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Black Republican and office-holder's journal. [volume] : (New York, N.Y.) 18??-18??
Place of publication:
New York, N.Y.
Geographic coverage:
  • New York, New York, New York  |  View more titles from this: City County, State
Pluto Jumbo
Dates of publication:
  • English
  • African American newspapers.--fast--(OCoLC)fst00799278
  • African Americans.--fast--(OCoLC)fst00799558
  • New York (N.Y.)--Newspapers.
  • New York (State)--fast--(OCoLC)fst01210280
  • New York (State)--New York.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01204333
  • Parody--African Americans--Newspapers.
  • " entry for the Black Republican and Office-Holder's Journal, which turns out to be a single-issue parody of black newspapers."--African American Review.
  • Description based on: Aug. 10, 1865; title from title page.
  • Latest issue consulted: Number 4 (September, 1865); American History, 1493-1945 (online) (viewed February 16, 2018).
  • Microfilmed by the Library of Congress for the Committee on Negro Studies of the American Council of Learned Studies.
sn 85042252
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Black Republican and office-holder's journal. [volume] August 10, 1865 , Image 1


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Black Republican and Office-Holder's Journal

At least four issues of the Black Republican and Office-Holder’s Journal were published, the first on August 10, 1865. The four-page, handwritten issue published under the pseudonym “Pluto Jumbo” is a parody of Black newspapers of the time, including made-up names, illustrations, poems, ballads, and news articles that mocked the work of contemporaneous Black editors and their supporters. As noted in the article “What the Folk Printed: Verse Culture and the Black Press in 1865 New Orleans” by Laurel Hankins, the paper was likely published in New York city because its primary targets of ridicule are James Gordon Bennet, publisher of the New York Herald, a pro-Lincoln paper, and Horace Greeley, founder and editor of the New-York Daily Tribune, a prominent anti-slavery paper. The title serves as an example of the extent to which Reconstruction did little to change the minds of those who objected to the rise of the Black press in both the southern and northern United States.

This parody issue in the Miscellaneous Negro newspapers microfilm collection was likely included in the collection by accident, with the original curators of the collection hoping to be as comprehensive as possible since few issues endure of most 19th century African American newspapers. Three additional issues dated from August and September 1865 are found outside the microfilm collection in other libraries.

The Miscellaneous Negro newspapers microfilm collection is a 12 reel collection containing issues of African American newspapers published in the U.S. throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Creation of the microfilm project was sponsored by the Committee on Negro Studies of the American Council of Learned Societies in 1947. For more information on the microfilm collection, see: Negro Newspapers on Microfilm, a Selected List (Library of Congress), published in 1953. While this collection contains selections from more than 150 U.S. newspapers titles, for further coverage, view a complete list of all digitized African American titles available in the Chronicling America collection.

Historical newspapers such as this one reflect the language and attitudes of their time, and may contain biased, offensive, and outdated words and images that may be hurtful to particular groups or people. Furthermore, historical materials should be understood in the context of the particular time and place in which they were published. Learn more by reading the Library of Congress’ statements about supplemental description of newspaper titles and selecting newspapers for digitization.

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