Newspaper Page Text
BY F. M. KIRBY
8pecial Staff iDspatch.
New York, June 7.—Bombardment
of unfortified coast towns on the At
lantic seaboard, air raids by hydro
airplanes brought over by large cruis
er submarines, and extension of the
danger zone to all shipping in the
Atlantic lane to Europe and South
America, face America today, since
the operations of German submarines
off the U. S. coast.
Fourteen months ago Henry Wood
house, governor of the Aero club of
America, pointed out to me the pos
sibility of aerial raids on New York
and our coast cities, as a corollary
of submarine activity on this side of
What seemed then a remote
impossibility is today an immedi
America is for the first time
face to face with real war at her
The sinking of American ships by
the subs on this side is only a fore
runner of what we may expect. II
we awaken some night to the drop
ping of high explosive bombs in our
streets we need not be surprised.
Certain action has already been ta
ken by the government to prepare for
such raids, but of course, if they grow
an actuality, our air defense in' all
cities along the Atlantic and Gull
coast must be built up to rival the de
fenses of London and Paris.
Another thing that niaist be faced iu
the bombarding of undefended coasi
The English watering places along
the coasts were repeatedly shelled by
German light forces during the ear
lier part of the war. for two purposes
—in a campaign of frightfulness toy
which the Hun has always thought he
could frighten his opponent, and sec
ondly, in an effort to cause such a
demand for protection of the coast
towns that the British grand fleet in
the North Sea would be sent along
the English coast to protect the towns,
thus permitting the German high seas
fleet to break through the cordon.
Neither result -was acMeved.
The British were not frightened, nor
did the L'ritish admiralty make the
mistake of disposing'the fleet for the
mere protection of coast towns against
If the German submarines do born
hard our coast towns, such as Atlantic
City, Asbury Park, Ocean City, and
othfer undefended places, there wil:
be pressilre from local interest to
bring bwk,' pur fleet to protect our
Our own nt^vy department will make
no such mistake.
Such isolated raids, while they may
do some damage to property, will have
no effect on the war neither will the
bombarding from the air by stibmar
ine-mothered airplanes have a de
Of course, adequate air,defenses will
toe built up against such attacks, but
raids of this character can only come
at considerable intervals, and Ger
many will not be permitted to trans
fer the war,,jtjrpT^f pyer there to over
GcrmaOtrategy, if it plana whole
sale1 ^bnWine operations on this
side' of ftfie Atlantic,' hopes to create
such a reign of terror on this rilde
that we may not ^contYnue to give et"
hopes to divert us from our main
purpose in the war, to the mere de
fense of our own coasts and shipping.
The naval machinery to meet sub
marine operations on this cide was
perfected long ago. It began to oper
ate the day war wes declared.
Today, many hundreds of scout craft
of every kind, from light erasers and
destroyers down to motor launches,
are patrolling the coast from end to
end. Naval airigibles and airplanes
are increasing in numbers. Mining
and netting operations are very ex-
The naval reserve forces manning
the coast patrol operations
more than a year to perfect the off
shore and inshore defenses against
These men of "N. R. F.'\ some-
selves as the hard-working seamen in
the British navy trawler and motor
launch service have had. The navy
department believes they will give
just as good an accounnt of them
LABOR FOR LEAGUE
BUT NOT TOWNLEY,
SAYS MINOT CHIEF
Minot, N. D., June 7.—L. 0. Gilmore,
president qf the local federation of
labor unions, who was one of the del
egates from Minot to the convention
of the North Dakota Stpte Federation
of Labor, Btated on this return that
while the convention went on record
as endorsing the platform of the Non
partisan League, such endorsement
can in no way be construed as en
dorsement for A. C. Townley and the
other socialist leaders of the league.
"The laboring man of this state,"
he said, "recognize in the Nonpartisan
league a movement which will unite
the farmers of North Dakota and our
purpose waB to encourage such a
union. It is the intention, of the
laboring men to work among the
farmers and educate them on the un
derlying principles of unionism and
thus assist them, in getting rid of
their present leaders. The league as
it stands today is autocratic as the
affairs of the organization are in the
hands of a few self-appointed leaders.
It would be wrong for the labor unions
to denounce the league entirely and
attempt to break it up. What we seek
to do is to save the organization of
farmers and place farmers at its head.
While we endorsed the league's ef
forts better legislation, it should not
be understood by that that the labor,
ing men of North Dakota will vote the
league ticket straight."
First Christmas Presents.
'-'"Ci The custom of Christmas presents
originated from the gifts of gold,
fraakjficeiife and myrrh brought by
rf v*" xtfoo .-A1»v»iwoswij
north of th mouth Qt the Columbia
WHOLESALE BUNDING MAY FOLLOW
CARELESSNESS IN VIEWING TOTAL
ECLIPSE OF SUN WITH NAKED EYE
By DR. L. D. DU N LA P.
Opportunity to study the pathologic
effects of exposure of the human ret
ina to intense sunlight follows each
important eclipse of the sun. After
the eclipse that was visible from
Northern Europe in April, 1912, there
were more than twenty papers pub
lished in ophthalmic journals, that
dealt with reports of cases of this
form of injury, and they continued to
appear for nearly three years after
the eclipse. Isolated cases of such
lesions produced in other ways occur,
•but the most important part of our
knowledge of the subject has come
from the eclipse cases.
The Central Blind Spot.
The symptom always present, and
which generally brings the patient un
der observation, is the central blind
spot, appearing suddenly after the ex
posure and generally relative 'but
sometimes absolute1. Such a blind spot
is hard to map, toeing small, usually
not over 1 degree in diameter, in
volving the fixation point and ofter bi
lateral. In the majority of cases, it
disappears within month, but may
last for several months, or provo
quite permanent. Sometimes blind
spots occur in other parts of the field,
relative ring blind spots having been
notices. Another subjective symptom
iB "dazzling" or ''quivering" of ob
jects. which may be very annoying
and may continue even after central
vision appears to be almost or quite
up to standard. Color scotoma (blind
spot) early and color changes (meta
morphosia) at a late stage are fre
quent subjective symptoms.
Prevention of Injuries.
Prevention of such injuries is the
important practical matter connected
with ellipse 'blinding. The danger
ous exposure occure through ignor
ance and the remedy is education.
This educatioh can be most effective
ly given through newspapers and pop-
.. ... ... ular magazines in thevperiod when the
Public interest in the subject is awak
ened just before the occurrence of
sue han eclipse. On June 8, a total
eclipse of the sun will be visible from
the western and southern parts of the
United States. The path of totality,
lasting from one second to two min
utes, will enter the United States
acr0S8 dozen 8tates will reach the
Atlantic oceani north of the center
Qf ea8t coast ot Florida. This
will be a most striking phea-
om^on throughout a region
ed by one hundred million people. In
every part of the United States more
than half of the sun's disk will be
The opportunity and responsibility
fo rthe education of the public will
be a grea tone for the oculists living
dering such public service that the
Reach France" men now have the
same opportunity to distinguish them-
profe88|on can" get and hold the lead.
ership of pubIic thought with regara
to the matters on which its leader-
ship should be admitted and reqog
3,500 Cases of Blinding.
After the eclipse of April 17, 1912,
it was estimated by Werdenberg that
*3,500 cases of eclipse blinding occur
red in Germany. Corde learned of 387
cases, of which 166 were severe. Birch
Hirschfeld reported 4S cases involving
50 eyes and 39 cases involving 54
eyes, all but seven of which showed
ophthadmascopis changes were re
ported from the Tubingen clinic. Ir
some such trail of disability does not
follow the June eclipse, it will be be
cause the intelligence of the Ameri
can people is appealed to by a cam
paign of ducation. The time for it it*
short what is to be done must be
Bismarck Readers Can No Longer
Doubt the Evidence.
This Bismarck citizen testified long
Told of quick relief—of undoubtea
The facts are now confirmed.
Such testimony is complete—the evi
It forms convincing proof of merit.
iMrs. C. H. Casper, 519 Front street,
says: "For years I was troubled by
kidney compaint. I had sharp pains
in my back and general weakness
through my hips and limbs. I was
tired and depressed much of the time
and my kidneys acted irregularly.
Doan's Kidney Pills cured me of the
Relies on Doan's.
•Over two years later Mrs. Casper S
said: "I find Doan's Kidney Pills as S
goo dnow as when I last recommend
ed them. Sometimes a cold settles 5
in my kidneys, but Doan's always re
'Price 60c, at all dealers. Don't
Bimply ask for a kidney remedy—get
Doan's iKdney Pills—the same thai
Mrs. Casper had. FosterlMilburn Co.,
JflfFP PwffftlQ, 'N.
done at once. The agencies that can
be used most effectively in this work
aire the newspapers and the public
Care is Advised.
The eclipse of the sun is a striking
opportunity for teaching children the
rudiments regarding the movements
of the heavenly lMidies and it will be
utilized in a great miany schools for
that purpose. Along with such teach
ing should be some simple instruc
tions with regard to the danger ot
watching the eclipse with unprotected
eyes and the meaifb of avoiding such
danger. The newspapers, always on
the alert for what is sensational and
exceptional, can be utilized to give the
widest publicity to the subject of
eclipse blinding, in' the shortest time.
The means of preventing, eclipse
blinding are extremely simple and uni
versally available. It is merely-neces
sary to reduce the light of the stfn
within the limits of what the human
eye ca®:_stand without injury. Whet
ever a'&atch and a piece of window
glass are available, the old fashioned
smoked glass can be prepared. But
a more cleanly, safe, convenient mean*
Is a piece of developed photographic
film. The part of a rather dense neg
ative that represents the sky may
be rill that is necessary but film es
pecially exposed and prepared for the
purpose is tnbetter. Opticians, durg
gists and venddrs-of photographic sup
interested in beelng
that the public is well supplied with
this pdeventive of eclipse blindness.
A card with a pin-hole in it can 'be
used, provided the hole is not more
BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE
IS MESSAGE OF U-BOATS OFF OUR
This picture of the latest type.ot Germart super-submarine was printed recently in the Dutch daily Die Amsterdammer, and Reproduced in English
some extent with the descriptions made by survivors of the U-boats that have been sinking vessels off the U. S. coast on the sea-lanes from New York,
superstructure. So far as known, no actual photographs of this latest sea-monster have been received in the United States. :m iP
Extra fine quality imported pongee silks in na
tural color. The most serviceable of all silks,,.
Regular $1.75 and $1.50 quality, Friday and Sat
urday special at per yard I
S DAonshire Cloth
Devonshire cloth is one of the. most' popular of
S all fabrics in use today. Its durability and wash
ing quality is unexcelled. We offer a large as-.
8ortment of checks, stripes and plaids QO
5 special for-'Friday and Saturday per yard
than one-half millimeter in diameter,
But this is inferior to the photographic
Washingtpn, jupe V—The army cas
ualty list,, todayvconiained forty-eight
names divided as follows:
Killed in action 17 died of wouAds.
12» died of accident died of dis
ease 7 wounded severely 6.
Among officers named was Lieu
tenant EarLiH. Neville, Winona, Minn.,
"who died of aeroplane accident.
KILLED IN ACTION.
Lieutenants Robert B. Anderson,
Wilson, N. C. Grosvenor P. Cather,
Bladin, Neb. Henry Wi. Clarke, Bos
ton Corporals Joseph Drubkin, Lodi,
Cah Herman L. Evans, Lebanon Junc
tion, Ky. Silas Triplett, Hunting
Creek, N. C. Privates/Joe W. Bouret,
Sheyenne, .N. D. Clarence Henry
Caw, St. Joseph, iMo. Raymond E\
Cutbbertson, N«bo, 'X. C. Chas. Doan,
Alger, Wa&h. 'Walter W. Hawk, Cin
cinnati George Olen, Frocktot*,
Mass. NasV B. Shaheen, Hoorhead,
Minn. Guy JV. Showers. Harrisburs,
Pa,: Mike -Sinlnvich, Easton, Pa.
Harlie C. Smith,%Middleton,. N. Y.
.Lewis Stricklrndf. Cere Gordo, N. C.
OlfD OF WOUND8.
Lieutenants Lynn H. Harriman, Con
cord, N. H.: Welfiborn S. Priddy, Ch*-,
cago Corporals Otto G. Abbott, New
Kirk, Oklai-:' Robert Flnnegan, Pitts
burgh Mechanic Hermail Hansen, Ed
more, Mtalu yprita/te^. WlUlatfi h- t3ai
ter, St. Paul, Ind:, wike'ChriR^ansoh,
San Pedro, C»l. '^iniari W*: Go&
nell, CJreenville,, Te^nn. »Cabe Keen,
Pinola, Miss:r-u.Leop/ R. Mathewfe,
Springfield, Mass. yfjouis -C. Siyer,-
Every suit and coat was designed for this sea
son's wear. Suffice to say that the newest styles, the
newest colors, the newest fabrics—will
be found in this sale. The prices1 will be
Values up to $37.50 now $18.50.
Values, from $38.50 to $48.50 now $28.75.
Values from $50.00 to $65.00 now $35.00.
Values up to $25.00 now $14.75.
Values from $37.50 to $49.50 now $28.75.
Values from $50.00 to $65.00 now $35.00.
Fancy Silks—Lot 1
In this assortment are many pretty plaida^ checks,
stripes and plain colons. Regular $1.25 quality.
Friday and Saturday special
at per yard
First in Style First in Qu^ity Foremost in Value
-r .v •. 4
AS MAY RAID UNITED STATES COASTSLATEST HUN SUPER-SUBMARINE, SUCH *.:•)
Vergas, Minn. Arfville Scroggins, Vis
DIED OF DISEASE.
Brigadier General Robert E. Michie,
Staunton, Va. Sergeant Edward
Keamer Agnew, Carrick, Pa. Band
Leader Hirtm A. Cole, ligIewood,,Cal.
Privates Chester Bri&by, Jacksonville,
Texas William* H. Harris, Marietta,
Ills, George E. McKenna, Far Hills,
N. J. Bpnj. C. Wood. Lynn, Mass.
DIED OF ACJWENT.
Lieutenants Livingston] L. Baker, air
plane accident, an Frftnclsco Duncan
R.' Grant, airplane accM^#t, New York
City Earl H. Neville^'airplane acci
dent 225 East Broadway, Winona,
iMinn. Privates George E. Finicle, Hu
ron, S. D. GeorgA Jacob Frymire,
Monmouth, 111. Emanuel G. Williams,
Morristown, N. J.
Corporals Vester A. Benson. Ches
ton, Iowa Ira M: Curtlss, Virginia,
Minn. Pricates eBrnhardt Bottolfson,
Hartington, Neb. Walter J. Ungent,
larfge aBsortment of crepe de chines, kimona
silks and drapery silks—a fine selectio nof colors.
Regular 85c quality, Friday apd Satur
day:special per yard
I ,• SpiArt Suitings .-w--•
'"36 in. .'sport suitings in a handsome assortment
%of pretty Japanese designed patterns. They are
|..worth 50c a yard. Friday and S^t
urday special, per yard.
Fancy Bath Towels
We are offering special for Friday and Saturday
an extra large collection of fancy bath towels in
.blue, pink, lavender and yellow borders at
ONE-THIRD OFF REGULAR PRICE
W an S re
One lot silk and wool dress goods—a good selec
tion of colors—special Friday and Saturday at
.' r*M«ttu «. t.
wood, N. J. Robert 0. Muede, Meri
•Previously reported missing:
IMprgeans Joseph P: Nolan, -IfMrtford,
wahn.: Frank It. Smith, ReverC Mann.
Corporal Hehry E. Woods, Brooklyn,
N. Y. Privates Geo. Korman, Newark',
N. J. Edward Patenude, West Haven,
(Previously reported missing—now
reported dead 'by German Red Cross).:
Lieutenant Ralph M. Nobel, Gales
Early to bed nnd enrly to rise make
a mnq henlthy, wealtliy nnrl an awful
bore.—fchlcago Evening Tost.
newspapers, from one of which this copy was made. It agrees to
carrying as it does, two guns mounted on the deck and one on the
QUEST ENDS IN
(Continued From Page One.)
£d his wheat to the Temvik mill. This
institution has been under surveih
ance for some time, being suspected
of selling wheat flour with iut substi
tutes. MY, Roberts 'now has in his
custody 700 pounds of flour shipped
from the Temvik mill to Bismarck,
without substitutes, and which was
seized by the food commissioner for
transportation to our allies in France.
It is alleged that Dougherty hauled
his wheat the long distance to Tem
vik, instead of marketing it at the na
tural delivery point. Hazelton, because
he knew he could leceive white flour
"Bear" In Mind
Try its good taste today
Let the whole family try it.
See how you will all like that good taste
is pure—nutritious—and non-in
A very remarkable soft drink.
FRIDAY, JUNE 7, l(tl8.
At grocers', at druggists*, etc.
—in fact at all places whma
The Oldest and
in ihis section of
in exchange for it at Tpmvik*
'Well Krpwn Worr-n
(Mrs. Perras was one of the best
known residents of the Hazeliuu com
munity, where she had made her home
for more than ajquarter-century. In
addition to Mrs. Dougherty, there sur
vives another daughter in Hazelton,
Mrs. Earl Kurtz.
Tooth "Born'' in Night.
Minnie is fond of ber infant.brother
and delights in tickling his iips to hear
him coo, and make him smile,, and
one day while amusing herself this
way her little brother showed a tooth
that had protruded in the night. She
called to her mother: "Come see the
tooth what was born in brother's
mouth last night."
Forty United Profit Sharing Coapou (2 ooopoiu-Mch
draomiaation, 20) are packed ia every cue.
Exchangeable for valuable premiums.
LEMP Manufacturers ST. LOUIS
MANDAN, NORTH OAKOTA.
ENLIST IN THE ARMY
Even though you can
not join the army or navy
you caii enlist your dol
lars in the service of* the
government in various
You can save for the
purchase of future Lib
erty Bonds as well as for
the purchase of War Sav
ings Stamps. Further
more, it is a duty you
owe to yourself and to
your country to maintain
a surplus fund of ready
,• -J-r... ...
Our .Savings Depart
ment is the ideal place
to keep this money as it
affords absolute safety
ana every convenience.
Depository for1 Govern
ment, State, County
and City Funds,