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RISING TEMPERATURE OBEY IMPULSE Eleventh Hour Arrives With Much Charitable Work Yet To Be Done SHOPPERS, REMEMBER EMPTY STOCKING CLUB Rising Temperature Had Bene ficial Result Yesterday— $15 Was Realized _____ At this eleventh hour, or literally Rpeaking, on this 22nd day of Decem ber, with only one day left to purchase the merry Christmas gift for the only girl or the only boy in the world and you are struggling with that crowd of late shoppers in the downtown district, tjust pause long enough to drop a coin into the kettles —"just to keep the pots boiling,"—the words of Captain James A. Murphy of the Salvation army. The shops of the Capital City are fill ed with lovely little trifles that one can purchase for a hundred or more. Into the toy sections of the depart ment stores one can get a glimpse of the cosy doll houses big enough for a live-year-old girl to get into comfort ably. It can be purchased for $75. Then there are miniature touring cars with everything perfectly lovely and on a small scale except the price. But What of the Poor? But, there are more than 30 poor families to be fed in the Capital City next Monday noon and it is to the holiday shoppers that Captain James Murphy today Issues his final appeal to ^keep the pots boiling." Mrs. Mur phy, he says, has now completed her investigations. More contributions are needed. Personal checks do not necessarily have to be mailed to the captlan of the army, but can be drop ped into the kettles and will reach the headquarters just the same and soon er than if dropped into the mails. For the remaining two days, the ket tles will remain on the street corners. $15 Realized Yesterday. The riaihg 'temperature' of ydstfer day afternoon-had-a beneficial effect upon the army kettles. Over $15 was realized. The' captain' reports that there is stity more need to care for every empty stocking. He again ap peals to sorn^ .kindly disposed party or parties to provide the 21 pairs of shoes neede^'tp ^ep the little feet warm during .uiis. frigid weather. 30 Loaded U(hel Baskets. Santa Claus in person will, superin tend the delivery of the 30 loaded bu shel baskets, the' stockings contain ing the nuts, candy,, fruit,, toys .and much needed clothing, shoes and rub bers. The distribution will start in tomorrow afternoon and will continue during the evening. Then, on Christmas day, he will be on deck to see that the little folks get a ride in McGillis & Wallace's auto bus to the big "spread" to be given to the children of the poor through the kindness of Bougas Brothers, proprie tors of the Van Horn cafeteria, from 1*30 to 3 o'clock. WFEIV DEFUSED KI TRIAL BY HI (United Press) St. Paul, Dec. 22.—The Minnesota state supreme court today affirmed the conviction of Frederick T. Price, sentenced to life imprisonment in the Stillwater penitentiary for murdering his wife, Mary R. Price. The supreme court reviewed the testimony, show ing that be had pushed her over a high cliff along the Mississippi river on November 28, 1915. VILLA ATTAGKS TOFIKON CITY (By United Press.) El Paso. Texas, Dec. 21.—Villistas attacked Torreon at 4 o'clock this morning, and a battle for the posses sion of this city, second only to Chi huahua City, was on at daybreak. This information was given in dis patches here this afternoon. FARGO JOBBERS 6EI EXTENSION ON DRY FRUITS FROI COAST Fargo, N. D., Dec. 22—The North Dakota jobbers of dried fruit and can ned goods have bought a large amount of f. o. b. North Pacific coast points. Recently rates were raised, to their detriment, and the Fargo Commercial club, through its secretary, has ob tained an extension of the former rates." J.- FOUR LAOY EDITORS IN MCLEAN COUNTY Ryder, N. D., Dee. 22.—With the purchase of the Benedict Banner by J. W. Sherry of this 4 village and the announcement that Miss Anna 8herry, a sis- 0 ter, would become the new pro prietor, It was brought to light that McLean county has now four newspapers edited by members of the fair sex.„ Verdict in Murder Cate Is Awaited Jury Went Into Deliberation at Noon, Sullivan Giving Clos ing Arguments STARKWEATHER MAY KNOW FATE TONIGHT Unique Foundation Built by De fense in Hope of Freeing Prisoner (By United Press.) Mlandan, N. ©., Dec. 22.—With the defense's case based on the claim that William C. Starkweather, after a wordy quarrel with William (Mer man, was in the act of putting away a revolver which he had drawn to protect himself, and that Osterman struck him, Starkweather throwing up his right arm to ward off the blow, the arms of the two men meeting with considerable force, that this shock was Responsible for the reflex action of the muscles of the hand and finger, thus discharging t'he re volver and killing Osterman, Attorney J. F. Sullivan for the defense, closed his argument, and Judge Hanley gave the case to the jury at noon today. A verdict id expected thi sevening. Ostermap, a homesteader, Jiving south 6T Golden Valley'in Mercer county, was shot, and killed May 22, 1916. .The trial Was brought to Mor ton county on a change of venue and has been before the court all week. Oh, my (30jd! why didn't I leave my gun at home, like my wife said? Oh. Genevieve jwny didn't I follow your advice? .'TheSe words, uttered* by William 'Starkweather in the bunk house after he had shot and killed Osterm&n, were brought out in the testimony of Vin Spies, who was call ed to the stand by the state at 2:45 o'clock yesterday afternoon, shortly before the state rested. After a brief recess the prosecuting attorneys, S. L. Nuchols and H. L. Berry, opened their arguments. WHEAT ICRVOUS AT OAKS START Tl (Associated Press) Chicago, Dec. 22.—Wheat today opeed nervous and irregular, with prices from cents under to 1% cents over yesterday's close. A sharp trade quickly ensued. Traders seem ed perplexed in endeavors to inter pret the socalled peace situation. Trade in wheat today was very light, on account of the holiday proximity. December was not quoted. May un changed. July was down. Oats were dull. Provisions were higher. COL. BUFFALO BILL HAS FIGHTING CHANCE (By Associated Press.) Denver, Colo., Dec. 22.—Col. Wil liam F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) is seri ously ill at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Mary Decker, in Denver. He Is suffering from a nervous breakdown, complicated by a severe cold. De spite his 77 years, he has shown re markable recuperative powers, ac cording to his physician, and has a fighting chance to recover. KIDS HALT TRAIN TO GIVE NURSE A CHRISTMA8 GIFT U- LaMoure, N. D., Dec. 22.—Just as she was about to board the train on her vacation Journey to her home in Baltimore, a delega gatfon of schoolboys and school girls dashed up to Miss Mary Al berta Baker, county school nurse, and asked her "to hold on a min ute" as they had something to give her. The conductor of the train, about ready to yell "all-abo'd" paused about 60 seconds. The en gineer leaned his head out of the cab and looked toward the sta tion. A little holly-paper covered box was hurried to the waiting school nurse. She smiled a nod of appreciation and the train started. In the box was a gold wrist watch, a Christmas gift from the teachers and the pupils of the ru ral schools. RESUME OPERATIONS Ml TIGRIS RIVER AND IT THIRTY-SIXTH YEAB, MO. 303 UNITED PRESS BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, DEC. 22, 1916. ASSOCIATED PRESS E TO El Arish Most Important Point Taken in New Offensive in Canal Zone TURKISH FORCES ARE BEING FOUGHT DAILY Elaborate Preparations Taken to Protect Big Trade Art ery in Egypt (By Associated Press.) London, Dec. 22.—While winter weather is causing military opera tions on both sides of the fighting front to lag in features of interest, considerable activity is developing in sectors far enough south to admit of energtlc campaigning. On the Tigris, the British, after a long period ^iet, have recently cut over to Kiit-el-Amara on the south, and are continuing to atack the Turkish forces in that region, ev idently hoping to resume their long delayed march toward Bagdad. Capture El Arish. 'Now another field of activity is de manding attention with today's an nouncement by London that British forces have captured El Arish in 'Egypt, on the Mediterranean, 90 miles east of the Seuz canal. Little has been heard from the Egyptian operations for some time but the British are known to have been making somewhat elaborate preparation to protect the canal re gion from further incursion, such as that of last summer, and their de fensive lines have been pushed far out on the Sinai peninsula. Appar ently there has been a recent effort still further to extend the defensive scone, of which the capture of El Ar ish constitutes an important devel opment. SEVEN M.LIHI TRADE MARK IS PASSED (By United Press.) Washington, Dec. 22.—'Prospects of the United States foreign trade for this year passing $7,SW,000,000 are bright, the department of commerce announced today. Foreign trade in creased $11,000,000 in 30 days and the mark now stands $.148,000,000. FARMERS ARRESTED. (By Assocated Press.) Cleveland, O., Dec. 22.—Six farm ers living at Solon, near here, were indicted by the county grand jury for dumping milk in the embargo war which is in progress here between the Northern Ohio Producers' association and the Cleveland distributors. iAY BLOCK HE (By United Press.) Washington, Dec. 22.—Investigation of the large coal car shortage of the country, which is largely responsible for the high cost of living, is being rindered by eight large railroad sys tems, it was claimed today by the committee investigating the situation. or (United Press) Paris, Dec. 22.—Violent cannonad ing north of Verdun last night was re ported in the French official state ment. Elsewhere on the French front quiet reigned. An artillery duel reported begun near Monastir yester day was said today to be continuing without decision. After six months' bombardment the British have taken Erlish, on the Tur kish front, the war office announced today. GENU U-UMT IS MTEDIMKOOED (By Associated Press.) Paris, Dec. 22.—The German sub marine, U-45, has been sunk by de stroyers. according to a Manes dis patch. The U-45 recently sank steam ers off Saint N*azaire. 48-MILE WIND CARRIES STORM INTO CLEVELAND Cleveland, O., Dec. 22.—A blizzard, borne on a 48-mile gale, struck Cleve land today. Fears for the safety of steamers on Lake Erie were express el ••VV.:1jr£f. v'4$.' Location for ThatJ?istr ict Insti on S a id Butte and Billings SIX PLACES HAVE BEEN DECIDED UPON No Line on Location for North and South Dakota and Minn esota Section (Associated -Press) Washington, Dec. 22.—The federal farm loan board, considering 150 cities for locations for the 12 farm loan banks soon to be announced, is under stood to be paying special attention to the claims of Springfield, Mass., Baltimore, Charlotte, N. C„ New Or leans, Houston', Tex., and Hutcheson, Kan. Both Billings and Butte, Mont., are said to be receiving consideration for the proposed district of Montann and Wyoming. It is understood the board virtually has decided on the location of six banks and .that the other six, chiefly in the west, are undecided. Some complete announcement is expected within two weeks. PLANT BETTER Ready in Case of War To Turn Institution Over Exclusively to Federal Government '.:t (United Pre4b) New York, Dec. 22.—-If the United States should enter war, the Bethle hem Steel Company plant, regarded as greater than the Krunp Gj.11 Works of Germany, would be turn ed over to the government of the Unit ed States, Charles Schwab, manager of the plant, said today in an address before the Lotus club. He said that his plant 1b capable of turning out 1,000,000 rounds of am munition monthly, and that its effi ciency in producig other muitions is 60 percent higher than that of the famous Krupp Gun Works. A8AND0NE0 BABY TO HAVE HOIE- Master Paul Raymond Ward, three weeks-old infant abandoned on the back porch of the George Will resi dence Monday evening about !):3d o'clock, is going to have a home. A petition wis filed with the clerk of the district court yesterday by Wil liam G. Hoffner and his wife, Ida B. Hoffner, of Solen, N. D., for the adop tion of the child. The mother has consented. Early this afternoon, the mother, 21 years, and her sister, 25 years, ap peared in the district court chambers and changed their pleas from guilty to not guilty and asked Judge Nuessle, through their attorney, H. E. O'Hare, accept them. The judge refused to acquiesce, stating that to do so would provide for the imposing of a fine for a felony and believing that the young ladies had more than shared their burdens of trouble, released them on their own cognizance. He requested that the mother ap pear at the hearing on the adoption of the baby which will be held some time next month. EL BOWS ARE RECOVERED FROM WICHITA BLAZE Wichita, Kan., Dec. 22.—Five bodies had been recovered from the $500,000 fire at the Masonic home this after noon. Firemen were searching at a late hour in the rapidly freezing 18 inches of water, in the basement of the home, for more bodies. FIFTEEN CONVICTS AT LIBERTY UNTO. AFTER NEW YEAR Lansing, Kan., Dec. 22.—Fifteen convicts of the Kansas state peni tentiary today walked from their cells to freedom to spend Christ mas at their homes. The men are bound by their honor, but not by any guard, to come back to the penal institution January 2. One will go to Galveston, Tex., for Christmas. SISTER AND BROTHER TAKE HIGH HONORS LaMoure, N, D„ Dec. 22.— The honors in the first of the series of contests to be held 'by the Loyal Temperance league took place at the Meth odist church this week. Mas- S* ter Dwight and litle .Ruth Hoi «9» bert succeeded in winning first honors. Dwight was judged S best in vocal and his sister, Ruth, best in declamation. Peace Note Riles British Press Hostile English Censors Delay Publica tion of Note for Period of Twenty-four Hours PUBLIC SENTIMENT QUIETS AFTER CONTENTS SOAK IN One Eidtor Declares Document Means Strife Between United States and Great Britain BECOMES BITTER. London, Dec. 22.—The more England digests the Wilson peace note, the more bitter she feels toward America for what she considers the first step in in tervention in the war. This be came apparent this afternoon from the afternoon paper editori al comment. (United Press) London, Dec. 22.—The government's wisdom in permitting President Wil son's pface note to soak 24 hours be fore permitting its publication became apparent today. Such a restriction saved the torrent of bitter resentment toward America. The press today, however, was unanimous in deploring the action of President Wilson. Bitter Resentment. Comments ranged from pained stir prises at the action to bitter resent ment for the deed. This resentment, however, was not so bitter as it would have bieen had the note been immed iately published. Demonstrating that, was the com ment of one editor before the note was published, saying: "This means strife between the United States and England. It is the worst possible blow to the Allies." That editor was silent today. iNo Statement Yet. The British government will make no statement at present in regard to President Wilson's peace note, con sidering it a question that can be dealt with only in communication with the other members of the En tente. This was announced in the house of commons today by Bonar Law. "It must bo obvious tihat It is a question that can only be dealt with in communication with our allies, and that it is absolutely impossible to make a statement now," he said. A dispatch from The Hague says it. is announced semiofficially that should the Entente Allies, in their re ply to the peace proposal of the Cen tral Powers leave the door open for negotiations, Germany will make known her chief peace terms only. AN INTERLOCUTOR. Edinburgh, Dec. 22.—President Wil son is declared to have placed him self in a position of an interlocutor on the side of Germany, by the Scots man, which in an editorial comment ing on the president's note, says: "President Wilson has hitherto ob served a reticence which he maintain ed when the small nations he is now so concerned about were suffering un paralleled wrong." "What motive can have prompted him to throw aside that peculiarly prudent reserve just at a moment when his action was most likely to be misunderstood? It is strange that no one among his counsellors had the wit to see the intervention at this juncture immediately following the maneuvers of Berlin and before the Entente powers had time to deal for mally with that movement, run the extreme risk of being misconstrued." BERLIN RECEIVES NOTE. (Uited Press) Washington, Dec. 22.—American Charge d'Affairs Drew, Berlin, today reported having received Wilson's peace note. TRSPTTO THIS WEEK (United Press) Dallas, Dec. 22.—None of the 116,000 militia men will move before the first of next week. These men are of the contingent ordered home early this week, and of whom some were sche duled to move today. This statement regarding delays was made by railroad officials having charge of the equip ment for moving the men. The state ment predicts some delay in the First North Dakota regiment getting away from the border, it was believed here today. TRIBUNE Secretary of State Tones Down His First Assertions After Seeing President Wilson WHAT IS MEANT BY ON VERGE OF WAR? This Nation Makes First Step in Vigorous Move Toward a World Peace ASK PROBE. Washington, Dec. 22.—Congres sional investigation of "conflict ing interpretations" placed upon the Wilton peace note by the state department to determine whether any one high in administration or relatives profited from resultant market fluctuations, was asked in a resolution by Wood, Indiana Re publican. It was referred to the judiciary committee. (By United Press.) Washington, Dec. 22.—Recovering from yesterday's history making events, officials here today looked to European belligerents for* the next peace move. They noted with satis faction that the trend of comment from Europe following the president's note had toned down considerably to day. Even diplomatic circles here today had softened the trend of their comment. No Real Gloom. No real gloom pervaded official cir cles, today in view of the recent bit ter European comment on the note. On the other hand, it was pointed out that accurate soundings on the Euro pean governments' overtures on Wil son's note would not be known for several days. At that time, it was be lieved in official circles, a responsive chord will have been found in Euro pean countries. Considerable Confusion. Just what lays behindT Secretary Lansing's two announcements of yes terday, one qualifying the other, ia not known here today. Officials and diplomats here had n^tchpd thqp$. conclusions .however: President Wilson has made the first step in what may be a more vigorous step looking toward peace. He has warned all belligerents that they must not take any action In a final desperate blow to bring about peace on their terms, which would lot peril the best interests of the United, JStates. Lansing's Statements. Early yesterday Secretary Lansing said: "I mean by that (referring to a statement regarding President Wil son's note to the belligerents), that we are drawing near the verge of war ourselves, and, therefore, we are en titled to know exactly what each bel ligerent seeks in order that we may regulate our conduct in the future." After a conference with President Wilson, later in the day, Lansing said: "I have learned from several quarters that a wrong Impression was made by the statement I made this morning. did not intend to inti mate that the government was con sidering any change in its policy of neutrality which it has consistently pursued in the face of constantly in creasing difficulties." Diplomats in Washington were as tounded by statements made by Lan sing yesterday. E AT THE OPENING (Associated Press) Recovering from the clash of yes terday, stocks regained some of their strength today upon King George's address to parliament. United States Steel was up 5% to 106% today. CASE WILL BE FIRST HEARD BY NEW COURT The mothers' pension test suit brought to supreme court from Cass county has been advanced for hearing January 2 and it will be the first case heard by the new supreme court. This action has been taken in order that should the new supreme court find the present mothers' pension act un constitutional, as is claimed by the plaintiff in this action, necessary legis lation to give the law constitutionality may be adopted by the incoming legis lature. Home Edition FIVE aims EYES CENTER Officials Await Reception of Notes in All of the Foreign Capitals UNITED STATES HOPES TO BE CLEARING HOUSE Entente Diplomats Ease Fear of Friction in Conference With State Department TO CONSIDER IT. Washington, Dec. 22.—For the very same reason that England and her allies did not flatly turn down the German peace proposals, they will not flatly turn down President Wilson's peace sugges tion. This was confidently stated by a high diplomatic official here to the United Press today. England, it was said, does net care officially and formally to re* Ject Wilson's suggestion because such an action would play Into Germany's hands, since Germany has reiterated her frequent state* ments that the Entente allies are responsible for prolonging the war. (Associated Press) Washington, Dec. 22.—With the pur* pose of President Wilson's note to the belligerents clarified by official state ments on the subject, the attention of the United States has turned to the re ception of the note in the foreign capi tals. Eagerly Watching. Diplomats here are eagerly watch ing for indications of whether t|ie European neutrals will follow the le*d of the United States and make a sim ilar appeal to the warring powers. There is a growing feeling that the United States hopes to become the clearing house for .views, and possibly for terms of the belligerents. Several of the diplomats have advised their government to that effect in order to guide them In their replies. Are Surprised. Surprise at the fast growing stgaM* cance of the president's move' IS ex pressed on all sides, which pblfit oit that at first the opinion prevailed that the note itself was merely a "feeler," and that the most immediately con templated effect was the receipt ot some sort of delineation from the var ious warring nations. That the presi dent should let it be known indirectly to the diplomats for their guidance that he went even further than that, and counted on an absolutely frank reply from the belligerents which should lead to an actual opening for negotiations, proved only less surpris ing than the actual note itself. Not Pro-German Move. Indications that Entente diplomats would advise their governments to re ply to the president's note in a friend ly spirit proved a source of gratifica tion today, as it was pointed out both in the note Itself and in Secretary Lansing's explanation that one of the dangers was that the Allies would con strue the step as a pro-German move. Every effort was made to remove this impression. Secretary Lansing's two statements. Issued yesterday, were today forward ed to American diplomatic representa tives in European nations. Free Hand. The president is to have a free hand in his peace negotiations with bellig erent powers, according to congres sional action today. Both houses today refused to take any action in his re cent peace move, until after the holi days at least. Representative Bailey, Pennsylva nia, today introduced a resolution into the house, calling upon that body to Im mediately endorse and approve the president's action In sending a peace note to belligerent nations. DELIVERED TO BRIAND. (By Associated Press.) Paris, Dec. 22.—William Graves Sharpe, the American ambassador to France, delivered personally to Pre mier E'riand, between 7 and 8 o'clock last night. Secretary of State Lans ing's note to the belligerent powers. Paris newspapers this evening print the note textually. 1 New York, Dec. 22—A sharp inter est was roused at today's stock mar ket opening, stocks rising three to ten points over yesterday's final quota tions. Reasons for the rally were found in overnight developments which placed more favorable con struction on international affairs. United States Steel was again the cen ter of interest, opening with 25,000 shares at 104 to 104%, and extreme gain of 3% points. Rails were higher by one to almost five points. I "PRESIDENTIAL COCOANUT." (Associated Press) London, Dec. 22.—The Globe today comments on President Wilson's ote. which commetn is made in a satirical vei. under the head of "What Is tto matter with him." "We sincerely hope that President Wilson is not unwell," says the Globe. "But we find ow selves doubtful as to his physical well being." The newspaper proceeds to ask hether the president ever has heard „r what the Germans did in Belgium, and Serbia, and confesses that it flads itself unable to believe he knows theee things when he "describes the Cen tral powers as desirous of securing small states against aggression. The high cost of living is said to be hittlag the average American very bard In deed, which may account in some measure for the milk of humanity kindness in the presidential coco* nut." COLDEST DAY OF SEASON AT CHICAGO TWO BGLOW Chicago, Dec. 22.—This was the coldest day of the season ^re, the official temperature being two below zero. Eleven below was noted at Danville, southern Illinois.