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What of Aa good u an swer ujr fa Barer W. Bab Ma's forecast. 1938? In Friday's Issue e# The THbane. SEEN AS THREAT TO CHINA'S ABILITY TO PAY FOREIGN DEBTS Japanese Army Claims 'in Prin ciple' Jurisdiction Over Foreign Areas WOULD USE CAUTIO Chinese Destroy Property in Tsingtao at Japanese Approach (By the Associated Press) Japan's conquering army claimed "in principle" Wednesday the right to extend provisions of its military law into Shanghai's International Settle ment and French Concession, where thousands of Americans and other foreigners main their homes. The Japanese army spokesman an nounced the claim, under which troops could enter foreign areas still outside Japanese control and arrest and try "all persons" suspected of crimes against Nippon's armed foroes. Japanese foroes would proceed cautiously in any cases where Amerl cans and other foreigners holding treaty rights were suspected, they would be tried by courts of their own nations, the spokesman said. Customs Evaded Japanese freight cargoes, while, were being landed In increas in? amounts without payment of du ties or customs examination. This caused growing apprehension on the future of American and other firms competing with Japax on the future ability of China to pay debts of some «Me,«0ftM9. indflfflng external debt of $180,000,000 to the United States and other countries. The debts are guaranteed by customs receipts. The new Japanese military law claim was announced as Chinese troops bitterly contested Japanese invasion Into two of the nation's richest provinces—Shantung and Cheklang. The invaders already have raised the rising sun flag over most of northern China, the rich lower Yangtse valley, and a handful of Chi na's wealthiest cities. Chinese, apparently preparing to abandon the threatened Shantung port of Tsingtao, began a campaign of destruction, blowing up all tele graph, cable and radio terminals. The explosions, which shook the en tire city, cut off all communications and resulted In the greatest tension among, the populace. Four British coastal ships departed for Shanghai, Jammed with foreign ers of various nationalities, Including Americans, and hundreds of Chinese, mostly of the well-to-do classes. Fearing a breakown of local author' ity, foreigners were organizing vigil antes to take control of the city, If necessary, before the expected Japan ese entiy. They decided to remain unarmed, except for batons, thereby seeking to avoid clashes with armed elements, either Chinese or Japanese, but at the same time preventing fur ther looting and suppressing puis. Jap Ships Offshore A Japanese transport and a de stroyer were lying offshore, but it was not learned whether many troops were aboard. The Japanese have not yet disclosed the plan of the campaign at Tsingtao, but it was believed that land forces, approaching from the west, were ex pected to take the city. Latest advices received by the American consulate were that IN Americans remained in Tsingtao and 13 were in the city's environs. The cruiser Marblehead and the destroyer Pope stood by to aid them. Forty five were en route to Shanghai on the gunboat 8acramento and 96 others had evacuated on coastwise vessels. Japanese troops pushing southward from Tfclnan, conquered Shantung capital, and attacked Talan, SO miles (Continued on Page Two) Tribune Classifieds Have Found Another DIOGENES He is Adolph Mertz West Thayer In response to the following classified ad In the Bismarck Tribune Tuesday evening LOST—White gold Elgin wrist watch while crossing the street at Intersection of 4tb and Bdwy. Return to Tribune for reward Mr. Mertz appeared at the Trib une office with the lost watch. Its owner rewarded Mr. Merts within an hour after the Tribune appeared on the streets. Wfcsa yea have lost asutfctng ef valae. light year lantern for the search with a Tribaae ESTABLISHED 1873 JARBER Disembarking from rf transpkcfffc clipper plane Norman Alley, Universal newsreel cameraman, landed San Francisco with films of the fall of Nanking and the bombing and machine-gunning of the U. S. S. Panay in the Yangtze river. Alley's film was insured for $350,000. Dead littered the streets of Nanking (above right) as the conquering Japanese razed virtually everything but the city's walls, and recklessly slaughtered the citizens of China's capital. This was on Dec. 14. Decks awash, the Panay keels over just before it plunged to the bottom of the river after it had been hit squarely by a bomb from a Japaneseplane. Note persons still aboarir decks awaiting rescue. The shattered superstructure of the vessel also is visible. James Marshall (bottom row, left), American magazine writer, was wounded during the Panay incident. He is shown in his hospital bed in Wuhu. Later he was taken to Shanghai for an operation. Survivors of the attack on the Panay (bottom row, right) are shown leaving junks near Hanshan to board a British gunboat which took them to Shanghai. EYEtherSayPAWth Too, or NEEther New York, Dec. 39.—ff—Either Either or either (take It easy, Simone Simon and Gertrude Stein) is correct, but the Amer ican who uses either (eye-ther) Instead of either (ee-ther) is tak ing a chance and likely to seem silly unless he pronounces path pawth instead of paath. Prof. Lee NOrvelle, head of the speech department of Indiana university, and a man who can change his speech as readily as his hat, used the "either-either" Example to Illustrate his argument that good speech should be as un obtrusive as a man's clothes. FUNERAL TO BE THURSDAY 'ormer Bismarck Girl Burned in Los Angeles Will Be Bur ied in Inglewood Los Angeles, Dec. 29.—(*—Funeral services for Mrs. Margaret Garber and her 3-year-old son David, who were burned to death in a Christmas tree fire, will be held here at 3 p. m. Thursday, interment will be in the Inglewood park oemetery, Inglewood. Arrangements were completed by her husband, David B. Garber, who arrived Wednesday morning. At the St. Vincent's hospital, James Ruud, Sr., and James Ruud, Jr., who also were burned In the blase, were report- I In good condition. Mrs. Garber, a former Bismarck, N. resident, and the child were visit ing with her uncle, Mr. Ruud, when the tragedy occurred Sunday. TRAPPER BURIED Clearwater, Minn., Dec. 29.—WV— Funeral services were held here for Allen Legg, a trapper, who died from tularemia believed to have contracted from mink or rabbits be was using as talk WAR VfcTERAN DIES Fargo, N. D., Dec. 29.—iff)—Henry M. Haugen, 46, Sklme, Minn., farmer and World War veteran, died here Tuesday. Philadelphia, Dec. 29.—(/P)—Assist ant Attorney General Robert H. Jack son accused "big business" Wednesday of going on a "strike" against the gov ernment in an effort to "liquidate the Hew Deal." The administration's anti-monopoly crusader In an address before the American Political Science association said big business had seized upon the recession "as a cudgel to whack con cessions out of government." They wish, he said, "to liquidate the New Deal and to throw off all govern mental interference with their incor porated initiative and their 'aristo cratic anarchy.'" Jackson said government was "the only agency with the power to condi tion capitalism and industrialism to survive" and suggested business was blind to the advantages it derives from the process. 'Business Profits Restored' "The unvarnished truth," he said, 'is that the government's recovery program has succeeded nowhere else so effectively as in restoring the prof its of business. Labor has had no such advance. Ilie small merchant has had no such prosperity. The small manufacturer has had no such ad vantage. 'The only just criticism that can be made of the economic operations of the New Deal is that it set out a breakfast for the canary and let the cat steal it it did not sufficiently guard recovery from the raids of the monopolist. One group in the United States that has no cause for complaint is the big business group." Reads Table In support of this statement, he read a table comparing what he said were the 1933 operations of a group of major business concerns with their 1936 profits. These showed two automobile con cerns, Chrysler and Oeneral Motors,! (Continued on Pag* Tww Flow of Duty-Free Japanese Goods Into China IS ON STRIKE TO BREAK NEW DEAL Jackson Hurls 'Monopoly' Charges Anew at Political Science Gathering First Pictures of Panay Sinking-Exclusive AP Newsphotos THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE PLANE PLUNGES INTO LAKE THREE DROWN Pilot Mistakes Open Water in Lake Erie for lee During Fog, Tries to Land Toledo, Ohio, Dec. 29.—W)—'Three persons were drowned Wednesday when a plane plunged into Lake Erie a half mile off Put-in-Bay. William Somogy, 30. the pilot, was rescued. The dead: Nancy Howard, 42 Delbert Watkins, 30, and Albert Anderson, 45, all of North Baas Island. The plane fell into open water as the pilot, blinded by a heavy fog, tried to land on the ice. Hamilton Is Divorced Wife Charges Cruelty Topeka, Ku, Dec. 39. (4) Mrs Laura Hamilton was granted a divorce in district court here Wednesday from John D. M. Hamilton, Republican na tional chairman. Mrs. Hamilton charged her husband with gross neg lect of duty, abandonment for more in a year, and extreme cruelty. The couple were married on Jan. 38, 19U. North Dakota's Oldest Newspaper France Faces Crisis Paris Paralyzed U» S, Gunboat's Sinking Brings War Crisis BISMARCK, N. D„ WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29,1937 PRICE FIVE CENTS .w First Pictures First newsphotos of the bombing and machine-gunning of the U. S. S. Panay in the Yangtze river Dec. 14 are being published exclusively in The Bismarck Tribune today. These photos are taken from a motion picture of the whole incident, photographed by Norman Alley of Uni versal Newsreel and published exclusively by Associated Press newspapers throughout the United States. Alley himself guarded the precious to San Francisco, by a specially chartered United historical it was rushed down the Yangtze river to Shanghai by a British gunboat, across the East China sea to Manila by an American destroyer, aboard a transpacific clipper ship to New York, by telephoto to Chicago and by North west Airlines to Bismarck. In 14 days these newsphotos were transported approxi mately 14,000 miles. Thursday The Bismarck Tribune expects to publish an entire page of Panay sinking pictures. If you want extra copies of these historic photos, please call the Circulation Manager, phone 2200. To Consider Farm Loan Applications Approximately 135 applications for farm loans will be considered by the board of university and school lands Thursday, Land Commissioner Ole B. Stray announced Wednesday. Because of snow and cold weather record as plane Airlines the department's land appraising pro gram has ceased for the season. Among appraisers who probably will be "laid off" Jan. 1 are Former Com missioner Ludvig Federson and John Erlckson of McLean county, Stray said. The commissioner stated J. E. Ja cobson, LaMoure county appraiser, may be kept temporarily on "special work." ALLOT $5,000 FOR 1J Larger Standing Rock Grant Would Heighten Suffering Elsewhere, Says Collier U. S. Indian Commissioner John Collier notified Gov. William Langer Wednesday he was making immed iately available $5,000 for direct re lief among Indians .on the Standing Rock reservation. Collier, who said this amount was in addition to $7,000 previously al loted for direct relief, suggested that L. C. Lippert. superintendent of the agency located at Fort Yates advance Justification for any additional amount deemed necessary. In his telegram to Governor Langer, Collier asserted that allotments of additional sums now probably would result in suffering in other critical areas. The allotment for the North Dakota South Dakota reservation was made following a telephone conversation between Governor Langer and Collier Tuesday when a delegation from the reservation, including Chester Paris, Collier's representative, told of the In dians' needs. In addition, Gov. Langer said, 300 Indians are being put to work im mediately on a work relief project, cutting river bottom brush. The Weather•* Cloudy tonight and Thursday not quite so cold tonight. GROWSI120000 MUNICIPAL WORKERS ON STRIKE VIOLENCE IS FEARED Troops Jam Capital as Popular Front Government Facet Grave Test POLICE EVICT STRIKERS Premier Chautemps Refuses to See Workmen Communists Back Walkout Paris, Dec. 29.—(/P)—The Pop ular Front government announced Wednesday night it would "force" public service workers to return to their jobs if unions failed to call off strikes spreading through France. Paris, Dec. 29.—JP}—An estimated 120,000 strikers paralyzed the French capital's transportation systems Wed nesday and threatened to cut off sup plies of water, gas and electricity in one of the gravest crises of the Pop ular Front government. Premier Camille Chautemps, order ing an emergency session of his cab inet to deal with the general strike of municipal public service workers, con demned the mass walkout and warned that the government would combat it with the greatest vigor. Police, carrying out his warning, evicted striking workers from six elec tric plants and two gaa works. Mobile guards were sent into elec tric plants In the industrial suburb of Puteaux to assure their continued operation. Condemns Strike Chautemps condemned the striks and inferred that hidden reasons lay behind it—especially significant la the light of recent Rightist allegation! that Communists plotted to over* throw the government during strikes in mid-November. The premier In a statement assert* ed the strike had been "deliberately provoked." After a preliminary meeting with his principal ministers, the Radical Socialist premier had declared the government would assure maintenance of essential services for the metrop olis. Socialist* Support Strike His statement followed close upon'a vote of solid support of the publio service strikers by the national con gress of the Communist party, itself segment of the Popular Front. Chautemps refused to see a delega tion of strikers. The premier was de scribed as determined not to negotiate with the workers until they returned to their jobs. The General Confederation of Labor estimated 120,000 were on strike. Subways and buses were paralysed by a total shutdown and water, gaa and electric services were running on reserves. Squads of steel-hatted mobile guardsmen moved into the capital from the provinces. They joined the blue-caped gendarmerie guarding vital centers of the capital while the strike mushroomed. Troops in Readiness Troops of "the military government of Paris," the army region surround* (Continued on Page Two) FDR MIGHT MAKE ACTIVE CAMPAIGN AGAINST CRITICS Support of Corporation Licens ing Bill, Ickes Speech Strengthen View Washington, Dec. 39.—(AV-Three developments gave fresh support Wed nesday to the belief expressed by many officials that the Roosevelt adminis tration would make an active cam paign against its business critics: 1. Reports reached congressmen from high administration sources that the president at a recent cabinet meeting endorsed the principle of the Borah-O'Mahoney bill to license In terstate corporations. 2. Senator Norris (Ind., Neb.), a Roosevelt backer, suggested the sen* ate renew Its investigation of lobby ing In an effort to offset what he ermed "organised propaganda" against the president's legislative pro posals. 3. Secretary Ickes anonunced he would deliver a radio speech Thurs day night on "it is happening here." Associates predicted he would dis cuss relations between government and business. The reports concerning Mr. noose velt's views on the corporation licens ing bill encouraged its friends to be lieve It might become the chief vehicle for the administration's proposed at tack on the monopoly problem. The Borah-O'Mahoney bill vides that an enlarged federal commission would charter tlons engaged In interstate or foreign commerce. Licenses could be denied te firms violating the anti-trust laws.