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The Weather Pair and Warmer. TH1R1Y-8EVENTH YEAR, NO. 80 Join Forces in Mesopotamia North of Bagdad Where Russian Cavalry Occupies Towns. FRENCH RECONNOITER IN REGION OF ST. QIIENTIN Gernans Strongly Reinforce Putting Up Stiff Resistance Before City. British and Russian patrols have got into touch with each other in Mesopotamia, according to a state ment made to the Associated Press today by Major General P. B. Maur ice, chief director of military opera tions at the London war office. .Russian cavalry has occupied the Mesopotamian frontier towns of Ka hanikin and Kasrichlrinm, says ^n official Petrograd statement. New German Lines. On the western front, French re connoitering parties advanced last night north of Gauchy and Moy in the region south of St. Quentin until they reached new German lines, which they found to be occupied shrongly, Paris reports. A German attack northwest of Rheims was re pulsed. The capture of the villages of Ronssoy and Basse-Boulogne, in the sector northeast of Perrone was an nounced by the British war office. Sheds More Light On the German Plot Representative Miller Reads Unpub lished Paragraph From Zini mertnann Note. FI/AXJiED TO ESTABLISH BASE IN MEXICAN PORT Washington, April 6.—iRepresenta tlve Miller of Thiluth, iM'inn., Republi can member of the foreign affairs committee, sprang a surprise during the discussion of the war resolution in the house today, by holding that an unpublished paragraph of the Zim mermann note offered to establish a submarine base in a Mexican port, supply iMtexico with unlimited quanti ties of arms and ammunition and send German reservists in the United States to Mexico. •Representative Miller further said he understood three German schoon ers had landed on the western coast of Mexico, and that Villa was sur rounded by German officers, who had taken charge of the drilling of his men. Reliable information, he said, also was that the Carranza army was "not much better." The unpublished portion of the Zimmerman not, iMr. Miller quoted as follows: "Agreeably to the Mexican govern ment, submarine ibases will be estab lished at Mexican ports, from which will be supplied armsi, ammunition, and supplies. AH reservists are or dered into Mexico^ Arrange to at tack all along the border." CONTAINED NOTHING OF SORT, SAYS LANSING Washington, April 5.—When Repre sentative Miller's statement was shown to Lansing, the secretary of State said the Zimmermann note con tained nothing of the sort. Fl Rome, April 6.—The world's food crop is deficient and the situation is becoming alarming, according to David Lubin, American representa tive to the International Institute of Agriculture. Mr. Lubin i$ liere to re port the fact to President Wilson, through Ambassador Page, and is urging the imperative necessity of a mobilization of American agricultur al resources. GEORGE WILL PILOT ASHLEY BASEBALL TEAM (Special to Tribune.) Ashley, .N. D., April M. J. George was elected manager of the Ashley baseball team at the meeting held yesterday. M. J. ffiwemmle will fill the office of treasurer, and A. R. Rudow, secretary. SINK HOSPITAL SHIPS. London. April 5.—Six hospital strips have been torpedoed or mined by the Central Powers since the be ginning of the war, Thomas J. Mac namara, financial secretary of the ad miralty, stated today in tlae house of cotrirnons. In consequence, he added, -M7 Uvea have been lost and 73 per sonsikjnred. HOUSE TO JOIN North Dakota Guardsmen to Fort Lincoln Bismarck Designated as Mobiliza tion Point For Soldiers From This State. North Dakota troops will be mobil ized at Fdrt Lincoln in the event war is formally declared and con-* gress seconds President Wilson's call for 500,000 men. North Dakota's quota of this half million levy, it is thought, will not exceed one regiment, If the appor tionment is made on the basis of con gressional representation. This would mean, it is believed, the immediate mustering in of a second regiment of infantry, with hospital and red cross auxiliaries. Fort Lin coln, it is reported, will be placed in condition for the reception of either one or two regiments, and it will1 be designated as the point of mobiliza tion for both the First and the Sec ond regiment, should concentration be ordered. Mustering Officer. Capt. B. F. Ristine, U. S. A., regu lar army instructor-inspector attach ed to the North Dakota national guard, has been designated federal mustering officer for this state. Cap tain Ristine will muster in first the companies in the immediate neigh borhood of Bismarck. Dr. F. B. Strauss, lieutenant in the medical re serve, is assigned with Captain Ris tine for this duty, and he will look after the physical examination of re cruits. The First battalion already is in federal service, and the mustering in process will be merely a formality, so far as it is concerned. American Y. M. C. A. Doing Great Work for War PriBonefs in Europe By MILTON BRONNER. New York, April 5.—When the full story of the European war is finally written, there will be no more glor ious chapter than that which deals with the work the American Y. M. C. A. did in alleviating the tedium, the gloom, the boredom of the camps all over Europe in which the war ring nations confined their (soldiet prisoners of war. Deliberate Opinion. This is the deliberate opinion of several Americans who have recent ly come out of Russia and who for diplomatic reasons do not want to be quoted. Early in the war, the Y. M. C. A. sought permission to labor in the prison camps, and after delicate and protracted negotiations Americans were permitted by all belligerents to undertake the task. In Russia, 18 Americans supervise the Y. M. C. A. work' in camps scat tered all over the empire, in which 1,500,000 prisoners are held. My informants are the first to re veal the vast seizures of lighting men the Russians have made. The camps hold about 200,000 Turks, upwards of a million members of the Austro Hungarian army, besides Germans and Bulgarians. Great numbers of men from Alsace Lorraine, forced** into the German army, were sent to the east front to fight the Russians. When captured, they insisted they were Frenchmen, not Germans, and arrangements were made to send them back to the west ern front to fight under the French colors. In most warring countries the prison camps are very large, guard ed by numbers of troops, barbed wire barriers and other safeguards against escape. In Russia the campa are smaller, and dotted all over the em pire from Petrograd to furthermost Siberia. Mingle With Town Folk. In some towns and villages in Si beria the prisoners were permitted to mingle freely all day with the town folk, only being required to re port back at night. The only in stance of trouble was in Turkestan, where some German prisoners sought to arouse the fanatic wild Moslem tribes. Russian prison camps vary all the way from regular big brick barracks, formerly occupied by Russian regi ments, down to log cabins and sod* houses like those in our west. Under international law, captured officers receive a money allowance out of which they buy clothing and food. Common soldiers get food and cloth ing free. Meals run like this: Breakfast. Coffee and Bread. Lmheoa. Soup, Qbffee, Bread. Dinner. Tea, Bread, a Little Meat and Some Vegetables. American Y. M. C. A. workers en roll all who wish to form a Y. M. C. A., and arrange houses where the prisoners can get writing mater ial free of charge. All letters, nnder international law, are sent postage free, the envelopes being marked "Prisoner of War." The American takes the letters to Continued on Page HUN) I J& 7 AASW IS 10 ASSIST PUZZLES ALLIES Much Speculation in British Army Over Part United States is to Play in the War. BELIEVED MEN SHOULD BE SENT TO EUROPE Would Take at Least Six Months to Train Men for Work in the Army. (From a staff correspondent of the Associated Press)—British Headquar ters in France, via London* April 6: There Is much speculation 1n the British army as to what assistance America might render the Allies. Regardless of what theorists say, practical fighting men here believe that the United States would want to have representations with the Allied army on this front and would send over a considerable fighting force within six months, providing the war lasts that long. New Armies, One basis for this belief is that both Germany and Great Britain are fighting with new armies, Britain be cause she did not have any great army in the European sense before the war began, and Germany because her forces are largely made up of classes called to the colors in 1914, a large proportion having only five months' training. It i3 generally figured now that a good soldier can be made within six months. The or ganization behind the fighting force must be built up by genius, but it is thought here that America can easily meet that emergency. It is also argued in army circles that America might well specialize in such branches as aviation and ma chine gun detachments. London, April -5 —'The Belgian steamer, Trevier, frrini iNtew York, with Belgian relief supplies, was tor pedoed without warning bn Wednes day. While the boats of the Trevier were •being lowered, the submarine fired on them, severely wounding the captain and several of tlio crew. CARDINAL GASQUET ENDORSES WILSOiy By ARTHUR G. EMPEY. (Copyright, 1917, by The Newspa per Enterprise Association.) In My Dugout, "Somewhere In France." Dear Jim: This army's a "washout," with a lot of old fatheads at the head of it. You know I have been out here quite some time and never had any leave. Well, a couple of days ago, while we were in rest billets, the or derly corporal read out my name and num ber for seven days' leave in Maw- EMP**- .Blighty (lEng I hustled about, packing up, filling my pack with souvenirs, such as shell heads, dud bombs, nose caps, shrap nel balls and a Prussian guardsman's helmet. Before I turned in that night, I had everything ready to report at the orderly room at 9:00 the next morning. I was the envy of the whol$ sec tion. At 9:00 I reported to the captain, where I and 40 others got our travel orders ahd passes. He asked me how much money I wanted to draw.. I glibly answered, "Three hundred francs, air." He just as glibly hand ed me one hundred. Wouldn't that jar you, Jim? The quartermaster sergeant gave tts two days! rations, in a little white canvas ration hag, which we tied to our belts. Then two motor lorries came along I •t'^^ .?r .» BI8MABCK, NORTH DilOti, THURSDAY, APRIL 5, 1917 Man Who Took Stone's Burden Q.K fTCtttOCK Senator from. NeWfaska who fathered war resolution after "Gumshoe" Bill dodged respon sibility and joined La Follettee, Gronna and others In opposing a defense of our international rights. 0 AS War Business Will Not Affect Hand, ling of Normal Traffic. Says Rail Man. ALL EFFORT TO BE MARK TO SPEED UP WAR SERVICE Requests For Imnediate Approprla. tion of Three Billions For Army And Navy. New York, April 5.—For war ser vice the railroads of the United States will be operated practically as one system. They export to handle all government business" Without ser iously interfering with the nation's normal commerce. A statement is sued by Fairfax Harrison, president of the Southern railway and general chairman of the special committee on National Defense of the American Railway association, says that the railroads have arranged to give to the government "preferential use of all facilities which may be needed for natioual defense." Under a plan worked out with the quartermaster general of the army, the government will advise the roads ))f its requirements and the railroad ^tnanagers will then be responsible for providing that service. Want Billions. Washington, April 5.—Requests for immediate appropriation of $3, (400,000,000 for the army and navy were made to congress today by the .executive departments. Rome, via Paris, April 5.—President1 Wilson's speech has been enthusias-1 tically endorsed by Cardinal Gasquet, who represents the British Catholic church in Rome. Cardinal Gasquet says: "The speech is right in all its pai^s, in form as well as in substance. Itf^50,000 men and to increase the mar is the best exposition of Christian morality, which is the foundation of international law." Provision is made for increasing the enlisted strength of the navy to ine corps to 30,000. Of the great sum a little more than $2,930,000,000 is asked for the army. OFF ON LEAVE BUT ORDERED BACK EMPET TELLS HOW A DELAYED TRAIN CHEATED HIM AND 40 OTHERS OUT OF A REST IN "BLIGHTY." and we piled in, laughing, Joking and in the best of spirits. We even loved the Germans, we were feeling so hap py. Our journey to seven days' bliss in iBlighty had commenced. The ride in the lorry lasted about two hours. At the railroad station at Frevent we reported to an officer, around whose arm was a white band, which read. "R. T. O." (Royal Transporta tion Officer). To us he was 'Santa, •Claus. The sergeant in charge showed him our orders*. He glanced through them and said. "iMnke yourselves comfort able on the platform and don't leave, the train is liable to be along in five minutes—or five hours." It came in five hours, a string of 11 matchboxes on big, high wheels, drawn by a dinky, little engine with the "con." hese matchboxes were cattle cars, on the sides of which were painted. "Hommes 40—Chevaux 8"—(men 40—horses 8). The "iR. T. O." stuck us all into one car. W* didn't care, it was as good as a Pullman to us. Two days we spent oh that train, stopping, jerking ahead and some times sliding back. At three stations we stopped long enough to make some tea, but were unable to wash. When we arrived at Boulogne, where we were to embark for :Blirh*v w«i were as black as TUTCOS and looked like a lot of tramps with our wi sh*,ven faces. Thoflgh tired, we were happy. We had packed up nreoata/ory to detraining, when an "R. T. O." came over. .This is what he said, Jim. Figure it out for yourself: "Boys, I'm sorry, but orders hare (Continued on Page Three)- Senator .M ('Cumber's Plan to Wait Until Another Boat is Sunk Meets Defeat. GRONNA JOINS LA FOLLETTE IN OPPOSING HOSTILITIES Stone, Chairman of Foreign Rela* tions Committee, Sticks to Pacifist Wing. Washington, April 5.—Tli« resolu tion declaring a state of war exists between United States and Germany was passed in the senate last night, 82 to 0. Senator McCumber's substi tute to declare in existence a state of war upon the sinking of another ship by 'Germany was defeated without roll call. Senators casting negative votes were: Gronna, 'LaFollette, Norris, Nebrasko Lane, Oregon Stone, Mis souri Vardaman, Mississippi. Situation Was Intense. The passage of the resolution was not marked toy any outburst from the galleries and on the floor the sen ators themselves were unusually grave and quiet. Many of them an swered to their names in voices that quivered with emotion. The galleries were filled to over flowing. In the diplomatic gallery was Secretary Lansing, Counselor Polk or the state department, Minis ter Calderon of (Bolivia and Minister Ekengren of Sweden. Earlier in the evening Dr. Hitter, the Swiss minis ter in charge of German interests in this country, had been there. Secretary McAdoo was on the floor during the last few hours of the de bate. No Applause Greets Decision. As the last name was called and the clerk announced the vote, 82 lo 6, there was hardly a murmur of ap plause. The great crowd was awed by the solemnity of the occasion and sober ed by the speeches they had heard. After the vote the senate adjourn ed 'until noon Friday to await action by the house. All six senators who voted against the resolution were members of the group of 12 which, defeated the arm ed neutrality bill of the last session. No Attempt at a Filibuster. There was 110 attempt to filibuster this time, however. Most of the 13 hours of debate was consumed by champions of the resolution. Of the other six opponents of arm ed neutrality. 'Senators Cummins, Kenyon and Kirby voted for the reso lution tonight. Senators O'Gorman. Clapp and Works, the remaining three, retired to private life at the end of ihe last session. Those ab sent or paired were: Bankhead. Goff, Gore, Hollis, Newlands, Smith of iMaryland, Thomas, Tillman. Of those absent, it was announced by variotls senators that all except Senator Gore of Oklahoma would have voted for the resolution if present. As to Sen- a III FIGHT" TO FEDDUTDN OF UM IS OPPOSED TO WAR Chicago. April 5.—The Chicago Federation of Labor, through its exe cutive committee, has declared against war and sent a telegram to President Wilson, declaring a belief that the common people do not want war and would vote against it, if given the opportunity. "The strong defensive policy along the line of armed neutrality already laid down, offers every protection that could be obtained through a declaration of war," the telegram says in part. Berlin Denies Peace Rumor ,'S' ..f »"^"jvj" j.*' IX VOTE Amsterdam, April 6.—A Berlin dis patch to the Koelnische Zeitung says that the rumors of a new peace offer by the Central Powers, which have arisen following the meeting of Em peror William and Etaperor Charles, and Count Cternin's statement, are incorrect The dispatch says, how ever, that the principles, repeatedly officially stated, of the readiness of the Central Powers to enter negotia tions tor "an honorable peace" is un changed. (Continued on Pago Three.) :VL. ON WAR MOVE Hogs Sell At Prices Unequaled Choice "Ihavles" Brought $ir.80 in I'nion Stockyards at Chicago Today. MAY WHEAT SLIDES TIP SCALE TO $2.07 Chicago, (April —iliogs, cattle and sheep are now selling at unprecedent ed prices at the Union Stock Yards here and the same is true of futures •in wheat, corn, oats and provisions on the board of trade. The high mark for hogs was again elevated today, when choice heavies sold at $15.80. Receipts were n.OUU head less than the trade had expected. May wheat sold up to $2.07. flogs advanced furl her on later trading and choice heavies. TO AID ALLIES United States up Against Ileal Thing And Sooner It Realizes It the Better. CANNOT HIRE OTHERS TO DO OUR FIGHTING By CHARLES E, RUSSELL. Washington, April 5.—But there is one thing, brethren, we ought to be mighty careful about, now that we have this job on our hands and see the size of it. We ought to look for the enemy in disguise and look out just as much for the mollusk that talks like a man. It is plain now that we are up against both. Working tog»,thei*.orr singly they are trying to put ovier a scheme that would take all the punch out of our entry in the war and make this na tion a bundle of old clothes on a stick put up in a field in order to scare the little birdies. A very strong movement is plan ned again. congress to keep us from sending any troops abroad and to confine our share in the war to supplying money, chocolate drops and good wishes. it is not merely a thing talked about it is framed up and ready to be tacked upon the army appropria tion bill the minute is reported, and there are about enough half-witted or half-hearted congressmen to make the thing likely to get across. Give our allies money, but no men! That is to say, hire somebody else to fight for us! Get substitutes! Do the worlds historic stunt in side stepping! Hire somebody to take the risk we are afraid to take and ator Gore, Senator Reed announced perform the duty we are too flabby merely that he was absent ibecause to perform! Hire somebody else to of illness. stand in the trenches and beat back (Continued on Page Three) Washington, April !».—Jess Willard. the heavyweight pugilist, sent this telegram today to President Wilson: "I will fight. When do you want me?" Prussian barbarism, but don't take us from our dinners and tea-parties, our tangos and our movies! That's the idea, that's what they really mean, the timid ones that are trying to pull this stuff on us, al though they don't acknowledge it. Their plan is to have the govern ment's policy fixed on sending over money but holding back all troops until we have trained here an army of at least 1,000,000 men. It is the limit of blundering if it is on the level, and the limit of a pro Gerniun play, if it isn't sincere. Which is which, you can guess if you note that all the pro-German agencies are hot for it. If we waited for an army of a mil lion under such conditions tfe should wait until perdition congealed! Who would enlist merely to pass months or years in a training camp, to par ade in the 3un and pave the earth with cigarette butts? The men that would feel any enthusiasm over such a prospect at a time while the fate of the world is being decided would not be worth having. The effect here of any such bone head business would be to extinguish the fine feeling now burning in this nation, to do away with any chance for us to be of actual use in the war and to fill the world with laughter at our expense. The effect in Germany would be to show the German fire eaters they were perfectly right in thinking we had gone soft in body and dotty in tnind. Would Prolong It. The effect on the war would be to prolong it: The effect on the Allies would be profoundly to discourage them. Why should we want to fool with a seven-barreled disaster like that? The astounding revelations of the American correspondents lately re turned from Germany ought to teach us our lesson. In Berlin all men be lieve that long before we conld en list, train, equip and send to Europe a single soldier, Germany will have won the war and be ready then to beat us to bits and fill its empty treasury from our hordes of gold. A large part of the world Bhares the notion that we are no good for any action. To millions of men around this globe we represent just a huge, jellified, disorganized mass, «w«.i Home Edition HOUSE REAOY TO CONCUR III SENATE ACTION Chairman Flood of Foreign Relations Committee Opens Debate on War Motion. COOPER OF WISCONSIN TO LEAD OPPOSITION Early Tote on the Proposition Is Anticipated Under Cloture Rnle. Washington, April 5.—Debate on the war resolution began in the house with Chairman pood of the foreign affairs committee-making the opening statement. Passage of the resolution, which will complete the action of congress in declaring that a state of war ex ists between Germany and the Unit ed States was expected by a major ity as heavy as that which attended its passage last night in the senate. Far in the rear of the hall, sat Representative Cooper of Wisconsin, ranking Republican member of the foreign affairs committee, who was expected to lead the opposition. Can Vote In Hour. Less than hall' the members were present when the session opened. Under the unanimous consent rule by which the resolution was being considered, Representative Flood could move the previous question at any time after one hour, and, if sus tained, brings the measure to a vote. He was disposed, however, to give members every opportunity to speak throughout the day. The debate be gan without any limitation. Opposed to War. The first expression of opposi tion to the war resolution came from Representatives Cooper and Stafford of Wisconsin and Representative Britten of Illinois, while Flood was speaking. "Wouldn't the English mines in the North sea destroy American lives,?" "To date. England never has sunk one of our ships or destroyed an Am erican life." Flood said. Loud applause greeted the reply. Representative Cooper laiitidhed in to a defense of pacifists generally, and himself particularly. "I have been called a pacifist," he said. "T voted for all of these pre paredness bills. This campaign of slander has no regard for the truth." Cooper also defended his vote for the 'McLenore resolution. Cites Canada. 'T was right then," he said, "and so were the 144 other members who voted for it. It should have passed. Canada does not permit its women to travel on armed ships and neither should we. 'lOvery pasifist in the coun try knows I am not a pacifist in the sense in which that word is treed. Does it mean because I do not want to go to war with a nation 4,000 miles away because England and Germany have violated our rights, that 1 am not an American?" Breaks Eyeglasses. Mr. Cooper broke his eyegiasaes and found trouble reading certain documents. A' dozen members laid spectacles on his table. Cooper, turning to the chair, said: "Mr. Chairman, I cannot surrender all my time to trying on specs." A roar of laughter swept the house. Mr. Cooper declared that the Ger man government never had promised unqualifiedly to abandon its subma rine warfare. Representative Flood ipade loud de mands to be heard, but Cooper would not yield. THREE PAIGE CARS SLASHED Northern Pacific Special Agent Mak ing Investigation—Cars For Cannon Company. Northern Pacific Special Agents McDowell, who makes his headquar ters at Jamestown, was in Rismarck the first of the week making an in vestigation which might lead to the discovery of the guilty ones who slashed the cushions of three Paige automobiles received by the Cannon Motor Sales company. According tb information given out by Chief of Police Downing, some one entered the freight car at some point between the factory and Bis marck and literally cut the leather cushions to ribbons as well as mar ring the finish on the bodies. NIECE OF EVANGELIST SUNDAY IS XARUSD (Special to TrJbww) Jamestown, X. D„ April S. Ruth Sunday, daughter of H. E, Svfc day of Woodworth. an& niece to the noted Evangelist Billy Sunday, was united in marriare to .Ben S. Bryan, also of Woodworth, by Rev. C. H. Phillips at the Congregational Tuesday afternoon. The Mwljr ded couple will make their Woodworth for the time W *V r\* FIVE OWN --I-"'M":J ?*i -s j.f -I I •v,| iM •W"