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vtmmtil& """" VOLlMIS XIII AKDMOHK. J. TM 'ITHSDAY liVEMNC, ATI! TST 7, liMU MWIUUR 69 THE INDIAN IN POLITICS OPPOSE REPUBLICANS BECAUSE NEGRO WAS ALLOTTED LAND. Being Former Slave Holders They Be lieve the Negroes Have Been Placed on Too High a Plane Since Their Freedom. Muskogee. I. T., Ann. 6. The rights of thu negro to Imllmi lauds and tlio treatment of the Indians at thu ImtidH of the government will lit the two ninln Ism ties with which tho light will he mmle for the Indian vote In thu new state, that uncertain quantity that means ietory for the pnrty that can coithI It In the Unit election. Ttt Indians themselves, through some of their lending Klltlclnns have dellneil the Issuea mentioned. Looking with an unprejudiced eye one would think tlmt the Dumocmts would have the lHMt of thu argument In Indian vote gelling, lint It must also he remember od that the Republicans have been in tho pie cuttliiK hiiHlnesH for a good many your and mill at It, and thu In dian who Is In politics initially liken re ward for his efforts while tho tlc Ih being distributed. Tho average Indian. np" tally of that clans which controls HHUonl matters of his nation, considers him self as far ahovo the negro socially ax does the white man. Until the civil war the Indians of the live clvlll.ed trlhes wore a slave holding people. They woro autocrats as ntrlctly as were the southern white planters. An nrlstocnitlc Indian would not work no long ns he had negro slnves to do the work for him. This gnvo rise to an Indian autocracy as distinctive In Its day ns was the southern gontleman. Some of those Indians, usually they wcro half or quarter-blood, hail great plantations and worked their slaves to advantage, becoming Immensely wealthy. Thoro was one pluiitntli nt ho conlluonce of the Vordlgris, Grand ami Arkansas -Ivors, whore one Indian owned ovor BOO slaviK. When the emancipation proclamation was Issued freeliiK all slaves within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States the negro slaves of the In dians were set free along with the Alabama and Mississippi nemo. To freeing tho slave the Indians do not object, iih they do not as a rule favor slave holding, but they have a deep-seated resentment) against the government for forclm? on the nations thu ex-slaves with all of the rights of their former musters. This they charge to the lloptibllcnn udmlnlstra 1 1(111 of ISfitl. It Is not an uncommon Might In that day when driving ovor the Creek or Semluolo or Chorokoo nations, to find it rich farm with old buildings and a uanomi "run down" nppoaruueo of what wsh once a lino plantation own ed by an Indian slave holder. This farm will bo In jiosseaslou of a ne gro, usually a former sluvo of the original owner. The bitterness which followed tho giving of slaves oqtiHl ilghU with Indian slave owners of ante-bellum days, cnusotl many an In dlnn to abandon his laud and lenvo It to the negroes entirely, rather than be subjected: to tho taunts of the pio sumptuous clnss that was created by tho freedmon. Then one of those no groes would not n cabin on tho land possibly one built by hit former inns tor for the tdavo, and culling this an Improvement, ho would ho nblo to lllo on the laud and hold It as an allot ment against all comers. Tho treaty making nogroos citizens of tho Creok, Somlnolo and Chorokoo nations was signed In 1SCC. It was made In Washington, It provided that nil nogro slaves who wero cmancl patod should becomo citizens of tho nation of which their mastors woro members. Tho Indian lcndero object' cd to this very Btronuously, for oven thon tho Intelligent Indians saw what It meant nt somo future day, though tho allotment of lands was not thon dreamed of. Tho question thon waei to provont tho negroes from sharing In tho tribal paymonta.Tho troaty was forced upon an unwilling people Tho majority of tho Creeks and Chorokoos had tnk . on tildos with tho South In tho civil war and tjio government commission tomnko tho trouty hold that tho In dlans who had thus- tnkon up arms against the United Stntoa must nc oapt tho terms of tho treaty as dlctat cd lo'tliotn,. It was-also said, that the Creek interpreter who was with tin Creeks when the treaty was made be came ill, and that a negro, whose name k for obvious reasons withheld, took th' Indian's plaee as Interpre ter and that the negro managed to get the most favorable concessions for the negroes, and that he misinterpreted ii the Creeks what wad said In the agreement, and they did not at the time they agreed know that the negro was glren equal rights with an In dian. The Choctaw and Chickasaw were a little more fortunate with their treaty than the other nations. Thoy bitterly ntilated the recognition of the Oegro in any way, and especially as a tribal momtior, in tno ireaiy mai wns made at Fort Smith In IStJfi. At that time the Choctaws and Chlckasaws were forced to agree to give to tho ne groes forty acres each of their laud order to. got the government to recognise the tribal rights of the two rlhes Thu Indians resisted, but wre finally rorceii to tne terms of fered by the government. This mat ter was called to the attention of the leople In a tiolttlcal speech by Gov ernor (1 recti .McCiirtalu ot the Choc- (hum to agree that when the negro has forty acres of laud tlmt It not classllled as- the beat Intnl. he shall have the privilege of buying twenty acres more nt the government ap praised price, which Is not onc-thlrd of tho actual cash value. In case an Indian takes llrst class land he Is not alio weil but 100 acres, but ho Is not allowed to buy an additional 100 acres at tho appraised value to bring bis acreage up to tho average allot ment of 320 acres. To sum the matter up, the Indian feels that every acre of laud that a negro gets takes Just that much from It I in and his children, and hu belleveu the government had iio right to give the negro this land, and he looks upon It ns u bribe to the negro to stand by the Mirty which gave him the land. In the Cherokee nation there aro I,- 112 freedmen. They get an average allotment of olghty acres, or a total of 32K.0A0 acres, which at $10 ier acre amounts to $8,IS.)00. In tho Choc In.v and Chlokasnw nations Caere an i 1.000 freemen and they get forty acres each, or 110,000 acres, that Is nearly worth $1,100,000. The Creeks and Semluoles have 7.1S0 freedmon, and each one Is entitled to 100 acres of laud, a total of 1.I0O.S00 acrw, wlbch Is worth $U.ISS.000.- Thus the Indian figures that the government has taken from him and his kinsmen a total of 119,017,000 and given It to the negro. This combined with matters con cerning the t tout leu. has made the In dian sore on the government and the Ilepubllcau administration, and tho Republicans have placed over thorn a deimrtinontal rule of red tape that has been Irksome and proline of ills wUaifactlon and projorty loss to the Indian. These two Issues aro the ones with which the Domoorats will en den vor to capture the Indian vote. On the other baud, the Indians will protest that tholrs Is tho imrty of progress and advancement, and that the Indian must look to them for poli cies which will bring advancement to his country and Increased prices for his allotments. And In the meantime the Indian Is pretty generally keeping his own council, fully satisfied that he holds In his baud the balnuco of politi cal power. INDIANS HOLD LAST' REUNION, Participated In By All Indians on the Quapaw Agency. Ardmnrolte Special. Wyandotto, I. T., Aug. ".The sov onth and what Is perhaps the last re union of tho Iiidlnus of tho Quapaw agency began today and will laiit un til Saturday. All of tho trlbos on tho reservation, Including the Dolnwaros, MlamlH, Quapaws, Ottawns, Sonecns, Shawnoos, Modocs and Wynndottea nro participating In this farowoll dem onstration of onco groat and powerful tribes. Tho usual stomp dancos and tho annual fount of tho groon corn form n part ot tho uxorclsos, which In clude speochos by tribal loaders and an observation ot tho nnclont rolig loan ritual of former and hnpplor days. Kacli night during tho reunion tho chiefs will gathor tho romnants of tholr pooplo tngothor and with hands upraised to tho bluo sky will thank tho Groat Spirit of tholr fathors for bountiful crops nccordod thorn. For a wook tho Indians will rovort to tholr formor customs and Incantations and tho whlto man and' tho whlto man's Cod, as woll. as the groat 'fnthor'nt Washington, will bo forgo.ttou. HREE NEGROES ARE LYNCHED VORTH CAROLINA MOB HOWLED FOR MURDEROUS VICTIMS. rhree Thousand Men P.irtlelp.ited. Offleers were Overpowered and the Victims of the Lynchers Strung Up, Bodies Riddled, Charlotte, N. C, Aug., 0. A mob t 3.000 determined men, shortly be .'ore 11 o'clock tonight, forcibly enter ed Itownn County Jail at Salisbury, re moved therefrom thtee of the five ne roes charged with the murder of the l.yerly family at Its r Iter Junction, luty 13, and lynched them. Xease ind John Olllcsple and Jack Ullllng Ham. suppcued to lie the principals to he crime, were the victims of ronh .engeance. The remaining negroes, Henry Lee. George ISrvtn and Helte Dillingham, were not molested and later tonight oillcers hurried them off ;o Greensboro. The mob ltemn gathering at sun down. Mayor Itoyden promptly or dered the saloons to close, and with ohtro prominent clttsens, United States Senator Overman, Judge l-ong. who was holding the special term of court to try the negroes, and So licitor Hammer, gathered on the Jail step and addrmsed the crowd, which at that time numbered 2,000. There were howls and eat calls from the mob. but for a tlmo there was no tnovu the mob lacked n leader. While cltlseus were apeallng for .trier tw men slipped through tht crowd, and were entering the Jail with hummers. They wpre discovered and arrested. The mob continued Its demonstrations, but there was still no concerted movement. About I o'clock Mayor Itoyden call ed upon the local militia company tor aid. They assembled quickly but were supplied only with blank car tridges, having no orders to shoot to kill. Fireman Jlcl.emlim of Charlotte, a Southern railway employe, was shot In the stomach by h bullet, said to have Iteen 11 red by a member of the mob. Ho was fatally wounded. Will Trouttnaii, a negro drayman. was also seriously shot alxutt the same time. Hoth are said to have been accl wild shots tired by members ot ilm wild -ihot llreil by members of the mob, with the evident Intention of frightening cltiaens. At 10 o'clock there was a stir In the inch It was augmentod by fully BOO men who came, It Is said, from Whitney, where the Whitney Rerttic- tlou comiwiiy is developing the Yad kin water power. It was but a few minutes after their arrival when a crowd of fifty, forming a sort of Hying wedge, made a break for the Jail doors, overK)worlng the otllcers and effected an entrance. Tho great crowd outside rushed. In behind' the leaders and a few minutes more emerged from the door with their victims. The negroes were quietly marched northward to Hendeinou's I lei I Grounds In the edge of town. The ne groes refused to either deny or oon fess and were thoroughly frightened as to have almost lost the power of speoch. At midnight the roes were quickly brought forward and adjusted and the three were strung up to the limb of one tree and with howls and curse the crowd riddled the (Jangling bodlcti with bullets. George Krvln was taken from the Jail with his associates and closely questioned. Thon tho mob led him back to his coll. Xease Gllllsple maintained his Innoconco to the end Tho other two would nolthur confoss nor tlotiy the crime. Fireman McLoit dnn, wounded by n Btray hullot from tho mob, will die. Ho wns simply a upectntor of tho scene The orlmo with which tho nogroes woro charged, and for which thoy were placed on trial nt n special term of Kowan county court, was tho murder on tho night of July 13 nt Harbor Junc tion c-f Isanc I yorlv, b's v.ifo and two children. Feeling ran high at tho time and an effort wns inado to lynch the nogroes. They wore hurrlod awny and brought to Charlotte, whore thoy remalnod until last night whon thoy wore tuken to Salisbury for trlul. The Date Changed. Tho date of tho plonlo and entertain munt at Aylusworth has been changed owing to the Inclement- .wenther from August 8 and 9 tb August 21 and 25, iTHE RACE FOR PRESIDENT NOMINATION LIKELY TO BE FORCED ON ROOSEVELT. Ac Nominee of the Democrat Wm. J, Dry An is Certain to be Named. Ha Grown In Power and Pop ularity In Reeent Yearn. Washington, Aug. 0. That Trepi dant Roosevelt will be forced to take the Itepubllcan nomination for Presi dent In :) is regarded as not an un likely contingency by a former United States naior from a Southern state. s a lH-nrdlesa stripling, calling him self a Democrat, and, as anon as hi whlSKci n grew, rall.ng himself a mpti- llst, and when that party disappeared from the f.i of the earth, avowing himself u ttupubllcan, Marlon llutler, of North Carolina, posing as a leader of Republican thought In t.te South. expresses the opinion tlmt .Mr. Roose velt will be h candidate unless the ItetmblleaiiH develop a man sultlcleut ly Kmmevcltlan in character ami pur pose to satlofy the man who has made the name famous. llutler I a young man and yet a vet eran, buvlnn served a full term ns sen ator Irom North Carolina. He came Into the high places through nervy ac tivity In the Farmers' Alliance, which about lSi2-U3 was turning the politics of not a few stntes upside down. The venerated Zeh Vance had died. Had- I on I free sllverlsm and populism broke out tenet her, bad In sKHs, In tit" Southern states. (leu. .Mat Hansom had been too much of a Cleveland ad ministration man to suit the masses of voters In North Carolina and they permitted tho opposition to carry the legislature, llutier had made himself a kind of national figure In the popu list imrty. Ho was so aggressive and full of promises that he got to the front and was elected to the scnato In Knee of Itansotu. serving I row March 1895 In -larch 101. Mr. llutler Itoro himself as a popu Hit In the senate an.i had little or nothing to do with tho DomocrnlM, p iHsllily lKH-nusc they had 'nothing whiitevor itolltlcally to do with him, Since he left uie senate, after veer Ing as far as possible from the Detn oeratlc party he apjienreil In the early days of the Roosevelt administration actlvo as an advisory factor In the selection of federal olllceholders In the old north state. In the recent ltepuhilcnn state couvont'ou, which wns Addressed and roundly lectured by Secretary Taft, the former senator wn a guiding spirit. He is it frequent visitor to Wash ington. Seen on tho street he cuts quite a swell figure. He nptareutty enjoys excelleu'. relations with fash tonublo tailors and the cleverest (on Mirlal artists, for the style of tits cliihis anil the tut of his luxuriant Mark beard make him look anything but tho ;.op-eyeil advocate of win! -.fheme of government he was a few years back. llutler nas the credit for Inning prospered much In the laat few yeara. He was a fanuor when he is leading tho Tar Heel Pops, was long-legged, awkwatd and plainly dressed. At the present writing hi iM-euiMitlou Is not generally known, whatever it may be, but In appear ance he is the nlgnest thing to sarto rial sleekness that wears raiment In Washington. Mr. Duller claims that he was con- ned to Ilepuolloaiilsm by nothing Iimh than Koosevedlsm illrocied uKsliid the trusts. "There Is no need or room for n third party," he said today, "so long a ; the Itepubllcan party stands for what It does now and contlnuos to ac complish things. Tho only room for a new party would be for one mado in of tho monopolists at one una ana the so-oallod socialists at tho other fie two oxtromiw, neither one ot which Is satisfied with elthor Ilrynn or lloosevolt. Thore Is no excuse for a populist party, with the Democrnts and tho Republicans taking up the cardinal reforms which the oputits 'ood for." Charging the democratic jwrty with luck of cohesion, organisation and In kincerlty, .Mr. Iltitlor said that It was m good oxropt as a kleker. He was asked, "Which is the more ndlcal, Ilrynn or Roosevelt?" "We won't discuss that question." he replied. 'I rotfard Roosevelt as th greatest president tlieeo-intry has had. lie Is a niati.of the Andrew JacVe nioulu courajeous, able, honest, en ergetic. That's tho reason you wilt tind a great many Andrew Jackson iH tiiocnitn voting lor him. Will Itoovcvelt be a candidate?" 'Not unless he Is forced, and he dies not wish to bo forced." "Who will be the i democratic nomi nee?" ' "Itryan Is certain to he. Mr. Bryan hns grown In the last few years, not only In the estimation ot the country. Imt he has grown In fact. Tho coun try knows now that he was a bigger man Ih I8 than tho country thought be was. i he is nefeated it will not tie because the people an not beiler In him. but because they do not lie- Here In the ability of the Democratic party to aeeotupllsn things." "Can anyone out Roosevelt Irani llryan?" "Any Keimhllcan that Roosevelt mipports and tne people aro eonvlnc eil will carry nut Roosevelt's policies can defeat llryan. lint any Republican candidate nominated whom the peo ple do not believe could curry mil I bone policies would be defeated. I belli e Roosevelt hopes and expect that such a man will bo developed by the time the convention Is held, tie knows that If such a man Is not de veloped tho imrty will force him to run lu spite of his wishes." Enforce Cattle Shipment Law. Artlmorolto Siclal. Washington, Aug. 7. The doiwrt ineul of agriculture will today begin a rigid enforcement of the cattle ship incut law, which provides for an ox ton slon of the time for unloading and feeding cattle lu transit from twenty eight to thlrty-atx hours. The chief provision of the net Is that cattle must not he carried by the railroad for a longer period than twenty-eight hotitii without the written permission of thu shippers. It also provides that caltlo unloaded for rest and feod must e housed lu covered pen of ample ca Mclty and under strict sanitary cotidi tlons. Violations of the law, If report ed to the agricultural detriment, will ho nsNessed the maximum penalty. Texas Soldler'c Reunion. A rd morel to Special. Granbury, Tex., Aug. 7. A reunlca of (dd settlers and soldiers, to Inst three days, began hero this morning. An i d-tlme fiddlers' contest will he a feat tiro of tho closing day. Ad dresses will 1.- made by well known men, Including Kldur Clark of Add-Ran-Jarvls college, the Hon. T. J. Powell and Capt. II. It. I'addook of Fort Worth. Baker and NeJII to Flfjht. Ardmorelte 8ieclal. l.os. Angeles, Cal., Aug. 7. Frankla Nelll and Harry linker meet lu a twenty-round iMitit befor the Paclllo Athletic Club tonight, linker has hut recently Joined tho professional niuks having been thu clutmplou amateur featherweight of this country. He fights much after the manner of Abe Attell, and It I bellevod will give a good account of himself at tonight's go. Arkansas Farmers' Union, Ardmorelte Special. Little Rock, Ark, Aug. 7. The an nual meeting of the Arkansas Farm er.V Co-oHrnl!ve union otened hero today with a large alttudance. Ad dresses, dealing with oottoti culture, fruit growing anil other crop will he delivered by authorities. The conven tion will close Thursday evening, lienjaiiiln I.. (Irlllln Is secretary ot the union and reports a considerable Increase In membership and Inlliiouee durln gtbe last year. Great Display of Photographs. Ardmoroltu Special. Niagara Falls, N. V Aug, 7. A ills pluy of photographs of the best photog raphers of this country and Kuropo Is a feature of the annual convention of thu National Amorloan Photograph ers' Association, which opouod in tho Cataract house today. Delegates aro present from nearly overy state In tho Union, Ice Men Indlcttd. Hy associated I'rosa. Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 7. Tho grand Jury today found truo bills ot Indictment against fourteon momhors of tho Philadelphia Ico Kxcliango, otiurged with conspiracy to Inoroaso the prlcu of lco. Genuine French Duel, lly Assoolatod Prctw. Paris, Franco, Aug. 7. Gonorals Andre nnd Nogrlor fought a duel with pistols today. Amlro II rod without hit ting his opponent. Nogror declined to fro. The principal Iqtt tho fluid un reconciled, JAPAN BRINCS UP A CRISIS TOKIO GOVERNMENT GRABBING ENTIRE TRADE. Of Rich Territory In New Manchuria. American Goeds Barred From the Country Under Guise of Military Expediency. Washington, Aug. . Under thu Japanese management of affaire lit Manchuria, a condition has nrls-m which la likely to arouse ereu n great er protest from the United States than that which was leveled at Russia, by the late Secretary of State Hay In his efforts to have that great cout.try ofieneil up to even trade conditions for the world. The state department la In receipt or ccmmnrncntlona from American business men In tint far east and tram American olllcints whose duty It Is to look after thu commercial rigut.i of this country, which present ti con stantly Increasing numlier of com plaints, llefire the war between Rus sia and .Inpan. the milted States ex pressed for equal rights In Manchu ria with the rest of the world. lly the iwuee Ironly of Portsmouth Japan become committed to tho prlniHil of "open door" or "equal op portunity," for nil nations lu Mnncnti rla. Ilnth belligerents In their trotty, promised to ovnettato nt tholr earliest posslblo inoniont, nnd turn thu coun try over to China. Artlolo I of the treaty says: "JaiHiu and Russia reciprocally on gugo not to obstruct any general measures common to nil coun'.-l&i which China may tnko for tho devel opment of commorco or Industry ot Manchuria." The most eminent nlllclals or Japan declare that thoy nnd no ulterior schemes for monopolising thu trade of Manchuria. They promised that tho other nations or the world should be tree In wo lu there and seek tho Initio of Hint region. United State consuls were nppolnlod for Antiing, Mukden, Dalny, Nleuchung, Harbin nnd other ImiHirtant centers lu Manchuria. American merchants mid shippers prepared to lake the Jnimnese nt tholr word and made arrangements to acclc (ratio In Manchuria. It Is now charged that, under the guise of military expe diency, the Jaisinese olllclnls nro pre venting the entrance of American good.4 Into Manchuria, while Jnpancso merchants nre nrfordod an opportuni ty to get their wares Into tho country duty-free. In other words, tho Japanese nro 'grabbing" the country commercially, and aro making It as thoroughly Jap. anese us Jamn or Korea, and nt tho sumo time nro not living up to tho p.edge of tho tronty ot Portsmouth not to obstruct nuw moasuro which China might tuku for tho development ot Manchuria. IOWA DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. Believed Six Thousand Delegates Crowd the Building. Ardmorelte Special. Waterloo, Iowa, Aug. 7. Tho Demo cratic state convention opouod this forenoon in the new auditorium at Chautauqua park, one mile u; tho rlv er from this city. Many counties sent double delegations and as n result tho building, which accommodates 0,000 persons, is crowded. The delegates are confident of vic tory In tho coming elections and much eiithuMlnsm is manifested. Gcorga Hall of Iowa City, a promluout lawyer and momher of tho state legislature, will probably bo given the nomination for govornor. Ovor $3,000 hns been raltied to entertain tho dologatcB whllo hero and overy offort Ih bolug tuuda by the cltlzoiib ot tho city, regardless of politics, to niako tho present con vention a memorable ono. Maneuvers at Fort Russell. Ardmorolto Special. Cheyonno, Wyo., Aug. 7. Tho Twenty-ninth Infantry from Fort Lo gan, Col., arrived hore today and wont Into camp at Fort Russell, whoro tho summer maneuvers of this department nro being hold. Tho reg Imont, which Ih In command of Col. II. C. Ixokwood, lnnrohed tho ontiri distance from Fort Logan. Many troops from Nobraskn and tho North west and from New Moxlco hnvo ar rived and othors r.ro oa tholr way. Dally Ardmorolto DOo por month.