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The Daily Ardmoreite. [volume] (Ardmore, Okla.) 1893-current, November 26, 1893, Image 2

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THE WORLD OF LABOR.
INTERNATIONAL.
BRUSSELS,' BELGirM.
The Miners' Strike. The
Strike of the coal miners iu the
Charleroi district was revived nn
cxpectedly. In sympathy with the
men of the Borinasre district, hun
dreds returned to work this morn
ing. Shortly before 3 o'clock,
however, men began to leave the
pus. Juore tnan L.OUU men are
out, and the number is likely to be
increased. In several towns there
Mas some disturbances and troops
have been sent from the large gar
risons.
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND.
PkotestAgainst TROors Sev
eral thousand people attended a
meeting held upon the green here
at which the authorities were
denounced for sending troops into
the mininsr districts, and for kill
ing men who were only, itis claim'
ed, trying to obtain what was just
ly due them. Among the crowd
were men carrying banners upon
which caps of liberty were perch
ed. Mr. Matto, one of the speak
ers, remarked that rent was rob
bery and that profit was plunder.
These assertions caused the wild
est kind of applause and cheers.
Mr. Cunnincham Graham and
others also made violent speeches
saying that the coal mine owners
were traitors and deserved to be
hanged.
LONDON, ENGLAND.
Strikers Continue the Fight.
After a conference which lasted
several hours, between the mayors
of Leeds, Sheffield, Bradford, Not
tingham, Derby and Barnsley, and
the representatives of the striking
coal miners and of the coal mine
owners, at Sheffield to-day, the
miners' representatives agreed to
submit to a general ballet of the
miners, and the mine owners
agreed to refer the matter to an
executive committee of the pro
prietors, the proposals made by
the mayors that the miners should
be allowed to return to work at
the old wages with a reduction of
10 per cent from the 40 per cent
advance in their pay which they
have received since 18SS. The
time at which it is suggested that
the men shall resume work is six
weeks from the present time, as it
will require that much time to put
the pits in thorough working
order. The proposals further pro
vide that a tribunal of conciliation
to deal with the question of wages
shall be established, and, in view
of the severe distress now existing
among the miners, the owners of
the mines shall make money ad
vances to the men, which shall be
payable in weekly installments.
The mayor of Sheffield, who acted
in the capacity of chairman during
the conference, expressed the high
est hopes that the great dispute
between the miners and the own
ers was on the eve cf settlement.
One of the largest paper mills in
the Kingdom has closed its doors,
owing to a lack of coal, and many
other mills are upon the point of
similar uction.
Help for the Striking Min
ers Fully 12,000 people assem
bled in Victoria Park, at the east
end of London, and heard violent
speeches in favor of the striking
miners. Mr. "Tom" Mann, the
labor agitator, addressed an
assemblage of about 2,000 peo
ple at Trafalgar Square, speaking
in behalf of miners on strike in
various parts of England. Mr.
Mann urged the government con
trol of railways and of mines.
Tom Mann as Pastor The
newspapers are making much of
the report that Tom Mann will
take holy orders in December. To
Mann's friends the report is no
surprise. He has had a wide re
ligious experience as a Methodist,
Swedenborgian, etc. Like Tillet,
Hardie, Piekard, and most other
labor agitators in England, he can
talk as well from a pulpit as from
a truck. As a curate of the Es
tablished Church, he is likely to
have some carious experiences, as
hie futare colleagues in the clergy
are already eyeing him askance.
Dikcubseb Socialism A sound
conception of Socialism prevailed
in the meeting of the Ministers'
Union held in London last week.
Dr. Clifford, who presided at the
meeting, "described himself as a
Christian collectivist, who believed
in the collective control of indus
tries, beginning with the national
ization or municipalization of the
gasworks, waterworks, tramways,
and coal mines." The other
speakers one of them Tom Mann,
the labor agitator denounced
"every form of exploitation of the
workingmen." In short, all the
speeches were notable for the
language and tendency which are
affected by Kiev Hardie and John
Burns.
NATIONAL.
ACISl'KS, N. T.
Shoemakers Enjoined.
Judge Foster granted a petition
for a temporary injunction re
straining the 118 defendants,
officers and members of the Inter
national Boot and Shoe Workers',
Lasters' Protective and Cutters'
Unions from further acts tending
toward the intimidation of the help
in the. shoe shops here, and to the
injury of the business of the man
ufacturers. This action on the
part of the manufacturers was
unexpected, and there is great
excitement.
CINCINNATI. O.
Unemployed Strike. Five
hundred unemployed men in Cov
ington, Ky., went on a strike.
Last Thursday the City Council
and Board of Aldermen of Coving
ton passed an ordinance to employ
500 unemployed Covingtonians in
a quarry that the city owned. A
lot of picks and shovels were pur
chased, and the men showed . up
for work. City officials were on
hand to look after them, and each
man was told that he would be
paid 50c a perch. By working 10
hours, they could earn $1.50 per
day. The leaders struck, and
wanted $1.50 a day of eight hours-
This would not be tolerated, but
some of the men wanted to go to
worc any how, but the leaders
interfered and the unemployed
Vent out on a strike.
MACON, MO.
ox Strike. Mining
Still
matters at Bevier are still at a
standstill. Notices were sent from
Bevier to all the mining camps in
this and adjoining states telling
men to stay away until the strike
was settled. Many of the oldest
and best men have left Bevier and
will seek work elsewhere. There
has been no disorder of any kind,
but a settlement of some kind will
have to be made soon.
PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Reception of the French
Delegates A kind reception
was given to the French Labor
delegates in this city on their re
turn from the World's Fair. Com
rade Bendittof Cigarmakers Union
105 delivered a short address ol
welcome, which was responded to
by one of the delegates, Comrade
Lecavallee of Paris. Comrade
Henryot delivered an eloquent ad
dress to the French delegation and
was greeted with applause.
Textile Workers' Union.
This union has elected a committee
for the purpose of finding out ways
and means to assist the thousands
of unemployed workmen in Ken
sington and vicinity. All business
men have beeu requested to help
in aiding the poor workers and i
their families.
Brewery Workers' Union No.
held a well-attended meeting
and initiated several new members.
Mr. Pommer of New York was
present and gave an extensive re
port of the proceedings of the
Milwaukee Convention of the In
ternational Union.
Leather Workers' Union
held a meeting and decided to re
move its headquarters to the Labor
Lyceum. The first meeting in the
new ball will be held on October
18th.
WALLACE, IDAHO.
Continue the Strike. The
anion miners on Canyon Creek
have decided to go with the strike
and not accept the tender of the
mine-owners for 3.50 for the
miners and $3.00 for car men and
shovelers. The Butte Union,
which has loaned the local nnions
here considerable money, sent
delegates, and they demanded that
the strike be carried on. The
mine-owners say they will put
competent men at work as fast as
they can get them.
Killed by Hirelings. James
Pitts, the fireman on the Peoria
and Eastern Railway, who was
shot by Special Deputy Stokes, of
the VA? Four shciis, died. Pitts
was merely a spec tutor, and was
taking no part in the riotous pro
ceedings. Stokes has not been
arretted.
st. i.oris, MO.
Another victory of the
Brewers. Wm. J. Lemp has
also signed the Beer Drivers' and
Brewery Firemen's contract. The
contract has now been signed by
two of the largest breweries in the
city, both of which are members
of the Brewers' Association. A
conference will be held with the
secretary of the association with a
view to having the contract signed
by the remaining members of the
association. The managers of the
American, Home and Columbia
breweries, which are not members
of the association, will be request
ed also to sign the agreement. '
Sewer Workers Strike.
The striking sewer workmen are
still out. Committees are keeping
watch over the jobs in construc
tion, and whenever a gang of men
are put to work they are immedi
ately notified that a strike is in
existence and thus far have had
no trouble in getting the men to
quit work. A gang of Italians
were put to work on the Prairie
avenue sewer, but did not hesitate
to quit work when told that a
strike was in progress. One of
the members of a committea was
arrested for endeavoring to call off
a gang of workmen on a job in the
North End.
Garment Cutters' Trouble.
The trouble between Garment
Cutters' and Trimmers' Assembly
and the Schwab and Marx & Haas
Clothing companies, due to a re
duction of wages by these firms,
has been put in the hands of the
Executive Board of District As
sembly No. 4, who will decide
whether or notthe companies were
justified in making the cnt. The
managers of the companies have
expressed their willingness to
abide by the decision of the execu
tive board.
Want Their Contract Signed.
A committee from the Knee
Pants Workers' Union has been
busily engaged canvassing the
knee pant factories in order to
have their contract signed. They
report that all the firms, with the
exception of the McGnire Clothing
Company, have signed the con
tract. The boycott placed on the
delinquent clothing company some
time ago will now be pushed with
vigor.
Book kinder? Meet. Union
No. 18, of the National Brother
hood of Bookbinders indorsed the
action of the delegates to the
National Convention in inviting
the national body to meet in this
city next May, which has been ac
cepted. The Paper Rulers' Union
has made application for a charter
under the regulations of the Broth
erhood of Bookbinders, and will
shortly affiliate with that body.
George.A. Page was chosen Vice
President to fill a vacancy caused
by the resignation of Mr. Schoen
felt. The union label of the
broom-makers was indorsed.
Watch Case Makers Explain.
The employes of the St. Louis
Watch Case Company state that
they have no trouble with Isaac
Swope & Co., but with the St.
Louis Watch Case Company,
Isaac Swope, as its peesident.
About the middle of July thq men
were subjected to a 10-per-eeut re
duction in wages. They submit
ted, and after working two weeks,
were told that they would have to
work i..til time. After working
half time for one week they were
told that the shop would close
down, but if the men were willing
to accept another cut of 10 per
2000
to worK, witn tne u
that they would have the rastiO
per cent restored after the 2000
cases were finished. After ful
filling their part of the agreement
they were told that if they did not
want to work longer at a 20 per
cent reduction they could quit.
Boycotts Still On. The boy
cotts against Boss butcher Anton
Laux, Boss brewer Louis Obert,
and the Welle-Boettler Baking
Co., are still being visrorcusly
pushed.
Retail Clerks' Boycott.
The Executive Board of Local No.
SO, Retail Clerks' Association,
have met G. Deale & Bro.'s, of
Franklin avenue and Olive street,
on several occasions, and have
tried their utmost to settle matters
between said firm and Local No.
SO. They have exhausted all fair
means to settle the difficulties,
but to no avail, and have con
cluded now to push the boycott
against Geo. Deal & Bro.'s stronger
than ever and ask all friends of
Organized Labor to assist them
in their fight against Capital by
staying away from the stores of
said firm.
NEW YORK.
A public meeting was held un
der the auspices of the Labor
Conference last Saturday night at
Union Square to protest against
Gov. Flower's and Mayor Gilroy's
indifference and inactivity in re
gard to the question of helping the
unemployed of New York.
Speeches were made by Messrs.
Campbell, Evans, Weismann,
Barends, King and Sullivan.
ORGANIZED LABOR
CIALISM.
AND SO-
secoxd LECTURE OF LAWRENCE
CRONLUND UNDER KIIE AUSPICES
or st. loiis trades and
LABOR UNION.
A largely attended mass-meeting
under the auspices of the
Trades and Labor Union of St.
Louis was held at Central Turner
Hall. Laurence Gronlund deliv
ered his second lecture on the
subject of "Organized Labor and
Socialism." He said:
"Socialism means public man
agement of all industry under
democratic auspicas, that every
citizen performs some public
function in the administration of
affairs. Socialists prefer to use
the word administration instead
of government. Socialism will be
a blessing and is sure to come
and soon and therefore we should
prepare for it.
"Organized Labor ought to pre
pare for it. Socialism is more
than the Labor question. Social
ism will create an abundance, give
freedom and security aud be a
blessing to all. Under our present
system we are daily temp
ted to immorality. Under Social
ism every citizen will be given
suitable work and pubsistance.
Every one will become honest and
painstaking, we need only the
same human nature we have now
but under different conditions.
All reforms are accomplished not
by gradual and imperceptible
steps but rather, while the progress
at first is slow, the movement be
comes accelerated and finally with
a bound the revolution is accomp
lished. This is the case in the
evolution of all human affairs.
"The interest3 of Capital and
Labor are not the same. Labor
is a living thing and must be
where the work is, while Capital
is a dead thing. We cannot do
without Capital but" we can do
without Capitalists.
"All legislation against trusts is
futile and the trusts will go on
forming until all industry from
the Atlantic to the Pacific shall be
under their monopolistic control
and by that time it will be abso
lutely necessary to try Socialism.
Let ns begin the peaceful elimina
tion of the Capitalist by purchas
ing his plant at its actual value
and paying him therefor in annui
ties without interest. We must
take care cf our trades unions be
cause wo will be compelled to do
so by the organization of Capital
"Trades unfeuism
in earlier j
cent for
times was ptrictly forbidden by ; with the possibility of such dis
law; but they existed, never' he- pules by abolishing the employing
:
until 1825, when they were
(legalized in England. I will admit
that the condition of the laboring
classes has improved in the last
40 years, bnt the improvement is
due to organization.
"The presence of machinery
should tend toward bettering the
condition of the laboring classes,
but this is not the case. It is good
that there is discontent, for dis
content increases with social im
provement. Respectability is an
important factor in American life,
and it is in the struggle for this
respectability that the laboring
classes are engaged. The love of
liberty so dominant in Americans
is to us a great damage. Americans
have not the right to do as they
please. Their love of liberty is
confused with their great idolatry
cf license, of which they should be
freed as soon as possible. The
present state of government tends
to produce immorality. It is in
deed to be wondered at that there
are so many good people in the
world when the vast majority are
dependent for their daily bread on
the favor of some fellow-citizen,
and the lime will cone when it
will be considered immoral for a
man to keep outside the union of
his trade.
"The laboring men should have
the legislatures make unions priv
ileged bodies to make rules which
non-union men must respect.
Laws should also be made com
pelling industrial arbitration. The
selfishness of labor and of the
farmer as classes are alike and
identical with the public welfare,
and for this cause they should
work for each other's good and
extend and strengthen trades
unions and the Farmer's Alliance.
The tendency of all movements for
bettering the condition of labor is
toward Socialism, and the advo
cates of single tax are the 'John
the Baptists' of Socialism, which
must inevitably be realized."
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION
A New York capitalist paper
publishes the following interview
with a labor leader who is affiliated
with the New York Central Labor
Federation:
"There is now on foot in this
country and iu Europe a plan to
form an international railway union
which will include in its member
ship all the railroad employes in
the civilized world. The chief
benefit of such a union will be
through the bureaus of internation
, ,M tm v.
I li 1UIUULU LUCfSU,
for instance, the printers of Eng
land aud France are notified
through the International Typo
graphical Union that the trade in
this country is overcrowded, that
many men are out of work, and the
unions are warned to keep their
members from coming to the
United States. In the same way
when trade is good and wages
high the labor organizations in
other countries are notified, and
the men who wish to emigrate are
allowed to do so. The amalga
mation of the American Railway
Union and the French Union of
the same trade will be easy. In
France the workingmen are all
Socialists, who balieve in class
war and in independent political
action on the part of the working
class. The American Railway
Union, which is less than six
months old, is organized on the
same basis and the same principle
runs all through its constitution.
It was fcunded by Eugene V. Debs
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen, and his object was to
start an organization which would
supersede the old brotherhoods of
the different railroad trades. The
American Railway Union now
claims a membership of nearlj'
100,000, two-thirds of the total
membership of all theold brother
hoods put together. It admits to
membership every employe of a
railroad, no matter in what ca
pacity, whereas the brotherhoods
only admit skilled labor. The
organization is also opposed to
strikes, and favors arbitration of
all disputes between employers
and employes. It also iuvors
independent; political action on
Socialist lines, which will do away
class. While the whole anion is
governed by one central council
each trade has its own organiza-,
tion inside the general one, whictV
looks after its own affairs. Be
sides the intended amalgamation
of the railway unions, the work'
ingmen's organizations of France,
Belgium, Holland, Switzerland,
Germany, England and Italy are
about to issue a joint appeal to the
workers of America to join them
in organizing an international So- ;
cianst party, in wnicn tne workers
of all countries shall act together
politically. One feature will be
that the expense of elections in one
country shall be borne by all
countries equally, and thus the
weaker and poorer organizations
will have a chance to carry on a
vigorous propaganda.
"The beginning has been made
by some unions here, notably those
connected with the Central Labor
Federation."
TO A FAIRMINDED PUBLIC IN
GENERAL AND ORGANIZED
LABOR IN PARTICULAR.
Greeting: The Furnitnre Work
ers' Union hereby appeals to yon.
to extend to it and its members
your moral support in order to in
duce two firms to do justice
their employees, as well as the or
ganized furniture workers
These two firms are:
Brunswick, Balke & Collender
(oilliard table manufacturers)
anu
Rothschild & Co., otherwise
known as the American Bar
Fixtures Co.
Both firms have factories in all
the larger cities of the country,
the principal ones being located in
New York, Chicago, Cincinnati,
St. Louis, Indianapolis, etc.
All attempts to organize their
employees were frustrated in the
most reprehensible manner possi
ble. Every union man was dis
charged and victimized as soon as
his connection with the organiza
tion became known.
The negotiations attempted by
us with both firms led to no resnlt
and after considerable shifting
about they flatly declared that
they wanted to have "nothing
do with organized labor or
representatives."
We have done all in onr power
to put a stop to the tyrannical
treatment and unfair exploitation
of their men, but having failed
thus far, we appeal to you to give
us your moral support and aid in
securing justice from these firms.
This can best be done by pat
ronizing other places than those
where billiards made by Bruns
wick, Balke & Collender. or bar
fixtures of Rothschild & Co., i. e.,
the American Bar Fixtures Co.,
are in use; by bringing every pos
sible influence to bear to have
them replaced wherever found,
and to continue to specially favor
other goods until such time a3 the
firms in question see tit to do jus
tice to organized labor.
All saloon-keepers, brewers and
other business men who use. store
and office fixtures are hereby re
quested not to allow themselves to
be persuaded by the agents of the
aforesaid firms that they are run
ning strict union shops for thtfy
are not and by bearing this fact
in mind and acting accordingly a
great deal of good and less vexa
tion will be accomplished to you
and for us and to all concerned.
It hardly needs mention that the
furniture workers of America have
ever been ready to aid and help
other organizations, hence we be
lieve that in this straggle other
will help and enable us to' bring
such concerns paying starvation
wages to their senses.
This matter has been submitted
to the Executive Council of the
American Federation of Labor,
and after due consideration has
been found correct and sanction
ed. All workingmen, and especially
all organizations affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor,are
therefore earnestly requested to-
make the fight their own.
Hoping that yon will not deny
us your valuable assistance, we
remain
Yours with fraternal greeting
National Executive Comm.
International Furniture Workers -Union
of America,
949-955 Willoughby Ave-,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
(
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