Newspaper Page Text
J- '•'f-i I
Probably showers tonight.
THIRTY-EIGHTH YEAR. No. 132.
Situation More Critical Than at
Any, Time Since Big
PEOPLE FACE STARVATION
Even with Reduced- Ration Ef
fective June 1, Supplies
Will Not Suffice
Washington, D. C., May
Total Absence 'ftf Eidteiheht Is
Noted—People Appear I|^
Washington, D. C., May 21.—'Edi
dence of piottinsi b«tw«en j$rman aud
Irish agents in this country for an up
rising In Ireland has been uncovered
by United States government agents,
and is partly responsible iof recent
arrest of Irish leaders, by 'the British
This evidence, which may be made
i4 understood to show def
initely that Irish leaders, mainly Sinn
Feinn sympathizers in the United
States, have been in touch with Ger
representatives who agreed to
furnish money to finance a rebellion
in Ireland. There was
*Ct *»«,t «. #',•«» t.
food situation In Germany, officials!
here believe, is the 4ttost critical it
has been at anytime. Information
reaching Washington from many sour
ces indicate that even with the re
duced rations planned for June 1 the
country will not have enough food to
carry the population through to the
next harvest and further reductions
will have to be made..
The reduced ration was to have
been put iptp operation March X, but
the measure, was postponed In the
hope that grain would be forthcoming
id large quantities from the Ukraine^
When this hope vanished, the Gey-,
man government saw the* reduction
was inevitable. Germany began con
suming her 1917 wheat crop two
months before it was intended to
start on it, and the potato crop has
not turned out' nearly so well as Ger
man agricultural interests had hoped,
PLOT IK O. S:
•V*. /. -i
Government Agents Reported to
Have Unearthid Evlirince
in This Country..
ALL QUIET IN
cussion of the chances of sending Ger
man soldiers to'take part in th£ war
fare on Irish soil.
The uprising was set for about this
time when the Germaus -had ^planned
to /teach the channel port after their
great drive in France, anJit~wffs be
lieved England ^wR^ thrPwn into
confusion by the'German victories.
NO EXCITEME&T |N DUBLIN.
London, Eng.,, May, total ab
sence of excitement in I^ublin Is re
ported in all dispatches tcii the morn
ing newspapers froiju.tlfe. Irish capital,
and as far as is kifown there has been
no untoward incidents In, connection
with the Sinn-Fejftm unrest in the
country. There is no outward indica
tion that anything is happening o.
about to happen outsldejreland daily
A correspondent ofthe Daily Mail
savs the calm is unsenatlonal, and
the people appear unpeturbed by thfc
Conscription in Ireland continues to
Nearly Two Inches of Precipita
toin Reported in Fargo ift
Last Sixty Hours
Fargo, N. D., May 21—Heavy rain
is falling in the Red River valley to
day covering virtually the whole of
North Dakota. The rain will do won
ders for the grain, some of which
needs moisture badly, and some of
which was injured by froet. Observ
ers declare this moisture will carry
the crop to July 1 at least Nearly
two inches of rain has fallen in Far
go in 60 hours.
The temperature is below normal.
NO DUTCH SAILINGS.
The Hague, May 21.—The Dutch
government has prohibited the sailing
of all Dutch steamship? from Dutch
ports. Sailing vessels and costal Ash
ing craft are excepted from the rul
'1 1 vK
According to the estimates of the
French general staff, the Germans
What will the surprise be this
Give 700,000 More Lives.
-Some critics believe it will cohie in
the form of a descent upon the
lish coast by a German fleet greater
Von.. Hertling and Von Kuehl
mann Openly Voice Antag
onism 4o Proposal
London, May 21.—Strong opposition
to the recently arrahged alliance be
tween Germany and Austria-Hungary
is voiced by Chancellor Von Hertllng
and Foreign Secretary Von Kuehlman,
according to reports received in the
and transmitted by the cor
respondent of the Dally Mall. The
chancellor and foreign secretary are
reported to haveiS^dithat they wash
ed' their hands of the entire matter
as they objected to the methods by
which the military part of the con
vention was devised over their heads
by the German higher command.
General Ludendorf is said to be in
sisting that the agreement be passed
and signed at once.
VThe nrflilfcrft sections bind each
party to aid 'the other with, all its
forces, against any and every enemy,
thus compelling Austria to place all
her forces at the disposal of Ger
Indianapolis, Ind^ May
20.—Charles W. Fairbanks,
former vice president of the
United States, is critically
ill at his home here with
Bright's disease. His con
dition was better today than
for a few days past it was
reported, but physicians
stated tonight that he may
SWEDEN SAVES HUN PLANES.
Lohdon, Eng. -May 21.—Two German
aeroplanes of a new and large type
Which were forced to land in the North
Sea were rescued by Swedish steam
ers telegraphs the correspondent of
the Bvchange Telegraph Co. These
are the machines mentioned in the of
ficial British air report as having
been driven down In the sea after the
men along the
front for the new5 drive.
The allies aref not, in the habit of
announcing the' number of men in
their armies, but it is an open secret
that they too, ftave been reinforcing
their lines in' preparation for the
The greater part of their reinforce
ments are made up of American sol
diers, who havejieen pouring to thp
front in a steuy stream for two
months. Among-them are many na
tional Amiy men. The battle will ne
the first test for the American troops.
They will take as important a part in
it as the French and British.
Germane Believed to Be
Preparing Triple Drive..
There have been some Indications
that the German general staff is pre
paring. for a triple drive along these
1—A great offensive against
the French and British on the
West front, calculated to capture
Ypres, Amiens and Arras and
drive thf British to the sea..
naval offensive against the
British fleet in the North Sea.
3—A terrific drive by the Aus
trians against the Italians te cap
ture Venice. •.
Sihcethe war began It has been
typical of .German strategy to spring
a surprise on the foe at the opening
of au&k offensive movement.. The
Mfi^^r 'Sf^e guh. tfie iise^of 11
qttlp fire and poison gas, the Zeppelin
bombardments, arid the most recent
the 75-mile gun that shelled Paris
when the spring drive began, are in
f* Kf *l"»vr»V Ai
GERMANS WITH NEARLY 2,000,000 MEN
RENEW '^EKRIFIC DRIVE ON WHICBI
HANGS THE WORLD'S FATE
(By Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n.)
London, May 21.—The great battle
in Picardy and Flanders is about to
It will be the greatest battle lit the
world's history. The fate jof civiliza
tion depends upon it.
Field Marshal Voji Hindenburg has
been feverishly reforming his divis
ions and preparingpo .renew the of
fensive, It is now ilhdicated that the
finpt blow will be launched this week
—two, months after.-the beginning of
the first stage of tje battle.
Moon Now Favorable
to Hiridenburg'a Pl$ns.
The moon is notf In about the same
stage as at the beginning of the
March drive. Agf the tiermans do
most of their flgSMng at night, Hin
denburg isn't overlooking any little
details like that.
than ever before assembled. But the
British and American fleets are ready
—eager, in fact, for such ,a
This would be merely' a diversion,
and secondary to the gre^t business
which lies before the tJeruian gcfneral
staff—namely, the effort to, destroy
the allied armies and force a German
made peace on the world.
Hindenburg has been quoted as say
4ng that he will sacrifice a million
men to bring victory jn the. nqw drive.
Its first stage cost him 3(K,000, so it
is safe to assume that he will not
stop this time until 700,000 more have
oeen hurled into the inferno.
This forms the beet possible cri
terion of \yhat the battle will be like.
Huge manes of German soldiers will
be thrown, wave after wave, against
the allied lines, to be l«f inlngled
and dead on. the field. OghtiQf
will surpass in hprror anyt^inii that
"World has .y
Foch Must Save
Employing such tactics in. hn of
fensive, we must be prepared tq hear
that the ehemy has gained some
ground at first.
His Armies Intact.
But the German objective is not
the capture of more French or Bel
gian territory,- despite all the. talk
about the drive for the channel ports
atid for Paris.
It's real aim is to drive a wedge
Into the French and British lines
which will enable Von Hindenburg to
cut one or the other armies off, sur
round it and destroy it.
If the aUta can be pocketed in the
southwestern corner of Belgium and
the northwestern corner of France,
this .danger will be come a real men
Qfeneral Foch, coinmander-ia chief of
the allied forpes, 'therefore faces the
task of savink his armies intact, at
whatever. cost, inUerritory. Even
though eh|^!li^^|drivetf t#1ea,
there is etfer£ rl|ra for con(fdeq|ce in
Drive to Be entered.
at Two Points
The German dMve, in the, opinion of
the majority of tlje. military critics,
will be centered ,»t Uwo points:
1—Between Veres and Bethuhe,
on the' jnorthern end bf thevll'ii»—
wftdne into the illied line and cost
the British ^Ne towns of Arm?n
-tisres and jBaHleul. This portion
of the front -is nearest
nel ports of Dunkirk* And .'alais.
The line Hei'e is held miinly by
the British although tome French,
Belgian and P«r*lM»e apits »re
helping- T,hd main purpose of an
offensiv* •tlVpres he not the-cap
ture of thatiriulned city, but to cut
off the! British from thei^wiam
hases at Amiens and Arras.
MARCH AND BLISS
TO BECbME GENERALS
21.—Nomination of Major
General March, acting chief
of staff to be a full general,
and of General Bliss, chief of
staff, to be a general by
brevet was sent by President
Wilson to the senate today.
HANLON & OKES
MUST PATCH UP
City Commission Serves Notice
on Contractors in Down
The city commission by resolution
has served notice on Hanlon & Okes,
thecontractors who laid the bitulithlc
pavement in the down-town district,
that defective, work must be repaired
immediately. In many sections of the
first district the pavement is rutted
and gouged out, and it has caused a
great deal of unfavorable comment.
Under the contractors' bond they have
guaranteed the pavement for a certain
number of years, and the city will
hold them to their guaranty or declare
tehir bonds forfeit.
^FORMER VICE PRESIDENT C. W. 1
FAIRBANKS IS CRITICALLY ILL!
CHARLES W. FAIRBANKS.
BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA* I^JjESDAY, MAY 21, 1918.
WHERE NS HIT ALLIED LINE
Minot, K. D., May 21.-—
Grace Berkelo, three-year
old daughter of a local hotel
proprietor, died in convul
sions today less thai^ ari
candy purchased at a. local
confectionery. An investi
gation to determine wheth
er the candy contained poi
son is bfeirtg made.
Disobedience of Railroad Admin
istration's Orders Given
as Cause for Cut
FIRST TO BE REMOVED
McAdoo Hints That Similar Ac
tion May Be Taken in Other
Cases If Needed
Washington, D. C., 'May 21.—C. W.
Huntington of New York has been re
moved by Director General McAdoo
as president of the Virginian railway
for disobedience of the railroad ad
ministration's order for maintenance
and improvement of his road. Jv H.
Young, of Norfolk, Va has been ap
pointed federal director of the road.
The Virginian is a coal carrying
road running from Deepwater, W. Va.,
to Norfolk, Va. Huntington is the first
railroad president to be removed by
Director General McAdoo but it was
hinted today at railroad administra
tion headquarters that similar action
might be taken against other execu
tives who do.not cooperate well with
the federal management.
The complaint against Mr. Hunting
ton* was that he failed to comply
promptly with the suggestions and
orders of the railroad administration
insisting on technicalities involved
and consulting at length with the
road's counsel before carrying out in
Northwest of Merville, in Flan*
ders Salient, Allies Im
London, May 21.—Northwest of
•Merville, in the Flanders.salient, the
British improved their position last
night, the war office announced
Thirty prisoners and six machine
guns were taken. A counter attack
on the new positions launched this
morning after a .period of heavy shell
ing tras crashed by British artillery
and machine guns.
LAUNCHED TO IMMDTfT
Business Men of Bismarck Are
Asked to Help'
BROUGHT BY PATTERSON
Host of the McKenzie Scored
Beat on Bigger Cities
As is generaly known, Bismarck
has been selected by the Northwestern
Hotel Men's association as the place
for holding the 1918 convention of
that organization, and the time has
now arrived when it is necessary to
set the date and perfect the arrange
ments for the forthcoming convention.
The Northwestern Hotel Men's asso
ciation is composed of proprietors and
representatives of the leading hotels
in six northwestern states, and the
holding of this convention in Bis
marck will be a very important event
for North Dakota and the capital city.
It is very necessary that we complete
the arrangements for entertaining this
convention without further delay, and
I therefore request representatives
of the Commercial club and represen
tatives of all Bismarck hotels to meet
with me in the parlor of the Hotel
McKenzie at 8 o'clock on Tuesday
evening, 'May 21, to set the date for the
convention and complete the necessary
E. G. PATTERSON,
Chairman Convention Committee tot
It is not improbable that- the an
nual convention of the Northwestern
Hotel Men's association, which Mine
Host Edward G. Patterson of the Mc
Kenzie has procured for Bismarck,
will assume the nature of a food con
servation conference for the boni
faces of the northwest. The dates
for the convention have not been
set, but they prabably will be fixed
for a time when Food Administrator
Hoover can send one of his best known
assistants here to address the hotel
men, and it has been suggested that
Dr. E. F. I Add, food, administrator for
'North Dakota, may call a meeting at
this time of the state hotel men who
recently enrolled in a voluntary food
conservation association. Dates for
the convention will be set at a meet
ing of Bismarck business men called
by Mr. Paterson at the McKenzie ho
tel this evening.
The Northwest Hotel Men's asso
ciation covers Iowa, Nebraska, North
and South Dakota, Minnesota and Wis
consin. At ho fifom". annuru con
vention, held at tic Radisson in Min
neapolis last July, Bismarck was un
animously voted the sixteenth annual
meeting on invitation of Mr. Patter
son, who described the capital city as
Ot quits so large as Minneapolis,
*i wool and a ya/d wide, aid
one of the prettiest little towns in
he United Statec." -Mr. Patterson's
invitation received tbp "inw"'
North Dakota Hotel Men's association
represented by President Klaus, and
Bismarck was unanimously designated
as the 1918 convention city. This will
be the first time in the history of
the association that it has met in a
city so small as Bismarck, but the
hotel facilities and other metropolitan,
advantages here are considered more
than sufficient to provide ample en-
(Coninued on page two)
This, attack, however, is not likely
to develop Into a threatening of
All things considered, the heaviest
'fighting willf take place before Amiens.
Herie they' will in al probability de
liver the supreme blow which ©in
briees all Germany's final hopes for
FIVE OF MACHINES
THAT MADE RAID ON
LONDON ARE DOWN
London, May 21.—Of tlte
20 to 30 Gotha machines
which took part in the raid
on London on Sunday night,
five are reported officially to
have been brought down. Of
ficial confirmation is lacking
to the report that two others
fell into the North sea.
FOR 750,000 IN
Fully Million Will Register and
75 Per Cent Will Be Avail
able for Draft
Washington, D. C., May 21.—Esti
mates today by Mijor General Crowd
er that probably three-quarters of a
million men will be obtained for the
army by the registration on June 5 or
all youths who have attained 21 years
of age since June 5 last.
Fully a million youths, according to
General Crowder's estimate, will be
registered. At least one-fourth of
them, he thinks, will be exempted on
PERSHING'S SOLDIERS IN THICK OF GREAT
BATTLE NAVAL OFFENSIVE MAY
COME AT THE SAME TIME a
2—Between Amiens and Mont
didier, on the southern extrem
ity of the line—the Picardy of
fensive. Here the army of Gen
eral Perahlng ia entrenched.
Montdidier ia likely to become as
famous in American history as
Valley Forge or Gettysburg. Sec
retary Baker has stated that
Americavhas half a million sol
diers in France, and of these a
large number are concentrated on
thi« front to save the allied army
from the new blow.
The German strategy in preparing
for this double advance has in mind
twb things if successful, it will force
the' allies to retreat along the whole
line from Montdidier to the sea it
will also prevent General Foch from
shifting his men from one zone to
stem a German onrush in the other.
Second Defense System
Prepared by Reserves
The first contingency Foch has nre
pared for by building a tremendous
second defense system behind the
present line. If the allies are forced
to fall back, therefore, they will be
able to make a stand in strongly for
tified positions, on soil which has
not been drenched with the blood of
It has been confirmed that Foch's
famous "army of maneuver," or re
serve army, made up of troops of all
the allies, under the direction of the
Versailles war council, has been work
ing for months in perfecting 27 lines
of arenches behind the present battle
The advance on Amiens would have
to be in a triangular wedge formed
by the rivers Somme and Avr, which
meet at Amiens. Both sides of this
triangle are under the fire of the
French and American guns, which will
inflict tremendous losses on a Ger
man army attempting to take Amiens.
Heaviest Fighting Will
Come Before Amiens.
For this reason .the Germans will
be in a precarious position, open to
flanking attacks from the south as
well as' the West, unless they first
weaken the allied line to the north of
From Amiens and Montdidier the
line now turns at a sharp angle .to
the east, following the line of J.he Oise
a secondary attack along this line to
attract the, allied reserves away from
the center and to make the battle
appear like an advanqe on Paris
Donnybrook, Talemo and Minot
Boys Numbered Among
Washington, D. C., May 21.—The
casualty list today contained 41 names,
divided as follows:
Killed in action 3 died of mounds
1 died of accident 7 died of disease
2, wounded severely IS wounded
slightly 8 missing in action 2.
Among those contained In the list
Wounded severely: IRVINE E. Mc
CORMACK, DONNYBROOK. N.
Wounded slightly: PRIVATES EL
MER L. DOKKBN, Palermo, N. D.
LYIMON J. JOHNSON, Minot, N. D.
PRICE FIVE CENTSL
How the German
Divisions Are Massed
The French general staff has dis
covered that the German dlvlqlaQS
are placed in this manner along the
Arnlm. mm m
Ten divisions (1SMMQ men) be
tween Nieuport and Ypres, uid«r'
command of General Sixt Vj»li
Forty divisions (480^00 men)
between Ypres and the lafaese
Canal, just north of Arras, under
One hundred division '(1,300i*
000 men) oh the 5frfnlle front bet
tween LaBassee and Mentdiditri
under General Von Below.
It was no doubt because of th»
great concentration of Germans'• be
fore Amiens that General Foch pick*
ed this part of the line to be strength
ened by the American men and artll:
Germany Calls Every ,•
Man and Boy to Front.
To counteract the reinforcement of
the allied armies, Germany has called
Into the fray every man, hoy and ma*
chine she could rake together for fefr
last great adventure.
Traffic on all the German railways
for a week has been stopped to per
mit the passage of troops. They 'have
been taken from Rumania, from RUB*
sla. from the factories and field*—
even from the hospitals of .German?.
Hindenburg has been refittiag^i
vlsions which are half composed^ of
wounded men only partially recovered
and of boys of 18 and 19. Fpr Jto,
beginning of the spring drlvei he de
pended largely on the class \o1j' 1916,
boys of 21, but now he has dipped 4a«
to the natidn's man-power to tha erf'
tent of calling,the classes ^f 1919 and
1-920 far ahead of their'tfinft..
Ludendorf Gives Word
for Renewal of Battle.
For twb weeks allied airmen have
brought reports, of great activity/be
hind the German lines whlle the ip
fan try was idle, resting for the pefr
attacks. In the meantime t.fce,
man artillery t)as been boniberdla*
with ever'increasing tatcnsl'y ihc
whole allied front from fftrfe to
shown tWlr im0$tl«Ji$?
ht-ve tiie drive started and ovfcr vltl.
The military authorities have,
feeding them with excuses,' Btfnh
had weather, the' necessity fof
Ing shattered armies, etc.
iBiit now everything is. in
and Ludendorf,' chief of the
staff, has given the word and.naiped
the date for resumption of the qt*ug
The fate, of the world may be decid
ed in the next few weeks.
Improve Positions Here and
There by Strong Local,
Attacks on Hrnia
Delay In launching of the great :ei
pected German offensive apparently
is giving the allied troops litle con
cern as they Improve their portions
here and there by strong local at*
tackle (Whether the Germans* are
preparing to renew the heavy fight
ing is not yet clear, but strangely
they do not react against the Anglo
French nibbling tactics.
On the Lys front, between Mont
Kemmel f^ndt the hjtfghts of .Mont
Rouge, and Scherpenberg, the French
have greatly improved their positions
in a forward, movement along a front
of two miles! Not only were import
ant gains made, but more than ICO
German prisoners capturcd. The en
emy as yet have made no Counter at
Between the Somme, and the Arras,
the British and the French are har
assing the Germans by rushir.g fhelr
outposts. The German artillery fire
Is especially violent south of-' the
Somme and north of Bethune, uortu
west of Arras. To Bethune has come
the fate of so many other jLowhs
and cities of Northern France and It
is now a mass of ruins as the result
of the German bobardment. Tber is
no let up in the intense aerial activ
ity. British aviators have destroyed
27 German machines, and driven down
3 others out of control, as well as
burning three balloons.
squadrons also are busy beh»nd ,tne
German lines, and Monday a.. ,touo*
bombs was dropped on Landau,'north
west of Karlsrhue on the Rhine, aev*
eral fires were started.
On the Italian and Macedonian
fronts, there have been strong patrol
KILLS FIVE PEOPLE"
Hays, Kan., May 21.—A
tornado sweeping over tne
northern part of Ellis couMp
this morning killed five MM
sons and caused considerable
destruction of property. Mri*
and Mrs. Alexander Gefct
and their three grandchil
dren were killed.
'I i' i* •./:»**