Newspaper Page Text
UiMivy Wliitoinnn 1'i c
'I K si in inn! raff , VOfJTWK XI. HID I I' DNKY BUOOS.l AltDMOllE. LNJ) TJSIL THURSDAY EVENING . OCTOBER 18. HUM SUBSCRIPTION 50G PER MONTH NTMBKH 289 orktiTou, RELICS FOUND DISCOVERIES SHOW THAT SPAN IARDS DWELT IN TERRITORY. Around Fort Gibson Evidence Is Found That This Race Had Large Bury. Ing Ground Mining Tools and Old Furnaceo Discovered. Holies nml marks which have been found In tho neighborhood or Fort Oibson would Indlcnto Hint years ago bufore tho ndvont of tho United States government Spaniards Inhabited the borders or the Indian Territory, 'in many places about Fort Gibson min ing tools, old furnaces and other ovl donee or exteualvo mluliif; operations have been found and the best evidence of nil Is the discovery of an old Span ish graveyard located on the old Chier Husbyhead farm, now owned by J. T. Earnest, about three miles southwest of Fort Gibson. J. M. Smith of that place, who work ed the farm with his rather twenty years ago says that at that tlmo there were nearly 100 graves marked by stones made of natlvo material cut In the form of crosses. There were per haps 200 more stones that bore no In scriptions. Air. Smith says that ho L P. ANnnilSON. President C. L. ANDERSON. C.nhler FIRST NATIONAL Ardtnorc, Indian Territory Capital Paid In Surplus Funds . Total Thu oldest bank In Indian Territory. Account, of Urmn nnd lnllvtiltialn solicited upon the mint liberal term, consistent with itood bnklui;. R. A. JONZ FURNITURE THAT'S J. A. BIVEN5, President. DON LACY, Vice-President. ass inh Capital Surplus Funds Accounts of flrmt and IndlTlduals Aooorded I fi TV NAT fl H SB ft. W. S. W0LVERT0N & SON Insurance, Bonds, Real Estate, Abstracts The lari:ft and ntronueat agency Id the two territories. Managers of Ardmore Abstract Co. General AeentH II,lnoln Life Innurance Co. and United Btate. Fidelity and Ouarauty Company. ARDMORE NATIONAL BANK, ARDMORE, IND. TER. Capital Stock and Additional Liability, : : : : : $200,000.00 We Conduct a General Banking Business for You and Accept Small and Large Accounts. DIRECTORS. C. U. SMITH, President. C. M. CAni'UElX, Vice Pies LUU CRUCU. Cashier. U. W. YOUNO, Farmer. J. C. TltOni'SON, Lawyer. read a number of Inscriptions In the cemetery and that none of them bore a date later than 1790. Iuer Air. Smith removed to Ken tucky, returning to the Indian Terri tory about two weeks ago. When no visited the Iiushyhcad farm he round that most of the stones had been used ror chimneys or for walling wells nnd that a crop of cotton was growing on leaving scarcely a trace of the old graveyard. Air. Smith says that twenty years ago ho talked to a Cherokee Indian, then 90 years old. who knew of Spaniards living In the vicinity of Fort Gibson, nnd said they bad fierce wars with the old Indian tilbes by whom they wore llnnlly driv en out. Moon Hros'. buggies sold only at J. C. Freddy's at closing out prices. The contest for tho troasurershlp of tho city of Dallas suggests that thoro la something besides glory in at least one city ofllce. It Is something of an honor to be any kind of an officer In tho metropolis of tho Southwest, but I: 1 hard to find men who are will ing tn :ld for It at so much per. The bidding Is done, but In a different way. Times-Herald. A set of copper, steel and enameled cooking utensils, well worth J7.C0, ab Holntely free with every Atajostlc Itnngo fsold next week nt Blvens, Corhn & Fronsloy's. Don't get left. 10-5. II. K. FRKNSI.RY, Vlce-Pio. V. 8. MAUl'IN' Ai't Caahler $ 60,000.00 200,000.00 .$260,000.00 and CARPETS ALL A, H. PALMER, Casnler. FRED C. CARR, Asst. Cashier c it? $100,000.00 30,000.00 solicited. Courteous treaiwoiM all alike. I. A. JONES, Furniture. SAA NOHLC, Hardware Merchant, J. R. PUNNINUTON, Wholesale fler chant. R. V. RANUOL, nerchant. ANK BATTLE RAGING DOTH ARMIES ACTIVE RESULT HANGS IN BALANCE. The Russian Advance Was Suddenly Stopped By Japanese, Who Offered Stubborn Resistance and Ad vanced Their Positions. Toklo. Oct. 12. A general advance nlong a broad front towards Mukdun lb progressing. A brlgado of Russian Infantry, with 2,000 cavalry and two guns, having tho object ot striking Kurokl's Hank, crossed tho Tal Tau river October 9. The Japanese have cut ofT tho retreat of this force and possibly will capture it. Tho Russians nro attacking Slep Chaung, thirty miles northeast of Sla matszo (southeast of Llao Yang and almost duo north of Feng Wang Cheng), evidently with tho object ot cutting off Japanese communications with the Yalu river. Toklo, Oct. 12. Tho battle south ot Mukdcu was raging uninterruptedly all of Tuesday and Into the night. 1 was continued today. Tho results havo not been decisive. The Russians have a heavy form on the Japanese right townrd tho Tal Tse river, but It Is believed the Japanese have checked the Russians' turning movements. .Mukden, Oct. 12. The bnttlo com menced this morning along the Hue of railroad with a terrific artillery fire on both sides. The railway line almost to Yen Tai Ih In possession of Uio Russians. The station Itself has been damnged nearly beyond recognition. St. Petorr.btirg. Oct. 12. Tho battle below Mukden continues to rage along the entire front, and nccordlng to Gen eral Kuropatkin's latest advices, sent last night, after tho fighting of tho day had ended, the Japanese were steadily holding their own, offering desperate reslstanco and had even advanced their positions. A story from Shanghai to tho effect that Oyama would bo recalled anil that General Nodzu bo made commander In chief of the Japanese forces, attracts lively Interest In military circles hero. St. Petersburg, Oct. 12. It is now midnight on battlefield below Mukden nnd a failure to receive news that the Russians nchieved doclsivo results In todny'j fighting north or Ynn Tai, coupled with I ho Toklu report that Oyama Is gaining ground, causes In creased apprehension. St. Petersburg, Oct. 12. Gonoral Sa karoff confirms tho reports of dospor ate fighting north of Yon Tal, whore tho holghts alternately wcro held by tho Russians nnd Jnpanese. General Danicloff was wounded In the leg but did not relinquish his com mand. According to tho latest dispatch tho battle continues. Toklo, Oct. 12. Field Marshal Oya ma reports fighting nlong tho entlro front October 10, that tho Japanese are gaining ground nnd thnt the Russian attack on Slen Chuang on the Hun river thirty-five miles southwest of Mukden, was repulsed. FOR SALE. Rye, alfalfa, wheat and barley. 12. I). PUGH. C-lm Ardmoro. I. T For Rent I Hoarding House, R room, Rood In. oatloa. cloao In, Just tba place that boanlura like. 7 room house close In, 110 a month llrlck business house BOxlOO, central ly lootted, 2 room houn,l laruo lota, good woll of water, barn, $.1.50 REDFIELD Realty Company Pout Ofllce llullillnu- AHDMOItB, I. T LEASE SYSTEM C L. HERBERT TAKES ISSUE WITH SENATOR STEWART. Says tht Lease System will Adjust Itsslf If Left Alone The Indian Can Assert his own Remedies, Law Look After Grafter. Concerning the status of land leas es and the theory advnnced by Sen ator Stewart during his recent visit hare. Mr. C. h. llernert said: "Senator Stewart In a speech re cently delivered in Ardmore, stated that he was opposed lo tho leasing of lands In tho Choctaw nnd Chickasaw Nations which Is authorized by tho Atoka treaty of 1S9S. which provides: "No allottee shall lease his allot ment or any portion thereof for n longer period tnan Ave yenrs, and then without the privilege of renewal. Kv ery lease which Ik not evidenced by writing setting out spoclfVally the tonus thereof, or which Is not record ed dn tho clerk's ofllco of the United States court for tho district in whlc.i the lnnd Is located, within three months after the date of IU execution, shall be void, nnd the purchaser or lcasree shall requlro no rights what ever by an entry or holding there under, and no such lease or salo shall be valid against tho allottee unless providing to him a reasonable com pensation for the lands sold or leas ed. "Since tho adoption of tho Atokn treaty, and pursuant thereto, thous ands; of leases have been executed and delivered by tho allottee to lessees in ac.cnr lance with tho terms of the trenty upon agricultural and grazing lands in thu Chickasaw Nation alono, the lessees have taken and hold pos session thereof ns tenants nnd, as n result, havo necessarily expended thousands upon thousands of dollars. The validity or Invalidity of these leases, as shown by thnt part of tho treaty quoted, supra, may bo determin ed by tho reaBonablo or Inadequato conpensatlon provided for in tho lease, and ,If unrensnnnblo nnd In adequate, a court of equity at the in stanco of the Individual allottee, can cancel and rescind tho loaso; but, if reasonable enmpensaf Ion Is paid, or provided for, ine rights ot tho lessoo acquired thereunder become vested and not subject to cancellation by leg islative act. Judicial decreo or by tho mevleing department rulus, which hitherto havo boon exorcised In tills territory ns against woll estab lished precedents and rules of decis ion proscribed by tho Judiciary. Un der a lease systom thnt has prevail ed prior and subsequent to tho trea ty cited, this torrltory has beon Im proved and doveloped by numerous tenants, white men and fnrmors, who could not acquire title to tho lands, and which lands could not bo develop ed by tho Indian element unaided by such persons. It lias been nnd Is yet the solo and only system that pre vails here, nnd to dlsponso with It without substituting a better systom, would, of necessity, rosult in tho de vastation of tho proporty rights of botC.i the Iindlans find non-citlzons ullke. "Senator Stewart Is tho chairman of the senate committee on 'Indian af fairs, and for yoars has beon a mem ber of that committee, and Is, there- , fore partially rosponslblo for the adoption by congress of tho treaty whli h established tho leased system tin lor which tho resources of tho In dian Territory could lo developed, but during his short sojourn In tho territory ho discovered that some leas es held by alleged 'grafters' do not comply with tho terms of tho treaty as to compensation, nnd for that rea son ho would repeal tho law making tho lea-o system posslblo.and sug gests a substltuto by which ho would alienato all allotments of tho allot tees. Including minors, Idiots nnd lu natics, except forty acres of land re served tn each allottee for a homo stead, for a prico to ho fixed by tho recorder of deeds anil to bo paid for in twenty equal annual installments Into tho troasury of tho goneral gov ernment and by it to bo oxpendod for the mnltiU nance and education of the allottee from time to time nt the oc casion demands. Tills sysUra ot course. It feasible, would people the country, nnd. ns It takes people to de velop and maintain n country, Ulti mately would restttt beneficially to the white mnn. but the effect upon the Indian In questionable. Honliles, tho plan Is not practicable. Tho redmen of tho forest tenants In common In the ownership of all lands In both tuition prior to 1S08. would not now consent to a forty acre homestead, nor to Uncle Sam holding the funds arising from the sale of the tan-Is. es pecially since congress linn volunta rily made them rillzent of the United Stales by an act of emigres-, passed lor thnt purpose. "Let the lease system alone and It will adjust itself. The "grafter' can be dealt with under existing laws. The Indian can nwtert. his own remedies. If he lias been defrauded let him seek relief In the courts of equity, but for God's sako don't allow the unwarrant ed Mintlmcntnllsm ot one or more Unit ed States sonntors, who, as a rule, are proverbially Ignorant of the condi tions, laws, rules of decision, the courts nnd their jurisdiction in this territory, and who hellovo thnt tho secrotary of the Interior appoints, guardians, curator, administrators, etc.. of estates of the Choctaws and ChlckasawH, to bo molded and cnncttMl lnlo nonsensical, Incongruous nnd con tradictory acts of congress. In an ef fort to construe which the bench nnd tho bar have already grown grny, nnd yet hnve nrrived nt no conclusions thnt the secretary of the Interior Is willing to recognize. Hasten the al lotment of all the lauds to which men hers nre entitled, sell the remainder to bona fide purchasers, pass the en abling act granting to Oklahoma and Indinn Territory single stntehood, let the landed Intorest of tho Indian bo protected, yet protect tho COO.000 white people, and let tho white and red mnn go hand in ha'rid as thoy a're wont to do In building up ono grnnd prosperous'iVnnummwpalth of widen tho government and Its people will be Justly proud. "The last sensation Is the Indinn agent exercising the right to remove nil persons objectionable to the allot tees from their allotments nnd putting the allottees In possession. This lio may do after tho cortlflcato of allot ment issued under thu supplemental treaty of 1902 and tho courts are on Joined from Interfering, hut experience and association with tho Indians for tho past fourteen years makes mo bo llevo thoy nro us a rulo fnir-mludod nnd will not ignore tho rights of bonn fide tenants. If Isolated cases should arise, tho tenant who Is romovod can by suit In equity protect his Inlurost In nnd to tho leasehold estate, ovon nftor the executive ofllce, tho Indian ngent, shall have removed him nt thu rcquoat of tho allottee. "Give us fewer laws or glvo us law makers who 'know the conditions of this country, and let tho courts on forco tho laws, 'do away with tho big 'graftor' if he can be locnted and tho llltlo 'graftor' will dlo and disappear of his own Inefficiency." WYNNEWOOD MAN KILLED. Head Spilt With a Cleaver in a Shaw nee Restaurant, Speclnl to tho Ardmurelte. Wynnowood, I. T, Oct. 13. News readied horo yosterday of tho killing of Jim Smith, tho Mynnov, ood city of Jim Smith, tho Wynnowood city marshal; by Jack Jordan, a cook In a Shawneo restaurant. Particulars of the killing are meagre, all that is known being that Smith wont to tho restaurant for breakfast yosterday morning nnd that while thoro, Jackson threw a meat cleaver at him, splitting ills skull, from which ho died at 5:30 o'clock yosterday afternoon. Smith was on his return from a visit to relatives at Wetumka and was accompanied by Dr. II, C. Halloy ot this placo. About a dozen men left hero yosterdny for tho sceno of tho killing, and expressions aro unreserv ed, as deceased was very popular tnan, Tho remains will bo shipped back hero today for Interment. When a man tackles his first walking match with a strenuous case of colic ho does not need n collogo Sammons Lumbar Co., Is offering somo attractive bargains In standard paints. Soo tholr ad. lS-tf Subscribe- for the Axdmorelte. RESPONSIBLE TRAINMEN ARE HELD FOR MIS SOURI PACIFIC WRECK. The Verdlot Charges the Crew With Disobeying Orders and With Be ing Asleep at Their Post of Duty Engineer Drowsy. WarrcnsbitrB, Mo., Oct. 12. The crew of the extra freight train which collided with the M Intend Pacific World's Fair trnln, resulting In tlio death of 29 person, Is being hold re HpotiHlble for tho disaster by Uio cor oner's Jury, which returned a verdict last night. The verdict charges tho crew with disobeying ordcrsfand with being asleep at their post of duty. No recommendation was made as to the prosecution of the train crew. County Prosecuting Attorney Mor row snld after the Inquest thnt he would Immediately begin the prosecu tion of the persons chargya with tho responsibility of tho wreck hy'tlio cor oner's. Jury. At the hearing' this nftornoon Engi neer Ilorton of thu extrn freight ac knowledged that ho had mistaken train No. CO for tho section of No. 30. Ho was jmaltivc that four trains east bound has passed, and if ho was asleep at any tlmo while tho train was on the siding lie did not know it. "I wns drowsy," lie said, "but don't think I wns asleep. If I was asleep I was sitting straight up in the cn'j of my engine." Following Is a list of the members of the freight crew: J. I). Ilorton, So dnlla. engineer; J. W. Preston, Jeffer son City, conductor; It. G. Dawson, So dalla. fireman; I A. Haynes, B. Zeis llr, Jefferson City, brakemcn. TELEPHONE NEWS. , - Wynnewood. Tho remains of Jim Smith, city mar shal of this place, will arrive hero to day for Interment. Several Wynne wood ptplo went to Shnwneo yoster dny as soon as knowledge of tho kill ing reached here. Pureell. Tho reported second rlso In tho Ca nadian river has not reached hero yeL Tho river Is lower than at any time It hns been this week. A nnrrow bridge was completed yesterday for tho bene fit of pedestrians. Springer. Oscnr Cotton nnd fnuiily loft yester day for their now homo at IJudBay. Mrs. Francos Ilrown loft yesterday for Iierwyn to ntt,onil tho funeral ot her sister, Mrs, C. W. Henderson. II. It. ;Gobor of Ardmoro was liero yustorday on business. J. M. Mooro loft yosterday for a a visit to Calhoun, Ga. F. M. Mlllor is moving Into tho resi dence formerly occupied by Oscar Cot ton. ,T. M. Arnold and daughter went to Ardmore today. Mrs. W, A. Kldrldgo Is on tlio slcic list. Dr. McDowell's llttlo boy was very sick yesterday, all threo of tho doctors of this placo being summoned. Fox. , Dr Dob Wilson wont to Cornish to day. , Miss Wllllo Wilson ot Cornish Is hero visiting rolatlvos, J. C. Plorco went to Ardmoro yester day on business. A. D. Davis reports having passed 139 bales of cotton bound for tho Ard more market on his return trip from thnt placo Tuesday. Green M. Morris and Miss Julia Car penter were married hero last Sunday 'at tho homo of tho brido's parents, Mr. and Mrs, T. U Carpontor, Iter. B. F. Knight omclntlng. Madlll. Tho Woman's Homo MIsioa Soclotr of this placo is holding a week's ses sion. Firo broko out at. tho Madlll cotton yard last night and destroyed several bnlos of cotton beforo It could bo got ten under control. Twenty-flvo or 30 of tho hc3t farm ers of this vicinity have organized a union for tho purpose of obtaining: the highest rrfitfltot prices for thoir prod ucts and buy as cheaply as possible. coach to tench him a language uot found in tho currioulum.