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*1 •a .. £fA\ VT W The Weather Colder Tonight. Record 36-1LE WIND Zero Wave Punning With 10 Below by Tomorrow Morn ing Predicted 1 800 TRAIN STALLED NEAR WA8HBURN, N. D. Seventeen Inches Snow on Ground —Eleven Inches Falling in 36 Hours WORST IN 48 YEARl The United States weather bu reau late this afternoon gave out the information that the storm which reached the proportions of a blizzard is the worst ever known in point of snowfall with wind since the weather station was es tablished here 48 years ago. The Northern Pacific branch line trains out of Mandan are be ing held there. With the blizzard showing no sign of abatement at 5 o'clock, it will probably mean a tie-up of all traffic for a few days. The Capitol street car line has not operated its car today. Taxis and automobiles this afternoon used the side-walks in places where snow was too deep to buck. There is no traffic from the downtown district to the capitol building. Eighteen inches of snow was re ported late today on the level, an inch falling since noon. The Western Union office an nounces tnat all messages for all points west of Chicago, includ ing the RopKy mountain states and the Pacific'coast, are taken subject to delay. Growing hourly in density and in tensity and yith a zero wave pur suing, blizeafd, which is general over the northwest, is sweeping across this section of the state, pro pelled by a 3&inile an hour gale. Warnings were sent out early by Or ris W. Roberts, government observer here, to livestock dealers, railroads and rural mail carriers. A tempera ture of ten degrees below by tomor row morning is predicted. Train Stalled Near Washburn. •North Soo passenger train No. 260, eastbound ,from Minot and due in Bis marck at 5:60 o'clock yesterday af ternoon, is snow bound near Wash burn. Two snow plows have been dis patched to the vicin ity and were this af ternoon fighting for its release. It was stated by officials ot the Soo at the noon hour that the storm showed no signs of abatement and it was impossible to ptatfe With any de gree of accuracy when the train would be able to reach here. All other trains on the Soo have been annulled. The Northern Pacific seemed to toe operating its trains on a schedule more effective tfca^$kjjBt Wteek. Train No. 3 arrived- at' 3 o'clock iNo. 7 at 4 o'clock No. 8 at 2:50, and No. 4 at 5 o'clock. No report had been re ceived on No. 2. 11 Inches of Snow Have Fallen. Starting at 1:30 o'clock Monday morning, snow to the depth of 11 inches has fallen in S6 hours, making a to(al precipitation of 27.1 inches to date for December, which is a record here for the month. The wind velocity increased from 15 miles an hour at 7 o'clock, to 36 miles an hour as reported at noon, or an increase of 21 miles in velocity in five hours. Reports reaching the government station were to the ef fect that the storm was growing in fury. Recall Storm 20 Years Ago. The great bilzzard which Swept the state in November, 20 years ago. last ing from the 24th to the 27th, inclus ive. when 10.4 inches of snow fell nthe four days, is surpassed by the storm which began early yesterday morning, bringing 11 inches of snow fall in just 36 hours, with the fall continuing heavily at the thirty-sixth hour. I: At noon the government observa tory reported that a temperature of 20 below hung over the northern part of Montana and the southern portion of Alberta, and was following the storm area, which at 1 o'clock was centered over 'North Dakota and mov ing eastward. This cold wave is ex pected to envelop the state toward night or tomorrow morning. Two Above at Noon. Thfc official leading at 12 o'clock was 2 above, and at 7 o'clock this morning 3 above. The lowest last (Continued on page"two.) —0— —0— —0— -0- -0- —0 Luxury Spree To See Old Year Vanish America Intoxicated With Money Reels Through Last Days of 1916 TELEPHONE GIRL SEES $18,000 MELT AWAY One Steel Magnate Writes #,Off $1,900,000 as Loss in Recent Slump New York, Dec. 26.—America is in toxicated! Intoxicated with money! Wle are reeling through the last days of 1916 in an extravagant luxury spree unparalleled in all world his tory! "The fact is," says an observer, "your Uncle Sam is actually as light headed from over-indulgence in gold as he .would be if he'd imbibed too freely of the golden lijquid that flows these nights in the champagne chat eaux of Broadway!" While the prosperity fever is na tion-wide, it has come to a head in New York, the world's money center. And recent whirlwinds in Wlall street, the money center of New York, are declared to have revealed in a start ling manner the extent of the reck less extravagance sweeping America. Nothing short of tlie peace propos als of Germany and the consequent partial collapse in Wall street could have so sharply shown up the golden skeleton of our .prosperity. The re cent slump was like the caving-in of a small portion of a great palace, re-' vealing an amazing cross-section of wealth, luxury and extravagance with in In that peace proposal flurry for tunes were lost, two men died be side the tickers in biokers* offices, lire times as many shares were trad ed In the week of the excitement as in the corresponding week of 1915! But the fortunes lost we're merely a drop out of a bucket of wealth. The big losses simply served to uncover how the millions made in America in the last two years are being spent, without even slowing down the spend ing! Several paper fortunes of over a million were reduced to less than $100,000 in a couple of lioura. A young broker who had made $120,000 in war brides was put suddenly $15 000 into the hole! A leading steel man wrote off $1,'900,0'00 from his .profits in United States Steel! Fortunes Melt Away. A girl telephone operator who had built up $800 into $18,000 and was liv ing a luxurious bachelor girl life on $200 a week income, lost everything and is now in a sanitarium with nerv ous prostration. A curb broker, caught short, tried to sell his $1400 car for $500 cash! Losses Not Felt. The significance of these figures is said to be in the fact that the losses have hardly ibeen felt! They simply disclose in startling fashion the amaz ing scope of America's war-made for tunes, and of Wall street's gambling. The stage is already 'being set for more speculative sprees on the stock exchange. The money madness grows fiercer still, and New York's holiday extravagance booms along, greater than ever, to the joy of mer chants, hotel keepers, restaurateurs and theatre managers. The important' feature which econ- "(Continued on page two.)" WAIEBSlFBEACH IS NAIED REV Mill! Appointee Is Rancher and Inter ested in Golden Valley Coun ty Financial Institution HAS RESIDED IN STATE FOR FIFTEEN YEARS Fargo, N. D„ Dec. 26.—J. R. Waters, of Beach, former Grand Forks resi dent, engaged in the farm and loan business and interested in the Golden Valley County State bank, will be the new bank examiner of the state of North Dakota, succeeding J. G. John son. Mr. Waters was tendered the ap pointment by Lynn J. Frazier, gover nor-elect, and has already indicated he will accept. Mr. Waters has resided in North Da kota for 15 years, living at Grand Forks and Minot prior to his residence in Beach. He owns a thousand-acre ranch near Beach, where he is active ly engaged in stock raising. He is a member of the El Zagel temple of Shriners, and is a Dickinson lodge Elk. -0- Snow United States Issues Partial Ulti matum To Head of De Facto Government (Associated Press) Washington, Dec. 26.—Unless Car ranza returns a favorable answer to the last communication made to his commissioners by the Ameircan repre sentatives a week ago at Philadelphia, the negotiations will come to an end. The Mexican commissioners will meet at New York today, and if Car ranza has sent to them his answer, it is expected Luis Cabrera, chairman of the Mexican delegation, will forward it immediately to Secretary Lane, chairman of the American section. When the joint Mexican-American commission reconvened at Philadel phia, Alberto J. Pani, the Mexican commissioner who carried the proto col signed at Atlantic City to Quere tero for the ratification of General Carranza, he submitted a counter pro posal. It was, in effect, a rejection of the agreement entered into by the commissioners and Ihe substitution of another protocol which had been drafted by the Mexican commissioners at the direct'on ,pf Carranza. The Aemr.'cans replied in a written communication saying they could not conside the counter protocol and in sisted the agreement already made must either bp ratified or rejected definitely. Some aspect of an ultima tum was £iven thee communication by the insistence that, an answer would be expected by December 26. NO ORDERS GIVEN. 'Washington, Doc. 20.—No order lias been issued by the war department to the American forces for any ac tion in event of Carranza refusing to sign the troop withdrawal protocol, it was stated at the war department to day. It was stated that in event of the first chief's refusal to sign, the agreement that 75,000 more militia men might ibe sent to the border. NO WORD RECEIVED. (By Associated Press.) New York, Dec. 26.—The Mexican members of the joint commission had received no word from General Car ranza regarding the American com munication up to 1:1") o'clock this af ternoon, it was stated 'iere by Luis Cabrera. SAND STORMS. El Paso, Dec. 26.—National guards men at the border today witnessed their worst sandstorm suffered in this vicinity. The storm was at its height yesterday, with no abatement today. Temperatures dropped sharply since Sunday. Dense sand blowing spoiled many Christmas dinners. PRICES HARDEN. (Associated Press) New York, Dec. 2«.—Stock prices gradually hardened today on the publi cation of Germany's renewal of peace overtures. THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE THIRTY-SIXTH YEAS, NO. 3Q& UNITED PRESS BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, TUESDAY DEC. 26, 1916. ASSOCIATED PRESS FIVE CENTS Rejects One Framed by Commis- That Is Rumor in Italian Capital sion and Substiutes One of His Own Today but No Confirmation Could Be Had NEGOTIATIONS MAY NOT TO BE OPENED UNLESS COME TO AN END ENTENTE DEMAND TERMS Believed Wilson Acted as Result of Secret Diplomaoy—Kaiser To See Gerard (United Press) Rome, Dec. -26,—Germany has hand ed to the world's neutrals representa tis at Rome, through .whom she com municated the last peace note she sent to the Entente allies, a sealed package in which are the terms ui»on which she would make peace, accord ing to an unconfirmed rumor current here today. The package is to be opened, and its contents made known to Germany's enemies, in case her enemies actually and specifically ask for the terms up on which Germany would consider peace. Otherwise, the package is to be returned unopened. No comment upon the reported package \vas to be had at the Vatican today. Upon President Wilson's peace pro posal, officials today refused to com ment. The Italian press still thinks some secret diplomacy^, was respon sible for President Wils«*'s move. To Confer With Kaiser. American Ambassador Gerard was due to have a conference with Kaiser Wilhelm late this afternoon, accord ing to Berlin dispatches received at Amsterdam. The same dispatches al so reported that thekaiser had invit ed Dr| W. E. Deberlacde, Swiss min ister, to a conference at the German palace. It is presumed that tho object, of the conference was discussion of the Wil son peace note, in which Switzerland has now joined. PEACE TERMS DISCUSSED. Potrograd, Dec. 26.—Discussing the fisrt forthcoming reply to the peace proposals, the Rech says: "The official reply cannot state that, the Entente allies' aim to bring the Turkish empire to an end in order to remove forever German aims of world dominion, or that the allies will de mand reorganization of Austria-Hun garq in order to make impossible the fulfillment of German ideas regarding Central Europe, which forms the first step in progress for world power." ITALY NOT AFFECTED. (Associated Press) Rome, Dec. 26—The feeling of peace in the air has not affected in the slight est measure Italy's military activities. The new class, those born in 1898, has been called to report to the colors January 1, which will considerably in crease the contingent available for the front, while 2,500 factories are running day and night turning out arms ad munitions. But at the peaks of Tretino, to the shores of the Adriatic, Christmas pass ed in vigilant watching, varied in some spots by sudden attacks, not unmixed with fearful weather conditions. Snow in the mountains is 15 feet deep. Biggest Three in World Crisis Today! Kaiser Wilbelm President Wilson Lloyd George Traditions Brushed Aside By Wilson Note Marks Entrance of United States as Leader in World Affairs Says Gardner THROWS HAT INTO EUROPEAN RING Precedents Are Not Considered in Action To Force State* ment of Peace Terms By GILSON GARDNER. Washington, Dec. 26.—That the United iStates intends to sit in at the world's ipeace conference whenever that may :be held, is the outstanding significance of President Wilsons ad dress to the powers. This address is an anomaly in the diplomatic world. It is neither offi cial nor unofficial. It is like a good many other things in this world war situation it established a new prece dent. Old Method. Mediation used to tbe the method by which warring powers got togeth er. A powerful neutral nation would serve as a medium through which the warring powers would match up their ideas as to settlement. This is what took place when Roosevelt got the (Russian and Japanese ambassa dors together as a preliminary' to the Portsmouth conference, which work ed out the details of the peace be tween these nations. Deals Directly. Theoretically ambassadors of war ring nations do not speak to each oth er and thoretically there is no com munication 'between warring nations. That tradition and make-believe have broken doiwn. Germany smashed it the other day by dealing directly with her enemies. The German offer of peace was as unusual in the diplomatic world as a flash of lightning out of a summer sky. Such a thing never had been be fore. It was a recognition that the age of sailing vessels had passed and Continued on Page Three) IT LAST IAS IK TRENCHES (United Press) Paris, Dec. 26.—French soldiers»cel ebrated Christmas with the absolute conviction that they will spend Christ mas 1917 at their own homes. On the Somme, recent victories, these men think, will make "peace on earth, good will toward men," an ab solute certainty. At Belfort, the French soldiers spent Christmas de fending their first line trenches against German attacks. There the older men in the trenches think their age will give them a super iority over the enemy. Hundreds of. regimental letter car riers worked overtime distributing mail in the trenches and made them selves veritable Santa Clauses. Min isters delivering Christmas morning sermons said that fighting might be necessary to carry out Christian ideals when fighting was done against those who had made the carrying out of Christian ideals impossible. —0- —0— —0— -0— —0— —0— —0— Ties up Traffic in State GERMAN GENERAL IS DANGEROUSLY ILL GENE0AL ^VSNSISSI NO Gen. von iBissing has been tempor arily replaced at Brussels as German governor general of Belgium, pending recovery from a dangerous attack of pneumonia. Steamer Maryland Reported Sinking About 380 Miles Off Sandy Hook NATIONALITY OF CRAFT NOT KNOWN AS YET (Associated Press) New York, Dec. 20.—The coastwise steamship City of Savanna and the coast gu:ud cutter Acu.shet, today hur ried to the assistance of the steamship Maryland which wired shortly after midnight, stating thai she was sink ing and asking immediate aid. The Maryland gave her position at about oSO miles east of Sandy Hook. Wireless Out of Commission. Since the first call for help, which was picked up by wireless stations in this city and at the naval station at Newport News, R. I., no further word has been received from the Maryland, and it is believed the vessel's wireless has been put out of commission, ow ing to the flooding of the engine room, and consequent lack of power. Two of Same Name. Although two steamships named Maryland are listed in the maritime register, one a British vessel of 2,962 tons, and the other an American of 1,892 tons, it is believed it is the lat ter vessel in distress off the coast. The American ship left Philadelphia Dec. 23 for London with a cargo of oil, iron pipe, paper and miscellaneous merchandise. She was owned by the New York, Philadelphia and Norfolk Railroad company. Philadelphia, Dec. 26.—The steam er, Maryland, which sailed from here last Saturday for London, and is re ported sinking, is owned by the Crew Levik company of this city, and for years was engaged in trade on the Great Lakes. She was brought here last September from the lakes and overhauled for the transatlantic trade. The Maryland is 31® feet long, 42 feet beam, and has a depth of 20 feet. She carried a crew of 34. FOUR TO AID. (United Press) New York, Dec. 26.—Four vessels were today rushing to the aid of the steamship Maryland, believed to be the American registered vessel by that name, which is sinking off Sandy Hook. Wireless dlispatches today said that tlie Maryland's engine room is being flooded. She carried a cargo of oil, iron and paper. The scene of the re ported sinking is in the vicinity of the recent activities of the U-53. So serious has the coast guard ser vice grown to consider the plight of the steamer Maryland that the cutter Greshan has been ordered to her re lief. NO INFORMATION. (United Press) Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 26.—Phil Le vik & Company, reported owners of the steamer Maryland, said they did not have any information from their Maryland, but that they thought it was the British Maryland, not theirs, in danger. NO WORD RECEIVED. (Uited Press) Boston, Dec. 26.—The difficulties of locating the Maryland will be increas ed unless she C3n inform her search ers of her location, maritime men to day said. Nothing had been received from her here, it was said this after noon. .'"• Home Edition BELLIGERENTS REQUEST NATIONS IT PEACETO ACT Teutons Acting for Central Pow« ers Present Plan for Entente Consideration WILSON S MOVE IS REGARDED AS FRIENDLY! Believed Non-Warring Countries Will Aid in Ending Terrible Struggle $ (United Press) Washington, Dfec. 26.-—The hasty answer given by Germany to President Wilson's peace note, to* day lead officials to various com menti. Some were pleased by the early response. They say that the response argues well toward the good of the cause because Of Germany's immediate answer. Others, however, were discour aged by the tone of the answer given by Germany. They said that the reply dodged the United States' request for a specific an swer upon what terms she would consider peace. These officials thought that the Entente allies would not consider negotiations unless some more specific terms were mentioned. Berlin, Dec. 20, Germany, proposes a meeting' of diplomatic representatives of all belligerent powers in a note transmitted tcj America today. Diplomatic representatives 'V- of. the United States in Constantino ople, Vienna and Sofia were sim-* iiltnneously given copies of th.0 lioie. Tt read: FRIENDLY TONE "The American note has beert received and 1ms been considered in the same friendly spirit that prompted its being sent. Presi-« dent Wilson lias pointed ont what he has in his heart and he leaves it, to Ihe Imperial government tq decide regarding action. Pleased to Co-operate. "The imperial government of Ger» many therefore proposes an immedl* ate meeting of all diplomatic repre sentatives of belligerents. This gov* ernment will be pleased to cooper* ate." The note ends with the usual diplo* (Continued on page two.) .•it. FEW WAR MOVES OF IMPORTANCE ARE REPORTED (United Press) London, Dec. 26.—Practical destine* tion of enemy positions at Xaghbadah, Egypt, with the taking or 1,360 prls* oners, was reported In the statement issued here today. Russian attacks in the Carpathian^ were repulsed, today's official state ment said. On the lower Stoshud rir« er artillery fire continued. Germans and Austro-Hungarlanfl storming Touscalnary on the Walls* wachia plain during the last few days, have taken 5.500 Russian prisoners* the German war office statement said today. The Teutons also stormed 811* istra. ,1 Raid Straits. Four Austro-Hungarian destrojrerf raided the Otranto straits the night of December 22 and 23. Repeated repulse of British patrot attacks on the western front was re* ported. Some artillery engagement! near 'Ypres and west of Lens, were it* ported. Artillery engagements in the vlda* ity of Lehoines, on the western front* were reported in today's official state* ment. Many Prisoners. Five thousand, five hundred and four prisoners have been ta!ren by the Teutonic Allies in Rumania, the war office announced today. Tl\e town of Filipechti, on the railroad between Buezu and Brailai, was captured at the point of the bayonet. Strongly entrenched Russian posit.ons on both sides of the village were stormed, the statement adds. Great losses by the enemy on the Prussian front, and in the irinity. of Sellahie were reported a- Turkish official statement transmitted here to day.