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Bismarck tribune. (Bismarck, D.T. [N.D.]) 1878-1884, November 05, 1880, Image 7

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S 7_
Tb True "Inwardness" of the
"Solid South."
Lettar fr»m tke Hob lay
FKUJOW-CITIZKNS—Having been nominated
by the Republicans of the Ninth Michigan dis­
trict to represent you in Congress for the fifth
consecutive time, I should esteem it an especial
breach of duty, under ordinary circumstances,
to be absent from that district during this can­
vass. But, occupying as I do the Chairmanship
of the Republican Congressional Committee,
my judgment tells me—and in this I think all
good Republicans will agree—that I should not
be absent from this central post of duty. This,
therefore, must be my excuse for thus address­
ing you.
In the olden time, when two armies in hostile
array confronted each other, it was sometimes
the practice for the leader of each—or for some
specially selected man from each—to step to
the front and decide the battle issue by single
combat. Thus it was that David, afterward
KitC of Israel, by slaying Goliath with a pebble,
defeated the army of the Philistines.
As nations grew more enlightened, the trial
by single combat ceased, and victory fell to that
«de which had the most skill, courage, muscle
and weight of numbers.
Later on, other elements of warfare devel­
oped themselves, and it was found some­
times that the nation with the longest purse
was often victorious. But the latest lesson
taught us by war is that, all else being equal, the
army which is best armed must triumph. Thus
it was that Gormany successively dictated her
own terms at Vienna and at Paris.
Now, I take it the great contest between the
opposing armies of Republicanism and Democ­
racy into which we have just entered is not to
be fought out on the old plan of single combat,
but on the new.
The leaders, Gen. Garfield on the one side
and Gen. Hancock on the other—both cour­
ageous, both athletic, both skilled, both in the
very prime of stalwart life—are not to stand
out in front of the line of battle and grapple
each with the other until one falls wounded
unto death The day for such spectacles hag
passed. Nor are they to come out to thqrfrout
and halt, facing the enemy, while the enemy
pelts each leader with volleys of mud and
billingsgate! The day for such a spectacle, I
trust, has not yet come.
Not thus are the issues presented by two
great political parties before an enlightened
American public to be decided.
That party will be victorious which is the beet
armed and equipped with the truest and safest
and widest principles, and whoso record will
show that it has acted upon those principles so
as to secure "the greatest good to the greatest
number." That one will be trusted which has
shown itself most worthy of trust
Hence it is that I shall have not one word to
say against Gon. Hancock personally, as I am
sure were Gen. Hancock addressing you lie
would have not one word to say against Gen.
Garfield personally. Both of these distin­
guished leaders, if consulted, would deprecate
a campaign of personal uetraction—of mud
This is a contest of principles, not men prin­
ciples as exhibited by the traditions, the history,
the controlling spirit of each party.
The prize is vast. No less th&n the Govern­
ment of this great nation, with all its attend­
ant responsibility for the safety, honor, happi­
ness, freedom and prosperity of all its people
^And I ask every Democrat at^11 open to the
convictions ol' reason, as well as ever}' voter
who hesitates, to weigh carefully and well the
facts confronting him. before he carta the vote
upon wliich so much 'that, in sacred to us and
dear to the oppressed of all lauds now de­
Consider well, my friends, these vital ques­
tions. and after that review, answer with your
enlightened votes lie question that another
old-time Democrat (Gen. Grant) has put—
whether the Democratic party, "as now con­
stituted and controlled, is a fit party to trust
with the control of the General Govern­
How is the Democratic party now "consti­
tuted and controlled Let us see.
At the last Presidential election 4,284,235
Democratic votes were cast in all the States for
J'residential electors. Of this Democratic
popular vote," as it is termed, 2,670,065 votes
were cast by Democrats of Northern States,
and 1,614.200 votes were ea»t by Democrats of
Southern States—States that were known as
"slave States" before tbo Rebolliou—to wit
Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Geor­
gia, Kentucky, Louisiana. Maryland, Mississip­
pi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia
States wliich are now claimed* to be banded to­
gether as a solid South." In other words,
the "solid South" contains a trifle more than
half as many Democratic voters as there are
Democratic voters in all the other States, or
one-third of the entire Democratic vote of all
the States, North and South.
Now. where the responsibility for party meas­
ures should properly rest upon the whole Demo­
cratic party, North as well as South, one would
naturallv suppose that in its councils the North­
ern Democracy, having double the popular
weight of the Southern Democracy, should rule
wherever Democracy is in power. Northern
Democracy liae as much ability surely as has
the Democracy of the South, besides having
two-thirds of the Democratic popular voting
power at its back, yet this immensely-pre­
ponderating Northern vote is by some innang
not allowed by the solid South to assert a
policv of its own, but is obliged to bend its
neck "to the yoke of Southern dictation. That
is not a healthy state of things to begin with
and thiri is the very kernel of the nut which
the people at this election are called upon to
This uHurpation of power by a small minority
of a great party over the policy and actions of
that whole party is what every Northern Dem­
ocrat should recent. The possibility of this ex­
ercise of power over the entire country by the
representatives of only 1,614,200 SonthernDem
ocratie votes out of 8,411,136 votes is what
every Northern man should, by all legal means,
resist. The American people surely will not
permit this great and puissant nation to be
governed by a mere fraction of a party backed
by less than one-fifth of the entire popular
That the "solid Southern" wing absolutely
runs the entire Democratic party will hardly
be denied by any person respecting the truth.
Of course, in the making of national platforms,
it stands nobly back and permits the Northern
Democracy to formulate grand professions and
meaningless platitudes but when it comes to
work, to action, t.hig solidified, dominating
Southern fraction asserts its tyrannical power,
and Northern Democracy tamely yields
Is the republic ready to slip its neck into
the Southern noose? Not yet, I tako it, not
How is it that this 1,600,000 solid Southern
Democratic votes controls the whole Demo­
cratic party,' and in the event of the election of
Hancock and a Democratic House would con­
trol the 50,000,000 of people composing this re­
It is because by killing, by torture, by whip­
pings, by other violences and, where these have
failed, by stuffing ballot-boxes with tissue bal­
lots, and by the commission of other frauds and
outrages—the Republican majorities, and in
some cases the entire Republican vote of the
South, have been wiped out, and the Southern
States stand in the Electoral College and in
Congress solidly" Democratic.
Thus it is that, claiming for the "solid
South" 138 of the 185 electoral votes necessary
to elect a President, and holding a large ma­
jority of the Democrats in each of the two
houses of Congress, and a consequently large
majority in the Democratic caucus upon every
measure—and every measure of importance to
South is always made a caucus measure—
the '"solid South" is the controlling power in
Senate by committee rolo if not caucus rale
controlling the organization of both bodies in
way, and controlling ewaPWadwh
tial nominations by the mere force of the solid
188 electoral votes, which lack but 47 votes of
a majority.
Thin ig the secret of the wonderfully-dispro­
portionate power which this fraction of a party
exerts over the whole party, and which it
threatens to extend over this nation of 50,000,
000 people and it is through blood and terror
and fraud that that power has been secured
and is *.hi« party, so constituted and con­
trolled," that asks the American people to trmst
it just this once" witfc the reins of govern­
Put your heads in the Southern noose if ve
will, O people 1 but blame not us for failure to
warn you.
What has dominating solid South" done
in the States where it waded through blood and
terror and fraud to supremacy What has it
done in Congress? What has it proposed to
do What will it do if continued in legislative
wer, with Hancock in the executive chair
it us see.
In these solid Southern States it has re­
pudiated righteous State debts, and it has en­
acted laws which put humanity to shame laws
which make the condition of the poor white
and black laborer worse than that of slavery.
The crime of stealing a hog is, in Georgia, a
felony, punishable by four years in the peni­
tentiary In Mississippi the punishment for
stealing a sucking pig, a lamb or a kid of the
valuo of $1 is five years in the penitentiary!
This is because the "half-starved colored people
who steal are apt to steal something eatable.
One dollar's value of what colored people are
driven to steal is grand larceny, while in the
class of goods that white people are more likely
to steal it is petit larceny up to $10 worth. In
Alabama imprisonment at hard labor for five
years follows the stealing of a few roasting cars
"of corn!
In Mississippi there is a contract" system
by which prisoners "under sentence of any
court," whether in the penitentiary or county
jail, are oontracted out to any responsible
person for their mere maintenance! Even a
person simply committed to jail for an offense
that is bailable" can be compelled to go out and
work for any of these contractors, because if
he refuses such person shall be entitled to
receive from the common jailer, as diet for
each day, only six ounces of bacon or ten
ounces of beef,"and one pound of bread and
water." Beside this he is Compelled to work
out ihe costs of prosecution, etc., which at the
rates paid by the contractor might consume his
ontire life!
The contract system prevails also in Alabama
and in Georgia to a Btill greater extent- and, in
fact, this vile and degrading system extends to
nearly all the Southern States.
A witness before the Senate Exodtua Investi­
gation Committee testified that in Texas when
a man gets intoxicated or plays a game of cards,
he is tried before the County Judge and fined,
and tho courts work in the lawyer's fee until the
whole tiling amounts up to $65, 75 or $100."
Said he: "A man who was arrested in Milam
county for carrying a six-shooter was fined $65
1 think the costs and lawyer's fees amounted to
#65 he was at work all last year and the year
Ixifore last, and the year beforo that again."
Evidence was before the committee that a col­
ored woman was arrested and fined $30, and
hired to work it out at a quarter of a cent a day!
'.Chirty dollars are 12,000 quarter cents, wliich
represents a sentence in this ca«e of nearly 33
years! These people, it was also testified,
"work under the supervision of a sergeant
with a gun and nigger-hounds."
By the} landlord lien-laws of South Carolina,
Georgia and other solid Southern States, the
landlord has alien in some cases on one-third
and in other cases upon the whole of tho crop.
The miserable tenant cannot sell or take for his
own use any part of it, unless by the consent of
the landlord, until the landlord is paid, and in
many cases has to turn over to him the whole
crop, trusting to liis honesty for the rofcurn of a
remnant In too many cases the landlord takes
all or nearly all then the poor tenant is forced
to make a contract with the landlord for future
food and supplies, in which he gives the land­
lord tho control of everything.
This nystem of keeping poor people in A state
of everlasting debt is what is called peonage, a
condition in some respects worse than slavery.
It was this system of peonage which, pursued
by the Spaniards in Mexico and other Spanish
American dependencies, led to the bloody revo­
lutions which freed them from the Spanisnyoke.
It is this system of peonage which largely
accounts for the exodus of the poor colored peo­
ple from the South. This is how the "solid
South rules now in those States where it has
full power.
Can any one doubt that, in the event of tho
election of Hancock and a Democratic House,
the "solid South" would extend the ac­
cursed peonage system over the North—over
white aa well as black labor—and, in course of
time, thoroughly Mexicanize it? If there be
such a doubter let him glance over the pages of
The "solid South," where peonage now
exteta, is solidified by the old slave power—
the power which insists on
labor, in­
stead of paying it fair wages and giving it an
equal chance. For forty-five years that power
has held tenaciously to this accursed system,
by which honest labor is degraded and made
servile. They will never givo it up. To them
it is a religion. In 1835 their great apostle,
Calhoun, said:
Let it be fixed, let it be riveted in every
Southern mind, that the laws of the slave
holding States, for the protection of their do­
mestic institutions, are paramount to the laws
of tiie General Government."
In 1886. Pickens, of South Carolina, declared
that capital should own labor, and that if
laborers ever obtain political power in this
country, it is in fact in a state of revolution!"
Hammond,. of South Carolina, termed the
people of the North, the mechanics and labor­
ers, by the opprobrious name of "sansculottes!"
Said he
"Against this institution (slavery) war has
been commenced! The sansculottes
are moving! On the banks of the Hudson, the
Ohio and the Susquehanna on the hills and in
the dales, and along the iron-bound coasts of
immaculate New England, they are mustering
their hosts and preparing for their ravages!"
In 1856 Representative Keitt, a Southern
leader, Baid:
"Slavery is a great primordial fact, rooted in
the origin of tilings. As a
corollary to this, it may be safely deduced that
the existence of laborers and mochanics in or­
ganized societies was tho result of the partial
and progressive emancipation of slaves.
History tells us, also, that when the working
classes'stepnod out of bondage they branched
into four recurring subdivisions—the hireling,
the beggar, the thief, and the prostitute!"
Other Southern leaders uttered similar doc­
society a failure
"slavery is the normal condition of the labor­
ing man, whether white or black "the
principle of slavery is right, and does
not depend upon complexion "slavery,
white or black, is right and neces
saiv "the laws of all the Southern States
justified the holding of white men in slav­
ery and the abominable "free society"
was denounced as being made up of "mud­
sills of the North," small farmers and greasy
Kuffin actually proposed to reduce tho white
mechanic and laborer to bondage! While Fitz
hugh systematized the proposition by saving
that a negro slave is worth about f800, a white
slave, by reason of his harder-workins: nature,
would be worth $1,000. Give, therefore, the
$1,000 capitalist one white slave, the §10,000
capitalist ten white slaves, and the millionaire
"But," says a Northern Democrat, "the war
settled that matter of slavery forever that is a
dead is&ue."
Not so. my friend. True, we thought it. set­
tled forever, but the solid South" has resur­
rected it. The bonds of slavery were struck
from tho limbs of 4,000,000 of slaves by one
stroke of the pen of Abraham Lincoln. But
the bonds of peonage have been woven around
those limbs again. And the mission of tho Ro
publican party—the mission of every free
Northern man—can never end until peonage no
longer exists in this republic. Nay, more. Not
only does it exist in the South, but it threatens
the Northern small farmer and mechanic and
laborer should the Democratic party gain con­
trol of the Government, because that party, as
I havo shown, is absolutely controlled by the
solid Southern" wing—that power which re­
ligiously believes in owned labor.
Grown insolent with past political success,
the old Southern leaders come to the front and
declare that all the precious blood and treasure
expended by the North in defending the integ­
rity of the united republic, and in freeing the
slave, were spent in vain!
So firmly, alas! has the principle of human
slavery—of owned labor—been riveted into the
Southern mind, thai the war of the Rebellion
only loosened it for a time, and the interval has
been employed by the solid Southern" leaders
in reriveting it. We see it in the accursed
system of peonage now legalized in the solid
And we have the same old spirit of defiance
and arrogance breathed by their leaders, as of
old, on all points that we thought had been set­
tled by the arbitrament of the sword.
Twenty years ago that sword was drawn.
Sixteen "years ago that sword was sheathed.
Those four years of carnage decided, if they
decided anything, that no State in this Union
had the right to peaceably secede that no citi­
zen of any State had the'right to fight for his
State while attempting to forcibly secede that
the sovereignty of the State is subordinate to
the sovereignty of the nation and that every
man, woman and child within its borders stands
Yet, only two years ago—fourteen years after
these questions had been decided by war—Jef­
ferson Davis, the still-adored leader of the
solid South," declared (as reported in a Dem­
ocratic organ) his "unshaken belief in the
right of secession and the duty of the citizen
to battle in the cause of the State after seces­
sion that events had vindicated the judg­
ment of those who held separation to be neces­
sary for the safety and freedom of the South­
ern States .and, said he, You struck for in­
dependence and were unsuccessful. You
agreed to return to the Union and abide by the
constitution and laws made in conformity with
it. Thus far, and no further, do I understand
your promise to extend."
This was from a speech delivered but two
years ago by the almost-worshiped head of the
rebel Confederacy—the real head of the solid
South" to-day. Is there a doubt on that
score Then turn to the Congressional pro­
ceedings of the 3d of March, 1879, little more
than one year ago, and fifteen years after the
rebellion was crushed, aa we had finally sup­
posed, and observe how Southern Senator after
Southern Senator arose in his place and eulo­
gized this very Jefferson Davis, all declaring
substantially with Senator Lamar, of Missis­
sippi, that there is not "ono distinction be­
tween the people of tho South and Jefferson
Davis," ana with Senator Coke, of Texas, that
he represents us, and we lovo him we re­
spect and revero him." Among these eulo­
gists were not only Lamar of Mississippi, and
Coke of TexaB, but Gai land of Arkansas, Ran­
som of North Carolina, Gordon of Georgia, and
Morgan of Alabama.
In thus eulogizing the man who had pro­
claimed but a few months before these seces­
sion principles, they necessarily indorsed the
principles themselves.
These men are the men who control the
"solid South" to-day, together with Wade
Hampton, who, speaking of the issues of this
campaign, and referring to Lee and Jackson,
said, as reported by tho Staunton Vindicator, a
Democratic organ, mind you "I ask you to
remember those who have died on your soil,
and to remember that the principles they died
for are again on trial to-day."
And it was these men—present representative
Southern leaders, sitting in the Senate of the
republic—who, hour after hour, speaking in
that high forum, under the solemn sanctity of
their oaths, thus eulogized the traitor and* his
At last uprose the stalwart form of brave Zach
Chandler, his eyes blazing with patriotic tire,
his visage pale and stern with the
gathered wrath
of hours. With impressive vehemence he told
the stoiy of Jeff Davis' crimes, and declared to
these Southern Senators that they little know
the spirit of the North when they come here at
this day, and with bravado on their lips utter
eulogies upon a man whom every man, woman
and child in tho North believes to have been a
double-dyed traitor to his Government!"'
That recital electrified tho North. But
Zachariah Chandler is dead, and the North has
Meanwhile the restless Southrons work in­
cessantly and relentlessly toward what Wade
Hampton terms their one great object"
They tried to force a Republican President
and Senate to yield to tho demand of a Dem­
ocratic House for the abolition of the safeguards
thrown around the Federal elections, the ob­
ject being to open the door wide in tne States
of New York, Indiana, and elsewhere in the
North, to election frauds.
With the same object in view—the election by
fraud of a Democratic candidate for the Presi­
dency, a President whom the "solid South"
could control—they forced an extra segsfctft of
Congress, and consumed it in persistent efforts
of both houses (the Seriate having passed into
the hands of the Democrats) to overawe the
President and broak down that co-ordinate
power of the veto which is given to him by the
Failing in this they again tried it, and tried it
in vain, at the succeeding regular session of
They refused, however, to the last to appro­
priate money to pay the Supervisors and Depu­
ty Marshals of Federal elections for their ser­
vices in preventing election frauds, partly from
spite and partly in the vain hope that good and
efficient men could not be found to perform
those patriotic services without immediate pay.
Had ihe President been less firm, had they
succeeded in abolishing these safeguards around
Federal elections, the "solid South" would
have demanded and would have dictated the
nomination of a Southern man .for President by
the Democracy.
Ex-Senator Robert Toombs let this "cat. out
of the bag when he said But what are we
to do? We cannot pnt in one of our men this
time and have to take a 'Yank.' That being tho
ca«e. lot us take one who is Jess blue-bellied'
than the most of them." And he added: You
may depend upon ir, sir. that. Yank' or no
'Yank.1 if elected, the old toys of the South will
see that Hancock do.* the fair thing by them.
In other words, he will run the machine to suit
them, or they will run t'ue thing themselves.
They are not going to be ployed with any
It cannot be denied that the "solid South"
nominated Gen. Hancock for the Presidency
because he would serve a« a temporary mask
for their purposes. It cannot be denied that hi
so nominating hira. "because." as Wade Hamp­
ton says. li« was an available man," the sol­
id South" meant business." The character
of tliar business" I will refer to directly.
But first let me remind you again—for some
of us are very forgetful—that Hancock, if
elected, will doubtkW owe his election to the
solid South." because it was the solid South"
which nominated hurt, and because the 138 elect­
oral votes of the. solid South" will maize three
fourths of the 185 necessary to elect.
Now, with a President not only owing his
nomination, but also owing three-fourths of his
electoral vote to the "solid South," and only
one-fourth of it to a fraction of the North, how
would he be likely to be influenced in all things
administrative? Would the "solid South" or
the fraction of the North influence him?
This is a very serious question, and there is
but one candid answer' to it The "solid
South" would own him, "body, boots and
But some of you good Northern Democrats
will say: "Don't yon believe it Hancock has
put himself on record as to the Thirteenth,
Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments. He
has put himself on record as to Southern
claims," and BO on. "Ho is a man of nerve, and
will not go back on his promises."
Ah, my friend! promises are not as good aa
The solid South makes no promises now,
although the past is strewn with the wrecks of
their shattered pi-omises and broken oaths the
"solid South" will "sec" to this matter them­
selves should the time unhappily come for
them to act Hanoock, be assured, "will run
the machine to suit them, or what?
they will run the machine to suit themselves."
What means that threat? Do you think, my
good friends, that the "solid South," that
power devoted to owned labor, which has al­
ready waded through seas of blood for this one
idea—that power which Is not going to be
played with any longer," "will hesitate at any
means to reach their one great object
Should Hancock "kick," are there not more
ways than one by which they will run the ma­
chine to suit themselves?"
Do you remember the singularly-sudden
death of President Harrison, and how soon
thereafter his successor "Tylerized?"
Have you forgotten how soon after the death
of Taylor Fillmore apostatized to the South?
Have yon forgotten that Franklin Pierce was
brought forward as the candidate of the free
of the North, and how soon
*,• '. $' 9 w»
tovs* v^r-Y^vv':*r.«*«ss? ,• w'm\
-,•••**." ,• '":",
after his election he was the pliant tool of this
same South?
Do you remember the mysterious National
Hotel poisoning" and it£ marvelous effect upon
poor unnerved President Buchanan?
Do you forget the assassination of President
Lincoln, and the equally strange change of
mind that came over his successor?
Do you imagine for an instant, in your guile­
less innocence, that the Democratic band that
controlled Tyler and Fillmore and Pierce that
unnerved poor Buchanan that assassinated
Lincoln that deluged our fair land with blood
and covered it with hecatombs of our slain
brothers: that delights in whipping and
slaughtering white or black if he dare exercise
a free man's will that stuffs the ballot
box and smothers beneath fraudulent bal­
lots free voting that is guilty of such
numberless infamous outrages "under its
peonage laws that holds its own narrow and
selfish pride of rule and lust of power so dear
and human life so cheap is it at all likely, in
view of their past and present heinous crimes,
that the hand of the solid South" would hesi­
tate to sweep off its obstructed path a Hancock
or an English?
Ah! my friend, when the time comes—should
they be elected, which God forbid I—Hancock
will be made to understand this thing, and if
he does not quail at once means will not be
wanting to make him float gently along in the
Southern gulf stream, or fantastically bob up
and down responsive to the waves stirrdd by
every solid Southern" breeze
The "old" traitor boys of the South—the
"old boys," with perjured lips and murderous
hearts and bloody hands—the old boys of the
South will see that Hancock runs the Gov­
ernment just as they want it run!
And how do these grim "old boys of the
South want it run? What says Wade Hamp­
ton? The principles they (Lee and Jackson)
died for are again on trial to-day." What said
the orator at Kizer Hill, Ala.? "If Hancock is
elected you will be paid for all the property
yon have lost through radical rule,
and we can redress all our wrongs." What said
Representative Blackburn onlv last year? "We
do not intend to stop until we liave stricken the
last vestige of your war measures from the stat­
ute-books." What did he say, the other day, at
Batavia, Ohio? Let the Radicals cease their
brawl about the 'solid South.' She is solid,
thank God! She was solid for Jeff Davis in
1860, and will be solid for Hancock in 1880
What says Jeff Davis when he asserts his "un­
shaken belief in the right of secession?'*
What means the repudiation of Southern State
debts? What means the system of peonage—
tho system of owned labor now existing in the
Do not these expressions of the "solid South­
ern "leaders, these acts of the "solid South,"
constitute a 'platform of intentions more elo­
quent, more truthful, more in keeping with all
the past history and traditions of the South
than any platform that can be drawn and
paraded before the people by Northern Demo­
Should Hancock be eleoted, the programme
of the solid South is all too plain.
The national debt of nearly $2,000,000,000
will be repudiated on similar pretexts that liave
led to the repudiation of Southern State debts.
Southern war claims, which, as thus far esti­
mated, reach the startling aggregate of $3,000,
000,000, will be paid by the issue of 3-per-K!eni
100-year bonds—as has been already proposed.
An adjustment will be made with the holders of
the immense Confederate war debt so as to
make good the credit of the solid South" in
the event of another war. The Supreme Court
will be reconstructed in accordance with
the principle of the Manning bill, so
as to make it "solidly" Democratic, or,
in other words, solidly Southerns' in
sentiment That court, so reconstructed, will
construe the constitutional amendments so as
to make them a dead letter, or wipe them out
altogether as having been irregularly adopU*3.
Rebel pensions and bounties will be paid. The
80,000 Eepublieans and Democrats now holding
office because of experience, fitness and ability
will be summarily kicked out and raw men put
in their places, with Bourbon Democracy as
the sure recommendation—and of these most
win be Confederates! As in the Senate and tho
House they have kicked out seventy-six Union
soldiers, mostly wounded and crippled defend­
ers of the Union, and put into place eighty
eight rebel soldiers, KO in all the departments
and offices under the Government the hatred
of the "solid South" for the Union soldier
will be shown. Nor is it at all sure that the
audacity of the "solid South" will stop at
these measures. It may even amend the pen­
sion and bounty laws by absolutely cutting off
from their beneficent provisions the Union
soldier, while placing the rebel soldier in his
stead it will abolish all Federal election laws
in order by fraud to consolidate and perpetuate
its power it will abolish all restrictions upon
rebels. Jeff Davis will be pardoned, and pen­
sioned, and returned to official power. The
army will be reorganized. Confederates will
swell its ranks in place of Union men, and
from Sherman down the old Generals of the
Union army will be legislated out and Confed­
erates legislated in. West Point will be recon­
structed. So, also, the navy. Attempts will be
made to introduce peonage and landlord-lion
laws in the North and to lead up to this last
the present protective tariff, which fosters our
home manufactures, gives employment and hap­
piness and competence to millions of content­
ed artisans, mechanics and laborers in the
manufacturing centers, and which, by affording
a home market to the productions of the soil,
contributes indirectly, yet very largely, to the
prosperity of the farmer, will be stricken down,
and a tariff for revenue," which will ruin the
manufacturer, ruin the fanner and pauperize
labor of every kind, will be enacted. Consider
for a moment, my Michigan friends, what a
tariff for revenue only" means to you—how
it would affect your local industries. It
would put upon the free list" nearly
every product of your farms, your for­
ests, your mines and your manufactories, be­
cause there is little, if any, revenue derived
therefrom. How would you like to have your
grains, your cattle, your lumber, your timber,
your copper and vorir iron ores placed upon the
free list?" And how would it affect the price
of labor? All that is within the programme of
the solid South." Meantime the national
banking system, itself a bond of Union, will be
stricken down and the old State system again
adopted. Everything will be done, that can be
done, by a "solid Southern" Government, and
Congress, and Supreme Court, to increase the
power of the "solid South" and ruin and
pauperize the North.
"But," savs a confiding Northern Democrat,
they wouldn't dare do all these things. We
of the North would not stand it 1"
I reply, in the words of another Northern
Democrat, "What are you gouig to do about
it?" You already side with the "solid South"
in striking down the securities against fraud in
the Federal elections. Those safeguards once
gone, your unwilling hands are tied. Congress­
men,'as well as Presidential electors, will be
counted in at the North just as the "solid
South" dictates. You will be manacled hand
and foot "What are you going to do about
Well," you say, if the solid South' were
to grind us down in that way, and stamp on us
when we were down, I suppose we would have
to resort to force."
Letmeask vou how a "resort to force"
would be met With the Presidency, the Con­
grats, the judiciary, all the offices, the army,
the navy, and all the well-drilled and disci­
plined militia regiments of the solid South"
to meet, what very brilliant chance of success
would you have, my friend, if. you, etc., "re­
sorted to force?"
Well," you say again, "the Northern States
oould atleast secede."
There, at last my Democratic friend, you have
struck the solid Southern''nail on' the head!
That is just where the "solid South" wants to
get you. That is the ultimate "great object"
for which the "solid Southern" leaders are
striving. At all costs they propose to get in
power. At all oosta they propose to keep in
power. At all costs they propose, when in power,
to madden the North as well as impoverish and
weaken it At all costs they propose to
force the Northern States to secede, and when
the 60lid South," after working all the ruin
they contemplate, have driven the North into
secession, the solid South "—a much larger
n.Tifl more powerful South than that which re­
belled—will laugh a quiet, foxy laugh, and say,
"Go, by all means we always believed in
peaceful seceesion! You are simply stultifying
your former course. We are ever consistent.
Go, by all means, and a good riddance of yon
Thin is the terrible revenge which "the solid
South" proposes—to foroe the North to not only
restore, but to vindicate for all tune the "Loft
CaU8» v3
Read again, my well-meaning Northern Dem­
ocratic friend, the recent declarations of Jeffer­
son Davis, of Wade Hampton, of other "solid
Southern chieftains, and the evidences pro­
ceeding fronv their actions. Read them again
in thiiC to you, new light and. if yon are not
convinced that this is the infamous programme,
of that "solid South," which, in population,
wealth, industry, productiveness, commercial
and agricultural capacity forms so small a frac­
tion of the United States, and whose popular
vote is so small in proportion to the total pop­
ular vote, even within the Democratic party,
then I say, "Even though the dead should
arise, ye would not believe."
It is" because of these infamous purposes
becauso of the atrocious disregard of means to
accomplish their great object," that at this
election, when the "solid South" has control of
Congress and will not hesitate to count Gar­
field out and Hancock in if the electoral ma­
jority for the former be small, it is necessary to
elect Garfield by so largo a majority that it "will
palsy the arm and the tongue and the will of
the consolidated conspiracy known as the
solid South."
Forty-seven electoral votes from the North
will insure the success of that devilish conspir­
acy Is the North so blind as to give a single
one? Was the war for freedom and union
waged in vain? For these priceless heritages
the North stinted not her blood, her treasure,
the lives of her best and bravest sons. Was it
all for naught? Is she to gain by long and
bloody and desolating war, only to lose by the
arts of treacherous demagogues?
The Union soldier, Hancock, is but the mask
which hides the trail of the rebel serpent
"The hand is the hand of Esau, but the voice
is the voice of Jacob." Hancock chauts the
sweet "music of the Union," but through it
all, louder and shriller is heard the old rebel
Freemen of America, be not deceived to your
own nndoing Vote as you once fought!
Thejissue to be decided now is not what
kind of dollars you are to have, nor how many
of them, but whether you are to have a coun­
The hour appeals to S JUT patriotism, not to
your pockets. Minor auestions of policy may
be settled hereafter. I'he peril is imminent!
You can trust that party which crushed se­
cession, which restored the Union, which se­
cured freedom, which has done all that has
been done for the smiling prosperity which
now makes this nation the envy of the world.
But dare you trust all that has been gained
in the hands of tho party dominated by the
solid South," the rule and ruin element, the
old rebels, the party which demands owned
labor, crushed manufactures, national disinte­
gration and national ruin
The nation awaits your answer at the polls
Respectfully yours,
D. C., Oct 2,1880.
A Republican Congress Almost Assured.
A noteworthy feature of the great Re­
publican victories in Ohio and Indiana
is the probable effect of them on the
next Congress. If the Democrats lose a
Senator in Indiana and the Republicans
gain eight Congressmen in the two
States, as now reported, the next Con­
gress "will be Republican in both
The Senate, after the 4th of March,
1881, will be nearly a tie. The terms of
twenty-five Senators expire on that day.
Eight Democratic Senators will certainly
be re-elected or replaced by Democrats,
and ten Republican Senators are in the
same situation. There remain seven
seats which are liable to be gained or
lost by one party or the other. The
Democrats have already gained a seat ia
Mississippi. The Republicans have
gained one in Ohio, and will surely
elect Senators in place of Dem­
ocrats in Connecticut, New York
and Pennsylvania. If New Jer­
sey and Indiana return Republicans
in place of Randolph and McDonald, as
now seems probable, the net Republican
gain will be five Senators. The Demo­
crats liave also lost a man in Virginia,
the Senator elect having been chosen in
opposition to the regular caucus, and
being avowedly independent in politics.
The Senate is now divided politically:
Republicans 33
If the Republicans gain five votes, as
they fully expect to do, the Senate will
stand (Mahone being classed as an In­
The combined opposition under these
circumstances will be- a tie with the Re­
publicans. The organization cannot be
made without Republican votes, and if
Mahone alone shall be won over, as he
easily may be, the Republicans may
control all the committees and complete­
ly regain their ascendency in the Senate.
The next House will probably be Re­
publican. The present House is com­
posed of 135 Republicans, 156 Demo­
crats, and two straight-out Nationals,
the other members of that party being
classed according to their customary
{filiations. The Democratic majority
on the most favorable showing is twen­
ty-one, and over the Republicans and
Nationals combined it is only five.
From present appearances the Repub
licans have gained eight members in
Ohio and Indiana alone. If there should
be no further Republican gains the
Democratic majority would be wiped
out, and their plurality reduced to three.
But everything indicates the loss of
many more Democratic seats, and the
election of a .clear majority of Repub­
licans to the next House.
The next Congress as well as the next
President will in all human probability
be Republican. Ail the departments of
the Government will be controlled by
one party, and that party the one best
fitted by experience to discharge the re­
sponsible duties of such a position. The
benefits of an administration thoroughly
Republican are too obvious to be point­
ed out. The Government should be
harmonious in all its parts. There
should be confidence between the Ex­
ecutive and the ^Legislature. Without
it there can never be complete efficiency
in the work of either. The Republican
party being in complete power can pass
many much-needed laws. It can legis­
late for the South in a kind but firm
spirit, and might in a single session of
Congress do much to restore peace and
enforce justice in that section. With a
Republican majority in control of the
treasury, business and financial interests
would be insured complete protection,
and the continuance of the present
period of unexampled prosperity be
guaranteed. Certainly the people will
have cause to be gtateful if Gen. Gar­
field in the White House shall have the
united and cheerful support of a Repub­
lican Congress at the other end of the
avenue!—Chicago Tribune.
MB. BENJAMIN BATCH, one of the
ablest statisticians in the country, died
at Newburyport, Mass., at the age of
75. He organized the first life insur
ahce company in the_ country, projected
several railroads, and was the originator
of the national-bank system, advocating
it long before the Rebellion. He has
also been for fifty years an advocate of
the Danen ship canaL A $
7W "ft
A QBAKB singer—-The tea-kettle. '1$
A POiiE light man—The Jamplighler.i^|^
As A physiological fact it may be men
tioned that negroes are not light-fin
THE man who died in harness proba­
bly forgot to shuffle off his mortal coil.
"WHERE to go when short of money—
Go to work.
STRANGE to say, when the mosquito ia
on the wing he is always at hum.
LEONID AS was one of the original
deadheads. He held the pass at Ther­
Is ix an evidence of a low taste when
a man gets on his knees to drink from a
HAS it ever occurred to base-ball men
that a milk pitcher is generally a good
fly-catcher 1
THERE is not much danger when it
rains cats and dogsbut, when it
Spitz dogs, look out
THE baker's business should be profit­
able a good part of his stock is rising
while he sleeps.
AxiitTDiNa to Beecher's estimate that
one female house-fly will lay 20,000
eggs in a season, the Churcfi Union
thinks "it is a pity a fly couldn't be
grafted on a hen."
WOMEN have cheek enough to wear
men's hats on their heads, but there is
one thing they dare not do: Not one of
them dare remove her hat in public and
duEt off the bald spot.—Detroit Free
TOURIST—"I say, boy, what's tho
name of that hill yonder?" Boy—
'4 Dunno." ToUrist—" Don't know
What! lived liere all your life and don't
know the name of it?" Boy—"No
the hill was here afore I com'd."
"DID you find Mr. Spriggins. Pat­
rick?" "I did, surr." "What did he
say?" "Niver aworrud, surr." "Not
a word? Not a word? Why not, Pat­
rick?" "Because he was out, surr,"
"Out! I thought you said vou found
him." "I did, surr, found him out."
A MAN out West obtained a divorce
from his wife and married again within
three days after the decree was granted.
An Irishman, commenting on the man's
action, remarked: BedaJ, he couldn't
have had much respict for his first wife,
to be marrying again so soon after
leavin' her."
A GALVESTON school-teacher had a
great deal of trouble malting a boy un­
derstand his lesson. Finally, however,
he succeeded, and, drawing along breath,
he remarked to the boy, "If it wasn't
for me you'd be the greatest donkey on
Galveston island."
A GRAY hair was espied among tho
raven locks of a charming young lady.
Oh, pray pull it out!" she exclaimed.
If I pull it out ten more will come to
the funeral," raplied the one who made
the unwelcome discovery. Pluck it
out, nevertheless," said the dark-haired
damsel it's no consequence how many
come to the funeral, provided they all
come in black."
WHAT he was quick at—A clerk was
discharged, and asked tho reason. "You
are so awful slow about everything,"
said his employer. You do me an in­
justice," responded the clerk. There
is one thing I am jot slow about." I
should like to hear you name it," sneered
the employer. Well," said the clerk,
slowly, nobody can get tired as quick
Patience Greater Than Job's.
I suppose Job's patience was wonder­
ful for a man but it was nothing to
that of women. What, would Job have
done had he been compelled to sit in
the house and sew, and knit, and nurse
the children, and see that hundreds of
different things were attended to during
the day, and hear children cry, and fret,
and complain Or how would he, have
stood it if, like some poor woman, ha
had been obliged to rear a family of ton
or twelve children without any help,
spending months, years—all the prime of
life—in washing, scouring, scrubbing,
mending, cooking, and nursing children
fastened to the house and his offspring
from morning till night, arid from night
till morning sick or well, in storm or
sunshine, Ms nights often rendered mis­
erable by watching over liis cliildren?
How could he have stood all this, and in
addition to all other troubles the curses
and even violence of a drunken com­
panion? He would soon have tired of
unrewarded labor and undeserved blame.
For, after all, though Job endured his
boils and losses very well for a short
timo, they did not endure long enough
to teat the strength of his patience.
Woman tests her patience by a whole
life of trials, and she does not grumble
at her burdens. We are honestly of the
opinion that woman has more patience
than Job and instead of saying, "The
patience of Job," we should say, The
'patience of woman."—Exchange.
Musical Jealousy.
A singular incident in natural history
occurred lately at Chester, England. A
thrush, in a happy state of freedom, was
trilling its notes" in the orchard below
the walls, near the "wishing steps,"
when its music excited similar efforts
from a caged bird of the same species,
which was suspended in front of the ad­
jacent houses. These feathered song­
sters persevered in raising their melo­
dies to higher and higher efforts, as if in
earnest rivalry, when suddenly the bird
among the trees darted from its perch
upon the wicker cage of its competitor,
broke the bars, entered it, and corii
menced an assault upon the musical
captive—the owner of which, hearing
the unusual noise, came out, took the
aggressor prisoner, and sold it into
bondage. The ill-tempered thrush had
therefore paid the penalty of sacrificing
its freedom to its jealousy. This anec­
dote is a fact, and hot written, as it
might seem to be, for the purpose of
pointing a moral against musical jeal­
ousies among human vocalists.—Dum­
fries Herald.
His Parents
A little 4-year-old shaver in Troy, N
Y., made an informal call upon a newly
arrived neighbor, as some children are
wont to do. He was graciously received
by lady of the house, who*, after-^
learning his name and place of residence*^
inquired, "What does
papa do?"
He don't do nothin'," responded young
hopeful. '1 What does your motiier do
the lady. "She liriks me
-was the suggestive reply.

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