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Calvin Coolidge Peers Into Future and Reads Horoscope of America!
FOB PRESIDENT ! POINTS OUT STRIDES OF NEXT SO YEARS Sees Remarkable Development of Present Scientific In novations in Life GREAT ELECTRICAL ERA Wealth Just as Disproportionate but Everybody Will Have Easier Time (Former President Calvin Cool idge has written for the fiftieth anniversary edition of the Buffalo (N. Y.) Evening News, published today, a copyrighted article on America’s future, from which the following are excerpts.. By CALVIN COOLIDGE While we shall always look upon this period (the last 50 years) as one of the most interesting and import ant, and marked with events which will ever be of merited acfilaim in world history, it will probably be eclipsed in many ways in the next half century. * * * What changes are to take place cannot be foretold with anything like detail. But there appear to be cer tain tendencies of an irresistible na ture along which the race is working that we may confidently expect will become more and more pronounced. The foremost of these is the move ment " toward unification. This is based on better organized effort. It is not always popular, for it often seems at first to limit individual freedom of action. Period of Merger We are entemg a period of merg ers ir\, nearly all kinds of business which will dwarf anything with which we have before had experience. Such combinations will have power «to perform survices for the nation greater than any we have yet seen. * * * The necessaries and luxuries of life will be more abundant and the re sources with which to secure *them better distributed. This development will bring large wealth to some, per haps a disproportionate wealth, but under our system of government that will take care of itself. * * * *> Our difficulty in this country has not been with wealth itself, but with the newly rich who lacked the char acter to use it wisely. But, on the whole, we shall have a more even distribution Of wealth and give the Drdinary man new powers and new resources which he has not before mjoyed. Old Methods Not Easy Life will not be easy for those who try to live by the old methods. .... With the Increased use of machin ery. with the growing complexity of existence, more and more training, skill and education will become neces sary .... General education will be greatly Increased. * * * We can expect much progress in air navigation and in distribution of electric current. . . . Improvement of roads has probably only begun . .. Grade crossings will be eliminated and the main thoroughfares well lighted at night. The country will he dotted with great airports and we shall have a combination of motor vehicle, railroad and air transporta tion that will reach to every import ant point. * * * We shall see electric power used in the home and in all kinds of business and even more widely distributed than the telephone is at the present time. . . . Distant sights and sounds will be brought within the range of our eye and ear so that a conference between persons in Northampton and Buffalo will be almost like a conference around a table. Basis of Government Same Very little change is to be expected in the fundamentals of our govern ment. . . . It is to be hoped that election methods will be improved. While they are good on the whole, there are localities that are greatly in need of purification. * * * While great progress has been made, our municipal governments in many instances are not a credit to us ... . The growing burden of taxation and the increasing com plexity of municipal affairs will force an enlightened citizenship to greater activity in securing better adminis tration of our city governments. * * * Primarily the crime question is a question of the attitude of the may ors of our cities. Merely in self-de fense, the citizens of the future will require the best type of public ad ministrator to control our municipal governments. • Speedier Trials The society of the future will re quire speedy trials, a procedure stripped to technicalities, and all possible certainty that those known to be guilty of crime shall be pun ished. Security is so Important and Justice is so necessary to the pub lic, the danger of government oppres sion is so remote in a republic, that the old methods will be discarded for a procedure that will be more effec tive in the protection of the rights of honest and law-abiding citizens. * * * While some of the most skilled practitioners think surgery lias about reached its limits, medicine will make great strides in the future, especially on the preventive and mental side, eliminating disease and prolonging life. * * * What science and invention have In store for us we cannot even esti mate, but we know it will be stu pendous. Spiritual Values Essential Ignorance, superstition and preju dice are going to play less and less part in oar national life and intelli gence; faith and toleration will be more and more prevalent. * * * Our material values must not be OUTOUKWAY by Williams permitted to displace our spiritual values .... Their citadel is in the home. Their source is in religion. Our progress will finally depend on the faith of the people. * * * I believe that the indications point to a deepening of our national faith, an increasing reverence for holy things, and a more thorough, loyal devotion to God. Therein lie all our hopes. Without such a mani festation of the public conscience, all else would be in vain. (Copyright, Buffalo Evening News) I People’s Forum ' | Editor of the Tribune: Following up the tabulations for the first eight months of this year by the addition of the September acci dents, we find a considerable reduc tion in the total number Of accidents. As I am never satisfied with a mere consideration of figures, without ana lysis, the seeming change for the bet ter did not materialize when I came tc make such analysis. The eight counties listed at the head of last month’s tabulation, showing accidents by counties and per number of population, all show an accident ratio larger than the average for the preceding eight months. For tunately, the three leaders—Burleigh, Cass and Stark—showed the least in crease. Morton, Ward, Williams and Grand Forks, however, show large increases over their several monthly averages; and these four are now joined by Stutsman, Richland, McLean and Walsh. The decreases, therefore, are in the very counties in which the compara tive ratios were already favorable, and make my plea for an active acci dent prevention program none the less pertinent. In that connection, I regret exceedingly that some of the editorial space of leading dailies, giv en to references of the world’s series, Heywood Broun, and similar matters, could not have been utilized to assist us in making the necessary impres sion upon employers and . workmen. Of course, there have been some fa vorable reactions, and we are con vinced that more are thinking about the matter, but, as in all matters of general public education, we have a long way to go to “get the message across.” Last month we Indicated that the ratio between the serious accidents and total accidents was becoming more disadvantageous. The figures in that respect are: That, for the ten and one-half years up to January 1, 1930, the ratio of deaths to total ac cidents was about 35 per cent below the American Accident Table figures; but for the nine months of 1930 the ratio is only 6 per cent below those same figures. Let me state this more concretely. The American Accident Table ratio is 762 deaths in every 100,000 accidents. Our ratio up to Jan. 1,1930, was 495.30 to every 100,000 accidents. Since Jan. 1, 1930, to Oct. 1, 1930, the ratio has been 716.28 to every 100,000 accidents. May I hope that these repeated statements of mine may be taken se riously, and that our mutual efforts may be directed towards corrective measures that will safeguard what we have? Sincerely, Editor of The Tribune The writer was indeed pleased to read the article of Mr. Albert Holland of Fargo, North Dakota, which ap peared in The Bismarck Tribune un der date of September 29th, 1930. We were glad that we had aroused someone from their lethargy enough t get an expression from them rela tive to the road question of this state. We agree heartily with Mr. Holland when he says that back in ’79 but little thought was given to the roads. That was before the time when the eastern tourist had conceived the idea that he was entitled to the very best kind of roads while driving through this state and incidentally running over the pigs, chickens, turkeys, and other livestock of the taxpayers of said state. It was at a time when the taxpayers of this state were not being ridden to death with taxes. It was at a time ' hen no one thought—as now—that it was necessary that each road in this state be put into a rery Complete, splendid condition for travel, all tn one year. It was at a time when peo pl- believed that, it ijiiffM he well for them to leave something for their children to do, after the parents had gone over the great divide. It was at a time when, despite the fact that we had just as many county officials as now, one could pay the taxes on a quarter-section of land in this state with about ten dollars (in 1903 the writer paid taxes on a good quarter-section of land in McLean county. North Dakota, with less than fourteen dollars), and taxes on the same land today are five times that much. Taxes—like death—creep on apace. Most people do not just fall over dead, bv.t begin by having symptoms. Today they have a slight temperature, to morrow a slight chill, and then later take down sick and kick off. Taxes come on by degrees, likewise. If the difference in taxes for a period of ten years was all heaped on the taxpayer in one year there would be a revolu tion, but such is not the case. It comes on so little at a time that, while some growl a lot about it, no one takes it seriously. Each year it is just a little harder to pay your taxes, and each year you are admonished that your roads should be made better; that you should in some way raise enough money to meet the federal re quirements, so the state can get the federal help; and no one dares to raise his voice in protest. If you allow taxes to keep piling up it will not be long until all you can make will not pay them, and still there will be roads to build. While we agree with Mr. Holland on nost of his article, we cannot agree with him on the reason for the gutters in the gravel roads. The sweeping over tho roads, as he says, by the high powered cars has nothing to do with making the gutters. The gutters are made by the blade on the grader. You will note that the gutters do not run in a straight line across the roads, but do run diagonally, just as the blade is poised diagonally across the road. This blade will hit a surface that it cannot carry with it; it then jumps up, the pressure on it again brings it back to the surface, and the rut is made. If water has anything to do with it, as Mr. Hoiland says, then why did we have so many gutters this year when we had no water? These gutters run clear out into the grass at the edge of the road; and, if the speed of the car makes them, why is it that we find them out just as far as the blade runs, and beyond where the cars run? Mr. Hoiland agrees with me on loose gravel, but the highway commission does not—or, if it docs, it does noth ing about it, for it still keeps the maintainer going every day. “Wise men change,” etc.; and as we said in our article on this subject before, if we are wrong, why not prove it by keeping this grader off of the roads for just one week? That would dem onstrate this matter beyond question or doubt. The writer at one time lived in the state that built the first gravel roads that were built anywhere in the United States—in fact, we have helped to build them—and we had no blades running over them every day, nor did they have any maintenance at all ex cept to haul a load of gravel occasion ally and fill in* depressions; and we had good, smooth gravel roads with out a blade. This, of course, would not do in this great commonwealth, that in truth and fact is yet in its swaddling clothes but is putting on mere airs than the old states that are infinitely more able to pay taxes. It seems, though, that when men are elected to office, either state or municipal, they are seized with a squandermania and that their great est ambition is to spend money. They are well provided for themselves, and half of them pay no taxes and care but little for the fellow who does. When the state legislature met last time, it seems that about all it did was to make appropriations, create new oifices, and tell the people of this state generally how to be good. This may be lese majesty on my part, but it is true, nevertheless. Keep off the roads for a week with your gutter-diggers, let the gravel get set tled, and thereby save a few lives and incidentally a few dollars for the taxpayers. Yours truly, J. N. MCCARTER, Steele, N. Dak. R. E. Wenzel, Commissioner. 'bURRUS RETURNS FROM * ENGLAND Jefferson Burrus, famous Wiscon sin *nd of four years ago. has re turned from Oxford university to study'law Burrus a year ago sug gested that all college athletes be£ r**id salaries. THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1930 STRASBURG’S CORN EXIiITS IMPROVED ... -.J . ■ , ... D. C. Crimmins, ‘State Corn King,’ Was Judge for An x nual Exposition Strhsburg, N. D., Oct. 11.—Corn ex hibits at the annual Strasburg Corn Show were much‘better than those of a year ago, according to D. C. Crim mins, Hazeiton, “state com' king,” who was judge. The show had 49 entries in the corn events and 36 in the vegetable con tests. Winners of first and second prizes follow: Rice Pop Corn—Dan Henn. Black Pop Corn—Wendelin Braun agel. Gehu Flint—M. VanSoest, John De Boer. Burleigh County Miexd Flint—Pel ter Boschker, M. VanSoest. Hansman—Ed H. Nieuwsma, Wm. Dykema. Yellow Dent—Casey Doom, Peter Boschker. Square Deal Dent—Casey Doom, John Zacher. Rustler White Dent—Magnus Wag ner, Peter Boschker. Pioneer White Dent—Frank Roden berg, Jacob Zacher. Semi Dent—Wm. Dykema, Ed H. Nieuwsma. There were five varieties in the single ear class, with awards as fol lows: White Dent, Casey Doom; Yellow Dent, Casey Doom; North Western Dent, John Vander Vorste; Gehr Flint, M. VanSoest; Mixed Flint, Peter Boschker. Vegetables Squash—Joe Williams, A. VerHoven Pumpkin—R. Dosch, P. Jochim. Potatoes—M. VanSoest, John Wag ner. Star Squash—Peter Jochim, A. Ver Hoven. Tomato—Valentine Holzer. Carrots—Adam Wolf, Peter P. Kraft. Beets—Adam Wolf, John Zacher. Turnip-Peter P. Kraft, Albert Huen. Citron—Sarah Dyke, Albert Huen, Cucumber—E. M. Klein. Black Radish —Ed H. Nieuwsma. White Radish—Ed H. Nieuwsma. Egg Plant—Joe J. Kraft, Cabbage—E. M. Klein. Water Melon—Karl Keller, L. P. Zacher. ❖ — q | Farm Facts | ❖ — 4 Thin native lambs selling as feed ers at 2 to 3 cents per pound, 25 to 35 per cent under the prices brought by fat lambs, emphasize the import ance of sending only fat lambs to market. Potato pits when properly con structed provide cheap and satisfac tory storage for potatoes throughout the storage season. The life of an average woven wire fence \yhen posts are replaced and the fence is restretched is 18 to 27 years, according to estimates made by 146 lowa farmers. Most farm fires are caused by lightning, defective chimneys# and flues, careless use of matches and smoking, sparks on combustible roofs or spontaneous combustion of farm products. Game birds can not be expected to “come back” unless they are provid ed with nesting shelter. Rugs and carpets wear best on smooth, level floors. If the floor has defects which can’t be remedied, cov ering them with padding or carefully laid newspapers will make the rug last longer. North Dakota’s county agents help ed farmers secure 140,866 high grade breeding ewes during the past five years. While dairy cattle are more sus ceptible to low temperatures than most farm livestock, they can be kept comfortable in quite cool barns if dry and protected from drafts. A near rope clothesline will be softer and will last longer if boiled for a few minute* in soenv water. (STATE’S BUTTERFAT PRODUCTION DROPS, GREENWOOD REPORTS More Than Million Pounds Re duction Shown by Dairy ✓ Commissioner's Data North Dakota’s butterfat produc tion, marketed through creameries and cream stations, totaled 42,206,168 pounds during the past year, accord ing to the biennial report of E. A. Greenwood, state daily commissioner. This was produced from July 1, 1929, to July 1, 1930, and brought $16,295,- 131.30. For the year July 1, 1928, to July 1, 1929, there were 43,397,910 pounds of butterfat produced, the value being $18,794,604.22. A total of 9,574,373 pounds of butter was made on farms from July 1,1929, to July 1, 1930, Greenwood said. Worth S3O Per Capita Butterfat. produced in the state from July 1,1929, to July 1,1930, plus butter made on the farms in the same period, produced nearly S3O per capita wealth for every man, woman and child in North Dakota, according to the figures made available by Mr. Greenwood. Cass county rated first with 3,376,- 637 pounds of butterfat purchased by creameries and cream stations at a value of $1,329,706.09. Morton county ranked second in the state as a dairy center, with 2,964,345 pounds of but terfat purchased at a value of $1,124,- 846.22. Following closely on the heels of Cass and Morton counties comes Ward county with 2,351,688 pounds of butterfat purchased at $892,937.05. Stutsman county is the fourth county in the ;c,te with $632,804.99, Sargent sixth with $618,230.87 and Grand Forks fifth with $611,621.59. Butterfat production, as marketed through creameries and cream sta tions, and the money received, by counties, follow: County— Pounds Money Adams . . . 225,780 $ 81,141.75 Barnes . . . 1,477,456 575,020.64 Benson . . . 603,559 228,778.16 Bottineau . . 793,678 291,674.83 Billings . . . 64,113 19,550.05 Bowman . . 264,174 114,549.67 Burke .... 371,333 133,828.85 Burleigh . 640,188 241,689.17 Cass .... 3,376,637 1,329,706.09 Cavalier . . . 631,049 237,469.66 Dickey . . . 1,079.925 428.668.73 Divide .... 294,585 106,911.90 Dunn .... 404,609 144,711.24 Eddy .... 292,375 117,498.14 Emmohs . . 568.639 315,670.70 Foster .... 773,994 274,788.99 Gold'll Valley 107,852 36,691.85 Grand Forks 1,577,560 611,621.59 Grant .... 731,872 269,487.26 Griggs . . . 537,666 212,083.17 Hettinger . . 718,557 259,153.78 Kidder . . . 494,047 181,289.82 La Moure . . 1,127.935 421,065.55 Logan . . . 672,936 248,073.84 McHenry . . 855,238 311^)90.09 Mclntosh . . 1,074,761 388,929.89 McKenzie . . 277.508 91,755.00 McLean . . . 770,515 289,969.03 Mercer . . . 519,031 188,764.94 Morton . . . 2,964,345 1,124.846.22 Mountrail . . 891,031 321,248.50 Nelson . . . 1,039,766 400,692.29 Oliver .... 218,869 76,176.61 Pembina . . 692,218 264,079.23 Pierce . . . 478,686 184,161.29 Ramsey . . . 1,409,605 536,916.35 Ransom . . . 1,038,700 401,385.95 Renville . . 456.490 175,645.42 Richland . . 1,418,637 545,968.86 Rolette . . . 355,381 132,852.93 Sargent . . . 703,800 618,230.87 Sheridan . . 453,610 169,636.13 Sioux .... 102,445 38,115.43 Slope .... 67,207 23,920.32 Stark .... 754,576 277,770.67 Steele .... 403,396 155,526.06 Stutsman . . 1,651,272 632,804.99 Towner . . . 226.809 83,060.00 Traill .... 827,644 321,065.11 Walsh .... 726,929 275,092.05 Ward .... 2,351,658 892,967.05 Wells .... 543,789 196,857.72 Williams . . 771,697 274,478.08 Totals . . . 42,206,168 $16,295,131.30 200 PUREBRED SIRES USTED FOR SALES Valley City and Devils Lake to Hold District Auctions of • Breeding Livestock Fargo, N. D., Oct. 11—0P>—Approxi mately 200 head of purebred live stock have been inspected and will be consigned to two purebred sire sales to be held in Valley City, October 15 and 16, and in Devils Lake, October 18, according to S. G. Denner, animal husbandry specialist of North Dakota Agricultural college. The sales are being sponsored by livestock breeders’ Associations and county extension agents and will take in large areas surrounding each point. Denner recently completed inspec tion of the animals preliminary to their consignment to the sale. E. J. Haslerud, extension dairyman, as sisted in the inspection work. At the Valley City sale, consign ments are being received from the southeastern part of the state. About 30 purebred bulls consisting of Aber deen Angus, Brown Swiss, Guernseys, Holsteins, Herefords, Red Foils, and beef and milking Shorthorns; 30 purebred Hampshire, Shropshire, Ox ford and Southdown rams; and 45 purebred Duroc Jersey. Chester White, Poland China and Spotted Poland China boars have been listed by North Dakota breeders for this sale, according to Geo. J. Baker, secretary of the State Livestock Breeders’ asso ciation. “Every animal listed has been in spected and only the very best sires from the leading here’s and flocks in the southeastern section of North Dakota have been accepted for this sale,” Mr. Baker states. ‘<Ct is the opinion of the committees in charge that this will be thi greatest collec tion of sires that has ever been of fered for sale in ths Northwest.” The Devils Lake sale Includes the lake region countie, with small con signments from adjacent counties. At this auction about 35 bulls, 20 boars and 30 rams will be put on the block. The bulk of this stock will come from Ramsey-, Towner, Benson and* Nelson counties. Denner states. District livestock sales of this type are held rnnually and serve a useful purpose in providing a market for the surplus breeding animals of farmers and also in making good sires avail able to breeders who wish to re plenish their herds and flocks. The owner of n low producing dairy herd ha* no choice—he must send the poorest cows to the'butcher, or else he will find himself working for nothin? nr ler* than nnthlne y BRIDGE Article No. 22 By WM. E. McKENNEY (Secretary American Bridge League) When opening against $ suit dec laration, partner having bid and your hanft contains an ace king jack com bination. the king should be led be fore partner’s suit. NOSJTM . S-J-6-5 WEST H—7*2 • EAST - i K.fl. D-A-K-M S—lo-4-2 S "a7 C—J-9-4-2 r H —lo*s*4 H-Q J-3 ' W O—Q-8-7 *-2 _ C—A.Q 0-10-8-5 SOUTH— DEALER S-3-3 K—A-K-9-8-6 0-5-3 4, C—s;-7-B-3 The Bidding At contract. South, the dealer, bid one heart. West should not make the mistake of overcalling with one spade as this would simply show a spade bid with one and one-half tricks. The proper declaration is for West to double to show partner three and one-half high card tricks. North would pass, East would respond with one no trump which is simply an out. South would pass and West would bid two spades which would close the contracting. The Play North has the opening lead and his partner has bid hearts. In most cases, the seven of hearts would be the proper opening, but when hold ing an ace king jack, the king should be opened before partner’s su’.t, therefore North leads the king of diamonds, South playing the five, West the eight. North would shift to his partner’s suit and lead the seven of hearts, dummy plays the four, South winning the trick with the king, West false - carding with the Jack. SAFETY ESSAYS WIN PRIZES FORFIVEN.D. PUPILS AND TEACHER Leading Award Goes to Minot Girl; Steele Instructor Gets Honor Certifioate Washington, D. C., Oct. 11.—((TV- Five North Dakota school children and a teacher were notified today that they have been declared state winners in the ninth annual safety essay and safety lesson contests con ducted by the Highway Education Board, Washington, in cooperation with Miss Bertha R. Palmer, state superintendent of public Instruction, and county and local school author ities. Miss Inez Delores Lund, a pupil of the Minot Junior high school, Minot, wrote the best safety essay for North Dakota. As first prize winner she will receive a prize of sls and a gold medal. In addition, her paper will be entered in a national competition with the best essays submitted by pupils from other states, for one of the three national prizes. The first national prize consists of a trip to Washington, with expenses paid, at which time the winner will be presented with a gold watch. Sec ond and third prize winners will re ceive only gold watches. Steele Safety Lemon Wins The essay contest, the subject of which was “What I am Doing to Set a Good Example in Safety on the Highways,” was open to all children of the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades, 14 years of age and under, while the safety lesson contest was open to all elementary school teach ers of the eighth and lower grades, both public and private. Miss Dorothy Argent, who lives at Steele and teaches in that city, was awarded the first state honors in the safety lesson contest. The title of the lesson was: “Teaching the Essentials of Street and Highway Safety.” Although no state prize is given in this contest, Miss Argent will receive an honor certificate and her lesson will be entered in competition with the best lessons submitted by teach ers in other states. Trip to Washington Prize In this contest there are also three national prizes, the first consisting of a trip to Washington with all ex penses paid and a check for S6OO, while second and third prizes con sist of checks for S3OO and S2OO, re spectively. Ruth Swisher, 1135 Eighth street north, Fargo, a pupil of the Roosevelt Junior High school in that city, was awarded second state honors in the safety essay contest. As a result She will receive a silver medal and a check for $lO. There are three third prize win ners, for North Dakota, all of whom will receive prizes of $5 and bronze medals. They are Anna Olson, a pu pil of the Roosevelt Junior High School, Fargo: Joe R. Thomas of the Flasher school, Flasher, and Ethel Scharf, who attends the public school at Courtenay. Stage Mafrathon With Aid of Baby Carriage Atlantic City, Oct. 11.—And now the baby carriage pushing marathon 1 Two girls recently arrived here after pushing a baby carriage all the way from Camden. They were Evelyn Ready, 15, and Mary McCartney. 16. The girls took turns in riding in the buggy and pushing. The riding in terval was an hour. The carriage got such heavy use that the rear tire came off. Miasiseippians paid 12012.892 to commercialize laundries during 19L*2. »•**)*«* HiV'lnf*') * South must not return the- ace of hearts as he is apt to find his part ner with three small hearts. He would therefore set up the ten of hearts in the dummy. His proper re turn is the three of diamonds, West plays the seven and North finesses the jack. The deuce of hearts is led by North which South wins with the ace. East continues to false-card by playing the queen, but South now knows that his partner is out be cause if he held the seven three and deuce of hearts, the three spot would have followed the seven, and not the deuce. Therefore South leads the six of hearts which North trumps with the five of spades. North also knows that his partner Is out of diamonds as he played the five and then the three spot. His proper lead is the four of diamonds not the ace dummy plays the nine, and South trumps with the three of spades, following with the queen. South returns the nine of hearts, hoping to find his partner with an honor in which case he could overruff the dummy. The declarer is forced to trump with a high spade to shut out North, discarding the ten of dia monds in dummy. If the declarer had made the mistake of discarding the queen of clubs or ruffing small, North’s'jack of trump would have made. Declarer now leads the two high spades, picking up the opponents’ re maining trumpT leads a small spade, overtaking in the dummy with the ten spot and then finesses the club. But he has made only one spade, therefore his contract is set one trick. If North had opened the heart be fore opening the diamond, undoubt edly South would have shifted to a club, in which case the declarer could have made his contract. (Copyright, 1930, NEA Service. Inc.) INDIAN FINGERPRINT. INDEX GIVEN STATE Frank Zahn Presents His Col lection and Some Relics to Capitol Museum A collection of carded fingerprints of special historical ’ -Importance to North Dakota has been presented to the state historical museum by Frank Zahn, Fort Yates Indian Interpreter. The collection embraces the finger prints of some of the most noted Sioux warriors and chiefs figuring in the state and territorial history of the last $5 years. Some of the thumb marks in the collection are of surviv ing warriors who fought against Custer in the battle of the Little Big Horn, in Montana, June 25, 1876. Others are of Sioux braves who have come to the front in tribal standing since then, notably Chief Red Toma hawk. In addition to the fingerprints, Zahn has loaned to the state some of the relics in his private collection. These include the hand-carved cane of Chief White Bear, a catlinite peacepipe formerly in the possession of Chief Fire Heart and the canes of Chief John Grass and Red Fish. Also some Seventh cavalry saddle pockets from the Little Big Horn battlefield and a picture of Red Tomahawk, Zahn and Vice President Charles Curtis, taken at Washington on the occasion of Tomahawk’s visit there. Canes were a valued possession with the Indians, said Zahn. They have a saying that one comes into the world on all-fours, goes through it on twos and passes out on threes—two legs and a cane. Survivors of Custer Fight The fingerprint collection includes those of the following living survivors of the Custer battle: Little Soldier, Fort Yates, Sioux name Aricita-cicala. Black Bear, Mato, 8. D., Indian name Matho-sapa. Bear Soldier, Mato, S. D., Indian name Matho-arlclta. Elk Nation, Heraka-oyate, Bullhead, S. D. One Bull, Tatanka - wanjila, nephew of Sitting Bull. White Bull, Tatanka-ska, nephew of Bittlng Bull, Cherry Creek, S. D. Gray Eagle, Wambli-rota, brother in-law of Sitting Bull, Bullhead, S. D. Young Eagle, Wambli-cicala, Fort Yates. Old Bull, Tatanka-ahanna, Bull head,. B. D. Custer Warriors Who Have Died Custer battle participants who no longer are living are represented in the prints of Adam Hona, Fort Yates; White Ifcce Bear, Fort Yates; Little Eagle, Leo Wamblicikala, McLaugh lin, S. D.; Sitting White Cow, Ptes quiciya tanka, McLaughlin; White Buffalo, Ptesanwln, McLaughlin. Standing Bear, Mato-kinajin, Wak pala, 8. D.; Robert Bearghost, Chase Flying, Chief Mark Redfish, Black Fox. Strongheart and Red Hail, all of Cannonball; Edward Circling Hawk. Cetan Kanwinge, McLaughlin; Noah Shoot Walking, Noah Wakutemanl, McLaughlin; Henry Little Moon, Wlclgala, Wakpala; Yellow Hawk, Iron Thunder and White Cow-Walk ing, Cannonball. Others In Collection Other prints, some of Sioux who have died, others of living members of the tribe, include: Chief Red Tomahawk, wife and three children, the chief’s Indian name being Tacanrpi-luta; Red Fish, Hogan-luta, Cannonball; wife and daughter .of Chief John Grass, Pejl, Fort Yates; William Hawk. Cetan, a nephew of Chief Gall, Wakpala; Howard Red Hawk, Cetan-luta, nephew of Gall, Wakpala; Little Crow, Kangicigana, grandson of Little Crow who participated in the Min nesota massacres, of Fort Yates Mrs. American Hors*, widow of not. ed chief of Pine Ridge; Blue Thunder, •dowt for Custer, of Cannonball; two Mad Bear girls, Mary and Scholastica, daughters of Chief Mad, Bear of Wakpala; Felx Fly, grandson of Sitting Bull; Frosted Red Fish* son of Chief Red Fish; Josephine Zahn, mother of Frank Zahn, Can nonball; Mrs. Shoot the Tiger, ,On cagewakamwin, grandmother of Frank Zahn; Richard Blue Earth, killed in action in battle near Sols sons, France, in the World war, whose name has been taken by the Sioux American Legion auxiliary at Fort Yates; and the print of Frank Zahn himself. FIRST LITHERAX Avenue D and Seventh street. E. Benzon, pastor. No morning service. Sunday school at 12 o’clock. Evening service at 7:30. The choii will sing. TRINITY LUTHERAN Avenue C at Seventh street. Opie S. Kindahl, pastor. Church school, 9:46 a. in. Morning worship at 11. Luther league, 7:30 p. m. Junior choir Wednesday. 4 p. m. Senior choir Thursday, 7:30 p. m. Confirmands Saturday, 10 a. m. ZION EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN “ (Missouri Synod) \ Fourth street at Avenue A. J. V. Richert, pastor. Sunday school, 9:30 a. m., all classes. Miss Ella Brelji, superintendent. Morning worship (German), 10:30. Bible hour, 6:45 p. m., in charge ol the Walther league. Evening services (English), 7:30. FIRST EVANGELICAL Seventh street and Rosser avenue. Ira E. Herzberg, minister. Sunday church school, 10 a. m., for all departments. H. G. Schwantes, su perintendent. Rally day program, 11 a. m., by the beginners’ primary and junior chil dren. A missionary offering will be taken. At 7:45 f>. m. a short play, “Nathan iel’s Quest,” will be given by a group of young people. There will be several special musical numbers. Tuesday, 7:30 p. m., young people’s department business meeting and so cial hour. Wednesday, 7:30 p. m., mid-week prayer service: 8:30, choir rehearsal. > Saturday, 0:30 a. m., Junior cate chism class; 10:15, advanced catechism class. M’CABIS METHODIST EPISCOPAL Walter E. Vater, pastor. Morning: worship at 10:30. ; Organ prelude, "Fanfare" (Dubois) —Miss Ruth Rowley, organist. Anthem, “Break Thou the Bread of Life" (Windermere). Organ offertory, “Hymn of Nuns’* (Lefebure-Wely). Sacramental address, “The Mystio Presence”—Walter E. Vater. Anthem, “Cast Thy Burden on the Lord —Wilson. Holy communion. Organ postlude, “March” (Page). Sunday school, 12 noon. This is Rally day and there will be a special pro- Ml gram by the departments, presenta- W clses°* diplomas * an<J Promotion exAr- , Epworth league, 6:30 p. m. Evening worship at 7:30. “Songs in the Night”» Anthem, “O Lord, Thou Rast Searched” (Woodcock). Organ offertory, “Salut d'Amour” (Elgar). Solo, selected—Paul Luther. Sermon, “Capital and Interest”— Walter E. Vater. ° r £an postlude, “Grand Choeur” (Marchant). Prayer service Wednesday, 7:30 p. m „ FIRST BAPTIST Fourth street and Avenue B. Ellis L. Jackson, pastor. Church school. 10 a. m., with classes Tor all awes. Mrs. Howard McNutt. v superintendent. ' Morning worship at 11. . M Pianist, Miss .Esther Wilaon. < Prelude, “In the Sweet Bye and * Bye (a transcription by Web. Offertory, “Choral” (Schumann). Childrens talk, “Our Great Ex— s ample. Sermon theme, “The Valley of Mul berry Trees* (Psalm 84)—Mr. Jackson. -J Intermediate B. Y. P. U.. 6:45 p. m Leader, Everett Herbert. Topic, “Right-i Things ta Do on Sunday.” * 1 e.Hy.^ lnR ü ßervlce at 7:30 - T be friendly friendly hour, with music by the Gilbert orchestra * Erected by E. L J he, ? e ’. “ The Choice of Friends —Mr. Jackson. (The first of l®* ries „ of four sermons on “Life’s Choices. The other sermons to fol- Choice of a Life Work”) ’ The Wednesday, 7:30 p. m., mid-week service at the parsonage. Topic, "Our gales Conventlon -” Reports by dele- f FIRBT PRBSBYTBItUN * loyd E. Logee, minister. ♦«^ n 2? r 5 arte ?' Primary, junior. in-' : termediate and senior departments of the Sunday church schood, 9:30 a. m. service °f worship at 10-30* broadcast over KFYR. *«.««, Organ prelude, “The Pilgrim’s ;u h «;u! b »* is “>“ fs» V E"*.,ha?d,.'' Alr " <»*<*>-Adolph o, &iu^"” r * tto ws ol^ yr T el -Appiegren. rsa!?, 0 Jo" r *M.a P l“ ' 1» C Or V |Ji n *p*rffl C .: “•■S^n?'V. , vJr?.'V - a —Grace Duryee Morris/ An (Adams7 he L ° rd 18 My Bhepllerd^l Offertory, “Invocation” (Winter) A Sermon, “When I Awake"—Rev. W. A. Baker. * S; 3 V“'. boor, bjttasus* p - m - lowa’s total assessed valuation for 1930 is $3,250,852,998, according to the state board of review. After this miUaae to fflfaaW taken from to oiL i&SSjSSfcSS