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The Bismarck tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current, May 15, 1931, Image 2

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T. L. Chadbourne
Is Author of International Sugar
Control System Adopted
'ndividuals Signed Sugar Pact;
Governments Must Accept
Grain Plan
Washington, May 15. </H) lf
Thomas L. Chadbourne. author of the
world sugar control plan, is to show
the international
SI wheat conference
different working
gates from surplus
wheat producing
countries, built the
sugar pact on
tucmas cuadbournc principles of the
European “cartel" —a trada agreement
between private interests. It will be
signed by individuals and executed by
them. The wheat conference seeks
international control by government.
In sugar, as in any other commod
ity monopolized by well organized
groups, observers explain that it is
comparatively simple to enforce a
program of export and pioduc
tion control. It is their orivate
property and they can do with it as
they please. Sympathetic govern
ments may lend their encouragement
or even write the trade agreement
into law.
Wheat is produced by millions of
farmers acting, for the most part, as
independent units and it is exported
in the same way by hundreds of firms
which compete with each otner as
well as with foreigners. Obviously no
wheat cartel could be organized un
less all the what in all the countries
were controlled through a single
agency in each country or by closely
allied groups.
Russia alone could control wheat
exports and production, but Russia's
announced intentions are contrary to
cooperation with the rest of the world.
Neither the farm board nor the Ca
nadian wheat pool control sufficient
volumes and there is no central mar
keting agency in India, Australia or
With the.cartel out of the question,
observers 'say, the conference and its
advisers must look to some other type
of control if exports are to be regu
lated and production reduced It is
agreed that governments hardly will
pass laws to encumber private enter
prise's free operation of its own prop
erty. Certainly the present confer
ence is not expected to undertake that
and at present there is no indication
that wheat will become the subject of
a diplomatic conference.
There is one high light in the pic
ture of international wheat control.
The grain which goes into export is
bought and paid for by private in
terests and whether the governments
may undertake to limit the number
of operators or limit the size of their
operations is a question which must
await the recommendations of the
Warns Against Neglect
Of Chickens in Spring
“Don't neglect the old birds now
that the chick season is here,” cau
tions P. E. Moore, poultry man of the
state extension service. “Keep them
comfortable by complete feeding and
continual cleaning of their quarters,"
he advises.
“Start treating for mites right now
by spraying or painting the roosting
compartment with a mixture of used
crankcase oil and kerosene. Do this
every 10 days or two weeks from now
until fall and mites will not bother.
In case of lice, use Black Leaf 40, blue
ointment, or sodium fluoride.”
When broody hens give trouble,
they should be marked with a special
band on the leg every time they are
found. Often, by the end of the sum
mer. a few hens may have as many
as seven or eight bands. Such hens
should be culled from the flock.
Two N. D. A .C. Cows
Put on Honor Roll
Two cows owned by the North Da
kota Agrcituraural college appeared
on the annual honor list of the Hol
stein - Friesian Association of Amer
ica, according to word received by
Prof. J. R. Dice, head of the dairy
husbandry department. The Testing
period ended Dec. 31, 1930.
In Class C, cows milked two times a
day, Nakota Piebe Homstead Laura
placed seventh In the senior two-year
old class with a year record of 13,965.9
pounds of milk and 498.3 pounds of
butterfat. In the same claae Nakota
Bess Ormsby Zero placed 10th with a
year record of 13,382.7 pounds of milk
and 450.7 pounds of butterfat. Na
kota Bess placed sixth in a special
class of ten months records lor cows
freshening within 14 months by pro
ducing in 10 months 12,186.3 pounds
of milk and 402.5 pounds of butterfat.
Both cows were first-calf heifers
and made these records under normal
conditions. They are descendants of
Madison Miss Ormsby. the original
foundation cow of the college herd.
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jOßleKfer Solution on Editorial Pago)
i Hasn’t Changed I
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' mjjty : -
London is still speculating on how
Mahatma Gandhi will be dressed
when he comes to attend the India
Round Table Conference and be re
ceived by King George at Bucking
ham Palace. Meanwhile, the diminu
tive Indian leader, seen here In the
newest photo of him to reach this
country, enjoys the scanty native
garb which he may or may not ex
change for coat, waistcoat and trous
ers on his visit to the British capital.
People’s Forum
Editor's Not#.—Th« Tribun# wel
comes letters on subjects of In
terest. Letters dealing with con
troversial religious subjects, which
attack Individuals unfairly, or
which offend good taste and fair
play will be returned to the
writers. All letters MIST be signed.
If you wish to use a pseudonym,
sign the pseudonym first and your
own name beneath It. We will re
spect such requests. Ws reserve
the right to delete such parts of
letters as may be necessary to
conform to thla policy.
Bismarck, N. D.
May 14, 1931
Editor, Tribune:
Before the clean-up is finished this
spring in Bismarck, something ought
to be done about digging the soil off
the cement sidewalks. In most parts
of the city the lawns and boulevards
were Luilt up higher than the walks,
and the result is that the soli—and
even the grass—has gradually spread
onto the walks until there is only a
thin s. ip of cement walk visible in
many places.
This condition is unsightly, but is
not so bad in dry weather. But when
It rains! Those of us who have chil
dren running In and out know what
happens. The water has no chance
to run off the walks, which are
banked with dirt from both sides,
and are mud from one end to the
other. If the city authorities would
fix this bad condition, we wouldn't
have to mop our floors so often.
I wish some of the other house
keepers would express themselves on
this subject.
Hunter, N. D.
May 13, 1931.
Editor, Tribune:
I would like to call attention to
something that I believe Is detrimen
tal to the city of Bismarck, or any
other city that follows the same prac
tice. and that is the business places
of Bismarck charging exchange on
checks issued by residents of towns
within at least a 50-mile radius of
People who go to Bismarck to shop
remark again and again that their
privilege of paying with check is
valueless as they are expected to pay
ten cents exchange on a dollar check
and that Is about what it amounts to.
A very short time ago someone from
a town a short distance from Bis
marck attempted to have a small
check cashed at a store where she
had traded for at least 25 years and
was informed that any check up to
$25.00 would cost ten cents exchange
and was also informed that the next
time she came to Bismarck to shop
that she had better carry cash. Peo
ple going to Bismarck or any other
town to shop do not care to carry
large amounts of cash and feel that
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—A Series Explaining the Contract Bridge System—
Secretary American Bridge Leagne
A following bid is one made after
an original bid has been made by one
of the opponents and is often termed
a defensive bid. It shows one and
one-half to two and one-half quick
If your right hand opponent Is the
dealer and opens the bidding, you
should overcall If you hold at least a
biddable four card suit and one and
one-half to two and one-half quick
tricks. If your suit is a good biddable
five-card suit, the total quick trick
requirements of your hand need not
be over one and one-half tricks, or
if you are able to overcall tno op
ponents’ original bid with a bid of
one you can do so with a four-card
biddable suit and one and one-half
quick tricks. But If you are forced
to overcall with a two bid and have
only a four card suit, your quick trick
requirement is two tricks.
If partner was the dealer and
passed, and then your right hand
opponent opened the bidding with a
suit, you must remember that your
partner has denied holding two and
one-half quick tricks and therefore
you should hold at least two to two
and one-half quick tricks to maxe an
overcall. Otherwise you may get
doubled and set for & large penalty,
or you may force the opponents into
a game-going declaration. Remem
ber that If you hold only one and
one-half quick tricks and partner has
passed, there cannot be over three
and onc-half quick tricks In your two
hands and it Is quite probable that
your opponents have a game-going
When opponents open with a suit
that you have stopped twice and you
hold two quick tricks and no biddable
suit of your own, you should overcall
with one no trump. While the writ
er advocates a no trump overcall with
definite quick trick requirements and
a strong informatory double, this will
be explained to you in later articles.
At the present time we are dealing
strictly with the straight forcing
In supporting partner’s overcall or
following bid, remember that he may
be bidding on a hand a great deal
the checking privilege is the only way
by which they can make purchases.
Bismarck has good roads leading
In from every direction, but many
people have stated that irrespective
of roadu or anything else they will
refuse to pay this exchange and will
use some other method to make pur
chases of all things that they are
unable to purchase at home. Busi
ness places of Bismarck spend a great
deal of money advertising but if the
people gd there to shop and find that
they mast carry a sufficient amount
of cash to pay for any purchase that
they may decide to make they will
either send to the mall order houses
for their goods or have their home
merchants order everything that they
want for them. So it would look as
though Bismarck was going to lose
a great deal of trade by taxing the
out of town trade with an additional
ten cents on each of several small
checks cashed. Perhaps Bismarck
doesn't need the out-of-town trade,
and perhaps the out-of-town trade
doesn't need Bismarck.
Emily Olson.
Renville Farmer Has
Success With Trees
Knute Steen, who farms near
Olenburn in Renville county, has
demonstrated conclusively that trees
will flourish under North Dakota con
ditions if given proper care, accord
ing to R. Gilbertson, editor of the
Glenburn Advance.
“Mr. Steen’s grove was set out In
1927 and 1928 from seedlings and now
he has good-sized trees which have
made a very satisfactory growth con
sidering that 1929 and 1930 were any
thing but favorable for the growth of
trees,’’ Mr. Gilbertson says. '
“Mr. Steen believes In the cultiva
tion of trees to make them do their
best. He plants them in rows spaced
far enough apart to permit of culti
vation with homes, and he keeps the
weeds and grass down at all times.
He does not cultivate between the
trees in the rows because what little
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opes to Solve Wheat Surplus Control Problem
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weaker than is required for an orig
inal bid, therefore you should hold
one more trick to support partner
than Is necessary to support an orig
inal bid.
Informatory Doubles
When your right hand opponent
makes an original bid of one and
your hand contains from three to
three and one-half quick tricks, you
should make an Informatory double
even though you may hold a biddable
suit. This shows partner a strong
hand and even though the hand is
trickless, he Is required to take this
double out if the left hand opponent
passes. However, if partner can
count on your Informatory double
containing three to three and one
half tricks, he, with a strong hand,
can pass, thereby turning the inform
atory double into a business double
which may be the means of collect
ing large penalties.
While most authorities agree that
all doubles of original no trump, or
suit bids of one and original suit bids
of two are Informatory, there is some
disagreement on doubles of original
suit bids of three. But if you use the
high trick requirement as outlined
above, partner can easily use his own
judgment on doubles of three.
All doubles of two no trump are
business doubles.
Partner shall respond to informa
tory dcubles as follows:
Holding one stopper In the suit
doubled and at least one quick trick
and no biddable suit, the correct re
sponse is one no trump.
Holding no stopper in the suit
doubled and no biddable four-card
major suit, the best suit In the hand
must be bid.
With two quick tricks and a major
suit containing at least king jack x x
a jump bid should be made to show
partner that your hand does contain
some high card tricks. While this
jump bid Is not a forcing bid on part
ner, It does show him definite high
card tricks in your hand, and he
may either show his suit or support
Holding three quick tricks or better
and a good biddable five-card major
suit, you may jump to a game-going
(Copyright, 1931, NEA Service, Inc.)
grass grows there is soon killed off
by the shade of the trees.”
Most of the trees were secured from
the state forestry nursery at Botti
neau and assistance was given by L.
8. Matthew, extension service for
ester. According to Mr. Matthew, five
complete shelterbelt plantings are al
lotted to farmers in each county an
nually by the state nursery. Applica
tions for these plantings must be
made a year In advance by farmers
through their county agents. Farm
ers who wish trees for planting In
1932 should apply before June 1.
Farmers Interested
In Sweet Grasses
A number of samples of sweet grass
are coming to the agricultural col
lege for Identification, according to
Prof. O. A. Stevens, seed analyst. This
is a native grass which is found all
over the state, he points out, and it
usually is found growing in depres
sions where the soil is a little more
moist than ordinary. It does not ap
pear to cause much trouble as a weed,
though it spreads by rootstocks in the
same manner as quackgrass and will
need to be handled by similar meth
ods if it should prove troublesome.
Sweet grass attracts the attention
at this season of the year as the flow
ering heads begin to appear about
May 1, states Mr. Stevens. The heads
reach a height of one to one and one
half feet. They are about two inches
long and are branched much like
Kentucky bluegrass. When they first
appear, they are light green in color,
but turn brown upon maturity. The
entire plant has a fragrant odor, es
pecially when dried, and this is the
origin of its name. It was used quite
extensively by the Indians for bind
ing material in the manufacture of
baskets or other articles.
Such colors as navy blue, green,
brown, grey and beige are not only
smart colors this spring but they also
make an ideal background for bright
contrasting colors.
By Williams
4 »
Cold Nights and Lack of Precip
itation Held Back Growth
of Grate
Fargo, N. D. t May 15.—'The May
first range and livestock report issued
by the Federal Crop and Livestock
Statistician’s office here, indicates
that April was not as favorable a
month for livestock enterprises as was
March, due to the cold nights and the
general lack of precipitation over
the state save for the southeast sec
tion where good rains were reported.
These conditions retarded grass
growth which further aggravated the
short feed supplies.
Temperatures were above normal
with a dally plus of 3.9 degrees. This
was offset by the nearly freezing tem
peratures which prevailed during the
nights. During the latter half of the
month nine of the 15 days had freez
ing temperatures or lower. Livestock
reporters indicate in their comments
that ranges and pastures are very dry.
There is a decided lack of subsoil
moisture throughout the state. The
normal precipitation for the state
during April, is about 1.63 inches as
reported by three principal weather
stations. These same stations indi
cate that the average rainfall during
the month was .38 of an inch which
is 1.25 less than normal or a defici
ency of 77 per cent.
Prospects appear good for the com
ing calf and lamb crop of the state as
livestock reporters are almost unani
mous in this belief.
North Dakota has not suffered any
abnormal cattle or sheep losses dur
ing the past winter, according to re
ports. Losses have also been light in
South Dakota, Montana and Wyom
ing. Western Kansas and Nebraska
and Eastern Colorado suffered losses
during the late storms of March. In
all the other 10 western range states,
the losses have been light to both cat
tle and sheep, with the exception of
New Mexico where there has been
some loss to old ewes.
Slaughtering of cattle under fed
eral inspection for the 10 months end
ing in April, as reported for the prin
cipal markets, was about equal to the
same period a year ago but 5 per cent
greater for calves. There was a
marked increase in the slaughterings
of sheep and lambs. The actual in
crease is about 13 per cent. Tne kill
ing of hogs fell off 5 per cent for the
same period.
Condition of ranges in North Da
kota fell off one point during the past
month and is now Indicated to be 74
per cent of normal as compared with
75 a month ago, 80 a year ago, and
77.6 for the five year average. Range
conditions fell off in South Dakota
and Wyoming, but gained one point
in Montana. Eight of the remaining
range states declined in range condi
tion while others indicate an increase.
There was no change in the condi
tion of cattle and calves for the
month in North Dakota. The condi
tion figure remained at 84 per cent
of normal as compared with 80 a year
ago and 83 per cent for the five-year
average. Cattle and calves declined 2
points in condition in South Dakota,
gained 1 point in Montana, and held
even in Wyoming. In the remaining
thirteen states, eight indicate a de
crease in condition, 4, an increase, and
one no change.
Sheep and lambs gained a point
during the mpnth in North Dakota,
the condition figure now being 85 per
cent of normal as compared with 84 a
month ago. In the remaining ten
range states reporting on sheep and
lambs, five Indicate increases and five
decreases in condition.
Moles Are Killed
“Please give Information on how
to destroy garden moles.” Such is
the general type of Inquiry coining to
the department of entomology at the
agricultural college from many points
in North Dakota.
How the moles dig up the ground,
eat roots found in their path of un
derground travel, and in general do
damage to garden stuff, potatoes,
shrubs and trees, is mentioned in one
letter from Wilfred Koskela, Devils
A method used to exterminate
moles with Cyanogas, either in gar
dens or fields, is recommended by
Prof. J. A. Munro, entomologist. This
deadly poisonous gas has been tried
out with success by agricultural col
lege officials on a five-acre plot
where gophers infested the ground in
large numbers. The five acres looked
like the proverbial deserted village
after the last fumes of the death
dealing gas had pierced into the
depths of the underground tunnels.
Rats and all forms of household pests
as well as moles haye been extermi
nated with success with this gas,
states Mr. Munro. Cyanogas with di
rections how to use should be obtain
able from any leading drug store.
Bottineau County Is
Named for Voyageur
Editors Note: The following
article Is one of a daily series on
the history of North Dakota coun
Bottineau county—The memory of
Pierre Bottineau, one of the early
French-Canadlan voyageurs, is hon
ored in the naming of Bottineau
county. Bottineau was bom in Da
kota Territory where he lived for 50
years in pioneer days.
The county is located about the
center of the northern tier of coun
ties, reaches 60 miles from east to
west, and includes most of the Turtle
Mountains. From the natural growth
of timber on these mountains, fuel
has been furnished to settlers. Na
tural gas has been found in large
quantities and has been piped for use
both Industrially and in the home.
Bottineau is the county seat.
It is doubtful if any practice in
poultry flock management is as ef
fective as breeding in increasing or
maintaining the profits from laying
With Deadly Gases
(By The Associated Press)
News of Interest
in N. D. Towns
(By the Associated Press)
Washburn—Ninety per cent of the
McLean county farmers who applied
for government loans during the last
three months received the money,
County Agent A. L. Norling an
nounced. Ranging from 1200 to
SI,OOO, most of the 564 applications
were for sums of S2OO to S3OO. Total
amount received on all loads granted
in the county is $113,673.
Olen Ullin—Appropriation of a
monthly sum of money for main
tenance of a Olen Ullin band was
made at a meeting of the city
Killdeer—Dunn county commis-
sioners at a meeting here decided
to gravel state highway No. 22 from
the Stark county line north to Kill
deer and west to Werner and prob
ably as far as Halllday. The gravel
ing will cost $65,000. By taking ad
van’ ge of the federal emergency
fund for road improvement, the
county will only have to pay about
$15,000, which is expected to be paid
by the county’s share of the gasoline
and auto license taxes.
Washburn—Mrs. H. H. McCul
loch was elected president of the
local American Legion Auxiliary
unit. She succeeds Mrs. J.
Napoleon—Gopher tails brought the
boys and girls of Logan county
$1,130.56. When the board of Logan
county commissioners met they found
that 56,528 gopher tails had been
turned in for the bounty of two cents
each. J. E. Elgland of Cackle turned
in the largest number, 1,894.
Minot—Dates of the Northwest
Fair here have been shifted from
July 6 to 11, to July 4 to 10, in
order that Northwest North Da
kota may celebrate July 4 at the
fair, Henry L. Finke, secretary,
Garrison—Struck by lightning on
the f rm west of Garrison, Cyril
Walsh, nine, son of Mr. and Mrs. Tom
Walsh, was knocked unconscious by
the bolt. He was standing near a
barb wire fence at the time. The lad
was treated for shock at a hospital
CIU rtf'
At If
Electric Refrigerator is de
signed tad built to meet present-day
requirements for dependable refrigera
tion and to keep up the seme high
degree of performance for many yean
to come. Norge does this and, while
doing it, operates at such low cost
that it pays for itself and actually
•ares money for its users year after
Norge has the RoOator, simple ef
fective refrigerating *»~4****™» which
TW«MUbMnrfc tf fnV'BTSi!
52s5iS as 4- *—' with ROLLATO*.
5.12 cubic foot Refrigerator 5184.50 Delivered
Corwin-Churchill Motors,
EtUbli»h«d 1914 Phoat 700
but suffered no burns or other bad
effects from the accident.
Parshall—Pastors and lay mem
bers of Missouri Synod Lutheran
churches throughout northwest
North Dakota attended a circuit
meeting here. Rev. P. E. Brauer,
Minot, presided.
Highest Bidder Will Cet Build
ing; Represents Invest
ment of $30,000
The unusued Drake mill soon will
be placed on the block for sale to
the highest bidder.
Under a law passed by the recent
legislature, the industrial commis
sion Is authorized to sell the mill
after July 1, the date on which the
act becomes effective.
Governor George P. Shafer in his
mesage to the legislature urged legis
lation to empower the Industrial com
mission to dispose of the mill, which
he pointed out remains "unsold and
without prospect of sale, except for
Junk or local warehouse purposes.'*
The mill represents an investment
of about $30,000, which includes the
purchase price and improvements.
After the mill passed out of exist
ence, the state received several offers
for Its purchase at around $2,500.
Bids will be called for and the
structure sold to the highest bidder
after the law becomes effective.
1,800 Baby Chicks
To Be Distributed
Eighteen hundred baby chicks will
be distributed Monday among Bur
leigh county youngsters at the World
War Memorial building by H. O. Put
nam, county agent.
Under a plan devised and spon
sored by the Association of Commerce,
the chicks are given to the youngsters
free. They are expected to raise the
birds and to defray the expense of
the project by turning back a num
ber of birds in the fall.
Seven hundred more chicks, will be
distributed in the near future, ac
cording to H. P. Goddard, secretary,
who says that those who have applied
for birds will be notified when to call
for them.
Low cost for a
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immu eHMsi
Bromegrass, N. D. A. C. Expert
Says, Almost Only One Which
Is Short-Lived
Most seeds If stored dry retain their
vitality well for several years, accord
ing to Prof. O. A. Stevens, seed anal
yst at the pure seed laborary, North
Dakota Agricultural college. Brome
grass, he states, is almost the only one
of the ordinary field crops which is
short lived. Three years is as long as
it is dependable. A sample of brome
grass recently received at the seed
laboratory was said to be six years
old and as expected, it was almost en
tirely dead, Mr. Stevens found.
“Any seeds which have been broken
or the seed coat scratched, even if it
is only slight, are likely to lose their
vitality in one or two years. This ap
i plies to scarified clover, hulled grass
es, and other cases of the sort,’’ says
the seed analyst.
A letter recently received at the
seed laboratory states that a failure
resulted last year in using old timo
thy seed, and inquiry is made wheth
er the seed or the weather was re
sponsible. Mr. Stevens suspected that
the failure was due to a dry season,
but no definite check can be made
unless seed is left at the laboratory
for analysis.
The seed laboratory has been run
ning annual tests upon several sam
ples of timothy seeds since 1924. In
some of the samples most of the
hulled seed has lost its vitality, but
the unhulled still grows well, states
Mr. Stevens.
Dickinson Lions to
Name New Officers
Dickinson, N. D., May 15.—Seven
men have been named by H. J. Wien
bergen, president of the Lions club,
as a nominating committee to pre
pare for the annual election of offi
cers. Serving as chairman is lYank
Richards. Others on the committee
include Mason B. Spaulding, Dr. A.
E. Spear. Dr. E. F. Rlnglee, J. L.
Jenks, C. C. Eastgate and L. N. Jacob
son. Members of the committee will
meet and nominate members for of
fice for the election to be held at the
first meeting in June.
has long beat the ideal erf refrigerator
engineers. Norge developed the
RoOator and only Norgehaek... fc*§
just a roller revolving in a pmimwii
bath of protective 0f1... almost ever
It is easy to own the Norge.... the
priee is wary low end can be divided
into budget fitting payments. Norge
brings its initial price back to yew
very soon through the savings it
brings in food and low operating coat.
See the Norge before yon boy! It fe
manufactured by Norge Corporation,
Detroit, a Division of Borg-Wanur,
originators of free wheeling.

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