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The Daily Ardmoreite. [volume] (Ardmore, Okla.) 1893-current, November 05, 1893, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042303/1893-11-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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YMT8 TO A QUEEN
THEY RANK VERY HIGH IN
CLISH SOCIETY.
EN-
Tli Title rtt Servant to Ber Majeatr
fa au Enviable one Indeed John
Brown'a Memory Honored br Qaeen
Victoria.
Fniflltn Correspondence.
HERE IS TO THE
English heart an
enviable honor at-
tached to the title
of "servant to her
majesty. It is sel
dom that permis
sion is given to
persons not in the
royal seiTice to
use the title. An
exception has re
cently been made
in the case or the
Carl Rosa Ope-' a troupe, who sang at :
Balmoral castle They now go about
the country with ten-sheet posters an
nouncing themselves a her ;ajesty's
servants.
The widest known of all "he queen's
s rvants was John Brown, her majes-
ty's Highland personal attendant, to j
whose memory her late-t "Leaves j
from the Journal of a Life in the
Highlands" is dedicated. j
John Brown's birthplace i "The
Bush," a farm lyiEtf to the north of
Balmoral castle, u road much fre
quented as a drive for visitors. He
Uyn'J
JOHN BKOITS.
was fiist employed in the stables of
lialiuoral. whec i'rinec Albert found
mm. anu, re ojrmzing nis excellent
qualities promoted him to the post of
"gillie." an attendant upon gentlemen
when hunting and fishing In 18-TJ he
was chosen by the tuen and the
prince to go with her in ijesty's car
riage In 18:1 he began to lead the
''.l'"" H V ""''"M"1' "c "
sions over the hills. He, together with
much-trusted servant always accou. i
panied them on those expeditions
taken incognito. in wh'cfc the quefcn j
" i.ciu. ncuoi UUH oiau Mi
and Prince Albert delighted,
Born in this region and his fore
fathers before him for many genera
tions, he was well known and re
spected throughout the Highlands.
"Favorite servants," said a Deeside
Highlander to me, "generally gain
their place by flattering the weak
nesses of their employer and by un
derhand measures. But it was not in
that way that John Brown gained his
high place in the e nfidence of the
qu en. He was honest to bluntness;
spoke his mind out to high and low."
Did her majestv appear in a com
fortable old cloak for her drive or j
other exerci.se John Bi own was liable i
to remark with a pla cness that would i
bend a shiver down the back of a
trained courtier: "And what kind of
a thing is that you've sot on to-day'.'" j
To this straightforwardness of j
speech and mind were united great j
kindness of heart and a desire to ;
oblige. Bis fellow servants liked him
and trusLed him a ooil test and ;
when he came to his place of confidant '
of the queen he did niu' h for tl.eir j
cooi fort. I
AH John Brown's brothers have
come into the queen's service. Donald
Brown is a;. Osborne, Hugh Brown is
kteper of the k- ncc's in the home
park at Windsor, Archil aid Brown is
a page in the royal household. James
Brovn is the shepherd at Balmoral,
And VVm. Brown lives in the house
iiiiilt by the queen at Balmo al for
John Brown and which she has eiven
V the Brown fami y in perpetuity.
At is a large house of jrranite with
stable attached. John Brown never
JOU BROWN'S BOUSE NEAR CRAIG OOWAH
occupied it in his lifetime, bat his
body rested there before burial.
Intbe castle park, on a grassy bank
near the cottage in which the queen
breakfasts and write", is a life-size
bronze statue of John Brown. He is in
the dress he alw&ys wore when in at
tendance upon tne queen, except, of
course, on stte or dress occasions,
the same that he wears in
the picture here. Two medals
are vpon his breast; the on
conferred by the queen for long and
faithful service, the other for saving
her majesty's life. He holds his Glen
garry cap in his hand. The statue
wears a smiling look, as though he
were about to speak. Upon the granite
pedestal is this inscription:
JOBS' BROWN.
Friend more than servant,
L.-iyl. truthful, brave;
Self less than duty
Even to the grave.
John Brown is buried in the little
Crathie graveyard, a green, well-kept
pot, not far from the castle and tk
ml
7
V "
, JSJ-t& SKB
owing- inscription:
Thia stona ia erected :
: in affectionate - :
: . and grateful rem.mbranoe of
JOHN BKOWS, ;
: personal ittn 'tm and beloved friend of :
: quces victobia. :
: In whose sorrice he had been i
: ForSiveara. ;
born In Online, aird. 8th December, 128. I
: Died at Windsor Castle, :27th, March. 1883. .
: "That f ieni on whoe fidelity yo'i count, :
. that friend g)eu to you br c rcurnstnnces :
: over which ym have no control, was Cod'a .
: own tin." :
Her majesty's Tndinn empire is rep
resented in her lions -hold. There are
' four of these Indians. Her Indian set
; retarv. HaGz Abdul Kairm; her per
sonal attendant, who "'gives his arm
to her coming1 down the stairs," etc,
and their servant, and their cook. A
(special part of ih castle i- assigned
them, where are their kitchen and
other apartments. Tlnir food is pre
pared by their o n cook inw'ccordance
w th 1'indoo customs and prejudices.
The atmosphere of the portion of the
castle is said to ba redolent of curry,
ine Indian secretary assists her maj
t esty in her study of "Hindustanee and
, all four accomjuny ihe ;ueen abifjad
! as well as t Osborne and Windsor.
WASPS fND Br ES GET DRUNK.
The Former Frovoko:! to Unprovoked
Attack When "in a Condition."
The argument against all and every
use of alcohol wh eh wo used to hear
much of years ugo was based on the
statement that it was not a proJuct of
nature and not used in any natural
condition. The argument itself is a
very unsafe one, even if ti e premises
were correct, but they are not. and
the plague of asps lias proved it. I
have been watching the u asps with
great interest and have noticed the
avidity with which they all-jlt cer
tain fruit when fully ripe, rotting, in
fact, anl I have also noticed some
of the peculiar ' results of their
doing so. '1 he sn-rar in some fruits
which are most attacked by wasps has
a tendency to pass into a kind or kinds
of alcohol in ihe ordinary process of
rotting, a fact which is easily ascer
tained by the use of a still not large
en ugh to attract the attention of the
excise authorities. On such fruits,
particularly grapes and certain plums,
you will see wasps pu-hing and fight
ing in numbers much larger than can
be accommodated and you will see
them get very drunk, crawl away in a
semi-somnolent condit on and repose
in the grass for some time, till they
i gci over me tout, ann men tney
will
go at it airain. It is
while they are thus affected
that they do their worst sting
ing, both in the virulent nature of the
s'.roke and the utterly unprovoked as
saults of which they are guilty. I
a-as stung las-, year by a drunken
wasp, and suffere 1 severely from
symptoms of nerve poison
t ,i,i,
for several
peculiarities
thai, acmKlA , 1. - 1
poraries. It is evident, therefore, that
those who use the argnment about
alcohoi to which T haTe objected must
give it up th - more it is known that
there are certain plants (orchidsi
whose cross-fertilization is secured
by a regular system of public-horses
in which bees are made drunk,
for without inebriation the bfees would
not g, through the antics by which
ah ne the orchids can be fertilized. I
am quite sure, however, that our tee-
total friends will derive argument
enou-h indnwhl examples ruite suf-
ficu-nt from drnnken wasps without
! the use of tiie argument 1 have dis
i posed of. I c n furnish them with
! one. Having found out how fond they
were of alcohol. 1 provided them very
anundantly vvstti tree "pn,os, with
swinir doors and unlimited beer, and
now we live in comparative comfort
and view without compunction thou
sands of dead drunkards in onr beer
bottles.
ClorHiiiK From Wood.
j A Hungarian inventor claims to
i have made a dis- oveiy which will
, revolutionize the textile industry. He
' assert that he is able to spin ordinary
! wood pulp or cellu os into yarn, fr..in
I which all orts of textile tisues can
j be made in the ordinary way, equal
ing in appearance, durability and
fastness of color ihe best cotton goods.
The method is not only applicable to
cellulose, but also to every sort of
short fibrous material for instance,
rags, scraps of cotton and linen goods.
'J he fiber, whther paper pulp or tex
tile refuse, can be dyed to'ore being
tpun into yarn, so that the dyeing of
the woven material is not necessary.
J5:r Tree of California.
It is the testimony of those who
have seen the great trees of California
that much of the effect of astonish
ment is lost b cause the visitor ap
pro: ches the trees through a forest ol
giants that gr dually increase in size.
Many pines ten feet in diameter are
passed on the journey, and in this
way the vis tor slowly wori.s up to
trees thit measure above thirty feet
in diameter.
Tobacco Habit.
Since the world-wide diffusion of
the tobacco habit its earliest and per
haps original use has been in a great
measure overlooked. With the abori
gines of America smoking and its
Kindred practices vere not mi re sen
sual gratifications, but tob icco was
regarded as a herb of peculiar and
mysterious sancity and its use was
deeply and intimately interwoven
with native rights and ceremonies.
Tbe Emprru Angusta.
The Empress of? Germany has be
come a magnificently handsome
vcmas. At the review dinner which
took place at the
new palace in Pots
dam recently she
wore a gown of
pale green brocade,
with an extraordi
narily high diadem
of diamond-, and
necklace and other
Xj&W"" ornament of prec
TVjl& ions stones, and
Cf was the observed of
all observers. The
Emperor, iit his
empress or r a t n e r ungainly
germ ant. uniform of the First
Prussian Foot Guards, seemed a rather
awkward sort of boy beside her. All
Germanv agrees that the emprass is
the noblest and handsomest woman
who has ruled in Germaay tor several
generations.
COPTfia ORB AND HOW IT IS
I HEFIMED.
the Mtsala-aa Kzblblt la the Mining
Bmlldlaa" Xilnatratlna; tbe Paoeeaaes
A State Fajnona for tbe Bed
fWorld a Fair Correspondence.!
rJ OF TUiS MOSI
interesting of the
state exhibits in
Mines and Mining
building is that of
Michigan. IJo pains
have been spared
to make aai ex
haustive as well as
attractive showing
and the result is
satisfactory to the
visitor, whether
state pride enters
into his feelings or not Copper, as
the chjief product, is made most prom
inent iii t he exhibit, and in respect to
this nu-etal as a specialty, the showing
is an omplete as that of gold by Cali
fornia, silver by Co orado, or coal by
Pennsylvania. Entering the .Michi
gan sect'on through an arched door
way the visitor finds himself within a
spacious porch. Above him, crowning
the entrance, is a group of figures. In
front! of him is a frieze, in copper,
showing a multitude of brownies en
gaged in sports and labors. Passing
into the exhibit proper he sees that,
Michigan mining men make much of
their most vaiu ible product, for cop
per is everywhere.
i. great mas of the native metal,
ca.Tying conglomerates, is shown.
Tbe tveight is 5,460 pounds, and the
Heckla mine was the producer. Near
by is a specimen of copper hearing
atnydaloids, from the Atlantic mine.
On a car is a great ingot of native cop
per weighing S,5ii0 pounds. Adjoining
is a jugged ingot, weighing upward of
three tons, from the Central mine.
These enormous ingots, not to be
duplicated in any but a Michigan
'nine, are of a dark brown color, where
THE MINNESOTA
th? surfaces are as they were when the
metal was buried de p in the mother
eartn. Edges that have been sawed
or cut are bright, but of a much darker
tint than is thut of copper fresh from
the mill, ingots of copper, native, or
the result of reduction processes, are
shown that are of a deep hue. In
cases along the east side of thasection
carious formations in native copper
are shown. Foliated copper, a curious
leaf-like formation, is attractive from
MICHIGAN 82CTIOH, MINKS XD M ISIS 6
BUILDlNO.
its oddity, fern copper being another
variety. Perhaps the most curious of
tbe native formations is the variety
known as fan copper. On this a num
ber of flat leaves, razor shaped, are
united at one extremity, thence spread
ing out like a folding fan.
Of copper minerals there is endless
variety. The common blue and gren
ofazuriteand malachite are seen in
many specimens, whi e of red oxide
ores there is a good showing. A
beautiful mineral is labeled needle
iron. .
Those who delight in exalting the
labors of thi ancients have long cher
ished the idea that the aborigines of
the Lake Superior region pos-essed
th ' art of producing hardened and
tempered copper. It has been claimed
that weapons and tools have been dis
that, no file could dull.
Thousands of inventors have spent
m re or less of their time in their en
deavors to revivify this "lost art,"
The SmHhsonian Institution, it has
heen said, has specimens of tools of
hardened copper found on the shore of
! jr a cnnnAr. ' The ricriMnn r of a
number of arrow heads and knives of
copcer, used by natives in early times,
displayed in one of the cases, opened
' Sa subject of tempered copper.
"I do not belie ve such a thing ex
ists," said the gentleman in charge of
the ibit. "Copper can be hardened
and some of the alloys are very hard,
althottjra in no form can successful
competition with iron be sustained.'
It is claimed by several that tempered
copper is now being Disced on the
market, but if the art is ever to be dis
covered it has not been achieved so far.
I have investigated and am sure of ti-.a
factaj I have heard of men who Lave
heard of men who have seen weapons
or tools of the aborigines that would
turn the edge of a steel chisel or dull
liie. Personally I have never came
closer to tempered copper than third
band. Neither has any officer of the
Smith -cnian Institution, for I have
made inquiries." So is anot' er fend
delusion banished.
One of the great mining companies
shows a cross section of its property,
the various levels being exhibited by
means elucidating the methods of
timbering and workiug. Ore and sur
rounding rock are represented by
actual spec mens. Another company
sows a horizontal view of its mine.
Each level illustrated by a sheet of
glasb, on which is marked the loca
tion of tunnels and drifts. There arc
seven in all Looking through the
sevejn sheets -of glass, one seas the
mine as he would if air were being
mined, all being transparent except
ing the workings. Each "level" rep
resents the point at which, from the
shaft, a tunnel extends, with drifts or
smaller tunnels radiating in various
;iHct ous to provide for taking out
the lore. 1
Mining and milling machinery is
shojwn in a number of attractive ex
hibits. '1 here are model sbafthouses,
mills and reduction works. , A series
of Oil paintings surround the booth.
showing views of various properties.
wmie photographs nelp in the edu
cation of the inquiring visitor.
I Bora; and Catting Tool.
The announcement is made in the
English journals of some new alloys
for the manufacture of boring and
cutting tools, the cla m being made
far the new substances that they pos
sess a hardness equal to that of tem
pered steel, with the additional ad
vantage of not losing their hardness
STATE SuiLDfNG.
when heated by friction. In the pro
duction of these valuable alloys pis
iron, ferro-manganese, chromium and
tungsten are melted together in
graphite crucibles under stick char
coal and calcined bcrax, the tungsten
and pig iron being melted in clay
crucibles together with the bar iron,
the nickel, copper and aluminum be
ing subsequently added. The metal
is at this time covered with stick char
coal only, and the a lo s are cast ia
sand moulds in the ustta! manner.
For nail cutting blades, cutting blades
for various machines, cntting-out
tools and similar employments the
alloy consists of a certain combination
of pig iron. Swedish bar iron, ferro-
mang&nese, chromium. tungsten,
aluminum, nickel and copper.
Habit of the Sprincbok.
The springboks of South Africa mi
grate in vast herds, moving in a com
pact body and carrying every , hing be
fore them. If a flock of sheep be in
the line of march i as sometimes hap
pens) it is surrounded, enveloped and
becomes, willingly or unwillingly,
part of the springbok army. An Afri
can hunter tells of seeing a lion in the
mstof the antelopes, forced to join
the march. It is supposed that the
lion had sprung too far for his prey,
that those upon whom he alighted re
coiled sufficiently to allow him to
reach the ground, and then tbe pres
sure from both flanks and the rear
prevented him from escaping froa.
his strange cap.ivity.
Ada Sehan'e Enajllali Home.
Charming Ada Rehab is enjoying a
long vacation for the first time in sev
eral yeara It is ia the green country
side, close by Miuacaster castle, in ona
ot the most beauti
ful sections of Eng
land that he:
"bungslow" has
been established.
And a very de
lightfnl one it is
Lord and Ladif
Muneaster took
such a fancy to our
winsome American
actress that they
determined to give
her a beautiful
. . - IVV.
at
ADA Xeha.it. summer house m a
Mrpriee. So they had it built just
isadet the castle's shadow, aad it vraa
completed in less than three weeks
"I rather fancy," says Lord Mun
tastef.. "that your American carpen
ters ouolsta't do an better than that,
don't knew. " .
1
FIELD OF SCIENCE.
ATBST discoveries in
IN-
DUSTRIAL, FIELDS.
I.
Modern Macnetlan ' Under New ' De
veloping roeeeaee A Ievioe to
Teach 6pellna; Scientific New Gath
ered from Huf Climes. -' ' -
Experiment: Shewlnj; Maprnetle Lag-
Most students of electricity know
theoretically! what is meant by mag
netic retardation, or magnetic lag,
and electrical engineers and manufact
urers of electrical machines under
stand the caasea and effects of this
action in the armatures- of dynamos
and motors; jbut to most people, and
especially to students who really de
sire to fix an! idea in their minds, an
experimental demonstration is more
valuable than any amount of theory,
writes George M. Hopkins, in the
Scientific Arh rican.
It is of course impossible to see
what goea on in an armature while
but it Is known mat ine
armature core becomes a magnet oy center point, in mis manner tne m
induction, tind that its poles are of ner and outer axles I are not' always
the opposite name to the adjoining i parallel, but the reason of the former
poles of the! field magnet. It is also J forces the latter td revolve with it.
known that time is required for the j The tubular axle earr es an angular
magnetizatibn and demagnetization i crank from which, the other wheels
of the armature The time element is on the truck are'driven. As the cylinder
v sii .-sly ii
i
Wilik
lil
SHOWING MAGNETIC LAG.
thus seen to be one which cannot be
left out of the calculation in designing
dvnamo-electric machines.
A very j simple experiment, which I
helps to ap understanding of ' what j
magnetic lag is, is shown in the an- !
nexed engraving. A perforated block i
Is inserted between the polar extremi- !
ties of a U-magnet to receive a I
fiointed spindle attached to a soft (
ron disk held near the poles j
of the magnet. The pointed j
end of the spindle rests upon a
roes bar inserted between the arms of I
the magnet. The disk, which turns
very freely, absorbs the magnetic
lines and becomes strongly magnetic.
When tbe disk is at rest, poles are de
veloped in the disk in frontof the
poles of the magnet but when the disk
is turned ever to little, the poles-in
the disk are carried forward in the di
rection of rotation. Th s is proved by
the action of the disk when it stops.
It immediately moves a short distance
in a retrograde direction,, showing
that the points of greatest magnetic
density in the disk lie beyond the
poles of the inaznet in the direction of
the rotation of the disk, and that these
points are attracted toward th wag
net poles. Owing to the friction of
the bearings of tne spindle, and to the
almost immediate readjustment of the-
magnetic lines in the matei ial of the ;
disk, the return movement does not ;
represent the entire lag, but it shows j
in a striking maimer what lag is.
Artiariui India Robber.
Artificial india rubber frotr cotton-
aeed oil is one of the latest industrial
products and claimed to possess com-
mercial adaptations of peculiar prac-
Hf-n.1 taIiip. Thrt manufacture involves
a process not yet given out to the pub-
lic bv the discoverer, who states that,
while experimenting with cottonseed
oil to produce a varnish for paintings,
he obtained a substance entirely for
eign in its make-up and properties to
what was sought not a varnish, bat
rubber. So simple is the process, as
alleji ed, that it is not within the pro
tection of a patent the only safeguard
being, therefore, in the secrecy of the
process, bv the use of which, it is as
serted, only 15 per cent is required of
the genuine rubber to produce an arti-
cle which can in no way be distin
guished from the ordinary crude india
rnbber, it is said, even by experts in
the handling of the latter article.
Arrangements have been made for its
extensive' manufacture and its applica
tion to the various purposes so long
peculiar to the natural material.
A Kindergarten Teaching Device.
An exceedingly simple educational
device, adapted for use in the kinder
garten method of instruction, is shown
in the illustration. A light cylindrical
i
DEVICE TO TEACH ABITHIOETTC.
ease, with a glass front, is divided by
radial ribs into numerous compart- ,
men ts open at their inner ends, where
there is a central recess, in which is
placed a circular pocket This pocket J
handle at the back of the case, as
shown in tbe sectional ' view. Fig. ,2,
aad has in one side a slot to permit
the balls to pass through, one by one,
into the several compartments between
the ribs. By permitting one or mote
balls to pass through the slot as shown
in Fig. l, the pupil may be taught to
add and multiply as the balls are dis
tributed, counting being taught a
the balls are dropped fate , by on a)
through the slot. The device ia also)
designed to serve to some extent t
amuse sorJl jxanils.
s.
7 t-y.-a-
i't Enfftae. .
r'te-t U
On one of tae Kcxicky railways is
a remarkable litf,le locomotive, having
eight whel. U i drivers, but tiie
length cf the Mhfcel base, or' distane
between front and rear axle, is on
sixteen feet - Jft weighs but eig
tons, being designed to work on stet
grades and corves, i.pd has hauled a
train of four embty cars, . weighing
sixteen thousand bound , up a grade
of six hundred feet to the mile, and
around curve -a fifty feet radius,
where the grade was few hundred
and fifty feet to tfte mile, at a speed
of twelve m les . an hour. It trat
one pair of -yiinders, which are
rigidly attached td the m'd ll of the
frame, and the wheels- are carried un
der two trucks, one at each end and
loth able to turn about a center pin
like . the trucks : under passenger
coaches. The front and- rear axles,
that is, the first axle on the front
truck and the last atxle on the second
truck, are hollow, the diame er of the
inside being sufficiently large- to-permit
a second axle to, run through, the
connecting ro s driving these interior
axles by means of crank pins; and the
motion is comniunictted to the tubu
lar axles by universal joints at their
is miaway Detween tne true its, there
is a pieton rod on each face of the
piston, and the forward stroke for the
wheels under the front of the engine
is the back stroke for those in the
rear. "
A Brash Making Machine.
Hitherto the process in brush mak
ing of bunching the bristles and draw
ing them into the holes has been per-
. 1 , , . . , , a
iorraea Dy nana, a macnine oi pecu
liar ingenuity has justt been invented
fM . V, i t, nnrmBA fl-1 V... ? 1 1
contained in a hopper, where they
rKt. hr.r17r.ntAl Iv a.1 r I rrti f anirlM An
the top of a disk, which, by means of
a treadle, is caused to partially rotate,
first in one direction and then in tbe
other. The disk has a notch- formed
in its periphery, and, as the notch
passes under the bristled, some of them
enter into the notch; barore the disk
f returns, a plate joined to the disk is
moved and closes the mouth of tbe
notch, the disk then cimes back and
carries awav the tuft I of bristle re-
I tained in the notch to a
1 which it can readily b
Dsit ion from
I taken by the
fingers of the operative! The whole
; arrangement is that of fa pecker or
i gripper, and can be regulated accord-
j ing to the quantity of
i required to fill the ho e,
passing the wire through
he material
he operative'
the hole by
! means of a special needle
fitted to a
clampt which is held in ths right hand.
tne loop teing automatically formed.
Into this loop the operator passes the
tuft' of - bristles, puUs the wire, and
thus draws tbe bristles into the hole
A Device to Teach Spelling-.
This is a. cheap and simple device,
UT i ir r vn o w Va aa ni ? r sca as-I v 4)aa
" -aVU wv VBU t tc4 1U VUV
pocket. It consists of a' small and
light frame, flash with the back side
AT whifih i a inoai-rarl i rvlacB nrl !1a Hb
w- uivu to j.u ovi u-wv gtaoa, TV uiio JL t-
top or outer portion has flanged edges
Kmz. Trgaj-TTJM1.1L .iJL) laa a -jaSmJL n llls -y
DEVICE TO TEACH SPELLING.
adapted to inclose a slide block de
signed to be moved along over the 1
glass. The device may Ibe applied to
: words or numbers upon k book or any
, other surface, so as to coWer a portion
I and expose other portions, dividing
j tbe word into syllables abd letters, as
j may be desirable in teaching small
I children, or exposing successive fig-
! nres as may be advantagelons in teach-
ine the reading of numbers. The im
provement has been patented by Jose .
Gallegos, Ocas, Guatemala, Central
America. I
Galvanizing haeeaaee.
processes with iron and either metals
is a new process of galvanizing, which
would appear to have some advan
tages oer the older method of steep-
. - , ,a tl al. 1 : .
n 1111 1 11 Lii n ft3t:cui, luuciijucuwt
lniT- H.TL ll'ire, in IDUlieU K1IK. 1,11V G1B1KI
being that by cold gal van' sing a more
uniform coating is obtained, and, in
case of wire, t he tensild strength is
not diminished. Compar it ve tests -of
the hardness o! the coal ing on iron
sheets show that the plati thus gal
vanized has a somewhat 1 isrder sur
face than that obtained by the usual
means. An equallv interesting result
of recent investigations is the success-f.I
f ul coating of metal surface with
glass, in which operation there are
melted together about 125 parts, by
weight, of ordinary flint glass frag
ments, twenty-nine parts carbonate
of sodium and twelve parts of borio
acid; the fused mass is poured out
upon some cold surface, as of stone or
metal, and pulverized when cool, tnen
of this mixture a powder is made with -silicate
of soda, water, gloss solution .
63 degrees Baume and with this coat
th mAtal ia rrla7d hAintr hAutAii in a
muffle or other furnace until it has ar
rived at the requisite fusion; this coat
ing is represented as adhering ' very
urmiy to steei or iron.
Advance in CbemUtry.
The fact is well understood that, fo?
years, chemists have known that pre
cisely the tame elements nece-aary for
ammoniacal manufactures a'e to be
found in the heated vapors of the blast
furnace, which have been allowed to.
go to waste the tremendous heat, as.
Prof. M ark' e pnta it, seeming to nega
tive their utilization, but under pre nr.
sore of necessity a means to that end.
has been found which it is declared,
is a commercial suecet. In Scotland,
especially, the progresa within a com
paratively short time , has been very
rapid in this line, about SO per cent of
the furnaces in that country bavisfr
been "capped," the heated gas being
carried through mile of condense ra
and the products saved. Tho magni
tude and value of this important ad
vance in chemistry way be judged by
the fact that the plant to reclaim tbe
waste products ia greater in cost than
is the blast f unta e itself, and ia scm
of the furnaces tbe pig iro in,
reality the waste product, wi. 1; t'
tar and tr erodecU re 04 rre
sins,

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