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Supply and Demand for Wheat Create a Problem All Over World
WS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES MICHT HELP GRAIN FARMER Farmers Have Raised More Than Can Be Used, But Many Still Go Hungry URGE LIMITED PRODUCTION Next World Wheat Conference Will Be Held in 1932, Prob ably in Canada London, April 21. (NEA) “Give lis this day our daily bread.” For 1,931 years this prayer has risen from the lips of all Christian peoples. And, in a lesser degree, from non- Christian folk as well. And the striking fact in the world of the present hour is that tne busy farmers of the grain-raising countries of the world have raised so much wheat that the supply exceeds the demand, although In many places on the globe thousands are hungry for lack of just this daily bread The wheat farmers of the United States. Canada, Australia, India and the Ar gentine cannot dispose ol all their supply. On the other hand, in a country like England, wheat is down 40 per cent compared with pre-war prices, while flour is 15 per cent abov* those prices, and bread 25 per cent above. Everywhere the wheat - producing countries are vastly troubled by the plight of their farmers and every where some solution is being sought Already three great international conferences have been held and two more of Importance are on the sched ule. There has been much eloquence, much production of figures—but so far nothing in the way of a solution has been found. Dannbian Nations Confer In the first place, some months ago the Danubian wheat-raising countries held a conference. It was stated that the combined debts of the small grain exporters of the Baltic states, Poland Hungary and the Balkan countries amounted to nearly a billion and a half dollars. These countries lived mainly by agriculture. Their confer ence wound up by an appeal to the other European countries to give them preferential treatment .n their purchase of grain. Next, a European conference was held at Paris under the indirect aus pices of the League of Nations. It really was part of the series of con ferences started by Aristide Briand, Foreign Minister of France, in his scheme for a United States of Europe. All European countries except Russia were represented. The plea of the Danubian conference was listened to. but it was at once objected that preferential treatment could not hbe given the Danubian countries. Be cause many of the European nations, in their commercial treaties with the world, had clauses for the most fa vored nation. Thus, if Belgium had such a clause in a treaty with the Ar gentine, it could not bar Argentine wheat for the benefit of Danubian wheat. The conference wound up by adopting some pious resolutions. Next, a conference was held at Rome under the auspices of the In ternational Institute of Agriculture an institution which grew out of the money, the dreams and the life-long work of an American, the late David Lubin. This conference was far more representative than the one in Paris, because not only was Russia heavily represented, but so were three of the four countries which account for about 90 per cent of the surplus wheat now in the market—Canada, Australia and the Argentine. The United States had an observer. As was caustically said—“ The American attended, but did not pay for his Limited Production Urged The Rome conference immediately showed the enormous diffculties to be encountered in seeking a remedy for a world situation. The French thesis . was stated by M. Masse, who said that dumping and similar evils could only be solved by limiting wheat produc tion, beginning by stabilizing it in the great producing countries. He was immediately put in his place when other delegates pointed out the insuperable difficulties of getting wheat countries to agree on a fixed program. Each would want the max imum allotment of acreage for its own country. M. Perez, representing the Argen tine, said one of the great troubles was that Russia was dumping in the world market wheat at a price lower than the cost of production, owing to its system of forced labor. Professor Kritzman, chief of the Bolshevik delegation, at once took up this chal lenge. He denied that there was forced labor on Russian wheat farms. He said wheat was suffering from a general world crisis. Coffee, sugar cotton, rubber were all in a bad way end nobody could say Russia was producing and dumping those prod ucts. Actually. Russia was exporting only about 50 per cent of what It did before the World War and only about one-tenth of its actual present crop Russia could not limit its production in view of its rapidly growing popula tion and also in view of the fact that by the sale of its wheat it secured the industrial products that it needed from other countries. Figures Reveal Situation Louis Dop, vice president of the In ternational Institute of Agriculture, gave the conference some actual fig ures. He said the needs of the wheat importing countries of Europe were some 100.000.000 quintals. The Denu bian countries could supply 0 per cent ■STICKERS annaanoeouca&i * Jjjj 1 * v.ffcM—> )» OMMar Mutton m JMNortal m» While broad acreages like these in the Sacramento Valley (above) and the Missouri Valley (below) gorge the world’s markets with wheat, statesmen of many countries ponder the increasingly difficult problem of surplus production. Howard Ferguson (upper left), Canada's High Commissioner to Great Britain, has sponsored a con ference of wheat-producing countries, to be held in London In May in an effort to obtain regulation of the wheat market and exports. of this. Added to this, what Russia could spare for sale would maze a to tal of 25 per cent of the needs, there remaining 75 per cent to be divided between the United States, Canada and Australia. The obvious idea ol presenting these figures was that the great wheat- producing countries should reduce their acreage and pro duction accordingly. Russia, Argen tine, Canada and Australia tnrough their delegates said this would be im possible. But one big thing did come out of the conference, sponsored by Howard. Ferguson, head of the Canadian dele gation. It was agreed that a confer ence of the wheat-exporting countries should be held in London on May 18 to try to reach an agreement for the regulation of the wheat market and wheat exports. The conference will be held under the chairmanship of Ferguson, who is the Canadain High Commissioner to Great Britain. The goal aimed at will be some sort of world wheat pool, participated in by the United States. Canada, Australia, Argentine and Russia. The main points of the agenda will be based upon five proposals by the Hungarian delegation to the Rome meeting: 1— That each exporting country create a body of experts to control ' ah- wheat exports. 2 That annual estimates of re quirements be reported to exoort ing countries. 3 That there shall be an Inter national commission to apportion quotas for each exporting coun try. 4 Exporting countries to agree to prevent any increase in wheat acreage. 5 Superfluous grain shall be used as fodder. May Confer in Canada The London conference will carry its decisions—whatever they may be— to the next world wheat congress to be held in 1932 and in all probability in Canada. The wheat question, among other agricultural problems, will also be tackled in still another conference tc begin June 5 at Prague in Czecnoslo vakia, when the 15th International Congress of Agriculture will hold its sessions. Ninety-two agricultural as sociations, representing 27 countries, will have delegates there. SENTENCED FOR NON-SUPPORT Fargo, N. D.. April 21. — UP) —L. L. Hanson, Cottonwood, Minn., found guilty m Cass county district court on a charge of non-support of his wife, was sentenced to two years in the state prison by Judge A. T. Cole. Sentence will be deferred on condi tion that Hanson support his wife. UUT UUK WAY Wheat Problem Becomes World Wide —A Series Explaining the Contract Bridge System— By WM. E. McKENNEY Secretary American Bridge League In our preceding articles we have explained the pitch count for valuing no trump hands. When this system is employed, it will be found that three points will average to take a trick. Of course you will note that a combined oount of 24 generally produces game and while we say that three ponts will average to take a trick, then a count of 24 should produce only eight tricks but our readers must remember that they are entitled always to count one trick for the play of the hand up to and including a game going declara tion. In other words, if there are five probable tricks in your hand and three in partner’s—that is eight prob able tricks which will, in the larger percentage of cases, produce nine tricks. It has often been stated that a dummy without a trick is at least two tricks worse off than a dummy with a possible in-card. The in-card will take a trick and will then allow the declarer to take a finesse which may assist him to establish his suit before opposition gets theirs established. The count system of valuing no trumps is perhaps the most popular system in the country today. While it is used entirely for valuing hands for no trump bidding in the quanti tative showing of tricks, our readers must not attempt to use the count system in valuing hands for suit bids which naturally are played under totally different conditions. Suit Bids When the quantitative showing of tricks system is being used, original suit bids should convey the following information to follower: 1— That your hand contains a cer tain number of probable tricks if the | hand is played at the suit declaration you name. 2 That your hand contains a cer BETTORS ARE TAXED ' A 10 per cent tax will be levied on all race track bets in Australia this year. It is estimated that the meas ure will net $10,000,000 a year to the government. WANT NEW SCHOOL Grand Porks, N. D., April 21.—(/P) The Grand Forks city commission will be presented Wednesday with a request by the board of education for a special bonding election May 12 THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE, TUESDAY. APRIL 21, 1931 D RIDGE tain number of high cards or quick tricks. The most important of the two re quirements for original suit bids are the quick tricks. This information is absolutely necessary to your partner in case he wishes to bid another suit and can therefore count on these high cards to assist his hand, or in case partner wishes to make a busi ness double. He will then know that your hand can be counted on ter take a certain number of tricks against the opponents. Another important reason is that supposing the opponents play the hand at no trump, he can feel rea sonably sure that there is a possibility of quickly establishing the suit that you originally bid, or he can make an advantageous lead against a suit dec laration. • Card valuation is always a matter of common sense and naturally the value of your hand will increase or decrease depending upon the bids of your opponents. When you open with a suit declara tion of one, you contract to take 6even tricks, but it is not expected that you take all of these tricks your self. Your hand is supposed to fur nish only four or five of the tricks contracted for. Supposing that your hand is likely to take four tricks. This will give you four probable tricks. There are nine tricks left to be dis tributed in the other three hands. With a normal distribution, your partner will hold three of these and if he holds three tricks and normal sup port in your trump, he is entitled to give you one raise as there is one trick allowed for the play of the hand. Quick tricks are high cards that can be depended upon to take a trick the first or second round. Probable tricks are long cards that can be counted on to take tricks. (Copyright, I*3l, NEA Service, Inc.) for a new junior high school build ing. The plea will be made as a re sult of action taken Monday night at a board meeting. The total of the proposed bond issue is $200,000. The new building would be ready for oc cupany by Feb. 1, 1932, and work would begin this summer. A Woodville, S. C., bank which closed its doors in January has been liquidated and depositors received 100 per cent. By Williams PEOPLE’S FORUM Editor'* Note.—The Tribune welcome* letter* ..On subjects of Interest. Letters dealing with controversial religious subjects, which attack indi viduals unfairly, or which offend good taste and fair play will be returned to the writers. All letters MUST bs signed. If you wish to us* a pseudonym, sign the pseudonym first and your own nami beneath It. We will respect such requests. We reserve the right to delete such parts of tetters as may ba neeeasary to conform to this policy. ON PUBLIC OWNERSHIP Bismarck, N. D., April 20, 1931. Editor, Tribune: Thinking the following article may be of interest to your readers I ask that you kindly give it space in your valuable paper. In submitting this exceedingly in teresting and instructive write-up for your consideration, I feel prompted to offer the following commentary: We are living in the machine age with its attendant problems of mass production; chains and mergers of huge corporations are the order of the day, all for the purpose of gain ing supremacy over competitors. The public is suspicious and coy of mon opoly. On the other hand, when the people demand state ownership in preference to private monopoly, some one will cry “Socialism, Communism!" This is the burning question con fronting our people today. Shall it be private monopoly or shall certain public utilities and all natural re sources be operated and owned by the governments? Mr. Mason's article gives the answer, as do the state own ed enterprises in North Dakota. Truly as President Hecht says, “it is all a matter of education." The article follows: • Great state owned enterprises operating successfully in New Orleans. Some facts concerning Louisiana’s activities closely paralleling those of North Dako ta. ♦ * * By NELSON A. MABON “Equal Opportunities to All; Special Privileges to None," in a nutshell summarises the plans, purposes and jiolicles of the Board of Commission ers of the Port of New Orleans, charged with the responsibility of ad ministering the affairs of public property valued at $100,000,000.00. Historical Background It was away back in 1890, in the days of “Gold Standard and Free Sil ver" that the legislature of the Com monwealth of Louisiana created a commission of five to handle the business of the Port. The law read: “They shall be empowered to and it shall be their duty to take care of and administer the public wharves of the Port of New Orleans, to construct ndw wharves where necessary and to erect sheds thereon, etc." Numerous acts, greatly increasing their powers, were subsequently passed. In 1910 a constitutional amendment was pro posed authorizing the Port'Commis sion to erect and operate Warehouses and other structures necessary to the. commerce of the Port of New Or leans, and granting the authority as continuing, so that the erecting of the first warehouses did not exhaust their power. The amendment became u part of the State Constitution in 1913. Upon the expiration of then existing leases the board commenced active administration of the Public Wharf System in May, 1914. Con struction of the Public Cotton Ware house commenced in January, 1915, and the plant started operations August 1 of the same year. Public Grain Elevator Construction of the great Public Grain Elevator was undertaken Aug ust 1, 1915, and the plant was form ally opened February 1, 1917, exactly 29 days after.the launching of the Nonpartisan League administration cn a similar program in North Dako ta. It is this enterprise with which we are particularly concerned. Situ ated at the apex of the great bend of the mightly Mississippi forming the contour of the “Crescent City” the gigantic terminal occupies a com manding position in what local boost ers call “America's Most Interesting City." This elevator has a storage capacity of 2,622,000 bushels, and is a facility open to railroads and shippers on equal terms to all. The plant is served by a wharf 2100 feet long, of fering five berths for shipping—one for the discharge of barges or ocean vessels at the marine leg, one for loading at the mechanical sacking plant and three for loading under the spouts. Unloading capacity of ele vator is 200,000 bushels a day from railroad cars, and 80,000 a day from barges or steamships. Loading into ships or barges is performed at the late of 100,000 bushels an hour. En tering the elevator,,which is of re inforced concrete and absolutely fire proof and free from accumulations of dust, one is impressed with the neat ness and order everywhere. The very basement is high, light and airy. Safety devices of most modem type prevail throughout the building. All weighing is done by licensed weighers and warehouse receipts, based on these weights are Issued. Grain is inspected both upon receipt and de livery. Financial A specific charge per bushel is made for each operation on grain handled, and a complete system of ac counting checks up on these charges in relation to wages and other oper ating costs, and should they fail to reconcile investigation 1s at once started to learn why. Superintendent Clarence Sear?, formerly of Baint Louis, is authority for the statement that the elevator has paid every year but one since it started operating,—that interest charges have been met and bonds are being retired. All such items as in surance, depreciation, workmen's compensation liability, general and local supervision, are charged up against the operating cost of this and each of the other Industries under the Dock Board’s supervision. The entire pert properties have been ac quired without taxation or public ap propriation of any character. The Stnyvesant Elevators In addition to this monster eleva tor, which has received from eight to forty-two millions of grain per year sidce its beginning, the Board also leases from the Illinois Central Rail way and operates two other export elevators of 1,800,000 and 1,500,000 bushels capacity respectively. Efficiency It is a pleasure tq record that a re cent survey by a prominent independ ent mechanical engineer lauds the ef ficiency of the plan and personnel Unpughout. The very landscape batches the eye and grips the atten tion. Green grass end flowers are on every hand, while two baseball diamonds, and a court: afford recreation after hours for the em ployes, of which there were about sixty in the main plant in this slack season. The bulk of the grain comes down from as far north as Kansas. After all perhaps an elevator is not so complicated, for, as the foreman said,'lt was mostly bins, belts, legs and spouts. The writer acknowledges indebtedness to Mr. Carl Glessow, executive general agent of the Board, Superintendent Sears and Foreman Cerise for the opportunity to inspect this wonderful plant and for the re ceipt of needful data. Fublic Cotton Warehouse The Public Cotton Warehouse, built at a cost of over $6,000,000 and offer ing 33 acres of covered warehouse space, just adjoining the grain eleva tor grounds, is the largest cotton warehouse in the United States. Stor age capacity is in excess of 400,000 high density bales, with concrete fire walls dividing each section, and there are gigantic compresses that reduce the original bales to less than half their former size for shipping. Like the elevator all machinery is elec-) trically operated. As many as 8,000 negotiable single bail warehouse re ceipts are issued daily in the busy season. Coal Tipple The Public Coal and Bulk Commod ity Handling Plant also adjoins the elevator property and has a storage capacity of 25,000 tons. Its hourly loading rate into vessels is 400 tons. While primarily designed for coal, much ore, sulphur, sand, gravel and stone are handled. Wharf The Dock Department during the year ending August 31, 1930, reports more than 15,000 vessels arriving at the Port of New Orleans. The ba nana conveyors unloaded 20,287,203 bunches of bananas and 29,048 of plantain from- 729 vessels. 64 ship loads of coffee brought the equivalent of every third cup of coffee drunk in the United States. That terminal alone, newly completed, cost (2,000,- 000.00. There is also a vegetable un loading plant. Besides the original facilities there have been constructed by the Board seven miles of modem wharves and six miles of steel transit sheds. These facilities are open on equal terms to all and are reached by the services of ten trunk railroad lines which enter the port and have access principally through the New Orleans Public Belt Line Railroad, a municipal body which operates in close cooperation with the Port Com mission. The present port limits un der the jurisdiction of the Board in clude a river frontage of 41.4 miles and an industrial canal frontage of 11 miles, leading to Lake Pontchar train. On this canal is a lock to al low for an approximately 15 foot drop from the river to the lake. Sites are leased for factory or other industrial purposes. A great fire-tug, The Deluge, protects the dock properties of the commission. There is also leased from the United States Gov ernment one of three Army Supply Base buildings "and from sub-leases a comfortable margin is obtained, and also has an option on the other bases when available. Insurance Department The Insurance Department of the Dock Board has accumulated a fund of $1,274,916.21 and last year’s profits exceeded $100,900.00. The Workmen’s Compensation fund is approximately $988,020.96. Financial Totals The total gain as result of the oper ation of utilities for 1929 amounted to $87,415.70 and for 1930 to $86,164.27. Total assets of the Board without reference to the lands occupied are $55,624,313.17. Its surplus is $6,362,- 025.32. What Other Ports Are Doing Public ownership and operation of docks is not new under the sun. In various forms the custom exists in many of the world’s largest ports in England, Germany and France. Deputy Head Tlbbitts of the Mar ine and Fisheries Department of the Dominion or Canada said: “My observation in tin experience of over a decade as an officer of the Canadian government supervising the affairs of its Harbor Commission has convinced me beyond question that public ownership and operation of port areas and facilities *is the most successful assurance of their proper development in the public in terest and I look on the conservation of harbor waters and frontage to the BE SURE YOU’RE RIGHT- public use as the most sacred duty of the country’s legislators.” Mr. W. S. Lincoln, president of the Port of Seattle, said: ■ “The water front of a great seaport is a priceless possession in the hands of those who control it. Such pos session enables its proprietors to levy tribute on every pound and item of outgoing and incoming commerce, moving to and from every comer of the world; hence the aggressive and ever insistent effort on the part of transportation companies and other profit-seeking corporations and inter ests to secure control of this valuable property.*'' is so far from North Da kota we are apt to overlook its pro gressive features. Even in the days of the lottery the act of a noble offi cial is recalled. Governor Nicholls while vetoing in 1890 the proposed constitutional amendment extending the State Lottery Charter took occa sion to say: “At no time and under no circum stances will I permit one of my hands to aid in degrading what the other was lost in seeking to uphold,—the Honpr of my Native State.” Attitude of Officials “But,” you ask, “Whit has been the attitude of those charged with the duty of administering these util ities?" President R. S. Hecht. speaking in x 925, for the full commission, said: “There have now been ten presi dents of this Port Commission, and as you well know, they have belonged to various political factions, and suc ceeding officials frequently differed with their predecessors ou many sub jects. But if someone would under take to get every ex-presldent of this Board into a meeting—and it is gratifying to be able to state that nine of the ten are alive and could respond to such a call—there would be at least one subject on which they could unanimously agree, and that is that the underlying principle of pub- Uo ownership and public control gov erning our port administration is as sound and right today as ever, and should not be changed.” Attitude of the Public “And,” a prominent official of the Commission was asked, “What is the public re-action?” “Fine,” he said, “It’s all a matter of education. It always pays to take the people into your confidence on public business.”—Respectfully sub mitted, 6. A. OLSNEBS, of Insurance. JUNIOR COLLEGES Bismarck, April 20. 1931. Editor, Tribune: In a recent issue of the Junior Col lege Journal there is an article en titled “Development of the Junior College in Iowa” by Clara Wallace. This article presents significant evi dence concerning the growth and status of the Junior college in lowa. It reveals that there are 28 junior colleges in lowa. The largest of these enrolls 138 students, and the smallest enrolls 14 students. The median en rollment is 47.5. Eight of the high schools in the systems of which these junior colleges are a part enroll less than three hun dred pupils, and twenty enroll less than five hundred pupils. Seven of the junior colleges are lo cated in cities of three thousand or less, And thirteen in cities of more than three thousand but less than six thousand. Hie rest are distributed among cities ranging from six thou sand up to between twenty-four thou sand and twenty-seven thousand. The writer makes the point that many of these junior colleges are too small and are located in cities of in sufficient size to properly support them. But as many of them are of relatively recent establishment, they will probably grow to become stable units.. “The junior college,” the ar ticle says, “is destined to affect pro foundly the organization of education in this country." I hope that some of this informa tion is of interest to Bismarck people, C. W. LEIFUR. INCUMBENTS REELECTED Grand Forks, N. D„ April 21.—(A0 Less than 150 votes were cast in the Grand Forks school election and P. M. Onstad. Charles Johnson, W. G. Bek and C. M. Sorbo were reelected. None of the candidates had opposi tion which accounted for the small ness of the vote. HIT, RUN DRIVER CONFESSES Sioux Falls, S. D., April 21.— (JP) — W. A. Coombs, proprietor of a lunch room, confessed, police said, that he was the hit-and-run driver sought in connection with the death of Rose Habeger, 33-year-old saleswoman. Coombs said he thought it was t minor accident so he did not stop. SLOPE SINGERS 70 APPEAR AT CHICAGO Practice Monday Night for Parts in Gigantic Presenta tion Next June More than 80 members cl the Young People’s Luther League from the Missouri Slope area gathered et the Trinity Lutheran church in Bis marck Monday night for a song ses< sion under the direction of Rev. Alvin A. Snesrud, Chicago. The singing was in the nature of a rehearsal for a gigantic choral enter prise which will reach fruition at Chicago June 17 to 31 at the sixth in ternational convention of the league. At that time 3,000 men will sing in a male chorus to be recruited from throughout the country. Rev. Snesrud. an organizer for the League, has been touring this part of the country, giving North Dakota singers instruction in the songs to be presented at Chicago in order that they may be properly prepared to do their part in making the great' en semble a success. More than 1,000 children will serve as an accompaniment to ths male chorus at the convention. Rev. Snes rud said. F. Melius Christiansen, di rector of the St. Olaf choir, will di rect the singers and will be assisted by Rev. Snesrud. The meeting of the delegates Mon day night was in charge of Rev. Opie S. Ringdahl. He was assisted by Rev. R. A. Oefstedal, of Valley City, who is touring the state with Rev. Snesrud- Practice of the delegates Monday consisted solely of sacred hymns. Numbers sung by the group were: “Nature’s Praise of God," Beethoven; “Prayer of Thanksgiving,” Kremser; “Easter Song," Fehrmann; “Christ mas Cradle Song," George Schu mann; and “O, Bread of My Life,” “O, Sacred Head,” and the “Reformation Cantata,” by Christianson. Following the choral practice the delegates were served with refresh ments by the Trinity Lutheran La dies’ Aid. Mrs. Steffen and Mrs. A. M. Omdahl were in charge of the lunch. , Rev. Snesrud has been iuest con ductor in Minot, Leeds. Mnyville, Grand Forks, Fargo and Hillsboro during the last week. He arrived here from Minot Monday night just in time to direct the choral practice. Delegates who attended the meet ing are: Mrs. O. E. Johnson, Mrs. J. A. Hyland, Mrs. O. C. Ellsngaon, Mrs. T. G. Plomasen, Mrs. L A. Acker. Mrs. S. W. Arman, Miss Josle A. Grinde, Mrs. C. Gunness, Mias Mar garets Crayche, Miss Rachel Johnson, Mrs. A. N. Ellingson, Miss Jeanette Myhre, Miss Edna Martinson, Mrs. Clifford Johnson, Miss Irene Lam bertus, Miss Mildred I. Hoff Miss Mathilda Welo, Miss Clara Ttom and Miss Dagny Aslakson, all of Bis marck; Mrs. O. O. Andvlk, Miss Jose phine Edmundson, Mrs. D. E. Korr, Miss Lorraine Estertey, Miss Norpna Peterson. Miss Viola Rotnim all of Mandan; Mrs. G. H. Plamann, Miss Edna Eggers, Miss Irene Lunde, Miss Aliva Tanberg, Miss Esther Uecker, and Miss Lydia Luhman, all of Dick inson; E. N. Hedahl, Myron H. An derson. A. N. Ellingson. Walter Ulmer. O. C. Ellingson, O. E. Johnson, Waldo L. Ellickson, Rev. Opie RindahL all of Bismarck; C. J. Fyiling, E. Lcppart, Harold C. Leppart, Arnold Larson. Earl Johnson. Clifford H. Fyiling, O. O. Andvik, all of Mandan; and G. H. Plamann, Dale Deroun, Walter Eggers. Henry Skatvold and Ralph Luhman all of Dickinson. SEVEN PERBONS HELD Fargo, N. D., April 21.—(ff)—Seven of nine persons held in connection with an alleged drinking party Sun day during which two men were severely wounded were being held in default of SI,OOO bond each by Judge Paul Paulson. i » One of the seven hills upon which Cincinnati is built is being levelled to make room for the new $42,000,000 railroad terminal. notice: to poliuthot.dbrs of TUB WESTERN MUTUAL LJFB INSURANCE COMPANY AND THE MIDWRST MUTUAL LIFJB INSUR ANCE COMPANY. AND TO WHOM IT MAY CONCBRNt You are hereby notified that the Western Mutual Life Insurance Com pany of Fargo, North Dakota, and the dldwest Mutual Life Insurance Com pany of Fargo, North Dakota, both being corporatiopa organised under the Taws of the State of North Da kota, engaged in the life insurance business under the laws of auch State, have filed with the Commissioner of Insurance of the State of North Da kota, a petition praying for an order to be issued by the Commissioner as provided for under the. provision* of Section 4891, Compiled Laws of North Dakota for 1418, authorising the con solidation of aald Western .Mutual Life Insurance Company with and transfer of all of the assets of said Western Mutual Life Insurance Com pany to the said Midwest Mutual Life Insurance Company and the said Western Mutual Life Insurance Com pany and the said Midwest Mutual Life Insurance Company have presented to the Commissioner of Insurance of the State of North Dakota a contact set ting forth the terms and conditions of suen proposed consolidation and pro viding: for reinsurance by the aaia Midwest Mutual Life Insurance Com pany of the Ufe Insurance policies is sued by the said Western Mutual Life Insurance Company, and Providing further that upon the ap proval of said merger the name of the Midwest Mutual Life Insurance Com pany shall be changed to Western Mu tual Life Insurance Company end the consolidated companies shall thence forth operate under the name of the Western Mutual Life Insurance Com- further notified that the 4th day of May, 1991. at 10 p’olock a. m. at the office of the Commissioner of Insurance of the State of North Da kota, in the city of Blsmarek, State of North Dakota, has bean fixed a* the time and placa for the hearing of aaid petition before a commission con sisting of tha Governor of the State of North Dakota, (or in the avent of hla Inability to act, aome combatant person resident of the Stats to be ap pointed by tha Oovarnor), tha Attor nay General and the Cammiaalonar of Inauranca of the Btate of North Da kota, and you are further notified that any policyholder of the aaid Weatern Mutual Life Insurance Com pany and the said Midwest Mutual Life Insurance Company mag appear before said Commission at the time and placa designated and be heard with reference to inch consolidation or reinsurance. 8. A. OLSNBSO, * Commissioner of Insurance. Dated this 7th day of ApriCliSl. 4/11-14-18-18-17-11-99-11-11-18-14-8I TAKBN UP One black horse weighing about 890 lbs., one brown mare weighing about 000 lbs. Owner may have same by peylnx property. Phone 9961. Bud Cook, 922 Ave. C.