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iThe Weather Fair. Packers Alone Content With High Cost of Packing House Products MARKETING SY8TEM ALL WRONQ SAYS &URTON Interesting Story of Trip of Steak From Manager to Your Table EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the NCtnd in a series «f stories by Correspondent Burton in which he it trying to find out the reas ons for the presant sky-rocketing of meat prices, and what ean be 'dona about it. Thia article, and thoee following take up and ex pose the meat aituation in the United 8tatea as. it has never been done before. By H. F. BURTON. Chicago, Dec. 9.—That the increase in the cost of our daily meat is a very real one cannot be successfully de nied by anyone: the fact of it is re corded officially In a congressional re port just compiled by Chas. J. Brand of tbe United States department of agriculture. This report relates the following in teresting legend regarding tbe rise of the wholesale pice of sirloin steak in th past 20 years: price Per Pound. J894 10 cents 1904 12% cents 1914 22 cents It will be noted from this that the increase in price 'during the later ten years is inapy times that of the rise during the former decade, and this economic condition pertains in all oth er class^of beef and. indeed, in most other meats. For our purposes here it may be regarded as typical. The question that I expect fco try to' answer to my.-iuvestigatiuii mtJ the meat angle of the whole subject of "what is making the hlfh coat of liv tag so high?'is this: Is it necessary that We pay1 as much for a beefsteak its we do now or can a beefsteak be jjro&bced rhore cheaply and, If so, how? Inother words, is the meat of America being produced and distributed fqr us at a minimum .cost, of are thefee processes largely hit-or-miss, with big profits for "some body," regardless of the tights and in terests of everybody else? Many "investigators" of this sub ject have finished their jobs of inquiry by pointing a long, but very vague, finger of scorn at the packers—the Swifts, Armours, Morises and Cuda hys—who are, doubtless, very rich and doubtless, constantly growing richer but they have not furnished facts enough to convince officialdom of their "charges," for the packers continue doing more and ever more business in their chosen fields, and no one stops the price of steak on its hegira to join the morning skylark! If we are going to find out the truth about this subject, we have got cer tainly to trace the entire process of meat- marketing from beginning to end—from the calf to the plate. This means we have to learn just what part the "breeder" of njeat-ani mals plays in this shrouded game and how he plays it and if he can play it any more honestly or any more effi ciently and we have got to do the same with the "feeder" of these ani mals we have got to do the same with the commission men who sell them to the "packers" we have got to the same with the "packers" them selves and the same finally with the retail butchers who weigh your pre cious steak for you as you bargain for it over the yellow counter. Then, perhaps, we shall know some thing of the truth about this matter, or we will at least know whether there are grave instances where we cannot find ont anything definite at all and where, therefore, Uncle Sam him aelf had better step in, and do his duty by us and find out for us. It may be, indeed, that eventually we will ind out by our survey that what certain critics of this whole bus iness say, is true: namely that tbe en tire process Is wrong as it is conduct ed today— that, as one noted produc er of cattle publicly says: Fundamentally Wrong. 1 "The entire American scheme for the marketing of live stock is funda mentally wrong, and this great ma chine that has been erected must come down piece by piece until it is found where the faulty construction and weakness commence, and then it must be rebuilt soundly." TEACHER WANTED ON CHARGE OF FIRST DEGREE FORGERY Fargo, N. D., Dec. 8.—Police last night searched every Incoming North ern Pacific train for a school teacher. His name is J. M. Mclntyre.V Tele grams were received early In the day from 'S. A. Smith, sheriif at Beach, asking that Mclntyre be taken into custody. He is wanted on a charge of first degree forgery. SUNUY -GBKMUY FMI Temperature in Blamarek Last Night Went Down to Zero—Two Below at Winnipeg and Edmonton. Bismarck was next to the coldest point on the weather map last night, reporting a tempesnture of sip ro. Winnipeg report ed 2 (alow as the lowest for the night which was also re ported from Edmon ton, Unsettled wea ther tonight, and StMiday fair but cold' er is the forecast given out by the weather bureau this morning. "Areas of low pressure extend from Saskatchewan eastward to Ontario, and as far southeastward as Mary land. Over the remainder of the coun try the pressure is either normal or abo've. The indications are for some what unsettled .weather tonight, fol lowed on Surdity by fair and colder," says the officii! report." Tbree From Sberidan County and One from Burleigh Will 1 Be Arraigned FRED M'LAUGHUN Three Ready to Enter Pleas. Three prisoners were brought to Bismarck this morning by Sheriff, Dan Shaeffer, Clerk of Court E. J. Kludt and State's Attorney Peter A. Winter, all of McClusky, to be arraigned be fore the oourt. Up to 3 o'clock sen tences had not been passed. William Young, 23 years old, will plead guilty to the charge of bootleg ging and will probably be given the usual sentence for this offense. Pleada Guilty to Abduction. Fred Crawchenko, 31 years, is ready to enter a plea of guilty to the charge of abducting the 15-year-old daughter*of a farmer, living near. Mc Clusky. The elopers were arreBted in Minneapolis on tbe third of last month. The case attracted consider able interest in that vicinity at the time. Henry Baumback, 19 years old, will be arraigned on the charge of for gery in connection with passing an in strument on the First National, bank at McClusky. That was last March. Evidence was finally worked up against the defendant, who was ar rested just a week ago, and told the state's attorney he was willing to en ter a plea of giiilty. Burleigh County Case. Fred McLaughlin, arrested a short, time ago for being the instigator of the plot to run taxis to a farm near this city and have the drivers bring in wheat to Bismarck, which was sold at a local mill under pretense of be ing his own, will plead guilty to the offense before Judge Nuessle this af ternoon. Roy Chamberlain, one of the taxi drivers, was recently bound over to the district court, and the third one in the deal was given a fine which he paid. ISION IN com (DEFERRED TO I0NDAY Chief Justice Charles A. Pollock of the North Dakota provisional supreme court announced prior to his depar ture for Fargo today that a decision in the question as to the legal person nel of the supreme bench' will be handed down Monday. The provisional court spent all of yesterday and a great part of today in digesting the briefs, evidence and arguments submitted by the contest ants Thursday, and it is probable that its decision will cover many constitu tional points 6f vast importance. The provisional court has been placed in a very difficult position, but THREE WORKMEN BLOWN lit will have this honor of having heard TO ATOMS IN EXPLOSION and adjudicated one of the most, im Allentown, Pa., Dec. 9.—The Dryer, portant actions eVer brought before Pa., Trojan Powder company plant ex- a North Dakota supreme court. ploded late this afternoon. Three Judges Leighton and Crawford also workmen wefa.blown to atoms. Cause'left today for their homee in Minot is not known. (and Dickinson, respectively. OyerUuukts '3$' •Si TO ENTER GUILTY PLEA Sentences ae impoeed by Judge Muesale of. district court on the quartet of priaonera who were arraigned Me thia afternoon and pleaded guilty are as follows: Fred McLaughlin, grand larceny, one to five years Fred Crawchen ko, abduction, one to five years' William Young, bootlegging, one year, and Henry Baumback, for fery, at3t«,-feCorm tckaol. -rr-.* '. The attention of JUdge Nuessle of the district court is diveded this after noon. On one side of the court is groupof prisoners, ieady to plead guilty to offensed committed in Sher idan and Burleigh counties on the other side,' tyts attention is required for a decision'which is expected from the provisional supreme court. Off on Long Dealers Fran Bismarck Territory to Travel in Style to Lillys Overland Plant SPECIAL TRAIN WILL RUN THROUGH WITHOUT CHANGE Palatial Special Will Be Home to Agents Until They Choo-Ghoo Back to Capital A'palatial private train of'Pullmans, diners, observation car and baggage, coaches will carry 150 Overland deal ers out of Bismarck this evening for their long trek ty Toledo, where Mon day and Tuesday will be spent at^the great Willys-Overland factory. Deal ers have been gathering in the Cap! tal City all day from points through out the Slope country. This evening they will pile aboard their special train, which will be abundantly dec orated with Bismarck and Overland banners, and away they will stetfm, as second section of the North Coast Limited. At St. Paul tomorrow morning they will transfer to the Burlington, and tomorrow night, at Chicago, they change to the Lake Shore, which will carry them to TO' ledo. The return route will be the same, and the special train will be the home of the Overlanders from the time they leave thid evening until they get back, next Thursday. Among Thoae Present. Almong those who will be present from the Bismarek territory are: W. M. Scott and George Boelter, Arena Ht Higgins, Baldwin A. H. Hilke, S. C. E'rownfield and Messrs. Cody, Da vis, MoCabe, Fleming, Ehrie, Shar manand Ziebert, Belfield Jacob Heihn, Beulah W. E. Lahr, J. C. An dereon, A. B. Mead, J. W. Goodman, C. E. Whittey and W. A. Stickley, Bismarck Mr. Miles, Braddock M. O.-Jacobs, Brisbane Hy Cordes, Cen ter A. J. Carlson, W. H. Childs, C. J. Rolf, Coieharbor E. H. Wahl, C. A. Pierson, D^nboff W. C. McClarty, De Start F. .W. Turner, Dickinson M. O. \Yebbeu, Dfiacoli Mr. Ebeitoft. Dunn Conterf FC-.E. Swanson, Flash er William McDonald, Herman Al bert, Igprt Clark 3. A. iReuter, L. F. Mahowald, August Hassier, Fred Has sler, Garrison Edmund Scharf, Gold en Valley J. T. Wyard, Richard Doer ing John Schluker, A. C. Brown, Good rich M. Brewer, Glen Uilln M. F. Schall, Hague Henry Klein, Halli day H. O. Batzer, J. C. Murtz, J. 'E. Hayes, Hazelton C. W. Lorenz, Chas. Gregory, Hebron J. F. Wagner, Heil G. H. Wand, Judson C. W. Covlini KiWcer M. B. Faligatter, Kin tyre Clair Cornell, iLeith M. Beaton, Lom mon, iS. D. F. B. Irvine, D. W. Nor man, G. -N. Turner, Linton Otto Bow ers, Willis Hartley, Mandan R. H. E'echtold, Andy Espeseth, iMcClusky J. O. Swanick, Roscoe Crum, McKen zie William Bens, Mofflt George Mc Fadden, Mercer Fred Hintz, Mott George Gardner, M. Miller, iH. F. Lit tig, C. L. Harrison, New England Ed Lewis, "New Leipzig Philip Blank, John Tellman, Fred Eliwein, Christ •Hanson, 'Emmet E'enson, Carl Block, 'New Salem A. R. Mendez, Price Al fred Westrum, Raleigh Waiter Peter son, Regan John P. .lungers, Regent Joseph Kilzer, Richardton John J. Hull, James Bagnell, Howard Culli gan, Sanger P. E. Rasmussen, Shields N. E. Shobe, Solen John Sail er, Stanton Z. Hoffert, iStrass burg H. E. Skauge, Taylor Frank Temple, Temvik John Stein, Emil Wells, Turtle Lake J. E. Reuter, H. O. Sayler, G. A. Sayier, JosephGergen, C. T. McLaughlinr Underwood F. A. Callaghan, Joseph Mann, Karl Klein, Wbshburn L. A. Winter, Werner J, J. Schmid, Henry MiiCullcfugh, M'. Mc Cleary, Wlilton G. A. Hubbel, Ed. Hanlon, Wing George Slowey, Zap. RAIL PROMOTER CETS $20,000 (Special to The Tribune.) Crosby, N. D., Dec. 9.—Arthur Hen derson of 1,145 Dayton avenue, St. Paul, is under arrest in St. Paul, fac ing charges of obtaining money under false pretenses in promoting a propos ed railroad project from Crosby to Williston. He waived preliminary examinatoin and was bound over to the district court under $3,000 bail bonds. Hen derson, it is alleged, took contracts for a mythical Philadelphia concern, receiving $20,000 in part payment, and failed to live up to his agreement. MOORHEAD SHERIFF SEEKS ELOPERS ON PERJURY CHARGE Moorhead, Minn.. Dec. 9.—Sheriff Dan McDonald yesterday mailed' broadcast circulars in a search for Mr. and Mrs. Charley Cavenaugh, wanted in Moorhead for perjury. An elopment on November 1 lies at the foot of the troubles of this young cou ple. In-opposition to her parents' wishes, the girl, who is 17, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sather of this city, eloped with young Cavenaugh, who is 21 years, procuring license by giving their names aa legal. THIRTY-SIXTH TEAR, NO. 203 UNITED PRE88 BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA,, SATURDAY, DEC. 9,1916 ASSOCIATED PRESS FIVE CENTS aiig Constantine Mobilizes Troops Loyal To Him FightingStarts Milos From Chichuahna Between Bandits and Oariltniistas iv ty HEAD OF INSURGENTS WANTS BIG RANSOM To Levy Tribute ^pon Business Interests in Northern Mexico El Paso, Texas, Ddc. 9.—Fighting has been resumed between the Vil lisUs and the de faotb troops near Fresnos, ten miles from Chihuahua. Reinforcements were ra.shed there last night under Genel^il Murgia. The Carranzistas it,t# going to the relief of General OsMnas' cavalry, which pursued tl^e bandits after their evacuation of Chihnal»m City. They* have fallen in*M Villa's trap according tb information reaching the United States officials here. Villa is making his headquarters at Busta mente. New trenches and entangle ments have been placed around Chi huahua in preparation for another at tack. Villa has announced, that the re mainder of the 200,000 pesos ranscm would be demanded from the business men of the section. There arc ru mors that several 'Mexican generals will be courtmaitialed. Detroit. ^ich'., Dec. 9.—The county district court here granted a tem porary injunction restraining Henry "Ford from erecting a $1^000,000. blast furnace in the River Rouge. It is a proposed extension to the plant. Dodge Brothers, stockholders,, object ed. Oi.her extensions ark not affect ed. TO EHIMAIER RENINS AMI HOLD BELA1ED WEST Acting upon information procured through operatives of the Burns De tective agency, Attorney General Lin de today directed States Attorney John Cass of Mercer bounty to have the remains of Karl Maier, interred at Beulah a few days after his death, as a result of a mysterious rifle shot, exhumed and an inquest conducted. While all evidence in the»matter points to suicide, the point at which the. bullet entered Maier's body pre cludes this theory, and the prosecu tion is proceeding on the assumption that Maleri was murdered. The case to date has proved a baffling one, but the attorney general hopes to unearth some important evidence at the in quests' TWO DEAD III STALLED AUTO Milwaukee, Dec. 9.—The bodies of two young people, apparently 25 years of age, were found in an automobile a^ the juncture of Hampton and Green Bay roads today. There were bullets in both heads. SEEK TO COMPEL N. P. TO MOVE ITS STATION TO ZAP A mandamus action has been brought by Attorney fJeneral Linde against the Northern Pacific Railroac Co. !o compel the latter's compliance with an order issued by the North Da kota railroad commission requiring the removal of the depot at Zap, on the Killdeer branch, to another loca tion. •tfo SHOPPING Yd. JMKS UNTIL CHRISTMAS AMERICA NEXT Lord Northcliffe Tells United Press What Lloyd-George's Appointment Means SAYS GERMANS ARE AFTER SOUTH AMERICA Declares Little Welshman Only Man Who Understands the Yankees By LORD NORTHCLIFFE. (Written for United Press) Copyrighted. London, Dec. 9.—As a personality, David Lloyd-George for many reasons is interesting and his appointment has an important nearing on the Unit ed States. He is Ane of the few Brit ish statesmen understanding the American temperament. He is important to Americans for another reason. He heads the gov ernment of Great Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India. Winning the war revolves on those nations. If they and the Allies are beaten, the American turn will come nixt. Germany's hatred of the United States and Germany's plans in South America are well known. Like an American. David Lloyd-George's appointment is alluring to Americans because his life is very similar to that of Ameri cans. His only assets in starting life were only a good father and mother. Millions of American homes, like his little home in Wales. For fear of giving comfort to the enemy and helping the German propa ganda, we British here in England did not tell how dissatisfied we were with the management of war affairs since 1914. Lloyd-George is the only member of the cabinet with courage to mani fest discontent with our feeble and vacillating conduct of the war. Occasionally in parliament he at-, tempted to-tell the people the heart of the truth, but always met with'po litical opposition. ITS Rome, Dec. 9—The propased pas sage of a vote of confidence in the present Italian government is sure of securing an overwhelming vte in parliament. The only possible fric tion is from a small group o" Dakotans in Social ists who might oppose the vote. FRANCE TAKES HEART. Paris,- Dec. 9.—Apparently encour aged on account of the successful shake-up in the British ministry and the certainty of Lloyd-George being able to create a new cabinet, France is making plans to reorganize its war management. FOR BISMARCK (Special to the Tribune.) Washington, Dec. 9.—The Indian committee has agreed upon and a committee bill has just been introduc ed providing an appropriation of $15, 000 for a new building at the Bis marck Indian school to be used for a dining room and kitchen, and $10,000 for a new building to be occupied as employers' quarters. North Dakota members of congress announce that they expect to be able to retain in the bill these two neces sary items. OP Washington, Dec. 9.—Jail sentences against Frank Ladvinka, James Cates, H. Stephens and Fanny Aullens, labor organizers, who participated in the West Virginia coal miners' strike in 1914, were commuted yesterday by President Wilson. They were all convicted on the testimony of one do* tective. TORNADO HITS TOWN. Shreveport, Dec. 9.—One child was killed and two men injured in a tor nado that struck the town of Atlanta yesterday. Three churches, postof fice and more than 20 dwellings were wrecked. Visit to Big it Dairyland' Invasion of Half Regiment State Farmers Put Wisconsin A. C. "Out of Commission" GREATEST WOMAN FARMER IN WORLD WITH PARTY Big Results Shown in Figures From Excursion Into Badger Land Just Two Years Ago (Special to the Tribune.) Madison, Wis., Dec. 9.—A party of about 650 well to do "single crop" farmers of North Dakota, headed by the newly elected "firmer governor," Lynn Frazier of Hoople, visited the college of agriculture, University of Wisconsin, yesterday, in charge of high officials of three great railroads. Second Visit to "Dairyland." They came to learn more about si los and dairy cattle as a step toward permanent soil fertility. This is the second time North Dakota farmers have come to Madison for this pur pose. The first trip was made two years ago, since which time, and largely as a result of the excursion into Wisconsin's "dairyland," a total of 00 silos were built by the members of the party, and $75,000 worth of im proved Badger state dairy cattle was bought for 'North Dakota farms. There have in five years been 1,400 silos erected in North Dakota, nom inally a great wheat state. Force "Out of Commission." The invasion of half tu regiment of Dakotans nearly put the agricultural college force "out of commission," and sorely taxed the accommodations of the university eating houses. Lec tures and demonstrations were given the visitors by George C. Humphrey, professor of animal, husbandry jDr A. S. Alexander, in charge of this de partment of horse breeding Dr. Hadley, veterinarian J. G. Halpi», poultry specialist, and Ransom A. Moore, the "grain wizard" of Wiscon sin. The excursion was organized along the Great Northern lines in North Da kota by F. R. Crane, agricultural exy tension agent of that road, was han dled in St. Paul with the co-operation of the Omaha Railway spstem, and turned over to the Northwestern rail way at Madison, and the party was tbe guests for three days in Chi^a^0 of the Northwestern system. Just a Side Trip. The tr-p to Madison was a side trip on the way to the Chicago In ternational Livestock exposition,' and many of the leading state officials of North Dakota were in the party. With Governor-elect Lynn J. Frazier were Dr. E. F. Ladd, president of the North Dakota Agricultural college, former associate of Dr. Babcock of Wiscon sin milk test fame Lieutenant Gov ernor A. T. Kraabei, John N. Hagen, newly elected state commissioner of agriculture, and N. C. Macdonald, newly elected state superintendent of public schools. Mrs. C. W. Kelly, the greatest woman farmer in the world, who op erates her own farm independently of that of her husband, was one of the many women in the party. STEEL EXPOATS New York, Dec. 9.—Th# tonnage of unfilled orders qf the United States Steel company has reached a new high level of 11,058,52* tons. The government estimate regarding exportation of steel and iron products published here today, place the ex ports for the ten months of this year at 4,968,285 tons. It is estimated that iron and steel exports this year will surpass all previous records by 75 percent. A tonage statement, issued at 11:55 a. m.. caused an advance in prices on the stock exchange during final trading. United States Steel sold at 123% during a nervous mo ment around 11 o'clock which sent most speculative leaders back. The movement was professional. Weak ness continued until near closing hour, when Utah Copper advanced two points, and publication of the steel unfilled tonnage report was followed by further advances. Tho close was strong, except for weakness in a few specialties. ADMIRAL DEAD. New Ixndon, Conri., Dec. 8.—Rear Admiral Merrill, retired, died here to day. ONE KILLE0 IN AUTO ACCIDENT (Special to the Tribune.) Hettinger, N. O., Dec. 9.—Leon ard Rule was instantly killed and Clyde Keairnes narrowly escaped the same fate last night, when the auto in which they were rid ing turned turtle on the Yellow stone trail, about six miles east of town, at 8:30 o'clock. Rule's neck was broken, not a word hav ing escaped hie lips after the car executed ita death-dealing, somersault. j- Home Edition Xing Constantine and Teutons Re-* ported To Be in Close Com munication ALLIES BLOCKADE BEING STRICTLY MAINTAINED! Said That Royal Forces Are Re treating Toward the Interior From Athens TODAY'S WAR MOVES. In Rumania, Berlin claimed con tinued advances and as evidences of complete demoralization of the enemy forces cites 70,000 prison* era taken since December 1. in addition to a number killed and wounded. (Russian offensive in the Carpathians apparently con tinuing. Berlin admits the loss of ground "dearly paid for by the aggresaors" and "small local suc cesses." The Russian version of the dia lodging of th^ enemy from two heights and the capture of $00 prisoners admits the abandon, ment of one of the heights in the. Carpathians. On the western front, Berlin claims the repulse of the enemy patrols near LetransleV and artil lery firing. General Haig has nothing to report from the Brit* ish front, while French state ments merely detailed artillery activity around Hill 304, on the west bank of the Mouse. Greece was regarded anxiously today by all the warring, nations. Dispatches are all greatly delay* ed, but indicated the Imminence of actual hostilities between the Allied forces and the Greek roy. alists. London, Dec. 9.—The Greek situa tion has reached a critical stake. With the mobilization of King Con stantino's forcps, Teutonic negotia tions withw the- monartte sfre Deported. All .Allied subjects', have ieft^ tbe Greek capital and there has been a concentration of the Entente troops near Athens. Dispatches from the capital have been delayed. Reports early in the week declared the ad herence of former Premier Venizelos* row head of the provisional govern ment at Saloniki. Suffering persecution, it is said, the royal troops are fleeing to the in terior from Athens. The blockade is maintained effect ively by British and French war ships. Rumanians are now in complete re treat before the advancing Danube and right German army wings in Ru mania. The Germans have captured 70,000 men and 185 cannon and 120 machine guns. Petrograd reports that the Russians have dislodged the enemy from two heights west and south of Valoputna, taking 500 iirisoners, six machine guns and one cannon. Emperor Carl of Austria visited the German front and interviewed the kaiser, in the presence of Field Mar shals Hindenberg and Conrad. A provision governmeint, separate from the Berlin federal council, has been announced. This is merely, tem porary, while the German troops oc cupy Poland. Check Attacks. In -ain the Russian attempts against the Germans north of Narocz lake and Skoyrnooynow preceded toy fire preparation were unsuccessful, as were other strong Russian attacks against the German front near Kir lababa. Halifax, N. S., Dec. f. f. 9.—Warnings that a possible German sea raider is in the Atlantic an dthat two fighting submarines are off the Atlantic coast were given to British shipping this afternoon. in' sine is su Firm to Be Known as W. H. Spear A Co., Makes Purchase—Will Take Charge Monday, Dec. 11. Announcement was made this morn ing of the purchase of the grocery store of the Farmers' Union Mercan tile company by the firm of W. H. Spear & Co., composed of W. H. Spear, Paul Gerndt and G. L. Spear. The last two men are well known in E'ismarck. being connected with Brown & Geiermann. Their resigna tions will take effect January 1. ".Realizing the fact that it takes both the city and the country trade to be able to conduct a profitable business, we are going to make this a farmers' store in order to get the produce required by the customers in the city," stated the management of the new concern today. "Therefore* we will at all times pay the highest market prices for good country but ter, fresh eggs and other farm com modities." The new firm expects to take charge of the establishment Monday morn ing, December 11. ASKS EMBARGO ON~ARMS. Washington. Dec. 9.—Representa tive Hollingsworth introdu 'a reso lution today asking a:: embargo on the exportation of arms and ammuni tion for a year from this date.