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The Weather ESTABLISHED 1878 Voters Crowding Illinois Polls Minnesota Backs North Dakota in Bate Case HUH COURT FOR PERNSSION TO INTERVENE IN FIGHT Claim U. S. District Court Had No Right to Grant ln|uno %* tfon Against Tariffs; BATES NOW BEFORE I. C. C. £eale With Fixing off Intrastate * Duties Substantially 10 per Cent Lower St. Paul, April B.—cSV-An applica tion has been filed by the state of Minnesota with the United States su preme court for permission to Inter vene in support of the state of North Dakota which Is fighting an order of the federal district court granting an Injunction restraining the North Da kota railroad and warehouse commis sion from fixing a scale of Intrastate class rates. This was announced today by at torney General Henry N. Benson of Minnesota, who said John P. Bonner, assistant attorney general, will ap pear before the United States su preme court In support of the motion for leave to intervene. Mr. Bonner will go to Washington to present ar guments before the court during the week of April 14. “The question Is of Paramount im portance to the state regulatory bodies throughout the country,” Mr. Benwm said. ■ The question Involved Is whether a United States district court, sitting in equity, has the right to suspend operation of an order of the board of railroad and warehouse commission ers of the state of North Dakota fix ing a scale of intrastate class rates on the ground that the validity of such class rates Is now before the Interstate commerce commission. Ask Intervention Permission Intervention In the case is asked by the Minnesota railroad and ware house commission through the attor vene as an “amicus curiae” in support of North Dakota on the ground that the United States district court has (Continued on page nine) TELEVISION THEATRE EXPERIMENTS MAW Sight ajid Sound Synchronized and Broadcast From First Stage of Ita Kind Jersey City, N. J., April Possibilities of Television are being demonstrated here this week in the actual broadcasts of sight and sound. The first of six programs, in which the heads and shoulders of entertain . ers and speakers could be seeninspe * cial receivers as they appeared before the microphone, was presented last night from what has been described as America’s introductory Television theater. . . Separate transmitters are used to send out the Television and the sound sections of the presentaUoM. with in dividual receivers required to bring in both parts of the programs. Synch ronization thus is merely a matter of operating two seta, one a, short wave for the Television signals, and the other a broadcast receive for the voice The demonstrations are under the auspices of the Jersey City Chamber of Commerce. Reception of the Tslevisiwsijmals on the first night was not ail thathad hoped for by the engineers. Most of the time it was toxecog nlae the persons facing the Tdevtston camera, although occasionally fair pictures were reproduced. Once brought in. the picture beldstesdy. with not a great amount of flicker. At one of the reception points, a pronounced shadow was noticed, which engineers explained was Ale to the fact that the best type of lighting system was not employed at the transmitter. There ihapereon to be televised was placed Mon the radio camera and bathed Ab Ughks com ing from a source supplying**)© i»wsii> power. tortempM on such a large scale in ■►tea. Eckener Removal as Zep's Captain Deni MtddeMulU. Q«nn»n». APfU »■ (J)-Bycrt» aan BTMU Uat Pr. tfnm Eckener hid bean removed uSScSSSSI of the giant dirigible Graf Zeppelin (or* her coming Bra silian flight vm denied hj Captain Ernst Tc**" 1 *"" at the Zeppelin works today. STUDENT IIIXED IN MOT , |i>«Mh>i. April A" 4JP) ToMot of the international/Settlement here shot ud killed one student and wounded f«y»feh*r today during a gtndent dem onstration. allegedly the outgrowth of recent similar oocurrenecs at Nan- VoUoe Not squads were held in Sot in the event of further jbVA THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE HOOVER LAUDS DOCTOR WELCH, DEAN OF AMERICAN MEDICINE , Hoover Lauda Him j President Hoover led distinguished Americans who expressed the grati tude of the nation to Dr. William H. Welch, above, of Johns Hopkins Uni versity, regarded as the founder of the modern system of pathology in this country at a meeting celebrating his 80th birthday today. LEGGE SAYS WHEAT GLUT ‘CLEARWG UP’ ‘Overloaded’ Crain Stabilisation Corporation Gotting Rid of Stored Volume Washington, April B.—(/P)—Chair man Legge of the farm board believes the wheat situation was “clearing up.” He said the grain stabilisation cor poration had been; a “little over loaded” on May futures bought at Chicago but some qf them had lwen traded for . wheat op other positions and a small quantity ***• n t wheat in mlUenTSSflte Chatman said the board was confident of the cooperation of the millers in Its ef forts to stabilise the market. “Any measure of stabilisation Is ad vantageous to the processor of wheat,” he said. “The millers know they have nothing to gain by a wildly fluctuating market.” Reports received from the north west, Legge said yesterday. Indicate the spring wheat acreage reduction campaign of the board Is continuing to make headway. He said that while the exact percentage of the reduction in planting cannot be ascertained at this time, there was a general dis position on the pkrt of fanners to cooperate In this movement for better prices. CHARGE FIVE DEATHS MARYLAND GALES Baltimore, April B—<*■>—Five deaths were charged today to the swift wind and rain storm which cut a path across Maryland yesterday. Three negro oyster tongera were re ported drowned as the storm strode their motorboat in Chesapeake bey. Two negro stevedores were-drowned in Baltimore. Six women were hurt when a plateglass window blew out where they had sought shelter in the vestibule of an of floe building. • * BROKEN PROPELLER IS FATAL TO FLYER South Bend, Ind, April A—iff)—A broken propeller blade and the added weight of an airplane motor he was ♦.wny to the all-American Aircraft show in Detroit was believed to have caused the crash of a light monoplane in which Samuel B. Lambert, president of the Lambert Aircraft Engine com pany of Moline, 111., was killed here late yesterday. DUCHESS BEAKS DAUGHTER Naples, Italy, April A—<*y-The Duches of Apulia, who was born Ftinoess Anne of France yesterday gave birth to a daughter In Oyodi monte paleee, the residence of her father-in-law, the Duke of Aosta. Marian, Mrs. Hoover's Cavalry Horse, Has Finicky Appetite, Likes Red Apples Washington. them* * ZiJTISKLZi Si Herbert Hoover rewinds her Quaker jSSt mSsd eS SsS?Sffa guy cavalry Hossa an jSSSSiSim Scatter. She apple after every canter them spring rides for about an hour and is usually days. eoooßWMdsd by a party;, ef several Marlaa has decided tastes and Mra per** sSir ss £% her apples red Instead of yellow. The Duckworth ut always whh her. wife either breeks tha MSrtan was brought to a Weshingtoo two or takes a Mte fronsit fromthe cavalry ad** at Mrt RU*. eadthen gins it to Marian. She Is onr sevsnysars old. wan- Though she has not ridden much in geltod. with enough and spirit, l reosnt years Mra Bognr rides wtth but stoady. Calls Johns Hopkins Man ‘Great est Statssman In Field of Public Health’ JOINS IN WORLD’S TRIBUTE ‘Seized Opportunities to Direct Research to Service off Humankind' Washington, April 8—(A 5 ) —President Hoover today characterized Dr. Wil- liam Henry Welch as “our greatest statesman In the field of public health” at the Washington exercises of the international celebration mark ing the 80th birthday of the Balti more pathologist. The dean of American medicine, who now holds the chair of history of medicine at Johns Hopkins, was hon ored In many parts of the world to day, 89 other cities reported joining with the nation’s capital In tribute. In a radio address broadcast over a national hook-up President Hoover said the present age Is marked by two tendencies, “the democratic and the scientific.” “In Dr. Welch and his work,” Mr. Hoover continued, “we find an ex pression in the test in both tenden cies. He not only represents the spir it of pure science but constantly sees and sniff opportunities to direct its results Into service of humankind.” After sketching the history of med icine, President Hoover emphasised the value of research work and laud ed the activities of the pathologist In this directum. “As a research worker in pure science,” he said of Dr. Welch, “he has made original and valuable dis coveries. As a technologist he has devised practical methods of applying pure science. As a teacher he has spread true knowledge and Inspira tion among thousands, but In organ ising and directing research and ap plication of medical knowledge on a | wider field of prevention of disease he Is among the preeminent few who de serve the title of statesman.” Oondudlag, Pfteldeu* Hoovsr said he wished to express “the aHertlon of our countrymen and the esteem of his SSfSpStoSvery country when I convey to him their wishes for many years of continued happiness.” DAPSON ELECTED gld. A. PRESIDENT Conklin, Rutaell, Connolly, Tol loffaorl, Slope Mon on Di rectors' Board Fargo, N. D., April A—iff)—For the fifth consecutive year C. E. Danielson has been elected president of the Greater North Dakotaassociation. The Minot man was elected, to gether with other officers, at the or ganisation's quarterly meeting yes terday. Otberofflcers, re-elected, are: Her man Stem, Valley City, R. R. Wolfer. Jamestown, L. W. Miller. Harvey, and Thomas E. Whelan, St Thomas, all vice presidents. Stanley Washburn wee named a vice president and national councillor; Fred A. Irish, Fargo. **•*" urer; end M. J. Connolly, New Eng land, a member of the executive com mittee. B. E. Groom was elected chairman of the agricultural committee, end Jamas 8. Mllloy executlye secretary. M. H. Oppegard. pubUaher of the Grand Forks .Herald, sucoeeds W. P. Davies, Orand Forks, as » director, and P. M. Shefveland, Van Hook,Jol lows Fred F. Bergman. WUUston. Other directors are: T. A. Touenon, Dfeklnaon; F. D. McCartney, Oakes; ftedToonklln.Bismarck; H.S.Rus ■ell, Mandan; Howard Maher, Devils She ; and A. D. Xrtnsvaag. Bottineau. Engineers Union May Include Plane Pilots Vancouver, B. 0., April A—<JV-R* W. King, «* Oakland. OaUf., aeere tary-treasurer of the Western union of Brotherhood "Of Locomotive En gineers today dlecloeed that the or ganisation Is considering inclusion to Its ranks of commercial aviaton pilots. The subject he said, will be brought forward for definite at the Internaflcoed triennial contention of Sal brotherhood which opens at Cleveland, Ohio, June A* « , BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, TUESDAY, APRIL 8,1980 Kansas Coeds Star in Classic Dances Just a couple of University of Kansas coeds staging a startling dance fantasy are two girls. The “strong man” is Louise Allen of Topeka, president of the Tau Sigma honorary dancing sorority, who holds’ Dorothy Jane Bradshaw of Tulsa, Okie., a member. Both girls are sophomores. Nye Charges Post Office Building Lease Scandals I Invalid Wheels Self To Suicide in Ocean Long Beach, Calif., April B.—<fl*) William O’Brien, traveled 18 miles In his wheel chair to find death. O’Brien, bom in Canada 55 years ggo, had been a resident of the Los Angeles county farm at Hondo for 15 years. He could not walk, but was able to push himself about in his chair. Yesterday he was missed at the farm, but too late to stop his strange pilgrimage. His journey was traced to Long Beach, through this dty, and to an ocean pier. v A fisherman saw the final stage of the trip down the pier. When O'Brien did not reappear, he investigated and found the chair empty. The body has not been recovered. MERCURY CLIMBS TO 100 DEGREES IN DIXIE Dalles. Tex., April B.—(Jf)—Mid summer temperatures have come to Texes In April. Sweltering weather was reported from all parts of the state yesterday. An ofifeal reading of 100 degrees was recorded at Wichita Fells. An unofficial mark of 106 degrees was set at Vernon. At San Antonio the mercury reached 98 degrees. Fort Worth reported 87 degrees. Charged With Murder Three Men Face Trial Leads. Colo., April B—(AV-Charged with the murder of Sheriff E. A. Hick man of Eads, three men, who have ooofemed the slaying and the robbery of the State Bank of Mentor, Kan . today were scheduled to go on trial here for their lives. Hickman was Slain during the flight of the trio following the bank rob bery March 14.. The prisoners. John Welker. Clyde Bey and Andrew Halli day, were arrested by members of a posse, Grand Forks Aviator Injured in Nose-Over Grand Dorks. N. D.. April A-(gJ- George Lowers, local pilot, suffered a slight shoulder injury hem Sunday when hie plane noeed oyw* into the mud as he attempted to take off with a load of pemtMers for Detroit. Midi. No one wee injured except Lowers. The soft condlflonof the end of the runway was Mimed by air port officials for fUluro of the ship to leave the ground. Depth Bomb Blast on Destroyer Kuls Four Hongkong, April A—(FMEour of the crew of the British destroyer Se poy were killed today when a depth bomb aboard the vessel exploded. Two* seamen warn injured seriously aqd ona slightly. Corruption Costing Govornmen Millions Annually, North BLAINE CALLS FOR PROBE U. S. and Public Being Duped, Says Nye; Condition Cover* * All Administration* Washington, April B.—<ff>—Scandals in the leases of postoffice buildings throughout the country, said to be costing the goyernment millions an nually, were charged by Senator Nye, Republican. North Dakota, in a speech today in the senate assailing the St. Paul commercial station lease. Senator Blaine, Republican, Wis consin, offered a resolution calling for a senate investigation of the postof fice leases. His resolution charged that "fraud, misrepresentation and corruption” had entered into the ne gotiations for the leases. Senator Nye called upon the senate to adhere to a provision in the house appropriation bill for the pOstofflee department which struck out the $190,000 fund for rental of the St. Paul commercial office. On Par With Teapot * "The story at St. Paul smells to high heaven,” Nye told the senate. “If all other postoffice building leases ere,on a par with that at St. Paul, the situation is gotten and unconscionable. It is a story that possibly rivals the Teapot Dome and other naval oil re serve lessee. *T remember * Mr. Fisher who wee investigator for the senate lands com mittee who told me frequently that if congress would go into the postaf• floe leasee it would uproot a scandal that has fastened Itself upon the gov ernment over a period of adminis trations. Mr. fisher died suddenly about two years ago and under cir cumstances which some people lieved very suspicious.” > Senator Nye said that In 1890 the government entered into a contract, without opening bidding, for the con struction of a substation in St. Peal. The contract provided that the gov ernment would rent the building for 90 yean at an annual rental of $190,- 778. Ada ApprsgrisHsn Cat In ». letter read to the senate by Senator Phipps, Republican, Colorado, Postmaster General Brown today sug gested that the senate eat dorm tbs appropriation for rentals for posfcof fice bufldings by SBO,OOO. He estimat ed this sum of SOO,OOO oould be saved in the rental of another building at St FanL flmatrr Phipps said the St Paul lease was now before the courts. Both he and the postmaster general urged that congress could not taka notion aa war dens by the house, to oancd the lease while * was before the Mart Senator Nye fnrhtsii the *fe unUon catenas at .St laid was appu to othir ettise. • • tSWnmant and the pub lie are betas duped,” he aseerted, pleading for *;«■s*• investigation. “iTdossnot he at the door of any one adndahtratlon but covers them all.” T • • *• 4 < - A • * % >' . '/ • Dakotan Declares • y U.S. COURT FACING RECORD SESSION; 50 DRY CASES BOR IIP Defendants In Liquor Violation Actions Mostly Plead Not Guilty f ■ % CIVIL SUIT DOCKET IS SET Several Notable Suita and Crim inal Trials Listed for Rost of Wook Federal district court opened what promised to be a record term for Bis marck sittings, at 10 o’clock this morning. Predictions were made about the corridors by lawyers that a 30-day session was ahead for Judge Andrew Miller and his staff. All the lawyers in the state and some from Montana seemed to be on hand, certainly all comers of the commonwealth were represented. The federal district attorney’s staff here includes Peter Garberg, Usher L. Bur dick and George Thorpe, with Mrs. Frank Talcott and Ella O’Keefe, clerks. The court clerks on hand are J. A. Montgomery, chief, and Frank Talcott, deputy. Others are U. 8. Marshal O. Gunvaldsen, with deputies Hector Barnes and Howard Btrack and Olive Usher, secretary. Agnes McMichael Is stenographer and secre tary to Judge Miller. • Liqaer Came With Potato The forenoon session today was de voted to calling the calendar and set ting cases, after which 50 defendants on liquor law violation charges were called Individually and In groups be fore the bar and arraigned. Mo6t of these pleaded ‘not guilty, but a few entered pleas of guilt. They were di rected to appear again this afternoon or tomorrow morning, when further disposition of their cases will be made. One of the cases Is the Thomas As brldge case, involving seizure of a big still at Leith last summer. live de fendants faced the judge In this case and are to appear again Wednesday morning. Two of the liquor cases promise to be Interesting from the legal stand point, as J. M. Hanley, of Mandan, counsel for the defendants, moved for suppression of the evidence In the cases of James King End of John and Louis Seldl. Jarors Get Afternoon Off At the opening of court the list of jurors was called. Nearly all were present. Four asked to be excused, (Continued on page nine) COURTENAY FARMER SEEKS S6OO REWARD Robert Walker Claims State Offer for Giving Information in Murder and Robbery Robert Walker, farmer living near Courtenay, today filed application with Governor George P. Shafer for the SSOO reward offered by the state for Information leading to the arrest and conviction of the slayer of Elmer Bunkowske, a clerk In the First Na tional Bank of Courtenay. It was Walker who first suggested to the authorities that N. J. Mead might be guilty and it was by follow ing this “tip” that evidence against Mead was piled up and his confession obtained. Mead now is serving a life sentence in the state penitentiary. I In support of his claim for the re ward Walker refers the governor to State's Attorney R. D. Chase, Assist ant State's Attorney H. B. Rittgers, and Sheriff K. B. Spanton of Stuts man county: Gunder Osjord, state su- I perintendent of criminal identifica tion, and R. J. Hlnck, detective em | ployed by the state bankers' associa- tion. Governor Shafer said he would the application under advise ment to see if any more claims are tiled and that he probably will confer with Stutsman county authorities Be fore paying the reward. Three Pilots Killed In Plane’s Collision Athens, April «.-(F)-Three avi ators nere killed and one injured at the IMot airdrome today in a col lision of two planes shortly after their takeoff. Both pianos Here destroyed. Parents Eating Children in China a» SOOO,OOO PeriA During Winter Famine Mptap. Ohio., April *-«*■«•* tat. >ntt« mb potto twotood bf the OUaa mtanw- JjSJJPjJ’lJlJKg' JoZ'wSmt S£ «**•> Mtot rnmtiUtoiw mr Umt m JSTto MW OhST«■ kt ooUMMr taottoto tan totolnt condlHono kt- tookikokktnto w—totopotMlMto «0M in the Wei riw diatriet that whan tha IMrina hajaa. Tha t mm in aaaa caaaa parants haw* eataa at tha paat Mater oan aaaw ha 4a «n»> children. earthed. Za tha aaan lWhi .th* V. O. Phrnfra, mlMooanr. wriitaf Met ihaa thaw lawa hath dtMO* Snw£ tS& toS B&SS ftndtor Andrew, Uireliii inapeo tareid. Mrs. Dace A resemblance to II Duoe himself may be noted In this rare portrait of Sig nora Mussolini, wife of the Italian Premier. Bbi gldom poses foe the CONFESSED SLAYER OF ME PERSONS HASUFE SENTENCE Speedy Justice Meted Out fo Negro Who Killed Girt, Boy end Another Negro St. Paul, April B.— <**)—Doubt that Andy Mann, negro torture slayer, killed Dorothy Aune, 12-year-old Minneapolis girl, despite his signed confession that he committed the crime last August, was expressed to* day by police of the Twin Cities* Although St. Paul police indicated yesterday that they believed the negro's story had solved the murder of the child, an additional checkup today led authorities of both cities to Join in the conclusion that the con fession probably was a fabrication. To Investigate Story Floyd Olsen, Hennepin county at torney, sold, however, that police of both cities had not completed a check of Mann’s story and that they will investigate it completely before reaching a final conclusion that the confession probably was a fabrica tion. Olsen said Mann also will be Questioned about the slaying of Pearl Osten In m l ""**!* l * l * in October, 1927. Wide discrepancies were found in Mann's story of the Anne slaying, police said, although they admitted of the details which he recited were correct. They said, however, that they obtained information today that a former employer of Mann had read to him newspaper accounts of the slaying. CountyAttoraey Olsen said hewlll interview Mann in a few days at Still water penitentiary to which the 48- year-old negro was sentenced for life yesterday after he had pleaded guilty to killing Bari Tague, 16, here last Vtlday. In court Mann wore a pair of shoes he had taken from Tague and he also carried the youth’s cap. He answered questions freely and only once did he show any semblance of concern. After he had been sentenced he asked the court: “Will I haveeto answer for the murder of the girl in Minneapolis also?" “Your sentence is for life and you cannot get an additional sentence," the court answered. That seemed to please the negro and he was led away to begin the trip to the penitentiary. MOTffiß STRANGLER HMFORBRUTAUTY April A—iffV - Within less than three weeks after his conviction of the murder of Ms mother, Sidney Fox wee hanged in Jeil here this morning. Fox strangled his mother, as she ley in bed at their hotel at Margate last autumn, and then set the room afire. The son previously Insured her life for con siderable sums. MINOT MAN IS SUICID* Minot, N. D., April A—<F>—Pas quale, Fordo, it. uewsmper vewtor hare for naariy a yarn. Abo* and killed himself. Be had been 10. J?drtKlfeEdfr , « < W©dne*Uy doudjMwS «S6f* PRICE FIVE CBN DOTHCOMffi RIVALRY DRAWING 1,900,000 BALLOTS Bombing and Attempted Kid naping Start Hectie Day in Chieago Voting Booths ELLER APPEALS FOR HELP Af Capone’* Brother Reported .Using 100 Henchmen to Owing Village Election Chicago. April B.—(/P>—Upwards of 1,500,000 voters in 103 Illinois ooun tles today cast ballots in the lint major primary election of 1910. Bitter rivalry for the Republican nomination for United States sena tor between Mrs. Ruth Hanna Mc- Cormick and Senator Charles Deneen, for local offices and fair spring weather combined to draw the voter* to the booths. In Chicago 1,297,000 were registered, and 800,000 were ex pected to mark their ballots for their Republican or Democratic prefer ences, with nominations for the Unit ed States senate, congress, state trea surer and general assembly, county offices, sanitary district and munici pal court judges at stake. At 10 a. m. the election rmiimlartmi here reported 300,000 ballots had been cast. Bombiaff Starts Day A bombing Attributed to politics! rivalry and the attempted of Alderman Sheldon M. Gorier, can didate for Democratic ward commit teeman, started the day in Ghicno. Hundreds of armed guards nan dis patched to the danger note to pgg vent a recurrence at the ISM primary, when Octavius Oranady, negro can didate for ward committeeman, was Morris Eller, city collector and bop of the twentieth ward, was one of the first to appeal for help today, chart ing that state’s attorney’s operatives were cruising through his district in timidating negro voters, and trying to *bteaT* his election. Eller opposed Granady two years ago and today was opposed by ’’Buddy” Jacobson, his farmer henchman, with whom he •was Indicted in int for conspiracy in the election disorders. False Alarms FteqaenT ‘ Detective squads wre kept on the alert with frequent alarms most of which proved false. Three husky Ital ians lured a policeman from one vot ing place and then attacked a pugilist who was watching the vote. The as sailants used a blackjack, revolver and fists. One vigilant watcher telephoned the election commission that ballot boxes were being stuffed. The detec- (Continued on pace nine) BURLEIGH EUG6LE TO SEED LOAN FUND Majority of Slop* Counties In cluded in Area Chosen by Fisher at Needy Grand Forks, N. D., April a— <m— Twenty-six North Dakota counties are included in the tentative Hat of the area eligible to secure loans from the seed loan fund of the federal gov ernment, according to O. 8. Fisher in charge of the farmers' seed loan of fice in Grand Forks. The list includes La Moure. Logan. Emmons, Barnes, Stutsman, Kidder. Burleigh, Grins. Foster. Bddy. Walls, Bheridan, McLean, Nelson, Ramsay. Benson. Pierce, Cavalier, Towner, _ Southern Mountrail, northwest Dl- f vide, Oliver, Mercer, Dunn And por tions of Morton and Grant. It is not expected any loans will be made in the Bod River valtay. Mar stated. In some of the Bspnhas named a considerable portion wB bi excluded because of crop yields last year. ! jeans Out Window to Look at Thermometer, > Plunges to His Death i Chicago, April a—<*■>—Eugene Hol lins, ST, leaned out a aeeond-floar window to read the thermoaaetor. Be fell, and died last night France Will Hesitate To Sign Naval Treat? , ru«. era »■—on pwawyiw were heard In rasponslbia chelae to day that the flvo-poww naval ass* faience at London would have Aden 4% principal anonmpHshment a three- $ power. brnHallnn eooosd le WH J France and Rely later can adhme. j Today m] tiliHdsßrtaad. Fjejlh j Sen were dear tndtnatlmwS | France would hsritate ta rigna *mdf J which would leave Ifeahr oMfMa HI i place Italy, ndgldisrte IhpiisMiNpJ lIM OttlMT jpOWWBts : : Jj proasinwA i ' pSSSr'of AlJt I ’ .'4- ■" . £ ' ' ■r.