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t- ,i 4 'k r«l W .- & ii JP» L* THB WEATHER Pair tonight. 2 THRIFT MUST FINISH WORK YANKS BEGAN Finances for Rehabilitation of America Must Come from, Savings of People CAMPAIGN OF EDUCATION American Citizens to Be Taught One Great National Vir tue They Lack 1 Thrift must finish the work so well xegun by the Yanks over there. Thrift must make America a nation sufficient unto itself. Thrift, by creating new capital here at home, must replace the millions which we have annually drawn from the old world, a world which now has no funds for foreign investment. Thrift must be established as the newest and the best of national vir tues. These are some of the points which Dr. George N. Bauer, professor of mathematics at the University of Minnesota, now serving as vice di rector of the Ninth district war sav ings division of the national war loan organization, pressed home in address es delivered Wednesday before each house of the general assembly and to county chairmen representing the War Savings organization of the south western district of 'North Dakota. He also spoke at a luncheon at the ft rim Pacific Wednesday evening. Campaign of Education. The war savings organization has undertaken a campaign of education. It hopes to Inculcate in the American people one sterling quality which they have lacked—thrift. It hopes to breed a new generation in whose cos mos thrift will form a vital compo nent. It hopes to pave the way ior/a permanent and systematic savings which will enable America in the fu ture to stand on Its own feet, to fi nance its own railways and industrial projects, buy its own government and commercial bonds. It is looking to the day when America can sign a new decoration of independence—finan cially, commercially and industrially. He Tells Some Stories. In addressing the legislature Dr. Ilauer told some pat stories. One was of two boys, with equal educational advantages,' one endowed with many acres of ferltile land, and other pen niless, but bleBsed with ha^ic* of thrift. He told how ibe one gradual ly lost hifi character -with the fortune whjeh had come to him aiv? how the other while building up a fortune through thrift at the same time built up a strong character which made him a man among men. He declared the call for patriotism today greater than at any tlmo during the war. Wihen the wArtfhd 'Ui)6nJU3 our emo tions welre fed dally by news fr «m the front, by farewells to deoartlng sol dier boys, by heroic deeds performed by them'across the seas. We were at the peak, standing on the height?. 'Now we have none of that excitement, none of the emotional appeals to the senses, only a strong, firm demand for steady, sane, constructive patriot ism. We Must Yet Pay. The war is won, but its cost is not paid. America is now spending two billions a month. Dr. Bauer endeav ored to impress upon his hearers the magnitude of. this sum by stating that if a string of box cars oaded to capa city with two-dollar wheat were to be stretched from the Pacific to the Atlantic it would represent in money value but. one billion dollars, and Uncle Sam is paying out twice that sum every month. This stupendous expenditure must plextty qf adjustments and abatements be financed by the people here at I as a result, said the auditor. home. Uncle Sam must have money! Roylance defended' his plan, al to pay his own bills and to loan the though he admitted that it was entire crippled nations of the old world to ly new and altogether theoretical. He enable them to pay theirs. He must I confessed that no American State had finance starving Europe in order that adopted such a plan of classifying it may buy .our wheat. The money property for taxation. Senator iMees saved at home and loaned abroad will of Morton supported the state audi return to us in payment for Our pro- tor's contentions. duce and our manufactured articles.! Auditor Kositzky attacked some ot It will act as a stabilizer on the price! the other league taxation bills which of wheat and other food stuffs, on the are before the committee. He ob high standard of wages established jected to the plan of creating the of during the war. What Thrift Will Do. The speaker told of many things which may be accomplished through systematic savings of the ease with which families in poor circumstances may lay aside a small sum each year to provide fc»r the education of their children or to acquire a home. The nusiness man who saves $1,000 per annum through additional thrift can hire with that amount $20,000 of cap ital to work for him a whole year. He spoke. of -the national develop ment which will follow greater thrift, of the expansion which will be pos sible here at home, in North Dakota, whose bond issues must be bought largely by its own people, because the capital of other states is being employed at home. He declared that he had recently heard an address by a great man who classed the humble thrift stamp as one of the three great (Continued on Page Four.) chart the course of business in the Atlantic City congress or grouo meet west daring the readjustment period, ings including Harry A. Wheeler, Leading business men, professional president of the chamber of commerce men( agriculturists, city officials ana of the United States J. Ogdea Ar goveraors from every state west of. mour. Davfd F. Houston, secretary of ,A the "Mississippi will meet In over twen- agriculture, and John Barrett, director '-^f ty group meetings to outline a plan general of the Pan-American Union of procedure and create the machin ery for putting it into action at Wash ington and elsewhere. FINLAYSON LOSES FIGHT TO ESCAPE PRISON SENTENCE Supreme Court Denies Bismarck Blindpigger Rehearing on Appeal Prank Finlayson, after being twice convicted in the Kidder county dis trict court for violations of the North Dakota liquor laws, failed in his last effort to escape serving the two-years prison term imposed when the su preme court yesterday denied his pe tition for rehearing in tfie appeal which the supreme court recently de cided in favor of the state, uphold ing the judgment of the lower court, wmile Finlayson was convicted in •Kidder county on two separate counts and was sentenced to serve two years under each conviction, the court de creed that the terms should run sim ultaneously and not consecutively. CONFISCATION, SAYS KOSITZKY OF TAX PLAN State Auditor Opposes Classifi cation Putting Big Burden on Land I S W I State Auditor Kositzky assured the committee on taxes and tax laws yes terday that the classification of prop erty proposed by Prof. W. G-. Roy lance, the league's tax expert, would result*. In confiscating many work men's homes and the property of small farmers. He declared that he cotfId not himsqlf afford to continue to own his home in Bismarck under, the proposed classification. He op posed the Roylance bill not only on, grounds of its alleged constitutional''' ity and because he held it to be conf iscatory in its nature, but he also fice of county assessor, which he de clared would add 53 public employes to the payroll in the state and would accomplish nothing which cannot now be accomplished through the office of the county auditor. He declared the state was adopting a plan which would result in spending most of the taxes in order to collect them. The state auditor promised the committee that if the league plan of taxation went Uirough the state would be compelled to confiscate for taxes at least 200 lots in Bismarck which classed as unused land and assessed at their full value, would cost the owners in taxes more than they would ever be worth. THREE BURNED. Seattle. Feb. 6.—'Three persons were burned to death in a fire which destroyed a lodging house In lower Seatle today. Twelve were in jured. TO TALK RECONSTRUCTION AT OMAHA CONFERENCE Omaha, Nebr., Feb. 6.—The trans-j The Omaha congress will have the Mississippi readjustment congress to active cooperation ?f the chamber of 1..14 rw»h. is *n —... commerce of the United States which be held in Omaha. Feb. IS to 20 will organiied the IndlI8trlal at the Agricultural, manufacturing and good roads problems will be among the im portant phases considered.' •5 THIRTY-NINTH YEAR. NO. 32. BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA THURSDAY, FEB. 6, 1919. ROYLANCE Official Quotes form Experience and Expert from Theory Before Committee COMES BACK STRONGER. Prof. Roy lance from tfie land of somewhere who has oeen sum moned into North Dakota to help tax its citizens and whose num ber State Auditor KOsitzky se cured early in the session, has amended his pet measure provid ing that ail city lots valued at more than $2,500 shall pay tax on a valuation of 100 per cept and sixty per cent 'under that figure. It is just another attempt to shift the taxes onto the city property holders. STIFF TAXES IMPOSED BY MEASURE Federal Budget Provides for General Increases to Pay for the War WILL GO AFTER INCOMES Nation Must Raise Six Billion During Next Fiscal i.,- Year Washington, Feb. fi.—Rates on transportation, amusements, tobacco, club dues, and luxuries, stamp and special taxes, were adopted by the conferees on the new tax budget. I The principal rate increase agreed to in cbnference were to raise the co~ poration income rate of 1920 from 8 per cent as proposed by the senate to 10 per cent, and an increase of 60 to 6f. per cent in the second (bracket) or sliding rates on corporations' excess profits for this year. The 80 per cent war tax for this year was adopted and extended to 1920, but to be made ap plicable i\ext year on profits only from government contracts. The bracket rates for 1D20 also were approved, Retains Surtaxes. In the important income tax section, the bill retins all surtaxes proposed I therein. It fixes the rate for subsequent 'years at 10 per cent. The 12 per cent normal rate on individual incomcs year, and s^per cent^pay- able in 1920, are retained with indiyid ual exemptions of $l,0fi0 for single and $2,000 for married persons and an ad ditional exemption' of $200 for each dependent minor. Also are adopted provisions thftt principals shall only pay 6 per cent this year. The surtaxes ranging from 1 per centon incomes between $",000 and postcards effective July 1st next. Extending the Reed bone dry prohi bition law to the District of Colum bia. Increasing from $25 to $100 the ta\" on thoae tiealing in intoxicants includ ing "stills" in-prohibition^ territory. For taxation of salaries of federal Official# including »the president and judiciary "but not-'of state officials. For taifc'b'n^lt government contracts by contractors on demand of the .in ternal revenue collector. Establishing "an advisor tax board in t£e treasury wifi' j^sftri&ting -the sale 'And use£of riarabufc«i/Hy strength ening the Harrison drug act. -,i' 'Tfeh-fjicfeefe. 3-fi ,The nrovttlon for tatfes on ttans- declared the scheme so complicated nortatiori effective Aoril largelv fol that it would confuse and congest the tax-levying machinery of the state. The state auditor pointed to the fact that property in this state is as sessed only in odd numbered years and that land now assessed as unused would so stand on the tax rolls until 1921, even though its owner might break it this spring and put in crop. The same would hold good, said Mr. Kositzky, in the case of city lots. Such a lot, now vacant, might be assessed this spring as unused land, while dur ing the summer a workman might erect a home upon it. He would, how ever, re required to pay taxes on the lot for two years as "unused land." There would be a never-ending com- lows the existing law, but reduces from 10 per cent to 8 pfer cent the levy on seats, berths, and stateroom ac comomdptions in parlor cars or on ves sels, fixes rates on telegraph, tele phone, and radio messages at 5c on those costing 15c to 50c and to 10c on those above 50c, and imposes a new tax on private or leased telephone and telegragh lines, except press wires, of 10 per cent of rentals. .. ..... With the submission to congres to-1 "i01111"1,?" He's Headof the Public ^ervic^ Division V, THBZLJU* One of the first things that Director General Hines of the U. S. railroad ad ministration did was to appoint Max Thelan, a former railroad attorney and more recently chairman of thfj California railroad-commission, direct or of the division of public service in the railroad administration. APPROPRIATION BILLS ALREADY nd '$6,000 to 65 per cent on more, introduced up to February I, prepared than $1,000,00 clso were 'approved.- ^y the state budget board, shows a 5 Of the important general legisla-ilolal ot $6,088,1^2.21 called for to '"f" Jamong 5' Compilation of Measures Not In cluding League Industies Reaches $6,088,127.21 A tabulation of Appropriation bills tion and "riders- the conferees adopt- finance the state during the ensuing a"c ^n,nnu' ,YZ biennium, exclusive of several appro-!,, that ample time may be allowed *1 Hie neonle tn fnmilinHvA ihnmuoiv«u ed the following: Levying a prOl ucts of phild la'oor. vided for in bills creating the state Levying prohibition tax on prod-! Priations of $100,000 and $200.r000*'pro- PretWar Rates. conimTs'sion C°Banfe^^ Restoring pre-war rates, on letters bills will come be hnilillrip AaKnraniinn iiml niill. UruBy, When H. Li. building association and.v^lier utili ties and enterprises. Anthony Walton, who is a member of tip'board as chairman of' the appropriations com mittee of the 1917 house, estimates tnat the appropriations which will ue self-sustaining, will reduce the whole amount to be levied by about $1,000,000 and he hopes that ''appropriations ex- berculogis indemnity $100,000 for transportation in consolidated school districts $50,000 for the contingent fund $3,029,517.97 embodied in the general omnibus bill including execu-j tive, legislative, judicial and school I expenses $210,565 for the ionstitu- tion for the feeble-minded at Grafton $75,000 on fire insurance premiums $50,000 for the state hail insurance de partment $00,000 for the maintenance In fixing the transportation rates. the state mihtia, $100,000 tor voca the commutation trips are exempted, itlonal training, and $106,000 for mem- day of the long' delayed "wa^'revenue! Pri^°ns bills comprising this total bill the American people were pre-1 of $6,088,1-/.21 already have been sented with their 1910 tax budget killed. something over six billion this year ji rnMMfooiAM and four billion hereafter subject to (INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION TO RUN OUR STREET CAR revision' of Hfiext cringress. I The cdnWWncfe report was regarded I as sure of Adoption by both house and I senate. It thus promises to be thej Control of the state trolley line in dent Anthony .Walton of Minot is al iuture American tax yield which is Bismarck is transferred 'from the ready in the city, serving on the state now about $4,370,000,000. Beside this board of control to the state indus- budget board, and he is making prep year's tax levy Of six billion further trial conimisison by Senate Bill 175, a rations for the big meeting. The treasury need to be raised by bonds introduced Tuesday. The industrial sessions will be held in the Commer are estimated at 12 billion. commisison is authorized to make cial club rooms. Major A. W. Lucas Except for slightly increased war such extensions as it may deem neces- will deliver *4he address of welcome excess profits and corporation income sary. Twenty thousand is appropri- Wednesday morning, and the govern «CnriHnuefl on Paee Riehr ated for the use of the commisUon. or will speak. FIRST PICTURE OF SYNDICALIST RIOTS IN COPENHAGEN fi* This is the first picture received ill America of the Snydicalist rioting in Copen hagen. Street cars were stopped and red flags were everywhere during the- demonstra tions. Observe the agitator addressing ii crowd from tjie top of a street car while he holds a red flag in one hahd and Emphasizes his' word4» with the other, u: Attorney General Expresses the Opinion, However, That Roll Call Is Advisable LEAGUE BILLS OUT SOON Industrial Commission and Bank of North Dakota Measures Due Saturday Attorney General Langer gave the. house as his opinion Wednesday that under the emergency amendment to the constitution a separate vote is not required on measures carrying an emorgoncy c'nuse and which receive a two-thirds vote. The attorney general I suggested, however, that to be safe I a separate roii-caii should be had. in the state board of regents case of 19!,, the supreme court divided even- ly on this question, and thfere seems to be no precedent which can be safe- ly followed in the ,present instance. I The question was put up to the at torney general as a result of the vote on the emergency clause attached to nouse liill r5, providing for state mine inspection. The bill proper re ceived more than two-thirds of the vote in the house, but the emergency clause fell short, members explaining their negative vote by stating that they believed the mines Should be allowed time to prepare to place the act in operation. Every import Ant league measure before the assembly carries an emerg ency clause, and it is probaole that under Attorney General Langer's bifurcated ruling a separate roll-call will be had on each of these emerg-1 encies. There is said to be some sen-1 timent leaguers to defeat the emergencies on tlies measures in or der that ample time may be allowed 11!101 lhe people t0 Tw0 clusive'- of those provided for the slon* which in the original bill is con league program, may\*4)e kept, within including league appropriations, of $6,-1 000,000, which is fifty per cent greater jjhan the whole budget for the last bi enniuAi. ,• fiT-he total of $G,088.127.21 includes Srnili itertis as $40000 for the board of sucq itjems as $40^000 for bovine tu- the most important league come before the house Sat 17, creating a state owned utilities and enterprises, and II. B. 18, establishing a Bank of North Dakota, will be reported out of the state affairs committee. Both of these bills carry an emergency clause. There is a growing belief that H. H. 17 will be amended to increase the membership of the industrial commis- c' t0 *5..C(10 000. This would give a gr^nd era! and commissioner of agriculture aggregates-tor' the ensuing two years,,ant' governor, attorney gen- lal,or- TO HOLD ANNUAL MEETING HERE National 1 President of Great Farmers' Organization Will Address Dakota Branch The Xorth Dakota Society of Equity will hold its annual convention jjisinarcjt next LANGER DOUBTSlONE-THIRD OF PEACE NEED OF EXTRA EMERGENCY YOTE familiarize themselves with the provisions of these measures before they become effective. Wednesday and Thursday, when the national presi dent of the organization will address the Flickertail members. Because the assembly is now in session and because the Equity society is much ^te^ed in pending legislation, I large attendance is promised. Presi- v.* V..-- isA2*. 1 J. T. O'CONNOR. "Victory" and there will be orchestra music and community singing led by •Jt'rs, ^^ohn Graham. There will also lie asolq,by Mrs. Graham and a duet by Messrs Humphreys and Halverson. The public is invited. There wilf be no admission. The meeting is staged to celebrate the event of world peace and also to commemorate victory in the world war. UNCLE SAM TO PAY SOLDIERS DURINGJ5TUDY Government Will Send Yanks to School and Give Then $65 Per Month Harry \V. Jones, district vocational officer of the federal board for voca tional training, division of rehabilita-!'eague investigated. Hnv ednes-! day on the government plans for I The board, stated Mr. Jones, intends to offer to any soldier or sailor whose incapacity is of a degree of ten per cent or more vocational or industrial training in any standard school, col I lege or university, or in an industrial plant- for such a number of years as may be required to prepare him to assume a useful place in the world. Paris, Feb. 6.—Germany is pictured as a land of grave yards by Lieut.-Col. Harris of the U. S. medical reserve corps who has just returned to Paris after having investigated conditions. He said the German nation is bank rupt and that probably no one will ever know the casualties suffered by Germany. There are no eggs, no meat and no butter. Shop girls have lost from ten to forty-five pounds, while everyone shows a lack of vi tality. "I found children going to school," he said, "with paper sandals to which wooden soles had been add- i. _W r« CONFERENCE WORK DONE LITTLE NATIONS WIN POINT Gain More Seats on Committee—Want Uncle Sam to Police Ottoman, Powers—Turkey Makes Request Paris, Feb. 6.—The society of nations committee has virtu ally covered 1-3 of its path, it was announced this afternoon. The supreme council, on receiving the acceptance of the Rus sian Bolshevik government to attend the conference on the island, agreed to send two representatives to meet them. Gains Four Seats In addition to winning four additional places, it seems prob- able that the lesser powers will be granted adequate representa- tion in the executive bodies of the society. The smaller powers jure insisting upon a greater voice in the deliberations. Nineteen five great powers have 10 seats. small belligerent nations won recognition by the granting of four seats to the small powers, increasing the number to nine. The The American delegation to the peace conference has received several petitions from territory under Ottoman rule asking to be Plans have been completed for the big victory meeting at the Auditorium Sunday evening under the auspices of the Knights of Columbus. J. F. O'Connor will give an oration placed under United States protection. They want United States to be the mandatory power to look after Constantinople. Even the great European powers are urging America to accept the responsibility, as she enjoys the confidence of-all the peoples involved Salvatore Barziali, member of the Italian delegation, has said that by participating in the war, the United States has under taken such moral obligations that constitute international duties. O'Connor to Be Victory Orator T. -WW' MSTEMITON 'if.? .!i ..- fc?«F, PRICE FIVE CENTS A statement was issued stating that the principles underlying a league nations have been decided upoh.: The supreme war council will ritee£' at Versailles Saturday to impose up on Germany the full demand of the Allies because of the refusal of Ger many to carry out the terms of the armistice except upon certain condi tions. Members of the Bolsheviki govern ment announce that they are willing to recognize the financial obligations of the nation toward the entente gov ernment. WOULD CONSIDER IRELAND. Washington, Feb. 6.—The house for eign affairs committee today ordered, favorable report on "a resolution ex- •, pressing the hope that the peace con ference would "consider the rights of Ireland as to the self-determination of.''4' nations." TO OPEN ASSEWBLVJS ^. .Amsterdam, Feb. 6.—FriWrich., Eoert, the German chancellor, will"! open the first sesison of the newly elected German assembly at,.Wleiinar. PASS UP RESPONSIBILITY.' Berne, Feb, 6.—The international,' socialist congress today settled th& responsibility for the war and the fu- ,, ture attitude of the German socialists^,' in the congress, by declaring the con-1 gress had passed over the responsibil ity kuestion. A strong tendency to exclude the German majority socialists was made in the early discussion. Herman Mueller today declared that the German socialists always had opposed militarism. "The young republic of Germany is ready to consent to a general dis armament on the condition that all other countries do the same." Legislator Riled At Rev. Finwall After the anti-moonshine law was revived and passed by the house by a vote of 62 to 38 today, Rep. Hardt introduced a resolution asking that the legislative activities of Rev. C. W. Finwall, formerly connected with tbft North Dakota Law Enforcement the rehabilitation through vocational! makes it a crime to be found in pos training of soldiers and sailors who sesion of liquor. sustained peramennt injuries during the war. During this period of training the gov ernment will not only pay tuition fees but will allow the student $65 per month for his board and expenses. "There is no reason why any in jured soldier or sailor should waste his time looking for a job." said Mr. Jones. "The government is prepared to take care of him at once and to prepare him for a better position than he ever was capable of filling when sound. He declared that Rev. Finwall wa» intimidating '•''t'1 V? fi J" h*' (H Advices state that many representa-. tives have presented themselves al-'-j: ^.i, JO'Vt't legislators. Rep. Hardt ]ed the fight against wWch STRIKE EXTENDING. London. Feb. 6.—The first step In the threatened extension of the rail road strike was taken last night when some of the drivers on the Brighton roads were called ont. The passenger trains ran until midnight. Early trains to the suburbs were not started this morning. The government today continued its atitude that it could not interfere in the strike situation, as they were solely industrial measures. The fourth day of the tube strike found many thousands of persons in line awaiting for the busses. In this situation, the war office mobilized more than 1,000 motor lor ries along the principal routes, to supplement the busses. It is estimat ed they will be able to carry 250,000 persons daily. No fare is charged and narticular attention is paid to work ing girls and women. GERMANY IS A LAND OF GRAVEYARDS, SATS PHYSICIAN f. ed. Tuberculosis i£ increasing and skin diseases due to lack of soap are prevalent." One of the good results is that it has helped many who were overheat ing. Blight's -disease has disapepared «s well as diabetes,' but Intestinal trouble has increased. aMny women and children will 'die of become defective, he said. The Germans who overran Franc© should be punished and permitted tb». starve, but jkh ^he womeu aM dred. "HuRgry people do not mik* good neighbors," he saM.