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The! Weather Fair and Warmer. —o- -O-r —o— Villa Will Be Several Days Before It Can Reaofi General Trevino'g Army Vtr, fi -r BRIDGES HAVE BEEN BURNED BY INVADERS Believed Large Foroe Is Massing For Attack on American Border El Paso, Nov. 27—Mexican refu gees arriving here in a deplorable condition declare that General Tre •vino has evacuated Chihuahua City and that 40,000 residents are at Villa's mercy. Murder, pillage and rapine and the torch followed the entry, of the bandit chief. The report that Villa controls the city is unconfirmed from other sources. General Gonzales, de facto cpm mander, is hurrying all available sol diers north of Chihuahua to tba re lief of Trevino. A garrison of 150 Carranza soldiers was withdrawn from San Juan and Buen Ventura. Other small forts were emptied to swell th numbers of the army nlarch ing 16 the relief oj General Trevino. General Mascotts, with 3,000 de facto troops, is marching north of Sahta Rosada' to aid the beleagured garrison. Bridges south of Chihua hua City have been .burned and it will take several days for the relief forces tq reach Trevino. General Gonfeales hits received' a report that a band of-Villistas under General MuCgula is beaded for the border. Rumbling oif eannon reported to the telegraph operator at Sau*.station by refugees and,:j*£tayed' to General (Fran cisco Gonzales: "at military headquar ters here convinced the chril and mili tary officers that General Trevino, Carranza commander, still held Chi huahua City at'tho'dose of the three days' siege hy Villa' and his bandits Aside from this information, the commanding officers in Juarez knew nothing late tonight as to the day's developments in the state capital. Telegraph Line Cut. The federal telegraph line which runs into the military headquarters at Juarez has been silent since 10 a. m., when communication with Chihua vhua City was interrupted, soon after General Trevino sent a personal mes sage to Mrs.' Trevino assuring her of his safely. The telegraph line is in operation from Juarez tcf Sauz, the first station north of the •capital, but Carranza of ficials said it had been cut between that station and Chihuahua City.. Villa Attack Shifted. The suspension of wire communi cation is considered by Carranza mil itary officers here to indicate that! Villa has moved around to the north' and northeast of Chihuahua City and is attacking from that side in the hope of avoiding the curtain or lire which the Carranza artillery has been pouring into the ranks of the bandits. Americans familiar with the topog raphy of the city say Villa will be able to make his way into the city «proper from the north without en countering artillery fire. Battle Before Dawn. Before the telegraph line was cut, brief reports of the third day's bat tle for possssion of Chihuahua City received by the military here told of the preliminary skirmishing just be fore daWn, which developed into a general attack at 4:30 a. m. A mes sage was recevied' today announcing the departure of General Fran*sco Murguia's cavalry column from the railroad line near Santa Rosalia for a forced march overland to Chihua hua City to relieve General Trevino's troops. Denies Report of Fall. When informed of a rumor in El Paso that Chihuahua had fallen be fore Villa's attacks, Andres Garcia, inspector general of consulates, said: "There has been absolutely nothing received here to indicater such' an event, and we control the only avail able sources of information. From our knowledge of the defenses of Chi huahua and of General Trevino's re sources in men and arms, we do not feel any uneasiness." Mr. Garcia, General. Gonzales and other Carranza officials attended a banquet here tonight. ASK CABINET MEMBER. St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 27.—Elaborate plans are being made for the meet ing of the Co-operative Equity ex change in St. Paul next month. The occasion is the dedication of the new terminal elevator owned iby the farm ers. Those in charge have asked that a cabinet member be sent to ad dress the farmers of the Northwest, Secretary Daniels may be sent, ac cording to a letter from Mr. Tumulty. tc *i**f FpiW*T t' f»' iV VILLA STRONGHOLD Marion Letcher. Marion Letcher, U. S. consul, has fieen on the job in Chihuahua city, the centcr of Villista activity, ever tince President Wilson gave the order to "tafce Villa, dead or alive." He is in the interior at a point from which egress would be difficult in case of actual danger. Mr. Letcher has been in Mexice as U. S. consul five years. Although he is only 34 years old he was a company com mander in Cuba during theSpanish American war. The suicide was. identified here late today as J. E. Galp, whose address is unknown. He overlook* ed removing one laundry mark which gave the key to his name. Fargo, N. D., Nov. 27.—The tran sient who committed suicide here Sunday by sending a bullet through his head, removed every possible means of identification before killing himself. Trademarks found to have been on his clothing such as laundry marks on shirt ary* Collar, were all carefully removed. The victim was found lying in the middle of a street in the fashionable residence section of this city. MBUUKPB Major Steedman, military adviser to Governor -Hanna, has almost com pleted inquiries on array ambulances, one of which is to be purchased for the North Dakota boys by donations made some months ago. It has been hard to get delivery on the style of the ambulance desired and all" that is necessary to close the deal is to ascertain the nearest point to Mercedes at which delivery can be made. It is expected that within a short time Major Steedman, E. H. Dummer and others in control of the fund will have the definite data. The Tribune has turned over $621, its total collections, to Major Steed man. More is held by Mr. Dummer and when all donations have been col lected, it is expected that the fund will total more than $700. It has been found that the Ford army ambulance i# best suited to ser vice on the border. Many of them are in use on the French front and are giving excellent service. This Is the type of an ambulance that will be purchased for the North Dakota regi ment. The state of Ohio purchased several for the use of the Ohio regi ments. deeming the type more suit able than some of the other ambu lances on the market. LOSES WEIGHT. Chicago, Nov. 27.—Seventeen pounds and a-half off the weight, due to a dance given in their honor, the diet squad must, make up weight .in this week's drive against the high tost of living. Today's 40-cent menu fol lows Breakfast—Oranges, cereal, toast, coffee. Dinner—Julienne soup, roast pork, glazed sweet potatoes, celery, pump kin pie. Supper—Cold sliced meat, country fried potatoes, bread, butter, apple sauce, tea. 1 r* —0— Proposition Already Has Safe Majority of, all Votes Cast on Official Returns $125,000 TO BE PUT INTO MAIN BUILDING Anticipated That Structure Will Suffice for First Two Years With a majority of almost 16,000 on official returns from all but Eddy, Mercer and Oliver counties, and* with a certainty that the lead will be en hanced by the vote of the two miss ing counties from west of the river, the Dickinson normal school is a cer tainty. The official count, with three counties yet to be heard from, stood! this morning 56,376 for and 40,802 against. The vote is abnormal, show ing an unusual degree of interest the state ovf. Appropriation Asked. The fate of the Dickinson normal definitely determined, the state board of regents this morning presented to the budget committee estimates of the sums which will be required by the institution for the ensuing two years. The total Is $252,500, divided as follows: Maintenance, two years.. .$40,000 Grading and grounds 2,500 Water and sewers 3,500 Plumbing and wiring 9,000 New Buildings. Main building 125.000 Girls' dormitory 5Q.000 Central heating plant..... 10,000 Equipment. Main building, furniture and fixtures 3,500 Dormitory ...2,500 Dining rooui and kitchen ..,'£*1,500 Library 2,500 Chemical, biological and physiological laboratory, 2,500 $125,000 for First Unit. The $125,000 askqd for is to. pro vide for the first unit of the main building, wliich probably will supply sufficient room for the first biennial period, at the end of which time a wing will be added. A dormitory for girls is regarded imperative. In in come itepis, the board of regents anti cipates $500 in tuition fees for the normal $3,500 for general mainten ance, a total of $252,500. The amount is practically the same asked for the Minot normal during the first two years. COST MM $518.90 TO BE Lynn J. Frazier spent just $518.SM) to become governor of North Dakota by the largest vote given a candidate in the history of the state. The gov ernor-elect filed his expense account with the secretary of state early. Frazier was entitled to spend $600, or 15 per cent of the $5,000 which he will receive during his first year"s«ervice. In his expense he has listed railroad fare at $180 and hotel bills at $102.55, items which it is not necessary for a candidate to show. The largest single item was $200 contributed to the Re publican state central committee. TO GIVEPOPT Chicago. Nov. 27.—The Chicago Catholic diocese, one of the largest in the world, is to contribute $1,000,000 to replace revenues lost by the Pa pal See because of the European war. It is estimated that 100 churches con tributed to the fund Sunday. SAVES TWO GUESTS DIES HIMSELF IN CUDAHY HOTEL FIRE Poland, Ore., Nov. 27—Willard Dieting, 24 years old. saved two guests in the Cudahy hotel fire here last night and then lost his own life. Six were injured and 12 jumped to safety. Minneapolis. Nov. 27.—Two hun dred people attending a mass meeting here Sunday called by the Embargo league, drafted and forwarded to Washington resolutions asking for a food embargo. ACCEPTS POSITION HERE. Miss Agnes Kavaney of Wabasha, Minn., arrived in the v'ty Saturday and will fill the position head toll operator at .the office of tM N. D. In dependent Telephone company. *b *vr .. •.* THIRTY-SIXTH YEAR, NO. 286 ASSOCIATED PRESS BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, TUESDAY, NOV. 27, 1916. UNITED PRESS Chihuahua},Residents Are at His THAT OF KORT AND PILLAGE Entente Boats Receiving General Warning AU Along Ameri can Coast WASHINGTON OFFICIALS GREATLY ALARMED LA$T WOJtO. Washington, Nov. 27.—Ambas sador Gerard is to take back to Berlin, next week, America's last word in regard to' the submarine issue, including notice that this nation proposes to write no more notes. If there are any more vio lations, the United States intends to carry out the terms of the Sus sex note, which threatened to break off diplomatic relations with Germany. New York, Nov. 27.—'The British cruiser Lancaster, 15 miles off Sandy Hook, flashed a wireless to all En tente vessels in this vicinity warning them that submarines were in the vi cinity. A second attack, following that of the U-53 of six weeks ago, is feared. E New Life Insurant* Company Makes Excelent Record Since July 1 With its state agency'force well or ganized, and with $700,000.01) worth of actual business on i,ts books, the Provident Insurance Co. of Bismarck, the youngest of North Dakota's "Old Line" life companies, may he said to have fallen into its stride The Provident now has policy-hold ers in practically every fc^nfo in tbp state. Ifehu»lHe*,'*hr'(jWI'frfeferwed class, written moBtly through banker agents, .who' are also stockholders, and who comprise the greater part of the sales force. Chartered June 12, last, the Provi dent has written up to October 31, when the last statement was issued, $649,500 -in approved and accepted risks. Since the first of November more than $100,000 new business has been.added, and each month's record is surpassing the' former. When the Provident received its charter it had no sales organization. Its present field force, one of the most efficient boasted of by any life insurance com pany operating in North Dakota, has been built up since July 1. As prac tically every agent is also a stock holder, there is a double incentive not only to write insurance but to write risks which will bear the closest ex amination. In many instances the ex aminer as well as th agent is a stock holder. The funds, of the Provident Insur ance Co are being invested in first mortgage farm loans within the state. The security is gilt edge and the in terest return altogether satisfactory As generally as is practicable, the sur plus is being reinvested in the terri tory which originates the business, and this is tending to popularize tho company in territory where farm loans are much in demand. All of the company's policies are selling well. Probably the one most in demand is the "savings accumula tion" policy, which offers the pur chaser the combined advantage of se curity and saving. To date the Provident has confined its operations to North Dakota. Now well established here, it is planning January 1 to enter the state of South Dakota. Later the company will in vade other states. While the company is new, its of ficers are old in the insurance busi ness. W. C. Taylor, the president, is insurance commissioner of North Da kota. O. S. Basford, the vice presi dent, formerly was insurance com missioiir for South Dakota F. L. Conklin, the secretary, has grown up in the geueral insurance business, and is head of one of the largest agencies in central North Dakota H. B. Beach, actuary and assistant secretary, earn ed her insurance experience in Illin ois, where she was connected with some of the largest companies N. B. Fitch, state director of agents, has spent more than a quarter of a cen tury in similar capacities with sub stantial eastern companies. Dr. W. H. Bodenstab is medical examiner. The directors of the Provident are all men of established standing in their several communities. J. L. Bell is vice president of the First National bank of Bismarck H. H. Dahl is vice president of the State Bank of Norma W. L. Richards, president of the Mer chants' National bank of Dickinson' H. B. Allen is a prominent merchant of Jamestown H. H. Steele is a mem ber of the North Dakota tax commis sion and president of the First Na tional bank of Mohall W. H. Mann of New Salem, a merchant, banker and a member of the state railroad com mission Dr. L. S. Platou, a well known physician and farmer, is may or Valley City John Knauf is a well established attorney of Jamestown John E. Reuter is vice president of the First State bank of Underwood. These men with Messrs: Bodenstab, Basford, Conklin and Taylor, compose the directorate. «T&" '^VV 0— JUDGES SEATS Fargo Report Says Justice-Elect Will Avail Selves of Old Provision CAN'T BE DONE, STATE LOCAL STATE OFFICIALS AUeged Section 92 Was Meant To Be Effective Only for Emergency (Tribune Special Service). Fargo, N. D., Nov. 27.—Justices elect Grace, Robinson and Birdzell will seek to take their sea|s on the supreme bench next Monday, under section 92 of the state constitution, which provides that newly elected justices shall serve from the first Monday-in December, instead of wait ing until January 1, as has been cus tomary. This announcement was re ceived from authoritative sources here this afternoon. Can't Be Done? It can't be done, local authorities! on constitutional law declared this afternoon when the Fargo dispatch, was reported to them. "'The provi sion referred' to," said a prominent state official, "was enacted when North Dakota was admitted to state hood in 1889, in order that the state might not be without a supreme court after the election was held thai fall. No justice has sought since that time to avail himself of the privilege. "As a matter of fact, no officer can take his seat until he has received hie official certificate of election from the state'canvassing board: The state *iwiviKsirg board dog* nc£ meet until next Tuesday assuredly the election of the new justices cannot be legally certified to before that time." Will be Contested. If an effort should be made by the justices-elect to take their seats next Monday, it will be contested by the retiring justices, was officially an nounced this afternoon. UiaCRES 11 OfFStl NEW VEMIHEIS Chicago, Nov. 27.—Chicago church es will have big New Year's Eve mu sical programs. Refreshments will be served and other features introduced to rival the loop cabarets. This is to meet the situation caused by the falling of New Year's Eve on Sunday. Sales of liquor in Chicago are to be gin at midnight. UK nous Hi ur lira BIH Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 27.—The po lice are trying to identify a man, crazed by a wound in the back, inflict ed 'by stabbing, who seriously wound ed three ipeoplo here today and held a crowd of 1,000 at bay. He had fired several shots before he was overpow ered and placed under arrest. FIGGOt nans aim Viron Marshall, Arretted by Police Saturday Night, Awaits Sentence to be Passed by Judge Nuessle. With several bottles of whiskey and beer facing him—this, time as evi denc and not refreshments—Viron Marshall, a laborer about 35 years old, desired to plead guilty to the charge of blindpigging shortly after being placed under arrest by Chief of Police and Officer Martineson Saturday night. Marshall was arrested at his home in the vicinity of Washington and Broadway about 9:30 o'clock. When arraigned before Judge Dolan, he en tered a plea of guilty. He now awaits sentence from Judge Nuessle of the district court, which will probably be passed sometime today. From time to time the police have bees collecting evidence against Mar shall, which with that taken Saturday night, left no hole from which he could escape. Late today Marshall was sentenced to 90 days in the county jail and a fine of $200 with ten days additional if not paid, BOYS HOLD UP NORTHWESTERN TRAIN IN IOWA Chicago, Nov. 27.—It is reported that two youths held up and robbed a Chicago Northwestern passenger train on a Mississippi river bridge near Clinton, la., Sunday night. Four men were robbed of (25.00 and three watchs were taken. TO STEI CERMAN TWO ARIES DIED IN LONDON Uw- 'SHU HIRAM MAX1M2 Famous inventor of guns, am munition and electrical appli ances, who died in London last week. '•Farg& 'fr. D.. NoV. 27.—Creation'of a state bureau of labor, with duties of office to be conferred probably on the state fire marshal, was proposed by the federation of labor executive com mittee which met ^here Sunday, ju The legislative program Includes inspection of lignite coal mines and factories, statistics showing that 4,000 coal miners in North Dakota are poetically without protection. An anti-injunction minimum wage for women, a compensation act and a child labor bill are other proposed laws. TWO DROWN OF LAKE PARK Lake Park, Minn., Nov. 27.—Miss Ester O'Leary, 10 years old. and Frank Klin, 18, were drowned last night in Wongensteen lake, near here, by skating through an air hole. The bodies were recovered ten hours lat er, after searching parties worked 'all night. The double tragedy became known when Miss O'l^eary's parents began an investigation on her failure to re turn home in the evening. Discovery of the air hole and a boy's hat in the water was the first intimation that the two had drowned. WILSON FORWARDS GREETINGS TO NEW KING OF AUSTRIA Washington, Nov. 27.—President Wilson Sunday forwarded official greetings to the new emperor of Aus tria. DON'T BUY EGGS IS APPEAL OF GOTHAM OFFICIAL New York. Nov. 27.—Joseph Harti gan, official of the bureau of weights and measures here, has appealed to the public not to buy eggs There is a movement among some or the hotel men to leave hen fruit off the menus and eggless recipes are becoming pop ular in the large centers where the price pr dozen, of strictly fresh eggs, has soared above the 50-cent mark. Unless something is done to break the corner, experts believe that eggs will reach the doilar-per-dozen mark before winter is over. 10IUSE IIS Oil I Northern Pacific Fish Hatchery Being Built at Missoula to Supply Oining Cars. Word reached here this morning to the effect that work is under way at Missoula, Mont., toy the Northern Pa cific on its fish hatchery, to be used exclusively for furnishing trout for the dining cars of the company. «yU .. «!,•/ fyv, Home Edition Q«neral Retreat of Entente Forc es Before Tremendous Onslaught BULGARS FIRST. The retreat of the Roumanians from the Alt and Topolis is in prog ress, but I/ondon dispatches hold oat hope that the Roumanians may b* able to extricate themselves from til tight place into which thy have been forced. Germany has failed to state whether any prisoners were captured. There is little activity on' the French front. Artillery action is re ported in the vicinity of Labasse. Italian dispatches state that Italy's linger participation in the war will likely result from the reconvening of the chamber of deputies. Socialist Leader Turati says that he will de mand that Italy make immediate pa«£p. There is every indication that lie will be attacked savagely when he proposes this. Effect Union. With the Teutonic armies advaae» ing toward it from the west and southwest, Bucharest, the capital of Roumania, is in imminent peril. Gen eral Mackensen has crossed the Dan ube from Bulgarian territory io Zee imnitcsa and has effected a tinkm with Falkenhayn's forces ui .Alexan dria. All along tho WijIla'.'fiiHn front* the Roumanians ate flming and ap plying tlie torch. The Mornings Post «London) cor respondent, telegraphing from Bucha rest, said that from ten in th^ room ing until three o'clock in the after noon Sunday, enemy air squadrons flew ovor the Roumanian capital and Chitila, dropping bomb. 'icveiml were killed and Roumanian aero planes engaged the hostile craft. Would be Uncomfoi tab!*. At Hermannstadt, T/ansylvanla, where General Falkenhayn gave tho neutral correspondents banquet, he said that BuchaicM :vouid bo an OB* comfortable placc when the Germans get, their guns trained on it. Sunday's official statements from German, Bulgarian, Russiau and Rou manian capitals show the following offensive movements: General von Falkenhayn's Hanking movement operating out of Craiovai Orosova, Turnu-Severin and from south of Rothenhun. From two paints along the Danube —Sofia claiming success. A vigorous thrust northwest, across the Danube in Dobrudja. engineered by Field Marshal Mackensen—Berlin claimed successfully launched. In addition there is apparently no let up to the pressure from Hungary southward on the Transylvaau Alpsi Distant From Capital. Accepting all these statrm ut3 as accurate, German or Bulgarian troops are now distant from Eucliaicj1". as follows: Islands in the Danube. cl«'' 3d by Sofia to have been or upi?d bv iJnl garian forces at Giurjrevo (Giurgiu), 36 miles due south of Bucharest. Crossing of the Danube in Dobrud ja and gaining of a foothold 'iifi -—v '. -'. FIVE CENTS E E MY EXTRICATE AHV Mackensen and Falkenhayn Ef fect a Union of Their Forces ••, BALKAN CAPITAL SEEMS WITHIN ENEMY'S REACH A Sofia, Nov. 27.—There is com* plete cooperation between th* Bulgarian troops and these of the Germane. Bulgar detachments with Falkenhayn's army were th* first to cross th* Danube near So stova. Then Slmlnista fell int* Bulgarian hands with a larg* store of grain. Petrograd wires that the Get* mans are committing acts of brut* ality in Wallachia. Berlin, Nov. 27.—German forces, as sisted by the Bulgars, are making fierce drive on Bucharest, capital of Roumanla. Already the air craft oC the enemy is playing over the "Paris of.the East." /Germans believe tint within, a few days the capital will b* reached, unless the Roiimaoiaoa, able to extricate themselves front a tight place into which the masterly strategy of Mackensen and FalMO* hayn has forced them. The Germans have recaptured Alex andria in Wallachia, and Petrofra4 reports that the. hard Dressed B«h maajans are taking erivaivttffe of all the natural features to resist .eMaif advances. The Teutons h«t* pushed across the Veda river and established observation points. German and Austrian troops under Lieutenant General Kraf von Diet mensignen are advancing down both sides of the Alt valley from the north. Thgy have thrown the enemy behind the__Topologues sector. •:-.s -5/ rn Ron* manian soil—claimed V' Berlin-* probably not more than t0 miles dls* tant.