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The Bismarck tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current, January 11, 1923, Image 1

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Unsettled and colder tonight;
Friday probably fair.
Populace Sullen as Foreign
Soldiers Arrive to Take
Over Industries
! Tell People to Remain Quiet
As Occupation
(By the Associated Press)
French troops entered Es
sen, the heart of the Ruhr
valley today, carrying out the
occupation movement deter
mined on by France, Belgium
and Italy.
The occupation was with
out incident and up to this af
ternoon the occupation Tiad
been accomplished without j
, bloodshed or even disorders |
of any kind. I
' Nearly all the troops em-j
1 ployed were French—two di-j
; visions of infantry and one of
; cavalry commanded by Col.
i Henry under General De
! goutte’s direction.
The French advanced from
1 Duesseldorf and Durisburg.
! A small Belgian contingent
I came down through Ruhr
( wort and joined the French
; near Mulheim.
j While the troops were en-
I tering the Ruhr the French
j mission which will control
( the mihes and other essential
i industries was on the way
from Duesseldorf under in
structions from Paris.
No Resistance
! With the carrying out of
the military movement fur
t hter into Germany the Ger
man ambassador left Paris
for Berlin. Simultaneously
; Chancellor Cuno declared in
the Reichstag Germany’s re
parations obligations would
cease to be discharged in fur
-1 ther direct dealings with the
“treaty breaking powers.”
Germany would not offer ac
tive resistance but would not
bow voluntarily to the move
i ment, he added.
' The i British cabinet held a
meeting to discuss the repa*ra
! tions issue. It was stated on
i authority x that the meeting
was not likely to alter the
British policy and was likely
to confirm Great Britain’s de
sire to maintain the entente
cordiale with France|
Notification of the decision
to withdraw the American
troops from the Rhine was re
r ceived by Major-General Al-
I len in Coblenz who planned to
f carry out the plan of return
of the troops.
In Washington it was un
derstood the recall of the
; troops would not be follQwed
tby withdrawal of American
participation in the repara
, tions commission.
l Essen, Jan. 11. The
•French are in Essen. The
first troops entered at 10
o’clock this morning. The
Belgian contingent moving
frbm Duisburg proceeded to
| the city by way of Muhlheim
i simultaneously ** wi t h the
, French. The Belgians were
| accompanied by a consider
: able' body of French troops
j and an ammunition column.
' All the soldiers have the full
: est war equipment, even gas
, masks.
\ The population appeared
sullen but there were no at
tempts at disorder. Advices
from nearby points indicated
that the movement by the
French and Belgians into the
Ruhr had generally been
without incident. '
\ Berlin, Jan. 11. —French airplanes
dropped leaflets over Essen yester
day calling upon the population to
> remain quiet, accoitflng to dispatch
es received here.
The leaflets assorted that persons
who stop work would be deported
(Continued on Page Three.)
This map showsrthe Ruhr Valley, rich industrial section of Germany,
which France has occupied to guarantee payment of reparations. Co
blenz is headquarters of the American army of occupation. Essen for
merly was Germany’s greatest munitions center.
Missouri Slope Irrigation As
• sociation, in Session at
Mandan, Adopts Resolu
Gen. E. A. Williams Boosts
Names of L. B. Hanna and
Sen. McCumber for Cabinet
Creation of a Missouri River Com
mission, composed of two represen
tatives from each of the states of
Montana, North and South Dakota,
and a representative of the United
States Engineers’ was proposed in a
resolution adopted by the Missouri
Slope Irrigation association in meet
ing at Mandan yesterday afternoon.
During the business meeting other
resolutions were adopted embracing
a policy on irrigation, officers elect
ed, and the matter laid before a
large number of members of the
legislature who were present in the
Mandan Commercial Club rooms. At
night there was a banquet sponsored
by the Town Criers in the Lewis and
Clark hotel.
The Missouri River , Commission
would be charged with making a sur
vey and study of all problems in
Volved in the control and conserva
tion of the waters of the “Big Mud
dy.” Other resolutions adopted in
Asking the legislature of North
Dakota to send a memorial to the
President of the United States, and
National Congress, asking tha\
money realized from the sale of pub
lic lands in North Dakota ip the
amount of $12,000,000 be made avail
able for irrigation purposes.
Supporting the Great Lakcs-St.
Lawrence Waterways.
Favoring the principles of the
Smith-McNary reclamation bill now
before Congress.
Asking state legislature to appro
priate $25,000 to make possible the
acceptance of offers of cooperation
by engineers of the U. S. Reclama
tion Service in making investigations
in Western North Dakota. ,
Instructing the executive commit
tee of the organization to co-operate
With any other organization seeking
to promote irrigation, drainage or
flood control in any part of North Da
Ask Experimental Farms.
Recommending the legislature ap
propriate not less than $32,400 for
the state engineer’s office, make ap
propriation for establishment of ir
rigation experimental farms on
lands pf state institutions,, and
that a co-operative-agreement'be
entered into with the counties of' the
state for the acquiring by purchase
of land situated in reservoir sites,
and for the construction of
dams, ditches, etc. i
Major A. B. Welch was elected
president of the organization and
Edward Fetter of Mandan secretary.
Vice presidents named included:
Edward Sullivan of the New 'Salem
Journal, P. C. Trowbridge of the
(Continued on pnge 7)
Interstate Commerce Com
mission to Act Upon Ma
chinists* Petition
Washington, Jan. 11. —Notice was
served on railroads of the country
today by the Interstate Commerce
Commission that the commission de
cided to proceed immediately to an
investigation of their expenditures
during recent months on maintenance
of equipment and the methods they
have used in providing freight car
service for shippers.
Though the commissions order in
stituting the investigation said that
no formal complaint had been made
as to railroad expenditures on main
tenance, informal petitions asking
for, an inquiry has been filed recent
ly by the International Association
of Machinists and other union*
which were involved in the general
shoperaft strike which began last
♦ +
For twenty-four hours ending at
noon today:
Temperature at 7 a. m 21
Temperature at noon 18
Highest yesterday 32
Lowest yesterday 15
Lowest last night 21
Precipitation Trace
Highest wind velocity 24
For Bismarck and vicinity: Un
settled and colder tonight, Friday
probably fair.
For North Dakota: Unsettled to
night. Colder in the snqth portion,
Friday probably fair.
Precipitation occurred in Manitoba
Montana and on the north Pacific
coast, but elsewhere the weather is
generally fair. Seasonable tempera
tures prevail in all sections.
Orris W. Roberts, Meteorologist.
Frederick, Md., Jan. 11. — Presi
dent Harding is "earnestly hoping
for useful legislative accomplish
ments" at the present session of
Congress, "in the direction of ameli
orating ,the economic situation, of
the agriculture" industry," declared
a letter read here’ this afternoon at
the eighth annual convention of the'
Maryland Agricultural Society and
affliated organisation.
Those who read his recent address
Expected to Declare Them
selves Definitely Upon 1
Program Legislation
* !
Courier-News Declares Leag
uers Oppose Non-Political
Mill Board
Nonpartisans in the legislature :
are expected to discuss fully and do- I
clare themselves finally in caucus in ;
the next few days on the changes in j
the industrial program laws recorn- |
mended to the legislature by Gqv- j
ernor Nestos. No hills incorporat- i
ing the proposals have yet been in- I
troduced, but may be within the next
week or so.
William Lcmke, who was here at
the opening of the session, returned J
again yesterday. Mr. Lemke’s pres- |
once forecast detailed discussion of j
the program. j
Informally some Nonpartisans l
have said that they do not oppose i
changes in laws if the changes will i
make the laws stronger. They will |
oppose, they say, anything designed j
to sap the spirit or vitality out of
the laws created during their re-1
gime. j
No serious division of opinion has I
been expressed as yet on the subject
of non-political boards. Some Non-1
partisans arc said to have leaned j
with favor toward such handling of j
the affairs of the mill and elevator:
at Grand Forks. Others oppose any I
change in the present law, which |
would keep the control of the mill in
the hands of the Industrial Commis-!
sion. The Fargo Courier-News as
serts that not one Nonpartisan fa
vors a non-political board.
For Wheat Price.
A resolution memorializing Con
gress in favor of some method for
stabilization of prices and relief for
the wheat grower, but favoring no
specific plan, was unanimously re
ported for passage by the state af
fairs committee of the house which
met today. The measure was slight
ly amended. The resolution was in- i
troduced by Rep. Jackson.
The committee recommended two
of the Judge Robinson bills intro
duced by Rep. Paul Johnson for in
definite postponement. They related
to legal procedure, one being a brief
declaration of the intent of the law
to protect the weak from the strong.
The committee held the Constitution
provided the guarantee asked.
The bill for repeal of the pool
hall law came up for discussion, but
it was passed over because it is un
derstood people will want to be
heard on both sides of the question.
Washington, Jan. 11. —Changes in
retail food costs during the month
ending Dec. 15 reported today by the
Bureau of Labor Statistic for 22
cities showed an increase in 18 and
a decrease in four.
The increases ranged from 3 per
cent for Milwaukee to 1 per cent for
New York.
Heavy frost east of Jamestown
caused many telephone wires to go
down, according to reports here to
day. The two direct circuits from
Bismarck to Fargo were out of com
mission, connection with Fargo be
ing made through Jamestown relays.
The wires were expected to be in
‘working order again this afternoon.
Mistake in Spelling.
The essay on “Bismarck and the
Future, ’ printed in The Tribune yes
terday, was credited to J. Henry
Klein. The author was J. Henry
Kling, the essay being one praised by
the judges.
to Congress, Mr. Harding was sure,
he said "apprec : ated the/keenness of
his interest in the agricultural in
dustry.” '
The President feels strongly, he
wrote, that the disposition of Con
dress is equally favorable and that
ft is possible to look forward w'th
a good deal of confidence to some
very important achievement
President Harding’s letter was
addressed to John Markey, president
of the Chamber of Commerce.
Allyne S. Bradley will come to Bis
marck early in February as the first
secretary of the Association of Com
He is now closing up his affairs
at Aurora, 111., where he has been
assistant secretary of the Chamber
of Commerce. He comes highly re
commended by the American City
hureuu heads and especially Blair
Clerk who interviewed him for the
board of directors.
Resolution of Respect to Mem
ory Is Adopted by the
Supreme Court
Resolution of respect to the late
Alfred C. Wallin, former chief jus
t:ce of the North Dakota Supreme
Court, who died in California, was
adopted by the state supreme court.
The resolution, as spread upon the
minutes of the court under the sig
nature of Ch ef Justice H."A. Bron
son and Clerk J. H. Newton, is as
“Whereas, out Almighty Father in
His infin'.te/ivisdom has taken unto
Himself, the Honorable Alfred C.
Wallin, at the age of 87 years while
living in retirement at Santa Mon
•'■ca K California, and, whereas, the
Honorable Alfred C. Wallin perform
ed great and useful service for th : s
state as Chief Justice and as a mem
ber of the Supreme Court of this
state for many years thus bringing
into the law of this state in its for
mative period high principles of
r'ght and justice and thereby re
flecting high honor upon himself and
the state, and, whereas the Supreme
Court of this state, as now consti
tuted, deeply appreciative of the
high character of his services and
their imprint upon the jurisprudence
of th s commonwealth, genuinely re
gret the passing of this eminent jur
ist, although otherwise happy to
know that to him so many years of
mortal 1 fe were awarded, therefore,
as a testimonial to his excellent ser
vices, as man, as lawyer and a jurist,
the Supreme Couit of the State of
North Dakota, does hereby render,
in open court, commendation of his
life and his services, devoted and
rendered in behalf of this State and
this Court; does hereby request that
the State Bar Association present
suitable memorials commenmorative
of h s life and services, and does or
der thot these remarks be spread
upon m'nutes of the court and a copy
thereof sent to the relatives of the
late distinguished jurist and to the
President of the State Bar Associa
“Thus be it resolved and ordered
by 'the Court, in open court, this
10th day of January, 1923.
Father a Physician
Judge Wallin was born in Otsego
bounty, New York, Feb. 12, 1836, a
son of Charles C. and Dorothy
(Strongitharm) Wallin, also natives
of New York. The father was a
successful physician and surgeon.
Judge Wallin spent his boyhood in
M'chigan and attended the common
schools of that state until 16 years of
age, when he was apprenticed to a
tanner and curr’er. He soon mas
tered the trade and worked at the
same until reaching his majority.
Feeling the need <of a better educa
tion he entered the academy at Elgin
111., in 1858 and pursued his studies
there for one year, during which
time began the study of law.
Later he entered the law depart
ment of the state - univenrty of
Michigan at Ann Arbor, and was ad
mitted to practice in Allegan county,
Mich., in 1864 and subsequently by
the supreme court of Illinois. He
commenced the practice of his chos
(Continued on Page Three)
are cancelled;
, I
Slate Board of University and
School Lands Takes This
Cancellations Mostly of Spec
ulators, According to Land j
- |
A large number of school land j
contracts on which holders are do- j
linquent for several years, have been
formally cancelled by the hoard of j
university and school lands, it was
announced today. The board con-!
sidered reports which have been in i
preparation for the past few weeks, \
at a rtjeeting held yesterday after- '
noon, and took final action.
Most of the contracts, it appears^
from the records of the cancellations, I
were held by non-residents of the
farms involved. Lands purchased j
by land companies, non-residents of ;
the state, and bankers, merchants,
are included in the cancellations. j
The hoard’s action was to cancel !
contracts on school lands sold by the
state, on which the purchaser was de- j
linquent six years or more on inter- [
est payments, and on which he had
not paid taxes for three years. On !
delinquenccs on which taxes have j
been paid regularly the board took j
no action, holding this an indication j
of good faith on the part of the pur- j
chaser and indicating the delinquen-!
coy was due to unfortunate circum- j
There were 444 delinquencies of i
six yenrs or more from which were)
selected those also three years or I
more in arrears on taxes. Because ]
all reports asked for several weeks I
ago from county treasurers on the j
statues of tax payments on the lard :
are not in yet, the exact number of '
cancellations is not known at pres
In McHenry county, on which com- ;
plete reports were available, 19 can
cellations were made. Of this num
ber nine contracts were held |
Stubbins Land company, of Gran
jville; two by a Towner hank; one by
| a merchant in Berwick, another by
| Mr. Wedge of Minneapolis and six
others whose business was not ap
parent from the records.
The action of the board follows a
long investigation and effort startel
last summer to collect delinquencej
on school lands. Interest on the
fund created from the sale of these
lands goes to the schools of the
(By the Associated Press)
Marion, 111., Jan. 11. —Delos Duty,
states attorney, said today four wit
nesses reported to him that they
had received death threats.
The four men were warned to re
tract testimony given against the
five defendants on trial for murder
in connection with the Herrin riots,
he said.
They arc George Harrison, banker
and farmer; R. P. Poole, real estate
dealer; It. O. Greer, former mayor
of Herrin, and George Nelson, a
The letters were said to have been
unsigned and were left at the homes
of four witnesss in several instances
attached to pieces of hangman’s rope.
Bastrop, La., Jan. 11—Fred Higgen
botham, who declared himself a
member of the Ku Klux Klan —char-
ter member and still a member
asserted on the witness stand today
at the hearing inquiry into hooded
band activities in Morehouse par'sh
and .the slaying of Watt Daniel and
Thomas Richard that although he at
tended meetings of the Klan he could
name but one official —Captain Skip
wit)!. Skipwth is the exalted oyclops
of the Morehouse klan. i
“As an American isn’t it true that
You knew where Richard was and
you went to the masked band and
told them he still was in Bastrop?”
Higgenbotham was asked with refer- !
ence to the k'dnaping of Richard. ►
“I did not," he repl ed.
San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 10. —Lieu-
tenant Fonda B. Johnson, 31,’was in
stantly killed on the Banera, road
nine miles from Kelly field late th's
afternoon when the plane in which
he was leading a squadron of ships
collided with a Spad piloted by Ser
geant D. G Warner. Both ships were
completely wrecked but Warner was
uninjured despite the fact that he
dropped nearly 2,000 feet.
Measure Would Forbid Use of
Public School Buildings
For This Purpose
Dancing in the schools, wh ch whs
the subject recently of a rather
heated meeting bofore the city
school board, would be forbidden in.
a bill introduced in the house of
representatives by Representatives
Halcrow and Hemple. The bill makes
it unlawful to dance in any pubi c
school biulding.
The bill declares: “Whereas an
emergency exists n that dancing is
no part of the public school curric
ulum that many taxpayers and pa
trons are opposed to their children
dancing for moral and consc entious
reasons; that public school dancing
induces, tempts and brings pressure
upon such children to dance to - the
chagrin of parents; and ; s an ef
fort to secure the dance at public
expense, this act shall take effect
and be in full force after its pas
sage,” The bill was referred to the
temperance committee of wh ch Mr.
Halcrow is chirman.
Another hill introduced in the
house by Reps. Heaton and Burk
hart would give the states attorney
broader and more defin'te power to
cite anyone for contempt of court
who failed to answer questions con
cerning law violations when sub
poened and put under oath by the
states attorney. Th s bill also pro
vides that “no person shpll be ex
cused from testifying because his
testimony might : ncriminate himself.
However, such testimony given by
any witness shall not be used against
such w tness in any case.”
A third bill, offered by Rep. Carr
of Stutsman county, would repeal
the conciliation law passed at the
last session.
Both the senate and house ad
journed early yesterday afternoon.
The senate rece ved the bill of Sen
ators Sperry and McCoy providing
making it unlawful for any organi
zation to appear out-of-doors with
booded’JPoverings which would pre
vent one from being recognized. This
is known as an anti-Ku Klux Klan
Both the house and senate were
in session but a short time yester
day afternoon adjourning to go to
Mandan to the immigration associa
tion meeting.
McCoy’s Views
“We don’t want conditions in
North Dakota to become such that a
man must carry a p'stol to be safe,”
said Sen. J. H. McCoy of Richland
county this afternoon explaining a
bill introduced in the senate, evi
dently aimed at curbing possible ac
tivities of the Ku Klux Klan.
“I am not interested an any re
ligious controversy btft I regard this
bill as necessary in view of the way
cond tions arc developing” said Sen
ator McCoy.
An important concurrent resolu
tion was introduced in the senate
today by Sen. Rusch of Cass. It calls
on the state guaranty fund commis
sion to furnish to each of the houses
of the legislature a report showing
the condition of the* guaranty fund,
the manner of its administrat on,
the condition of closed banks in the
state, the relat've amount of the
available fund and the liabilities of
the closed banks, and such other de
tails and informat'on as are likely
to be of interest to either the legis
lature or the public.
In the preamble t.o his resolut r on,
Sen. Rusch sets forth that a general
feeling exists that there is not suf
fie’ent understand ng of the situa
tion of the closed banks and the
guaranty fund, and that it is, the
belief of the members of the legis
lature that full information should
be available in order that the law
be strengthened where needed.
Introduction of the resolution was
prompted it is understood by *
statement made Tuesday night be
fore the committees on taxes and
tax laws of both the house and sen
ate to the effect that the f guaranty
fund comm sdion at the present time
h*<| only some $500,000 cash and
that its liabilities through closed
banks were four million dollara or
Turbulent Career of Deposed
Greek King Conies to an
End While in Exile
Exiled First During War
When Nation Opposed His
Interfernce in Conflict
Palermo, Sicily, Jan. 11.—Former
King Constantine of Greece died
suddenly here of cerebral hemmorr
The death of ex-King Constantine
of Greece comes after a scries of
trying exper ences which the former
ruler of the Hellenes had under
gone, boginn ng w th the beginning
of the World War.
Forced Off Throne
He was forced off the throne of
Greece by the allies in 1917 after
he had successfully resisted num
erous attempts to bring Greece into
the war on the side of the allies. In
exile until after the war’s close,
Constantine was called back to
Greece in 1920 and resumed the
Under his rc'gn Greece plunged
nto war with Turkey in Asia Minor
Constantine personally goipg to th<
front at one period of the cam
Last fall came the disaster to th
Greek forces in Asia Minor, followt
by the revolut on in Greece whic ■
threw Constantine off the thron
He abdicated and retired to Ital
and has been mak'ng his home a
Pro-German in War
Eight years or more have elapse !
since Constantine I first ascende
the throne of Greece; for three o:
them he was in exile in Switzerlam
having been forced to abdicate b
the Allies ow ng to his pro-Germa
attitude during the war. Upon th
death of his successor, his son Ale
under due to the bite of a pet moi
kep, in October 1920, Constantii
returned to Athens amid great ci
thusiasm of the Greek people,
plebiscite having determined in f:
vor of his restoration to power.
The Treaty of Sevres, by the sig
ing of which peace was declared b
tween the Allies and Turkey, ga'
the Greeks control of Smyrna ai
the greater part of Thrace whic
for centuries, had been Turkish te
ritory. The Turk sh Nationalists 1*
by Mustapha Kemal Pasha, in revc
against the Constantinople gover
ment, opposed the provisions of tl
treaty awarding those regions
Greece and, as a result, in the sprii
of 1921 the question of revising ti
document was discussed at an all ■
conference in London attended 1
representatives of the peoples i
volved. Despite Greek protests, t
treaty was modified and this, togef
er with reports of Turkish atrocit
against Greek colonies in As a J
nor, led to war between the fon
of Constantine and Mustapha Kc
» Takes Field
Constantine, after several Gre
successes, took the field against t
Turks in Anatolia in July, 1921, wi
the hope, it was thought, of quieti'
fact onal strife at home and furth
'strengthening his popularity. T
capture of Eski-Shehr, an imports
railway junction, from the Tux
shortly after the king’s arrival .f
the front, was the signal for w ' >
demonstrut ons ir» ’Athens, 1
crowds marching through the stre<
and accla ming Constantine and t
Greek nation. The Turks, outnu
bered, were driven back toward A
gora, the Nationalist capital. Duri
the fighting, Constantine was strick
en with intestinal trouble at EsL ■
Shehr and at one time remand un
conscious for 20 minutes, docto -
being summoned from Athens \
save his life.
Constantine’s devotion to the cam e
of Germany and the Central Powei-i
was generally attributed to the ir:
fluence of his wife, Sophia, a Hohcr
zollern Princess and s ster of Em
peror William of Germany. Criti
cism of him was aroused by his re
pudiation of the treaty between
Greece and Serbia pledging the sup
port of either power if the other
were attacked by Bulgar a. Constar -
tine asserted that Greece was nr'
bound to cqriy out her part of ti
pledge because Serbia was attack' d,
not only by Bulgaria but by Aust>. <
and Germany and that if Greece brio
interposed, she would have suffe
the fate of Belgium.
Demand for Abdication
The demand for his abdicat -n.
was not based upon this failure »<>
fulfill treaty prov sioifs but upon
repeated dismissals oi Greek par} i - -
ments and to charges that he <>r
Greek ministers under his direct to
had aided the Central Powers i>;
permitting the establishment af G
man submarine bases in Greek vm
ters, surrendering Greek forts fetid
man to Bulgaria and by dacHniag f
remove the menace of ki. umy fm
the rear of the Entente forces
(Continued on page 7)
. " •• i

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