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COOLIDGE FIRST YANKEE PRESIDENT IN 42 YEARS BORN AND BRED IN NEW ENGLAND, I COOLIDGE TYPIFIES PEOPLE AND SECTION; LIFE STORY IS TOLD For 300 Years the Coolidges Have Been New Englanders, of = Vermont or Massachusetts Wife Charming Woman = Well Fitted to be First Lady of the Land ~ For tlie first time In 42 years a native of New England has come into the presidency of the United States, in the person of Calvin For the first time in 70 years a resident of New England "has come to that high office. And Calvin Coolidge is hut the fifth New .England Yankee to be president, in all the 20 presidencies, in all of “the republic’s 124 years since George Washington was inaugurated. Narrowing the matter of residence down still further, he is the fourth, lonly, to go the White House from New England. Franklin Pierce was the last president who went from residence -in New England to the nation’s highest office. That was in 18f>3. Twenty-eight years later a Vermonter, (Theater A. Arthur, elected, however, from New York, became president. Thus for tho second -'time in Vermont’s annals, a son who*! is a vice president succeeds to the j residency upon the death of the president; for Arthur succeeded Gar field as Coolidge succeeds Harding. Only twice before Pierce, in the nation’s history, did New England a son to the White House, for both of the Adamses, John aijd his >on, John Quincy, second and sixth president, respectively, were natives jif and elected from Massachusetts. FEW ’VTCEPRESI DENTS 4'KQM NEW ENGLAND ffljr has tire nation chosen sons j)f ®l‘W England to be viccprcsidents in any considerable numbers. Only •five have gone from there—John "Adams and Elbridgc Gerry of Massa chusetts, Hannibal Hamlin of Maine, Henry Wilson of New Hampshire and Calvin Coolidge. Two others Chester A. Arthur and Levi P. Morton, born in Vermont, went from New York. The nation now hns its 30th presi dent; and of these, six have died in offfco, to be succeeded by the vice president. William Henry Harrison of Ohio died in 1841, John Tyler of Virginia succeeding him. Zachary Taylor of Louisiana similarly gave way to Millard Fillmore of New York, in 1850; Abraham Lincoln of Illinois to Andrew Johnson of Tennessee in 1865; James A. Garfield of Ohio to Chester A. Arthur of New York in 1881; William McKinley of Ohio to Theodore Roosevelt of New York in 11)01, and now Warren G. Harding of Ohio is succeeded by Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts. Little of sectionalism in this les ser place which New England plays to other regions that have furnished presidents and vicepresidcnts. If the charge of sectionalism is to come out of the element of nativity and resi dence, then Virginia, with its eight sons who became president, and Ohio, with her seven, far more than New England might be accused of color-, ing the chief magistracy with the ways of life and thought which arc peculiar to their locale. And New York, once called the state with the deciding voice in election of the pres idency, would find only three of the 30 presidents whom it might claim as hers by virtue of residency. Sectionalism, then, as outgrowth of birth or residence, is a minor consid eration, in lippraising habits of thought and elements of character in tho presidents of the United States. Of-larger moment, perhaps, arc vo cation and education or culture. In this particular, vocation, perhaps, conics first —especially when it is considered that of the 30 men who have occupied the presidency, 20 have been lawyers whose road to the high est political office started when they were practising the. profession of law. And as for education, a like number, 20, have been college men, Coolidge giving Amherst its first alumnus president. Sectionalism, vocation, profession, education—these are elements which might color the presidency. Yet above them rises individualism, and down the table of presidents one may run eye and choose no one man whp may 1 fairly be accused of being limited in his course of action by considerations growing out of these factors. But “still and all,” as the downeast saying goes, there stands out today one quality which marks Calvin Coolidge. In viiion and loyal ty and responsibility Ad all that go to make him fo<* the presidency, he is in American, of no single state or section or class. Out from his bio graphy through his 30 years since he came to his majority, Calvin Cool idgle's Americanism stands forth, ac centuated by his courage, his deli beration, his restraint. But one oth er factor remains, that marks him apart from this or that other citizen of the republic. He is a Yankee of the Yankees. For* three hundred years the Cool idges have been New Englanders—of Ve|morifc» or Massachusetts. For 300 years the elements that one looks to find in people of the northeastern portion of the United < have distinguishing characteristics of the: families that lead down to Calvin Coolidge, and up to the present pre sidency. From the soil of New Eng land they have come—New England soil, which, its proud spns say, duces men.” r..JKfera He Wow Hia Bride He is a sandy, red haired, medium sized, smooth shaven, silent, drawl ing quietly humorous Yankee, is President Coolidge. Born in Ply mouth, ¥jt, in a notch in the hills of the Green Mountain which used to be naihed Salt Ash before it came into the name of Ply mouth village. A little village of baldly 400 souls is Plymouth; typi cally New Englandislv typically Yan ka£ as the long sprssdost house that is the Coolidgs,farmhouse testifies, sn| as the store across the street testifies, too—the store that was tha birthplace of* Calvin Coolidge. All the #ays of three Plymouth folk as* Yankee ways—and so are the . why* of Plymouth's-**** :Wt Ash’s— vim CsMn Coolidge. His schooling was in fet. Johnsburg academy, in The Presidents •> <• President State Inaug. George Washington Virginia 1784 John Adams Mass. 1797 Thomas Jefferson Virginia 1801 James Madison Virginia 1809 James Monroe Virginia 1817 John Q. Adams Mass. 1825 Andrew Jackson Tenn. 1829 Martin Van Buren N. Y. 1837 W. 11. Harrison Ohio 1841 John Tyler Virginia 1841 James Knox Polk Tenn. 1845 Zachary Taylor La. 1849 Milard Fillmore N. Y. 1850 Franklin Pierce N. 11. 1853 James Buchanan Penn. 1857 Abraham Lincoln Illinois 1861 Andrew Johnson Tenn. 1865 U. 8. Grant Illinois 1869 Rutherford B. Hayes Ohio 1877 .lames A. Garfield Ohio 1881 Chester A. Arthur N. Y. 1881 Grover Cleveland N. Y. 1885 Benjamin Harrison Indiana 1889 Grover Cleveland N. Y. 1893 William McKinley Ohio 1897 Theodore Roosevelt N. Y. 1901 William 11. Taft Ohio 1909 Woodrow Wilson N. J. 1913 Warren G. Harding Ohio 1921 Calvin Coolidge Mass. 1923 Vermont, and then this young Yan kee faced eastward and went to Mass achusetts for his college course — down among the Bay State Yankees. When ho took up practise of law, he clung to the Bay State. And in his home in Northampton he fell in love with a tea\her of deaf and dumb children, Misa Grace Goodhue, and when Miss Goodhue went home for her vacation and Calvin Coolidge fol lowed her there, it was to Burlington, Vt., that they went—up among the Vermont Yankees. Perhaps that circumstance of young Calvin Coolidge acourting is as Yan kee a thing as appears in his life. Somes* days did the young mu,n re main in Burlington, until at last the Goodhucs asked him how long his business would take him. Oh, he hadn’t come on business; he had come to marry Grace Goodhue. “Have you spoken to her about it?” asked the astonished parent. “No, but I will in a day or two,” replied Calvin Coolidge. And a week later this silent, reserved, straightgoing Yankee and his bride, she that was Grace Goodhue, went d>ack to North ampton and rented one side of a two family house unentered on the mar ried life together that has seen Cal vin Coolidge 'successively city and state and national official—solici tor, legislator, mayor, president of the Massachusetts senate, lieutenant governor, governor, then vice presi dent and now president of the United States. And yet, until he left it to live in Washington ns second to President Harding, Calvin Coolidgo and his wife and sons remained resi dents of that same two family house —careful, canny, thrifty, conserva tive living Yankees in all their ways. Like her husband, Mrs. Coolidge is of New England. First of all, she is a “human” sort of a woman, not unlike Mrs. Harding in her relations with the people of her world. Their ways being simple ways, without ten dency to the least semblance of os tentation, they have lived in Wash ington about .as they lived in Mass achusetts—except they maintained an apartment in a downtown hotel rath er than establishing themselves in a “vicepresidontial mansion,” as old fashioned, ceremonious folk might say. There was an effort for a pre tentious vicepresidontial home-made last season by Mrs. John B. Hender son, the official houser of foreign diplomats, for many of them reside in houses which she has built and which she owns in upper Sixteenth street. This effort was quelled quickly by the vicepresident himself, who said it was out of the question to maintain such a residence on a $12,000 a year salary. So it was quickly forgotten and the Coolidges went on in the even tenor of their ways at the Willard. They rose at 7 a. m., lunched not later than 1, except when they could not control it, and dined about 6:30 p. m., except when dining out. And, in fact, when dining out, they had a modest little dinner early in the evening be fore dressing for the more formal function. Member Of Club One of her first acts was to become a member of the College Women’s club in Whekington, Arhere a comfort able clubhouse is es tablished It 182 I street and where she frequently has been the guest of. honor at teas and dfifners. Another early act of Mrs. Coolidge was to take up bar ditties as president op presid ing ckalfmait of the “senate ladies’ dub,” a> name which is a misnomer, but one Which was given at the founding, of the club, composed of the wives or other hostesses of sena tors. It whs organized by Mrs. Mar shall, Wife of the former vicepresi dent, between whom and Mrs. Cool idge a strong friendship sprang np at ones on the arrival of the new vice president and his family. The dob FARMHOUSE SEES HISTORIC DRAMA AS FATHER GIVES COOLIDGE OATH The president of the United States sitting on the front steps of his father’s farm home in the village of Plymouth, Vt. The upper picture, showing Calvin Coolidge and his wife and his father, John C. Coolidge, was taken the day be fore President Harding died. Below is the farmhouse, and the barns, skirting the road where the grass does service as sidewalk; the place has been in the Coolidge family for generations. It was in this house that the new president, roused from sleep in the middle of the night by the news of Mr. Hardings’s death, took the oath of office, administered by his father in his capacity as a notary public. was organized for Red Cross work in the first days of American entrance into the great war and has been con tinued for charity work ever* since. Mr. and Mrs. Coolidge were school mates and their courtship ran throughout all the later days of their studies. They are as different as two people could possibly be. He is a blond, not large, of the quietest mien, most noncommittal possible and entirely without enthusiasm. Mrs. Coolidge is a tall, handsome brunette, with large sparkling dark eyes, a rosy complexion, handsome white teeth, which are quick to he seen when she speaks ]or greets a friend or acquaintance, for Jiers is a ready smile. Her most frequent expression is one which might mean she had just heard a compliment or something witty. She has-a wonderful memory for faces and names and probably has more persohal acquaintances in Washington than any woman who has ever come here as a stranger, with the exception of her popular pre decessor, Mrs. Thomas R. Marshall. Have Two Children \ The two children of the new presi dent and Mrs. Coolidge, John and Calvin, are students at the Mcr spend their vacations with their par ents. Friends of Mrs. Coolidge assert that her first thoughts will be of Mrs. Harding, of whom she is very fond. Mrs. Harding made a wonder ful record as a White House mis tress, a position which she never wanted until her husband entered ’ President Sailer, his personal physician, Private'Secretary Christian and Mrs. Harding are shown leav ing tneir special train at San Francisco. On his trip through Oregon and northern California, the president was too sick to greet the throngs of people congregated 7at every stopping place. The picture'was takeii by NBA Service cameraihan in San Francisco and rushed east by air mail. •' L . * ’ ' a. m -» «- • *l. . , • J - . .u.- * - »r' t . JL.- -- - - r- - ~ ' I THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE the race for the nomination'and then the election. She then turned in-*nd did her part in the winning of the prize and has sustained the duties with credit to herself until her own illness cut short all festivities in the executive session. ESTATE SET AT $700,000 President Harding Profited From the Marion Star Marion, 0., Aug. 6.—Close friends of President Harding Saturday es timated that his estate probably was worth between $71)0,000 and $300,000. Before he assumed the presidency, Mr. Harden? was regarded as wealthy having efnnsscd a fortune of some di mensions from the Marion Star, the newspaper which he owned since 1384 until it was sold recently. The controlling interest, held by Mr. Harding, was said to have brought msre than a half million dollars. At one time or other Mr. Harding had been a stockholder in practical ly every industrial enterprise in Marion. At the time of his death he was a director in the Marion county bank, the leading financial institution of the city, and of th.e home-building and loan and savingß company. Mr. Harding’s last will, made just before he left Washington for Alaska, has not been probated. WHEN PRESIbENT RE ACHH) SAN FRANCISCO This country store—-typical New England general store and post office—is doubly distinctive. In this building in Plymouth, Vf., Pres ident Calvin Coolidge was born on the Fourth of July in 1872 . And it was in this store, possessing the only telephone in Plymouth, that the official news of Mr. Harding’s death was received from San Francisco. As vice-president, Mr. Coolidge daily tramped between his father's farmhouse and the store to get bulletins on the sick president’s con dition. Inset shows -the president. WILSON TOO ILL TO AID Former President Cannot . Participate in Funeral Rites WILL RIDE IN PROCESSION Washington, Aug. 6.—Wood row Wilson, in a letter to Pres ident Coolidge made pubic today said he would N ‘csteem it an hon or .to take part in the funeral procession” for President Har ding on Wednesday but that his lameness would make it imprac ticable for him to attend the fun eral services, in the rotunda of the capitol. The letter was in response to one from President Coolidge in viting him to participate in the ceremonials for the dead pres ident. Washington, Aug. 6. —Woodrow Wilson informed President Coolidge that, because of the condition of his health, he regretted he would bo un able to participate in the funeral of President Harding. An official < statement announced that President Coolidge had conferred with Mr. Wilson to ascertain his wishes and had. offered to make any arrangements agreeable to him. It was explained later, however, thdl the word “conferred” used in the statement was intended to indi cate only that the President and Mr. Wilson had been in indirect Commun ication through Colonel Sherrill and Rear Admiral Grayson, the former President’s physician. The statement was issued by Colon el C. O. Sherrill, White House mili tary aide, in charge of the funeral ar rangements, and said: “President Coolidge has conferred with former President Wilson to as certain his wishes in reference to at tending the funeral exercises over the remains of the late President Har ding and offering to make any ar rangements agreeable to Mr. Wilson for his participation in the exer cises. “Mr. Wilson has indic&ted his ap preciation of the courtesy extended by President Coolidge, but regrets his inability to participate on ac count of the condition of his health.” Admiral Grayson is in communi cation with Mr. Wilson and indicates that while the former President will not be able to participate in the ceremonies, he is in a satisfactory condition of health. LABOR HEADS VOICE GRIEF Express Sorrow Over Sudden Death of President Harding Washington, Aug. 6.—Leaders of labor organizations represented in Washington, assembled at the call of Samuel Gompcrs, president of the American Federation of Labor, adopt ed a declaration of sorrow and trib ute to President Harding and pledged thoir services -to the new govern ment. “We believe we speak for the great masses of the wage earners of our country,” the declaration said, “in our expression of sorrow in this hour of national sadness. It is a char acteristic of our people that, differ though we may among ourselves over matters of policy and principle, we have an unfailing regard and respect for the~president and the presidency* “Those who have sometimes op posed the presidency out of convic tion feel no, less deeply grieved than do those who have been his consist ent supporters. For ourselves, par tisanship has never been a personal question. It has been and must al ways be a matter of conviction and principle—a matter of judgment in relation to issues, but not in relation to men. Our hope and .fort is for humanity within our republic and fer the perpetuity of its institutions.” PRINTERS PAY v RESPECTS TO DEAD MEMBER Indianapolis, Aug, 6,—Members of the printing craft throughout the country • expressed sorrow in the death of their brother printer, Pres ident Harding, the deceased pres ident’s wife was told in a message of sympathy from headquarters of the International typographical Union here. > The message follows: “Words can but fail to assuage your grief, even though the nation mourns with you in your greet bereavement through the loss of your husband and our president. “The sorrow of his brother printers especially is poignant. Warren G. Harding’s pride jn his craftsmanship was typical of his lovable character and modest disposition. “To printers/specially his life will serve as an inspiration for future generations. May God’s grace sustain you in this hour, of immeasurable ?rief.” , President Hlhrding was an honor iiy of the I. T. U. New Church to . Claim Nation’s Chief Executive Washington, Aug. 6.-—For the first time in history the Congregational church, through the eyei of Calvin Coolidge to the Presidency, will be able to claim the natibri’s executive. Although not a member; Mr. Cool idge for many yesrr has been a reg ular attendant at Congregational ‘churches here and in accompanying Mrs. Coolidge, an act- / MONDAY, AUGUST 6, 1923 t Succeeds Coolidcre Senator A. B. Cummins of lowa, president pro, tempore of the U. •>- Senate, who succeeds Calvin Cool idge as president of the senior law making body. ual member of the church since child hood. President Coolidgc, although not a member of the church, is the firsi President to bo associated with the ,Congregational faith. He and Mrs. Coolidge rarely miss} Sunday services. When a young girl, Mrs. Coolidge joined the church at "her home in Rut land, Vt., and after her, marriage transferred that membership to the Edwards Congregational church at Northampton, Mass., of which the father of President Coolidge's private secretary, Edward T. Clark, once was pastor. FARMERS ASK SESSION GALL Meeting in Lidgerwood Adopts Resolutions to Send Coolidge Lidgerwood, N. D., Aug. 6. —Three thousand farmers of Richland, Sar gent and Ransom counties of North Dakota and Roberts and Day counties of South Dakota met here Saturday afternoon to ask President Calvin Coolidge to call a special session of congress for the purpose of passing laws to stabilize all farm products to compete on the American markets with American manufacturers and American labor. Congressman Young of Valley City, former senator W. E. Purcell of Wahpcton, H. B. Fuller of Fargo, secretary of the North Dakota Farm Bureau federation, Attorney Victor Anderson of Wheaton, Minn., and Mayor A. F. Bonsor of this city spoke 'on stabilization. Just before Mr. Purcell spbke the audience bared their heads for a re pose of five minutes to pay tribute to the late Prosident Harding. A set of resolutions of condolence to the bereaved widow was then passed. YOUNG GIVES VIEWS Lidgerwood, N. D., Aug. 6. —An ex tra session of Congress for remedial legislation for Wheat Growers wn': the keynote of Congressman George . M. Young of Valley City in a speech • here Saturday night to a jmass meet ing of wheat farmers from Richland, Ransom and Sargent counties. He urged that all should do their best to have county meetings throughout North Dakota to pass resolutions to this end, and also that those present write to their friends in other states , r to make a drive along the same liqes. Young said: “This is 410 time for / differences of opinion on non-essen tials. Let us all, of all parties and all factions, whether on the farms or in the towns, get to work on this wheat problem in real earnest. Thejrc have thus far been few discordant 'notes, and I sincerely hope it will ht> posssible for our North Dakota people to forget politics while this wheat campaign is on.” Congressman Young paid a feeling tribute to He de clared his adminratralfmi had accom .plished a number of big things which would make it live as one of the greatest in American history. WAITING IN VAIN policy at the White HouSe, has been 2’ V ‘Xf a _, by . Boy, Presided Harding’s Airedale. He watches tvgty arrival at the executive mansT&i, hoping it s the absent president, byt [he waits in yain for the kindly word of his master at the White House.