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The Bismarck tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current, October 02, 1922, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST —Pair
and cooler tonight with frost.
Tuesday fair.
ESTABLISHED 18^3
GRAIN PRICES
HALT GAIN III
N. W. BUSINESS
Tends to Minimize Advant­
ages of the Big Crop,
Says Reserve Head
EMPLOYMENT NORMAL
Heavy Marketing of Cattle
Reported, with Conse
quent Price Decline
Minneapolis, Minn., Oct. 2.—The
drop in grain prices in August had
a tendency to minimize the advan­
tage of the big crop throughout
the Ninth Federal Reserve dis­
trict, according to the monthly re­
port of John H. Rich, chairman of
the Federal Reserve bank here,
made public today.
Marketing- of rye, cattle and
sheep was abnormally heavy, Mr.
Rich declares, and with the excep­
tion of calves which were sustain­
ed by the substantial movements of
feeders back to the farms, all live­
stock prices declined..
The crop moving demand for
money has not been heavy and in­
terest rates have declined sub­
stantially. Investment funds are
in much better supply.
Lumber,
copper and iron ore pro­
duction as well
as building and
most manufacturing
ter :n volume
has been bet­
both as compare
with the preceding
month and a
year ago.
Employment Normal
Employment has been normal
and accumulated stocks of mer­
chandise and materials have not
changed greatly, except for some
declines in lumber.
However* Mr. Rich points out,
they general improvement both in
volume of business and financial
conditions has not helped profits
sufficiently to reduce business fail
urie to a normal level. It will re
qure several months, he adds, to
determine whether the apparent
gain in the momentum of business
in this district will continue in the
the face of a coal movement up
the lakes equal to but 6 per cent pf
a'year ago and i£ the present
price level is mantained for the
grains.
"Prices at central markets in
this district for a majority of the
pmducts of the farm, declined in
August from the Jyly figure, due
rather to the weight of supplies
than to the decline iji demand," Mr.
Rich says in his letter. "The me­
dium price of wheat broke 39 cents
between these two months, show­
ing the effect of weak European
support, as well as heavier re­
ceipts. Rye was in extraordinary
favor with European buyers and
declined less than 6 cents. Flax
declined 5 cents, barley 7 cents
and oats more than 3 cents. The
median price of corn remained
practically unchanged.
Cattle Marketed
"Heavy marketing of cattle and
sljeep broke th6 median price of
butcher steers $2.15 and lambs 25
cents. Although there was a de­
cline from July receipts of hogs,
the abnormally heavy receipts forc­
ed prices to continue the decline
which started in May, the slump
this month amounting to $1.25.
"Wholesale produce prices at
Minneapolis showed increase in the
important quotations, except in
vegetables. Eggs showed a sharp
increase from 19 cents per dozen
to 26 cents. There were smaller
increases in butter, veal and hens.
The price of the best flour remain­
ed unchanged.
"The credit situation in this dis­
trict has given little indication of
crop mowing demand," the letter
continues. "All Federal Reserve
Banks during the month of August
showed a small increase in bills
discounted and purchased and in
Federal Reserve notes outstanding
and a small decline in reserves. In­
vestment funds apparently were
in greater supply during August
than during July and time deposits
also increased slightly.
"Grain
stocks in terminal ele
vatoi-s, totaling ,1 million bushels,
increased slightly during the
month of August, but were one
third
lower than a year ago.
Stocks of oats were slightly larger
at the
end
of August than at the
end of July, but down one fourth
from the
figure a year ago. Stocks
of rye were almost eight times as
large at the end of August as at
the
end of
July. but barley stocks
were down three fifths from last
year. Wheat stocks totaling less
than 2 million bushels were down
one fifth from
a
month ago and
one-half from a year ago. Flax
stocks approached the vanishing
point dui-ing August."
S. D. LABOR LEADERS MEET.
Sioux Falls, S. D., Oct. 2.—Repre­
sentatives of labor organizations
are gathering here today from all
parts of the state for the third an­
nual convention of the South Dakota
Federation of Labor.
Over 200 delegates are expected by
tonight. Tho session): will last two
days with addresses by Alice Loraine
Daly, Nonpartisan League candidate
for governor of South Dakota, anf
Warren E. Beck, vice president of the
Federation, the featured events of to­
day's program. Officers will be elect­
ed and a convention city for next
year chosen at tomorrow^ meetings.
Coal Operators
Seek to Frame
New Wage Scale
(By the Associated Press)
Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. 2.—Bitumin­
ous operators arid officials of the
United Mine Workers of America
gathered here for a joint conference
today to arrange for future wage
scales in accordance with an agree­
ment signed here August 15 which
ultimately brought to an end the
soft coal strike.
Approximately 100 operators from
the bituminous fields were prevent.
The miners' representation includes
their policy committee, numbering
128.
In addition to opening negotiations
for a wage scale to 'supplement that
which expires March 31, 1923, the
conference is expected to* take up
the question of collective bargaining.
The union is still carrying approx­
imately 50,000 strikers in the bitum­
inous field in Pennsylvania and West
Virginia, it was learned today. Those
in Pennsylvania v/ere largely non­
union when the last strike started,
while those in West Virginia were
union men whom the operators
sought to de-unionize.
4 ARRESTED
AFTER THEFTS
IN JAMESTOWN
Series of Hold-ups Result in
Detention of Four Men
By Police
(By the Associated Press)
Jamestown, N. D., Oct. 2.—Four
men, including a negro who gave
his name as Clarence Btfler and
Robert McNight, a local strikjng
shopman are being held here in
connection with a series of hold­
ups in the Northern Pacific yards
Saturday night The arrests were
made on the information of the
negro who reported to the police
that he had been held up and rob­
bed by the other three men.
It developed under the investiga­
tion of the police that the four had
held up and beaten and robbed sev­
eral men irf the yards and that
later-..they had disagreed, over the
dfyrlsiod the spoils.1 In the dis­
agreement, the negro was relieved
of all his shape.
The men will be arraigned in
justice court this afternoon. A
search of the McKnight borne Sun­
day disclosed several bottles of
moon«hine and parts of a still.
POISON FOUND
imSTURE
Investigation Is Being Con­
ducted by States Attorney
New England, N. D., Sept 29.—
State' Attorney J. K. Murray and
Sherriff Gus Buchler of Mptt called
here yesterday to conduct an exami-l
nation in atttempt to determine who
was guilty of placing a quantity ofi
poisoned bran in the, pasture of C.
M. Nielson.
1
Tuesday morning, Mr. Nielson,!
who operates a milk route in New.
England, found a1 registered Short
horn bull, which he valued at $400
and four of his best milk cows, dead, I
and five more of his cattle very sick. I
He called a veterinarian from Dick- I
inson, who found poisoned bran in
the stomachs of the animals.
In some high grass, near a water
hole in the center of Mr. Nielsen's
pasture, was found a half bushel of
poisoned mash, such as had been
used a year ago in the Hettinger
county campaign against grasshop
pers. The poisoned bait was evi
dently placed there recently as the
grass was still green beneath "the
pile of bran which had been treated!
with arsenic.
A search warrent was issued yes-'
terday to make a search of the pre
mises of Harry Bohlman, who lives
on' an adjoining farm and operates!
a competitive milk route in New
England. A small amount of poison
was found on Bohlman'a farm.
4 METHODS OF
SELLING SPUDS
Fargo, N. D„ Oct. 2.—Farmers who
wish to market their potatoes this
fall have their choice of four differ­
ent methods, according to Dr. A. H.
Benton of the Department of Mar­
keting and Rural Finance at the
North Dakota Agricultural Agricul­
tural college.
"The farmer may sell for cash at
the local shipping point," declared
Mr Benton "he may sell on contract,
the price being based on date of
shipment on contract with the price
based on the date of arrival at the
buyer's market or on consignment."
NUT QUARTET
GETS INVITATION
Mandan's Xut Quartette has been
asked to sing for the broad casting
station maintained by the Univer­
sity of Minnesota, on the evening
of Thursday, October 7th. The in­
vitation especially specified that
the songs should be about the dairy
cow.
FOREST FIRE
FIGHTERS STILL
WAGEBATTLE
Situation Continues to be Crit­
ical and Hinges on Change
In Wind
PROTECT SETTLEMENTS
Rcach Such Magnitude That
Rangers Devote Energies
To Populated Areas
Duluth, Minn., Oct. .—Dawn to­
day again disclosed the forest fire
fighters in northern Minnesota des­
perately waging their battle with
the flames in their effort to hoid
them in check. While the fires are
said to be not out of control at any
point where they are burning, the
situation continues critical and a
change in the direction of the wind
accompanied by an increase in velo­
city might cause a holacust.
Efforts rfre being made to steer
the combined Ellsmere and White
face fires into the territory burn­
ed over by the old Markham fire,
which it is believed would give the
foresters an advantage.
Fires have reached such a mag­
nitude, the forestry service an­
nounced that little can be done ex­
cept to guide them around settle­
ments and where possible onto
areas already burned over.
Deputy sheriffs and representa­
tives from the county engineers of­
fice have taken charge o. roads in
the fire zone and at intervals are
guiding automobiles through the
dense smoke.
POPULAR YOUNG
BISMARCK MAN
PASSES AWAY
Sherman Knauss Succumbs to
Illness Which He Fought
For Several Months
Sherman Knauss, well known
young man of the city, passed away
in a local hospital Sunday evening
after an illness which'extended over
a period of many months. Death was
due to a complications arising from
I heart and kidney trouble.
Herman
:was
27 yean did having
been born in Garher, la., April 3,
1895. Not long after this his par­
ents moved to Syracuse, N. Y., where
Sherman entered the public schools.
In 1902, he came *ith hijs parents
to Bismarck, comvieUng his school
courses here as a graduate of the
Bismarck high yhool.
During the summer months Sher­
man worked in the, office of the Bis­
marck Tribune, learning the trade.
He was an earnest worker and be
Mme an experienced printer and val
ued employe of .The Tribune
Sherman became intensely inter­
ested in his musical work, and dur­
ing his illnes he »ften spoke of his
aspirations arid his desire to continue
his studies on his recovery. He re­
tained his cheerfulness and confi­
dence all during this time. In his
boyhood he was united with the
Presbyterian church. He was devot­
ed to his aged mother who, with his
brothers, Reo and Plato, -are surviv­
ing members of his family here.
Funeral services will be held Wed­
nesday afternoon at 2 p. m. at tlu
Evangelical church. Uurial will be
ir cemetery.
Th«
body can ®e viewed by the
frit iius ox tne deceased at the family
residence Wednesday morning from
from 10 a. m. until 2 p. m.
ADMIRAL CLARK
DIES AT LONG BEACH
Long Beach Cal.. Oct. 2.—Simple
funeral services will be held here
tomorrow for Rear Admiral
Charles Edgar Clark, retired com­
mander of the Battleship Oregon
durine the Spanish-American war
who died yesterday at the residency
of his daughter, Mrs. Charles F.
Huges, wife of Rear Admiral
Huerhes commander of the seventh
battle division of the Pacific fleet.
Admiral Clark was 79 years of
age and had been in excellent
health until about ten days ago
when an attack of heart trouble
sent him to his bed.
Patagonia produced 1,500,000 bar­
rels of oil last year.
THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE
BRITISH AND TURKS PLAN ARMISTICE
LAWYERS GOT
ALL DIVORCE
SETTLEMENT
r"
Mildred Harris, Wife of Char­
lie Chaplin^s Bankrupt
She'Says
GOT ONLY "MERE" $6,500
Former Husband Bars Her
Pictures When His Are Be­
ing Shown on Bill
Los Angeles, Oct. 2.—Mildred
Harris, motion picture actress,
now on a vaudeville tour, declared
she received only $6,000 from her
former husband, Charles Spencer
Chaplin, screen comedian, after the
lawyers had been paid, and shells
about to go into bankruptcy, Re­
cording to a letter received from
her here which the Los Angeles
TIMES, printed today..
Miss Harris' financial condition
was brought about by two long ill­
nesses and by being out of work
for many months, said the letter.
"I have been hounded for months
by my creditors and have been pay­
ing most of my salary out to them
weekly," the letter, dated St. Patil,
read. "I cannot satisfy all my
creditors, and they are suing me.
Mother and I have been nearly
crazy for weeks.
"Besides this, an ex-producer of
mine is suing me for a large
amount that he has no right to do,
as he is the one who two years ago
sent me east to buy clothes for
three pictures, and then cancelled
my contract on account of my di
vorce. Mr. Chaplin would not
stand for me on the same program
with him.
"I believe I told you of losing
our house and furniture through
my illness last year. Mother and
I had put everything we had into
it. We lived nearly a year on the
money Charley gave me which was
about $6,500 after the lawyers
were paid."
"So my only way out is bank­
ruptcy. I have fought it over,a
year, but there is nothing I
do. I shall do what i» right
those that are. deserving wnen
can. I am not trying to cheat
anyone."
BOY DEAD AS
RESULT OF
CLASS RUSH
Milton, Wis., Oct. 2.—Roland
Sayre, Milton College sophomore,
died yesterday of injuries received
in the annual freshman-sophomore
class rush, September 22.
Sayre suffered .a broken rib in a
campus battle September 21, but
kept his injury secret. In the rush
the following day the fractured bone
He ruptured a kidney and complications
became a member of the printers' ensued.
In' 1920, seeking broader ex-1 Sayre was president of the fresh-
perience, he went to Fargo, worked
for a time on the Forum as a lino­
type operator and the following year
went to Billings, Mont., in the em­
ployment of the Billings Gazettu
There he met J. E. Clavadetcher, a
native of Switzerland and former
member of the Minneapolis Sym­
phony orchestra, under whose tutor­
ship he became qv/e proficient as a
cellist. Last June he returned to
Bismarck for a visit, and as he was
in failing health he was advised to
rest. When his condition did not im.
prove he was taken to the Bismarck
hospital where he remained for about
two months, but the best medical aid
failed to restore his health.
man class last \year, a football and
basketball player, and brother of
this years captain of the football
team.
KILLDEER SHIPS
MUCH STOCK
Killdeer, N. D., Oct. 2. —There
has been shipped from Killdeer]
200 cars of beef chttle. Averaging
22 to the car totals 4,400 head. In
case of loss thrqugh fault of the
railroad company It will pay $75 a
head. Taking this as a fair valu­
ation for each of the 4,400 he^id
shipped out thus far, the total
money consideration would be
$330,000.00.
Blind Man Elected
To High State Post
Atlanta, la. Oct. 2.—Georgia ha.:
elected a bling man to its public
service commission. This adds
another to the list of physically han­
dicapped, citizens who have been ele­
vated to high politically positions
by the voters ,of this state.
Walter McDonald, blind, won the
commission election. He has long
been one of Augusta's most brilliant
lawyers.
Paul Nonehoo, blind since birth,
has been coroner of Georgia county
for years. Inspired by McDonald's
success, Donehoo has announced his
intention of running for attorney
general.
In addition to these men, William
D. Upshaw was reelected congress­
man this fall, despite the fact that
he has been forced to use crutches
for years.
MOVE TO RUSO
Wilton, N. D., Oct. 2.—R. It. Bus
hard, who served as assistant cash­
ier of The McLean County State
bank for four years up until the
consolidation of that institution
and The First National bank last
June, was in Wilton making pre­
parations to move his family to
Ruso. Mr. Bushard is cashier of
the First State bank of Ruso.
The 17-year locust lays from 100
to 500 eggs and immediately dies.
BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1922 (Leased Wire of Associated Press)
vV
SUTHERLAND
TAKES OATH
OFOFFICE
All Justices Present but Pit­
ney at Opening of Octo­
ber Term
Washington, Oct. 2.—Chief Justice
Taft and all associate justices of the
Supreme Court with the exception of
Justice Pitney, were here' today for
the opening at noon of the regular
October term of court. Justice Pit­
ney was detained in a'sanitarium at
Morristown, N.
J.,
his home, where
his condition is reported to be seri­
ous.
Included in the program of formal­
ities for the opening day was the
administration by the chief justice of
the judicial oath to former Senator
Geo. Sutherland of Utah, appointed to
fill the Vacancy on the bench caused
by the resignation during the re­
cess of Justice J. H. Clarke.
In taking the oath the new mem­
ber, with the court bar. and audience
standing, swears tb faithfully and im­
partially discharge and perform all
the duties incumbcnt upon him, hay­
ing before entering the court room
in his robes, taken the official or
"iron clad" oath to "support and de­
fend the constitution of the United
States'against all enemies."
Adhering to custom thq court was
to close its session in tirtie to per­
mit a formal call by the court at the
White House to pay its respects to
the President, the program of bus­
iness for the opening seiision includ­
ed the delivery of no opinions or en­
tries of orders, b^lng confined only
to the usual acceptance of motions
for admissions of attorneys to prac­
tice.
Hearing of cases will begin in the
court on Tudsday, but there will be
no opinion or oders from the court
until the following Monday.
SHIPLEY WILL
BE CANDIDATE
IN STARK CO.
Dickinson, N. D., Oct. 2.—With
election less than six weeks away
Stark county candidates are pre­
paring to make a vigorous cam­
paign for the offices which thty
seek during the next few weeks.
D. E. Shipley, member of the leg­
islature from Stark cocnty for the
past two years and independent
floor leader in the house during
the last session, this week an­
nounced that he would again be a
candidate in the November elec­
tion. Petitions are now being cir­
culated for the purpose of placing
Mr. Shipley's name on the ballot.
With the sending out of his an­
nouncement reports have come
back to Dickinson to the effect that
if Mr. Shipley is elected that Stark
county will get the speakership of
the house in the coming session.
Mr. Shipley, who now is purchas­
ing agent for the Bank of North
Dakota, is planning to make an ac­
tive campaign. Other candidates
for the legislature from this dis­
trict whose names will appear on
the ballot are C. H. Starke, Pius
Kopp and Herman Rabe.
SMITH NAMED
FOR GOVERNOR
Syracuse, N. Y., Oct. 2.—Former
governor Alfred E. Smith of New
York City, and Mayor George R.
Lunn, of Schenectady, w*rc unani­
mously nominated last week by the
Democratic state convention for gov­
ernor and lieutenant governor, re­
spectively.
The withdrawal the name of
William R. Hearsv as a candidate
during the afternoon smoothed out
the only issue that threatened to pre­
cipitate a conflict in the convention,
and the slate prepared by the state
leaders went through without a hitch
at the closing session of the con­
vention.
Dr. Royal S. Copeland, of New
York, was nominatedd for United
Staets senator.
May Nurse Wounded on Turkish Front
Some of a large group of British war nurses leaving Southampton on the troopship Braemer Castle bound
tar Mesopotamia. If trouble with the Turks grows, it is probable this ship will be diverted to that trouble zone.
FORMER KING CONSTANTS TO MAKE
PALERMO, ITALY, HIS FUTURE HOME
DENIED REQUEST TO RETURN LATER
(By the Associated Press)
Athens, Oct. 2.—Former King Con
stantine in talking with his friends
before embarking for Palermo, Italy,
where he is to make hia home, made
a plea that hearty support be given
the new king and queen. He added:
"I have had some unhappy days
and do not regret this revolution."
His consuming amliftion, he conclud­
ed, was to return later as a simple
citizens and visit his son, the new
king. This request was communi-
DISAPPEARANCE
OF TWO MEN FOLLOWS
HALL-MILLS SLAYING
New Brunswick, N. J., Oct. 2.
Detectives investigating the mys
terous killing more than two weeks
ago of, the Rev. Edward Wheeler
Hall rector of the Episcopal church
of St. John the Evangelist, and his
choir leader, Mrs. Eleanor Rein
hardt Mills, redoubled their efforts
today to locate two men said to
havie disappeared from New Bruns­
wick about the time of the shoot­
ing.
NATION WIDE
SEARCH FOR
IRA WILCOX
Fargo, N. D., Oct. 2.—Although in­
clined to the theory that Ira Wilcox,
38, farmer of neaf Ayr, was robbed
and carried away by robbers, officials,
relatives and practically every citi
Ken of Ayr and Buffalo joined today
in search for him. He disappeared
Thu^iday. A methodical search of
all buildings and sloughs in the dis­
trict was started early this morning
by carloads of men working under
the direct of local authorities and
members of the staff of Sheriff Fred
Kraemer.
White Earth Farmer
Gets 68 Bushels of
Wheat From One Acre
Fargo, N. D., Oct. t.—Ben Holfcc, a
farmer and White Earth, N. D.,
threshed 68 bushels wheat fro-,'
one acre, according to County Agent
A.
J.
Bredvold. This was on a patch
of new breaking.
16 Candidates
Are Naturalized
Dickenson, N. D., Oct. 2.—Sixtean
out of 23 candidates, who appeared
at the naturalization hearing held
in Stark county district court Mon­
day passed the necessary examina­
tions and were granted full citizen­
ship. One, Michael Melchior of
Richardton, was denied citizenship
because he claimed exemption as an
alien when called in the draft during
the World war and the applications
of six others were continued over.
KILLS SON ACCIDENTALLY.
Sioux Falls, S. D., Oct. 2.—Floyd
Reynolds, Jr., 13 son of the engineei
of a large department store here, was
accidentally shot and killed by his
father yesterday morning. The elder
Reynolds ww cleaning a revolver
when ib was exploded and fatally
wounded the boy, who was standing
near.
RESTORES LOCAL SERVICE.
Fargo, N. D., Oct. 2.—Local train
service between Fargo and Grand
Forks is being rtsumed today with
tho restoration of Great Northern
railways trains No. Ill and 112
which were taken off uring the shop­
men's strike, according to J. L. Ro­
han, general pr^'.scnger agent in Far­
go.
Jl
cated the revolution committee,
which declined to sign a document
empowering his private return.
ATTACK GREEKS.
Constantinople, Oct. 2.—A band of
800 Turkish irregulars crossed the
border of Ttyrace at Sinekli, to the
Northwest of Silivri (forty miles
west of Constantinople), and attack­
ed Greek outposts. They were being
forced to withdraw when reinforci
ments arrived and the Turks were
thrown back across the boundary.
FOREST FIRE
CLOUDS HANG
Unusually Warm Weather for
October Is Reported by
The Weather Bureau
Peculiar appearance of the sun,
a haze hanging over the ctly and
the unusually warm first day "of
October kept the weather bureau
busy today answering ques'ions.
The misty atmosphere was
in part an Indian summer haze
smoke wafting from the forest
fire regions of Minnesota formed
into clouds which was responsible
for the overcast appearance of the
sky and the dull red of the sun
in the early morning, according to
O. W. Roberts, weather observer.]
Particles of smoke from the forest
fires form into low-lying clouds,
Mr. Roberts said. Recently a sim­
ilar condition was caused by smoke
from forest fires in Idaho.
Sunday, October 1, was a real
summer day. The thermometer
touched 91 at its peak, a mark
equalled only twice before In Oc­
tober in the' 48 years history of the
weather bureau. The mercury
went this high in 1910 and in 1920.
Weather records do not indicate
that the present stretch of warm
weather is anything unusual, ex­
cept that the rainfall is consider­
ably below normal.
Following the recent wet spell
which delayed threshing for sev­
eral days, the dry weather has been
pleasing to many framers which
grain not threshed yet. It has
made fall plowing more difficult.
Estimates of the amount of grain
remaining to be threshed vary
somewhat. Not more than half of
the grain has been threshed in the
western part of the state, accord­
ing to a number of persons who
have traveled extensively over the
territory. Lack of threshing ma­
chine capacity and lack of farm
help are among the causes, while
elevators in many towns are re­
ported already jammed to the limit
with grain and some are having
difficulty in getting enough cars
to ship grain to the Twin Cities
and Duluth.
JAMESTOWN TO
GET NEXT MEET
OF STATE S. S.
(By the Associated Press)
Jamestwon, N. D., Sept. 30.—The
next state convention of the North
Dakota Sunday School Association
will be held in Jamestown in 1923
according to a decision of officers
of the association and representa­
tives, who met here last night.
No meeting was held' in North
Dakota this year because of the
condition, of finances, but a large
attendance is expected at a meet­
ing next June, according to C. A.
Armstrong, secretary.
Rev. Mr. Dickey of Dickinson and
William Lane of Fargo were
among the representatives pres­
ent.
Sweden has an area of 170,176
square miles.
LAST EDITION
PRICE FIVE CENTS
CONFERENCE
TO DECIDE ON
NEUTRAL ZONE
Great Britain Recedes From
Position to Avoid Outbreak
Of Hostilities
TURKY DEMANDS THRACE
Wants to Cross Straights in
Pursuit of War Against
Greeks
Constantinople, Oct. 2.—An im­
mediate mutual agreement to sus­
pend all movements of troops was
expected here today to be the first,
outcome of the Mudania armistice
conference which is set to meet to­
morrow.
With an armistice conference de­
finitely fixed for tomorrow at Mu­
dania, the peril of war between
Great Bpitain and Turkey appear­
ed less menacing today.
Great Britain's recession from
the neutral zone controversy caus­
ed no little surprise and disap­
pointment here, but it was gen­
erally admitted this step was the
only thing which could have stay­
ed Mustapha Kemal Pasha's hand.
It is pointed to as another evidence
of England's extraordinary pa­
tience-and earnest desire to avoid
war.
Up to the time of the issuance
of Brigadier General Harington's
temporizing note Saturday night,
the situation looked exceedingly
critical. It is now conceded his
tact and tolerance, 'coupled with
the timely arrival of reinforce­
ments from England, prevented
the Turks from striking at Chanak.
Situation Strained
The situation Saturday after­
noon was so strained a break seem­
ed inevitable. The British orders
were to defend CNanak at all costs
as the Turks were slowly envelop­
ing the Dardanelles citadel.
Saturday morning the Turkish
forces were increased by 1,500
cavalrymen and everything indicat­
ed the beginning of a hostile move.
New difficulties await the Brit­
ish at the armistice conference.
It known that the Kemalists -will
insist upen the British withdrawal
from the Asiatic shores of the Dar­
danelles and the immediate eva­
cuation of Thrace by the Gre«ko.
They will probably also demand
the right to cross the straits to
pursue the Greeks as well as guar­
antees against the use of Turkish
waters by Greek warships and
transports. The presence of Greek
war craft at Rodosto furnished the
Kemalists with a pretext for ac­
cusing (the British of ignoring
ther pledges .regarding the non use
of neutral waters by the Greeks.
It is expected the conference may
drag for several days as the
Kemalists doubtless will bargain
and haggle over every point. It is
felt that the influence of the Italian
generals will be an important fac­
tor in bringing the meeting to a
successful conclusion.
The British declare they will in­
sist upon occupying the Asiatic
banks of the straits even at the
peril of the conference. They may
also contest the immediate with­
drawal of the Greeks from Thrace
making this conditional upon ac­
ceptance of the allied peace pro­
posals. The inviolability of the
straits will be stoutly defended.
The allied policy at the Mudania
conference, it was learned, this
forenoon, will be decided upon at a
meeting in Constantinople this af­
ternoon of the allied generals, ad­
mirals, high commissioners and
military attaches in extraordinary
council.
The conference will discuss the
occupation of Eastern Thrace of
detachments of inter-allied troops
during the Greek army's withdraw­
al.
The expectation here is that the
Greek evacuation will begin imme
dately after the conference, per­
mitting the establishment of the
Turkish administrative control.
RUSSIA SENDS NOTE
Moscow, Oct. 1.—The Soviet
Russian government has sent a
note to England, France and Italy
protesting against the blockade of
the Dardanelles and insisting upon
the removal of all restrictions to
the free passage of trading shops
through the straits.
The note says the manner in
which England is "endeavoring to
control foreign seas and territory,"
shows indifference to the interests
of Russia and the other Black Sea
states.
The note accuses the entente of
interfering with the efforts of the
Russian government to re-establish
normal conditions in Russia
through ther enforcement of the
blockade, despite certain conces­
sions already made by the Soviet.
NEW KING RECOGNIZED
Athens, Oct. .—The newspapers
today announce that the British
minister signed the visitors book
at the Palace yeserday and they in­
terpret this as British recognition
of the new king.
TENSION RELAXES.
(By the Associated Press)
London, Oct. 2.—There was a re­
laxation today of tension over the
Near Eastern situation.
The despondency which has mark
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