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Unafcttled. THIRTY-SEVENTH YEAR, NO. 127 PAYS TRITE TO HERO DEAD Cities Throughout the State Today Honor Memories of Deceas ed Veterans BISMARCK MAKES RITES UNUSUALLY IMPRESSIVE Dr. V. H. Stickney of Dickinson Principal Speaker Here—In Other Towns The observance of Memorial day throughout North Dakota today is more general than in any other year in history of the state. Towns large and small everywhere have set aside the day for a reverent paying of tribute to the memories of the brave men who an swered their country's call in the dark bloody days of '61-'65. The day in North Dakota is essentially one of memorial, everyone, everywhere, feel ing particularly the significance of this anniversary, which after more than half-century's almost unbrok en peace, finds the country on the verge of its greatest war. The Day In Bismarck The day's observance in Bismarck began early this morning when at sun rise the colors were hoisted to half mast at Fort Lincoln and Camp Fraz ier. There the flags remained until noon, when with appropriate exer cises and the prescribed military flag salute, the colors were raised to the mast-head At 2:15, in spite of muddy streets and cloudy skies, hundreds of citizens, assembled in the ranks of various fraternal, patriotic and civic organiza tions the National Guardsmen from Fort Lincoln and Camp Frazier more than a thousand children from the pub lic and parochial schools, state, coun ty and city officials, formed in line at the court house square and, headed by the Elks and Salvation Army band, and with veterans of the Civil war, members of the Women's Relief corp3 and veterans of the war with Spain occupying a post of honor, marched through the business section of the city to the municipal Auditorium, where a patriotic program was offered. Afternoon Exercises The principal address of the after noon were given by Dr. V- H. Stick ney of Dickinson, president of the North Dakota national defense council and prominent In Red Cross relief work Chief Justice Andrew A- Bruce, of the North Dakota supreme court, and nev. H- C. Postlethwaite, pastor of the First Presbyterian church. The community singing, in which Bismarck is becoming proficient through fre quent practice, was a pretty feature of the exercises, which were followed by tne dispatching of automobile de tails of Grand Array Veterans with guardsmen for escorts to the local cemeteries and the banks of the Mis souri, where salutes were fired, the graves of deceased veterans interred here decorated, and flowers scattered on the current of the river in honor of the memory of Uncle Sam's blue jackets who have perished at sea. At Dunn Tenter Dunn Center, N. D-, May 30.—Dunn county's most memoriable Memorial clay exercises were held here today, with Governor Frazier. former Gov ernor James JJoywe, superinten dent of th&n^wwMt&»i«fag.s61i0ol at Mandan Hon. Leslie A. Simpson of Dickiniftff^tl If* IT? iMScdonald, state superintendent of publib instruc tion, delivering the principal address es. Following the exercises, school children sprinkled Spring creek with flowers in honor of departed soldiers. At Dickinson Dickinson, N. D-, May 30.—Dick inson's fifteen graves of soldier dead were decorated this afternoon by fif teen Dickinson high school girls, to each of whom was assigned a grave. Scores of automobiles joined in the long procession which found its way early this afternoon to the cemetery, where interesting exercises were held. Paldu at Minot Minot, N. 1) •, May 30.—Attorney L. J. Palda delivered the principal ad dress at the Minot cemetery this af ternoon, where exercises were held un der the auspices of Lincoln post, Grand Army of the Republic- The parade was in charge of Major E. S Person. At New Roekford New Roekford, N- D-, May SO.—New Rockford's Memorial day exercises were held this afternoon at Niven's opera house- Rev. S- Hitchcock was the principal speaker. At the cemetery services were in charge of the G- A- R- Elmer R- Davidson had general charge of the program- At Jamestown Jamestown, N- D-, May 30.—William tf. Seward Post No. 16, Grand Armv of the Republic, had charge of today's impressive memorial exercises- All of the bells in the city were tolled for five minutes at noon, while veterans of the Civil war stood with bared heads. Mayor H- C- Flint presided at the exercises, beginning in Plaus park at 2 o'clock- Mrs- S- A- Wild er was in charge of the community singing, and Pres. H- B- Kroeze of Jamestown college delivered the mem orial address- All of the school children in the city, each carrying an American flag, participated in the parade- At Farpo Fargo, D-, May 30 —Members of James F- Reynolds camp gathered at their post hail at 9 this morning and at 10 were conveyed by automobile to the several cemeteries, where they decorated the graves of comrades who are bivouacked on the other side v.plfr'p veterans Answered roll ii.ununued on Page Three) Dominion Militia Acquired Dignity, Resources Were Mobilized and Fighters Hurried to "Plug the Hole at Calais." (Canada has gone through try ing situations much like those that now face the United States. Here is the story of what Canada has done and how she has done it, told by Max EIIOS, OF the Canadian Pacific railway, who travels to all parts of Canada and has been a first-hand observer. —Editor.) By Max Enos Canadian experiences inv her war with Germany are likely to be very similar to those of the United States in the same situation. Just before the beginning of the war Canada held practically the same at titude toward its militia as the United States did theirs until recently. None thought these men would be used for any more serious business than hon orary guards in military pageants. With the declaration of war, how ever, opinion changed in a flash- The men who had been "joshed" before, were regarded most seriously and with deference. The fibre of the whole country seemed to stiffen overnight and recruiting started on the jump All men took part either to enlist or encourage it- Ammunition factories, encouraged by government subsidies and large contracts, sprang up almost overnight. Materials for government munitions —anything that goes to clothe or equip a soldier—were sent skyward in price by the demands of the government. Thirty-three thousand soldiers, hastily recruited from the militia regi ments already organized, and compos ed mostly of men who had either seen service in Africa, as British regulars, or in Canadian regiments in the Boer war, were sent as Canada's first con tribution to the mother country. Thirty-three large, dull-grey trans ports, convoyed by a formidable fleet of British cruisers, delivered these men safely to the British isles, where they were pummeled into shape and sent to France. Since then a steady stream has been pouring into Britain- These are the men who ''plugged the hole at Calais" and who "held the salient at Ypres." No more famous regiment exists than that named for H- R. H., the GUARDSMEN NEED NO HYPHENATED LATEST I1ICE Contradictory Reports Sent Out From Washington Again Officially Corrected PRESIDENT STATES HIS INTERPRETATION OF LAW That guardsmen and others in the service of the United States army or "members of any duly organized and recognized force, military or naval, subject under other laws of the Uni ted States to be called, ordered or drafted into the military or naval service of the United States" need not register June 5 is President Wilson's interpretation of the selective servicc act. Sheriff French was advised this morning. The president directs that the third paragraph of his proclamation of May 18 be construed to read: "And I do further proclaim and give notice to all persons subject to registration in the several states and in the District of Columbia, that those who shall have attained their 21st birthday and who shall not have attained their 31st birthday on or before the day here named are required to register, ex cepting only officers and enlisted men of the regular army, the regular army reseive, the olficers' reserve corps, the enlisted reserve corps, the na tional guard and the national guard reserve recognized by the military bu reau of the war department, the navy, the marine corps, the roast guard, and the naval militia, naval reserve force, marine corps reserve and na tional naval volunteers recognized by the navy department." Paragraph four is construed by the president to read: "The only excep tions are persons in the military or naval service of the United States, which includes all officers and enlist ed men of the regular army, the reg ular army reserve, the officers' re serve corps, the enlisted reserve corps, the national guard and national guard reserve," etc. Announcement had been made only recently that national guardsmen who have not been mustered into federal service will be required to register June 5. The president's own inter pretation of the selective service act and of his proclamation issued in con formity to that act would indicate that the guardsmen need not register. OLD PASTIME DANGEROUS Lad Swinging on Gate Sustains Bad Injury Paradise Flats. N. D., May While swinging on a gate. Melvin. small son of Martin Thompson, im bedded a huge splinter firmly in his arm that it could not be removed until he was taken to a surgeon a' Grenora. Princess Patricia, daughter of the Duke of Connaught, then governor general of Canada. The Princess Pats have been wiped out, recruited to a strength, and wiped out again and again. Canada has now 400,000 men at the front- While preparing her military forces, Canada lost no time getting her home organization down to a smoothly working basis Preparations at home meant briefly' this: Red Cross societies to send essen tials for base hospitals khaki clubs or reading rooms, where furloughed or wounded soldiers could spend their time while waiting to return to the front schools for teaching blinded and crippled soldiers useful trades or ganization of the Canadian patriotic fund, which thus far has raised $33, 000,000 to take cares of 70,000 depen dent families who had sent their men folk to the trenches, and who are en titled to support and many other so cieties to supply Balaklava caps, home knitted sox, plenty of "smokes" and other trench luxuries not included in John Bull's army equipment.. Federal arrangements were made, together with the patriotic fund, for support of families left behind by sol diers. The Canadian "Tommy" is the high est paid soldier in the world, receiving $1.10 a day- His family receives $20 a month "separation allowance" and the difference between this and $45 a month, from the Canadian patriotic fund. Most authorities in Canada will agree that the war has proved a benefit with hut, perhaps one ex ception—the terrible loss of life, aud the injuries received by those returned medically until for active service. Canada has developed into a man ly, virile nation, distinct from every nation in the world. Never again will Canadians be confused with any other nationality on the North Ameri can continent- Canada has won na tionhood' and a senior partnership in the firm of the British empire- 1 iluttl tll President of'Sonis of Norway Says Countrymen Are American ized Before Coming PATRIOTIC DELEGATES PARTICIPATE IN PARADE "Nothing is ever heard of a hyphen ated Norweigan in America," said M. F. Hagge of Hatton, district presi dent of the Sons of Norway, in res ponding this morning to Secretary G. N. Keniston's address of welcome "Norwegians coming to the United States are Americanized before they leave the old country. They have as similated American ideals under form of government which is similar and amidst a people whose love of liberty iB no less- The Norwegian in America is American. He has no need for the hyphen- He linds no radical readjustment of ideas neces sary. He promptly fits into things in his adopted country". Mr. Hagge referred lightly to the campaign which was made a year ago for the removal of North Dakota's capital to another city- Ha com plimented Bismarck upon its progres sive spirit, and expressed the opinion that the conservative Norwegian citi zenry of North Dakota will never line up behind any plan to place the stale's institutions on wheels- Keniston Welcomes The fourth annual convention of the Fourth international district of the Sons of Norway opened in Knights of Pythias hall this morning with an ad dress of welcome from Secretary Ken iston of the Bismarck Commercial Club- Mr. Keniston referred to the large Norwegian population of North Dakota to the important part which it has played in the development of our state, and to the similarity of in terests, climate, soil, people a_nd as pirations of North Dakota and Norway. He declared that the North Dakota Norwegian's love for the home-land did him credit, as in Norway have been born many of the world's most splendid ideal of Democratic govern ment. American has learned much from Norway and owes much to Nor way's people who have found a home in this country. Participate in Pprade At 1 o'clock the sessions adjourned to permit local members of the order and delegates to participate i-i tlio Memorial day parade- The conven tion resumed its work later in the af ternoon, and sessions will be held to morrow morning and afternoon, inter spersed with automobile iours to Bis marck beauty spots, and closing with a banquet at the Hotel McKenzie to morrow evening- Banquet Hour Changed Because many of the delegates find it necessary to leave for home on the early evening train tomorrow, the ban quet hour at the McKenzie has been changed from 7:30 to 6 o'clock- Din ner will be served promptly at 6 and will be followed by a brief program '(Continued on page Three.) THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA. WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1917. Frost in Most Sections MISSOURI SLOPE ESCAPES LOW TEMPERATURE Other Northwest Points in Canada Report General Cold and Unfavorable Weather Cover your garden tonight. This is the warning sent, out mday by O- W. Roberts, meteorologist for North Dakota. This section of the state is scheduled for a frost tonight. It escaped last night by a small margin, while other portions of the state, were not so lucky. Then* was a heavy freeze in all portions of tlie Northern part of the state. II was twenty above at Bowbells 21 at Langdon 29 at Minot 31 at Fessemlen, 32 at Bottineau and 3ft at Napoleon. Thirty seven was the lowest at Hismar last evening 1ft Above in ('ainidii Winnipeg, Man., May !». Frost was general throughout the Northwest last night and at Virgibelle, Alta., accord ing to the official weather report to day, the thermometer went to lti above zero. At Russel, Man., 14 degrees of temperature was recorded. The freezing point was reached in each of the prairie provinces. Tempera tures ranging from 20 io 30 above were general. Soaking Kit in Duluth, May 30.—A aoaliing rain fell all of last night, especially wetting down forest and brush 'ires that nave burned intermittently for weeks in northern Minnesota. The rain is reported general over the north. Bad flres, however, con tinue near the Canadian line. A message last night from Inter national Falls, Minn380td, said ''for est flres have destroyed twelve million feet of timber. For miles in every direction the grounl is parched. The dearth of rain has caussd our interest to fear disastrous results- If the water levels go lower, industries will be slackened. Jfw Damage Calgary, May 30 —On account of the late spring little damage was done by the temperature in Calgary last night. No damage was -ione to grain, Federal Agents.. To Watch' fir* Conspiracies Washington, May SO.—Despite anti conscription agitation in many cities, which the department of justice ofli clals suspect as the result of German propaganda, the department expects virtually all men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for the war draft next Tuesday. To insure this, further steps were taken today looking to the prosecu tion of persons seeking to hinder registration plans and to the detec tion of those who may avoid regis tration Criminal ai ion is likely to 'be taken against slackers, and United States marshals and attorneys have instructions to watch closely for indi cations of anti-registration conspira cies and to insure the protection of registrars. TO WATCH PACIFISTS. Washington, May :»).—Federal au thorities announced today that they will have representatives at Madison. Square Garden today and tomorow, while members of the American First Congress For Democracy and Terms of Peace, a pacifist organization, are holding their meetiii) io consider war problems. Memorial Day Is Celebrated at St. Paul's Cathedral London, May 30.—It was like anoth er America Day at St. Paul's as the colors of the American legion in the Canadian contingent were placed on there until after the war- Thera were the altar in the cathedral to remain five flags in all from the various con tingents. The flags were taken to the cathedral by 500 Canadian sold iers. As the troops passed up the aisle the crowd sang "The Battle Hymn of the Republic,'" and later "On ward Christian Soldiers". At the con clusion of the service the "Star Spang led Banner," and later "God Save the King". Many Enter Auto Races Cincinnati, May IO.-7-Twenty-eight of the leading automobile licensed drivers of America were in the pro gram to start in the ?.0 International Sweepstakes race at the speedway at Sharonville. Ohio, this afternoon. The sum of $29,t 00 has been hung up in purses for the event, the winner's share being $12,"0ft. In addition to the sweepstakes, there will be a contest for Ford cara. mm Heavy Freeze .Throughout North- Secretary McAdoo Making Fight era Portion of State and to Secure Passage of Tax Measure UPPER BODY WOULD TRIM IT $300,000,000 Favor Making Up Difference by Issue of Short Time Bonds Washington, .May H).—Congress was not in session today, but leaders took the opportun ity to survey prog ress on war meas ures. Chairman Simmons of the senate ,"nar.co committee, in con ference with treasury officials, point ed out that the principal question. yet to be determined relate to pro posed automobile taxes, exciso taxes on coffee and tea, higher second class postal rates and taxe3 on pub lic utilities. Would Reduce Amount. Secretary McAdoo has urged the committee to report out the bill car rying $1 ,SOO,(MM),OOp as provided in the house measures, but committee sentiment favors reducing it to $ I ,."i00,000,00(), the difference to be raised by short time bonds. Conferees on the senate and house 000,!()() war budget bill had fur ther changes to consider, notably the provision to regulate the acquisition of a merchant marine, for which $7"0,000,000 is authorized. The ad ministration's food survey and pro duction 'bill will bo taken up in the senate tomorrow and its early pas sage is expected. The bill is the house substitute for the measure the senate has been considering. SUGGESTS ENGLAND CEDE CMIIttU New York, May 30—Prof4 W- R. Shepperd, of Columbia University, speaking at the National Conference on Foreign Relations of (lie jUjiited States, in session at Lotfg BeatV, New York, discussed the attitude of the United States,to,ward flhe.retention by European nations of colonies in the Carribean- He said that geograph ically, the islands belong to America He declared that if Great Britain and France "are to derive material com pensation from victory rendered cer tain by the opportune aid of the United States, it would be only fair and just that they should turn over their own Carribean possessions to this country as a token of gratitude for support." Edward B. Borchard, of the New York Bar, said politically stability in the Carribean had increased in pro portion witli the growth of the United States- in recent years, the dollar had been substituted for the bullet he declared, and all signs pointed to fur ther increases in American financial interests there- PLOTS III MILWAUKEE Washington. May .10.—"An import ant angle" in tho anti-conscription plot was uncovered in Milwaukee, ac cording to Hinton G. Clabaugh, di visional superintendent of the bureau of investigation of the department of justice, on his return from that city today. Several suspects were detained and questioned in the Wisconsin city, and one of the results is said to have been the decision to send 10 depart mental operatives there. (J. S. Commission Of Engineers on French War Front Paris, May 30.—The United States commission of engineers has arrived in Paris. The party consists of 'Ma jor Parsons, Major Wilgus, W. A. Garrett and Captain Barber. Immedi ately upon its arrival, the party call ed on United States Ambassador Sharp, who made arrangements for its reception by the minister of war today. The engineers were escorted through the Hritish lines by Colone' Henry W. Thorton, the former Amer ican. who is manager of the British Great Eastern railroad. The Ameri cans traveled from Boulogne to Paris* by automobiles. On their arrival here. 'Major Parsons said he and his colleagues were keenly desirous of getting out where the big guns were roaring and they would do everything to expedite their business in Pari# to hasten their departure. Equity Men Want Wheat Price Fixed Special Committee Appears Be fore House Committee on Agriculture at Washington WANT GOVERNMENT TO TAKE CHARGE OF FOOD Senator Pendraw Says Cost of Raising Bushel of Grain This Year Is $1.95 Washington, I). C„ May 10.—Every one of the nine members of the dele gation representing northwestern farmers appeared before the house committee on agriculture yesterday and each one made a plea for govern ment action to stop profit taking by alleged food gamblers and middle men. The committee which had originally planned to devote only the morning session to hearing the farmers' rep resentatives, gave up the entire day to them, not adjourning until o'clock last, evening. Members of the delegation told the committee that the farmers of the northwest generally acquiesced in the apparent, intention of the administra tion to have a minimum guarantee price for grain fixed. They laid more stress, however, on the need for per manent measures to stop the great waste between producer and consum er. They declared themselves in favor of government control of grain ex changes and the elimination of all trading not involving the actual change of ownership of real grain. They declared for government opera tion of storage warehouses, both at seaboard and at inland terminals and they asked for the appropriation of a fund of one hundred million dollars to finance the fanners' elevators in handling the grain crop. Thomas Pendray of .lamestown pro duced figures based in his own ex perience to show that the average cost of raising a bushel of grain under this year conditions will be about $1.95. This figure took no account of any hazards but hail loss, and he pre sented $2.50 at the terminals as a prdper minimum price. The bill pro vides that price fixing shall be under the direction of the president, but it was thought important to get before the committee a statement of the con ditions the farmer faces. SIGNIFICANCE Impressive Ceremonies in Which President Wilson and Card inal Gibbons Participate BOYS OF BLUE AND THE GRAY MARCH TOGETHER Washington, May 10.—War clouds cast a special gravity today over tho exercises here, in which President Wilson, Cardinal Gibbons and Chief Justice White ofliciated. Down Pennsylvania avenue and across the Potomac to Arlington Na tional cemetery marched the veterans of two past wars at the head of a column of national guardsmen and regulars, who may see service in France within a year. Attends Ceremonies. President Wilson arranged to at tend tho exercises at Arlington thi* afternoon, 'but did not count on mak ing addresses. The ceremonies at Arlington were the principal feature of the day. Moth houses of congress adjourned for the day and the gov erntnenlal departments weie closed. CHICAGO CELEBRATES. Chicago, March II).—'Soldiers of the Civil war, Spanish war, the in sular campaigns of the United States, members of the national guard and boy scouts will be among the 2ri,0nU or more marchers who today will do honor to Chicago's soldier dead. The demonstration is expected to be the greatest i:i history. About 7,000 sol diers' graves will be decorated. CONFEDERATES MARCH, Minneapolis, 'May 10.—A number of men who fought for the south in the Civil war marched with the *oys from the north today for the first time in the history of Minneapolis or Memorial day. 18,000 MEN IN LINE. New York, May 10—With a new significance due to the war and given added color by the participation by thousands of men in uniform. Memor ial day was celebrated today on a greater scale than at any time since 1898. It is estimated 18,000 men were in line. 5,000 POLES MARCH. Detroit, Mich.. May 10.—More than 5.000 Polish residents of Detroit with banners marched in the Decoration day parade here today. When the parade was completed, about 100 en listed. GEN. SLUZER APPOINTED. Berne. Switzerland, May :!tk—Gen eral Sluzer. who has been appointed to the United States, left for Wash ington today. :ui Last Edition FIVE CENTS LULL OVER JILL WAR Z0N£S BUT ITALIAN FRONT General Gordana Continues a De« termined Offensive Toward City of Trieste ALLIES PREPARE FOR ANOTHER BIG DRIVE Where Next Blow Will Be Struck Cannot Be Surmised at This Time (By Associated Press.) There has come such a pronounced pause in major war activities as to give the impres sion that prepara tions for a new phase niny be in progress. Only on the Aus a an where General Cor dana is pushing his campaign for Trieste, is any sustained offensive in progress. The great bat tle in France has hailed. Even Ger man counter attacks along the Bri tish front have ceased, while along the French front they have lessened. The recent aerial activity has sub sided. When tho next blow is to be de livered can only be surmised. Indi cations are multiplying that the Ger nfans are looking for new develop ments. They have mentioned the Russo-Ruinanian front as the next place of attack. News of the Entente side of that front has not been such as to lead to the belief that such a blow could be delivered there at pres ent. Emperor William in addressing his troops in France exorted them to stand fast for a decisive time, which he pictured near at hand. Apparently a renewal of the Franco British attacks, larger than ever, 1ft anticipated. FURTHER GAINS. Rome, May »0.—Further gains by the Italians on the Triest front are announced today. The Italian lines have been extended west of Edazza. Kaiser Tells Army Fight to Continue Until Victory Comes Amsterdam, May 10—According to the Deutsche Tages Zeitung. Emperor William concluded his recent speech to the soldiers on the Arras front with the following words: "We will continue to fight until we secure a complete victory against those who have attacked us. May the god of armies give us blessings in the war which has been forced up on us so that our children and our grandchildren may live free in the German fatherland." The Tagesblatt quotes the emperor as saying: "We are especially watch ing overhead to frustrate any enemy attacks." First Dirigible Flies From Chicago To Akron, Ohio Washington, May 30'.—The first dir gible balloon being built for the navy, much after the pattern of the British •'lilintz," made a successful flight yes terday from Chicago to Akron,_,Ohio. Leaving Chicago at noon, she landed without mishap at Akron about. v» p. Hying an airline distance of about •r.tm mile::. Every Liberty Bond Punch in Kaiser's Eye Chicago. 'May »0^-"ISvery bond sold is a punch in the kaiser's eye," was the conclusion by Meredith Nich olson, released today as tho second in the series which western authors have prepared. The first of these, by George Ade, was given out yester day. Accord Safe Passage to Neutral Craft London, May 30.—-A Stockholm dis patch to Reuter's says that the Ger man government has announced that Swedish and Norwegian steamers now in British ports will have safe pas sage home from June 1. Berlin, U. S. A. Wants N a Changed Mow Berlin. Wis.. .May 10.—\7itizens of this city are seriously considering changing its name. The Indian natbe. Mascoutin. is said to be favorably con-n sidered by many citizens.