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T. L. Chadbourne
NEW YORK ATTORNEY TO ATTEND MEETING WITH FARM LEADERS Is Author of International Sugar Control System Adopted Recently IS FACING NEW PROBLEMS 'ndividuals Signed Sugar Pact; Governments Must Accept Grain Plan Washington, May 15. </H) lf Thomas L. Chadbourne. author of the world sugar control plan, is to show the international SI wheat conference different working gates from surplus wheat producing countries, built the sugar pact on tucmas cuadbournc principles of the European “cartel" —a trada agreement between private interests. It will be signed by individuals and executed by them. The wheat conference seeks international control by government. In sugar, as in any other commod ity monopolized by well organized groups, observers explain that it is comparatively simple to enforce a program of export and pioduc tion control. It is their orivate property and they can do with it as they please. Sympathetic govern ments may lend their encouragement or even write the trade agreement into law. Wheat is produced by millions of farmers acting, for the most part, as independent units and it is exported in the same way by hundreds of firms which compete with each otner as well as with foreigners. Obviously no wheat cartel could be organized un less all the what in all the countries were controlled through a single agency in each country or by closely allied groups. Russia alone could control wheat exports and production, but Russia's announced intentions are contrary to cooperation with the rest of the world. Neither the farm board nor the Ca nadian wheat pool control sufficient volumes and there is no central mar keting agency in India, Australia or Argentina. With the.cartel out of the question, observers 'say, the conference and its advisers must look to some other type of control if exports are to be regu lated and production reduced It is agreed that governments hardly will pass laws to encumber private enter prise's free operation of its own prop erty. Certainly the present confer ence is not expected to undertake that and at present there is no indication that wheat will become the subject of a diplomatic conference. There is one high light in the pic ture of international wheat control. The grain which goes into export is bought and paid for by private in terests and whether the governments may undertake to limit the number of operators or limit the size of their operations is a question which must await the recommendations of the conference. Warns Against Neglect Of Chickens in Spring “Don't neglect the old birds now that the chick season is here,” cau tions P. E. Moore, poultry man of the state extension service. “Keep them comfortable by complete feeding and continual cleaning of their quarters," he advises. “Start treating for mites right now by spraying or painting the roosting compartment with a mixture of used crankcase oil and kerosene. Do this every 10 days or two weeks from now until fall and mites will not bother. In case of lice, use Black Leaf 40, blue ointment, or sodium fluoride.” When broody hens give trouble, they should be marked with a special band on the leg every time they are found. Often, by the end of the sum mer. a few hens may have as many as seven or eight bands. Such hens should be culled from the flock. Two N. D. A .C. Cows Put on Honor Roll Two cows owned by the North Da kota Agrcituraural college appeared on the annual honor list of the Hol stein - Friesian Association of Amer ica, according to word received by Prof. J. R. Dice, head of the dairy husbandry department. The Testing period ended Dec. 31, 1930. In Class C, cows milked two times a day, Nakota Piebe Homstead Laura placed seventh In the senior two-year old class with a year record of 13,965.9 pounds of milk and 498.3 pounds of butterfat. In the same claae Nakota Bess Ormsby Zero placed 10th with a year record of 13,382.7 pounds of milk and 450.7 pounds of butterfat. Na kota Bess placed sixth in a special class of ten months records lor cows freshening within 14 months by pro ducing in 10 months 12,186.3 pounds of milk and 402.5 pounds of butterfat. Both cows were first-calf heifers and made these records under normal conditions. They are descendants of Madison Miss Ormsby. the original foundation cow of the college herd. ftKKEfti MSSSSGDSML ty orapJy mating vow* in the dbeve m of Wttes you cm mike Bam 1 ipeD out a very well known eight wonM npmuon. jOßleKfer Solution on Editorial Pago) i Hasn’t Changed I ♦ - v ' mjjty : - London is still speculating on how Mahatma Gandhi will be dressed when he comes to attend the India Round Table Conference and be re ceived by King George at Bucking ham Palace. Meanwhile, the diminu tive Indian leader, seen here In the newest photo of him to reach this country, enjoys the scanty native garb which he may or may not ex change for coat, waistcoat and trous ers on his visit to the British capital. People’s Forum Editor's Not#.—Th« Tribun# wel comes letters on subjects of In terest. Letters dealing with con troversial religious subjects, which attack Individuals unfairly, or which offend good taste and fair play will be returned to the writers. All letters MIST be signed. If you wish to use a pseudonym, sign the pseudonym first and your own name beneath It. We will re spect such requests. Ws reserve the right to delete such parts of letters as may be necessary to conform to thla policy. WANTS CLEAN SIDEWALKS Bismarck, N. D. May 14, 1931 Editor, Tribune: Before the clean-up is finished this spring in Bismarck, something ought to be done about digging the soil off the cement sidewalks. In most parts of the city the lawns and boulevards were Luilt up higher than the walks, and the result is that the soli—and even the grass—has gradually spread onto the walks until there is only a thin s. ip of cement walk visible in many places. This condition is unsightly, but is not so bad in dry weather. But when It rains! Those of us who have chil dren running In and out know what happens. The water has no chance to run off the walks, which are banked with dirt from both sides, and are mud from one end to the other. If the city authorities would fix this bad condition, we wouldn't have to mop our floors so often. I wish some of the other house keepers would express themselves on this subject. A HOUSEKEEPER. PROTESTS EXCHANGE CHARGE Hunter, N. D. May 13, 1931. Editor, Tribune: I would like to call attention to something that I believe Is detrimen tal to the city of Bismarck, or any other city that follows the same prac tice. and that is the business places of Bismarck charging exchange on checks issued by residents of towns within at least a 50-mile radius of Bismarck. People who go to Bismarck to shop remark again and again that their privilege of paying with check is valueless as they are expected to pay ten cents exchange on a dollar check and that Is about what it amounts to. A very short time ago someone from a town a short distance from Bis marck attempted to have a small check cashed at a store where she had traded for at least 25 years and was informed that any check up to $25.00 would cost ten cents exchange and was also informed that the next time she came to Bismarck to shop that she had better carry cash. Peo ple going to Bismarck or any other town to shop do not care to carry large amounts of cash and feel that OUT OUR WAY f \NfeLV., I'm \ GONMA V fcfefcP Vsjauv/\kj etowi , so »F HfcS TV J v(i*4o VJrtO \ 'NOWT \_et ' WOO RtOE, X NA/ASTfcD AU. 'at TIME f WA\T»Kj’ /= • • • A X <SoT a ‘‘ftUQTW WEftPST&O SOOk* * I V —A Series Explaining the Contract Bridge System— By WM. E. McKENNEY Secretary American Bridge Leagne A following bid is one made after an original bid has been made by one of the opponents and is often termed a defensive bid. It shows one and one-half to two and one-half quick tricks. If your right hand opponent Is the dealer and opens the bidding, you should overcall If you hold at least a biddable four card suit and one and one-half to two and one-half quick tricks. If your suit is a good biddable five-card suit, the total quick trick requirements of your hand need not be over one and one-half tricks, or if you are able to overcall tno op ponents’ original bid with a bid of one you can do so with a four-card biddable suit and one and one-half quick tricks. But If you are forced to overcall with a two bid and have only a four card suit, your quick trick requirement is two tricks. If partner was the dealer and passed, and then your right hand opponent opened the bidding with a suit, you must remember that your partner has denied holding two and one-half quick tricks and therefore you should hold at least two to two and one-half quick tricks to maxe an overcall. Otherwise you may get doubled and set for & large penalty, or you may force the opponents into a game-going declaration. Remem ber that If you hold only one and one-half quick tricks and partner has passed, there cannot be over three and onc-half quick tricks In your two hands and it Is quite probable that your opponents have a game-going declaration. When opponents open with a suit that you have stopped twice and you hold two quick tricks and no biddable suit of your own, you should overcall with one no trump. While the writ er advocates a no trump overcall with definite quick trick requirements and a strong informatory double, this will be explained to you in later articles. At the present time we are dealing strictly with the straight forcing system. In supporting partner’s overcall or following bid, remember that he may be bidding on a hand a great deal the checking privilege is the only way by which they can make purchases. Bismarck has good roads leading In from every direction, but many people have stated that irrespective of roadu or anything else they will refuse to pay this exchange and will use some other method to make pur chases of all things that they are unable to purchase at home. Busi ness places of Bismarck spend a great deal of money advertising but if the people gd there to shop and find that they mast carry a sufficient amount of cash to pay for any purchase that they may decide to make they will either send to the mall order houses for their goods or have their home merchants order everything that they want for them. So it would look as though Bismarck was going to lose a great deal of trade by taxing the out of town trade with an additional ten cents on each of several small checks cashed. Perhaps Bismarck doesn't need the out-of-town trade, and perhaps the out-of-town trade doesn't need Bismarck. Emily Olson. Renville Farmer Has Success With Trees Knute Steen, who farms near Olenburn in Renville county, has demonstrated conclusively that trees will flourish under North Dakota con ditions if given proper care, accord ing to R. Gilbertson, editor of the Glenburn Advance. “Mr. Steen’s grove was set out In 1927 and 1928 from seedlings and now he has good-sized trees which have made a very satisfactory growth con sidering that 1929 and 1930 were any thing but favorable for the growth of trees,’’ Mr. Gilbertson says. ' “Mr. Steen believes In the cultiva tion of trees to make them do their best. He plants them in rows spaced far enough apart to permit of culti vation with homes, and he keeps the weeds and grass down at all times. He does not cultivate between the trees in the rows because what little f BoT <if\ \ Dopm fool, \, I it= VSJE vfeEP Y ' WA\-KW HE'a \ WENJER V<ETCV-\ 1 up Xo oe _ I GOSv-U I Dour 1 V(MOW VAJHoT T' \ DO -1M Too ' *Treo t' walk' AvT too HUMG*W *’ WArr VMC.X_\» * iVj» GOwmA VN/M T- THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, MAY 15, 1931 opes to Solve Wheat Surplus Control Problem BRIDGE s?«yMe*-=gfe "W ft // am'.iF FE<=* MOVjWa *M Moons, ' VOo’ul Wngvv weaker than is required for an orig inal bid, therefore you should hold one more trick to support partner than Is necessary to support an orig inal bid. Informatory Doubles When your right hand opponent makes an original bid of one and your hand contains from three to three and one-half quick tricks, you should make an Informatory double even though you may hold a biddable suit. This shows partner a strong hand and even though the hand is trickless, he Is required to take this double out if the left hand opponent passes. However, if partner can count on your Informatory double containing three to three and one half tricks, he, with a strong hand, can pass, thereby turning the inform atory double into a business double which may be the means of collect ing large penalties. While most authorities agree that all doubles of original no trump, or suit bids of one and original suit bids of two are Informatory, there is some disagreement on doubles of original suit bids of three. But if you use the high trick requirement as outlined above, partner can easily use his own judgment on doubles of three. All doubles of two no trump are business doubles. Partner shall respond to informa tory dcubles as follows: Holding one stopper In the suit doubled and at least one quick trick and no biddable suit, the correct re sponse is one no trump. Holding no stopper in the suit doubled and no biddable four-card major suit, the best suit In the hand must be bid. With two quick tricks and a major suit containing at least king jack x x a jump bid should be made to show partner that your hand does contain some high card tricks. While this jump bid Is not a forcing bid on part ner, It does show him definite high card tricks in your hand, and he may either show his suit or support yours. Holding three quick tricks or better and a good biddable five-card major suit, you may jump to a game-going declaration. (Copyright, 1931, NEA Service, Inc.) grass grows there is soon killed off by the shade of the trees.” Most of the trees were secured from the state forestry nursery at Botti neau and assistance was given by L. 8. Matthew, extension service for ester. According to Mr. Matthew, five complete shelterbelt plantings are al lotted to farmers in each county an nually by the state nursery. Applica tions for these plantings must be made a year In advance by farmers through their county agents. Farm ers who wish trees for planting In 1932 should apply before June 1. Farmers Interested In Sweet Grasses A number of samples of sweet grass are coming to the agricultural col lege for Identification, according to Prof. O. A. Stevens, seed analyst. This is a native grass which is found all over the state, he points out, and it usually is found growing in depres sions where the soil is a little more moist than ordinary. It does not ap pear to cause much trouble as a weed, though it spreads by rootstocks in the same manner as quackgrass and will need to be handled by similar meth ods if it should prove troublesome. Sweet grass attracts the attention at this season of the year as the flow ering heads begin to appear about May 1, states Mr. Stevens. The heads reach a height of one to one and one half feet. They are about two inches long and are branched much like Kentucky bluegrass. When they first appear, they are light green in color, but turn brown upon maturity. The entire plant has a fragrant odor, es pecially when dried, and this is the origin of its name. It was used quite extensively by the Indians for bind ing material in the manufacture of baskets or other articles. Such colors as navy blue, green, brown, grey and beige are not only smart colors this spring but they also make an ideal background for bright contrasting colors. By Williams 4 » 4k JF:e*.*Y.U.IAMS *ISSI tv MCAMRVKC WEAUR CONDITIONS DURING APRIL HELD BAD FOR LIVESTOCK Cold Nights and Lack of Precip itation Held Back Growth of Grate Fargo, N. D. t May 15.—'The May first range and livestock report issued by the Federal Crop and Livestock Statistician’s office here, indicates that April was not as favorable a month for livestock enterprises as was March, due to the cold nights and the general lack of precipitation over the state save for the southeast sec tion where good rains were reported. These conditions retarded grass growth which further aggravated the short feed supplies. Temperatures were above normal with a dally plus of 3.9 degrees. This was offset by the nearly freezing tem peratures which prevailed during the nights. During the latter half of the month nine of the 15 days had freez ing temperatures or lower. Livestock reporters indicate in their comments that ranges and pastures are very dry. There is a decided lack of subsoil moisture throughout the state. The normal precipitation for the state during April, is about 1.63 inches as reported by three principal weather stations. These same stations indi cate that the average rainfall during the month was .38 of an inch which is 1.25 less than normal or a defici ency of 77 per cent. Prospects appear good for the com ing calf and lamb crop of the state as livestock reporters are almost unani mous in this belief. North Dakota has not suffered any abnormal cattle or sheep losses dur ing the past winter, according to re ports. Losses have also been light in South Dakota, Montana and Wyom ing. Western Kansas and Nebraska and Eastern Colorado suffered losses during the late storms of March. In all the other 10 western range states, the losses have been light to both cat tle and sheep, with the exception of New Mexico where there has been some loss to old ewes. Slaughtering of cattle under fed eral inspection for the 10 months end ing in April, as reported for the prin cipal markets, was about equal to the same period a year ago but 5 per cent greater for calves. There was a marked increase in the slaughterings of sheep and lambs. The actual in crease is about 13 per cent. Tne kill ing of hogs fell off 5 per cent for the same period. Condition of ranges in North Da kota fell off one point during the past month and is now Indicated to be 74 per cent of normal as compared with 75 a month ago, 80 a year ago, and 77.6 for the five year average. Range conditions fell off in South Dakota and Wyoming, but gained one point in Montana. Eight of the remaining range states declined in range condi tion while others indicate an increase. There was no change in the condi tion of cattle and calves for the month in North Dakota. The condi tion figure remained at 84 per cent of normal as compared with 80 a year ago and 83 per cent for the five-year average. Cattle and calves declined 2 points in condition in South Dakota, gained 1 point in Montana, and held even in Wyoming. In the remaining thirteen states, eight indicate a de crease in condition, 4, an increase, and one no change. Sheep and lambs gained a point during the mpnth in North Dakota, the condition figure now being 85 per cent of normal as compared with 84 a month ago. In the remaining ten range states reporting on sheep and lambs, five Indicate increases and five decreases in condition. Moles Are Killed “Please give Information on how to destroy garden moles.” Such is the general type of Inquiry coining to the department of entomology at the agricultural college from many points in North Dakota. How the moles dig up the ground, eat roots found in their path of un derground travel, and in general do damage to garden stuff, potatoes, shrubs and trees, is mentioned in one letter from Wilfred Koskela, Devils Lake. A method used to exterminate moles with Cyanogas, either in gar dens or fields, is recommended by Prof. J. A. Munro, entomologist. This deadly poisonous gas has been tried out with success by agricultural col lege officials on a five-acre plot where gophers infested the ground in large numbers. The five acres looked like the proverbial deserted village after the last fumes of the death dealing gas had pierced into the depths of the underground tunnels. Rats and all forms of household pests as well as moles haye been extermi nated with success with this gas, states Mr. Munro. Cyanogas with di rections how to use should be obtain able from any leading drug store. Jjt Bottineau County Is Named for Voyageur Editors Note: The following article Is one of a daily series on the history of North Dakota coun ties. Bottineau county—The memory of Pierre Bottineau, one of the early French-Canadlan voyageurs, is hon ored in the naming of Bottineau county. Bottineau was bom in Da kota Territory where he lived for 50 years in pioneer days. The county is located about the center of the northern tier of coun ties, reaches 60 miles from east to west, and includes most of the Turtle Mountains. From the natural growth of timber on these mountains, fuel has been furnished to settlers. Na tural gas has been found in large quantities and has been piped for use both Industrially and in the home. Bottineau is the county seat. m* It is doubtful if any practice in poultry flock management is as ef fective as breeding in increasing or maintaining the profits from laying hens. With Deadly Gases (By The Associated Press) News of Interest in N. D. Towns (By the Associated Press) Washburn—Ninety per cent of the McLean county farmers who applied for government loans during the last three months received the money, County Agent A. L. Norling an nounced. Ranging from 1200 to SI,OOO, most of the 564 applications were for sums of S2OO to S3OO. Total amount received on all loads granted in the county is $113,673. Olen Ullin—Appropriation of a monthly sum of money for main tenance of a Olen Ullin band was made at a meeting of the city Killdeer—Dunn county commis- sioners at a meeting here decided to gravel state highway No. 22 from the Stark county line north to Kill deer and west to Werner and prob ably as far as Halllday. The gravel ing will cost $65,000. By taking ad van’ ge of the federal emergency fund for road improvement, the county will only have to pay about $15,000, which is expected to be paid by the county’s share of the gasoline and auto license taxes. Washburn—Mrs. H. H. McCul loch was elected president of the local American Legion Auxiliary unit. She succeeds Mrs. J. Schlichenmayer. Napoleon—Gopher tails brought the boys and girls of Logan county $1,130.56. When the board of Logan county commissioners met they found that 56,528 gopher tails had been turned in for the bounty of two cents each. J. E. Elgland of Cackle turned in the largest number, 1,894. Minot—Dates of the Northwest Fair here have been shifted from July 6 to 11, to July 4 to 10, in order that Northwest North Da kota may celebrate July 4 at the fair, Henry L. Finke, secretary, announced. Garrison—Struck by lightning on the f rm west of Garrison, Cyril Walsh, nine, son of Mr. and Mrs. Tom Walsh, was knocked unconscious by the bolt. He was standing near a barb wire fence at the time. The lad was treated for shock at a hospital CIU rtf' 4T At If Electric Refrigerator is de signed tad built to meet present-day requirements for dependable refrigera tion and to keep up the seme high degree of performance for many yean to come. Norge does this and, while doing it, operates at such low cost that it pays for itself and actually •ares money for its users year after year. Norge has the RoOator, simple ef fective refrigerating *»~4****™» which TW«MUbMnrfc tf fnV'BTSi! 52s5iS as 4- *—' with ROLLATO*. 5.12 cubic foot Refrigerator 5184.50 Delivered Corwin-Churchill Motors, EtUbli»h«d 1914 Phoat 700 fVftV AMWtCAN - MOtO« CAP MAPS TOPAv CONTAINS M'ATFPIAI MAPS OORG VPAPNF.P CQMQiAfiSjJ but suffered no burns or other bad effects from the accident. Parshall—Pastors and lay mem bers of Missouri Synod Lutheran churches throughout northwest North Dakota attended a circuit meeting here. Rev. P. E. Brauer, Minot, presided. DRAKE MILL TO BE SOLD AFTER JULY 1 Highest Bidder Will Cet Build ing; Represents Invest ment of $30,000 The unusued Drake mill soon will be placed on the block for sale to the highest bidder. Under a law passed by the recent legislature, the industrial commis sion Is authorized to sell the mill after July 1, the date on which the act becomes effective. Governor George P. Shafer in his mesage to the legislature urged legis lation to empower the Industrial com mission to dispose of the mill, which he pointed out remains "unsold and without prospect of sale, except for Junk or local warehouse purposes.'* The mill represents an investment of about $30,000, which includes the purchase price and improvements. After the mill passed out of exist ence, the state received several offers for Its purchase at around $2,500. Bids will be called for and the structure sold to the highest bidder after the law becomes effective. 1,800 Baby Chicks To Be Distributed Eighteen hundred baby chicks will be distributed Monday among Bur leigh county youngsters at the World War Memorial building by H. O. Put nam, county agent. Under a plan devised and spon sored by the Association of Commerce, the chicks are given to the youngsters free. They are expected to raise the birds and to defray the expense of the project by turning back a num ber of birds in the fall. Seven hundred more chicks, will be distributed in the near future, ac cording to H. P. Goddard, secretary, who says that those who have applied for birds will be notified when to call for them. QUALITY Low cost for a with, NOG.G-E LEM 1 ! immu eHMsi DRY STORED SEEDS RETAIN VITALITY Bromegrass, N. D. A. C. Expert Says, Almost Only One Which Is Short-Lived Most seeds If stored dry retain their vitality well for several years, accord ing to Prof. O. A. Stevens, seed anal yst at the pure seed laborary, North Dakota Agricultural college. Brome grass, he states, is almost the only one of the ordinary field crops which is short lived. Three years is as long as it is dependable. A sample of brome grass recently received at the seed laboratory was said to be six years old and as expected, it was almost en tirely dead, Mr. Stevens found. “Any seeds which have been broken or the seed coat scratched, even if it is only slight, are likely to lose their vitality in one or two years. This ap i plies to scarified clover, hulled grass es, and other cases of the sort,’’ says the seed analyst. A letter recently received at the seed laboratory states that a failure resulted last year in using old timo thy seed, and inquiry is made wheth er the seed or the weather was re sponsible. Mr. Stevens suspected that the failure was due to a dry season, but no definite check can be made unless seed is left at the laboratory for analysis. The seed laboratory has been run ning annual tests upon several sam ples of timothy seeds since 1924. In some of the samples most of the hulled seed has lost its vitality, but the unhulled still grows well, states Mr. Stevens. Dickinson Lions to Name New Officers Dickinson, N. D., May 15.—Seven men have been named by H. J. Wien bergen, president of the Lions club, as a nominating committee to pre pare for the annual election of offi cers. Serving as chairman is lYank Richards. Others on the committee include Mason B. Spaulding, Dr. A. E. Spear. Dr. E. F. Rlnglee, J. L. Jenks, C. C. Eastgate and L. N. Jacob son. Members of the committee will meet and nominate members for of fice for the election to be held at the first meeting in June. has long beat the ideal erf refrigerator engineers. Norge developed the RoOator and only Norgehaek... fc*§ just a roller revolving in a pmimwii bath of protective 0f1... almost ever lasting! It is easy to own the Norge.... the priee is wary low end can be divided into budget fitting payments. Norge brings its initial price back to yew very soon through the savings it brings in food and low operating coat. See the Norge before yon boy! It fe manufactured by Norge Corporation, Detroit, a Division of Borg-Wanur, originators of free wheeling. lUUhI»-4«k \ A i Inc.