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1 ENTENTE ALLIES ABOUT TO ENTER DARKESTPERIOD French Commissioner Believes, However, War Will End In side of Six Months. AMERICA'S PART IS SUPPLIES Possibility of Strong German At tack on Western Front This Winter. An Atlantic Port, Jan. 2.—The en tente allies are entering the hardest period of the war, but* a peiod which Will prove richest in decisive results if we know how to play a good game, and its issue will be decided in the next six months," according to Cap tain Andre Tardieu, French high com missioned to the United States, who has returned to this country and will arrive in Washington today. The commissioner first arrived in this country last May. He returned to Prance in November and his gov ernment decided to continue his offic ial title for a period of six months. While Captain Tardieu pointed to the possibility of a strong German at tack on the western front during this winter, he is "absolutely confident that it will be another Verdun," he de clared in a statement. The urgency of an enormous econ omic effort was emphasized by Cap tain Tardieu as follows: "The battle is not only on the bat tlefield. I have told to the French, with complete frankness, what Amer ica expects from them in the way of restrictions and new sacrifices. I am coming back to explain here the nec essary sacrifices that France and her allies are expecting from America for victory." Men, wheat, oil, Bhips and locomo tives are the things most needed and which America is able to give, Captain Tardieu said. By way of tribute to Col. E. M. House, who headed the American mis sion to the inter allied conference in Paris, Captain Tardieu said: "Thanks to the presence of Col. House and his associates the inter allied conference has done excellent work. It wias necessary that the gov ernment of the United States should assert its will and its capacity to take, in Europe, the part which belongs to America in the direction of the war. tinkhanT back. Man Who Fired First Gun Returns from the Italian Front. An Atlantic Port, Jan. 2—Represen tative George Holden Tinkham, of Massachusetts, who is credited with firing the first shot sent against Aus tria by an American on December 11, while on a visit to the Italian front, arrived here today on a French steam ship. Mr. Tinkham said he fired the shot at the invitation of a colonel commanding a battery engaged in stemming the advance of the Teutonic forces on the lower Piave. He add ed that while he did not know the re sults of the shots he was convinced the shell, which was from a 149 mill imeter gun, struck "in a place where it -would do the most good." Mf. Tinkham did not come out un scathed from his visit to Italy. He returns with one arm in a sling and a broken finger and his head in band ages for contusions received when an automobile in which he was riding at night along a shell torn road skidded and plunged over a thirty foot en bankment. Mr. Tinkham, who also visited the French firing line, said that the sit uation is critical, and the successful outcome of the war depends upon American effort. He said that he visited the Americ an troops in France and founl that their enthusiasm and eagerness to be at the enemy was wonderful. Their equipment, he .added, 'is not what it should be." He will prepare a report on his observations to present to the authorities at Washington. HOME GFARD TO HAVE IMPORTANT SESSION FRIDAY Officers Will Be Elected and Big Businss Matter Taken Up Home guardsmen, "Watch your Step." The most important meeting of this organization held since its inception is announced by Capt. E. G. Wanne. for Friday evening, when business which will have a vital and lasting bearing on the future of the capital city of North Dakota is to be taken up. Capt. Wanner urges that every home guardsman attend. The meet ing is called for 7 sharp. All neces sary business can be disposed of by 9 o'clock, in plenty of time to permit those who desire to attend the big show at the Auditorium. Officers will be elected Friday eve ningr which in Itself is of importance, and something much bigger and more vital la scheduled for attention. Cap tain Wanner feels that this is an oc caslon upon whtich none but the best of excuses can be accepted for fail ure to attend, and he insiats that ev ery guardsman make a special effort to turn out At Sunday School. "Give an account of Balaam," said the teacher. "Balaam was a prophet who lived a long way off," replied the student. "After a while he went out for a ride on his donkey, and he got very angry with the donkey and hit him, and a voice from heaven said, 'You must not hit the donkey it is holy ground.'" Tribune Want Ads Bring Result* w,v BY KENNETH W. PAYNE. Daily Tribune Staff Reporter Who Has Just Returned from England. "Save gasoline! It is the life blood of the war. The great motor trans port system at the front depends on gasoline. The vast, aerial invasion of Germany planned for next year will be impossible without copious sup plies of gasoline!" This warning has been hoard and answered in England. A substitute for gasoline has been found for driving motor cars. This substitute is just the ordinary coal gas which we have been using for years to light our homes and co(*'t our meals. Motor trucks and limousines alike have lately been a common sight in London running about the streets un der a huge, ungainly gas bag, like a balloon fastened to the roof of 'Ihe car. People laughed at these gawky apparitions, at first. Hut now people there recognize that they mark as startling a revolution in transporta tion as did 'the first clumsy automo|departure BY C. C. LYON. Daily Tribune's Special Reporter with the American Army in France. With the American Army in France, Jan. 2.—The old-time regular army man used to sneer that he'd 'rather be a private in the regulars than a gen eral in the National Guard." Poking fun at the state militias was one form of amusement for the regu lars. And more often than not the guardsmen took the jests and quips without serious protest, probably ad mitting inwardly that maybe, after all, he was a mutt at the Avar game. But there's no sneering at 'the Na tional Guard troops in France these days. A very high general in the regular army not long ago was reviewing a militia regiment from a middle wes tern state. The troops came down the pike be hind a crackerjack band, every head up, uniforms clean and spruce, guns and side arms glistening—a body of fine, upstanding, stalwart, intelligent American manhood. In step, countenance and carriage they looked like liberty lads. When the review was ended the general turned and with an exclam ation that showed intense satisfaction, said to those near him: "By Jove, -those are fine looking boys! Mark my word, they'll produce FIRST VOTE IN CANADIAN FLECTION I NEW COAL GAS FUEL FOR MOTOR CARS SAVES PETROL FOR AIRRAID ON BOCHE This motor omnibus isn't going to fly away, though it looks that way. The bag covering it contains coal gas, the new motor fuel of England, which is replacing gasoline needed for wai| purposes. biles themselves. The scheme is hard ly more than a few months old, yet it has already passed out of the awk ward age. Cars are now beginning to put in an appearance carrying the gas stored under pressure in neat steel tanks. A limousine thus equipped looks as well with gas as with gaso line tanks. Already it has been established that motor cars built for propulsion by gasoline, will run just as well on coal gas and at a cost loss than gas oline was ever sold for in England even in peace time. The city of .Manchester already has over uoo private cars being run by coal gas. Taxis will probably soon take up the same system. Coal gas, I he use of which is en couraged rather than restricted, may bring ilie pleasure car, the use of I which is prohibited during the war to save gasoline, back to its own. It will at any rate solve the problem of the propulsion of motor trucks for com mercial purposes. To one of England's leading auto mobile periodicals, the Commercial Motor, belongs the credit for this new in 'transportation. Only a 'NATIONAL GUARD SOLDIERS IN FRANCE, IS LYON'S ADVICE THEY'RE AMAZING ARMY OFFICERS a lot of efficient officers if this war lasts very long." The so-called "state militiaman" over here is putting into his word a degree of intelligence, pep and will ingness that simply amazes some of the regular army officers who havo high command over them. In a good many cases these officers have had to revise completely their preconceived notions about such troops. It's a foregone conclusion that the National Guard units are going to, make good in France because a big majority of the boys have brains and they'll know how to use them in the pinches. BISMARCK EVENING TRIBUNE 2m* 1 One regiment boasts more than 700 college men out of a total member ship of about 3700 and some 1300 of i,he boys in the outfit have had one year or more in high school. In a football game the other day between two militia outfits, 15 of the 22 players were former college play ers and only two of the 15 were of ticers. The particular star* of the con test made the all-American team a few years back. He's a sergeant now. There's no such thing over here as a company or regiment composed en tirely of old time regulars. The quick expansion of the Amer ican army from 100,000 to 2,000,000 busted the old army to smithereens and every regular man who showed A wounded Canadian soldier in a hospital behind the lines in Francc Not going to school otherwise is shown here taking the oath before casting the first vote in the Can- employed to sell paper*. For any adian election. The soldiers voted early in December because of the time ambitious bo* tM* is an excellent necessary in getting the ballots back to Canada. The ballots were collected proposition Appl, Circulation Dept in a mail sack. little while ago this periodical sug gested the idea, encouraged experi ments, gave wide publicity to each success, and finally found that its campaign had swept the whole coun try. George F. Sharp, editor of Commer cial Motor, an automobile expert of wide experience, speaking of the new development said: "To begin with, there is the great economy of using coal gas in lieu of petrol. Under present conditions in England, 25 cents' worth of gas will run a car as far as cents' worth of petrol! Motor car engines construct ed for the use of petrol will run on gas practically without modification. Coal gas consists of hydrogen and methane, the latter being the main constituent. Scientists tell me that it may soon be commercially possible for the methane, extracted from coal gas, to be compressed to a liquid. Then we will have two fiiels for motor ing, petrol as a first class fuel, and this new product as a second grade but highly useful fuel, performing the vast majority of the work in carry ing on the nation's motor transporta tion." aptitude and a clean moral record was put to instructing the new recruits. Hundreds of them won commissions. The National Guard regiments, in a i-K of instances, contain men who have been drilling much longer than men :n the so-called regulars. "How will the National.jGpard take to war discipline? Most ,of the offi cers and men came from the same towns and have been in the habit of calling one another by their first names." This is a comment often heard. Put this situation prevails only in a limited degree now. The doubling and iiebling of the size of militia reg imen' has made it necessary to go outside for new officers. While most of the militia units still have their "home" colonels, majors and captains, hundreds of lieutenants from the of ficers training schools have been as signed tc them. One battalion with v/hicn I am well ecquainted has eight such new officers and they hail from six different states. "As far as my fellow officers from home go," said one National Guard colonel, "I can't see any harm in my continuing my former civilian famil iarities with them. We all come from tho same neck of the woods back home, have been in the guard togeth er for years and years and I believe they're quicker to co-operate with me and carry out my orders if I continue •to treat them as members of the fam ily biid call them Dick and Bob and Harry What I'm after is results and if, can get them without having a ramrod up my back, so much the bet ter." "There's a certain "home" spirit in the National Guard regiments that makes for cheerfulness, good behavior and cleanliness. A militia captain, on inspecting some billets one day, came upon a particularly dirty corner. He called the culprits on the carpet. "If I hadn't lived in the same town with you boys all your lives and nown your families I'd say you'd never had any bringing up," he said. "Ted, your mother never allowed you to lie qn the bed with muddy shoes on, did she? Sure, she didn't. And look here, Bill, you wasn't in the habit of spitting all over the sitting room floor at home, were you? I'll bet your par en's would be mighty ashamed of you fellows if they could see this muss around your bunks here." "I've never had to speak of cleanli ness in billets again," he told me. It speaks volumes for the stuff that is in the militiamen to say that hun dreds of them are putting in their spare time preparing for examina tions to enter army schools that will graduate enlisted men into officers. Put your bets on that type of en listed man. He'll delived the goods when the call comes. People easily constipated dread win ter—no fruits, no vegetables to help the stomach. Your best relief, your greatest friend, is Holllster'B, Rocky Mountain Tea, guaranteed to positive ly relieve constipation of your money hontr BRESLOWS. BOYS WANTED. TriDrot. .. GERMANS MUCH INTERESTED IN TRADE AFFAIRS Delegation at Petrograd are Mak'nrj Themselves Thor oughly at Home. «W THEATERS AND CAFES Nothing Too Good in City for Kul- tured Appetites of Visitors. Petrograd, (Monday, Jan 1.—The German political delegates who are visiting Petrograd, headed by Count Von Mirbach, are devoting much of their time to preliminary discussions of the question of trade relations, Baron Admiral Keyserlink declared today that no time was more suitable than the present for making peace, as he considered it probably would be difficult to reach terms with the con stitutent assembly. The Germans and also the Austrians who are in Petrograd arc making themselves thoroughly at home, vis iting theatres, among them the French theatre, and also the cafes and tak ing possession of the reading and lounge rooms in two adjoining hotels in which some entente allied officers are quartered. The delegates expect to return to Brest Litovsk within two weeks. Bulgarian and Turkish delegates are due to arrive here today. SITTINGS IN I'JtOtiKESg. Delegates of Central Allied and Rus sians Discuss Terms. London, Jan. 1.—According to Pet rograd dispatches joint sittings of the Austro-German delegations with the Russian representatives started Mon day, the members of the Brest-Litovsk delegations participating. The dis cussion resting upon the fate of pris oners and trade relations. The movement of the delegates from the central powers from hotel to hotel in search of better rati.ir. has creat ed amusement among the Russian newspapers, which say the Germans love luxury. Consuls of the neutral powers have held a consultation in Petrograd con cerning security of bank deposits be longing to their nationals. According to an evening newspaper the Russian delegates who have re turned from Brest-Litovsk say that the Germans expressed a readiness to evacuate white Russia, but declin ed to withdraw their troops from such bases as Riga and Libau, except in the event of a general peace. A sailor named Kremyeff has been appointed temporary commander in chief of the Petrograd district. It has been' decided to hold a ple biscite in Odessa to determine wheth er that city, the most important sea port of southern Russia and fourth city of the empire in population, shall London, Jan. 1.—Queen Mary sent a telegram from Sandringham today to Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, the wom an suffrage leader of New York, says the official press bureau, reading as follows: "I received with much satisfaction and pleasure the friendly message to me from the women's committee of the council of nation defense of Amer- ica- "Please convey to the sisterhood of your great country the warm thanks of the women of the British empire i. 2 Two signs hang in the show win-i dow of Herman Dworkis' wholesale, grocery in New York. One says: "Closed by Order of the S. Food Administration." The other is a Socialist Party litho-( graph of the recent, campaign with a picture of Socialist candidates. These signs tell the story that al WHMAKEOF BARON} voi-r kuiulmawn" Has he a mole on his chin or what? Every picture you see of German For eign Minister von Kuehlman is one of these "Thinker" poses. Kuehlman has been designated by the kaiser to talk peace witu the Uolsheviki. This Kuehlman seems hard to figure out. He's a bosom friend of old Wilhelm and yet every once in a while he breaks out in a most democratic sort of interview. Me'oby it's all in the game—an out-and-out kaiser man who talks enough the other way to be "seful I" rtioVerin" with persons who have anti-kaiser ideas, eh what? belong to the Ukraine or White Rus sia. A Ukrainian Uhlan regiment which was proceeding to Kiev was surround ed by Maximalists between the sta tions of Gjatsk and Smolensk. The Uhlans refused to surrender and the Maximalists opened fire upon them wit ha machine gun. Two of the Uh lan ofncfris and sevc.ul dozon ot the men were killed. Mercurius. In the mythology ancient pngnn Home Mercurius, or Mercury, to give Ilie English form of the Latin mime, was the divinity of commerce and gain, nnl was identified by the Romans with the Greek Hermes. A temple was built to Mercurius as early as P.. C. 4near the Circus Maximus, and an nltar of the god existed near the Porta Cnpena by the side of a well. Ills fes tival was celebrated on May 2.", and chiefly by merchants who visited the well near the Tonta Capcna to which magic powers were ascribed. Velvet-Making. Velvet was developed and originated from fur In China. Thence velvet making was introduced Into India, and In the fourteenth century into Italy, wliere that sort of fabric especially appealed, and where the nrt of velvet making reached its height. Tribune Want Ads Bring Results. QUFEN OF ENGLAND ADDRESSES WOMEN OF AMERICA THROUGH A NOTE TO ANNA HOWARD SHAW for their inspiring words of encour agement and assurance. The horrors of war have taught us to know one another better and they have strength ened the ties of kinship and mutual sympathy by uniting the women of the English speaking races heart and soul in the struggle for liberty and civilization. "Confident of the valuable help we women can give our gallant sailors land soldiers, I pray for God's richest blessing on our efforts. (Signed) "MARY, R." GROCERY WITH SOCIALIST POSTER IS CLOSED FOR OVERCHARGING wm® though Dworkis aided candidates op posed to the war, he was not averse to making a little war profit. Dwork is held a federal license as a whole saler. One witness swore tha: DwOrkis charged him $14 or 100 lbs of sugar. The purchase, the witness said, was billed at the regular price and he had to pay the balance to the wholesaler in cash. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 2,1918 CAMPS StOWOVER M6HT FMHCE California!) Describes American Military Base in Making. MEN WORKING AGAINST TIME Job Contains Quintessence of Haste* Methodical, Intense, Intelligent, Ef ficient—Troops Are Coming, Sup plies are Coming and Provisionl for Their Housing Must Be Made In Time to Receive Them. A Californlan with the United State* troops writes from ^Somewhere in France Dear It is two weeks since I wrote you. I have been delaying the last few days, expecting to hear from you by the "next mall." The bulk of the "next mall" arrived two or three days ago, but driblets have been coming through dally since. There's another due tonight and— here's hoping. All told I've sent yoo five letters since arriving here—don't know how many arrived. Also I have been rather busy of late. I have been assisting in the pro motion of an epochal event—the first American boxing tournament held In Trance. It took place Saturday night in a strange little theater on a crooked rue in a nearby city before an audi ence of 500 Americans—soldiers, sail ors, marines and civilian employees ol the A. E. F.—and 200 French, mostly women. The feminine ser are greal flght fans over here. All the American sports have beet tried out over here already. Baseball created Interest, but football was sensation. It was while I was on a ticket-sell ing tour for the fights that I got my greatest Insight Into what is going on over here. Base In the Making. I have seen a New York skyscrapei climb toward the infinite, a story 8 day I saw square rods of concrete poured into forms that molded a dam which Impounded a lake and reclaim' ed the fifth of a state I have sees new railroads fell their way acrosi deserts and mountains and rivers. 1 saw the Panama Canal "before thej turned the water in the cut." Mori spectacular these, possibly, but nc more Impressive than an "Amerlqai military base" In the making. And cer talnly no busier. On a certain day a few—a very feti —months ago an American general stood on a certain spot and, shifting I pointing finger, said: "There will be railroad yards, and there docks, and there a rest camj and that building over there will be I base hospital." And from that certain spot todaj one looks and sees what very sooj will be yards and docks and campi and a hospital. In one direction a string of lou wooden buildings stretch* as Jar ai vision. They are ten. abreast. Foui hundred and forty of these buildings ettch capable of housing sixty men Twenty-six thousand troops they wll accommodate. And within an honr'i march are five other such camps. A highway parallels the waterfron' and It was on this that the America* general stood the day he swept hi! finger in the circle and conceived tin Improvements that are becoming real itlea so rnn'dly. A town was wlthli the sweep of his arm. It Is being re moved. Houses a century old are be Ing razed. The space Is needed foi trackage. On the other side of the road th« docks are going In. Dikes are belnf built a quarler of a mile from shori and dredges and hydraulic pumps an banking silt behind them. Work Against Time. The work must be done by a stated date. It is labor against time. Troopi are coming. Material Is coming. Am munition Is coming. And this must bi ready for them. The Job contains tl quintessence of haste—methodical, in tense, Intelligent, efficient. Here ari working thousands Americans French and white-clad German prls oners, unsmiling, slothful, stolid, eacl gang with Its pollu guard, lnvarlablj small In comparison both to hi: charges and the long rifle he carries supermounted with its 24-lnch bayo net. A construction locomotive passei with a tpilnload of rails. Americnt steel I The engineer is in khaki one he wears the red and white hatband of the engineers. Further along is a big, four-storj stone building that was a schoolhousi when Washington was inaugurated. 11 stands with all the dignity of Its apt In twenty acres of groomed forest and lawn. But now It radiates wooden ex tensions, extending Incongruously be neath the limbs of the chestnuts. Open spaces hold barracks. A famous cha teau on an adjoining estate Is betas fitted as officers' quarters. This Is a base hospital—one of many. Its ca pacity will be nearly four thousand wounded and sick—three regiments. Thirty-Three Millions in Motor Fees. A special congressional committee has announced that, according to esti mate, motorists will pay $33,095,000 In automobile license fees during the year 1918. Son Born to Veteran Year* Old. A son was bora recently to Capt, and Mrs. Milton Garrigus of Kokomo, Ind. The father Is eighty-six yean old, and a veteran of the Civil war. On Good Authority. "Daughter, do you think that young fellow is tho man for you?' "Oh, I know it, papa." "How do you know It?" "He told me so himself." Tribune wkui aus wring results.