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OLDEST DAILY NEWSPAPER IN INDIAN TERRITORY-ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORTS.
ail V, n, 'if. VOLUME xn. SM,PR0P. ARIMORE. IND. TEH.. WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY U, 1906 SQBSGRIPTION 50C PER MONTH I NUMBER 26 mm I APPEAL FOR THEJEO MAN MADE DY SECRETARY" OF INDIAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION. Who for Twenty Years Has Endeav ored to Secure Just Treatment for American Indian by Appeal to Conscience of the People. Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 23. As n cit izen, who for more tlinti twenty years has endeavored to secure Just treat incut for the American Indian by ra tional appeal to tho consclenco of tho Amorlean people, both Individual ly and through the organized channel of the Indian Rights Association, may. I have spaco In your columns for k statement of tho question now up for decision: Shall a sjnglo statehood bo- .granted Indian Territory, or shall It and Oklahoma bo made ono '-state?, It-seoms to m6 that equity and sc-und policy absolutely require thnt tho for racr courso should bo pursued, and for1 the following reasons: 1: Tho people of this country, through their representatives in con gress, have placed themselves under a solemn obligation to do this thing. The various early trcatfes .made with the Five Civilized Tribes explicitly set forth the separate statehood Idea' nH.t U ....... tlint thft !irt sent apart for them "shall In no fu ture time, without their consent, bo Included within tho territorial limits or Jurisdiction of anr stato or terri tory." The act creating tho Dawes" commlslon, In providing for tho.cx tlngulshmont of tribal titles," otc, which was adopted on March 3, 1893,' states (Sec. 1C) that this shall be. done: "With a vlow to such an adjust ment upon the basis of Justice and equity, as may, with Uio consent of said nation of Indians, so far ns may bo necessary, be -requisite and suit able to enable the ultimate creation of a stato of the union, which shall embrace the lands within the said In dian Territory." The Atoka agreement, ratified by congress in the so-called Curtis act of 1898, after stating tho method In which tribal government Is to. bo car ried on, ponding tho final adjustment of all tribal affairs, says: "This stipulation Is made In tho bo llof that the tribal governments so modified will prove so satisfactory that thcro will bo no need or desire for further change till tho lands now occupied by the Fivo Civilized Tribes shall, In the opinion of congress, bo' prophred for admission as n state of tho union." I)t this caso bo tho one bright ex ception, to the long dark list, of bro ken promises which havo marked our dealings with our holpless dopondent Imlinn wards. There 13 nothing known to mo in tho practical necessities of this caBC, nothing in tho genoral wol faro of the public, which may be urged ns a sound reason why tho plighted faith of tho United States government should not bo preserved. Under such conditions there should bo no hesitation on the part or ovory citizen In demanding that tho reiter ated promises of tho government, which I havo already quoted, should bo fulfilled. As was said by Hon. Charles J. Bonaparte, In his report on conditions In Indian Torritory, under dato of Fob. 20, 1904: "If thoso promises are not binding on tho United States, then our gov ernment and pcoplo can bo bound by no treaty. If wo do not scrupulously respect tho rights flowing from theso treaties, no one can reasonably placo confldenco In tour national honor." Tho argument has, In sorao quar ters, been urged that Indian Torritory Is, In political Sentiment, Democratic, and therefore, If ltjrbo admitted to tho union as a state, It will furnish two. Democratic senators to the Unit od States senate. On tho otffor hand, Qklaboma.is Republican, and tho ma jority of that political faith is con Bldorcd by tho Republicans sufficient ly largo to overcome tho Democratic majorllty in Indian Territory. For this reason, as Is well known, many Republicans favor tho admission cf tho two territories as one stato. But tho reply should bo sufficient that this Is a question of national honor and broad public policy; It should never furnish a battle ground for party pol iticians. Such ' considerations havo their1 legltlmato field, but there they nro wholly ou: of placo. Good cltlr.'is should rofuse, t-'thcr openly or cavort- ly, to be swayed by any tut tho main question: Is tl .i n htmunblo am1 sound policy or Is It mil' Thcro Is anothu- secondary r:ru mont In favor of tho. single statehood policy for Indian Territory which may act ns a buttress to tho main one. The exclusion of Intoxicating liquors, which have proved especially harmful to tho Indian race, has been repeated ly promised to tho pooplo of Indian Tcirltory. Tho constitution adopted at tho recent convention and over whelmingly approved nt tho election held last November for the purposo of forming a state to be called "Se quoyah" (wheroby the single state policy will bo carried Into effect) provides for tho absolute exclusion of Intoxicating liquors. In tho original bill providing for tho Joint statehood of Indian Territory and Oklnhoma (which passed tho house during the fifty-eighth session) thcro was no provision mado for pro hibition. It Is true- that subsequently an amendment w$ added In .the sen ate providing for prohibition for n period of twenty-one years. The ques tion of this clause remaining In the bill In Us final passage Is more orless problematical. Hut oven supposing that prohibition Is finally gained :n the joint statehood bill, and so tho In dian shall bo protected on that score, tho chances for this protection bo'ng permanent would seem to bo far gVcater under the slnglo stato policy than under the double, for the reason that the liquor Interests are much stronger In Oklahoma than In Indian Territory, where sentiment Is almost unanimously in favor of prohibition. My appeal, then, to summarize iu conclusion is for tho fulfilment of tho clear repeated promises of the government to a people who have not the strength to oblige their enforce ment, but who must trust wholly tr our sense of honor that thoso prol ines be carried Into effect; first on tho simple ground of justice, and soj ond, upon that of sound policy, which lattor would seem to be better car ried out by tho greater safeguards which slnglo statehood would furnish from' tho ravages of tho liquor traffic and by tho fact that It will comb near er to American Ideals of local self' government than If Indlnn Territory bo merged In tho larger unit of Ok' lahoma. Respectfully, HERBERT WELSH, Secretary Indlnn Rights Association. STUDENTS QUIT COLLEGE NEGROES OBJECTED TO WHITE MAN SUPERINTENDENT. Appeal to President Who Refused, Their Exit from College Was Or derly Objection That He Was a Scuther.i Whits Man. Talledega, Ala. Jan. 23. Over 100 students loft Talledega collogo (c do ed) today becauso a Souihcrn w'l'to man, h. O. lirks of thls'county, wua employed as aup -rlrlendcnt of ;i:o college farm. The stnoentH demanded his dischargo and Jiat was rofiir.j'l by President B. "M. Nice Tlioy apnl.ll cd to Dr. S. P. llilr.l. serrcta'y of :ne American Mlsiuiii -v society of Mew York, which fosters tho Talledoga college. Dr. Balrd upheld President Nice nnd as the result tho students all loft tho college Tho main objection to Mr. Parks, it is assertod, Is that ho Is a Southern white man. Tho students wero quiet and orderly but never wavered In their determination to Ioavo collogo If Mr. Parks was retained and the faculty which for tho most part Is composed of Jforthorn whlto men determined that ha should stay. Tho president of tho college, Ror, B. M. NIco, camo to Talledega two years ago from Tockport, N. V. Ho 13 a' Pennsylvania minister. 'WRECK ON ROCK ISLAND. Several Passengers are1 Hurt on Choc v taw Division Memphis, Jan. 23. Passenger train No. 3, on the Choctaw division of tho Rock Island railroad was wrecked at Rlcovlllo, Ark., early today. Se?ven passengers were slightly Injured. The wreck was caused by a washout, the heavy rains of last night having un dennlned tho roadbed. Engineer Gllloland of Forest Olty, Ark., was among thoso who sustained slight Injuries. Tho Ardmoreito wants n bojr with pony to take delivery routo In city. Must bo honest and actlre. BURTON PLAYSi ' PEEK-A-BOO SUBTERFUGE USED FOR SENA TOR TO DRAW MILEAGE. Declined to Enter the Senatorial Chamber But Was Seen Through a Doorway Employe Put Up a Job on Him. Wnnhlns'.on, Jan. 23. One t tho most rcmnrkablo procoodures 1. the history ot tho senate occurred today In order to avoid a technicality, which prevented Senator Burton of Kansas from drawing his mileage from the present session. In order to hnve his requisition honored, It is necessary, for, somo oflleinl-of tho sen ate to take oath that he had seen the senntor In the chamber, but slnco the Indictment and conviction' of tlie Knnsns senator he has not appeared In tho .chamber. Tlcrp Is no dltiposl tlotl on tho part of nnyone'tu'wlthhbld tho mileage nnd tho senator there fore was asked to stop from' tho cloak room Into the chamber for a moment In order that ho 'might bo seen by some offlclnl. He. declined, but nn em ployee' engaged h'lm' In conversation In the cloak room near tho cntranco of the chamber. Tho employee sud denly turned the senator so' that he faced tho chamber and the .attention of officials in the' chamber hnvtng been (ltrcctcd toward this door, he. was seen front the chamber. It was then certified that Scijjitor Burton was In attendance and his mileage was paid him. ' TERRITORY RAILROAD BUILDING. Construction Work Proceeding .Be tween Sulphur and Davs. Sulphur,J. T., Jan. 23. The grade on the electric line from Sulphur to Davis will be completed In twenty dnyp nnd a wire from St. Hours this morn- .Ing states that tho bond Issue has been placed and tho monoy Is up In tho Commonwealth Trust Compa ny to complete the road. Tho Santa Fo is advertising for bids for the construction of n lino from Davis to Sulphur, bids to bo opened and tho contract let In the chief engineer's office at Galveston on Jan. -2C. A corps ot engineers has been working between Sulphur and Coat gate for the last two weeks and a rived In town yesterday. They arc very reticent, but It. Is believed lint they belong to tho Missouri Kansas and Texas. Ed L. Pockham president of tho Denver, Enid and Gulf railroad, spent some Umo In Sulphur last wcok and was well pleased with tho outlooc hero. Mr. Peckhnm has Just sold his road to tho Santa Fo, nnd It was inti mated that ho was contemplating a lino from Coalgnto through Sulphur and Duncan to Wichita Falls, Texu1?. FOUGHT FOR G. O. P. Abernathy, the Famous Wolf Hunter, Turned Down Bryan In Texas. l.uwton, Okla., Jan. 23. In reply to the recently published charAo that ho is a "Texas Domocrat," Col. John Ab ernathy, tho president's famous wolf huntor and tho apparent cindldato for tho United States inarslialslilp of Oklahoma, has told of n little experi ence of his voting. I cast my first voto," said Aber nathy, "for William McKlnloy. That was away down in Toxas nnd I was Just coming Into my majority. Nearly all tho young men of that section of tho country wore democrats nnd were shouting and voting for Bryan. I told them I was a Mclvlnlcy man and would voto for him. On6 'of tho fel lows walked up to iffeand remarked voto for a republican,1 Now I am not 'much given to fighting", but I couldn't take that Insult nnd accordingly Had to fight. Xfy brothers and I entortdr into tho conflict in earnest and licked every follow that jumped us." Widow Shot Murderer. Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 23. A special from Marks, Miss., says: W. B. Falrless was shot and killed today by Mrs. E. B. Whltton ,tho wid ow of a man whom Falrless killed, several months ' ago at limex, this county. Whlttor entered a storo ns Fairies was leaving) Boeing Fair loss sho emptied her revolver at him, fivo of tho bullets taking effect. Ho died almost instantly. HANDIWORK! OF W. T. C. U. OPPOSE GAME RESERVATION AS "GAMING" SCHEME. The Lobby of the Women's Christian Temperance Union Killed Its In corporation In Curtis Bill, Another Scheme on Hand. Washington, I). C, Jan. 23. The 100,000 acre game preserve In Uio In dian Territory that Jack Gordon of Paris, Texas, nnd Colonel Burgoyno of Indian Territory, came to Washing ton lobby for wns killed by the house striking It front tho Curtis Indlnn bill. The lobby of tho Women's Chris tian Temperance Union killed It. They sald.lt wns tho Intention of. tho promoters to, make this n big Monto Carlo, nnd that instead of a gnmo preserve the men were going to hiako It a Ygauilm;" preserve. Tho promot ers say that while they havo not been balked temporarily, thoy have not been Uor)c), i.V they aro going to havo a lot ot Indians flic on tho land and then buy IT from tho In dians. AN INFANT OPERATOR. Child Could Send Word Over Wire When Two Years and a Half Old. Watonga, Okla., Jan. 23. Glenn 'B. Peck of Watonga, Blnlno county, Ok lahoma, Is perhaps one of tho most re markable boy operators In the world todny. Mr. and Mrs. Peck aro telegraphers now In chnrgo of tho two stations a't Wutonga. They both have, been en gaged In this work for years. lrlor to little Glenn's birth, tho Peck's wns-sta-tloend In colorant owherc Mrs. Peck had charge of five wires. As n baby. Glenn often lny on tho desk at which his mother sat at work and was oon od to sleep by the click of tho Instru; ments. Ono day, after their reljovnl to Watonga, Glenn wns found perched Up on the desk, his little baby hand on tho key,- calling "Chlcknsha" over tho wire. This astounded tho father and 'mother, nnd tho operators along tho lino could hardly bcllevo It, for Glenn Peck nt thnt time was llttlo more thnn two and a half years old nnd unable to read or wrlto a iettor of his a b c's. His gift seemed to be pre-natal and apparently ho under stood and learned telegraphy as a langungo distinct nnd apart from any other and would rend and send sbnuds over tho wire tho equivalent In Eng lish of which ho know not a word. His progress slnco then has been phenomenal, even freakish. He, Is a bright, happy, healthy boy, taking part In nil boyish Bports with othor boys In tho town. But at tho key board ho Is a marvl. Tho chief dispatcher and overy ngont on tho line knows Glonn Peck, who now at tho ago of six and one-half years, has fow equals as n telegrapher, ovon among tho veterans of tho wlro, And Glenn Is no' yet out of his second reader. TO SUCCEED MARSHAL COLBERT. Porter Will Be Named, But Not Until After Trial of Colbert. ' Washington, Jan. 23. It was stated today at tho whlto bouso that the pros Ident will mako no nppolntmont to Uio mnrshalshlp of tho Southern district of Indian Torritory until after tho trial of Marshal Colbert, which, it is understood hero, will bo Fob 12. Mr. Colbert's term has oxplrod, and It 'ns thototentlon of tho president to appoint. Mr. Porter of Muskogeo at once, but on roflectlonr he lias chang ed his mind. for. fear that such action might prejudice -tho coa oX Mr. Col bort. The appointment oFMr. Porter who, as has been stated. Is a cousin; of Mrs. Roosevelt, has been docldod. on. howeverr, ;and, there Is not likely, to bo any changOj. Friends of other aPr. pllcants who, hayot called. at tho depart ment ot Justlco nnd a..1fia Whlto. Houbo haveib6on;.tflld thafc,Mr. Porter would probaUfHp .named. Murder and Robbery. Omaha, Neb., Jan. 23. At 10 o'clock Sunday morning two men onterod tho saloon of Nols Iausten at Twenty first and Cummlngs streets nnd ona of thew drow a pistol and shot Imm ton through tho head killing him 'n stantly Thoy then rifled tho monoy drawer and randd good tholr 'cscap?. Thoro is no clue to tho identity of tho men. Tho amount of money thoy so curod is uot known. FUEL OIL HURT COAL. Limited Production In Southwestern Operators' Association Territory. Washington, Jan. 23. Tho Unltod States geological survey, reporting on the coal production of the Southwest, says that during 1 905 tho coal pro duction of ArlcanBSS nnd Indlnn Terri tory was seriously affected by tho lnrge supply of cheap fuel oil In Tex as. At that time somo of tho larger railway systems diverted n consider able portion ot tho conl enrs ordina rily used In theso districts to other points of production. Slnco tho first of October tho production of oil In Texas has materially declined. In Oc tober nnd November tho consump tion of oil wns about equal to, If not a little greater thnn, tho supply. Tills has had a marked effect In almost trebling tho prlco of oil nt tho wells, raising It from 10 to 12 cents per bar rel. The Increased prlco of oil hns nat urally been reflected In tho coal In terests by Increased orders for stoam conl for Industrial purposos In Toxas. Tho Texas railroads aro also said to be manifesting u greater Interest In coal than they havo shown during the InBt two or three years. Tho prospects for the next twelve months, barring labor troubles, appear to bo good. Besides the short car supply and tho competition of fuel oil nnd gas, which have serotiBly affected tho coal production of Arkansas and Indlnn Territory, tho conl Industry In tho Southwest has been handicapped by a notable scnrcltv of labor, not only In Arknnsas nnd Indlnn Territory, but nlso throughout tho cntlro territory within thq lines of the Southwestern Interstnto Coal Operators' Association, which Includes in addition tho states of Mlsourl nnd Toxas. -W. S. Now comb, secretary of that 'organization. Is authority - for the statement that pr.obably 4,000 additional men could find employment in and around tho mines of. these four states and Indian Territory, Bootlegger Shot at Henryetta. Jnmos Upschurch.'a whlto" man, charged with selling whisky, was shot In tho hip by Deputy Grant Cowan at Henryetta Saturday night whllo try ing to oscapo. Tho officer arrested Upschurch at Henryetta and wns brlq'glng him to Muskogee) to Jail when ho mado a dash for liberty. Muskogee Democrnt. WRECK OF A STEAMSHIP REPORTED THAT ONE HUNDRED LIVES ARE LOST. Steamer Valencia of San Francisco Driven Ashore on Vancouver Island. The Vessel Is a Wreck Nine Survivors Reached a Hut. Victoria, Jan. 23. A dispatch from Cape Bcalo says tho steamer off tho coast lost Is tho Valoncla of San Fran cisco which went a horo on Vancouver. Island conBt near CIoo.se. Tho light houso keeper says botweon fifty and sixty wero drowned. Tho news of tho disaster ou Van couver Island coast is meagre, being confined In tho mossngo recolvcd by Captain Guudln. ngont of tho mnrlno, from Ughthouso ICeopor Patorson nt Cnpo Beulo, saying: "Steamer wreck ed between horo nnd Clooso, about 100 drowned, nlno reached tolegraph hut. Will wlro moro particulars ns soon ns possible." Fears nro entertained hero for tho Sn Francisco steamor Valoncla which was duo last night from San Francisco. Clooso Is about fivo or six miles from Charmanoau Point and sixty-five miles from Victoria. Capo Boal io 120 miles from Victoria at tho eastorhly entrance to Barkley Sound. ' Seattle. Joni.t.,21 Latdjjt ijlvlcea show nt least thirty persons perished in tho. wreck on. tho stoamor Vnlen- cla nnd porhaps sovonty. Something like a hundred" 'persons' aro presum ed to be clinging-to the wreck. Victoria, B. C, Jan. 24. Hoavy fog nnd tromendous soas deterred tho rca cuo work todny r.t tho (.cono of tho wreck of the steamer Valoncln, which went on tho rocks Tuesday morning east of Capo Boalo, with ninety-four pass'ongers, and a crew of sixty on board. Tho salvage, steamer which roachod tho' scono last night had to stand by until daylight, being unablo to rendor any assistance during tho night hoursv A dispatch this morning said the THF RATTI F lilt. Villi L. La IS ON TODArl NEITHER STALWARTS OR IN8URI GENTS SURE OF OUTCOME. Statehood Bill the Issue Speake Cannon Had Both Faction Before Him Yesterday for Lectures. Who Holds the Whip. Washington Jan. 23. On tho ovi of the battle over the statehood bill neither Uio stalwarts nor tho lnsurl gents are sure of tho outcomo, thougtl both boast of victory In ndvanoo. il has boon a strenuous day with the members of tho house. Tho doflclenl cy bill has been undor discussion! n fow men engaged In that work, lrl n ierfunctory wny, but tho real work! of tho day lias been dono In tho lobl bles, clonk rooms and In tho speak I er's sanctum. For tho speaker line! been bringing them In, both tho ia surgenta nnd tho stalwarts, locturlngl tho Insurgents on tho sin ot disloyalty and admonishing the stalwarts to bcJ In tho houso tomorrow at tho stroke! of 12. For the question of the absentees! Is tho ono which adds to tho unccr-l tnlnty of tho struggle. Tho opinion! provnlrs that the speaker will havel nearly all of his supporters present;! indeed, his only hope of victory la In! that accomplishment. But thero Is a suspicion that the Insurgents wHlnotl be so successful In that respect. It lal even feared by them thai some Dom- oerats to win tjho favor of tho speak er, will be unavoidably nbsent whon the voto Is tnkon lo adopt tho rule. Mr. Babcock, who Is leading the lu-l surrectlon, says most solemnly that his heroic band will show no break In tho ranks. Maybo Mr. Babcock feels confident of this but somo of his fol- owors nro not so snngnlno. The -whips I report only "tho normal report of ab sentees," and most of these, thoy as sort, will bo" present when tho roll Is called. Mr. Watson tho RopubUcan whip, was In consultation with tho presi dent last night, nnd Speaker Cannon himself conforrcd with him' this morning on tho prospect before tho bnttle. Both of them assured tho pres ident of victory, so thoy say, but tho Concern which Uio piosldcnt has man. ifestcd today to his callors, nnd Uio mannor In which ho adjurod tho fow insurgonts whom ho sent for, sue- gest that neither tho speaker nor tho republican whip inspired him with great hopes. As Indicating that tho speaker will win, It mny bo said that several whoso names aro on tho roll of tho insur gents complain now that In signing thoy did not understand that thoy wero pledging homsolvos to attempt to overthrow tho commlttco on rulea but that thoy wero morcly aiding tho offorts to ascertain how many republi can members wero opposed to tho Joint statehood bill, with tho Idea that If a sulllclont opposition could bbo shown a caucus would bo recallod and tho republicans given tho liberty to voto as thoy pleased. Tho spoakcr's lieutenants assort that many signed under that mlsu- prehension, and that consequently th Insurrection Is not so formldablo In reality as It looks on papor. Still It Is formldablo. The otronuou offorts which tho speaker has boon making personally and his appeal for help from tho president attest his un easiness, nnd tho only circumstance that suggests that ho will win is th reflection that ho would hardly cast tho dlo If ho did not know that It la properly loaded. salvage Btoamer 1 bogan work taking mon, women and children off th wrecked steamer. Survivors who havo' 'roachod Cap Bcale report at at least fifty persons wero drowned alongsldo tho steamer when Uio boats loadod with womea and children smashed against &e steamer's side, after being lowered from the vossol. When thoy lett. last night thoro wero ovor 100 per sons huddlod on tho saloon deck oC Uio steamer which was thon partial ly submerged, tho sea washing over the main dock. A gale was blcorlne at tho rate of forty miles an hour. Tho enemy to raco Bulcide bolleve nn ounco of posterity Is worth a to of ancestors. Phono 205 for teed, cotton 8ee& meal and hulls. S3-tt