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I About $3,500,000,000 Spent Yearly on Public Works in United States ECONOMIC SURVEY PUTS N,D. IN PAVING ANDSCHOOLS GROUP Chief Items In Improvement Ex- penditures Are Roads and Educational Plants DATA FOR HOOVER’S PLAN President Had Information Col lected for Conference on Unemployment North Dakota is named in a sur vey on national construction recent ly made public in Washington by the committee on recent economic changes of the president’s confer ence on unemployment as one of a group of neighboring states where street paving and road building were the main item of public works con tracts awardeiUduring the past 11 years. School building stood second. Within the area comprising Min nesota, North Dakota, South Dakota and Northern Michigan, out of con tracts for all public improvements ' aggregating $383,976,000 in the years 1919 to 1929 inclusive, the street paving and road building item amounted to $134,193,000, while school construction was valued at $113,708,836. The school building item included, however, private edu cational construction. Data for Stabilization Planning The survey was begun in July of last year at the suggestion of Presi dent Hoover for the purpose of ap praising public construction activi ties throughout the country as a fac tor in stabilizing business. The sur vey and an interpretative report signed by the committee on recent economic changes have been pub lished together by the National Bureau of Economic Research under the title “Planning and Control of Public Works.” The survey was prepared by Dr. Leo Wolman, of the National bureau’s research staff, with the assistance of the U. S. De partment of Commerce. The F. W. Dodge corporation furnished the sta tistics pertaining to public works contracts in the area in question. Roads and schools formed the bulk of construction in the area for the period in question, the survey shows, less than 32 per cent of the contracts for all public improvements being represented by hospitals and institu tions, public buildings other than schools, waterfront developments, bridges, sewerage, lighting and water supply systems. Hospitals in 32 P. C. Group Contracts for hospitals and Insti tutions in Minnesota, North and South Dakota and northern Michigan amounted to $33,032,000; for bridges $28,290,000; for waterfront develop ments, $21,462,000; for sewerage sys tems, $18,703,000; for public build ings, $16,782,000; for water supply, $11,699,000, and for lighting, $3,- 677,000. Street paving and road construc tion was the leading item, and school building second in three other areas covered by the Dodge corporation statistics for the 11-year period, the district comprising Illinois. Indiana, lowa, Wisconsin, South Michigan, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska, another district compris ing Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky and western Pennsylvania, and in a third district comprising eastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey. Maryland, Delaware, District of Columbia and Virginia. School building, public and private, was in the lead on the other hand in two areas, # a section comprising New York state and northern New Jersey and another comprising the New England states. About $3,600,000,000 annually is now spent on public works through out the United States, or from 35 to 40 per cent of the total of all con struction. and the trend is rising, the survey shows. 1 PEOPLE’S FORUM* ♦ * Editor of Hie Tribune: We note with profound regrets that another of the best of your city, has been called to his reward by accident. It appears too, that this accident was caused by loose gravel Of all of the known enemies to the driver of cars, tone gravel, in my estimation, is the worst. Despite that fact, it seems that the attitude of the builders and main tainers of all highways in this state is, that in order to have a good and sufficient highway, the gravel on its surface, must be kept in a continual state of activity. It is pulled from the middle of the road today, and to morrow it is pulled back to the cen ter. If this gravel-under these cir cumstances—was ever to become hard and fixed, it would have to be as tenacious as glue, and have all of the adhesive properties of a porous plaster. Another regretable thing about these highways is this: it seems that the highway department of this state has conceived the idea—and we don’t know where they got it—that in order to have good roads, there must be gutters cut in it each day, by the biader; so that when one drives over It, they get all the sensations that one would in riding a rough sea. When the writer has the audacity to raise this question, he is told that the biader does not make these gutters, hut that the high-power automobile Goes. Now if any sane man, can pro duce any theory that will convince another one of compos mentis that a car fpoing west, will cut a gutter north and south across the highway, and can produce any evidence to that effect, then I will concede that I am Just a little off in my upper story. Well, we lay no claim to Inf suabil ity. and we may be off: but if we are. there Is a way to prove it beyond cavil, and that is to Just keep these Mas off the roads for one week, ft* lead would became absolutely un fit for travel in one week; and that tv 'Would be long enough to determine m * When Fur Flew at Chicago The senate committee (above), at Chicago, investigated the primary expenses of Ruth Hanna McCormick, senatorial candidate. Left to right: Senators Patterson, Nye and Dill. Mrs. McCormick is shown below as she appeared at the hearing with her counsel, Including Oscar Carlstrom (left), Illinois attorney general. EDRIDGE ARTICLE No. 5 By WM. E. McKENNEY Secretary American Bridge League Clever defense prevents the declarer from making what appears to be an easy three no trump. T NORTH S—A-6 < WEST H—lo-6-5 east S—7-4 g-JUt 3 ' 2 S-K-i- K—K-9* C-Q-93 10-5-2 7-4 1 H—J-2 O—A-J-7 D—K-19 C-A-K- 9 4-2 SOUTH—DEALER C—J-KK S—Q-9-8-3 7 H—A-O-8-3 0-6-4 C-frfcß •• The Bidding At contract, South, the dealer, holding less than two and one-half tricks, should pass. While some play ers with the West holding prefer no trump at auction, it is better to bid the hand one club at contract. With a biddable four-card suit, no trump should not be bid on the first round. North passes, East responds with two spades, South passes and West now goes to two no trump which East carries to three no trump. The Play The correct opening of North is-the three of diamonds, the fourth best of his longest and strongest suit, which dummy wins with the nine spot, de clarer playing the seven. Declarer now leads the jack of who is crazy, and at the same time save a few thousand dollars to the taxpayers. Why not try it once and be convinced? Now if it is conceded—and we be- Ueve it is—that loose gravel is the worst enemy and the greatest hazard confronting the driver of cars today, why not let it become settled once, and save a few lives? As it is, it stands about as much chance of be coming settled as does a crow that is OUTOUK WAY clubs from dummy, playing the deuce in his own hand, North winning the trick with the queen. North should now play the deuce of to show his partner that he has five diamonds, dummy plays the ten, South the six and the de clarer overtakes with the ace of dia monds, creating an extra entry in dummy if needed. Declarer’s next lead is the seven of spades, attempting to establish the spade suit. North plays the six, the ten Is finessed from dummy,‘which South wins with the queen. Here is where South must do his planning. If declarer, holds the king, ten and nine of hearts, he cannot see any way to prevent game. His only chance Is to find the ten of hearts in his partner’s hand. If he leads a small heart, declarer wll play the nine, forcing the ten from his part ner’s hand and win In the dummy with the jack. The correct play is to lead the ace of hearts. Declarer follows with the four, North the five and dummy the deuce, v. South now leads the queen of hearts, declarer wins with the king, North following with the six and dummy the jack. It is now impos sible for the declarer to stop North from winning two more tricks the ace of spades and the ten of hearts, which of course stops game. As neither side were vulnerable, the declarer scores minus 50 on the hand, North and South are plus 50. (Copyright, 1930, NBA Service, Inc.) being shot at by every farmer in the country. Yours truly, j. n. McCarter, Steele, N. D. Prisoners in the Minnesota state penitentiary include 26 bank robbers and 24 former bankers. The lowa highway commission paints a double safety line down the center df important roadways. THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1930 ENROLLMENT BOOST IS PREDICTED FOR ! DICKINSON NORMAL Additions to Faculty and Im provsment in Facilities Have Been Made Dickinson, N. D„ Sept. 22.—(/P> The State Normal school here faces what promises to be a record enroll ment within the next 10 days lor the opening of the fall term, Bept. 29, with a much enlarged organization. Most evident in this are the two wings being completed to the school's main building. While these will not be ready for the opening of the term, they will be ready, it is now expected, by the middle of October and pro vide 10 additional classrooms. Other enlargements are the cre ation of one entirely new department, rural education, and the separation of two other departments into sec tions with distinct departmental heads, as art from school, music and piano instruction from violin and orchestra. In addition also to the new faculty members necessitated by these department additions and changes, there also are four replace ments on the faculty, making a total of seven new members to the faculty of this growing Institution, as fol lows: Miss Florence Haase, the new dean of women, who takes Miss Florence Sommers’ place, attended Beloit and Rlpon colleges of Wisconsin and graduated from Rlpon In 1923. She secured her B. A. degree from the University of Minnesota in 1927 where She has since done graduate work equavalent to an M. A. degree. She Is experienced as a teacher in Wisconsin schools and for the last three years has been dean of women at Fort Arthur, Tex., where there is an enrollment of 2,000. She Is par ticularly well recommended for the handling of girls and understands their problems. T. A. Barnhart, taking Miss Daisy Busbey’s place as head of the depart ment of English, received his B. A. degree at the University of South Da kota and an M. A. degree at Ohio State university. He studied last year at Ohio State, completing work for a doctor’s degree. He is expe rienced as a teacher and for two yean taught at the University of North Dakota. Mr. Barnhart will have charge of the courses in technical English, journalism, public speaking and de bate. He is interested in journalism and dramatics and while at the Uni versity of South Dakota was editor in-chief of the student publication there and also has done some'report ing for the Sioux City Journal. Frank Moser Leaves L. R. Hiatt, who takes Frank Moser’s place as head of the depart ment of agriculture and science, holds a bachelor of science degree from the state agricultural college of Kansas, and M. A degree from the Univer sity of Chicago, and this summer completed work for a doctor’s degree at the University of Chicago. Mr. Hiatt has taught Smith-Hughes work in various schools and has been prin cipal and superintendent of a num ber of schools in Kansas. He was in Y. M. C. A. work overseas during the World war. Hie director in the new department of arts, the institution’s first full time art teacher, is Miss Lucile Smith, a graduate of Bradley Polytechnic In stitute, Peoria, IU. She received her Ph. B. degree from the University of Chicago in 1927 and her M. A. de gree in arts from the same university last June. In 1927 and 1928 she was assistant in the department of art at the University of Chicago and acted as curator of art materials and art departmental counselor for under graduate students majoring in art. The department hitherto has shared attention with pubUc school music, the last year under Miss Elsie Belle Rogge, who now wIU devote fuU time to pubUc school music. The new department of rural ed ucation will have as its director Paul W. Tinsley. He has aB.B. in educa tion from the State Teachers College at Warrensburg, Mo., an M. A. degree from the University Of Missouri, and considerable experience in rural and consolidated schools of Missouri. Dur ing the last few years heh as been By Williams | Ex-Stage Beauty. Wins a Million Lucy Cotten Thomas, former actress, and. widow of the late Edward Russell Thomas, New York sportsman and newspaper owner, has been awarded $1,099,000 as her share of Thomas’ estate, following negotiations at West Palm Beach, Fla. Thomas died in 1926 and Mrs. Thomas later married Lyt ton Gray Ament, divorcing him last spring and winning, the right to resume her former name. superintendent of a consolidated school having a full high school course and a number of affiliated rural schools. Mr. Tinsley already is here and at tended the rural school conference at the state teachers college at Mayville last week. At the present time he is doing rural demonstration work for the state department In Bowman and Golden Valley counties. He will have charge of observation and practice teaching in the consolidated school at South Heart and in such one room rural schools as will be found neces sary to take care of rural school ob servation apd practice teaching. Miss Pelenla Kosmoski, new super visor of grade teaching, taking the place of Mrs. Edith Cutnaw, is a grad uate of the State Teachers college at Mankato, Minn. She holds a B. 8. degree from the University of Minne sota in 1925 and an M. A. degree from Columbia university in 1929, also a special diploma from Columbia for supervision of critic teachers. Miss Kosmoski has taught in rural and graded schools of Minnesota and during the last 10 years has been in charge of teachers’ training in Minn, esota schools. She is rated as one of the five best teacher training in structors in Minnesota. Miss Patricia Brennan has been secured as instructor in piano, and will take over this department of music formerly combined with violin instruction and orchestra, allowing Miss Burns now to devote her entire time to violin and orchestra instru ment instruction. Miss Brennan holds a B. A. in music from the Uni versity of Illinois and has completed the requirements for a Master of Music degree in the Northwestern School of Music. She is a pianist and accompanist and plays the organ and pipe organ. BUSINESS BUIUHNG TO OUST LANDMARK Solomon Nicola Erecting Two- Story Structure at Fifth and Broadway A landmark of the 70’s is vanishing in the razing of the old frame store building on the southwest corner of Fifth and Broadway, to make way for a modern two-story brick mercantile building being erected by Solomon Nicola. Weinberger and Guthrie are the contractors who will erect the new structure. The old building was built by T. P. D»vis, who came to Bismarck with his wife in 1872 and went into the freighting business. As W. B. Fal coner, one of the older pioneers of the city, recalls, Davis built the build ing. and occupied a small house on the adjoining lot, where Brown and Tiedman now have their store. He freighted in and out of the Black Hills in the gold days, in later years he was killed by one of his freighting teams running away, causing the wagon to run over him Davis rented the corner building to Louis Bureu and James McDonald, who conducted a blacksmith shop in it, according to various old residents who came in the 80's. Bureu now lives in It Anne de Beaupre, Canada. He visited here a year ago. John Homan succeeded to tenancy later. He established a bakery and confectionery in the building, say old timers. A cafe known as “The Min ute Lunch" went in on the side 12 years ago. John Hollenbeck con ducted the Sanitary cafe in the front about the same time. * Brown and Norp conducted a meat market there after the cafe went out, closing down March, 1929. The Morning Star cafe went in on the Broadway side and was in busi ness there when demolition was or dered to make way for the new build ing. The cafe then temporarily re moved to 118 Sixth'street It will return to the place when the new building is ready for occupancy. Another business to locate In the new building will be the barber shop of John Bovack, which Is to be lo cated in the basement. The plans for the new building were drawn by Van Horn and Ritter buseh. They call for a two-story building, faced with Hebron brick, with office apartmerts on the sec ond floor, a store and cafe on the first and the barber shop below in the basement. The building will be 28 feet front with 140 feet depth, to the alley in the rear. This will give It a combined frontage of 165 feet. Under the contract, Weinberger and Guthrie are to begin, building oper ations as soon as the building is rased and the site cleared A steam shovel will then be put to work, excavating for the basement. The building is to be completed at the earliest date possible for the contractors to get it up. non WOMEN HOLD HOMEMAKERS MEET Grace De Long of State Agricul tural Extension Depart ment Is Speaker Mott, N. D., Sept. 22.—Officers and project leaders of the Homemakers clubs of Hettinger county held their first annual meeting at Mott city hall Thursday, with Grace DeLong of the state agricultural extension department in charge. There were 29 women from six clubs present. County Agent, W. L. Sales called the meeting to order. There are seven active Homemak ers clubs in Hettinger county with over 100 members. They have studied a number of minor projects the last year, and this meeting was for the purpose of starting the members on a program of major subjects. The major project “The Well-Fed Family” was chosen as the first to be studied. It consists of five lessons, which will be discussed at five trad er-training classes to be held, one each month during the fall and spring. The first of these meetings is scheduled for Mott Oct. 10, with Ruth Dawson, nutrition specialist from the agricultural college, ip charge. The project covers thorough ly the best information on food selec tion and the planning of meals in e practical way. A round table discus sion on general club problems was held. The following women were chosen project leaders by their respective clubs: Hettinger Pioneers, Mrs. W. L. Betts and Mrs. Gutensohnr, of New England; Harmony Homemakers, Mrs. E. D. Elliott and Mrs. J. E. Omdahl of Regent; Pleasant View Homemakers, Mrs. W. P. Brugamyex and Mrs. Harley Bmith of Regent; Britt Rock Homemakers, Mrs. wn* Tifft and Mrs. M. L. Phillips of Mott; Burt Homunakers, Mrs. Hazel Stuart and Mrs. Ueah Musser of Burt; Fleas ant Rock, Mrs. I. A. Bowers and Mrs. Emil tirown of Mott. Several other Hettinger oounty communities are interested in club work and it is very likely that other Homemakers groups will be formed soon., Miss DeLong stated that these clubs have almost doubled in the state during the last two years. There are now 382 such clubs with a total membership of over 7,000 in North Dakota. Dickinson Women Want Park Board Diekinson, N. D., Sept. 22.—The Dickinson Yard and Garden club, re opening its monthly meetings, has started agitation for a park commis sion as one of the urgent needs of this fast-growing city. A committee consisting of W R. Everett, Frank Ray and Chas. Eastgate has been named by the club to interview the city commissioners and sound out other civic clubs on the proposition before promotion is actively started, with the help, it is expected, of such organisations as the Lions dub, American Legion and Auxiliary and the various women’s clubs. Constructing Camp For $10,000,000 Plant St. Paul, Sept. 22.—Work of con structing the camp buildings of the Phoenix Utilities company at the site for the new $10,000,000 power plant on the Flathead river near Poison, Mont., has been started, according to information received at the general offices of the Northern Pacific. The work will require 300,000 feet of lum ber. to be used in construction of a machine shop, storehouse, community hall, commissary building and bunk houses for the workmen. TRADE BETTERMENT SURE BUT UNEVEN IN LEADING FEATURES Dun's Weekly Review Finds Situation Encouraging for Further Progress No sudden or rapid commercial up lift having been Indicated, the pres ent alow and highly uneven advance closely conforms with conservative expectations, according to Dun’s Weekly review of trade. It comments, however, that there is warrant for the statement that some progress in the right direction has been achieved since the recent turn in seasons, the more favorable trend and the stronger sentiment not being obscured by the unsatisfactory aspects which still prevail. It had been logi cally assumed that at least some change for the better would come in September. What has occurred, as had been anticipated, has been a gradual emer gence from the extreme lethargy of the summer, and in this respect the status is more encouraging. Except in Isolated cases, there Is no vigorous activity now, yet Instances of Im provement, If not particularly im pressive, are numerically more prqm lnent. That Is true both of pro ducing and distributing branches, al though not every department in either field has shared In the upturn in the same degree, and. in some channels the hoped-for revival remains absent. One of the significant features of the current week was the accumulat ing evidence of a renewed and ex panding inquiry and demand ‘for some raw materials, based largely upon the fact that prices for these commodities are at exceptionally at tractive levels. After months of al most uninterrupted decline, the struc ture of markets, as a whole, is firmer, and the belief is spreading that fur ther sizeable concessions are less like ly to be witnessed. Even with the erratic variations in foodstuffs, more steadiness in quotations has been clearly revealed of late in Dun’s ex tensive list. Expert Trade Total Higher Ftom preliminary official data is sued this week, it apears that domes tic merchandise exports in August rose considerably above the unusually low level of July. The total for last month is estimated to have been $380,000,000, or about 12% per cent, above the July figures. When com parison is made with the outgo of a year ago, however, a large decline is shown, the amount for August, 1929, having exceeded $380,500,000. On the import side, last month’s $217,000,000 did not follow the rising trend of exports, but fell some $2,000,000 below the aggregate for July. The imports, like the exports, remain much under the monthly average of other recent years, and in August were, in fact the lowest for the period since 1921. Steel Trade Reports Mixed It is made plain by reports from the iron and steel trades that much Irregularity still exists, yet certain encouraging phases have come into greater prominence. Among these is the fact that some buyers have shown a disposition to enter more freely upon forward commitments, marking a change from the long-continued policy of hand-to-mouth, purchasing. That has been the week’s outstand ing feature. Moreover, makers of automobile parts are stated to have received inquiries on contracts run ning some distance into the future, and these aspects have given senti ment a more buoyant tone. Other cheering news has Included sustained activity at a high rate in line pipe production, while the tinplate speci fications are frequently of an urgent character. Textiles and Hides It again is possible to note more encouraging aspects in the general textile situation. Among the promis ing indications is the distinctly better demand for finished cotton goods, while the upturn in certain divisions of the woolen industry has become more marked. After last wsik’s outburst of activ ity, with sharply rising prices, busi ness in hides has abated. The mar ket for the raw material was influ enced by developments in connection with trading in futures, but tanners were lowering their bids this week. Denhoff Boy Escapes Serious Injury When Automobile Overturns Renhoff, N. D., Sept. 22.—Donald Hempel, 15-year-old son of Mrs. J. W. Hempel, Denhoff, overturned in an automobile about a-mile out of town recently. His injuries included several cuts about the head and face and a few bonee were dislocated. Mott Lions Entertain Members of Faculty Mott, N. D., Sept. 22.—A ladies’ night, teachers’ reception, dinner, and theatre party is planned by the Mott Lions dub for this evening. Alsou* 75 are expected to attend, formal Invitations having been sent to the Mott teaching faculty and their wives or husbands. At the theater the party will see “Gold Diggers of Broadway.” Red Cross Has Need Of Children’s Clothes A call for clothing for several needy families in the northern part of the oounty has been made on local Red Grots headquarters and Miss Mary Oaahd, executive secretary, will re ceive donations at her office, over the Dakota National Bank and Trust company. The plight of the Mork family near Sterling also has been brought to the attention of the Red Cross. Six chil dren in that family are suffering as a result of the imprisonment of Law rence Mork, who shot Henry C. Stephan. All that the >forks had in the form of chattels was mortgaged at the time of the tragedy, and the incarceration of the head of the fam ily 1108,0107 Intensified their needi- In the vielnity of WUton and Re- gan illness of the heads of families has produced the other cases of need. In one case the father is paralyzed. Other forms of illness have afflicted heads of other families, some of which have as high as six children to sup port. Thes are attending school, which adds emphasis to the needs. Donations of clothing suitable for children up to the age of 14 can be turned in at the Red Cross office. SHOWERS ARE AID TO FARM OPERATION Government Report Says Late Moisture Hfclped Potatoes, Corn and Pasture Grand Forks, N. D., Sept. 22. Light to heavy showers at intervals throughout the first 15 days of Sep tember brought about material lm-~ provement in pastures and ranges; and also were of benefit to late po tatoes and corn in North Dakota, ac cording to the mid-month report of the Federal Agricultural Statistician at Grand Forks. With frosts holding off later than the potato crop may show considerable improve ment over the September first indi cations. The much needed moisture will be of benefit as well in speeding up fall plowing and in providing fa vorable conditions for the seeding of fall rye in this state. Rains up to the 18th have broken the drought in the area extending from northern Missouri to the Gulf, according to * late reports of the United States Weather Bureau. Reporters estimate that of the por tion of the com crop in North Da kota which withstood the drought of July and August, 70 per cent will reach maturity by October first and approximately 26 per cent will never mature. The amount of corn to be put into silos a 20 to 30 per cent in crease as compared with last year. An early harvest and threshing season has enabled farmers of the state to complete a much larger per centage of their fall plowing than last year In spite of the dry condition of the soil. A small portion of late flax remains ' to be harvested and about 30 per cent is still unthreshed, according to re ports. A small percentage of other grain crops still remains unthreshed where rains caused delays. Food sup plies are reported to be about 18 per cent below a normal supply, but are somewhat better than in 1929. The composite yield of all crops in North Dakota as Indicated by the September first condition, is reported by the Department of Agriculture to be 84.4 per cent of the ten-year yield for all crops. This is an increase of 4.3 per cent above the August ; first composite yield. N. P. Shifts Master Mechanics to West St. Paul, Sept. 22.—Announcement was made at the headquarters of the Northern Pacific that George L. Emstrom, master mechanic of the Rocky Mountain division, has been promoted to general master mechanic in charge of lines east of Helena and Butte. Mont., with headquarters at St. Paul. He succeeds G. F. Egbers, who was appointed master mechanic of the Idaho division with headquar ters at Parkwater, Wash., succeeding J. A. Marshall, who was transferred to the Rocky Mountain division, with headquarters at Missoula. Forty-fohr flying schools in the nation are approved by the federal government. A Chicago cafe slips a small “no smoking” sign under the plate of women customers. r Is 'four Rest l Deal Promptly With Kidney Irregularities. When' bladder, irritations, getting up at night and conr stant backache keep you miser able, don’t take chances! Help I your kidneys at the first sign ft of disorder. Use Doan's Puls. 1 Successful for more than 50 ■ years. 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