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en OB *ue ie on en I «r4 bid on eli mi ion ie nd. ha: It hej bin em ud: hie we •i"* ®N I iak ?he ate ore nd t: i'.nd Voi stOO inM If,let -I- •ori & -A '"'T'V ":p^* 1 I 'fif 1^1 *?l I [J(h Mi ja THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE •ntered at the Postoffice, Bismarck, N. D., as Second Class Matter. ISSUED EVERY DAY CMBOROB D. MANN G. LOGAN PAYNE COMPANY, Special Foreign Representative. tnw YORK, Fifth Ave. Bldg. CHICAGO, Marquette Bldg. BOSTON, I Winter SUBSCRIPTION RATES PAYABLE IN AD\»-NCE uaily, Morning and Sunday by Carrier, per month ...» 70 Daily, Morning, Evening and Sunday by Carrier, per month j! Daily, Evening only, by Carrier, per month |u Daily, Evening and Sunday, per month Morning or Evening by Mail in North Dakota, one or owning by mail outside of North Dakota, ^u^ay'ta'ce'inbination with Evening or Morning by mall, one year THE STATE'S OLDEST NEWSPAPER. (Established 1873) THEY'RE COMING. MEET THEM A great exodus from chaotic Russia, largely of Jews, has already begun and it creates a domestic proposition of the largest dimensions. The Jew is a wanderer but he demands a stable government, and the uncertainties about the t»®y_ ernments of fnost European countries naturally make our government, established for over a cen tury, especially attractive to him, and he is un doubtedly coming over to us, sooner or later, by the scores of thousands. Our proposition—and it is a tremendous one is to turn this Jewish immigration to agriculture and horticulture. To permit it to pack the lower quarters of the cities means certain danger to our institutions and criminal negligence toward the immigrants. The Poles as well as the native Russians have rights, right of land ownership and 'most all other privileges promotive of good citizenship. We want to make these incoming people good Americans. The best, quickest way is to make them home owners, or the beginnings of such. We have a big financial machine for the loan ing of money on easy payments. California, alone, has enough untilled, arable land to supply with farms, ranches and gardens all the immigrants that can get over from Russia in a decade. Our problem is to skillfully apply our resources to those citizens in the raw, and it is iipt too early to seriously begin work on it. 1 1 M. rf* Bdltor St DETROIT, Kreaege Bldg. MINNEAPOLIS, 810 Lumber Exchange. MEMBER OF ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the nse uor republication of all news credited to it or not other wise credited in this paper and also the local news pub lished herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULArAN- t) WU ••...* Cleveland Press has issued a call for it),000 men and women to work on farms. We^should volunteer but for the fact that the farmer fqr whom we worked last summer wrote several weeks ago that'he would be too busy this .y eipcisrfte both ered with us. ••Mr*.- SEEING THINGS IN EMPTINESS ,It certainly does make a fellow warm about the collar to get up in the morning and find that there's no sugar for his coffee. But the sugar missing from the sugar bowl is enabling some soldier over in Europe to march much further, stand greater hardship in the trenches than he would be able to if he hadn't that sugar. Sugar is not only a pretty fair fat substitute (heat substitute) but also a stimulant. Hard workers and growing children must have it. That our hard workers, the soldiers, have what sugar they need is as essential as that they have powder, for the war is largely a question of physical endur ance and stamina. Indirectly, the war is being partly fought in our sugar bowls. You cannot see successful raids across No Man's Land, or patrols, or battles in your sugar bowl, but they're there. If some wise man came along and said that you could get along just as well without any sugar in your sugar bowl, at any time, you'd probably laugh at him. But, actually, you eat sugar with your eyes. You enjoy it very largely simply be cause you can see it. Blind men, as a rule, are not smokers, because they cannot see the smoke. Sugar in the bowl is simply a visible and conveni ent form of what you like, and yet you got sugar only in the sugar bowl form, you'd very likely, become thin, scrawny and anaemic. Billions of men got along very nicely centuries before a sugar refiner^ was ever thought of, and every one of them required at least four ounces of sugar per day. They did not demand that they see the sugar in dried dates, figs, raisins, prunes, currants and other fruits or the sugar in beets, carrots, parsnips and other vegetables. Look into your empty sugar bowl. You don't see ^ny sugar but you can, if you will, see sacri fice, JpatHotism and wisdom and a host of brave boys'marching against barbarism on strong legs. It is? to jdrink one's coffee unsweetened and go dowii to the office or store munching a sweet carrot, if needs be! Postmaster Murphy says it is improbable that women will be used as letter carriers in Cleveland. Say what you will about women doing men's work, they are not in meri's class as Jetter carriers. We know a man whose wife says he carries her letters five and six weeks. THE QUEEN IS DEAD When a noted personage dies, be he ruler of a nation or champion prizefighter, we recount again the events of his life, his battles, his triumphs, his defeats, his life's story. We mourn the death of any man who in jife did something better than bis fellows could do it. We are sorry that he is gone and we are glad that once he lived. Not long ago Duchess Skylark Ormsby died. Maybe you have not heard of her death, and may be you did not even know that Duchess Skylark Orm£by once lived in this l^|d. Duchess Skylark Ormsby was a cow. Not an ordinary £w ?but cow ofaaperior accomplish ments. That she lived means more to this country and the world than all the achievements of all the world's prizefighters, wrestlers, and most of its kings, statesmen and millionaires. Jbr Duchess Skylark Ormsby, queen of the dairy world, made it clear, beyond the shadow of a doubt, that it 4»4ii» well-bred cow whieh^viH «nd the milk problems of our future days. This cham all tuna piuiwl tliat me mawcr to our milk and butter questions lies in the quality of the cows in American dairies and not in mere quantity. Were all American milk cows of the Duchess Sky lark Ormsby's standard, the nation's butter and milk supply would be large enough#to meet every demand. The duchess lived up in Minnesota. It was there she broke the world's record by producing in a year 27,761 pounds of milk and 1,205.09 pounds of butterfat. You and your children and your children children will have more milk to drink and more butter for your bread because this queen of dairy cows once lived and inspired breeders of dairy cattle to strive for the ideal cow. "I am pariotic through and through," writes C. W. L., who is in the hospital at Camp Sherman on account of a,broken leg. "I am so patriotic that even my broken bone is knitting." Don't interrupt the Old In hub. In about 25 years from now you'll be stroking your whiskers and sputtering through your false teeth, "T remember in February, 1918—the fifth day of the month if my memory's right—the thermometer—" "Oh, shut up, grandpap." WITH THE EDITORS. WAS AN INSPIRATION The city of Bismarck and the state Dakota certainly demonstrated its patriotism on Monday and Tuesday of this week when the big "war council" was held in the capital city under the direction of the State Council of Defense. Representatives from every part of the state were there and eminent speakers and men who were in close touch with war affairs explained the exact situation to the citizens in a way that would even make an alien enemy turn over to a red-blooded American patriot. Among other things that was especially sig nificant of the patriotism of the state was the mobilization of the Home Guards of the state. There were units from all parts, some in uniform and some in civilian dress, but all came to show their patriotism and to extol their willingness 'to protect the interests at home while our brave boys were defending the cause of democracy, lib erty and freedom abroad. There were some fine looking bodies of men, and who very plainly gave one the impression that it would not be exactly healthy for any German spies or so-called Wob blies" to monkey with anything in this state. One of the purposes of the mobilization of the Home Guards at this time was to get the units united into some sort of form so that they could work together and thus more, efficiently accom plish the ends for which the organizations were formed. A meeting of the Guard men was held Tuesday afternoon for the purpose of talking the matter over, and it is reported that they have ar rived at plans for the carrying out of the work along a more united line than heretofore.—Hazel ton Republican. MORE ABOUT CHAIN STORES According to the Wells County Free Press a meeting of tne subscribers to the new chain-store scheme, held at the county seat last Friday, was well attended. The same Wells County Free Press prints a resolution, pushed through this meeting by Wells Brinton, who presided, condemning The Har.vey Journal for denouncing and criticising the store scheme. A garbled version of the invitation sent to the editor by Mr.' Brinton is printed—but the open letter to Mr. Brinton published in last week's Journal is not printed. The editor is condemned for refusing to at tend the meeting at Fessenden, and his refusal to attend it is denounced as an insult to the farmers. Yet that sam4 store crowd extended an invitation to a Minot editor to attend a meeting in Minot the day before the Fessenden session—and when the editor attended he was not allowed to speak. Mr. Brinton condemns the editor of The Har vey Journal as dishonest and insincere, and says he is working in the interests of large corporations who "are alike oppressing both the farmer and the local business man." Yet Mr. Brinton took pains to advise himself of the present finances of The Harvey Journal, and in his invitation wrote: "We will put you in a position to get out and boost for this organization." Nobody believes that "Big Business" has any strangle hold on The Harvey Journal. The last three years should have corivinced any right minded person that this paper is being run in the interests of the community at large. The editor is open to conviction—but he can't be bought he'll get out of the game first. As stated last week, the editor wants to scrap —if any scrapping is to be done—out in the open not behind closed doors. A lot of noise was made about the Fessenden session being an- open meet ing—but the names of dozens of Fessenden people can* be given who were refused admission. The editor is open to conviction—but not the conviction of dollars and cents. Not a criticism against the chain-store proposition has been an swered in the Townley "kept" press of the state— and that is where they should be answered not in conferences where the possible rustle of green backs could not be heard by outsiders. As in every movement of this magnitude, there are, of course, two alignment sin the public press those for and those against. Those for claim that they are being fought by the tools of "Big Busi ness." Those against claim that this chain-store scheme would be the biggest sort of "Big Busi ness" ever foisted upon the people. And those for rest under the awful suspicion of having their fin gers in that found of $960,000 that is retained for "educational and propaganda work, etc." The Harvey Journal has not denounced any "legitimate farmers' organization." We have yet to be shown that this chain-store scheme is a farmers' organization in any sense of the word. Answer the question? asked by The Journal, Mr. Brinton, out in the open. Until you do, 1,600 fanners of Harvey community are likely to fight shy of your proposition, lliose 1,600 farmers are substantial, hard-headed business men—^most of them—and they are not likely to bite at a bait like yours. Do you know why this scheme is not being tried in Kansas A. number of years ago a pre cisely similar proposition was pulled off on the Kansas farmers, and sevaral thousand- "subscrib ers" were fleeced/ they won't bite Again, and the pteseui pivwoleis kuuii Ibisi^Iiarrey of North -,k :m i\ O* a THE FARMER^ UNION SALINA, KANS. The latest leyeiopn| is what Mr. Townley sumers TJnited' Storey is a revival in North same scheme that Dr. with so much profit to himself among the farmers of Kansas a few years ago. There are a few improvements: from the promoters' point of view, on the Ball plan. It is hardly necessary to say that all the modifications that make 'the Townley etieme different from the Kail project are in the in terest of the organizers and promot ers. There are no changes that throw any additional safeguards abftut the money or the interests of the sub scribers, the men who put up the cash and are expected to furnish the bus iness. Dr. Ball did make some slight pretense of permitting his dupes to participate in the management, and the promised profit of the Ball Manu facturing Company. Townley bars the men who put up the money from :ho management or from any share in the profits of the business. A branch of the Consuihers Stdres Company is organized by securing con tracts for the payment of $100 by eacli member to the company. The *oin pan.v agrees to use $10,000 of the funds subscribed in any community /or the establishment "of a store, and for the iieriod of five years to sell mem* berg merchandise at an advance of ten per cent over wholesale cost and fre'ght. If more than $10,000 is sub scribed in any one community it does not go into the store fund to build up a bigger business and make more prof its for the members'. The contract pressly provides that all surplus ovc $10,000 or wliatever other sum may be specified iu the contract shall be us'id by the company, either in estabiishin: a central buying agency or "to carry on educational and propaganda work along lines deemed by the Board of Directors of the United Stores Com pany to lie ip the interest of or ben eficial to farmers, and for tfee assist ance of fanners organizations such as relate to the economic, educational or political interests of the farmers, or both." Before investing $100 in ff meruber xhip in a Townley store it would be a mighty good thing for the farmer-tor investigate the nature of the goo'Js that he is buying. The 'member dJes not get stock or a stoek certiflciiie' and of course, acquires no voting in terest iu the concern ?noL\ any vplw in its policy or managemfent. 'Thero is no pretense that the member is to share in the profits, either from Inter est on his investment or rebates on Ms purchases] In the contract he waives all interest in all thp money that he subscribes, aftei' Mie $10,000 for the community store is raised, for it is expressly stipulated that any sur plus abqve '$10,000 shall usetl by the Board of Directors foi*'"educational and propaganda work.. It jsliould he understood that this Board of Direc tors does not refer to the men who are selected by the subscribers to manage the local store, but to the Townley Board of dummy directors who have incorporated the Consumers United Stores Company. This. corporation is capitalized for $10,000 divided into one hundred shares of one hundred dollars each. At the last. re port it had already collected $900,000 from the sale ot.,mgipber8hip certificates, or nearly one himdred times its authorized capital stock. This would not be so bad if all this money should Iteiised as capital for the stores, but in many instances only a small portion is employed for tlmt^/purpose. in. a recent court proceeding affftiiipt Townley in which his credftors were trying.|o collect from him as a bank rapt, it was* brought out that In one community six hundred store members ifl&rat fiwewawmiB f1.' -A* y£ -i.m BISMARCK EVENING TRIBUNI CHARMER AND CHARMED OFFICIAL ORGAN OF FARMERS' UNION OPPOSES TOWNLEY PLAN AND EXPOSES KANSAS FIASCO Chain Store Scheme Very Similar to Proposition Worked on Agriculturists of Sunflower State Some ears Ago Says a f^wspaper of National Circulation Official Orpin Farmers Educational Union. ft-of Townley lis "The Oon jpany It iilcota of the and Cooperative Ball worked iv-j-v: imounts to $00,000 for that particular locality. Townley and his dummy di rectors are required by their contract io use only $10,000 in the business established in that place, which leaves them $50,000 to lie used for "education al work ami- propaganda." When the North Dakota Furmers' Union asked Tjvnley ta de^cribe the nature of the, "educational work, that. he projiosed td do with this great income he told them that it was 'none of their damned business. It is evident that the members of the Consumers Uuited Stores Com pany buys no property when he pur chases bis membership certificate. lie has no claim on any profit that "may' be made from his business. He gets no interest on his money. He has no voice in the management of the con cern created by his money .and sus tained by his patronage. He lias notli ing to say about the nature of the "educational work and propaganda" that is to be carried on 'at his expense. The one single consideration that he receives in exchange for his $100 is the privilege of buying'at the store for five years at wholesale cost, plus freight charges.. As the average farm er will not buy. as a rule, more than $200Worth of goods a year at any one store the $10 iuinually that he pays for that privilege amounts to 5 per cent on his purchases, which added to the ten per cent profit that lie agrees to pay, gives the store a profit of 15 per cent on'his business. The aver age profit on transactions in any groc ery store is not very large and annual results depend on the number of times that capital can be turned. The grocer expects and/ plans to turn Ills capital at least twelve times a year. A farm er's store with several hundred mem bers'will do much better than that. The Fanners' Union store at Beloic, Kansas, for example, turned its Invest ed capital about eighteen times din ing the year 1910. If a Townley store is well patronized by several hundred members it should turn its capital fif teen times a year, which meaus-that its teii per cent net profit on individ ual transactions would amount to 150 per cent on the year's business, from which the only deduction to be made would be overhead expense or the cost of doing business, which would really be taken care of by the annual contri bution of $10 by the members. At the end of five years the mem bers participation certificate, which gives him the right to share only li* payments to the store and in purchase* of merchandise, expires and leaves be hind It ntj claim whatever on any of the property or business of the corpora tion. Since this project was launch ed'last fall about $1,000,000 has been paid in by members. At the end of five years the $10,000 corporation that has Collected this million dollars has that money and whatever profits may have been made in the meantime free from all obligations to' members who must come' across with another $100 each if they wish to continue their privilege of buying of Townley and his little bunch of insiders att \yholesale price, plus freight and ten per cent During the past fifty years many schemes have been hatched out and operated for the piiriose of seimrating the farmer from his coin, but for pure un blushing, brazen, shameless effrontery this leads them all. Within less than six months the farmers of North Da kota have jturned million dollars over to a 'company capitalized for only $10, 000 and controlled by a Townley ap pointed board of directors Of three' members only, responsible not to the men who furnish' the money and are expected to furnish the business, but to Townley for their conduct of the af fairs of the company. Any $10,000 cor|H)ration should lie able to do mighty well for its shareholders and directoi if it .has the opportunity, to. use a mil lion dollars of other peoples monej without interest and without any re-' s^sffinm&rltfs i^s&dfi^irsirait ing and management- Tip laaiuavi guew ui ataum T8a V4 ,f ^7 X'' .}• he Townley store scheme does not neution tHe directorate by name, but ifpoiu another source it is learned that here are three directors: Nor})®1: O'Lenry of Fargo Charles H. Heck Wilton, and H. L. Elliot of Minot. •'.')*Lenry is Townley'* private sccrotary ind is well known as a socialist leader in North Dakota. Heck is a young socialist agitator, a coal miner by trade who was never known to have any iiroperty until the Consumers United stores Company was organized, li. Elliott is a socialist who was once a :aiui:date of his party for miiyor of Minot and was defeated. Of coiuse, hese men are dummies only and are he mere agents of Townley, who last week testified in court* that lie organ ized. controls and directs the policies if tile Consumers United Stores t-om mny. It is reported that agents of his corporation are now in Kansas ind that attempts will be made to or ranize Townley stores in various sec tions of this state. These attempts nav succeed, but. Kansas fanners Oiotild realize tlmt this plan is con 'rar.v to every principle of co-operative business practice. It lodges control in few, instead of the many it gives lie maiiv no voice in the management, nor any' share in the profits. It has not a single co-operative feature and liould be exposed by every intelligent Kansas co-operator. HENEY RUNS SCALE OF PACKERS' WORK IN PRICE CONTROL Rejection by Navy of Ham, and Argentine Labor Agitation are Discussed. Chicago, 111., March 2— Letters in troduced Friday in the federal trade commission's investigation of the packing house industry as read before examiner B. M. Manly of the com mission by Francis J. Heney, its coun sel, touched, many subjects and con cerned such widely separated items as the Argentine labor troubles, leaky cans of corn beef, specifications for army and navy bacon, gift packages of soap and toilet articles, and the qual ity of a large consignment of hams rejected by the navy. Adjourn to Monday. The reading consumed more than the usual session and s^t times was varied by comment from the examiner or Mr. Heney. At its completion ad journment was taken until next Mon day. No hint of the probable duration of the inquiry was given. The letters and documents introduced this week are all exclusive of the papers taken from the private vault of Mr. Henry Veeder of Swift &• Co.. by Mr. Heney on a search warrant. Whether these letters 'from the vault" will be pre sented in the investigation depends on the outcome of an appeal to the Un ited States circuit court of appeals by which Mr. Veeder is seeking to re cover possession of the papers. The appeal is set for argument next Wed nesday. THOMPSON HEADS BISMARCK HERD Well Known Lodge Man Hon ored by Antlered Fraternity ,K. Thompson will head E'ismarck lodge, E'enovelent and Protective Or der of Elks for the ensuing year. The post of exelted ruler was conferred upon 'Mr. Thompson at -the annunal election held last evening. Other of ficers named were: Esteemed leading knight—J. White. Esteemed loyal knight—J. P. Sell. Esteemed lecturing knight—C. R. Norton. Secretary—Carl iPederson. Treasurer—I. €. Davies. iler—C. M. Fadden. Trustees—Dr. C. R. Stackhouse. Secretary Carl Pedergon was nam ed representative to the grand lodge convention, to be held at Atlantic City in July, with past Exalted Ruler Wil liam O'Hare^as alternate. There was'a large and enthusiastic attendance of the antlered fraternity, and an interesting discussion of im portant plans for the coming year was indulged in. DISTRICT BOARD HAS BUSY WEEK The district board on appeals from local boards has examined to date 279 registrants for the second draft. Among those down for the week-end were a number of Indians from Berth old reservation, including George Buf falo of ElbowoodS, Tora Youngbird, Thomas Hawk, who was accompan ied by Mrs. Hawk, arid John Hunts Alone. All while here took occasion to call on Curator M. R. Gilmore at the capitol, who is a great favorite with all of North Dakota's native Am ericans. ROSTER OF CO. A NOW ON DISPLAY A handsomely lithographed roster of Co. A, 164th U. S. Infantry, pre company was at Camp Greene, Char lotte, N. I., has been forwarded by John W. Nelson to his' father, N. G. Nelson, who has had the roll-call framed and has given it a prominent place on the walls of the Grand Paci fic billiard rooms. The document is very convenient for pake of reference, and it is the most complete register of JDo. A now available, including all of the boys who left Bismarck with this unit, aa well as some who joined after the company' reached Camp Green. Another Boyhood Ambition. Our Idea of 911 ideal situation would be to be paid a large salary for serv ing in a merely advisory capacity.— Ohio State Journal. WOULD EXPEL LAFOLLETTE Washington, D. C., iMar. 2.—Joseph !. Davies of the federal trade com on' and candidate for the demo- onsljMn a telegram sepit tonight iswer tyjhtptlries ffym his ititfe red that ff eiec'ted",tO the setiiate kould vote for the expulsion ot m* N°kiCof €ii!|IPS 'lift" vjjV'V J1, SATURDAY, MARCH'2,1918 STANLEY H. ABBOT NOW A BENEDICT the nmrriageCo(VStanley H. rB,28thD- ilhethee pi°aUce Conr|at^one, church parsonage at c^on, was a quiet affair not even his menus knowing of his intentions when he left the state in December tie vacation. The» co"Pj® tW itJ at NO 224 Second St. north, The bride this city t. a daughter •of Mr. »nd Mrs. E. Jvundquist of Sioux Falls-^S. D. has been employed as secretary in" the Fenn Brothers Candy fact°^ nt that city Her parents are among early residents of that section of South Dakota. Mr Abbot completed his high school source at Sioux Falls. After gradua tion he enrolled at the North Dakota Agricultural college in Fargo, finish ing the dairy course on Jan. l, soon after which he was appointed assistant state dairy commissioner. During the early part of his schooling at the agricultural college, he took a prominent part in athletics and for two seasons—1913 and 191'4 played on the college football team, which closed both those seasons with a rec- °FMr Abbot is the son of E. H. Ab bot, formerly of Fargo, but now lo cated at Owatonna, Minn., in the jew elry business. MORE PRAISE FOR NORTH DAKOTANS Further praise for the loyal and efficient work (lone by North Dako ta in the national shipyards labor, drive comes from George S. Porter, chief of section of the Council of National Defense, in the following message to F. O. Hells,trom, secre tary of the North Dakota state coun cil of Defense: "I have gone over the reports of the wdrk dode in North Dakota in the drive for ship yard volunteers' presented to me by \Mr. Reynolds. In these reports he called particular attention to the clippings which came in from your district and correspondence showing tle results of your campaign. Through your efforts a great good has been accomplished, and I wish to take this opportunity of thanKin"? you personally for the effort which yo uhave put forth and the results which' you have obtained under ad verse circumstances." Coming to Bismarck Dr.Mellenthin SPECIALIST For His Sixth Tear in North Da kota DOES NOT USE SUR0i$Y Will be at M'KENZIE HOTEL Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, March 14, 15, and 16. Office hours 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. Three Days Only No Charge for Examination Dr. Melienthin is a regular gradu ate in Medicine and Surgery and is licensed by the state of North Da kota. He visits professionally the more important towns and cities and offers to all who call on this trip consultation and examination free, except the expense of treatment when desired. According to his method of treat ment he does not operate for chronic appendicitis, gall stones, ulcers pf stomach, tonsils or ndenolds. He has to his credit many, wonder ful results in diseases Of the stomach, "•ver' hoyfela If you have been ailing for any length of time and do not get any better, do not fail to call, as improper measures rather than disease are very trouble^6 °aU8e apolis, Minn.—Advertisement. BPECftLH-METS MAD HAS AND PERCALE S I S SOFT CUFFS, DETACHED COLLARS—|1.50 VALUES ROSEN '8 oiayonnou .10 I tir & •CM H- i.4l Wood,,, skin,' .jwryes, heart, kidney, ^ladder,., bed-wetting, catarrh, weak lungs,' rheumatism, sciatica, leg ulceus and redtal ail ments. !. ,0»8standing Remember above date, that exam nation °n this trip wijl be free and that his treatment is different. »nnndrT,: 336 6o8t°n Block, Minne 4' ii •ijlfoSii 3 inS OLOTHnfa SHOP •'VU ot Jyj[ *3 i®*' i-ii.'i P-'