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The Bismarck Tribune An Independent Newspaper THE BTATEB OLT~ST NEWSPAPER i (Established 1873) Published by the Bismarck Tribune Company. Bis -1 marck, N D.. and entered at the postoffice at Bismarck i M second class mail matter. [ George D. Mann President and Publisher | Subscription Rates Payable in Advance I Dally by carrier per year 11-20 Dally by mail, per year <lr Bismarck) 720 , Daily by mail, per year. (in state, outside Bismarck) 800 I Daily by mall, outside of North Dakota 8.00 Weekly by mail, in state, per year 1.00 Weekly by mail, in state, three years for 2.50 ! Weekly by mail, outside of North Dakota. per year l-*)0 Member Audit Bureau oi Circulation Member of The Asooclated Press The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for re publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this newspaper and also the local news of spontaneous origin published herein. All rights of republication of al' other matter herein are also reserved. Foreign Representatives SMALL. SPENCER & LEVINGS (Incorporated) Formerly G. Logan Payne Co CHICAGO NEW YORK BOSTON (Official City, State and County Newspaper) The German Revival Germans still have faith in “dcr Tag.” Lost in the tremendous disaster of war, they see it ahead in the ab sorbing energies of peace. That explains German resus citation from the crushing effects of the groat world conflict. Their Zeppelins circumnavigate the globe, their steamships create Atlantic records, they amaze the world in navigating sailing ships by mere motive power of revolving funnels, they glide through the air in motor less planes, and when they do not achieve some inventive marvel, they come so close to it as to merit the belief that they are on the way to solving the secret of ultimate accomplishment. There is no miracle about Germany's recovery from the prostration of Versailles. Germans always have worked hard and for perfection, and when these habits were freed from their absorption in militarism, the entire nation harnessed them to the achievement of supremacy in peace and industry. Some psychologists would trace this will to conquer to implantation in the time of Charle magne. When he seized the remnants of the Holy Ro man Empire and claimed it as his heritage, he imbedded In the German psyche, say these psychologists, this su premacy complex—the kultur of modern Germany. Astrologers have a formula which has been phrased in the terms that “one not a friend will bring you to the door of success.” That has been actually w r hat has hap pened in the case of Germany. When the Allies humil iated the reich and disarmed It, they not only satisfied their feelings for war vengeance, they brought Germany to the door of opportunity. In the days of Schiller and Goethe. Germany was su preme in the domain of the intellect. She was the home of poets and philosophers. Now she has attained dominance in Europe in the domain of Industry and in vention. England still grapples with the ills of the war and has a tremendous unemployment problem to deal with, while Germany treads the path of comparative prosperity, so much the more conspicuous from the fact that this has been attained after industrial and financial collapse that made of Germany's money a grotesque burlesque and of her manufacturing centers a series of soup houses. Germany simply has lived up to her opportunity. Stripped of the great military machine of the Hohen zollerns, the formidable strength of the Teuton was turned into industrial channels. Laboring long hours, amid starvation and revolution, inflation and deflation, the reich bent to the task of surmounting this maze of wreckage and ruin, plodding where England muddled and France scolded, until today Germany again is treading the path of what her people regard the destiny of a place in the sun. If this can be continued, obviously “dcr Tag” must some day become a reality. Overemphasis in College Football A good many thousand young college men arc living, talking and dreaming football these days. The life of a varsity player in one of the bigger schools la anything but a bed of roses. The pressure that cen ters on a football team is tremendous. There is a highly paid staff of coaches whose one desire is to produce a winner; there Is an eager band of influential alumni in the background with the same idea; and there is, in most cases, an expensive stadium which can only be paid for by big crowds, and which can only draw big crowds If its team wins its games. Hence the college football season, now getting under (way. is not at all what it was a matter of three or four decades ago, when students organized things themselves and made the game nothing more than an enjoyable de pository for such excess youthful energy as they might possess. The game nowadays Is a business. In many cases the football player resembles a professional athlete far more than a college student. This is the sort of thing people have in mind when they talk about “overemphasis.” That's ah expression you're going to hear this fall more than ever before, for the simple reason that the emphasis on football grows heavier each year. A great many college presidents are wishing, privately, that the game and the man who invented it were in Gehenna. But there's one thing about this “overemphasis” that’s Worth bearing in mind. Football, admittedly, is emphasized too heavily. But why? Because our college students are cold-blooded and mercenary, lacking the instincts of true sportsmen? Because our college authorities have forgotten that the chief business of a college is to provide young people with an education? Not at all. The game is overemphasized for the sim ple reason that it is an American game. Being an Amer ican game, it Is conducted in the American manner; that Is to say, it is conducted with a passionate intensity and ferocity that could be duplicated nowhere else on earth. In other words, overemphasis in college football de velops naturally from the American character. Ameri can colleges could no more help making football a major concern, with expensive coaches, monster stadiums and elaborate business organizations, than the sales manager for an industrial concern could help trying to make a letter record this year than last. We simply aren't built to handle our college sports the Way the English, for example, handle theirs. We're too latenee, too desperately in earnest, to take things easy. Tbp aggressive spirit that insists on dominating at all paste Is an essential part of the national spirit. Worrying about “overemphasis” doe 3 very little good, ft wouldn't be possible for us to handle our college foot baa in any other way. * gtame people get ahead, and some cannot resist the fmptetion to buy a thing that Is only one dollar down. ‘ Bba Ogit oure for zemitive feelings is a little leu petting Building Sites for Song Home builders and investors arc awaking to the fact that some desirable property can be acquired in Bismarck by buying up lots taken over by the county for delinquent taxes. Hardly a session oi the city commission passes without one or more bids being received on parcels of such land. Usually the bidders offer the total of the back taxes with the penalties for delinquency and the interest in cluded. If the bid seems reasonable, the city commission rec ommends the sale. The matter then passes to the board of county commissioners. If they accept the city rec ommendations. the lots arc sold to the bidders. It is then up to these to go into court and clear title, which may add another $l5O to the deal. The view of the city commissioners is that it is a profitable policy for the city to assent to these offers. When home builders obtain the tracts, not only is the land restored to the assessment and tax lists, but im provements that arc a benefit to the city and which provide increased income from taxes are attained. There is a considerable number of speculative lots on the delinquent tax lists, and the commissioners in exam ining the lists. Monday evening, found there some very desirable building sites. Some of them arc in platted additions in the path of building development at the present time, others are on the edge of the city, where there is plenty of air, open space and unhampered view to make the sites attractive. August Business Shows Big Gain Business history was written in August in the ninth federal reserve bank district, of which North Dakota Is a part. It was written in figures and dollar marks. It is estimated, for instance, that cash income from grain marketed in the reserve district during the month increased to more than 830,000,000, which is nearly three times the total in August, 1928. In Minneapolis, the daily average of business Increased 44 per cent over the same month of 1928, according to the federal reserve bank thcj;e. Early movement of grain under the stimulus of higher prices formed the combination that caused this general uptrend in cash income and volume of business. Frcbably a better indication, according to the bank, of the district increase in genera! business volume in August, as compared with the same month last year, is given by the debits to individual accounts at the smaller cities in the district. Eight wheat belt cities reported an increase of 6 per cent In business volume and four mixed farming cities reported an increase of 17 per cent. The country check clearings index was 4 per cent larger in August this year than in the same month a year ago. The Great Lakes Peril Compared with the oceans, the Great Lakes are puny bodies of water. Yet lake sailors will tell you that these inland seas can kick up terrifying storms, on occasion; and the recent loss of the steel freighter Andaste is abundant proof of the statement. The Andaste, a vessel of some 2000 tons, was on a short voyage,—just across Lake Michigan. Yet the storm that struck her was so violent that she went down with all hands, carrying her crew of 28 to the bottom while within a score of miles of land. The hazards that formerly attended lake sailing have been pretty well eliminated; yet the lakes still take their toll occasionally. The lake captain knows that it is never safe to relax his vigilance. Lake Michigan can be quite as dangerous as the Atlantic ocean. It’s His Turn to Laugh The life insurance salesman is the butt for a good many jibes and jokes. Some of them he deserves, most of them he does not; but anyhow’, it occurs to us that it is the life insurance salesman's turn to laugh now. A survey Just made by the Association of Life Insur ance Presidents show’s that life insurance in force in the United States passed beyond the 8100.000,000,000 mark this summer, with policyholders numbering more than 65,000.000. The amount of Insurance now in force is practically double what it was six years ago. Those figures are impressive. They speak volumes about the prosperity and the thrift of the average Amer ican—but they also speak volumes about the sales ability of the average life insurance salesman. A great many things in this world have started on a shoestring, including a bad day if the shoestring breaks. Beauty and brains seldom go together because both are seldom needed. Editorial Comment Everybody Will Agree to This (New York Times) Other parity agreements sadly needed: Between ordinary citizens’ annual income and some in dividual’s annual expenditure. Between what Mr. Hoover tells visitors at the white house and what visitors tell reporters immediately upon leaving the president. Between movie salaries as advertised and as actually paid. Between the 9,000.000 American farmers recorded in the United States census and the approximately 500,000,000 American farmers obtained by adding up ail the farm groups for whom all the “spokesmen” are engaged in speaking. Between the 500 greatest books of the century published since January 1 and the 500 greatest books of the century to be published before next January 1. Between the successful business man s qualifications as a manufacturer of self-oiling clothes-pins and his com petence to speak as an authority on every question of the day. including the authorship of Shakespeare's plays. Between standard time at Harbin, Manchuria, and day light saving time at New York tomorrow or yesterday, heaven knows which. Coming, the Sunflower Belt (M'nneapolls Tribune) Twenty years ago sunflowers on the average farm were grown in some obscure plat of ground as a sort of novelty. Little was known of their practical uses. Twenty years in the future they may become a crop as* valuable to the country to the north of the corn belt as is corn to the Illinois, lowa, Kansas and Nebraska farmer today. Scientific investigation of the pofslbilitles of the sun flower. linked with field research In Siberia, fixes the plant as one of the most valuable that can be grown on the farm. It is adapted to silage and it produces vegetable oils of the greatest value. No less a distinguished authority than Dr. John Lee Coulter, whose fine work as head of the North Dakota Agricultural college bulks large in the agricultural progress of the northwest, declares that the sunflower will become to all of northern North Dakota and Montana as valuable a cash crop as corn is in the corn belt today. He says, too, that It fits admirably into the new plan for agriculture proposing a reorganisation of production and marketing along the line* that scien tific research has shown will increase revenues. Dr. Coulter believes the time Is net far distant when the country will have a sunflower belt as well as a corn belt and that it will bring much added wealth to the northwest. The wheat belt is moving out of the northwest. But in its place Is coming crop production more varied and prof itable. In this scheme of things the soy bean, the sun flower, alfalfa and sweet clover will have an important part. In that day the steer that now goes to lowa and Illinois to be finished for the market, will be finished at home, slaughtered at home and marketed at home to much greater advantage than now. Scientific research Is doing mere today for the farm er than ever the politicians could. The prospective sun flower belt in the northwest is proof of that fact. THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 25, 1929 1 f ..m . t I ( OO66OM(TfTWIS BUSmRW \ HERE.'TAKE II « / I V HAS 60Nt TO vcexl ) BACK. THIS heart: | | | ttmaM • | QuMM, I WUtIWM CUMP.MW. —■ - DUSWESS FRFTTY DISCOURAGE —— a .a "7 v«\.\|T7 mm ffif IT weren't FOR. AH OCCASIONAL. BRIGHT PAY S/., I —TO CHEKA. 'THINGS UP A BIT/ JSm SUMNER George Bernard Shaw*, self-termed "expert on sex appeal," made the statement the other day that the only method of creating sex appeal is by clothes. “The voluptuous woman of the 19th century was a masterpiece of sex ap peal,” said the savant. “She was clothed from the crown of her head to the soles of her feet. It was amaz ing. Everything about her except her checks and her nose was a guilty se cret about which you had to guess. “Women have taken a large step toward nudity and sex appeal has vanished.” It seems to me George Bernard Shaw has slipped up on his premise, which is a pre-supposition that what is beauty or sex appeal to one gen eration may be the same to another. Shaw grew up in the Victorian age. his first romantic dreams were con cerned with one of the thoroughly upholstered ladies of that day. He probably still thinks of feminine beauty in terms of curves and of sex appeal as something w’hich creates a furtive guilty feeling. WWW STANDARDS OF “IT” Why should the young man of to day. brought up in the age of the flat chested, scantily clad, straightforward, boyish little flapper, have any ro mantic ideas about the “Diamond Lil" figure of the Klondike days? It seems to me just as natural for on? of today s youths to argue that no woman with a rigid corseted figure, rats in her hair, a bustle and an ar tificial manner could ever attract him in the least. This whole question of one gener ation's trying to set standards for another Is the same one that is at the basis of the old question, "Why chil dren leave home.” Whether it is ideas on locomotion, sex appeal, what constitutes a good dinner, or style in dress, the years bring such changed ideals that what was accepted as correct yesterday may be all wrong tomorrow. Therefore, it is only the rare oc casion when one generation can set standards for another. Even morals and religion change, proving that nothing in life is static and absolute. It is a brave person, therefore, who OUR BOARDING HOUSE mST quart ob GAsouUe vie *||i Bereft iorU back* to the * il BORROWED YUM DAT tfICE MAkl WrrtJ Jgl cttV TSXSOId ~ I DUST THoUOIT I? T»T ROADSTER, WILL TAKE US ABOUT oY SOME OlTlftß YRIEUDS* Vi YO* MILES DEaJ WtfErt UIESIbP, § tiOUSES l DlDkiT PASS .V Art'LL <3IT OUT AOAIU WIY TH’ * AUP I WAtfT VoU “lb v q CAU A*T BORRV AUOTtfER QUART [ } SOIUIP "THE REAL LOUP \ OB GAS YUM -nr YUST AUTO 1 i A \ Wrticrt COMES ALOJUG ! / J ( oUe tHiUg has -rb Be J CAREFUL 08, IS DAT WE ] > aSt A-jt, *OkK RUM SrtV OB GAS J f MKllf t "A FROUTOB A f VJ* J flU Miues AU . rioLW wMeiJ trx in-rug - Yes, Cupid Has His Moments! defines criteria for himself and then declares them universal. * * * FLYING CO-EDS New York University has opened a department of aviation for women. This is the first university that has met the growing demand on the part of women to learn to fly. It prob ably will be followed by similar uni versities. and before we know it, thousands of young daughters will be asking, “Mother, may I go out to fly?” The universal appeal of the air to youth is much written about. I find myself wondering why no one says much of the mother and father be hind each youngster who have put a couple of decades into loving and car ing for said youngster, only to see him or her rush to the air, and possible wreckage. Surely parents deserve a word of high praise for the way they have made themselves say "Hands off. My children have a right to live their own lives and even lose them, if they will." That children have such a right every rational person knows. But it seems to me that being a wise par ent today is much harder than in the early bicycle days, for instance. That there are so many wise parents abroad today indicates to me a growing universal belief in individual freedom that is bound to make big ger persons of folks. BARBS T ♦ Premier Ramsay MacDonald isn’t bringing any naval experts with him to Washington. He must want to find out a few things for sure. * * * A scientist in England has invented an automatic figure that writes its name. In this country figures like that arc in charge of boxers’ man agers. * * * The way health authorities are warring on w'eedz, pretty soon there won t be anything left to smoke. m m m A man was fined for kissing a girl in a New York subway. He certainly got away lucky. * * * The girls have a lot of latitude in the matter of dress, but don’t seem to employ much longitude. * * That oriental custom of removing the shoes before entering the house is finding favor in this country when friend husband returns home late at night after a hard day at the of* flee. In spite of prohibition, too. (Copyright, 1929. NEA Service, Inc.) parents YOUR VOICE (By Alice Jadson Peale) Your tone of voice is always- more significant than what you say; it is nearly as significant as what you do. Everybody who thinks for a moment knows that this is so and your child knows it long before he is able to think about it. Everyone agrees that children need to live in an atmosphere of serenity, cheerfulness and honesty—and voices more than the words they convey make or mar this atmosphere. Most of us look at ourselves in the mirror quite carefully, but few of us listen to our own voices with a critical ear. There are voices high pitched, nasal, and tense that wear out nerves not made of iron. There are voices so quick to take on tones of anger, irritation, and hopelessness that they ring ominously in childish ears. Listen to your voice and consider whether It is one to which, if you were a child, you could listen happily through all the waking hours of your day. The quality of one's voice deter mines to discerning people one’s social class. A harsh, high, loud and un modulated voice bespeaks to the cas ual bystander a person who Is A stranger to refinement. The child whose parent speaks thus takes over this apparent crudeness and puts himself at a social disadvantage. It is worth a little conscious effort to cultivate in yourself a pleasant speaking voice, for your child uncon sciously will acquire one through im itation. Check the expression of the mood that makes your voice ascend In the scale of the scold and the shrew. Don't permit in yourself the verbal dramatisation of petty disappoint ments and annoyances. Try, at least most of the time, to sound cheerful, friendly and relaxed. The first newspaper in'the north west of the "Sentinel of the North west.” founded in 1793 at Cincinnati by William Maxwell. By Ahem H£AUft*HET ADVICE Dr Frank McCoy . iOhammMdsmsxam. PREVENTING ASTHMA In yesterday's article. I pointed out the necessity with the young child of developing a strong chest, especially with those who are born with narrow, tight chests and poorly functioning breathing muscles. The development of a good breathing apparatus does not require any complicated exercises or treatments. Any exercise which will make the child breathe deeply will accomplish this purpose. Those children who are encouraged at an early age to play hard games which require deep breathing will of ten not need special kinds of breath ing exercises. In some cases it is dif ficult to get a nervous, sensitive, tight chested and mentally overdeveloped type of child to play hard games. Some do not seem to be tempera mentally suited for competitive games which require violent exertion, al though I believe that the “mental” type of child should be carefully coached Into becoming more athletic. It is always possible to force such a child to do deep breathing exercises. If such compulsory training is neces sary, a certain time can be set aside each day, perhaps just after school hours, when the mother or nurse in charge can put the child through a series of exercises which will induce deep breathing. If the child has no organic defect, one of the simplest ways to make him do deep breathing is to have him take a short run, sprinting as rapidly as possible. This forces hard breathing, and is bound to develop a flexible chest. For ex ample, have him run once around the block the first few days, and then have him gradually increase the dis tance and the speed of running so that such exertion always makes him breathe deeply. He should then be made to lie down and relax for a few minutes, continuing the deep breath ing which has been started from the exertion. This relaxation period should continue until breathing grad ually becomes normal. This manner of making a child breathe deeply Is perhaps more in teresting than systematic breathing exercises, but in some cases such reg ulated exercises are also necessary and sometimes the only ones which should be taken by those children who have any kind of organic heart dis order. Parents can buy any number of books on physical culture which will show how to take these breathing ex ercises. The object of all breathing exercises is to inhale and exhale to the fullest extent. To make these breathing exercises more Interesting It is often advisable to have the child do some light calisthenics at the same time. These should be done in different positions, such as when standing and when lying down. You will find that the breathing exercises can be used with almost any kind of calisthenics where the arms are brought from the sides of the body over the head, the air being forcibly inhaled when the arms are raised, and exhaled as the arms return to the sides. These arm exercises assist in On Sept. as. ISIS. Vasco Nunes de Balboa, a Spanish explorer, sighted the Pacific ocean, the first European to do so from American shores. Confused accounts of a great wes tern ocean which reached Balboa in the Darien territories, of which he was in supreme command. Impelled him to go In search of it In ISIS. On Bept 25. he obtained his ftnt view of the Pacific ocean from a mountain top in the Isthmus of Pan ama. Four days later, he readied the wa ter at a point which la still known by the name he gays it, the OuH of Miguel. He took formal pnesiwien for ni " >|w r tho ocean Mar del Bur. or South Sea, the coast at this point trending nearly east and west. The educated men of his tima shared his great enthusiasm at this great discovery and the contemporary writers may still be read with much Interest. Governorship of tho territories con quered by Balboa, and known as Darien, was obtained a short time later by Pedro Ariss (Pedrarlas) Devils, through intrigues at the Spanish court, sad Balboa resigned the command into the hands of the governor. Balboa was beheaded in 18IT after a dispute with Pedrarlas. f Our Yesterdays ] * FORTY YEARS AGO 4 E. I. Goodklnd went to St. Paul to meet Mrs. Qoodkind and children who have been east several months, and are now returning to Bismarck for the winter. Mrs. F. B. Titus, who has spent the past four months with friends and relatives at Beardstown, HI., re turned today. Col. A. M. Easterly returned from his trip to Montana yesterday and Is stopping In Bismarck to visit friends. Mannie Pye left yesterday for Port land, Ore., where he has scceptsd a position In the office of C. W. Thomp son. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO Judge and Mrs. w. H. Winchester left today for Buffalo, Mian., to visit their daughter Edna, who ttartm there. Miss Bessie Ryan goes to Valley City today where She will enter the state normal **•”** The vice-president's ai train, carrying Senator Charles W. Fair banks, Indiana, Senator J. P. Dolltver, lowa, Senator H. C. Hansborough of North Dakota, and many other prom inent men, stopped In for three hours today. Miss Ethel Barnes has gens to Ash ley to visit friends. TEN YEARS AGO Irving Mathys bad Albert Wad both of Wilton, win made raising the ribs upon inhalation and lowering them upon exhalation. Both the chest and diaphragmatic breath ing should be practiced. It is needless to say that such ex- * erclses are also good for the adult, and Dr. McCoy will gladly answer personal questions on health and diet addressed to him, care of The Tribune. Enclose a stamped addressed envelope for reply. the mother will do well to take the exercises with her child, but in this article I am especially urging such exercises for children in order to do- * velop a strong chest and through this make asthma and tuberculosis virtu ally impossible In the child's later . life. Tomorrow, "Dietary Treatment for Asthma.” QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Cold Baths Question: W. 8. asks: “Are cold baths every morning good for a per son?” Answer: Cold baths are very in vigorating and help to increase the blood’s circulation. Some people who are anemic or nervous cannot take real cold baths with benefit until they have practically recovered from their trouble. Good Combination Question: Housewife asks: “Arc * carrots, string beans and beets a good combination with meat and stewed fruit? If so. is it all right for me to have this combination regularly every day?” Answer: The combination you ar.k about is an excellent one. and can be used with benefit at least once a day. Vaccination Question: E. R. 8. writes: “I know several children who were vaccinated about a year ago. Their arms were not sore, and appeared to be en tirely well. The scar left an indention, as usual. Recently, the place has puffed up and formed a hard, knotty pone. The children also complain of their arms being sore. Please tell the public what causes this, and also the * remedy.” Answer: The remedy for such a condition as you describe is for the children to be put on a fairly Ion? fast, say, ten days or two weeks. This Is the only method I know of for get ting rid of such a deep-seated Infec tion. The experience of these chil dren Is very common, and comes from the infection from the streptoccus or staphylococcus bacteria, which are al ways present In the smallpox vaccine. Catarrh and Gargles Question: M. asks: “Do salt and soda make a good gargle for catarrh?” Answer: There is no gargle which can be said to be good for catarrh, a Remove the cause from INSIDE by changing your diet, and the catarrh on Rny of your mucous membranes will disappear. (Copyrigh, 1929, by The Bell Syndi cate, Inc.) members of the board of examiners of mine foremen. Red Holmboe left today for Fort Yates where he will spend a week taking pictures of noted Indians. F. W. Cathro, director general of the Bank of North Dakota, left today for St. Louis to attend a bankers’ con vention. m Mr. and Mrs. Claude L. McCoy anc daughter Elizabeth, have returned t from Flandreau, 8. D., where they spent a short vacation with relatives “Looking back provides the soul with fragrant memories. But look ing forward-looking forward eagerly —paves the way for achievement.”— Margaret E. Sangster. (Smart Bet.) BAA “Bobbed hair has countless ad- t vantages. I find, and my only regret la that I didn’t decide to have mine bobbed sooner."—Judge Florence E. Allen, Ohio Supreme Court. AAA “Women haw taken a large step toward nudity and sex appeal has vAnished.”—George Bernard Bhaw. “The art of* salesmanship can be stated in five words: believing some thing and convincing others.”—Wil liam WMgley, Jr. (American Maga rine.) AAA “We are always harking back to the 'good old days.’ but we fall to think * of the bad which was mixed with the good.”—Rev. Malcolm J. McLeod. <v AAA f “A bureaucrat is one who has no soul to be and no body to be kicked.”—Stanley Baldwin. Russia was tho first country in the world to use wood for paving streets. RAPPEB.FAMjy Says= Tfci haughty girl of the olden days wua a miss of Kmm ego.