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The Bismarck tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current, November 15, 1922, Image 1

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'For Bismarck and vicinity:
Fair tonight and Thursday not
rnucji change in temperature.
Restoration of Communication
Reveals Terrible Results
Of Disaster
Looting of Distressed Popula
tion by Bandits Follows
(By the Associated Press)
Santiago, Chile, Nov. 15.—Scarcely
a house remains standing in the Va­
leria valley in northerp Chile as a
result of the earthquake and marine
disturbances of last week. The full
extent of the disaster which centered
upon the provinces of Atacama and
Coquimbo became more ,fully known
today with tfie. reopening of tele
craph communication with north
In these two provinces the victims
number 1,500, as far as is known,
but it is expected the numbier of
dead will be greatly increased when
communication is resumed with many
small villages in the* interior whose
late remains unknown.
Dispatches today from LaSerena
told of serious damage which the
earthquakes inflicted in the Topo
Martial law has been declared at
Vallernar and in Copiapo owing to„
the looting which bandits have been
perpetrating on the distressed popu­
lation. The bandits are believed for
the most part to be prisoners who
cscaped from the jails.
The removal of debns in the af­
flicted regions has been started with
the help of soldiers. Eighty per cent
of the buildings are down and the
others are greatly damaged. Soldiers
are patrolling the towns by day and
the^ police by niglft. The state of
siege is being maintained.
Villages Destroyed.
Many smalll inland*, villages near
Copiapa we're destroyed.
an Fernando is in ruins. Twenty
three persons were killed thlre, A*
the village of Tierra Arnarilla" four
persons are dead and half the town
"•'•is in ruins.. ."At, San Antonio, seven'
arei dead and the town is a wreck.
/Casualties so far reported-frxJm Copi-.
Vapo number the dead at sixty and tho
^injured aft 110.,
cillo, a mining' town in the province
Travelers arriving from Chanar
of Atacama, say the earthquake was
felt there with great intensity. The
shocks opened deep fissures in the
hills and caused frightful noises.
The correspondent of the newspa­
per Mercurio, who has arrived at
Copiapo says that when the earth­
quake was first felt there Friday
night the eastern sky was illumi­
nated by an intense red light in the
shape of great flames. This phenom­
enon could be seen for a~ great dis­
tance. The tremors continued all
uight and Saturday morning. Just
before midnight Sunday another pro­
longed quake was felt and it was re­
seated intermittently until daybreak
Jump Out of .Windows.
During the tremors youte girls at a
convent and school justed, out of
the windows. Many of .them were
seriously injured when the second
floor sagged down. The hospital and
prison a^ Copiapo are in ruins but
the prisoners and the sick escaped
uninjured. Prisoners guilty of slight
offenses were freed by the authori­
ties. Several criminals broke jail.
Latest reports from the town of
Vallenar place the number of killed
and injured there at 1,300. It is be­
lieved that the total killed and in­
jured in the Vallenar valley will
Teach 1,500.
Copfapo, Chile, Nov. 15—Further
terron has been spread among the
inhabitants of the district devastated
by the earthquake by a strange phe­
nomenon observed last night.
A line like a great ribbon passed
along the horizon over thfe sea from
south to north, this being repeated
every two or three minutes. The
people were so alarmed that few
slegt, fearing a new catastrophe.
Santiago, Chile, Nov. 15.—Fear
felt for the safety of the ChHean
steamer Renaico when it was repdrt
ed that she had failed to answer
wireless calls following the earth­
quake-of last Saturday, were dispell­
ed today wHen 'her agents stated
that the vessel had departed form
Coquimbo and midway on her voy
(Continued on Page Three),
Steele, N. D., Nov. 15.—Chas. Welch
has returned to Tappen. He has re­
turned from Vinton, Ia~, where ne
found the damp climate in winter
-too hard for himself and wife. Mr.
Welch moved first to Beulah then
to Iowa, but finds that utter ell
Tappen suits him better than uny
place he has seen.
Philadelphia, Nov. 15.—Miss Anna
A. Gordon, of Evanston, 111., vice
president of the World's Woman's
The election of ottier officers was
rdjourned until to'inorrow. Mist
Gordon succeeds Rosalind Countess
of Carlisle of England.
Secretary" Denby Surrenders
Secretary.of the Navy Denby, who once enliited In the Marlnea, la
ahown here, surrendering to the demands of (owyMNU Beverly Moffett
«nd enlis^ns tn the Bed Cress. Miss Beverly, daughter ct Admiral
Moffett.. ia the youqgest. Bed_CroM worker.j
Active Commercial Club, Rep­
resentative of and Embrac­
ing People of Entire Com­
munity, Is Plan of Reor­
ganization Now Under Way
r—All Members to Have
Definite Duties to Perform
A large number .'of men and wo­
men arc interested in the Com­
mercial Club. Deep ddwn in
their hearts they are glad it* is
being re-organizel along the
most modern lines.They are
well disposed 'towards the plan
Through' the courtesy of The
Tribune, tho'se five questions
will bo dircussod, one each day,
in these columns.
Toilay's question, the second in
the series of articles on the work­
ing of .the modern Commercial Club,
which Bismarck .is. .building, is:
"What can ar commercial Clut do
for Bismarck anyway
It can do anything upon which
the thought and energy of the com
imunity have been ce'ntered as need­
ful to be done
ing what it should do, and the do­
ing of these things^ will then be­
come a matter of uniting the whole
organization to that end.
Putting the question in another
way, suppose it is asked, "Who is
going to say what the Commercial
Club is going to do?" The presi­
dent? NO. The Directors? NO.
The committees? NO. The members?
YES, abs6lutely.
The manner in which the mem­
bers will do this is one of the most
important features of:the reorganiz­
ed and expanded Commercial Club,
a feature on which is based one of
the chief- appeals for the support
and cooperation of men and women
of Bismarck.
In a word, it is a referendum.
Immediately af^x the completion of
the intensive membership campaign, ,.
a card will be given to each mem-
of in ha
Grand Forks, N. D„ Nov. 15.—C.
E. Austin, newly appointed manager
of the state mill and. elevator has
left for Medicine Hat,' Alberta, to
clear up his affairs there before
coming here permanently to take
charge of the state plant. He will
return late in December.,
•proposed by the American City
Bureaus They w.ant to hear
more about Jftsgjr..'jure .asking:
"Why does Bismarck need civic
commercial organization?"
"What can a modern Commerci­
al Club/do-for. Bismarck?"
"Who is coin? to run the Com­
mercial Club?"
"How. is the Commercial Club
going to he financed?"
"Is .the Commercial Club going
tp be permanent?"
Dickey Bond House and
Russell-Miller Milling Co.
*. /'{v:' -t
Minneapolis, Nov 15.—Edward P.
Wells, founder, and president of
both the Wells-Dickey Company and
the Russell-Milling Company of
Minneapolis, 'today announced his
Mr. Wells' decision jto resign as
active lfead of the four companies
was made on his seventy-fifth, birth-
What it. will do depends entirelyanniversary last Friday. He
upon the .membership. Every mem- J*?8 long defined to give more of
ber will have an equal voice in say- "is attention (to civic aqfairs
ties in your own line of business? ^med, entailing a loss of around $1,
(2). What as a citizen do you
think is the thing of first import­
ance for the Commercial Club to un­
dertake for the good of the city of
Group Meetings Held
In securing answers to these two
questions, reliance will not be placed
wholly on mail replies. Group meet­
ings will be held to olftain from every
member a candid and earnest expres­
sion of Opinion or suggestion. Wheni
all the meifters.have expressed their
Christian Temperance Union today in many other cities that the owners Mott ,said he would present witness
was elected president of the organ- ot thfese tvo questions, although com
ing from, 300 to 4,000 members, clas­
sify themselves under a compara­
tively few important headings—such
projects are more parks, street mark
continued on Page Three.)
Wells-Dickey Company
at Jamestown.
Houston, Tex., Nov. 15—The Hum-
b,e 0,1 field fire IS
ber, asking him two questions cuished and litle orrno fear is felt
(1). What, in your opinion, is-ine
undertaken by the Commercial Club!
Practlc«L»y extin-
the flames wil1 spread to
to improve conditions and opportune- *eavy Eravit'
barrels of gulf coast
have been con
000,000. The oil consumed was the
property of thp Gulf Pipe Line com­
pany, subsidiary- of the Gulf Oil Cor­
poration of Pittsburgh.
(By the Associated Press)
NeWtBrunswick, N. J., NoV. 15.—
preferences, the filled-in cards will ^Apparently confident that the chain
all be sorted out, like answers going I-of evidence is complete,.' officials
into, like piles. It will be found, no continued today preparations to pre
mattor how large the membershrip, sent the Hall-Mills murder case to
that the community is thinking along' the grand jury Monday. Witnesses
certain' lines of service, that are very for the first day will include Pearl
definitely cj^stal^zed %nder Seven,
fight or ten'Pr&bably more headings.
Some of these .piles of sorted pards
will stack up much higher than" the
rest, and from the answer on these
cards, the program of work for the
Bahmer and Raymond Schneider,
who found the bodies of the Rev. Ed­
ward W,- Hall and his choir leader,
Mrs. Eleanor R. Mills, and .County
Detective George Totten, who had
charge of the preliminary investiga-
Commercia! Club to undertake, will I tion.
be formed. It has been the experience. Tuesday Deputy Attorney General
es to show that Mrs. Francis Stevens.
Hall had knowledge of the relations
betwden Dr. Hall and Mrs. Mills.
Historically engineering is one of
the oldest of professions.
Being Held with Son by Chi­
nese Bandits, Cable-
Quarters of Several Mission­
aries Are Looted by Band
its in China
(By the Associated Press).,
Peking, Nov. 15—Einar Borg-Breen
of Minneapolis,, an American* mb
sionary of thp Lutheran churchy and
his son have been kidnaped by the
army of bandits in Honan province',
according to a report from Hankow.
Altogether eight foreigners',"includ­
ing 3 Americans, now are held cap­
Minneapolis, Nov. 15.—A cablegram
confirming the capture of Dr. Einar
Borgh-Breen, and his son by b&ndits
in'Honan province, China, was re­
ceived by the office of-the Norwegian
Lutheran church of America here to­
day. The cablegrams stated that
the town of Loshan where Dr. Borgh
Breen and his son were captured Bad
been looted by bandits but that dther
missionaries were safe.
The missing missionary left Min­
neapolis in 1911 for the post he has
held in China.
The cablegram was sent to' Ret.
J. R. Berklund of the home offlce of
the Norwegian Lutheran Church ,of
Minneapolis, Nov. 15.—The Ray.
Brog'Breen, graduated from Luther
seminary'in 1911 and in the year -Of
•his graduation was pssigned to the
mission, in Cheng Yang, Honan,
China. He entered the Luther semi­
nary from St. Olaf college,- North
-The Rev. Borg-Breen was born in
Hof, Solora, Norway, May 30, 1878.
In 1904 he came to the United State*
and for two years, from 1905 to
1907, he taught school in this coun­
try. '. .... VU-
He married Clara Margaret Knut
son of Hurley, S. D., in 1911. ... She
was a student of the Lutheran Bible
school of Wahpeton, N. D. Follow­
ing their marriage they went
(China wheij.'their son, Hof, w,
Since- the "time Rev. Borg-Breen
has made one visit to Minneapolis.
The cable received by Dr. Berk­
lund states that three missions were
lqoted^ the one at Chengyang, Sihsi
en and jSuiping.
Missionaries at other missions
are safe, the "cable said.
Fargo, N. D., Nov. 15.—Einar
resignation 'from the presidency of Borgh-Breen, Lutheran missionary of
each institution. He also resigned Minneapolis with his 5-year-old son
Us' president of the Electric Steel, reported kidnaped by Chinese-ban
Elevator Company of Minneapolis,
and tho American Elevator and summer parochial school at Glyn-
board meetings "this morning and
the position of chairman of the
board was created by each company
and Mr. Wells named, chairman.
Peking dispatch taught in-
\VarehouSe Company of Buffalo, don, Minn., several years, according sidered by attorneys for bond houses,
The resignations were accepted at I friends here. He is a graduate of but whether any method of maki'ig
St. Olaf's College, Northfield, and po8sjble the sale of the certificates
the United Church Seminary, St. An­
thony Park, St. Paul.
Mr. Wells came to Minneapolis in
the early seventies. In 1878 he
went to Jamestown, N. D„ where he
organized the Russell-Miller Mill­
ing CompanV 25 years ago. He also
organized the James River National
Bank, and was its president for
years. He founded the North Da­
kota Bank'er's Association and or­
ganized the
Los Angeles, Nov. 15.—The
case of Mrs. Clara Phillips char­
ged with the murder of Mrs. Al­
berta Trtmaine Meadows here
last July was given to the Jury
at 10:35 o'clock thia morning.
(By the Associated Press)
Los Angeles, Nov. 15.—The fate cf
Mrs. Clara Phillips, charged with
having beaten Mrs* Alberta Tremaine
Meadows, 20 year old widow, to
death with a hammer, was-expected
to be placed 4n the hands of the
jury some time today.
Judge Frederick W. Houser said
he would instruct the jury this morn­
ing and it was believed that the
jury might retire before noon.
Arguments werd completed yester­
The crowd trying to get into the
court room have become so large
£hat the county board of supervisors
passed an ordinance forbidding loit­
ering in the Hall of Records where
the trial is in progress. Deputy sher­
iffs have considerable difficulty in
enforcing it, being greeted with
"booes" and h'isses.
St. Paul, Nov. 15—Herbert A. Hag
man, 45 years old, Redfield, S. D. 'a
patient at the Mouads Park Sanitari­
um, committed suicide by hanging
himself to a bed post early today.
HV was suffering from melancholia
and had been a parent at the sani
ftrium "since September 8.
Mr. Hagman is survived by his
widow, who lives in Redfield.
State inspection of Company K,
North Dakota National Guard, being
recruited in Dickinson, has been or­
dered for next Monday night.
BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15,1922 (Leased Wire of Associated Press)
(By the Associated Preas)
Philadelphia, Nov. 15.—With mes­
sages of encouragement pouring ,-n
from every corner of the globe, dele­
gates to the eleventh world conven­
tion of the W. C. T. U. expressed
(confidence today that international
^prohibition, would be achieved not
many years hence. Delegates from
Scotland and Germany brought mes­
sages to the convention that even
those countries, generally regarded
as firmly opposed to dry legislation
•soon might prohibit the sale of in­
grains Say ...
The world convention closes today
and the national W. C. T. U. conven­
tion open.
Total Number Will Soon Be
Raised to About 7,800
By the State
Approximately lfOOO soldier bonus
claims will be paid from iforth Da­
kota fund the first of January, ac­
cording to the estimate of Adjutant
General G. A. Fraser. This payment,
totaljing about $250,000 expected to
taxes paid in] this
of the largest single
under the soldier
be realized fro
fall, will be one
payments madi
bonus state act.
The total number of claims paid
will be raised to. 7,800 on January 1,
or a few days thereafter, it is esti­
mated. Payments have been made up
to number 6825. The total number of
claims filed is 22,003.
Payments of soldier bonus claims
under the state atft has reached a
total of $2,219,637.46 up to Novem­
ber 1, according to the statement of
the Adjutant-General, this amount of
money being paid since February 1,
1920. The! number of claims paid in
the last year increased considerably
because of the tax from which funds
are realized being raised from 34 to
one mill. The average of the claims
paid is $350v the average length of
service of the North Dakota soldiers,
sailors and marines being about.114
Whether any effort will be made to
the present law in the forth
edittlng sgbsion of tho" legislature
provide for a bond., issue is ..held
doubtful here. Bonds could not! be
issued in sufficient amount to avoid
-—the present constitutional limita­
tion upon the "State debt 'limit, and
the legislature is thus debarred from
providing, in any way that the bonus
certificates could bear interest and
thus be marketed in entirely, it is
held by many. The only other method
of providing for the general sale of
the certificates—that of averaging
ihe time of payment of the claims on
fik—was held to be invalid by the
supreme court some months ago. It is
known that the matter has been cosv
has not been announced.
Washington, Nov./14—Senator Mc
Cumbcr of North Dakota will
succeed Dr. Thomas Walker Page as
a member of the tariff commission,
it is ^generally belived in official
Dr. Page is expected" to resign
soon to aceept a position at a much
larger salary in one of the leading
northern universities.
Senator McCumber, who is chair­
man of the finance cpmmittee and
author of the tariff bill, will be
appointed by Harding to succeed
him, it is believed.
Senator McCumber admitted to­
day he expects to remain in Wash­
ington, where he owns a house. His
term expires March 4.
(By the Associated Press)
Los Angeles, Niv. 15.—Still an­
other day of the trial of Arthur
C. Burch for the murder of J. Belton
Kennedy was expected to be taken
up largely .with efforts to nrove an
alibi for the defendant. I
Mrs. Emma Elbertson of Long
Island, was the latest witness to tes-'
tifJr she had seen Burch elsewhere
than at the scene of the crime at the
time the young broker was shot at
Beverley Glen, a suburb.
Residents of North Dakota are
getting good or the officials are not
enforcing the laws and collecting
fines. When Deputy Ralph Mad
land certified the totals oif fines.
forfeitures and panalties to the ,124^ precincts:
Department of Education for the ^'urr
last quarter, it amounted to only
$1,983.05 or very much less than one
cent per capita. Because of the
very small amount to be apportion­
ed tj the different school boards,
Deputy State Superintendent E. J.
Taylor will riot accept the fund until
the next apportionment is due in
the hopes of having enough to
awars each school unit at least five
Mrs. MacSwiney and Others tp
Be Arraigned Before United
States Commission
Declares Charge She Was Ar­
rested Upon Absurd—
Refuses Bond
Washington, Nov. 15.—After a
night spent in the house of deten­
tion, Mrs. MurieJ MacSwiney, widow
of Terrence MacSwiney, former
Lord Mayor, of .Cork who died in.
prison on a hunger strike," and eight
other women, two of whom elected
to refuse bond and remained in con
finement with her, Were prepared ,to
appear before a United States com­
missioners today to answer charges
lodged against them for picking the
British embassy here. The women
were arrested yesterday during, a
demonstration before the embassy
in protest of the detention of Miss
Mary MacSwiney, sister of Terrence,
who is a prisoner of the Irish free^
Counsel for the women stated be­
fore the hearing today that they
wou*ld plead not guilty on the
ground they had violated no law.
Asserting in a!. statement last
night that the charge On which she
was arrested wa* "absurd" Mrs.
MacSwiney declared she would "in-1
sist on an immediate trial" because
she would not remain under the im
putition of violating the hospitality
of a country which has afforded
asylum to so many of my race.
"Captains, six uniformed officers
and ten plain clothes men who ar­
rived to seize their banners and
march them off to police headquart­
ers, yesterday laughing and chatting
with them on the way. Of the two
besides Mrs. MacSwiney who re­
fused bond and spent the night in a
house of detention- cot, one was
Mrs. Mary Ann Nolan of Jackson­
ville, Fla., who is over eighty years
of age. All the others $ave Washing­
ton addresses.
Dublin, Nov. 15.—In an appeal to
the Irish people on behalf of Miss
Mary MacSwiney, who has been on a
hunger strike for eleven days in
Mount Joy Prison, the other women
political prisoners in that institu­
tion de e)are| tjoday that she- ha»
und?rgone a greilt change for the
worse and it was feared she would
Rumors that she had died were not
confirmed by the prison authorties.
More Than 1,000 Delegates
And Visitors at Opening
Of Convention
Rhode Island's first woman to be
elected to the Honse of Represen*
tatlyet is Mrs. Isabella Abern
O'Ntilljif Providence.
Indication of Whether There
Will be Further Hearing in
Lower Court Expected
Chicago, Nov. 15.—Indication of
whether further hearing of the
Chicago board of trade suit to test
the constitutionality. of the new
federal grain futures trading act
will be held in district e»urt here
or in the United States supreme
court was expected to be given to­
day. The case" ultimately, will \go
to the highest court.
The board in its suit,, which seeks
an injunction restraining enforce­
ment of the act, a temporary stay
order having been issued, alleges
tHe act invades pt&fe rights Over
state commerce and seeks to regu
lap such commerce as interestate
It is alleged by grain traders
here that the new law contains all
of the objectionable features of the,
Capper-Tincher act which was held
unconstitutional on. May 15 last.
Similar suits started simultane­
ously in Minneapolis, Kansas City
and St. Louis on October 30, when
the Chicago board filed its com­
plaint, by a decision of the depart­
ment of justice have been held in
abeyance pending outcome of the
case here.
^Chicago, Nov.. 15.—Hearing on the
icago board ojf trade's suit to test
the constitutionality of the grain fu­
tures trading regulation act today a
third time was continued. The mat­
ter was tentatively set for Friday
before District Judge Carpenter who
Wichata, Kan., Nov. 15.—More is out of the city and who was ex
than one thousand delegates and return by that time al-
visitors have arrived here for the
annual convention of ^ie National
Grange which opened today. Two
voting delegates from each state,
the state master antl his wife, will
officially represented the 33 states
having a Grange organization.
The appointment of standing com­
mittees for the ensuing year was to
occur this morning. The national
master, S. J. Lowell of Fredoaia, N.
Y., was to speak this afternoon,
softer which it is planned the nation­
al officers will make their annual
Problems expected to receive pri­
mary consideration by the Grange
delegates involve financial legisla­
tion, rural credit'legislation, a pro­
posal that state and federal taxes
be reduced to conform with the.
ability''"of farmers to pay and the
opposition of the smaller banks of
a system of branch banking.
"The American farmer must get
into his economic cyclone cellar
must retrench and quit borrowing
money if he is ever to see the dawn
of an era of prosperity comparitave
ly free of debit, "'declared Thomas
C. Atkinson legal representative of
the Grange, in a statement last
"Agricultural ills," he added,
"cannot be remedied by legislation
but the .American farmer cannot be
convinced of this, as was shown in
the recent election."
Fargo, N. D., Nov. 15.—Latest re­
used and additional unofficial election
figures today were:
For senator, 2,902 precincts: Fra
sier, 100,807 O'Connor, 92,198..
For governor, 2,088 precincts: Nes
tos. 107,585 Lemke, 77,532.
For "justice of the supreme court,'
Birdzell, 86.414
Burr, 82,214 Englert, 78,002 John-
g2214. En
though there was a possibility that
the case then would go over until
next Monday.
(By the Associated Press) ..
London, Nov. 15.—The British for­
eign office it was stated in authorita­
tive quarters today has telegraphed
to the French and Italian govern­
ment's a memorandum in which Great
Britain declares that the main Turk­
ish demands, which are to come be­
fore the Near East pence conference
at Lausanne are not regarded favor­
ably by the British government.
Great Britain stands by the agree­
ments previously made with her
allies, according to the memorandum.
She received unfavorable the three
main Turkish demands, namely, a
plebisitc in western Thrace rectifia
tion of the Syrian frontier in favo^
of Turkey and abolition of the capi-:
The Weather
For twenty-four hours ending at
noon today:
Temperature at 7 a, 30
Temperature at noon 40
Highest yesterday 37
Lowest yesterday 23
LoWest last night 26
Precipitation 0
Highest wind velocity 14
For Bismarck and vicinity: Fair
tonight and Thursday not much
change in temperature.
For North Dakota: Fair tonight
and Thursday not much change in
Weather Conditions
Showers occurred in the Great
eon, 94,075 Nuessle, 85,587 Richard- region, bflt from the Missis
son, 84,020.
Valley westward the weather is
generally fair. High pressure over
TO INSTALL FRATERNITY. middle Rocky Mountain region
Grand Forks, N. D., Nov 15.—Delta js accompanied by low temperatures summer Crawford made a sensation
Sigma fraternity of the University 1 while lower pressure over the nor
of North Dakota will be installed as
a chapter of Beta Theta Pi national
fraternity Friday and Saurday, No­
vember 17 and 18.
thern Rocky Mountain region is ac­
companied by higher temperatures.
Cabinet Resigns Following
Decision of United Socialist
Parly Leaders
Failure to Get Results in Ne­
gotiations Over Reparations
Given as Reason
Berlin, Nov. 15.—The German cabi­
net headed by Chancellor Wirth has
fallen. The ministerial resignations
filed last night, were precipitated b\
the decision of hte United Socialists
not to participate in a coalition min­
istry which included members 6f the
German people'^ party. But tho
friends of Chancellor Wirth were not
oblivious of the feeling that he had
outlived his usefulness and now has
became a victim of a policy of inde­
cision and inactivity which, found its
culmination in the government's fail­
ure to make a practical, arrangement
with the allied reparations commit­
tee during its recent visit to Berlin.
Ever since the assassination For­
eign Minister Rathaneau, the Chan­
cellor have been described as a man
who apparently possessed an inspir­
ation, no initiative. This attitude
gave added weight to the assertion
that the late Foreign Minister was
Wirth's inspiration, and the force
which urged him on.
Foreign criticism of the alleged
weakness of the cabinet, emanating
from London as well as Berlin dur­
ing the last few days, contributed
to undermining the Chancellor's po­
sition, even in the ranks of the
coalition party.
Wirth's further availability as
chancellor is strongly doubted by a
•arge section of the press, as well as
by many Reichstag leaders. They
believe the circumstances under
which the crisis was 'precipitated to­
gether with the present state of rep
rations negotiations demand as thu
head of the cabinet a man unfettered
by the failure of the government's'
revious policies.
A Critical Problem.1
In all, President Ebert is confront­
ed .with one of the most critical prob­
lems of his administration, especi
sjly in view of his party affiliations.
Among the solutions suggested to­
day the proposition for a cabinet of
:i'^narti#fin', experts seemed
favored although the. shortage of avail
vble candidates who would eventual­
ly command the confidence ol the
Reichstag was admitted on all sides,
it is also argued that a purely bour­
geois cabinet would be short lived',
In view of socialist opposition in the
Reichstag, which would be strongly
augmented by the growing unrest
among the working population.
The middle party leaders are also
convinced now that the moderate so­
cialists' failed to assimilate the min­
ority radical wing in the new united
?arty, which yesterday succumbed "to
pressure exerted by the former "In­
dependent socialists led by Arthur
Give* His Reasons.'
When accepting the resignation.of
the cabinet last evening President
Ebert requested the Wirth govern­
ment to carry on until a new minis­
try was formed.
Today President Ebert conferred
with leaders of both socialist's and
non-socialist parties.
Explaining to newspapermen the
reasons for his resignation Dr. Wirth
today said that since the last note
of the reparations commission had
been approved by all parties, except
the socialist, is seemed as if it would
be possible to form a coalition but
that as the socialists refused to par
tiacipate in the proposed coalition if.
becartie urgently necessary to take
some' action under which Germany
could pursue a settled external pol­
icy and the resignation' of the Wirth
cabinet thus appeared to be the only
Today the president will undertake
the first steps toward the appoint­
ment of a new cabinet. During the
night the situation was one of utter
confusion. A number of solutions of
the crisis already have been sug­
gested. One is for a cabinet of "bus­
inessmen without party affiliations"
while another probability concerns
itself with a ministry composed only
of bourgeoisie party. It.is uncertain
whether Wirth again will be com­
missioned to constitute a new min­
Beach, N. D., Nov. 15.—Omer
Crawford, who has escaped 'from
some six jails in North and South
Dakota, and who was being held in
the county jail at Buffalo, S. D., on a
charge of stealing cattle, escaped
from that structure a few days ago,
according to information received
here, where Crawford was once held.
It was stated that Crawford accom­
plished the delivery by filing off the
riveted end of the bolts in the cell
door hinges, and that when darkness
arrived he removed the bolts and
walked out. Authorities, fearing he
might be armed, made a cautious
search, but Crawford eluded them in
the darkness and made good his es­
It will be remembered that last
al escape from officers who were
bringing him to Beach on a charge
of horse stealing, but who was re­
captured after Crawford's comman­
deered auto ran out of gas.

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