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Over-Production and Competition Blamed for Agriculture Plight
WORLD LEADERS SAY REDUCTION OF CROPS MAY SOLVE PROBLEM Chicago Banker Says Too Few Farmers Raise Enough for Their Own Use COMPETITION ON INCREASE ‘Pigs, Chickens Worth More to Farmer Than All Relief,* Traylor Says Washington, May 14. <NEA)— American farmers learned from the International Chamber of Commerce congress that the captains of the ■world’s industry and finance arc really interested in their plight and that the state of American agricul ture is closely paralleled by that of agriculture abroad. Agriculture went on Mie program for the first time. Everyone agreed that agriculture and other raw ma terial producers shared with indus try the credit for bringing about the great depression and that in both cases the trouble was overcapacity and overproduction. Aside from this recognition our farmers, told what was hapt>ening to them and their foreign brethren, received no particular encourage ment. American farmers. esp“cially, seem to be at bat with two strikes called against them. Competition Increases The relative importance of food shrinks as civilization becomes more complex and living standards rise, ac cording ta one of several propositions made by former Dean H. L. Russell of the University of Wisconsin's col lege of agriculture. People still eat only three meals a day. Meanwhile, as birth rates in nearly all civilized countries increase, agriculture con stantly expands. Past quick transportation for food supplies all over the world bring products from afar off into direct competition with home grown sup plies of consuming areas, Russell pointed out. “The difference in economic level of production, due to cost of land, labor and the like, place America at a decided disadvantage in meeting world competition,’’ he explained. New Zealand farmers. Russell went on had grass lands available the year around and almost no expense for dairy housing and shelter which in northern United States Imposes a capital investment of S2OO to per animal. With milking machines a New Zealand farmer and his boy can handle 60 or 75 cows. And there’s a terrible sock at our foreign dairy markets. Too Much Wheat The wheat situation, according to Russell, is primarily due to enormous expansion of acreage in all countries where cheap land could be bought into use during the war. Huge ex pansions were made in Australia, Ar gentine, Canada and the United States. Farmers acted like manufac turers who doubled or trebled their plants for rush business: they mechanized the grain industry, too, further adding to surplus. To save paying out gold, European nations, especially in post-war years, have been making every effort to in crease their own food supplies and buy less from America and other ex porters. Now Russia comes along Pigs and chickens and cows are worth more to the indiv.dual farmer than all the government relief measures that may possibly be devised. —MELVIN A. TRAYLOR Chicago banker. with limitless possibilities for wheat expansion and plenty of indication that she will take advantage of them. Already Russia has undersold Amer ican cotton in the Manchester mar ket; she expects to lead the world market as a buyer next year. Pre war Russia imported between 300,000 to 900,000 bales of cotton a /ear, of which we supplied more than half. Now she has increased her cot ton production from 41.000 bales in 1921 to an estimated 3,500,000 bales in 1931. Consumption Drop* Then there is the factor of reduced consumption, especially of cereals, in Europe as well as America. Calories in pre-war diets were much more numerous. Among countries using tariffs in the effort to grow their own food Germany has a duty of $1.62 a bushel —more than twice the world market price and France has raised its wheat duty 400 per cent in four years. Russell says world agriculture’s obvious problem is to reduce produc tion to existing need but that compet ing countries will not restrict acreage unless under an effective internation al agreement. At the recent interna tional grain conference in Rome Soviet Russia flatly refused to accede to any agreement for acreage restric tion. There is one remedy American farmers can apply which will start them on the way to making a com fortable livelihood, said President Melvin A. Traylor of Chicago's First National Bank. Farmer Can Save Self “When we find that on about 20 per cent of our farms there Lt not a milch cow or a chicken, that on more than 30 per cent not a hog and on nbout 90 per cent not a sheep, when we know that on many of our large farms no gardens are kept and almost JTKKfiM id' ’l MISS SIS s * y -14 'XP ■ * •• * * * ‘ sfcisii' Plikr Solution on Editorial Page) . By, twitching the Utter* m die above 'omteneo around and turning tome eft dm upudedown, you can make them 9*l me word. V w ‘Lsrsr Imm TFSTSI TO "u c l ti^' th “ b — ta -«« Sr, by and ■““not'Sg . * ,LLfIUCI ICOIO IU P»w«- JJJUtaJ to opera.* each “he should Aa far possible every DC Ml DC 1 AN Ql ADP “* demonstrated durtas tl eTfter'l Db IWAUb UN bLUrb iruea'and 1 “ran' .h “frua°a“d* vege- County Agenta and Agricultural ™ce^ n f?Jli h \ndSchS “a? SFSZZ Shir,am. j College t, Cooperate in Sum- SJST* SSmerfallow Experiment Fargo. N. 0,-55- 14.—Field ope worth more to the individual farmer ; rations for the initial cultivation of Carson and Joe Svmonoski farm’ than all the government relief meas-;summer fallow, comparing plowed Elgin- Hettinger May 20 N F Swin ures that may possibly be devised.- and plow less methods, will be demon- dler farm Motf’ Slope and Hettineer strated at a series of one-day field counties. May 21, Chris Nelson farm. Railroads Announce ! !i ag 0 e f J? w J Sngland: Adams counL >’- May r> j a* • r> 4 IL^L 0 * tle Missouri Slope area May 22. Elmer Erickson farm. Hettinger; Reductions m Rates 18 -“6. announces E. G. Booth, exten-. Bowman. May 23. George Olson farm sion service agronomist of North Da- Bowman; Golden Valley. May 25! San Francisco, May 14.—(/Pi —The kota Agricultural college. The de- Howard Wenberg farm. Beach; and' lowest railroad fares from the Pacific nionstrations will be held in seven McKenzie, May 26, Eide Bros. farm. Coast to eastern points in 15 years counties under the direction of local Arnegard. will go into effect July 1 for a four- county agents, months period. Similar reductions were announced by railroads serving the Pacific north west. SOVIET UNCOVERS CONSPIRACY Moscow, May 14.—f/P> —The Soviet secret police Ogpu announced Wed nesday they had discovered a strong sabotage conspiracy among railroad men to disorganize the transport in dustry. Forty-six arrests were made. -a OUT OUR WAY By Williams ZX. / X SAiD,vyine»a X CAUJEo\ /T . OP-IVVAViTfO MAKS A \ / # Fo*? t \ _J COMPLAiMf AGAiM%T M»Y | / AVI OFF! VTfe \ Aim/'JJ MEKT OOOC? NE»6rtBORS. / J A VERV ' -HP nWvie cor _ I OMlUeiPt HOO&e AMO, ) yRI&MT IMEMty __ :} \ lM€>Tfe#\o OF CIFAKIIMGr HOO&t,/ fk —*y- _ i ! \ Tats MOviE. OFTfeM, ©oT / i <7 FiD f\~ , * o‘.<7.'NiU,m-s,' :=> " i. wmtwT.orr OHt DPiMuT. eimrminweuie. r-N ERV H E R. M E T* Now a great step forward in electric refrigeration—the new Servel Hermetic —so simpli fied that it requires fewer mov ing parts than other electric refrigerators. Servel engineers have eliminated the moving parts that so often caused trouble—and sealed the simplified operating unit per manently to end kitchen repairs and replacement of parts. Complete showing of beautiful, graceful cabinets —so compact that they save valuable floor space, yet they have more usable shelf space. Low prices and generous terms. All models covered by broad factory guarantee. $178.00 AND UP—INSTALLED o fk« phantom viow thowitho highly linpliUtd, mo lad working unit of tho Sorvol Hormotk Bowman Furniture Company Phone 100 'oVAEDDIM "Actual tillage operations will be completed on a 30-to-50-acre field, using the plow, tandem disk, duck foot cultivator and one-way disk plow or cultivator,” Booth says. “Fields arc divided into four parts, each quar ter to be worked the initial time by one or more of the machines men tioned. During the remainder of the season, the whole field will be culti vated to control weeds and be seeded uniformly in 1932 to compare the val- 1 WiiS> via. see the n • COME IN TODAY • THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE. THURSDAY. MAY 14, 1931 QUICK FACTS' Hermetically sealed refrigerat- ing unit. No kitchen repairs er intricate adjustments. Fewer moving parts. Costs considerably less to operate. Handy Temperature Control for fast freeiing. atSSSK&r cause Leroy Moomaw, superintendent of the Dickinson substation; C. H. Plath, superintendent of the Hettinger sub station; C. L. Hamilton, extension engineer of the agricultural college; and Booth will arsist County Agents Theodore Martell, Grant; Walter Sales. Hettinger: Floyd Garfoot, Slope; Ray Harding, Adams; R. L. Olson. Bowman: J. C. Russell, Gold en Valley, and Earl Hendrickson, Mc- Kenzie county, in holding the pro grams. simplest electric refrigerator ever produced Quietest electric refrigerator. More, usable shelf space. Flat, usable top (unit inside the base). beautiful, graceful, compact tabinets. Lew prices—generous terms. Covered by broad factory guarantee. Bismarck, N. Dak. —A Scfries Explaining the Contract Bridge System— By WM. E. McKENNEY Secretary American Bridge League The principle involved in pre-emp tive bids is that-they are made for the purpose of preventing the op ponents from reaching a correct game-going declaration, especially when your hand contains a long trump suit and no defensive strength, therefore it naturally follows that pre-emptive bids must be high enough to shut out the opponents. While some authorities favor pre emptive bids of three in a major and four in a minor, most of them under the straight forcing system, agree that the original three bid, as out lined in our previous article, has more value when used in that manner than for pre-emptive purposes. Pre-emptive bids should not be made on hands that contain defen sive strength even though you have a long trump suit. It is better to start the bidding on those types of hands low in the hope of being doubled, especially when you have enough defensive strength to stop the opponents from going game. There fore, all original bids of four in a suit are classed as pre-emptive bids. They guarantee a long, strong trump suit, but little or no defensive strength. They are made on hands that contain eight probable tricks and partner must remember that with no addi tional values in his hand the original bidder expects to go down two tricks as he Is advertising an overbid. If partner opens with an original youi QjftMHJ Op fife !! * Don’t Rasp Your Throat With Harsh Irritants •MW VOMC, !*• *T?^?* * 1 Including the use of Ultra Violet Rays Sunshine Mellows—Heat Purifies Your Throe* Protection —against irritation—against ceuah BRIDGE four bid, you should not deny this pre-emptive bid unless you are quite sure that your hand will take at least nine tricks. When partner opens with a pre-emptive four bid and is overcalled by opponents, you may in crease partner's pre-emptive bid with one quick trick as it will make a good sacrifice bid and you would still be down only two tricks. With two quick tricks and the op ponents force you to bid six, you can still expect to go down only two tricks for a good sacrifice. Pre-emptive bids should never be made with a hand containing less than a strong six-card trump suit— preferably seven. Minor suits should be even stronger as in most cases the only successful minor suit pre-emp tive bid is one of five. The beginner at contract Is more or less apt to abuse pre-emptive bids. Remember that the expert uses them very seldom—there is usually a better bid in the hand. Don’t shut your partner out just because you have a long trump suit There may be a better declaration for the combined 26 cards. (Copyright, 1931, NEA Service, Inc.) STEEL WORKERS STRIKE Mansfield, 0., May 14.— (IP)— More than 500 workers employed on the night shift of the Empire Steel plant walked out early Wednesday, joining 1,000 other employes who went on strike Tuesday as a result of a 15 per cent wage reduction. It’s toasted" Hope to Bring Boys Back to Jamestown Jamestown, N. D., May 14.— (/F) — Russell D. Chase, state’s attorney of Stutsman county, Wednesday made application to have Merrill Augsper ger, Gay Murphy and Edwin Jessen, all Jamestown youths, extradited from Mexico. They are being held by Mexican I NOTICE! I I All persons owing the F. H. Carpen- I ter Lumber company are requested to ■ ■ make immediate payment. I I AH accounts and notes now due still I I unpaid May 30th will be turned over H I to an attorney for collection. ■ I F. H. Carpenter Lumber Co. I authorities at Juarez on charges ot illegal entry Into that country carry ing firearms, and Mr. Chase has made application to have the youths turned over to W. J. Blocker, American con sul at El Paso, Texas. Word from Mr. Blocker Wednesday said that the car which the boys were driving was being held at Juares and that it would be turned over to North Dakota authorities upon Mr. Chase's request.