( HIDKET HUaUS.)
1 rnomtBTna, J
AEDMORE. INI). TER., MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 2. 11)03. SDBSGRIPTIOR. S5 A TEAR.
ANNUAL REPORT OF DAWES COM
MISSION INTERESTING ONE.
"The Report Which Has Just Been
Made Public Reviews Work of
Commission Since Organiza
tion Big Expenditure.
T Uio Arutnoroltu.
Washington, O. C. .Dtf. 27. TIio
Dawo conimlBfilon In Us tenth an
mini runort, which ha Jutrt bwn nailo
public, rovlowK tho work of the Mni
mission Kinco its orKanlzatlon and
Hiatus Unit thus far tho commission
has oxnomW about $1,000,000. In
sponklng of the operation of the com-
mission under tho Curtis and supple-!
mantal acts, the report says: .
Tho Curtis act undortook not to lot.oxpenso of tho first flvo years of fruit
anylxxly and everybody romc forward-
and take publlr land, but to adminis
ter upon the live- great estats, aggre
xatlng 20.0('(Mi0O acres. It ordered
these estates to be partitioned among
individual heirs upon the principle
of equal valuo and it rould. hardly
havo dopo less, and at our expense,
under tho stipulations of treaties.
Nor wns it a disposition of wild
lands, or of land of uniform value.
V related to vast tracts covered by
tho homes and other Improvements
of a great population, threaded In ev
ery direction by railroads, filled with
villages and largo towns of the most
modern character, and without a wig
wam or blanket Indian within the lim
its of tho territory.
It was a vast and dllllcult undertak
ing, and no previous disposition of
either land or tribes afforded prece
dents for guidance.
Manifestly two Indispensable duties
lay at the very beginning of the bus!
First, to determine who were the
bono, fide citizens or heirs entitled to
ruherit the.'o properties; und secend,
to take an Inventory jof the proper
ties to be divided.
When those two tasks had been per
formed as to any tribe, thC7i only wns
! possible to begin tho Intelligent
and equitable division of Its estate.
There was practically nothing to go
upon In either lustanct and the whole
work had to be dono from tho begin
ning. In determining the heirs, tho om
ulsslon has heard and passed upon
tho individual applications of moro
than 200,000 claimants; or thlsnumbcr
seme 128,000 havo been so disposed
of since i Mo passage of the Curtis
net. All of theso cases had to be
inado matters of record, many of them
nvolving hundreds nnd some of them
thousands of pages of evidence and
pleading, and of the total number
more than half havo been icjectcd as
not entitled to share In the properties
,t tho tribes.
In valuing the properties tor distri
bution, every forty acres has had to
be loca-fd, classed and plattod, mak
ing some 500,000 separate Items of
property to be so treated, and It .. t
ir.en necesi-ary to locato by carorul
-iiiveys tin homes and improvomor.ls
tho pcop!e upot many million': or
acres In order to got their correct
land numler8 nnd thus enable thorn to
B. F. FRENSLIiY,
A rum ore, indinn ierri;ory.
Designated Depository for Bankrupt Funds ot Cickasaw Nation.
Capital paid in
The oldost bank In Indian Territory. Accounts of lirms and indl Itlimlt
solicit' 0 upon the most llboral terms consisting with good hanking.
W. S. WOLVERTON & SON,
Insurance, Bonds, Real Estate3
Tine Largest and Stronceat Agency
In the Two Territories.
Gbkkrai. Aobnts I
Illinois Life IuRtirnnee Co.,'
United States Fidelity and Guaranty Co.
sccuro tho IojhIb they wlah nnd rcta:n
posMisslon of their homon ns required
by law. They had settled and lived
tor nearly throo-quartcrs of a contury
with no roRard for survey lines, and
wlUi no records such as wo havo In
tho suites and In other territories.
All this had to bo done, and all this
and much moro lias been dono since
tho 28th of June, 180S. At tlmoa the
commission has had In Its omploy as
many ns COO clerks, surveyors, sur
veyor's assistants, land appraisers,
teamsters and laborers engaged In the
work outlined and In tho platting, roll
making and other work Incident to
such an undertaking.
Tho work of determining tho right
ful citizen or heirs and of getting the
properties Into necessary shape for
distribution was all Indlspenslblo pre
llminary work, and by rar tho greator
part of tho work to bo done; hut It
has boon finished wlUi tho exception
of sonio nominal tractions delayed
Horn spwlal oauwx. and a yerv large
part of the final distribution has been
ninde, all at a cost Including oven the
lww negotiation, of about flvo cents
The work remaining to be done Is
(hlolly the unflnlsned allotlng f the
lands of tho Cherokee anil of tho
Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes,
thoso of tho Creeks and Seinlnoles be-
Ingf practically disposed of. If our ice
emendations made elsewhere arc adop
ted, the surplus lands of the Creeks
will be sold by tho secretary of tho
Interior without tho, aid of this com
Tho Creek land office has been -at
lotting tho lands of that trlbo for six
months with Interruptions by reason
of tho great Hoods during the spring
of 1003, and tho failure of funds caus
ed cessation of work during tho month
of June, except for threo and a half
days. Tho allotments, howovor, during
tho six months ending June 30 of the
present year, wero 10,070 In number.
This Indicates that tho people of tlwt
nation should all have had their
homos assigned 'to them by tho end
o' tho calendar year 1901, unless
there is greater dilllculty In locating
tho full-bloods and poorer classes at
tho end than is experienced In tho
earlier stages of tho work, and. if It
h not retarded' by injunctions or other
unavoidable interruptions; and It
scorns not uhreasonablo to expect that
upon tho same Hues of reasoning, Uio
entlro work of tho territory will bo
disposed of, except such reninpnts as
are Incident to all largo undertakings
Involving protracted contentions, by
tho end of tho fiscal year. 190
Tho samo interests aro opposed to
tho completion of this business that
wore opposed to Its bolng commenced,
and as the end draws near they pur
sue with redoubled cnorgy tho tame
tactics of obstruction, rautt-flnding,
exaggeration, slander, anil all manner
of false statements, lu ordor to con
fuse tho sl'uatlon, muddy the waters,
embarrasa, hinder and prevent tho
conclusion of tho work. Hut every con
sideration that Iegltlmato interest
calls for the firm nnd consistent
malntnlnanco of tho past and present
policy of the government; and wo
only ask ror congress and the adminis
tration, whoso Instruments wo are,
that berore they heed theso extraor
dinary statements, yet not moro ex
tiaordlnary than Uioso or 1898, they
hear both sides now as then, und wo
will develop that they are false In
substanco and aro voiced only by men
whom wo havo foiled, or are seeking
to foil, In lawful and predatory
practices, or by tho credulous and de
luded followers of mich men."
Slnco tho enrollment work com
menced 128,100 cases havo been dis
posed of. Tho general classification
of theso applicants aro ns follows'
ChoctawH, Mississippi Choctaws
In the Choctaw and Chickasaw na
tions thoro havo liccn 28,912 applicants
enrolled; 23,221 applicants rejected,
and Uiero nro now pending 11,773 ap
plicants yet undetermined.
In the Creok Nation 29.778 appli
cants havo been enrolled, and tneir
enrollments approved by the depart
ment. Thoro aro 9S3 applicants not
yet approved. 1.960 applicants reject-
oil. and thoro still remains II!, 429 ap
plicants yet to bo acted uikw.
In tho Crook Nation 9,621 Creek In
dians have Ikjou enrolled and 1,951
Crook freed men, and their enrollment
npproved by Uio department. Then
still remains 190 applicants of Crook
blood who are enlisted for enrollment
and 52 whoso right havo not yet been
determined. Thero are 121 Creek freed
men enlisted for enrollment and 13
whoso rights to enrollment havo not
yet been determined
The report shows tho following
am 30 for each nation
6,950,0 13.66 1
, "A.. .Art n - I
In tho Creek Nation
tlons havo been made and 2,430,370.711
acres have been allotted. 11,400 Creok
citizens have received complete allot
ments. This number Includes 2,183 ar
bitrary allotments made by tho com
mission nnd S7C allotments to liolra
nnd deceased persons. Partial allot
ments havo been mado to 311 per
while 77 whoso final enrollment has
been approved by tho secretary of the
Intorlor havo received no allotments,
Slnco tho opening of tho land of
fice In Uio Creole Nation 3,721 per
sons, representing 8,150 allottees,
havo appeared beforo tho commission
and applications for 10.079 nllotmcuts,
or practical allotments, havo been
mnde. Three-fourths of the applicants
do net complete Uiolr allotments at
tho time of their original applications
but return and make a second appll-
cution, In order to select ns near as
may bo, land equal In valuo to 110
acres of tho average allotment land.
Of the 10,079 applications made,
3,327 havo boon suspended localise
tho land applied for had been previ
ously selected by other citizens, be-
cauo it was included in the Dela
ware segregation, or because tho cit
izenship of tho applicant had not been
finally passed u-on by tho secretary
of tho Interior. Theso applicants em
brace 652,180 acres of land, tho aver
age allotment bolng 80 acres. Thero
still remains subject to bo allotted In
In Cherokeo Nation approximately
3.700,000 acres of land.
Slnco the Choctaw land olllco war,
opened on April 15, 1903, 1,537 tickets
of admission havo been issued. It is
estimated that tho persons who havo
Shock! v Furniture is a
Habit That's iMisrhtv Bad
: 1 1131 8
AKOMORli, INU, TUR
Capital Stock and Additional Liability, : : : :
Largest of any Bank
nr i. ii i
vvu accept Biiuiu aim large accounts ana conduct a
General Banking Business for you.
C. R. Smith, President.
C M. Campbku,, Vico-Pres.
Lee Croce, Cashier.
Q. W. Young, Stockman
J.C. Thompson. Attorney,
received tickets of admission repre
sent G,uw) allottee Applications for
1,812 allotments havo boon mndo,
classified as follows:
Choctaw by blood 1,440
Cblckasaws by blood 89
Mississippi Choctaws 17
Choclnw frcedmen 149
Chickasaw froedmen 117
Tho land embraced In these selec-
tlons nggrognto 300,1 IS, 25 acres nnd
Includes 1,110 homesteads designated
by Uio allottoes.
At the Chickasaw land olllce tickets
of admission havo been Issued to 1,993
porsons, representing approximately
S.000 citizens. Applicants for 1.57S nl-
lotmebts have been made, which may
ho claMlflcd n follows:
Choctaws by blood fill
Ohlclwsnws by blood 55'
Mississippi ClKclaws 52
C.hlckasuws by InteiniHrrlage 2
Tln"o allotments embrace approxi
mately 33O.U00 acre of kind.
The commltslmi recommended tho
following legislation by congress:
As will bo seen by tho foregoing
statement In tho report touching upon
the allotment or Creok lands, 11,100
citizens of that tribe hnvo received
complete nllotmcuts of lt'.O acres. The
rolls of Uio Creek Nation have not yet
been completed, for the reason here
tofore stated, but comparatively few
allotments remain yet to be made. Up
on Uio completion of an allotment or
160 acres to each citizen, under exist-
lng laws, It will bo necossnry to enter
. i . . ..
upon a HCCOnu (UHirilHlllOIl lu rquui
Izo the value of allotments. Such a
course would eutall an endless amount
-l. ft I ... 1 . PAA (i .A
ui vurn. ')(UAiuuuiiy uuu.uuu u;n-
wouiu mus nave 10 ue uiviueu. ah
this labor may be avoided through a
fnlo of this surplus land, nnd as tho
memuers oi me iriiH are noi in ueeti
of It the commission recommends Uiat
such IcKitdutlon bo enacted by con-
grcu'as will authorize tho secretary
o tho Interior to dispose or Uicbo ex-
!... .t .. i.t.i.. t tt...
cess lands under scaled bids for tho nsaw Nations, It Is believed thnt pro
benefit of the tribe, the fund derived vision should bo mado at the next
therefrom to be utilized In equalizing
the vnlue or allotments.
Allotment lu the Seminole Nation
wn completed oa June 28. 1902. There
remains a surplus of 18,030.61 acres
In that nation Thoro nrcompanlos
this report as an exhibit a map show
ing the locntlon of those lands ns re
lated to the remainder or tho Semi
nole territory. The commission rec
ommend thnt legislation bo enacted
which shall provide for the salo of
those lauds, under sealed bids, by the
secretary of tho lntorio- for the hone
fit or the tribe.
Attention has boon Invited to the
dllllcultlos which have developed In
c nucctlon with the allotment or lands
claimed to have been acquired by
railroad corporations under tho act or
February 28. 1902. The legislation In
question Is entitled "An act to grant
the right or way Uirough the Okla
homa Territory and the Indian Terr!
tory to the ICnld and Anadarko Hall
way company, nnd for othor purifi
es." No provision Is contained lu this
law requiring the fling or plats by
the railroad companies with this com
mission, and it has no official record,
tliereroro, of what lands have been or
may bo acquired undor this act by
railroads, a condition which Is llkoty
to cause serious complications as al-
in the Chlckaaaw Nation.
R. A. JoNKB, Wholesale and Httuil
Sau Noiilk, Wholesale Hardware,
J.R. Pennington, " Grocer.
R. W Randol. Merchant.
Utment progresses. Tho commission
n-coutiucnds that tho net bo amended
so as to provide that railroad compa
nies shall Hie with tho commission to
tho five civilized tribes plats of land
sought to bo ncqulrod.
On Uio commencement of allotment
In tho Choctaw nnd Chlcknsaw Nations
It soon developed that lumbermen and
speculators wero taking stops to oo-
quire from the allottees tho plno Urn-
ber heretofore, estimated and nppnils
ed by tho commission. In some oases
tho allottees were preparing to dlsposo
of tho samo at a nominal sum, and
tho commission thorouiKm ordorod
that lnmlH containing estimated plno
timber bo withheld from allotment.
fills action was approvod by tho de '
partment on Juno 12. 1903. Tho com-1
mission now recommends that leKlsIa
(Ion be enacted providing for tho sale. '
under sealed bids, of standing pine In
the CliiH-taw Nntliiu heretofore null
The agreement with th ChiH'tnws
anil ChlrknsHWM approved July I. :
1!'02. provides that coal and anphalt
lauds and iluKMlt shalt bo sold at!
auction. Tho commission Is of the '
opinion thnt a much lnrgor sum will '
be realized for tho Choctaw and Chick I
neuw Nations If this law bo modified
so as to provide for the mile or coal
and asphalt, lands and deposits under
Congress, on February 19,1903, pass
ed an act creating recording districts
in Indian Tefrltorj. For tho protection
of commercial Interests It Is believed
otsentlal that n law should bo enact-
I ...1 1, 1 1., . It.... nll 1 . . ...... . ,..
" ""iiiiuf, iuw. mi ii-.inus, i-uilliuuut
or Instruments or conveyance oxecutod
by cltlzoiiB or the Churokeo nnd Creek
I KTfl i (jifii n fWtstt lnr IftA tlltr. nt m
i "vuii,, mvi uuu ti tuvn
" ' m-nrnm vuim, huhii, wmiiii
uiiny nays irom mo date or such con-
tract be recorded In tho recording
." uinuni m which me in im
o affected lies
In as much as no rights or passage
are assured the public at the present
tlmo through tho Choctaw und Chick
nnnu' NTnllnne It I l,nll,i,ul llml nr
ensuing session or congress for the
establishment or public hlghwnys In
those two tribes.
Tough on the School Teacher,
l-awton, 0. T Dec. 26. In Uie
school room In district 81, ton miles
south Of this city yesterday morning,
Miss Mary Maudlin, a young teacher,
was severely beaten by an old lady
.md her two daughters who caino ear
ly to tho school and awaited tho ar-
iva! -f tho teacher.
MiHb Maudlin was hammered In tho
oorner or the room and her antiigon-
Ists nssaulto 1 her with tholr fists and
sticks or wood. She escaped Into Uio
school yard and wis followed by one
ff tho girls crying, "I will kill you."
ycung man who Hu-d near riishod
up in lime to save the gir from se
rious inj:.ry The affair was ".e result
o t' e whipping on the previous ov
c nii :; of a 12-year-old b. namei
t las'is flay, son of the woir.a. who
ir.adi lite a. iu.lt.
Tho parliamentary class will meet
at tlto Whlttlngton hotel Saturday af
ternoon. January 2, at 2:30 o'clock.
Lesson will bo through "Amend
ments." Question for discussion,
MACCIIC W. 1IAHKY.
No man wants to marry a woman
who throws a siouc like a man.
J. A. BIVENS, Presldnt
n. H. PALMER, Cashier.
Account )f flrrua and Individuals solicited.
Accorded all alike.
ALL GROCERS SELL IT.
STATEMENT GIVEN OUT BY POST.
Adopted the Use of Leather Strap In
stead of Twine for Carriers In Ty
ing Up Their Mall for Delivery
on Thejr Routes.
To the Ardmoroltc.
Washington, D. C, Hit:. 26. Tho
postoffiee department has given out
the following statement wlthrcforonoo
1 1 the administration of A. W. Macli
en. former superintendent of tho fno
delivery bureau, and who Is now under
Indictment for malfeasance lu ofTteo:
On the antli of September, 1893,
four days nrtor A. W. Mactien became
superintendent of free delivery, ho
i recommended to the first uaslatunt
i post master general that leather straps
, In used by carriers lu tying up tholr
, mall fur dollvery on tholr routes, In
' stead of twine. The ixcommendatlon
was npproved by Uio first assistant
postmaster general, and from that
day strops have been used. Machcu
stated In his letter of recommenda
tion that Uio straps could bo had for
10 cents each', but no contract wns
ever entered Into by Uio department,
and as a result, Muclien bought tho
straps from Ceo. I). Ijimb, payliiRhlm
12 1-2, 15 nnd 17 1-2 centH eneJi for
slzea 1, 2 and 3, reBtcctlvoly. Theso
1 .,r,.0(1 continued until ho was removed
I from ofllCO IlUlb Plwil W. C. iI1K a
commission of 2 1-2 cents per strap
. ...... ..,, i.. tho i,.to inyog
Mtlcntlou tho Inspectors discovered that
Long divided Uio money with Maclion.
On October 20, 1903, tho postmastor
general Invited bids Tor tho furnishing
of fitnips rrom December 1, 1903, to
Juno 20, 1907. Klght blda wero sub
mitted. A committee consisting of
Theodoro Ingalls, C. M. Waters and
Kdwln A. Nelss wns appointed by tho
postmaster general to receivo tho bids
and mako recommendations as to the
awarding of tho contract;, nnd today,
upon Uie recommendation of thU
committee, 'Uio -lostmaster general
awarded tho contract to Headlcy and
Fanner of Newark, Now Jersey, the
price for Nos. 1, 2 and 3 bolng 4, 5
nnd 6 cw'nts each, respectively, or
about one-third Uio amount paid for
tho straps by Murium.
Died at Kingston.
Uist Friday, night lu u camp uc-ir
tho west section house, Mr. Hlcopass
Ho was 01 years of age and was
moving from Texas to Ardmoro. Ho
was buriod horo Friday evening. Hla
wife, who nlono -was with him, aud
her son-lu-law, who won phoned for
nt Ardmoro, conUnucTl their Jouruoy
on to Ardmore.
His wlfo says ho was subject to
heart failure, and about Uireo o'clock
this morning awoke and said ho would
get up "and they could drive to Ard
moro that day, but failed to get up,
and when she again aroused him ho
wjis dend. Kingston Messongcr.
"Wo might discuss tho mental make
up of tho woman who believes nil hor
husband tells her If thero wero any
A. WOLVIiRTON, Ant. Cn'
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