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Pair, tonight. WINDY CITY IS IN GRIP OF RIOTS HOMESDKERTED Entire Area of Chicago Becomes Involved in Seething 4 Race War TWO NEGROES ARE SLAIN Whites and Blacks Clash With Knives or Shoot From Ambush €hlcago, 111., July 30.—Bitter fight ing between whites and negroes spread last night to all parts of Chi cago, serious casualties being more numerous than at any similar per iod in the racial war. The city auth orities made no call (or troops and in the absence of such request, Govern or Frank O. Lowden could not order the soldiers to take charge, although with the arrival today of two more regiments, 8,000 men were resting on their arms. The death list amounted to 26 this morning. An incorrect police report last night had set it higher. The au thenticated deaths, in last night's fight ing were two, obth negroes, dne was killed in the Italian section on the west side and the other was shot dead when he wounded one of two police men who sought to search him for weapons. In other instances, the whites and blasks clashed together with knives, shot from ambush or ran down isolated memibers of the other race and ibeat them into insensibility. There was some abandoning of res idences and stores on the south black •belt by whites and a number of small fires were ascribed to incendiariesm. New Regiments Arrive The 9th regiment, from the south ern part of the state, and the 10th, from central Illinois, reached Chicago today to add their rifles and machine guns to the potential army which lay at rest here. The police struggled vainly to clear the rioters from the south side ne gro quarters and early last night ap yarently succeeded, only to find the mob's spirit had spread to other re gions. On the west side whites at tacked negroes, and in one coase part ly burned the corpse of victims with gasoline. On the north side fighting proceeded for several hours, and in the residential __ district kpown as Woodlawn and*®nglewood, on "the far south side, fierce fighting took place. Flame* flu rat Forth Anew. As the overworked police force dashtid to these quarters, several miles from the center of the war, the smouldering flames of anarchy burst forth anew in the 'black ibelt. A patrol wagon crashed into an automobile filled with m4n and a fight followed that caused the probale fatal injury of three men anod wouMding of sev eral others. The wounded were ta ken to Provident hospital, a negro in stitution, and a crowd of whites at tacked the infirmary causing consid erable damage. During the rest of the night outbreak?, occurred with reg ularity and although one fatality was reported from the night's orgy of ha tred the number of severely hurt was greater than 'Monday night. Whites Are Aggressors. The whites again seemed to be the (bore aggressive, the negroes having been converted to peace by saner memibers of their race or cowed by the ibrutal ibeatings sustained iby scores. Comparative Calm Today. Comparative calm marked this moraing's situation in the Chicago ralce war. No serious outbreaks had been reported, the sporadic fights were few and mostly between individ uals and in only one instance were police compelled to shoot, in that case a negro was killed when resist ing search iby two policemen. With the lull in rioting the police took stock. They checked the coron er's official death list of 26 and said that it was complete. They also found that the list of injured report ed to them had been Increased to 325. The official death list of 26 in cluded a dozen whites and 14 ne groes. Of these all had been identi fied except one white man and three negroes. Police today doubled their protective measures. WILSON CANNOT REVIEW PACIFIC FLEET UNTIL EARLY IN SEPTEMBER Washington, July 30.—President Wilson will not review the Pacific fleet at San Francisco until early in September. The fleet will be reviewed by Secretary Daniels at Los Angeles on August 9. Weather Report 4 For Twenty-four hours ending at noon, July 30. 66 Temperature at 7 a. 66 Highest yesterday .. 82 Lowest yesterday 65 Lowest last night 66 preciiptation .56 Highest wind velocity 18 NE Forecast. For North Dakota: Fair tonight and Thursday cooler east and south portions tonight. portions tonight. Lowest Temperatures. Fargo 64 Williston 56 Grand Forks 65 Winnipeg Chicago 74 Swift Current 54 Kansas City 74 ORRIS W. ROBERTS, Meteorologist.- Convicted of Deserting Soldiers in Face of Enemy at Cha teau Thierry NEEDLESS LOSS OF LIFE Ayr, Mass., July 30.—Convicted of de serting his men wlho he had led,into the fire of the enemy, iSamuel H. Stone, formerly second lieutenant ot the 101st infantry, has been sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., to begin a 10-year sentence. A cable message from France natified officials ot Camp Devens of the finding of the court martial which convicted him in January. Testimony by members of Stone's plotoon in Company H, Wist regi nienC showed1 that he'fiaa headed night patrols to the edge of no-man's land four times and whjan having drawn the fire of the enemy, he left the men to their own resources and withdrew. Again when ihis company was going into action at Chateau Thierry, Stone was seen to run to the rear. A guard in the supporting line halted him, but Stone was allowed to proceed when he said he was returning for men. His platoon suffered losses which the court martial included needless loss of life due to Stone's delflection. Stone's home is in Boston. KING AND QUEEN OF BELGIUM WILL VISIT WHITE HOUSE Washington, July 30.—King Albert and Queen Elizabeth of Belgium, will be guests at the White House during their visit to Washington this fall, probably in October. Elaborate plans for their entertainment are being pre pared by the state department. 1300 OFFICERS OF MARINE CORPS ARE REDUCED OR FIRED Washington, July 30.—Reduction in rank or discharge of more than 1300 officers of the marine corps, was an nounced today by Major General Bar nett as a part of the program to re duce the corps from its war time strength of about 76,000 officers and men to the peace strength of 25,000. FIRST DIVISION OF YANK ARMY TO LEAVE AUG. 15 Coblenz, (Tuesday) July 29.—(By Associated Press).—The first division of the American army will begin en training for Brest on its return to the U. S. about August 15, according to informal information from central headquarters received here today. This would leave a total of about 8,000 American troops in the Ameri can army of occupation. Obsolete Submarine Sinks With Two of Crew in Atlantic New London, Conn., July 30.—The United States submarine G-2 which is listed as an Obsolete craft and used for experimental work sank with op en hatches in Long Island sound near Waterford today and two of its crew of eight were drowned. The other members of the crew all of whom were from the submarine base here, were rescued. Names of the drowned were not given out. NAVAL PATROL BOAT "MAY" IS WRECKED OFF CAPE ENGANO Washington, July 30.—The naval patrol boat, May, a converted yacht, has been wrecked off Cape Engano, Santo Domingo. A delayed dispatch received at the navy department said the crew of 77 men was rescued. THIRTY-NINTH YEAR, NO. 172. BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 1919. Tfiaa LIEUTENANT WHO DESERTED HEN IS GIVEN TEN YEARS THREE TRANSCONTINENTAL ROUTES PLANNED Praeger began work with five bat tered training planes donated by tho war department. Within a few weeks Praeger is to jump into the air a big fleet of planes iisflREsl MINNESOTA ARE AGAIN MENACING Duluth Public Safety Officials Declare Northern Cities in Danger St. Paul, Minn., July 30.—Duluth day that Duluth and other northern Minnesota cities are again threaten ed with the menace of forest fires and demanded that the State Calamity board arrange for funds to safeguard lives and property. Speakers for the Duluth delegation pointed out that July has been un usually dry and declare northern Min nesota will be come a "tinder" ibok if weather conditions are not changed by heavy rains. It was decided to hold another con ference tomorrow. Governor Burnquist is expected to return from western Minnesota to at tend the meeting. NATIONWIDE AIR TRAFFIC NEWEST PROSPECT GREAT STRIDES MADE IN AERIAL DEVELOPMENT ROUTES ACROSS HOW WE'LL ALL BE RIDING SOON New York.—Fourteen passengers can ride in comfortable upholstered chairs beside plate-glass windows in the new Pullman triplane, typical of the luxurious aircraft being developod to hasten the day of commercial aviation in the United States and throughout the world. In this car the pilot and navigator sit in front, while the electricslly-heated ca^in right behind them contains a double row of seven seats. 36-HOUR AIRMAIL NEW YORK TO 'FRISCO COMING WITHIN A YEAR Three Transcontinental Routes Planned by Postoffice Department to Serve Entire Nation Through Great Trunk Lines N. E. A. Special to The Tribune. Washington, D. C.—Giant airplanes that will rush United States mails from New York to San Francisco in 36 hours are planned by Otto Praeger head of the U. S. airmail system, wlio said today: "They'll go into operation within a year. That will clip three days and a half from the present schedule for mails 'between Atlantic and Pacific coast cities. It will make the United States just one day and a half wide where it now is nearly five. "It will be'tlie first step in the air planization of the entire United States postal system. Within 10 years the railroads will carry mails only on short runs of ,say, 100 miles, Airplane mail routes will touch every big city in the country. •"We'll operate three big transcon tinental routes, over which big mail planes will swing in squadrons carry ing hundreds of tons of letters an6 packages. "Feeder routes will connect citie» on the Great Lakes with those on the Gulf of 'Mexico, and the Missis sippi, Ohio, and Missouri river val leys, will ibe aerial highways. "Billions of. dollars will be saved every year tor American business men." The United States now has the only government airmail system in the world operating daily. Routes con nect Washington, Philadelphia, New York, Cleveland and Chicago. he designed especially for mail carry ing. They're '.being ibuilt now. Eacn will carry from 1,800 to 2,000 pounds of mail in fireproof sacks at l'OO miles an hour. AIRMAIL TO STIMULATE COMMERCIAL AVIATION, Praeger thinks commercial avia tion in the United States will receive the stimulus for its development from the airplane mail system. The airmail system lhas already worked out, with the aid of scientific departments of the government, spe cial instruments making possible flights in all kinds of weather and at night. "The wireless compass by which the N'C-4 picked her way through the fog to Ponta Delgada was first worked out on postal planes," said Praeger. "Tho bureau of standards now is working out a system by which mail planes, flying in a fog, automatically will get wireless* signals when they come within a half mile of their land place. This prevents a possibility or running past at night or in a fog." The airmail service is encasing en gines in asbestos to prevent fires In flight. An air compressor fire engine already has been developed by which aviators can fight flames while fly ing. Mail sacks now used in planes, are firlsi and waterproof through special ly designed material which refuses to scorch when dipped in gasoline and lighted. One department is experimenting with planes which will tako on mail in flight suspended high in the air on steel towers. "Driving airmail planes will be the one big romantic job of America soon," says Praeger. "I wish I were, younger, I'd try it myself." BELGIUM APPROVES TEUTONIC TREATY Brussels, Tuesday, July 29.— The foreign affairs committee of the Belgium chamber of deputies today passed favorably upon the question of ratification of the peace treaty with Germany. CONSERVATIVES LOSE CONTROL IN SWEDEN Socialists Increase Chamber Seats From 19 to 48 Stookholm, Tuesday, July 27, by the Associated Press.—The conservatices who controlled the first chamber ot parliament lost their majority in the recent election and will have only 39 seats of the 150 in the new first chamber as compared with SG previ ously held. Ten members represent ing the peasants' associations and eight agrarians, however, it is said, are allied with the conservatives giv ing that element a total of 57 votes. The socialists will hold 48 seats, com pared with 19 in the old chamber. The liberals, 31, a loss of 4 seats and inde pendent socialists four, a gain of two seats. THEY FOUND TOWNLEY GUILTY OF DISLOYALTY :.-** r-~, ft Here is the solid farmer jury that convict 2d A. C. Townley, president of the National Non partisan league, and Joseph Gilbert, former organization manager, on a charge of conspiracy to teach and advocate disloyalty, at Jackson, Minn. The jurors are: Back row, left to right, John Carlson, Otto Pelzel, John Hartberg. Middle row, Chris Jensen, William Bonda, Orville Benson and Frank Besser. Front r6w, H. Jk Yeadicke, Harry Andrews, C. A. Johnson, Odin Sogge and Ben T. Hill. .. A MONDAY BIGGEST DAY FOR BANK OF NORTHJMOTA More Than $150,000 in Deposits Received From Various Sources PUBLIC FUNDS CALLED IN Monday was the Bank of North Da kota's bigest day to date. At the close of (business Saturday the bank's deposits totaled $282,648.96. When summing up was completed Monday evening it was found that the ibanic was worth in actual cash or its equiv alent $437,015.52. The day's receipts were about $155,'000, almost evenly divided between public funds sent in by their custodians and deposits from banks of the state which desired to become memibers of the Bank ot North Dakota system. The bank is callfngin: pftblic funds by districts. More than $21,000,000 in such funds have been reported In the hands of custodians or deposited to their credit in banks over the state. Calls are sent out (by judicial districts, and to date six of the twelve districts as they existed under the old judicial plan have been called up on to send in their public funds. The bank is slowly receiving its of fice equipment. Advice came yester day that the fixtures had been ship ped, and it is expected that they will arrive within a week or ten days. No loans have been reported as yet by the institution. The schedule of calls for school and municipal, but not county, funds in the old-style judicial districts is as follows: July 28.—First district, Grand Forks and Nelson counties. July 29.—Second district, Ramsey, Towner, Rollette, Benson and Eddy. July 30.—Third district, Cass, Steele and Traill. July 31.—Fourth district, Richland, Ransom, Sergent, Dickey and Mcin tosh. August 1.—Fifth district, Stutsman, Barnes, LaMoure, Wells, Griggs ana Foster. August 2.—Sixth district, Burleign, Emmons, Kidder, McLean, Sheridan and Logan. August 4.—'Seventh district, Pem bina, Walsh and Cavalier. August 5.—Eighth district, Ward, Renville, Burke and Divide. August 6.—iNinth district, Bottineau, McHenry and Pierce. August 7.—Tenth district, Stark, Billings, Dunn, Hettinger, Bowman, Adams, Golden Valley and Slope. August 8.—Eleventh district, Wil liams, Mountrail and McKenzie. lAuguslf fl.—Twelfth district, MV ton, Oliver, Mercer, Grant and Sioux. GRAND FORKS HAS LARGE MORTGAGE BROKERAGE The First National Co. of Grand Forks, organized to handle stocks,' bonds, mortgages and other securi ties, has been incorporated with a capital of $120,000. A. I. Hunter, W.I H. Shulze, J. R. Carley, I. A. Berg, S.I S. Titus, M. F. Murphy and Stephen Collins are the incorporators. TRIBUNE CONTINENT TO BE LINKED UP Forty-Passenger Craft Now Be ing Built and Regular Service Operated P-A-Y-E PLANES IN USE Handsome Cabins With Uphol stered Seats for Ten Bag gage Room N'EVerythifig BY J. H. DUCKWORTH, N. E. A. Aviation Expert. New York. Every day jbrings new strides in commercial aviation. Development of air science has been startling since the armistice was signed. After thoroughly investigating the situation, I predict that the many short air routes now in operation or about to be started will quickly be linked up until it becomes as easy to get from one part of the United iStates to another by airplane as it is now to travel, by trolley transfers, from one part of a city to another. Many aerial transportation com panies have been organized the last few months and are now operating successfully. As in the case of the railroads more than three-quarters of a century ago, these air routes will in time be consolidated into big trans portation systems. Before we realize it, regular commercial air traffic will be a settled feature of American economic life. PAY-AS-YOU ENTER AIRPLANES POSSIBLE Pay-as-you-enter airplanes may be expected to appear when the country is criss-crossed like a spider's web with airways. Wlhen a man wants to travel some where quickly, he will go down to the nearest airdrome, buy his ticket, and step aboard a plane fixed up some thing like this: A handsome oabin with upholstered seats for ten. Room for light bag gage, Separate-window-, for each .per son and individual height and speed indicators to add to the interest oi the trip. Adjustable ventilation and heating. Speed 100 miles an hour. The Vickers people of England ar« already putting out aircrafe like this. Handley-Page is building a 40-passen ger plane. The Curtiss Aeroplane & Motor Co. has bought 2,800 army planes for commercial use on short air routes. They ihave also bought six army fields. A regular passenger service is now running between Los Angeles and Fresno, Cal. The Trans-Continental I Aerial Transportation Company is now purchasing aircraft, so tha^ before the year is out the aerial transportation of passengers promises to be as ex I tensive as the various routes and lana ing fields which municipalities and (Continued on Page Three.) KAISER AUTHOR BELGIAN POLICY, SAYS WAR LORD Ludendorff Places Blame for At titude Toward Belgian Lands on Wilhelm Berlin, (Tuesday) July 29.—(By Associated Press).—Responsibility for the crown council's decision in 1917 that Belgian territory must be held was placed upon the former German emperor by General Ludendorff in a communication publsihed today by the Deutsche Tages Zeitung. General Ludendorff's letter said that great headquarters merely sketched the military situation, and stated what measures they believed necessary to protect Germany's west ern frontier in an economic way. The former emperor, General Ludendorff said, decided the question and his de cision was binding on the military. 6408 REPORTS OF HAIL LOSSES* RECEIVED HERE To date $6,408 hail losses have been reported to the state insurance de partment. Informal reports have been received of loss from hail in the vicinity of Mott on Monday, but no claims have been filed to date. LAST EDITION PRICE FIVE CENTS IOWA SLAYER OF MOTHER ESCAPES TAKES JfN LIFE Roy Emerson, Being Returned to Jail, Evades Guard and Hangs Self GIVEN UP BY BONDSMAN Surety of Convicted Slayer Pending Appeal Had De manded Release Kellerton, la., July 30.— Roy Emerson of Creston, la., recently convicted of murdering his mother, early this morning escaped from his guard who was taking him to the Ringgold county jail at Mt. Ayr and commit ted suicide by hanging him self under a highway bridge, two miles northeast of here. He used barbed wire and a belt for a rope. Emerson, accused of beat ing his mother to death with an iron brake and throwing her body down an elevated shaft in their undertaking establishment at Creston last May, was convicted of second degre murder at Ayr July 19. A few days later he was released on bail of $15,000 pending the appeal of the case to the supreme court. Accompanied by his 22 year-old wife, Emerson then went to Des Moines, he re a it friends while trying to ob tain work. Last night word was received from the Cres ton police that a bondsman had repudiated his part of the bond. The convicted murderer was rearrested and under guard started back to Mt. Ayr by automo bile. When near Kellerton, the machine broke down, and while repairs were being made Emerson made his es cape about 5 o'clock this morning. His body was found about 30 minutes later. BIG REDUCTIONS IN RECEIPTS OF STOCK ATYARDS Rioting in Chicago Cuts Down Shipments of Hogs to One-Third Chicago, ill, July 30.—Big reduc tions in receipts of live stock here today reflected the knowledge iby rur al shippers that owing to race riots and the labor difficulties, the packing houses would be greatly hampered. The total shipment of hogs was 13, 00, about one-third of the normal sup ply. Owing to this curtailment, prices of yesterday were cut $1.25 a hundredweight in some cases. Prices began to rise this morning. Packers who estimated that yesterday they were crippled fully fifty per cent, hope to operate today to the extend of sixty per cent. STRIKE REFERENDUM OFFERS CHICAGO HOPE OF EARLY RELEASE Windy City Trusts Unions Will Vote to Resume Work on Railways Chicago, 111., July 30.—Strike-bound Chicago found hope of relief in the an nouncement today that the chiefs of the sufrace and elevated men's unions planned a referendum vote of the en tire union membership to determine If the strike vote taken Monday night should be sustained. It was stated that another 48 hours may pass be fore the referendum vote can be com pleted. Meanwhile the tieup on this, the second day of the strike, was as com plete as yesterday. Officials of the companies said no effort would 'be made to run cars that they would simply wait until the situation had cleared somewhat before taking any action. AEROPLANES BURNED BY SCORES BY AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE New York, July 30.—The sub committee of the house of rep resentatives headed by Royal C. Johnson of South Dakota, which has been investigating cruelty practiced upon prisoners in camps abroad turned attention today to the destruction of army property in France. The first instance taken up was the disposition of 100 airplanes at Colombes-les Belles. The first witness, Paul L. Lock wood, of Stanford, Ct., formerly a lieutenant of aviation, testified that upon returning to America he meta number of his colleagues in Parden City who told him the planes had been damaged and then burned. The engines were chopped out, the witness said his informers told him, only the gas tanks and radiators being saved. The planes were then thrown into a pile and burned. While the fire progressed guards patrolled the vicinity to prevent photographs being taken. He estimated that the salvaged parts were worth about 15c each. Some of •he ma chines, he was told, had been flown only 20 minutes.