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Canada’s Greatest Railroad Builder Spent His Boyhood in Bismarck NOW CONSTTRUCTING ROAD FROM HUDSON BAY TO TIDEWATER Harry F. McLean Is Son of John McLean, One of Early Mayors Here INFLUENCED BY M’KENZIE Building of Bridge Over til ide Moose River Is Last Stop in Big Job When Canada complete* a railroad to Hudson bay and tidewater, there* by opening a new sea route to Europe. Bismarc’* will have had a hand in it. In fact, it will have been a Bismarck hand which directed the laying of the steel rails into the far north where the blues end—in a snow white, virgin fastness, beyond the slump line and the crisis belt. It will have been a Bismarck mind which directed the homeric struggle of men against ua ture, a struggle which Old Hercules himself would not have entered with out misgiving. The hand and mind are those of Harry F. McLean, baronial contractor and builder, who first acquired a taste for engineering difficulties and construction problems when he was a mere lad in North Dakota's capital city. Before one can fully understand what Harry McLean is doing up there at the end of rail beyond civilization, it might be well to sketch in, briefly, the days of his youth. The son of John McLean, one of Bismarck’s early mayors, and of Mary McLean, who died here only a few years ago, he was not especially noteworthy as a boy. Like other boys, he dreamed dreams as he sat in the bright North Dakota sunshine of a spring day or watched the bull teams heading into the mists which shroud ed the bluffs of the Missouri on the route to the Black Hills. It is no wonder that he dreamed, for every boy does that. The wonder, and the point of this story, is that those dreams today are coming true up there where the mighty Moose river flows northward through Canada to Hudson bay. Young McLean’s middle name is Falconer, a name prominent in the civic and agricultural annals of west ern North Dakota. It was the maiden name of his mother. Wm. A. Fal coner, 202 Avenue E, is his uncle. Started in ’Teens A tall, angular youth, young Mc- Lean was in his late ’teens when he abandoned the dreams of boyhood for the high adventures of a young man’s es’atc. He went to work for the Northern Pacific railroad. The memory of those titans who laid the Northern Pacific line still loomed large in the minds of Bis marck’s residents. The builder who pushed his lines of steel across prairie and stream was an homeric figure in the eye of the nation. The lure of the west was upon the world and there were no places so interesting to the adventurous as those beyond “the end of steel.” Alex McKenzie, a friend of his father. was rising to power in those days and was connected with North ern Pacific enterprises. Young Mc- Lean worked with this master of men who was to mold much of North Da kota’s history for the next quarter century. As he grew in knowledge, experience and the practiced daring common to men of his kind, McLean grew in stature. The gaunt frame filled out even as it completed the process of shooting up into the air. A leonine heads tops a magnificent physique, inches over six feet in height. In his personal appearance he matches his conquests as few men have done since feudal times when a conqiuerer had to be big enough to wield a battle axe. With the passage of the years Mc- Lean grew in experience. Here and there throughout the world he gained the knowledge, made the friendships, acquired the skill which was to make him what he is today—the greatest contractor Canada has ever known. With equal simplicity he will under take to raise a lake or level a moun tain: t» burrow a tunnel, build a bridge or construct a railroad in the face of obstacles which are seemingly overwhelming. Which brings us to the job he is Boing. now. Just a Job to Him To him it is just a job but to most of us it is an epic of man's conquest of the wilderness. It is an adven ture in high finance, for Harry P. McLean deals in millions. One has to when he builds a railroad into lands which are stark with the icy stillness of the far north much of the year; where the quiet honk of Canadian geese, the mating call of the moose and the mighty roar of untamed rivers are all that have broken the silence in the summer time for uncounted centuries. It is easy enough to comment on the building of a railroad but the feats which must be performed to construct thqse two ribbons of steel into uncharted country are notable, McLean’s taming of the Moose river is an example. This stream is formed by the junction of the Mettagami and Missinabi rivers, and at the point chosen for the construction of the railroad bridge it is 3,736 feet— nearly three fourths of a mile—in width. In the middle of the stream, lies Murray island, 900 feet wide. A fill has been made between the east bank of the river and the island. Into it went 250,000 cubic yards of work and an engineering achievement of which no man need be ashamed. It is 60 feet high above the water line. It 15 there to stay. The fill was con tinued across the island, a total dis tance of 1,900 feet and frdm its west bank to the mainland beyond the bridge is being built. This will be 2,82a' feet kmg and all this winter men have been busy placing the con crete ptera, 19 of them, 110 feet apart. iUpy mast be finished by April 1, for tar that time the ice will come Mahatma Gandhi, Leader of India’s 350 Millions Frail Indian Leader Started Life As Lawyer But Bible Turned Career roaring down the half-choked river on its way to the sea. Last Step in Job Construction of the bridge is the last big job in the work of pushing the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario railroad to the sub-arctic sea. But McLean has another project. It is that of damming the Abitibi river canyon for one of the biggest power projects in Canada. Some $23,000,000 is being spent in this work and it is being spent by the hand of the same lad who once skipped stones across the muddy expanse of the broad Missouri river and practiced with the lariat when Bismarck was a frontier town. His contemporaries attribute his success to his audacity. He has cour age. He pits his judgment against the laws of nature, against the wilder ness, against time, against luck in those great engineering projects of his that somehow are always suc cessful in spite of almost insuperable obstacles. He gambles with the wilderness. Uaspoiled by the great success that has been his, McLean lives quietly and unostentatiously with his fam ily in Montreal as he carries his great work, talking little, accomplishing much. Respected by his associates, revered and loved by thousands working un der him and honored by the country of his adoption, he has built his castle in Spain, a castle which was conjured up In the adolescent dream of a North Dakota boy. HANEY TO DISCUSS CONTROL (F WEEDS Farm Expert Will Address Series of Meetings in McLean Coun ty; Schedule Given Washburn, N. D., March 12.—J. C. Haney, who has charge of the Inter national Harvester company demon stration farms will speak on weed control and feed crops at farmers meetings in McLean county next week. At these meetings a seed exchange will also b>; conducted. Every farmer who has good seed for sale or trade should bring in samples. At some of these meetings moving pictures will be shown. Meetings will be held as follows; Wilton, Saturday, March 14, at 1:30 p. m. Washburn, Monday, March 16, at 1:30 p. m. Underwood, Monday, March 16, at 7:30 p. m. Mercer, Tuesday, March 17, at 1:30 p. m. Turtle Lake, Tuesday, March 17, at 7:30 p. m. Garrison. Wednesday, March 18, at 1:30 p. m. Raub. Thursday, March 19, at 1:30 p. m. Roseglen, Thursday, March 19, at 7:30 p.m. Benedict, Friday, March 20, at 1:30 p. m. Geo. J. Baker, livestock specialist of the state agricultural college, and County Agent A. L. Norling will con duct a cattle feeding demonstration meeting at the Geo. M. Robinson farm, eight miles southwest of CoJe harbor, on Wednesday, March 18 at 10 a. m. Steers that have been on feed all winter will be exhibited. At 2 p. m. the same day Baker will speak, at Mercer on organizing a live stock shipping association. He will also meet with Boys' and Girls' Calf clubs on Tuesday and the cheep and hog committee on Thurs day. Read Christian Bible in London and Life of Jesus Im pressed Him EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a series of four exclusive stories on the life of Mahatma Gandhi, written by Milton Bron ner, European manager for NEA Service and this newspaper. By MILTON BRONNER (Copyright, 1931, NEA Service, Inc,) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi— Mahatma Gandhi—a little wisp of brown humanity, almost skeletonic in his frail *body, clad only in a white loin cloth, bare-footed, bespectacled; with graying hair and mustache and almost toothless mouth—is one of the most unique figures in the history of today, and also in the history of all time. There have been great writers and thinkers like Votaire and Goethe who in their day by the written word af fected the lives and thoughts of mil lions. There have been warlike and tyrannical kings and emperors who rueld over nations. But Gandhi beats them all. Still alive, still going strong, armed with neither a potent pen, a golden sceptre or powerful lethal weapon, he is enshrined in the hearts of the ma jority of the 350,000.000 brown people who seethe in the towns and villages and farms of the vast subcontinent of India. He has done it with the force of ideas. He has inflamed the imagi nation of his fellow countrymen, lie has imbued them with a passion ate longing to be masters in their own house. At a word from him countless thousands will declare a “hartal"— a national day of mourning—and lay down their tools. At a nod, they will declare a day of fasting. The man is strange, according to western conceptions. Capable of having earned large sums, he has given up all money making, lives in the barest of rooms—when not in jail—dines on fruit and vegetables and nuts and goat's milk and water—leads the life of the poorest of the poor, the humbl est of the humble, which he emblem izes with his spinning wheel with which one makes the cloth that clothes his body. HINDU BY RELIGION. BUT STUDENT OF JESUS A Hindu by birth and religion and caste, he disregards caste in his humane attitude towards the un touchables, combines the teachings of his holy books with those of Jesus and goes his way, turning the left cheek when the right is smitten. Never a profound student, he Is, Goitre Not a Disease Milwaukee Doctor Makes Remarkable Discovery Milwaukee, Wis. —lt has been brought to light by scientific research that goitre is not a disease and is not to be treated as such. Dr. A. A. Rock, Dept. A-5, Box 737, Milwaukee, Wis., a prominent goitre specialist for over 24 years, has perfected a different method of treatment for his patients that has proved remarkably success ful. This same method is now being used for a home treatment of goitre cases all over the country with aston ishing results. The doctor states that goitre Is a condition which grows worse with neglect and recommends immediate attention no matter how small the growth may appear. He strongly opposes needless operations. Dr. Rock is the author of a book that tells In a simple way about treating goitre at home. He has published this book at hfc own expense and will send a copy free to anyone Interested. Write him today.—Advertisement. THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1931 nevertheless, a keen admirer of the quietist books of Tolstoi, and brings Tolstoi's pacifist attitude into all his manners of life and thought. Claiming nothing for himself, he is, nevertheless, universally called Mahatma—“ Great Soul”—by the bulk of his people, is looked upon as a saint, and humble peasants will walk scores of miles merely to see him or touch the hem of his gar ments. By his words, by his leadership he has given such an impulsion to the brown millions that England’s recent action in granting to India the status of a self-governing dominion is clear ly the fruit of Gandhi’s labors; more his than all the others who have gone before or who have been his con temporaries and co-workers. And strange has been the ro mantic story of tliis man’s life. He was born in the little town of Porbunder in the Indian semi-inde pendent states of Kathiawar on the western side of India on October 2, 1869. His father and grandfather had been prime ministers and both had suffered exile because of their stout honesty and independence. The Gandhis were members of the Bania caste, therefore a grade lower than that of the Brahmins or priestly caste. They were at one time retail traders. They were neither rich nor poor. BETROTHED AT 7, AND MARRIED AT 13 The boy went to the local schools. He led the life of the ordinary young Hindu. At the age of 7 he was betrothed by his parents. Two of his destined child brides died. To the third he was married when he was 13. Gandhi has recorded that to him, at the time, this meant nothing more than the wearing of good clothes, drum beating, marriage processions, rich dinners and a strange girl to play with. In school he was an indifferent pupil. He had trouble in learning Sanskrit, the language in which the sacred books of his religion were written. He did not care for athletic games. He was a little coward, afraid of thieves, ghosts and ser pents. His greatest boyhood sin was, when led astray by one of his more rFed Always" Stiff (H^Achy? Kidney Disorders Are Too Serious to Ignore. Are you troubled with back ache, bladder irritations and getting up at night? Then don't take chances! Help, your kid neys at the first sign of disorder. I Use Doan's Pills. Successful for i more than 50 years. Endorsed \ by hundreds of thousands of K grateful users. Get Doan's to- Aday. Sold everywhere. B^JDo&jft lIMEs If /Km sophisticated school companions, he sneaked away to a lonely place and ate meat—some thing forbidden by his religion. He went to college and was not a success. His people concluded that the easiest way for him to make a success in the world was to study law. And the easiest place to get his necessary papers was England. His elder brother was willing to put up the money, but his religious mother feared for the lad’s soul. Someone had told her that young men got morally lost in England. But he satisfied her by taking a solemn vow to lead a life of celibacy in Eng land and never to drink wine nor eat meat. SAILS FOR ENGLAND TO STUDY LAW COURSE Gandhi sailed for England and settled down in London to read law. He wanted to know the things it was necessary to have to be an Eng lish gentleman. So he was Informed it was necessary for him to take les sons in dancing. French and elocu tion! He found it was impossible for him to achieve anything like rhythmic motion. So he bought a fiddle and tried to learn music. Finally, he gave up all these mundane things, gave up his boarding house, lived in a simple room where he cooked most of his own simple meals and managed to live on 31 cents a day. He had plenty of time to read oth er things than the law. At home, although a Hindu, he had no exten sive knowledge of the sacred books of his own religion. But in his fath er’s house he had met men, not only of his own faith, but Muslims, and Parsees. BIBLE GREATLY AFFECTS LIFE OF YOUNG HINDU Somebody gave him the Bible in* London. He picked up the Old Tes tament, read through Genesis and the rest put him to sleep. He picked up the New Testament and was wide awake. Jesus enthralled him. The Sermon on the Mount went straight to his heart. This reading was to bear fruit in later years. He was to attempt to live what the sages of his own religion and what Jesus preached. He was to be more Christian than many who called themselves so. Having been admitted to the bar in London, he returned to his home, for a time was a briefless barrister. There was a chance that he might lead the same kind of life and have the same kind of struggles that oth er young Hindu lawyers have in or der to make a living. GOES TO AFRICA AS UNKNOWN, SOON FAMOUS Then fate knocked at the door. This was in 1893, when he was 24. A firm of Indian merchants, who did busi ness in South Africa, had a lawsuit down there involving $200,000. They wanted him to go there and make himself useful. They would pay his fare and his keep and In addition SSOO. It was understood that he would stay in South Africa for a year. It was not much of a job and not much in the way of remuneration. But it was a start. It was something. He went for a year. He was to stay for 20. He went to fight a law suit. He stayed to fight the cause of his brown brothers. NEXT: Gandhi’s straggles for his people in South Africa .... A new leader of men rises on the horizon of history. Will Hear Talks on World War Tactics Grand Forks, N. D., March 12.— (JP) —United States army instructors were to outline tactics used successfully by French and English forces against German troops in the first battle of the Marne at Thursday morning’s session cf the National Guard offi cers’ school here. Colonel L. R. Baird, Bismarck, and Captain E. F. Boruski, Fargo, were to give the lectures. Staff maps, rec ords, reports and journals were to be discussed by Captain Boruski and Captain Matthew E. Tindall, Fargo, in the afternoon. The officers will be guests of the local “40 and 8” chapter and the chamber of commerce at a smoker Wednesday night. Your Dollar Buys More AT THE S&LCo STORE 316 MAIN AVENUE Specials for Fri. and Sat., Mar. 13-14 Ladies’ Jackettes Men’s Union Suits Crushed plush in colors of 3-season, spring-knit, with peach, tan (fr /» A(J long or short sleeves— or black ... 9v»«/D sizes 36 /JA^ to 46 OJ7C Curtain Netting Men’s Heavy 36 inches wide, in white, iVA ® n 8 “ eav * ecru or colored i 4 Sweaters designs, per yd. IttC Shaker knit with shawl collars, all colors and Children’s 25%0ff Bloomers Of fine sateen, in sizes 4 Colgate’s Tooth 29c Paste _ • Regular 25c size -I /» ~ , .w* • tube, now only JL OC Men’s and Boys Flannel Shirts Children’s Oxfords Warm serviceable shirts, “Star Brand*' genuine in tan, brown or green— leather oxfords, in sizes sizes 8 B*/* to 2, tffh to 17 O# C pair .. $1 •OS/ Special for Saturday Only “U. S. Standard" Enamelware—All sizes and shapes in pots and paps in cream color, with neat green bor ders—Every one stamped “Genuine"— aa choice at m«/C Tune in on KFYR Friday Noon at 12:15 for •Second Episode of “Adam and Eve," sponsored by The S. & L. Stores. DAIRY AND POULTRY COOPERATIVE GETS AID OF FARM BOARD North Dakota Included in 16 States Which Comprise Field of New Body Washington, March 12.—The Fed eral Farm Board today announced that it has recognized the Dairy and Poultry Cooperatives, Inc., as a re gional marketing association for the handling of dairy and poultry pro ducts. Sales activities of cooperatives operating in 16 states will be cen tralized through this new organiza tion with headquarters in Chicago. The member associations last year handled products valued at nearly $20,000,000.00 and represent approxi mately 100,000 producers located in Ohio, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, North Dakota, South Da kota, Wyoming, Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Illinois, lowa, Missouri, North Carolina and West Virginia. Plans for setting up the Dairy and Poultry Cooperatives, Inc., were out lined at a conference of cooperative representatives with W. F. Schilling, member, Federal Farm Board, In Chi cago, February 16, 1931. These were perfected and articles of incorpora tion and by-laws drafted at a second meeting in Washington, D. C., March 5 and 6. The new regional sales agency, with an authorized capital stock of $2,000,000.00 was Incorporated in Delaware on March 9. This is the sixth regional market ing association that has been recog nized by the Federal Farm Board for the marketing of manufactured dairy products and poultry products. Hie other associations are: Hie Land O’ Lakes Creameries, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn., a coopera tive organization representing about 140,000 producers In the Central Northwest. The United Dairymen’s Association, Inc., Seattle, Wash., a cooperative or ganization representing 12,000 dairy men in Washington and Idaho. The Interstate Associated Cream eries, Inc., Portland, Oregon, repre senting 7,500 producers in Oregon. The Challenge Cream and Butter Association, Los Angeles, Calif., rep resenting about 20,000 producers in California, Idaho, and Wyoming. National Cheese Producers Feder ation, Plymouth, Wis., representing about 15,000 producers in Wisconsin and Minnesota. These six associations represent co operative associations which have an estimated volume of butter produced of about 225,000,000 pounds in addi tion to large quantities of eggs, poul try, cheese and dairy by-products. Swiftest, Easiest Way To End Bilious Spell When you neglect those first symp toms of constipation—bad breath, coated tongue, listlessness, the whole system soon suffers. Appetite lags. Digestion slows up. You become headachy, dizzy, bilious. It’s easy to correct sluggish bowel action I Take a candy Cascaret to night. See how quickly—and plea santly—the bowels are activated. All the souring waste is gently propelled from the system. Regular and com plete bowel action is restored. Cascarets are made from pure cas cara, a substance which doctors agree actually strengthens bowel muscles. All drug stores have Cascarets. 10c. —Advertisement. M-P Tire Service 218 Fourth Phone 427 Monson A Free, Props. The Dairy and Poultry Cooperatives, Inc., represents the dairymen in the less intensive butter producing re gions. The Missouri Cooperative Creameries Association sent a tele gram to the organization meeting saying the new regional can expect to receive before the end of the year 10,000,000 pounds of butter from Missouri. 200 Chinese Thought Dead in Boat Mishap Shanghai, March 12.—(&)—'Two hundred persons were believed drowned when the heavily loaded Chinese passenger steamer Pa Chi blew up and sank in the Yangtse Kiflwg 70 miles from here Wednesday night. . . Among the 300 passengers aboard the vessel were a hundred Chinese soldiers who were thought to have thrown their cigarette stubs into the cargo, which was principally cotton. An explosion followed, spreading fire in the hold. Most of those on the boat jumped over the side where a revenue cruiser was able to pick up a few survivors. Laymen Will Decide Paternity of Child Chicago, March 12.— (/Ph- Scientific theories were flung overboard Thurs day with the announcement of Judge A. W. Summers that only the testi mony of lay witnesses would be used to decide the paternity of Maxine Entringer. Edward Entringer, Dell Rapids, S. D., seeks custody of the girl, declar ing she is his daughter. The grand mother, Mrs. Hannah Zwak, however, declares she is the daughter of a first husband, born while living with En tringer. The mother of the girl is missing. ... Graves of soldiers lost in fighting the Seminole Indians are to be marked in a long-forgotten cemetery at St. Augustine, Fla. Stout Women Learn Easy Way To Lose 20 Pounds of Fat Table Tells How Much Women and Girls Should Weigh If you’re fat—first re move the cause I KRUSCHEN SALTS is an ideal blend of 6 mineral salts your body organs, glands and nerves should possess to func tion properly. When your vital organs fail to per form their work correctly—your bowels and kidneys can’t throw off that waste material—before you realize It—you’re growing hideously fat. Take one half teaspoonful of KRU SCHEN SALTS in a glass of hot water every morning—In three weeks get on the scales and note how many pounds of fat have vanished. Notice also that you have gained in energy—your skin is clearer—your eyes sparkle with glorious health— you feel younger in body—keener in mind. KRUSCHEN will give any fat person a joyous surprise. Get an 85c bottle of KRUSCHEN SALTS from any leading druggist anywhere in America (lasts 4 weeks). Now la the time to start those hogs off right by giving them the proper feed to produce better quality pork for the least cost. University of Nebraska bulletin No. 226 says: “Crack ling-fed pigs made larger gains than those fed tankage and proved a very palatable supplement.” If your local dealer cannot supply you, write us for prices on quantities desired. “Northern” Horse Exchange & Rendering Company Office at Northern Hide A Fur Co. Bismarck, N. Dak. We offer our modern home suitable for large or small fu nerals at no additional cost. W. E. PERRY Funeral Director Phone 687 Bismarck, N. D. BOOK SALES Mtl EXPOSURE GLAnHED Say Men Used Name# of Ho© ver, Curtis and Cooling* in Graft Scheme New York, March 12—(/P)—The New York American Thursday said federal authorities had uncovered book-sell ing rackets in which the promoters had collected about $900,000 through the unauthorized use of the names of President Hoover, Vice President Curtis, Calvin Coolidge and other prominent persons. Among these others, the paper said, are Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes, Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, Al fred E. Smith, former Governor David W. Davis of Idaho, Senator Royal S. Copeland. Senator Robert Wagner and Cardinal Hayes. The American reported that As sistant Federal Attorney E. I. Aaanow raided a publishing firm, seized re cords and subpoenaed officials for questioning. United States Attorney Medalia was quoted as follows: “There is no doubt in my mind that! we have come upon a new kind of promotion scheme.” Letters of prominent men extolling Lincoln Memorial university, the Na tional Lincoln League and the Dis abled American Veterans were used by salesmen, it was said, to secure subscriptions to two sets of bookS 1 Tin der the guise that the money would go to these organizations. PREFER CANNED SALMON Ackland, New Zealand, March 12. (/P) —Surrounded with fresh fish, the natives of Yarotonga Island prefer canned salmon. They will work hard all day ashore for one can though a few minutes at the water would give them material for a square meal. lafcttTwKiiHallliiltbUbMiWt YfS SImM |||M| || gggj If this first bottle doesn’t convince you this is the easiest, safest and surest way to lose fat—if you don’t feel a superb improvement in health —so gloriously energetic—vigorously, alive—your money gladly returned. Note: When taking Kruschen for overweight you can reduce more swiftly by cutting out pastry and fatty meats—go light on potatoes, butter, cream and sugar. In two weks Mrs. M. C. Taylor of Lewisburg, W. Va„ reduced her weight from 175 to 159 Vi pounds— Her headache is no more and short ness of breath is gone—“ Thanks for such a good remedy,” she writes. Fin ney’s Drug Store, Service Drug Store, and Hall’s Drug Store know all about Kruschen.—Advertisement.