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The Bismarck tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current, December 03, 1924, Image 1

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THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE
ESTABLISHED 187 a BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1924 PRICE FIVE CENTS
COOLIDGE FOR NEW ARMS CONFERENCE
• STORY TOLD OF
BRIDGING BODY
OF GIRL HERE
Angela Holla, Testifying in
Shortridge Case, Describes
Ride in Night
GIRL DIED IN FLASHER
State Fires Opening Guns
in Murder Trial of
Shortridge
(Special to the Tribune)
Dickinson, N. 11.. Dec. 3.—A wierd
and gruesome tale of the death of
Freda Nadler Holta in Flasher on
February 25 last, a ride across wind
swept prairie roads in the dead of
winter to Bismarck, removal of the
dead girl from a taxicab to an apart
ment house in Bismarck and an at
tempt to lead the public to believe
that the girl had died a natural death
in her own home, was unfolded before
the jury chosen here to decide the
fate of Dr. W. R. Shortridge, Flasher
physician, charged with second de
gree murder because of an alleged il
legal operation.
Angela Holta. formerly a prominent
young Bismarck man, now said to be
residing in St. Paul, came back to
tell his on the witness stand.
Dr. Shortridge sat impassive while
Holta gave a vivid picture of the
events after the death of his young
wife to the jury of farmers hearing
the case.
i -•
I First Case Called
The case, the first on the criminal
docket of the December term of dis
trict court in Stark county, was call
ed up by Judge F. T. Lembke Tuesday
afternoon. But little time was con
sumed in the preliminaries of the
case bv States Attorney L. H. Conol
ly of Mandan and States Attorney J.
P. Cain of Stark county, appearing
for the prosecution, and T. F. Murtha,
J. W. Sturgeon and M. L. Mcßride of
Dickinson, defense counsel. The
jury box was filled with farmers, and
within an hour 12 men had been chos
en to decide the guilt or innocence
of Dr. Shortridge. It was remarkably
quick time in which to select a jury
for a case of such importance. The
case may be completed in a week. *
States Attorney Connolly outlined
the case he will present in an effort
to send Dr. Shortridge to pri
son for a long term of
years, and then called Henry Nad
ler of New Salem, father of the dead
girl, to the witness stand as his first
witness. A few brief questions were
put to Mr. Nadler visibly affected by
the tragedy, regarding the interment
of the body of his daughter.
Holta, a graduate of Bismarck High
School and formerly prominent in ac
tivities in the city, was then called
to the stand as the state began fir
ing its broad sides of testimony at
the jury without delay. A few ques
tions sufficed to establish Holta's
relation of the husbap'd of Freda
Nadler, their residence in Person
Court in Bismarck and quickly the
prosecutor led up to the time of
death of the young woman, a few
months after their marriage.
Many Objections
Holta's recital was interrupted by
numerous objections by defense at
torneys, some of which were sustain
ed, several points in the story being
barred on the ground that they were
not relevant to the case.
Holta told the jury that his 'wife
had gone to Flasher the day of the
tragedy. The witness testified that
the girl had called him from Flasher
and later he received a call from Dr.
Shortridge, who operated a hospital
at Flasher, asking him to come to
that town at once. Holta said* that he
asked the physician i£ anything ser
ious had happened and the physician
replied over the phone thut he should
come to Flasher “tonight or tomor
row, the sooner the better.” Holta
started. He said he left Bismarck
at 11 o’clock and arrived in Flasher
shortly after midnight and was met
by Mrs. Shortridge, who said the doc
tor was out making a call. Holta
was kept waiting for an hour, he told
the jury, until Shortridge returned,
long after midnight.
Would Quit Practice
Dr. Shortridge, according to Holta,
told him that Freda was dead. He
expressed regret and suid he was
tempted to give up his practice. The
witness further stated that “there
must be no publicity and if she is
buried in Morton county would issue
certificate giving cause of death as
influenza.” Holta then related how
the body of the girl wus placed in
the tonneau of an automobile and
taken to Bismurck during the night
by Shortridge and his driver. The
car was stopped a short distance
from the Bismarck apartment ,and
the body was carried by Holta and
Shortridge to the bedroom of the
apartment. Final efforts were then
made to make it appear that the girl
had died in her own home. There,
Holta testified, Dr. Shortridge remov
ed the clothing and x attempted to
wash the blood off of a fur coat worn
by the girl. Shortridge asked him
many questions regarding the girl
and made out the death certificate.
Continuea Story
Resuming his testimony on the
witness stand Holta continued his
sordid tale which bared a guilty love
and its tragic eon sequences, for al
though Holta and the gift lived to
gether in a Bismarck flat for several
(Continued on pafo t)
ROBINSON ASSUMES DUTIES
In
Theodore Robinson, nctvly-appoinu.l i i- nut «errelary of the navy
(left), hole's his first eon feres e witii Secretary of the Navy Wilbur
(sitting) ami Admii.il liberie. cbUn ,*i operations.
PHYSICIAN, ARRESTED IN CONNECTION
WITH DEATH OF WIFE, DENIES CHARGE
Will Issue Statement, He
Says, Lying on Bed Suffer
ing From Wound Said In
flicted by an Assailant
Birmingham, Ala., Dec. o. —(By the
A. P.) — Despite utmost secrecy
among authorities concerning evi
dence which caused the arrest of
George T. Edwards late yesterday in
connection with the death of his
wife, it became known today that
medical associates of Dr. Edwards
had scrutinized the physician's ac
tions for a month.
At the same time it was stated his
medical associates vouched utmost
confidence in the physician’s person
al and professional integrity.
As he tossed on a bed of pain, suf
fering from an ugly wound in the
left hand which he laid was inflict
ed by an assailant who murdered his
wife, Dr.. Edwprds told those about
his bed late Inst night that he would
make a statement today.
Highly nervous, be reiterated his
story of the attack on him hy a
burglar, who, he said, had previously
slain his' wife after entering the
home.
JURY MUST BE
KEPT BUSY
Judge Coffey Says it Won’t
Sit Around Idle
The jury in the December term of
ccurt here will not be idle, Judge J.
A. Coffey of Jamestown, presiding
at the term of court, which opened
yesterday, declared today. Judge
Coffey yesterday called the docket
with lawyers, in an effort to line
up cases for trial. It proved some
what difficult because witnesses are
scattered and other terms of eourt
are engaging many lawyers.
The state was ready to move a
jury trial this morning in the Ren
ick liquor case, but F. E. McCurdy,
defense attorney, is engaged in a
jury trial at Mandan, and the case
had to go over.
Judge Coffey said that unless he
could keep the jury busy steadily,
he would adjourn the term of court.
Pleas of not guilty were entered
by Dan Bougas and John Homan in
hours of labor for women cases, and
pleas of not guilty were entered by
Mike Kozal, Leo Quam and Claude
bossen.
Patrolman in
Madison Killed
Madison, Wis., Dec. 3.—Patrolman
Herbert Dreger, 28, was mysterious
ly shot to death and Elmer Thomp
son, 21, a crippled elevator operator,
was wounded here last night in the
second serious outbreak of tfie Ita
lian feud which has claimed a dozen
lives in the‘last few years.
IRISH QUIT LISTENING
TO LONDON
Belfast, Ireland, Dec. 3. —The new
radio broadcasting station here has
increased the number of Irish ama
teurs. Previously they had to tune
in on distant London; now Belfast
gives them nightly u program of
Irish flavor, including Irish music.
Receiving sets find a ready market.
BREAKFAST CONFERENCE ENDED
WITH NO INSURGENTS INVITED
Washington, Dec. 3.—President
Coolidge closed his series of break
fast conferences with Republican
Senators today without having invit
ed to the White House Senators La-
Follette of Wisconsin, Frazier and
Ladd of North Dakota and Brookhart
of lowa, insurgents, who were read
out of the party last week by the Re
publican Senatorial conference.
Dawes To Head
Oil Company
Columbus, Dec. 3. - Henry M.
Dawes, whose desire to resign as
comptroller of the currency, was an
nounced in Washington yesterday
will become President of the Pure
Oil Company, succeeding Beeman G.
Dawes, it was announced today at
the oi! company offices here.
SELECTION OF
‘U’ GRADUATES
OF NOTE VEXES
Stefansson Arctic Explorer,
Heads the List of Possi
bilities *
Grand Forks, Dec. 3. —Several
graduates of the University of North
Dakota who are known throughout
the United States are showing up
as nearly certain of being selected
i» the list of ton most prominent
foitner students being picked by
student and alumni balloting under
the direction of the University Press
club.
Vilhjalmur Stefansson, arctic ex
plorer and world renowned man, is
one of the early favorites. His ex
ploits in the northland have brought
him before the eyes of the world on
several occasions.
Maxwell Anderson, New York play
wright, who recently won national
recognition for a manuscript of his,
is another U. N. D. graduate who ap
pears nearly certain of nomination
as one of ten most prominent grads.
J. Francis Douj*lus, head of a
large construction company and one
of the builders of Seattle, is also
one of the leaders.
Others who seem to have excell
ent chalices of being picked are:
Thomas Campbell, known as the
world’s greatest wheat farmer; O. B.
Burtness, a Grand Forks man and
twice elected congressman to tjre
United States house; Terrence Quir
kc, head of the department of geo
logy of the University of Illinois,
who last slimmer conducted a geo
logical survey of Canada; Lynn J.
Frazier and R. A. Nestos, past and
present governors of North Dakota,
the former being a senator, and,
Benjamin Eilson, whose
in Alaskan Air service w*ere just re
el ntly broadcast over the nation.
Students who wish to voice their
opinions concerning the ten mdst
prominent “old grads” may submit
a list in the Journalism box in Mer
rifield hall basement. Several alum
ni organizations in cities of America
are already participating in choos
ing the men or women whose names
and pictures shall be placed in this
year’s Dacotah as the greatest for
mer students of the University of
North Dakota. Lists may be mailed
tc Charles Burke, at the university.
SWISS LIKE AMERICAN AUTOS
Zurich, Dec. 3.—Out of the 18,300
automobiles registered in Switzer
land, it is estimated that one-third
were made in the United States.
American cars are popular with the
Swiss. An interested car owner
counted the autos on the streets of
Zurich one day recently, and said
that five out of every six machines
present came from America.
Guests of the President at today’s
breakfast included Senators Weller,
Maryland; Bursum of New Mexico;
Butler, Massachusetts: Metcalfe,
Rhode Island; Means, Colorado; Har
reld, Oklahoma; Shortridge, Califor
nia; Stanfield, Oregon; Reed and
Pepper, Pennsylvania; Couzens,
Michigan; Greene, Vermont, and
Fess, Ohio,'
CONGRESS NOW DEATH OF FEE
TO SWING INTO IN MOUNTAINS
SPEEDY ACTION HELD NATURAL
t
• V
Last of Formalities Incident Experts Testify as to How
To Opening of Session Their Conclusions Were
Will Pass Today Reached of Man’s Death
MONEY BILLS RUSHED GIRL HELD INNOCENT
House to Take Up First Ap- Rigor Mortis Had Not Set in
propriation Bill, and House When the Body First
First Supply Bill Reached the Ground
Washington, Dec. II.—(By the A. San Bernardino, Calif., Dec. 3. —(By
P.) —The last of the formalities incf- the A. P.) —William R. Fee, San Ca
dent to the opening of the final ses- briel bank president, whose body was
sion of the 68th Congress will be per- found several days ago in the San
formed today with the transmission Bernardino mountains 60 feet from a
of President Coolidgc’s annual mess- cabin occupied by Miss Mary Wat
age embodying his recommendations kins, 26, who said she was a close
for legislation. friend of the banker, died a natural
Having more or less marked time death, according to a unanimous
awaiting receipt of this document agreement reached last night by au-
Congress will get down immediately thorities. The report was based on
to the serious w’ork of the session, scientific conclusions rather than
The House will begin consideration evidence submitted to a coroner’s
of the first of the appropriation jury, which found that Mr. Fee died
bills, that on the Interior Department from a blow inflicted by persons un
and the Senate will give its atten- known. What was at first thought
tion to general legislation pending to be human blood smeared on a pair
the receipt of the supply measure of pruning shears, found in Mr.
from the House. Fee’s hand at the time of his death,
Under an unanimous consent proved to be rust, J. Clark Sellers,
agreement entered into at the last internationally known criminologist,
session, Muscle Shoals was again at j working on the case, said. Mr. Sell
the fore in the Senate, with new mea-f ers’ conclusions were supported by
sures dealing with that long discuss- j those of Dr. A. F. Wagner, a Los An- j
ed subject, the whole question is gcles autopsy surgeon, who said rig-j
likely to find its way back to the Jor mortis had not set in when Mr. <
agriculture committee. i Fee’s body first reached the ground.
If the banker had been slain away I
from the spot where his body had
been found, the post-mortem stiffness
would have set in before the body
could be moved
With the Interior Department ap
propriation bill ready for it, the
House passed up its usual calendar
Wednesday in order to rush that
measure. Leaders expect to put the
supply hills through in record time
so as to clear the way for later con
sideration of other subjects.
With the Republican committee on
committees submitting its report on
new committee assignments to the
Republican Senate conference today
it is the expectation that the reor
ganization of the standing commit
tees will be completed within a week,
at least.
MESSAGE READ
Washington, Dec. 3—(By the A. P.)
—Congress received President Cool
idge’s annual message today imme
diately on convening and immediate
ly thereafter plunged into the serious
work of the session.
With the exception of the two
years Woodrow Wilson was ill in the
White House this was the first time
since 1913 that the executive had not
delivered his annual message in per
son. It was transmitted by messeng
er and read.
Little hope was held out for trans
lation of many of the President’s re
commendations into laws at this ses
sion. Their views already have been
given to the President in conferences.
A number of Mr. Coolidge’s re
commendations were covered by bills
coming over from last session. There
were some that the President disap
proved, among them being Senator
LaFollelte’s bill to change the basis
of railroad valuations.
There were large crowds in the
galleries who appeared to give clos
er attention to the President’s mess
age than did the Senators and Re
presentatives. As the reading went
forward, there were some group con
ferences on the floor. As a rule,
however, the law makers followed
the reading closely, especially that
part relating to agriculture. Muscle
Shoals and taxation.
Just before the message was read,
the steering committee of the house
had mapped out a plan for passage
of a t least three of the important
supply bills before Christmas.
COOLIDGE ON
. WESTERN TRIP
Crosses Alleghenies For First
Time Since Made President
Washington, Dec. 3.—(By the A.
P.) —President Coolidge, leaving
Washington about inid-afternoon to
day on a regularly scheduled train,
will arrive in Chicago tomorrow
morning to deliver two addresses.
The trip is his first west of the
Alleghenies since he entered the
White House.
A visit to the International Live
stock Exposition, now being held in
Chicago, and an address to the live
stock men gathered there, is the pri
mary object of the trip, but Mr.
Coolidge also has agreed to speak
before the Commercial Club of Chi
cago and hold several conferences
during his stay.
MINOT MAN LEFT SBOO,OOO
ESTATE BY HIS BROTHER
Minot, N. D., Dec. 3. —John Curran,
single, Minot contractor, will leave
soon for Spokane, Wash., to formally
claim an estate of about SBOO,OOO left
by his brother, Francis Curran, also
single, who was recently killed in an
auto accident. The estate consists
mostly of logging properties in the
State of Washington and British Co
lumbia, Canada. By mutual agrqo*
ment, each brother designated the
other ah sole heir in his will.
Mr. Fee was staying with Mrs. Fee
at a cabin a half mile from Miss
Watkins’ cabin when he disappeared
three days before his body was found,
He left to repair a radio. Sheriff W.
A. Shay, supporting the conclusions
of Dr. Wagner and Mr. Sellers, said
the presence of Joseph Walker, who
escorted Miss Watkins to her moun
tain place on the same day Mr. and
Mrs. Fee went to the mountains
might have agitated the banker.
COUNTY WONT
CANCEL TAXES
Request of Bank of North
Dakota Is Refused
The board of coihity commission
ers, in session here, today definite
ly refused the request of the Bank
of North Dakota to cancel taxes on
land on which the bank had fore
closed. An opinion of States Attor
ney Allen was given as follows:
“Regarding the matter of rebating
and cancelling taxes remaining un
paid on lands foreclosed on loans
made by the Bank of North Dakota,
I advise that such abatements and
cancellations be refused by you.
W’hile the law reads ihat in .such
cases the tax shall be “cancelled and
abated by the Board of County Com
missioners." I am of the opinion that
the law is unconstitutional and
against public policy. Burleigh
county cunnot function as a county
if there were sufficient foreclos
ures to have all its back taxes can
celled and abated, and in many in
stances the taxes have been sold
and the county has anticipated its
revenue, ns it hud a right to do, and
until the court of last resort holds
that you must make said cancella
tions and abatements, I believe it
is your duty to refuse the request
made.”
Survivor of
G. A. R. Gives the
Colors to Lodge
Wahpeton, N. D., Dec. 3. —A beau
tiful silk flag, presented several
years ago to Summer post No. 7, G.
A. R. of Wahpeton by Alexander Hay,
thfen commander, has been given by
the donor into the keeping of Wahpe
ton lodge No. 15, A. F. & A. M., be
cause of the 75 members once boasted
by the post he alone remains. The
year 11122 found the post with only
two members: Alexander Hay, again
commander, and Julius Keen, senior
vice commander. Now sole survivor,
Mr. Hay at the age of 711, has decided
to give his gift into the keeping of
the lodge.
Mr. Hay on Aug. 9, 1881, enlisted
in Co. A, 94th New York infantry.
He was taken prisoner by the Con
federates at the battle of W’cldon
railroad on Aug. 19, 1864, escaping
from Saulshury prison in North Car
olina on Jan. 25, 1864, and 'reaching
the Union lines a month later. In
June, 1865, he was discharged from
service. He joined the Wuhpeton G.
A. R. post in 1883.
BUTTON TAKEN FROM LUNG
Marmarth. N. D., Dec. 3.—A button
swallowed by small William Does
burg, formerly of Marmarth, and now
of Mclntosh, S. D., lodged in the
boy's lung and was removed by a
.special operation performed by a St.
Paul specialist. The boy is recover
ing.
PRODUCER
m
: jL. <- ; ; .
v I I
w #1 ll * '
*•
Ihe movies have a woman produ
iVr now. M is. Thomas 11. Inve
widow of tlie pioneer film man, has
taken on the direction of his stu
dios.
LEAGUERS MAY
CARRY CONTEST
BEFORE SENATE
Reported That Proceedings
Will Be Enlivened by
Wells County Man
COURT
T I M E . PASSED
j I'rohahility of the forthcoming scs
j sion of the North Ihikutsi State l.eg
, isluture being enlivened l»j a con
test for the senatorial scat from
Wells county loomed today sis a doz
en Nonpartissm League officials ami
workers met in informal conference
i here, preceding a banquet to be jriv
.en tonight for the lJurleigh county
legislative ticket, at which A. (j. Sor
lic. Governor-elect, will be an honor
guest
I
It was reported recently that a con
test would be staged in Wells county,
where an independent was elected to
the senate, and an effort made to
throw out the vote of at lfeast one
Fessenden precinct where it was al
leged the bullots were left unguard
ed and other misconduct took place.
No contest was inaugurated in the
courts within the required time, but
discussion of the contest has since
been made, and some Nonpartisans
today expressed the belief that the
matter may be carried before the
state senate.
The Independents now have a pa
per majority of one in the senate
and the seat won by Fred Path man,
Independent, in Grant County, is be
ing contested by O. C. Gross, Leaguer.
The Nonpartisan* have u clear major
ity in the house.
Patronage matters also were dis
cussed informally here, it is under
stood, and following the conference
several leaguers elected to office arc
expected to select deputies and other
employs. Among those in tha city
today were Mr. Sorlio, Walter Mad
dock, Lieutenant-Governor-elect; Ro
bert Byrne, Secretary of State; C. A.
Fisher, State Treasurer-elect; F. A.
Vogel of Coleharbor, E. J. Pepke of
Minot, League Campaign Manager;
Senator William Martin of Mandan.
and Roy Frazier of Crosby.
YOUTHS HELD
FOR ATTACKS
Chicago. Dec. .*s.—Eight youths,
ranging in age from 1G to 27, were
held today in connection with a ser
ies of attacks on women on the south
side, during recent months. Partial
confessions were obtained, police
said.
In each case the women were.kid
naped after their escorts were slug
ged. One of the victims, Mrs. Frances
Palermo, married by her fiance the
next day, died three weeks later, sup
posed from the results of the attack.
Weather Report j
* o
For 24 hours ending at noon.
Temperature at 7 a. m 21
Highest yesterday 40
Lowest yesterday 20
Lowest last night 24
Precipitation 0
Highest wind velocity 12
WEATHER FORECAST
For Bismarck and vicinity; Snow
probably tonight and Thursday. Not
much change in temperature.
For North Dakota: Snow probably
tonight and Thursday. Not 'much
change in temperature.
WEATHER CONDITIONS
The pressure is high from the cen
tral Canadian Provinces southwest
ward to the Pacific coast stages while
a low pressure area is centered over
the southwestern Plains States and
southern Rocky Mountain region. The
weather is unsettled in all sections
and precipitation occurred from the
northern Rocky Mountain region
westward t° the north Pacific coast.
Moderate temperatures prevail.
ORRIS W. ROBERTS,
Meteorologist.
PRESIDENT, IN MESSAGE, ALSO
URGES CONSIDERATION OF. STEPS
TO OUTLAW WAR IN THE FUTURE
Would Call New Arms Limitation Conference But For the
Fact That Similar Steps Have Been Taken in Europe,
Is Statement of President to Congress Renews Plea
For Economy, and For Less Governmental Interference—
Advocates Reorganization of Departments for Efficiency
Washington, Dec. 3.—President Coolidge advised Con
gress in his annual message today that perhaps the most
important work it could do at its present session would be
to practice such economy as to make possible a reduction
of taxes for the next fiscal vear.
“The government can do more to remedy the economic
ills of the people by a system of rigid economy in public
expenditure,” he said, “than can be accomplished through
any other action.”
Although stressing economy, Mr. Coolidge presented a
wide range of other recommendations, some new and others
reiterations of proposals made a year ago in his first annual
message.
Most of these related to domestic affairs, but the Pres
ident went in to the field of international relations to renew
his plea for American adherence to the Permanent Court of
International Justice; to declare the United States not to
be disposed to join the League of Nations; to appeal for
support by public authorities and private citizens for the
European reparations settlement plan, and to repeat his
declaration of opposition to cancellation by the United States
of the debts owed the country by foreign nations.
MacDonald To
Lead Labor
London, Doc. 3.—(By the A. I'.) —
Ramsay MacDonald, former Labor
premier, was reelected chairman and
eader of the parliamentary labor
party today.
FORD FAILS
TO MAKE BID
Secretary Tells Senator Bid
Is Withdrawn
Washington, Dec. 3.—Henry Ford
today declined to commit himself on
the proposal to renew his Muscle
Shoals hill.
Senators McKellar, Tennessee, and
Heflin, Alabama, Democrats, who
yesterday telegraphed a request to
Ford to resubmit his proposal, today
received the following message from
Ford's Secretary:
“Answering yours of Dee. 2nd, Mr.
Ford’s offer was withdrawn by him
in his letter to the President Oct. 15.’’
CAN’T ENJOIN
COMMISSIONER
Cannot Be Legally Prevented
From Making Taxes Public
Washington, Dee. 3. — The Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue may not
be enjoined from making available
to public inspection the name and
postoffice address of an income tax
payer as well as the amount paid.
Judge Hochling held today in the
District of Columbia Supreme Court.
The decision was handed down in
an opinion granting the motion of
Commissioner Blair to dismiss the
suit for an injunct ion filed against
him by Gorham Hubbard of Boston
to prevent the publication of amount
of tax paid by the petitioner.
TREASURY TO
ISSUE LONG
TERM BONDS
Washington, Dec. 3.—After finan
cing its requirements for more than
two years with short time obliga
tions, the treasury has turned to an
issue of long term bonds to obtain
cash to meet maturing >indebtedness
and carry the government through
the next three months.
Announcement was made last night
that an issue of 20 to 30 year four
percent bonds will he offered De
cember lf>, in the amount of $200,-
000.00. The new securities, the first
long time obligations put in market
by the treasury since October 1022
will mature Dec. 15, 1954, hut the
right is reserved to call them for
retirement on aud after Dec. 15,
1944 on notice of four months.
In announcing the new issue. Sec
retary Mellon said no further' fi
nancing would be necessary until
March, which means the treasury
will be able to meet maturities in
cluding $407,000,000 of certificates
of indebtedness, $25,000,000 in sav
ings certificates and $118,000,000 in
circulation bonds of 1925. due Feb.
2 from the proceeds of the present
sale of bonds together with the tax
receipts of Dec. 18.
“Heat lightning" is the reflection
of thunderstorms too far distant to
be audible.
Two new pronouncements marked
the President’s discussion of for
eign affairs. One touched on re
duction of world armaments, and
the other had reference to the out
lawing of war.
“It has been and is my expecta
tion that we might hopefully ap
proach other great powers for fur
ther conference on this subject as
soon as the carring out of the pres
ent reparation plan as the estab
lished and settled policy of Europe
has created a favorable opportun
ity," 1 lie said with regard to arma
ment reduction. "But on account
of proposals which have already
been made by other governments
for a European conference, it will
he necessary to wait to see what
the outcome of their actions can be.
1 should not wish to propose or
have representatives attend a con
ference which would contemplate
commitments opposed to the freedom
cf action we desire to maintain un
impaired with respect to our purely
domestic policies."
Against War
Proposals to outlaw aggressive
warfare, the President asserted,
should be carefully studied and
sympathetically viewed.
Combining discussion of tax re*/,
vision with his statement on econ
omy the executive said that if Con
gress at this session kept within the
budget he had presented “it will
then be possible to have a moder
ate amount of tax reduction and all
the. tax reform that the Congress
may wish for during the next fis
cal year." He declared publication
of income tax payments to be “det
rimental to the public welfare and
bound to decrease public revenues,”
and urged the repeal of that section
of the revenue act.
Aside from his declarations rel
ative to economy and taxation, the
outstanding recommendations on do
mestic affairs made by the Pres
ident included:
Enactment of such legislative
remedies for agricultural ills as are
worked out by the recently-appoint
ed agricultural commission and ex
ertion of aII e forts "by government
activity and by private agencies to
restore and maintain agriculture to
a complete normal relationship with
other industries.”
Passage immediately of pending
legislation based on the report of
the Reclamation Fact Finding Com
mission "lor the proper relief of
those needing extension of time in
which to meet their payments on ir
rigated land, and for additional
amendments and reforms of our re
clamation laws.”
Amplification of those portions of
the Transportation ct contemplating
consolidation of railroads into larger
systems to promote more expeditious
action by "affording a period for
voluntary proposals to the commis
sion (Interstate Commerce Commis
sion) and in supplying governmental
pressure to secure action after the
expiration of such a period.”
Amending Rail Act
Amendment of the labor sections
of the Transportation Act so as to
embody a plan “which while retain
ing the practice of systematic col
lective bargaining witli conciliation
and voluntary arbitration of labor
differences, could also provide sim
plicity in relations and more direct
local responsibility of employes and
managers" and at the same time
recognize that the public “has a
right to be heard when there is
danger that the nation may suffer
great injury through interruption of
operations because of. labor dis
putes.”
Such action as will maintain “the
policy of constantly working toward
the full treaty strength of the navy.”
Enactment of legislation changing
the new immigration law so as to
make the administrative features “a
little more humane for the jSfarpoße
of permitting those already here a
greater latitude in securing admis
(Continued on page t)

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