Newspaper Page Text
Alfalfa and Other Feed Crops Are Increasing in Spring Wheat Area
REDUCTIONS OF 15 TO 30 PER CENT IN WHEAT PREDICTED More Land Being Left Idle in New Rockford, Williston, Minot Areas RAIN HAS BEEN INSUFFICIENT Seeding of All Grains Much Later and Planting of Corn Hasn't Begun From practically all points in the spring wheat area come report? that ;here is a general changing over to arger plantings of alfalfa anu other - feed crops, with reduction of 15 to 30 per cent in wheat acreage, the Farm ers’ Union Terminal association week ly report says. "In several other sections, accord ing to reports from New Rockford, Willis ton, Minot and other sections, more land being left idle or devoted to summer fallow than in many years," the review says. From Mon tana and western North Dakota come reports of larger acreages being de voted to flax. “Light rains which have b*en re ported in several parts of the spring wheat territory early this month have Deen insufficient to relieve the dry soil conditions and unless ficquent rains are received soon, spring wheat will have a poor start. Spring seed ing of wheat is pretty well comDleted out germination has been retarded by lack of rain and unseasonably cold weather. "From Minot comes the report that thousands of acres will not sprout un less moisture is received soon and that some farmers in Williams and Divide counties have stopped seeding and will save their seed unless mois ture comes soon. Dry conditions are reported throughout western North Dakota and most of Montana, though there are some sections where mois ture is sufficient to germinate seed. "From Sanish. Stanley, Plaza and other points in western North Dakota comes reports of dry conditions, though soil blowing has not been so serious as in April because winds have not been so strong. Conditions in northeastern and east central North Dakota remain fair, but the outlook is less favorable in the Jamestown, For man, LaMoure, Lisbon and Kulm areas than earlier in the season, as there has been very little moisture. "Seeding of all grains is much later than usual and corn planting has not started, with indications that It will be rather dangerously late. In south ern and southeastern North Dakota and northern South Dakota, where conditions were favorable eartfin the year, eontinued lack of moisture has resulted in dry topsoil and rain imme diately is essential to give the crops a fair start. Hay and pastutes still remain good in those sections, but all grains need moisture. Reports from Kulm. Forbes. Fessenden and Karnak in Novth Dakota say there is a crying need for rain. “Winter wheat has been badlv dam aged in parts of Montana with 50 per cent, of the acreage in Fergus county to be reseeded and 15 to 20 per cent in Cascade county. Sonic losses due to cutworms also are reported. Condi tion of livestock generally is gDod to excellent. “Crop conditions in Minnesota are more favorable than in other states with fair moisture condition reported in the southern part of the state. Soil conditions have been favorable in most of the Soo Line terrirory as far north as the Canadian border. In the Red river valley there is some complaint of lack of moisture, but the situation is not yet serious." News of Interest in N. D. Towns (By The Associated Press* McClusky. The BancNorthwest company of Minneapolis was success ful bidder for Sheridan county’s $15,- 000 bond issue, charging 4'i per cent interest and offering a premium of S2B. Hurdsfield.—The first of a se ries of 10 pre-school conferences in Wells county was held here Tuesday. Conferences will be held on nine successive days at Bre men. Heimdal, Heaton, Fessenden, Manfred, Sykeston, Cathay. Chaseley, and Harvey. Dr. May sill Williams and Miss Olive Lee, R. N. Division of Child-Hygiene, state department of public health, Bismarck, are conducting the ex aminations of children under school age. Linton.—Spring term of district court will open here May 19 with Judge William H.' Hutchinson of STICK, eft Little WiKe says, “If I Had twice m many hens as I now have, plus eight hens, 1 would have nine tunes as many at I started with. Or, if 1 had (our limes as many as I started with, plus the num ber that I now have, I would have ten times as many as I started with, less 16.” How many hens did he start with and how many has he now? it Solution on editorial Page) * 4:-:%] y BRIDGE —A Series Explaining the Contract Bridge System— By WM. E. McKENNEY Secretary American Bridge League In our previous article, we took up tne forcing two of a suit bid which is the powerhouse hand and informs partner that you expect to go game even though his hand is trickless. Quite often, however, we pick up a hand which is quite powerful, but not strong enough to make a two forcing bid with, but still requires only one trick from partner to go game. If we were to bid one, partner might pass as.he is required to have one and one-half tricks to keep one bids open. Hands of this type are handled in two w'ays: I—lf you have a hand containing four or five quick tricks distributed in four suits and only a four-card biddable suit, these hands may be opened with an original two no trump bid. They are too strong to open with cne in the four-card suit and still not strong enough to make a forcing two bid. therefore an original tw r o no trump bid shows a strong hand, all four suits stopped, and invites part ner to go to three no trump with one trick. 2—When we pick up a hand con taining a long major suit, and one in-card in partner's hand Is likely to produce game, these hands should be opened with an original suit bid < 1 three. An original suit bid of three advises partner: That trump support is not neces sary. That you do not have a no trump distribution. That you can go game with one trick In his hand. That you have at least two quick tricks on the side. E. g. Your hand contains Spades—B Hearts—Q-J-10-9-8-7-5 Jamestown presiding. Jurymen were impaneled Hebron. Joe Kaufman was elected president of the Hebron Oolf club at its organization meeting here. Sam Schierbaum was named vice president and Krauth, secretary - treasurer. Thirty members have joined the new club and work was begun on the course. Nettr England.—Emil O. Morstad, superintendent of schools at Stark weather the last six years, has been elected superintendent of the New England city schools. Fessenden.—Wells county's an nual play day and track and field events for school children was held here. Among schools par ticipating were Harvey, Fessen den. Bowdon, Heaton, Sykcston, Hurdsfield, Cathay. Marfred, Wellsburg. Helmdal. Haiv.berg, Emrtck, Hebron. Bremen, Chase lev. Bowman, Cottonwood ard St. Elizabeth. McClusky.—B. F. Lambert, Bis marck. was awarded the contract for graveling and regraveling approxi mately 30 miles of county road with a bid of $5,130. Hazelton.—Mrs. J. H. Wchlitz was elected president of the Ha zelton unit of the American Le gion Auxiliary at its regular monthly meeting here. Mrs. F. O Crouse was named vice president; Mrs. E. Hulsether, secretary and treasurer. Amidon.—Five play days were held throughout Slope county at Cash, Woodberry, Mound, Dovre and Ami don. Minnewaukan. W. Z. Zellmcr, Fessenden, was named comman der of the district council of the American Legion at a meeting here. Other officers are Carl Thompson, New Rockford, vice commander; Victor Thom. Good rich, adjutant and Harry Pea.'son, Kensal. finance officer. R J. Kamplin. state commander, and Mrs. James Morris. Bismarck, past department president >; the Auxiliary, spoke. Harvey. The Reimche Memorial hospital here, owned and operated by Dr. J. J. Seibel. has been sold to the Good Samaritan Society of the Evan gelical Lutherans. OUT OUR WAY Diamonds—A-K Clubs—A-Q-5 We can readily see that the hand must lose one spade trick, two heart tricks and possibly two club tricks— live losing tricks. But if partner has f.n in-card, we can take what may prove to be a successful club finesse, or we may be able to force a club lead up to the ace queen. In other words, with a holding of the above type, the bidding should be opened with three hearts, requesting partner to go to four even though he does not hold normal support, but has one entry into his hand. While it is quite true that If the club finesse falls we will be down one trick, the odds are in favor of the declarer. ORIGINAL SUIT BIDS OF THREE OF A MINOR An original bid of three In a minor . i uit from a lQve score is rarely made and is not recommended. There Is ro advantage in making an original three minor bid if it will not shut the opponents out if they have a strong major suit holding, and all it might do is to prevent partner from show ing a strong suit of his own which might lead to a game going declara tion in no trump. A three bid in a minor rarely comes in the preemptive class, and as long as you are going to pre-empt, you must pre-empt high enough to shut out your opponents, r.nd this rannot be done with a three minor suit bid. Of course, if you have a partial score and three or four of a minor will give you game, you would be justified in opening with three of a minor if your hand contained eight piobable tricks and at least a six card minor suit headed by ace, king, queen. (Copyright. 1931. NEA Service. Inc.) Thirty - six WOOL GROWERS AT SLOPE CONFERENCE Montana and South Dakota Men Principal Speakers at New England New r England, N. D., May 13.—(/P) — Wool marketing and the outlook for wool and lamb prices, preparation of wool for the highest market price, and the best methods in the manage ment of ewes before breeding were outstanding topics discussed here Tuesday at a meeting of wool growers from ix counties. Matt Staff, of Montana, and J. H. Lemmon, Lemmon, S. D., president and a director, respectively, of the National Cooperative Wool Market ing corporation, were the principal speakers before the meeting, which was called by County Agent Walter Sales, organizer and secretary pf thq New England wool pool. Sheep men from Slope, Bowman, Adams. Hettinger, Grant, and Stark counties attended the session which began Tuesday morning and con tinued through the afternoon with addresses by prominent wool men. The program was Interspersed with entertainment features. Assessment of sheep was discussed with speakers claiming that the ratio of sheep assessments is tooo high as compared to other stock and per sonal property. Pre-shearing loans or how to se cure advances through the wool pool at a low Interest rate was thoroughly explained as well as many points by Floyd Garfoot, New Eng land: Lerow Moomow. Dickinson; and Mr. Lemmon and Mr. Staff. f City-County News ! J. A. Solien, director of rural edu cation for the state department of public instruction, has left for Cava lier county to inspect new schools which have qualified for classification this year. He will return by way of Mayville where on Friday he will act as a judge at the Traill county play day. to be held there under the direc tion of the State Teachers’ college as a part of their program in rural teacher-training. ■* ** MEPOE.% ARE MADE-MOT BOOM x rv Wl THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 13, 1931 CAR FREIGHT RATES FOR N. D. POTATOES SAID UNREASONABLE Proposed Increases to Pojnts in Western Trunk Line Area Unjustified Washington, May 13.—(fl>)—Rates on potatoes, in carloads, from points in western Minnesota and eastern North Dakota to territory east of the Misr sissippl river have been found unrea sonable by'the Interstate Commerce commission and a new basis of rates prescribed. At the same time the commission held rates from the Red River \fydley district in Minnesota and North Da kota were not unreasonable but were prejudicial In part. Modification was ordered. Proposed rate increases on potatoes from North and South Dakota. Min nesota, and Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan to points In western trunk line territory and points east of the Mississippi were held unjustified. These proposed schedules were suspended. The commission found rates from the Red River valley and adjacent potato producing points were unduly prejudicial In comparison with those from the Cambridge group and the following rates for the future were prescribed: To points In western trunk line territory, rates based on 27.5 per cent of corresponding through first class rates, subject to certain modifications. To points north of the Potomac and Ohio rivers and east of the Missis sippi, including Chicago and St. Louis, rates from the Cambridge group would be based on 27.5 per cent of the cor responding through first class rates from Cambridge, Minn.; and the fol lowing rates from other producing points related thereto: from the Wau paca group, six cents under Cam bridge; from the Red River valley, including points north of a lino through Fairmont, N. D., and Camp bell. Fergus Falls, Vergas, and Walker, Minn., and south of a line through Vance and Gardner, N. D., and Hen drum, Fertile and Wager, Minn., seven cents; from the Red River valley north of the other group and south of a line through Gilby and Levant, N. D., and Argylc, and New Foulden, I Minn., 10 cents, and from points in the Red River valley north of the second group 13 cents over Cam bridge; from the territory between the Cambridge group and the Red River valley, four cents. Second Attempt to Wreck Train Fails Butte, Mont., May 13.—(AV-’The second attempt within two weeks to wreck a passenger train near Butte failed Monday night when an ex plosion under the rails of the Oregon short line track lacktd sufficient force to cause damage. The first attempt was in placing timber across the Great Northern track. The engine crew saw the ob struction and halted the train with out damage. Crossing watchmen heard the ex plosion Monday night and notified the sheriff’s office. Officers give rob bery as the motive for both attempts. Monday night's explosion occurred about 11 p. m. A train was due from Salt Lake City at 4:05 a. m. Benson County Named For Early Legislator Editor's Note: This following article is another of a daily series on the history of North Dakota counties. (By The Associated Press) Benson—lt perpetuates the name of B. W. Benson, a member of the ter ritorial legislature in 1883. the year in which the county was organized. Formed oyt of parts of Ramsey and what was once De Smet county, the boundaries were changed in 1885 and 1887. It is of irregular shape owing to the shore line of Devils Lake on the East. Fruit trees of the smaller var ! ieties thrive well, and the larger eastern varieties, especially apples have met with success. Minncwaukan i is the county seat. By Williams V. cTv. DP c- «- J’RWttLIAMc, S •'» PEOPLE’S FORUM Editor's Note.—The Tribune welcomes letters on subjects of Interest. Letters dealing wltb controversial religious subjects, which attack Indi viduals unfairly, or which offend good taste and fair play will be returned to the writers. All letters MUST bo signed. If you wish to use a pseudonym, sign tne pseudonym first and your own name beneath it. We will respect such requests. We reserve the right to delete such parte of letters as may be necessary to conform to this policy. COMMENDATION WITH A KICK May 12, 1931. Editor, Tribune: The Association of Commerce and The Tribune are to be commended for sponsoring and giving such excel lent publicity to the Spring Clean-up Campaign. This campaign has had a marked effect upon the appearance of our city and has engendered a friendly spirit of rivalry among neighbors as to who keeps his pre mises in the best and cleanest condi tion. There are, however, two places In the heart of our city that are littered with rubbish and I am amazed at the failure of the owners or custodians of these places to clean them up. I refer to the .vacant space on Fourth street, between the bank and Quan rud’s, across the street from the Grand Pacific hotel, and the space back of the sign boards, visible from the alley. Both of these spaces are littered with rubbish of various sorts and should be cleaned up immediate ly. They are both “eye sores” and are seen daily by hundreds of people in cluding out-of-town visitors. Perhaps you can bring this matter to the attention of the proper parties to the end that the places will be cleaned up and kept that way. A CITIZEN. PROSPECTS FOR LIGNITE May H, 1931 Editor, Tribune: Some time ago, I saw a copy of an editorial that you published. This was in the Minneapolis Tribune. I thought it might prove interestng to you to know some of the recent de velopments in lignite coal briquetting. During the last five years, I have done considerable research work along this line, and have finally developed a process that will handle lignite or other high volatile coals, producing a briquet that Is equal to any of the briquets on the market at the present time. By means of this process, we take out a portion of the volatile, but do not produce the usual by-products that are proving so difficult to sell. The oils taken out are used with the binder. We are now erecting here a com plete pilot plant with a capacity of about two tons per hour, that will operate in exactly the same manner as a large plant, the only difference being in the size of the units. A plant of a capacity of 12% tons per hour, under ordinary cohdltlons, can be erected for approximately $70,000. This will produce a briquet from N. D. lignite having a moisture content of about 5% and should have about 12000 B. T. Us. This briquet will store indefinitely, being aterproof. The cost of manu facture Is most reasonable. If you care to have It, I would be pleased to furnish you further information. My only object In writing this let ter is informing you of the progress wc arc making in this line. R. E. WILLARD. Consulting Engineer. SEES INTEREST AS HARMFUL Bismarck. N. D., May 12. 1931. Editor, Tribune; In your issue for the 7th tnst. you had an editorial entitled “Two View's on Interest.” The suggestions as well .<<%%**. v A technical explanation would probably bora jßlj~ yo**» but you can take our word for this: A pure ■• soa P* made f rom vegetable and nut oils , is (ho ■|m IV ITB 't^y / \\ I gentlest* kindest , yet most effective soap that ■ m wm\ I can be P roduced ‘ ■ |fl| \ I And White King Granulated Soap is made washes everything. And it’s economical— a tea spoonful for the wash basin, a cupful for the washing machine. Even less in soft-water dis- by your dealer. as your discussion of it are of wide interest, and especially so to me. Is It not generally acknowledged this nation’s wealth, which Is repre sented by money, is being concen trated in fewer hands all the time (4 per cent of the people owning 80 per cent of the wealth) and that this is deemed a menace? The Interest system is certainly the greatest If not the sole factor in bringing this about. Townley is not the only one who views interest with alarm. I am re liably informed that such men as Ford and Edison, with thousands of others, regard interest as undesirable. You say “Every person who uses common sense will agree with the Wall Street baron’s (Baker’s) view.” True, some farmers have built small fortunes on a basis of borrowed cap ital. Why? For the same reason that the Bakers, the Pierpont-Mor gans and other barons did—by spec ulation made possible by credit. But w T hat about the farmers who rely solely on their labor production? Would you say there is a chance that if everybody were equally smart in using borrowed capital and paid in terest for it, they would all reap such profits? If so, who would pay the interest and to whom? No. all such profits made by reason of interest are made at somebody else’s expense and that somebody else is the millions of actual laborers on the farms, in the mines and factories and on the seas, who are the only producers of real wealth. True also, great things have been accomplished by pooling effort and credit, whether it be done after the manner of ancient kings, emperors or other autocratic masters, with power to draft and command hosts of serfs to do the work. As example we have the hanging gardens of Babylon, the great pyramids of Egypt, the great Roman highways which are yet in evidence, the marvelous cathe drals of Europe and the temples of the Orient, etc. Great things are no doubt achieved today in Italy under Fascism, as well as in Russia under the cruel soviet system. Great things are also achieved under American capitalism. The skyscrapers would be impossible without it. Capitalism rests on the interest system. Which of those systems is the most cruel and most efficient is the big question, that agitates statesmen and thinkers of the present day. As for the com mon man (the 95 per cent), It makes little difference. A year ago your paper published the report of David L. Wickens, fi nancial and economic expert, showing the mortgage indebtedness against the farmers of the whole United States. In this report North Dakota was listed with an incumbrance of $230,000,000.00. Assuming that this debt draws 7 per cent interest, we have the stupendous amount of $16,- 100,000.00, most of which goes to the eastern capitalists. You admit that Interest entails abusive practices and I agree with you. Will anyone with common sense believe for a minute that our present farm population will ever be able to pay this enormous debt with interest, at the present prices on farm products? If not, what would be the result? Either repudiation of the debt or complete surrender of holdings to the creditors —Wall Street barons with Baker’s view on interest. From what I have been able to glean from the press, A. C. Townley’s proposition Is a three year moratori um on interest, the theory being that this would enable the farmer to catch up at it were, assuming that if agri cultural conditions improve he may be eventually able to pay the princi pal. Maybe his idea is not so crazy after all. Moratorium was granted during the war, done as an emergency measure even by the capitalists them selves. If there ever was an emer gency it is now as far as the fanner is concerned. The capitalism perch is high yet, but it Is on trial right now. Suppose that the farmers of this country never could meet their obligations and the land should be taken over by the creditors, a cataclysm which seems inevitable, then what? Conx>ration farming? The Baker view on inter est would prevail over the Townley view. We should then have a landed aristocracy as in Russia before the revolution. But where docs our boasted American democracy come in? Hov' long would the American people endure such a state of affairs? With the spectre of over-production and without any prospect of farm re lief through debenture or McNary- Haugen principles. It may be that the Frazier Farm Funding bill (for re duction of Interest to 4 per cent on the amortization plan) or the Town ley proposed moratorium are the only possible solutions offered yet. S. A. OLSNESS. • 110 Ex-Servicemen at Bottineau Meeting Bottineau, N. D., May 13. —\ AP) —One hundred and ten ex-service men at tended the annual district mooting here of the American Legion. State Commander R. J. Kamplin. Bismarck: State Adjutant Jack Williams, Fargo; Veterans Service Commissioner T. O. Kraabel, Fargo; and District Deputy Coffman. Devils Lake, addressed the gathering. Among towns represented were Westhope. Willow City. Dun seith. Bisbee. Newburg. Souris. Kram er, Carbury, Antler, Overly. Omemee and Landa. * Oklahoma City, in organized base ball for 25 j-ears. has won but two pennants. Castoria... For CHILDREN’S ailments Are you prepared to render first aid and quick comfort the moment your youngster has an upset of any sort? Could you do the right thing —immediately—though the emer gency came without warning— perhaps tonight? Castoria is a mother’s standby at such times. There is nothing like it in emergen cies, and nothing better for every day use. For a sudden attack of colic, or for the gentle relief of constipation; to allay a feverish spell, or to soothe a fretful baby that can’t sleep. This pure vege table preparation is always ready to ease an ailing youngster. It is just as harmless as the recipe on the wrapper reads. I f you see Chas. H. Fletcher’s signature, it is geniune UNIVERSITY CAMPUS WAS VIRTUAL ‘CAT Professor Recalls When Draft* ed Men Were Sent to Forke for Training Grand Forks, N. D., May 13.—'The slow sagging-in of an old mine drift on the outskirts of the campus at the University of North Dakota, recalls to E. F. Chandler, dean of the col lege of engineering, the time when the mine shaft was built during the summer and fall of 1918 when the campus was virtually a military camp. Companies of drafted men were f.ent to the university for special training in wireless telegraphy, con crete, blacksmithlng, auto mechanics, carpentry, and mining for a two months period. Although the men lived under military supervision they tpent seven hours every day In the above class work. A series of mine shafts were dug and underground tunnels were exca vated to connect them, Dean Chand ler said. Six shafts were dug, but only four were connected as the Armistice was signed and the shafts v ere abandoned. This drift or tunnel was 80 feet long with a cross tunnel of 40 feet, 4 feet wide and 6 feet high. If the military camp had been held longer on the campus an elaborate series of labyrinths would have been built. Dean Chandler said. By work ing in shafts, the men learned meth ods of lumbering and installing satis factory ventilation systems for mili tary mines. At present the old shaft Is used by engineering students when they re ceive special trailing in first aid and rescue work. Every two years, the U. S. bureau of mines sends out a rescue car with officials to give spe cial instruction to engineers on how to conduct rescue work in mines. Some of the students act as victims (aught in a mine trap while others (quipped with gas masks, oxygen tanks and rescue equipment release ♦he victims from their imprisonment. l.'ll BaaSBfIDBBB iten. v j igjgllrß j J|l| Castoria. It is harmless .to the smallest infant; doctors will tell you so. You can tell from the formula on the wrapper how mild it is, and how good for little systems. But continue with Castoria until a rJiilH is grown.