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!, 1" il i. IUHBAY, QCTOBBfc *8frlMfc£ of IS FIOIPEI Of Delineates Texture of Thought fJ. and Romance of the 'y. Aborigines DEWED 10 HIHEi Biff MU UM Husband Author of Famous Work "My Friend, The In dian" Mrs. Marie McLaughlin, wife of Ma jor McLaughlin, in her "Myths of the Sioux," just published from the presa of the Bismarck Tribune, has fittingly preserved the imaginative literature of that interesting race. The stories she has collected, told in a quaint style, were related to her by her mother, Mary Graham Bulsson, to whom she has dedicated the unique work. The inspiration which produc ed this work was gained at her moth er's knee. iFer All Ages. t" Mrs. McLaughlin has done for the Sioux Indian lore what Grimm and Anderson did for their people. The 1 book Is for all ages. It comprises a collection of stories, told Mrs. Mc- Laughlin by the older men and worn en of the Sioux. if But in the foreword, she gives an excellent outline of the volume: .4$''' PesaesMd Opportunity. "Having been born and reared in an Indian community, I at an early age acquired a thorough knowledge of the Sioux language, and having lived on Indian reservations for the past 40 J^ears in a position which brought me frery near to the Indians, whose con* fldence I possessed, I hate, therefore, had exceptional opportunities of learn ing the legends and folk-lore of the Sioux. "The stories contained in this littla volume were told me by the older men and women of the Sioux, of which I made careful notes as related, knowing that, if not recorded, these fairy tales would be lost to posterity $4S* "The notes of a song or a strain of music coming to us through the nifltt nor^ttly ltfyirO^BlfliW^ its 2 ody they Bring, but" also* give ,nr knowledge of the character of V&, sifter or of the instrument faaai which they proceed. There is some-1 Mrty hl4t0ry*M& twig In the music which unerringly erican Indian. us of its source. I believe ma fns call it 'timbre' of the sound independent of, and different I, both pitch and rhythm it Is thq lire of the music itself. lie 'timbre' of a people's stories of the qualities of that tfo£fe'a t. It is the texture of thsrthought, Independent of Its form or Jiphioniiig, which tells the quality fljfetbe mind from which it springs. "In the 'timbre' of these stories of the Sioux, told in the lodges and at the camp fires of the past, and by the firesides of the Dakotas of'today, we recognize the very texture of the thought of a simple^ grave, and gin cere people, living in-intimate contact and friendship with.. the -big out-of dooro that we call. Nature a race not yet understanding all things, not proud and boastful, but honest and childlike" and fair a simple, sincere, and gravely thoughtful people, willing to.believe that th'ere may be In even (fee everyday things of life something not yet fully understood a race that can, without any loss of native dig nity, gravely consider the simplest things, seeking to fathom their mean ing and to learn their lesson^-equally without vain-glorious boasting and For mere end even better service, a three-story building is being built by ua, corner Main and tsvsnth streets. Sioux Well Known. !Mri/?HfeLatfgMtf11#'wellknQW!t tot North Oakotana. She-is the. wife..of Major McLaughlin, Dne of the fore' most «tudents*/0f thfl&Mptory..,of tbe rt^ AmrlcfB InjSm% MfT cgfctri The Author, Marie L. McLaughlin. trifling cynicism an earnest, thought ful, dignified, but simple and primitive people. Give Pleasure. "To the children of any race these stories cannot fall to-give pleasure by their vivid imaging of the aimple things and creatures of the great out of-doors and the epics of their doings. They will also give an intimate In sight into the mentality of an inter esting race at a most interesting stage of development, which is now fast receding into the mists of the past. ideirljejng Xjtbe ploltttof theAm The author of "Sioux Myths" giveB in the foreword this charming bit of autobiography: .. Autobiography. "In publishing these "Myths of.the Sioux," I deem it proper to state that of one-fourth Sioux blood. My ,maternal grandfather, .Captain Dun can Graham, a Scotchman by birth, Who had seen service in the British army, was one of a party of Scotch Highlanders who in, -1811 arrived ..in the British 'Northwesi%y way of York Factory, Hudson Bay, to'found what was known as the Selkirk Colony, near lake Winnipeg, now within the province of Manitoba, Canada. Soon after his arrival at.. Lake Winnipeg he proceeded up thtffRed ^fir of the North and the western fork thereof to its source, and thencft-down ttje Min nesota river to Mendota, the conflu ence of the Minnesota and' Mississip pi rivers, where he located. My grand mother, Ha-za-ho-ta-win, was a full blood of the Medawakanton band of the Sioux tribe of Indians. My fath er, Joseph Bqisson, born near Mon treal, Canada, was connected with the American Fur company, with head quarters at Mendofo, '.Minn., which point was for many years the chief When your battery gets in a run-down condition and fails to prop erly perform its duty, then send it to us and let our batter) expert Fix it For battery work we secured the services of a man who had pre viously maintained for several years a factory battery service station. We wanted to be in position to do any and all kinds of battery work in the most efficient manned We now feel such position is ours, and such position is now at your service. distributing depot of the American Fur company, from which the Indian trade conducted by that company oal the upper Mississippi was directed. "I was born December 8, 1842, at Wabaaha, Minn., then Indian country, and resided thereat until 14 years of age, when I was sent to school at Prairie-du-Chien, Wis. I was married to Major Jamea Mc Laughlin at Mendota, Minn., January 28, 1864, and resided In Minnesota until July 1, 1871, when I accompan ied my husband to Devils Lake Agen cy, North Dakota, then Dakota Terri tory, where I remained ten years In most .friendly. relations with the Indi ans of'tK£r agency. My husband was Indian agent at Devils Lake Agency, and in 1881 was transferred to Stand ing Rock,, on the Missouri river, then a VWy,"iniliortant agency, to take charge of the Sioux, who had then but recently surrendered to the mili tary authorities, and been brought by steamboat from various points on the upper Missouri, to be permanent ly located on the Standing Rock res ervation." All of the illustrations are from original drawings made by the Sioux Indians. This enhances the value of the work and is in itself a contrl button to Indian art. Typographical ly, the book is all that could be de sired. its cover is in three colors, illustrated by a drawing of a Sioux head in feathered regalia. Several myths with illustrations are given herewith to illustrate the na ture of this interesting contribution to Indian mythology. SCHOOL NOTES 0- N. P. Agent W. A. MacDonald was a pleasant caller at the high school this week and donated several 'books to the school. Come again. The Wl C. T. U. organization of the city is offering a series of prizes for the best essay on the "Effects of To bacco on the Human system." For the best high school essay, a prise of $5 will be paid to the writer. Sim- Missouri Valley liMiMt ^i v*,: BAR* VAfMm "'f' .&••' The chief, seeing that the turtle was very smart and showed great wisdom in his talk, took a great fancy to him, tind whenever any'puzzling subject canie up before the chief, he generally sent for Mr. Turtle to help him decide. One day there came a great misun derstanding between different parties of the tribe, and so excited became both aides that it threatened to cause bloodabed. The chief was unable to decide for either faction, so he said: "I will cell Mr. Turtle. He will judge for '•.[j^.i-'^:' W3U ih. Near to a Chippewa village lay a large lake, and in this lake there lived ani enormous turtle. This was no ordinary turtle, as he would often come out of his home in the lake and visit with his Indian neighbors. Be paid the moat of his visits to the head chief, and Oh these occasions would stay for hours,. smoking and talking with him. le* who gfe ed'tbe ttfpi ffeq ytftyig men fjire ovt- Btrolliiig one night talking of lMf affairs. They passed around a hill ind came to a little ravine or coulee. Suddenly they saw coming up from the ravine a $2 for the best cssay-ln the combina tion of grades four, five'and six. This should receive enthusiastic attention of all departments. For information apply to Miss Elstad in the high school, Miss Digby in the junior high school, and Mr. Martin in the fourth, fifth and sixth grades.. The matter of vaccination is about settled in the schoolH, as practically all have presented 'certificates and others are being vaccinated. Professor Thompson of Jamestpwn college delivered a le^ure on the ilarly, will be paid for. the best essay in the junior high school, andj Panama Canal at the high schobl last AUTOMOBILE BATTERY SERVICE THE WONDERFUL TURTLE. The Chief gives his daughter to his Ife's turtle friend in marriage. Sending for the turtle, the chief va cated his seat for the time being, un til the turtle should hear both sides, and decide which was in the right. The turtlp came, and taking the chief's seat, listened Very attentively toi both sides, and thought long before be gave his decision. After thinking long and studying each side carefully, he came to the conclusion to decido in -favor of both. This would not cause any hard feelings. So he gave them a lengthy speech and showed them where they were both in the right, and wound up by saying: "You are both in the right in some ways and wrong in others. There fore, I will say that you both are equally in the right." When they heard this decision they saw that the turtle was right, and gave him a long cheer for the wisdom displayed by him. The whole tribe •»aw that had it not been for this wise decision there would have been a STORY OF THE PEACE PIPE. I ve the pipe of peace to the Sioux Nation, and when ed into a gray cow. beautiful woman. She was painted and her dress was of the very finest material. "What a beautiful girl!" said one of the young men. "Already I love Wednesday evening for the benefit of the county teachers. On Friday he paid a visit to the high school work. Mr. Lobach of the Tribune was a caller at the high school last Thurs day. Arrangements are in the making for two parties, to be given soon, in the bigh school. One is to be a Hal lowe'en party and the other an "at home" for the teachers, to be given by the seven teachers of the North Wiard school, who have been connect ed with the school prior to the cur rent school year. aid Illustrated By The Red Men !T»?'I' f" 1 •*r great shedding of blood in the tribe. So they ovted him as their judge, and the chief, being so well pleased with him, gave to him his only daughter in marriage. Thp daughter of the chief was the most beautiful maiden of the Chippe wa nation, and young men from other tribes traveled hundreds of miles for an opportunity to make love to her, and try to win her for a wife. It was all to no purpose. She would ac cept no one, only him whom her fath er would select for her. The turtle was very homely, but as he was pru dent and wise, the father chose bim, and she accepted him. The young men of the tribe were very jealous, but their jealously was all to no purpose. She marired the turtle. The young men would make sport of the chief's son-in-law. They would say to him: "How did you come to have so flat a stomach?" The tur tie answered them, saying: her. I will steal her and make her my wife." "No," said the other. "Don't harm her. She may be holy." The young woman approached and A number of teachers are planning to attend the state teachers' meeting at Fargo in November. Hundreds of children in the city schools arc taking up with enthusi asm the practice in Palmer Penman ship, with a view to securing the award buttons and pins offered by this system of writing for meritorious work. It is expected that by Decem ber 1 many pupils will be wearing the pins offered for proficiency in the first 25 drills in the system. The papers are sent to Cedar Rapids, la., to be passed upon by experts in pen manship. This is one of the many We have already done a large battery repair business. Ask any one, who has had his battery work done by us, as to our work and service. It is the best reference we can give. If you trust your battery work to us, you also will be one of our many satisfied cus tomers. Don't experiment, but start right, by bringing the battery to an ex pert and eventually save money. Company BISMARCK, NORTH OAKOTA "My friends, had you been in my place, you too would have fiat atom* achs. I came by my flat stomach in this way: The Chippewas and Sioux had a great battle, and the Sioux, too numerou8 for the Chippe? was, were killing them off so fast that they had to run for their lives. I was on the Chippewa side and some of the Sioux were pressing five of us, and were gaining on us very fast. Coming to. some high grass, I threw myself down flat on my face, and pressed my stomach close to the ground, so the pursuers could not see me. They passed me and killed the four I was with. After they had gone back, 1 arose and lo! my stomach was as you see it now. So hard had I pressed to the ground that it would not assume its original shape again." After he had explained the cause of his deformity to them, they said: "The Turtle is brave. We will bother him no more." Shortly after this the Sioux made an attack upon the Chip pewas, and every one deserted the vil lage. The Turtle could not travel as fast as the rest and was left behind. It being an unusually hot day in the fall, the Turtle grew very thirsty and sleepy. Finally scenting water, he crawled towards the point from whence the scent came, and coming to a large lake jumped in and had a bath, after which he swam towards the center and dived down, and find ing some fine large rocks at the bot tom, be crawled in among them and fell asleep. He had his sleep out and arose to the top. Swimming to the shore he found it was summer. He had slept all win ter. The birds were singing, and the green grass and leaves gave forth a sweet odor. He crawled out and started out look ing for the Chippewa camp. He came upon the camp several days after he had left his winter quarters, and go ing around in search of his wife, found her at the extreme edge of the village. She was nursing her baby, and as he asked to see it, she showed it to him. When he saw that it was a lovely baby and did not resemble him In any respect, he got angry and went off to a large lake, where he contented himself with catching flies and insects and living on seaweed the remainder of his life. held out a pipe which she first offered to the sky, then to the earth and then advanced, holding it out in her extend ed hands. "I know what you young men have been saying one of you is good the other Is wicked," she said. She laid down the pipe on the ground and at once became a buffalo cow. The cow pawed the ground, stuck her tail straight out behind her and then lifted the pipe from the ground again in her hoofs immedi ately ahe became youngs jpman again. .. "I am come to give you this gift," she said. "It Is the peace pipe. Here after all treaties and ceremonies shall be performed after smoking it. It shall bring peaceful thoughts into your minda. You shall offer it to the Great Mystery and to mother earth. The two young men ran to the vil lage and told what they had seen and heard. All the village came, out where the young woman was. She repeated to them what she had already told the young men and add* ed: "When you set free the ghost (the spirit of deceased persons), you must have a white buffalo cow skin." She gave the pipe to the medicine men of the village, turned again to a buffalo cow and fled away to the land of buffaloes. plans of the publishers used to se cure efficiency in this Important part of the school work. Miss Jessie Mc Leod is the supervisor. Miss Tatley is planning to have an operetta in tbe spring, to be rendered by a large chorus of school children. Mr. Neff, director of high school and grade manual training work, with the aid of some of his boys, is erecting 12 teeters in the schools, un der the direction of the Playground association. Four of these will be placed at the North Ward, four at the Will school and four at St. Mary's school.