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JO™*- flATO STEWART—Attorney. HE PORTER, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. u. S. Examining Physician. •Office, 37 Main st Next to Tribnne Block. DANK OP BISMARCK. 15 J. W. RAYMOND, President W. B. BELL, Cashier. A general J) banking business transacted. Interest allowed on time deposits. Collections promptly at tended to. TOB8T NATIONAL BANK. .. WALTER MAks, Preddent GEO. H. FAIBCHUJD, Cashier. Correspondents—American Exchange National jjew York Merchants National Bank, 8t PauL TTT-M. A. BBNTLEY, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Calls left on .the slate in the office will receive prompt attention.^ ^$ TOMER N. COREY, & U. S. COMMISSIONER, •Judge of Probate and Clerk of District Court. Office one door below Tribnne Block. GEO. W. SWEET. no. Lands located, bought and sold. Conveyancing and abstracts of title to all lands and town property in Burleigh county furnished. We have the only complete set of abstracts in the county. Contested land claims before tne local and general land offices made a specialty. HOTELS. SHERIDAN HOUSE, E. H. BLY. Proprietor. TOE LABGE8T AMD Best Hotel in Dakota Territory Cor. Main and Fifth Sts., BISMARCK, D. T. OUSTER HOTEL, THOMAS McGOWAN, PBOPBIETOB, 1 Fifth Street near Main, I BISMARCK, D. T. TJhis house is a liree three story building, entirely letfc, well lighted apd heated, situated only a few •rodsSfrom the depot. River men, railroad men, miners and army people will find first-class accom odations at reasonable rates. JL B. MARSH J. D. WAKEMAN. MSRCHANTS HOTEL, Cor. Main and Third Sts., 0 BCSMAKCK, D. T„ MARSH & WAKEMAN, PROPRIETORS. Building new and commodious, rooms large, com fortable and tastily furnished. First-class in every particular. Bills reasonable. J. G. MALLOY P. F. MALLOT. WESTERN HOUSE, MALLOY BROS., Proprietors. EXCELLENT AcGommoQatiens at Reasonable Hates. ALSO AGENTS OF THE Ounard Line of Steamers. Passage tickets from New York and Boston to all seaports in Europe and Great Britain. LIVERY STABLE. OSTLAND'S LiTery & Feed Stable, Cor. Fifth and Main Sts. Buggies and Saddle-Horaes for hire by the day or hour at reasonable rates. My Buggies and Harness are new, and of the best manufacture and style, and our stock good. Parties wishing teams for any given point can be accommodated at fair rates. My stable is large aud airy, and accommodations for boarding stock the best in the country. O. H. BE AL, DEALER IN FIRE MIS, AIUMON, Fishing Tackle, Etc. Sharp's. & Winchester Bifles .A. SI»BCI-AXiT",5r- Particular attention given to repairing. Orders by mail promptly filled. Main St., Biamarok, D. T. WALL PAPER, ETC. CLIFF BROS., WALL PAPER —AND— 3ST0TI03STS, Pits, Oils, Glass, Glm, MJ Tarnish Brushes, Etc, Mixed Paints Always on Hand. BISMARCK, D. T. I Outfit sent free to those who -wish to engage in 'L the most pleasant and profitable business .Lll known. Everything new. Capital not required. (Ill We will furnish you everything. $10 a day and upwards is easily made without staying away from home over night. No risk whatever Many nejf workers wanted at once. Many are making fortunes at the business Xadies make as much as men, and young boys and girls make great pay. No one who is willing to work Mis to make more money every day thin can be made1 in a week at any ordinary employ ment. Thosft who engage at once will find a short |osd fwtpne. Address H. HALLEXX & Co., Port- jig yogrth OTOTBU^-Att^tw^ niuH Cw ToOTlt TOHN E. CARLAND—Attorney. 1 (City Attorney.) 64 Main Street. FLUimsM WBTHERBY—Atto™Tt.^eeL OEO. V. FUNNEBI 1. K. WBIRIATCT. 1 T. BIGELOW, D. D. 8. DENTAL BOOMS* 12 W. Main Street LABXIN—Importer* and dealers in Crockery, French China. Olaatware, Lamps, Looking CHUH*, and Hoat^Fbrniihing Goods. Third street, St. BrnL P~ EBKIN8 «fe LYONS -Importers and dealer* fa Fine Wiiies and Lienors, Old Bourbon and Bye Whiskies,. California Wines and Brandies, Scotch Ale, Dublin and LondoiLPorter. No. 31 Bobert 8treet, Pt PauL p. MINNEAPOLIS CARPS. VIBRCHANTS HOTEL—Corner of Third street .U and First avenue North. $2 per day, located in the very center of business, two blocks from the post office and suspension bridge. Street cars to all depots and all parts of the city pass within one block of the house. J. LAMONT, Prop. JOHN 0. OSWALD, Whole«ale Dealer in lints, Litis mil Clprs. 17 Washington Ave., Minn. ,, ,. CLOTHING. HA1QES, GOOD & SCHDBME1ES, THE LAKGEST TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT In the Northwest. Importers and Jobbers of Fine A. SO TELL. OWEET «FE SOYELL, REAL ESTATE AGENTS, No. UN.Fourth st.,Bismarck, D. Woolens & T. Trimmings, 82 Jackson St.* St Paul, Minn. THE SILENT SOLDIER AT SHILOH* The Question of His Sobriety on That Mo mentous Occasion Again Under Discussion —The Story of Fighting Lew Wallace. In a leading editorial, the Cincinnati Gazette says: War history ought by this time to be ris ing above the fiction of the time but here is a serious newspaper inquiry into the question whether Gen. Grant was drunk at Fort Don elson and Shiloh. The editor of the Omaha Tribune and Republican has written to Gea Lew Wallace to inqnire, and Wallace has an swered with particularity: First—He rejoined Grant at Fort Donelson, from Fort Henry, February 14, at noon, and went to his head quarters, where were crackers, coffee, and cigars, bat no liquors. Grant then and there wrote an order constituting the Third division and assigning Wallace to the command. "The guns were pounding away when he wrote. A drunken man could not have done it The di vision was organized as it inarched past on the road. Then Gen. Grant rode with me to desig nate my position in the center. He showed not a sign of intoxication." So much for that day. Then for the next day: Next day about noon, while the First division was being assembled and reorganized, Gen. Grant cam* where Gen. McClernand and I were, and, after hearing an explanation of the misfortunes of the night, he ordered the lost position to bo re taken. History tells what ensued. The inter view lasted about twenty minutes. I remem ber Gen. Grant's acpcarance and manner well, for the moment was of great interest—in fact, it was the crisis of the battle. He was mounted, and held a telegram just received. He heard the story calmly and vnthout interruption then he flushed up, and. crushing the dispatch, ordered the assault Tne flushing of the face was not from liquor—it was the visible emo tion natural to man in a position of vast re sponsibility resolving suddenly upon a de cisive action. And to show what a grip Grant had to keep on his will at that moment, Gen. Wallace continues, and gives this new contribu tion to the history of that affair: The draft upon his will can be appreciated by his ene mies even, when they are told that the tele gram he gripped so h'ard was from Gen. Hal leck, directing him to retire, throw up de fensive works, and wait for reinforcements. Had he, failing the inspiration of his own genius, obeyed that order, Donelson would have been to our arms the empty success that Corinth was a little later. He was perfectly sober throughout the interview, and left us to direct a simultaneous assault by Gen. C. F. Smith. Gen. Wallace certifies also that he saw GBANT SOBER AFTER THE SURRENDER. that in the Shiloh affair Grant stopped at Crump's Landing on his way up, perfectly sober that he saw him again on the field next morning in the gray of the dawn, perfectly sober, and again at 5 o'clock p. m., perfectly sober. Subsequently he was Grant's guest at City Point, and he does not believe that Grant touched liquor in all that time. Again, Grant was his guest in Baltimore, and although he invariably had wine at dinner, Grant invariably refused to drink it. Wallace's testimony is more than enough. It makes Grant out a tee totaler. The charge of drunkenness was a rough way at that time of explaning military sacrifices. Lincoln, after Grant's run of bad luck had changed by the capture of Yicksburg, mado this charge ridiculous by saying he would like to send each commander a barrel of the whisky Grant got drunk on. But Gen. Wallace leaves out the alleged time. It was the half day of battle in which the confederates massed against the right of Grant's army, and attacked at daybreak, doubled it back on the center, gained the roads out, and imperiled Grant's entire army. During all that forenoon Grant was on Commodore Foote's gunboat, and when McClernand called for help there was no commanding general that could be reached. Thij extraordinary absence was that which gave rise to the explanation that Grant was drunk on a gunboat Wallace says Grant reached the field where he and McCler nand were at noon. Babeau 'says that Grant went aboard Com. Foote's fiagship"befoie day light," having been sent for by Foote, who. was wounded and could not go ashore, and who wanted to tell him that ho would have to go to Cairo for repair, and that he was "returning to his headquarters from the flagBhip about 9 o'clock, when he met an aide de camp gallop ing up to inform him of the assault" The as sault nad begun at daybreak. Greeley's history say Grant came on the field at about 3 p.m. The circumstance that Gen. C. F. Smith's as sault and entry into the works was so late that Ms progress was stopped by darkness, makes this the most probable time. The flashing of Grant's face, which Gen. Wallace tells of, when he found that a furious battle had raged all the forenoon, and that his entiro right wing had been broken and driven back, losing guns and prisoners, while he was away, may nave been consciousness of neglect and of responsibility for the sacrifice of 2,000 of brave men as well as of resolve. But Gen. Wallace, in asserting that Halleck advised Grant to fall back and intrench, and that Grant proved his teetotal soberness by staying, in troduces a new version of history. Tramplanting. From the New England Farmer. There is scarcely any operation in gar dening where there is so mach opportunity for the exercise of skill and good judgment as in transplanting. The skillful gardener wiU move his plants so that they will hardly receive any check in their growth, while the careless removal of plants or the„ choice of too dry weather, with subsequent neg lect, occasions the loss of many thousands of plants every year, and much disappoint ment. In order to bear transplanting well, the plant should be in thrifty, growing con dition, but not by any means "drawn" or "long-legged," as gardeners are wont to call such plants as have suffered from crowding or too rapid forcing under glass they should be grown in sandy loom, which favors fibrous growth of roots, and should be well watered a few hours before moving, so as to have the roots moist when moved. Then care should be taken to have the loam in which the plants are planted. moist enough and warm' enough to favor rapid'" growth and if possible, they should be shaded from the sun and wind for a few days after transplanting, if the sun is hot. fv Dakota'S DESpLATidir.. tuffuuxo noi THI xiiii noon. PDEBBX, D. T. May 9 —I have leen nothing here to change-my. formerly expressed convic tion that the bulk of the suffering from, tl^e flood is confined to the tenitory between Tank ton and Elk "Point There are three causes for tiit« apparent immunity—the conformation of the country, the freedom from ice gorges and the more sparsely settled condition of the ri parian sections above Yankton.- There are -no such huge bottoms that in which ill-fated Meekling stood, though there are, of course, plenty of lands exposed to overflow. Higher bluffs and more of them predominate, and almost all the towns, 1 Springfield for example, are' completely.removed from every fear of danger from any deluge the Missouri could pour down. The ice does not appear to have gorged^ either, so extensively, and where it did the lands overflowed were not of especial value or at all thickly settled. Not only are settlers scarcer than below, but they do not, except in special instances, seem of as a good a clat• nor nearly as well to do. This remark does not at all apply to Springfield, which is regarded as one of Dakota's banner towns in point of INTELLIGENCE, CULTURE AND WEALTH. The farm houses are small, most of them built of logs or slabs, and of outbuildings there is a decided partiality noticeable. I have given the brighter side of the picture, but do not imagine there is not a very much darker one. The losses by flood only seem small by comparison, and are bad enough even with all the favorable conditions mentioned. Those parts of Green Island and Franklin Bottoms situated above Yankton suffered necessarily as badly as the rest of the same territory, of which I have already telegraphed at length. Further up the river we reach Bon Homme island, the property principally of Dr. Burleigh, of Yankton. The island is of a good many hundred acres area, and had many dwellings. The water ewept over it as if it were the merest islet, and not only denuded it of houses and barns, but left a deposit of sand fully five feet in thickness, and utterly ruieed one of the finest growths of timber along the river. Mr. Kountz, a well-known steamboat pilot, and a son of Commodore Kountz, the noted boat owner and contractor, was living on the island with his family. His farm HAPPENED TO BE THE HIGHEST there was, and fortunately for the lives of all about ten feet square of it remained uncovered by floods. On this meagre piece the family spent three dayB and nights, until finally res cued by boats from the Dakota side of the river. A family named Bates, consisting of a man, woman and two children, left their heuse with the avowed purpose of reaching the Ne braska shore in a small skiff. Mr. Lee, a rela tive of Mrs. Bates, told me that the quar tet had never, been heard of since the night of their flight, and he very much feared that all had perished. So many marvel ous escapes had been reported, however, that be bad not given up hope, notwithstanding the great lapse of time. This same Lee had to leave his house from a second story window in a small dugout, the water rising much more rapidly than he ever thought possible. In almost all cases, however, the river—more considerate than below—gave ample warning, so that a large proportion of the stock was driven to the hills and saved. THE TOWN OF BON HOMME, on the east bank of the river is to.o high ever to have been in danger, and the Russian set tlement near by, though partly overflowed, was damaged but little. I saw one sawmill which the ice had completely demolished, but had left the timbers and machinery in close proximity to their former resting place. Those of the inhabitants with whom I have an oppor tunity of conversing at the various landings the ateamer has made to land supplies, of which she had quite a quantity on board, have proven very uncommunicative and /seemed suspicious and sullen. One cannot help pitying them all, how ever, for the winter has been a terribly trying and severe one. Cut off by deep snow or swollen streams, both earlier and later in the season than ever before, from all commerce with the outer world, many if not all have been reduced to such straits for food that the flood could find but little saye their dwellings to de stroy, and so glad were the sufferers to see the huge snow-drifts and fields melt away and the icy fetters disappear from the river that they RECKED IJITTLE OF THE MISCHANCES the vanishing vexation brought with them. Bemember, I am speaking now of the dwellers in the low lands along the Missouri proper, not of the hardy and prosperous settlers of the upper bench and highlands further back, who have done much and will do more to relieve their confreres. Nowhere, however, were vis ible such signs of rapid destruction as raged in the country further south. How it may be further up the Missouri I cannot say, but be lieve it may be safely asserted that except at East and West Pierre, and leaving out a large amount of cordwood destroyed, the damage has not been very much greater in this section than is consequent upon the breaking up of the river after every winter of usual severity. In many places on higher ground I saw farmers seeding. The ground, even the bottoms, now that the water has run off, is rapidly drying, and will soon be ready for the plow and the drag. The deposit has not been heavier than usual, while the chan nel of the river remains as it was, save the slight cuts which are as certain on the Missouri as any natural sequence. Where prairie fires have passed the grass is already TINTING THE GROUND WITH GREEN and willow and Cottonwood will in a few days be in the fun glory of their vernal dress— since of moisture there is no lack, and the hot sun is rapidly warming the soil into vigor. Two months from now the damages done by the floods in the country on the east side of the Missouri from Springfield north to Fort Hall will be largely effaced, and the suffering as fully relieved as it can be with a decided moiety of the suf ferers tending towards pauperism. On the west bank, so far as the Missouri valley is con cerned, the same state of affairs mav be said to exist On our arrival at Fort ftandall we found a repetition of woeful talcs rife, while the early settlement opposite did not suffer very heavily, and those who needed food were immediately supplied from the fort, as were the sufferers on Peace island, a little way up the river. The Ponca, a somewhat consider able stream flowing into the Missouri about eighteen miles below Bandall, has AGREEABLY DISAPPOINTED those who know its characteristics, and gone out quietly, with slight infliction of loss. The Niobrara, or Running Water, also behaved very respectably though, as it is a large stream, draining many hundred square miles of terri tory, the aggregate of damage done is far from slight The tales of dire want on the part of the entire community come from the Keyapaca Sioux or Turtle Hill, emptying into the Nio brara fully sixtv miles from the month, the course of the influent being a little north of east. Keyapaca, a town at the junction of the two streams, is distant across the country from Fort Bandall about thirty-five miles, and yet supplies have been sent by Col. Andrews of the Twenty-fifth infantry, commanding at the post named, for more than 2,000 people. Full rations to the above amount in everything ex cept sugar have been sent to Keyapaca for ton days, under charge of Capt Quimby of the Twenty-fifth infantry, and it is estimated that fully aa great a number of rations will be needed for sixty days and as THE DRAIN ON THE RESOURCES of the people has been very considerable^ ad ditional supplies will have to be forwarded ftonf&e!4§Pofs can be readily done-.-. At Peace island Col. An drews issued'300 rations. The difficulties in reaching the sufferers on 'the^£ey%paca can scarcely be exaggerated, as the whole country ing haa feen more or less overflowed, and the wagona sunk to their hube in clay mud. Their qoad^idtf wM. not eonaeqnfnt on flu floods, tnougn tney of course Aided evile. The unprecedented severity of -'the 'winter, with resultant loss Of Is took and utter isolation from the basia of supply, had far more tp. do with the lamentable state of affairs than'swol len streams or1gorging ice. The people were reduced., to* the consumption of their aeeds, even thft'aOrghum seed not escaping.- The few accounts which reached Bandall represent a condition of absolute want and close approx imation to starvation truly pitiable and lament able. The poor fellows who reached the sup ply trains after a bitter struggle through the SWOLLEN STREAMS AND DEEP SNOW snatched the portions allotted them, scarcely tarrying, to thank, the pitying officer who issued them, and rushed .off to where their wives and children were waiting for the long craved sup plies this, too, in a region formerly fertile and favored, from which last summer famine seemed as far removed as from any eastern valley or plateau. There are those who say the estimate of the number is too high that there are not so many settlers in the Keyapaca val ley, and that the maximum would not reach 2,000 men, women and children. They may be right, though the United States officers, being disinterested and officially trained to accuracy, are apt to come very close on a question of figures for governmental information. Grant ing that the number is too great, the degree of suffering no one disputes, nor the need for in stant aid and comfort Capt Dayne, finding that bacon and other staple supplies were run ning short in the Bandall commissary depart ment, advised sending a courier to the nearest telegraph office with information as to the state of affairs ana a requisition tor needed articles of food. His recommendation will doubtless be adopted land speedily attended to, and THE WANTS OF THE SUFFERERS secured. As far as I learn from th6 neces sarily imperfect data procured, the Keyapaca sufferers do not need as much aid from thte nation at large as their fellows of the Missouri bottoms. The floods damaged property some, of course but not to the extent elsewhere en dured and with the return of spring and th» disappearance of the long-incumbering snow, farmers can get to seeding with hopes of a crop in due season. But, as stated, they have eaten the seeds in their extrem ity, and this want should at once be suDplied by national charity. Donations of clothing would not be amiss in many instances. Corn, wheat, oats and vegetable seeds for speedy planting are needed by these people. One feature of the floods between Yankton and Vermillion must prove serious, and that is the effect on the health of the communities when the water eventually goes off and the hot sun beats down with the power equal to that felt in regions far to the southward. It is feared the stench from the thousands of drowned cattle, hogs and horses, will be so overpower ing as to render otherwise habitable localities PLAGUE-STRICKEN AND ABANDONED. Malarial fever must of necessity abound, and the hardships of the last four weeks have not been the best preparation 'or resistance to insidious disease. Medicines, therefore, more especially quinine, could be donated with profit So also could lumber for building, as the ice and water carried off much of the ma terial which the householder can now but ill afford to replace. Shelter of some sort he must have ere another winter comes with its rigors. I mako these suggestions, as many may be both able and willing to make donations of specific articles who would be un able to give equivalents in cash subscriptions. -A- Yankton agency, Jand about high and dry on one of the small river bottoms, seemingly little damaged, but fully three-quar ters of a mile from the river, so that it is some what problematic whether she can bo launched before next high water or not The Meade was loaded last fall with stores for Rosebud agency, and was frozen in at the head of Peace island before the break up. She was deserted by all but a lad, who stuck to her through all the vicissitudes of the flood, and is still on board. Nearly all of her cargo waB found in fair condition, and much o, it has been already taken out and hauled to the river bank for reshipment PIERRE. The actual state of affairs at Pierre being involved in doubt in tho East, as it is on the Missouri river, it will not be out of place to have a reliable report West Pierre, the site of the old fur-trading Eouses OBt, is completely destroyed and its ware carried away. Northward from Fort Hale to within thirty miles of Pierre the primitive frontier is traversed and tho boat is often for hours out of sight of house, ranche or cabin. The catalogue of damages is the chief one, and no extensive losses of any other property than cattle are reported. There are, of course, here and there, a few acres of tillable and rolling bench land, but the majority of the country, as seen from the deck is characterized bv a sterile look. High, bare bluffs, with cleft coolies filled with cedar trees abound, and tim ber is none too plenty. Back of the bluffs and out of sight from tho river the lands are as good as elsewhere, and largely settled upoa, though with nothing like the density of population re marked below. From proprietors of wood yards along the banks I learned that the suffering this winter has been unprecedented, and people have been reduced to the direst straits for food. One of the prettiest locations along the whole stream is a little town named CHAMBERLAIN, located near the month of American creek on the east bank. The inhabitants of the town have been so completely cut off from the out side world this winter, by the deep snows, that they have suffered many serious privations, while the farmers round -about have endured hunger, cold and want They have eaten everything eatable. The reiterated report of consumed seeds is again met with. No one seeing the people would for a moment doubt the veracity of their statements. They are 'haggard with long drawn out anxiety and gaunt with unsatisfied appetite. Applica tions for assistance were made by some of the settlers near Fort Hale at that post, but be yond temporary relief, Lieut Blunt, command ing, had not till very lately authority#to grant the requests made. The losses of cattle to which I referred above, though not enormous in the aggregate, are quite serious when the large percentage of deaths is observed. Messrs. Reid, Boseau and Walworth are the three heaviest cattle owners and raisers. Of 3,000 heard alive last fall, it is doubtful whether 500 remain. WALWORTH'S LOS8 is by far the greatest, as he owned fully 2,000 head. The poor beasts litterly starved to death. The herders cut off the tops of trees, hoping the tender bark and shoots would af ford sustenance,, but the quantity was too small or the quality innutritions, as the hope proved fallacious. Near the bank at which our small or the boat lay Sunday night was a corral in which were 300 carcasses of steers, and the air was so tainted with the oder of decaying flesh thatit was impossible to Btay outside of the cabin in comfort It is appalling to think of the sick ness the putrifying bodies in the bottoms will breed, and there seems no way of escape or prevention open. Many of the poor brutes which managed to live throtfgh the winter and escape the floods have perished in the quick sands along the shores of streams and of the the main river. Devoured with thirst, they made straight for the water only to becomo helplessly mired in the treacherous fooling, their struggles serving to sink them deeper, and thus die horribly and liugeringly. I have seen from the deck of the Helena, quite a num ber of cases of this latter mode of destruction. Dakota News Items. The Eed Eiver Presbytery met at Grand Forks on. the "28th. The committee on church education reported a grant made to the church of Jamestown of $1,000, and the church at Euclid of $6,000. The report on home missions and supplies showed gratify ing progress. Commissioners to the gen eral assembly to meet at Buffalo were elecc ed as follows: N. 0. Stevens and H. J. Howe, M. D., of Casselton. The fall meet ing of the Presbytery will meet in Fargo in October. Wahpeton, Richland county seat, voted $15,000 bonds for a court house.,. All along the Northern Pacific from Fargo to Mandan, the reports are highly .favorable JEor wheat. An effort has been made by Mr. Wash burn of Minnesota to have the act of March 3, giving settlers on government lands twelve months to establish residence. in stead of six, under oertam circiuinsfcancos made general for theNorthwest this season, on account.of the si^ow and water embargo on. travel. The commissioner was disposed to giant the' request, and laid the matter lately before the secretary of the interior. Mr. Kirkwood,- while wishing :to do all in his power to accommodate the settlers, felt obliged to role that the act did not admit of such a construction. The settlers, there fore, will not be given a. general permission to have twelve months to establish a resi dence, but each one under the act can go to the land office with proof that, for cli matic reasons, it was impossible to comply with the law, and he will be aUowfid .the extra time desired. Personal Paragraphs. A young lady of Madison, Wis., received many anonymous poems of an amorous and flattering character. She finally sub mitted them to an intimate friend, a married lady, who recognized the handwriting as her husband's. J. W. Simonton, on delivering his lecture on the Associated Press in San Francisco, had an instrument on the platform connect ed with a Washington circuit and the dis tance, 3,700 miles, was worked direct,—an almost unparalleled feat for a land circuit crossing a mountain range. Alexander III. has promoted to a captain cy the young lieutenant who wrapped his own mantle around the wounded Czar just after the explosion. It was in this mantle that the murdered man was taken to the Winter Palace. "I have bought you a new cloak, said the Czar to the soldier. "I shall keep the other." He has also given the youth a present of 1,200 rubles. Parnellis said to have become careless in djress and appearance during the present ses sion of parliament. His once fresh, famil iar morning suit of blown tweed is assum ing a sere and yellow look, and a great change has came upon him since he first entered the house of commons, when he kept two horses in town, and was seen every evening in the row. Several bright and enthusiastic young boys of Medina. N. Y., inspired by the dar ing deeds of Buffalo Bill, organized a com pany under the name of the Buffalo Bill Combination, and did their rehearsing in a barn only a short distance from a dwelling. At the third rehearsal they were trying to outdo Bill in his marksmanship and fired the contents of a pistol in a kitchen window, barely missing the servant girl. They were immediately arrested iand taken before 'Squire Allen, who disbanded the troupe. The spirit in which Mr. McCullough has departed to try his fortune on the London stage maybe inferred from the brief speech that he made at the farewell dinner that was given in his honor at Delmonico's: "If I succeed I shall be grateful, but not unduly elated. If I fail I shall not be soured by dissapointment. My hope is that I may. prove myself not altogether un worthy of the great kindness that has been shown toward me in America, and of the good will and good opinion that are so touch tngly expressed on this occasion. A dispatch from London to the New York Herald says: Mr. John McCullough made his first appearanoe to-night at Dru ry Lane in 'Virginius' with emphatic suc cess. The house was crowded in every part, and gallery and pit overflowing, while the boxes and stalls were filled with cjitics, prominent actors and actresess and of course nearly all the American colony of Londonjwitha contingentfrom Paris. fee, sMr. McCullough's reception was extremely cordial and the applause throughout was[frequently and at times enthusiastically. One of the most talked-about profession al beauties just now is Miss Florence St. John, who is playing "Olivette" at the Strand Theatre. Her portraits are every where, and she is the cynosure of all eyes when she appears in Begen street or on the Bow, attended, often, by the by, by a cer tain noble duke, who, on dit, is responsible for her costly toilets, which add a piquancy to her bewitching beauty.—London Letter. At the circus in Washington a correspond ent recently saw General Sherman, Ex Secretary Sherman, Sir Edward Thornton and family, Senators Don Cameron, M. C. Butler, Conkling, Vest, Walker, Beck and MoPherson, and nearly the whole ef the French, Chinese and Turkish legations. "The grandees," he says, "looked as happy as children laughed at the silly antics of the clown, and cheered the baby elephant's rotesque performance. General Fitzhugh who made such a beautiful mexbonal speech in Atlanta two years ago, came from away down in Virginia with all his children to see the show." It is now charged that General Badeau's removal was secured by General Sherman, who is mad at some things Badeau says in his "Life of Grant." A well known army officer says: "Sherman is one of the men who keep getting madder and madder, es pecially when his anger is seasoned, as in this instance, with enyy. Grant all the while has kept on saying hard things, which have dropped like chunks of lead into Sherman's heart. That life of Grant which Badeau is writing he hates as in some way a personal offense, an injury to himself. He is all the time correcting history, fight ing the war over again in spots wherever he figured in it, as recently at Pittsburg Land ing, as though he dreaded to have any his tory written except in his interest or from his standpoint. The terrible John Stetson gets even with Ann Dickison in a very quiet way. He says "Why she should be so 'down* on me I cannot imagine. Our relations were pleasant, so far as I know. The last time saw her in New York we had a bottle of •vine together, and parted apparently on the best of terms." Since 1827—half a century we may call it —ten of England's Prime Ministers have died. George Canning, Lord Bipon (for a few months), the Duke of Welling ton, Earl Grey, Lord Melbourne, Sir .Rob ert Peel, Earl Bussell, Lord Derby, Lord Palmerston, and now Lord Beacon sfield. Of these, the only one who accepted the visit of a clergyman in his closing hours was Lord Grey. The Duke of Wellington, to whom all the world was a drill, doubtless would have, as a matter of regimental duty, had he not been suddenly taken away, and Sir Bobert Peel may have a similar excuse out the others, though all loud declaimed about the church through their political lifp lid not avail themselves of its consolation. tits close. The following paragraph is goicg thi rounds of the press and ought to be stop ped: Miss Abigail B. Judson, sister of the famous missionary to Birmah, is still living, -at Plymouth, Mass., and passed her ninetieth birthday recently. She lives in the house in which her brother died, the front door of which has never been opened since his body was carried through ic, and Miss Jud'son has ordered tha*it shall not be opened again except to let her own funeral pass out." The simple fact3 of the case are: First that Dr. Judson did not die in that house second, that bis body was not carried through the door, and thircl, that he died at sea on the 13th of April, 1850, and was buried, latitude 13 north, longitude 93 east from Greenwich. The world moves, and. so does Petosi, Wis., usually a vfcry quiet'and sleepy village. But on- Thursday, the 28 inst., it was thrown into a terrible state of excitement by a traveling patent medicine man, by the name of Lanark, slipping into the house of Mr. Eyme and raising the devil with his (Lantak'«) irife, fcom whom he had Ifeta' pitted some three yean. When ordered •it by Mr. Kinne he grabbed his wife about the waist, and carried her to the street, -where, tripping her, he threw htr backwards on a rough Stone pavement, in juring her very badly, she all the time screaming at the top of her veice. The oitizens then took the matter in hand and (he gentleman escaped lynching by the the skin of his teeth. He was taken to the calaboose, and, singularly, allowed to quietly leave town Friday morning. BETTING ON DEATH. Extent of the Speculat:m In Inmnum Pol icies 1B Pennsylvania-^Whole Communities Engaged In the Disreputable Business— DISCBETION OF THE INSUBEB. *4 State Officers in the Meshes. The Philadelphia Press prints a six-column expose of the gambling in human lives aa car ried on in that State under the wild-cat insur ance system. It bhows that such bare-faced speculation never was known that it infests church and state, enters the school-room, reaches as low as the cradle and stalks boldly into the halls of justice that even the execu tive chair is paralized by its seductive attrac tions, and that the lawmaking power is really part and parcel of the evil itself. Careful investigation has developed the fact that there are 16o companies in that State actually en gaged in the business. In addition to the old line life insurance companies there are only eight that are entirely free from the speculative taint—namely, tho Fidelity Mutual Aid associa tion of Philadelphia, the Mutual Benefit com pany of Philadelphia, the New Era Life association of Philadelphia, the Temperance Mutual Benefit association and the Odd Fol lows' Mutual Life Insurance company of Mont rose, the Lake Shore Masonic Relief assciation of Erie, the Central Mutual Aid association of Lockhaven, and the Equitable Mutual Aid association of Glen Bock. The last two were organized within the last year. There are also three companies that profess to be a legitimate business—namely, the U. B. Mutual Aid socie ty of Lebanon, tne Home Mutual Life associa tion of Lebanon, and the Keystone Mutual Benefit association of Allentown,—but these companies allow their policies after issue to be transferred to persons who have no insurable interest in the person insured, which is no legitimate and amounts to speculation. It is proven that in Snyder county alone 1,000 persons have either neglected or abandoned their former vocations, and are now engaged in the speculative TBAFFIC IN HUMAN LIVES. most of them as agents of companies, others as officers, (there being eighteen companies in the county), and the balance as speculators— that is, buying and selling policies. The re sult is hundreds of families, through their ef forts to keep up their assessments on such policies, have been reduced to penury. Many of them dnring the past winter were unable to send their children to school for want of clothes. They are also unable to pay the mer chants, who are compelled in many instances to lose accounts or take speculative policies and risk paying the assessments and recovering in surance to indemnify them for the moneys due them bv this class of persons. A great many of thes'e speculative subjects persist in living, and in consequence the merchants upon whom policies have been imposed are in financial dis tress. Mon holding public office and trusted Ey ositions are getting themselves into trouble speculating beyond their means, and in their desperation using the public funds. The sheriff of an interior county is said to be in financial trouble, as he is carrying upward of $100,000 on the aged and decrepit, and it is alleged that to enable him to carry this enor mous sum of' insurance he has made an inroad on the public funds to the extent of $8,000. This officer is very much worried about the uncomfortable position in which it has placed him, and the Btate of his mind may be inferred from his own language, the purport of which is: ''The beggars don't die fast enough." The same state of affairs is shown to exist is sev eral other counties—namely: Berlin, Schuyl kill, Lebanon, Perry, Lancaster, York, and Philadelphia. In York county a poor man, Louis Strayer, has risen to be worth over S10, 000, made almost wholly by having policies issued on the lives of persons in questionable health and afterward transferred to himself. In Philadelphia a representative of a half doz en speculative compauies has been .found who boasted of having written $35,000 in three days, who offered to insure a man's diseased and dying uncle, aged eighty-eight, to the amount of $25,000, $5,000 to be placed in the following companies: Commonwealth, State Capital, Local of Harrisburg, Augusta of Sunburg, and $5,000 to be left to the Be guaranteed that there would be no risk in it that he would bring his own physician, who would make the examination "right." and then he sold a policy to the reporter for $11 on one Mary Walker for $1,000, the woman being a consumptive and not likely to laBt more than a month. Similar cases are mentioned from the other counties named above. Among the in teresting incidents is that of a doctor insuring a patient under his charge, and an undertaker a man whom he had been called to take a meas ure for a coffin. A son in one instance in insures his dead father, and six instances have been brought to light where the insured have been murdered by those holding assignments of their policies. Some of these offenders have been brought to justice, but the so-called in surance companies are not interested in prose cuting them, though called to pay the policies that have been dyed deep with fraud and crime. The managers have no funds at their disposal until the death or murder of an insured person causes an assessment, and in the 25 or 50 per cent of the policy retained by them consists their profits. The policy holders who pay the assessments are, of course, the losers, but as they, one and alf, are expected to profit in turn by much the same methods, tney pay the assessments for a while, and in due time the company breaks up and the gamblers in human life, unsuccessful in one_ com pany, are usually quite ready to try their luck in another. Evidence is adduced showing that one of the companies—the Commonwealth— has for its officers State Printer Hart and Edward Herricks, chief clerk in the auditor general's office, and that by permission it refers to Henrv M. Hoyt, governor of the State Hon. Wm. P' Schell, the auditor general Hon. Samuel Butler, the State treasurer, and Hon. Wm. A. Wallace, ex-United States senator, the indorsement running as follows: "That it may be understood that the directory of this asso ciation will in good faith carry into effect all they promise, tney have but to point to the names of the distinguished gentlemen to whom they have permission to refer." It is also demonstrated that there are syndicates of the State legislature formed in Harrisburg for the purpose of issuing policies upon the lives of diseased and dying old people,,with a view of profit thereby. There is an old man living near Siegersville, Lehigh county, named Heffer finger, seventy years of age, a worn-out man. Representatives Sieger of Lehigh, HigginB and Schliecher of Schuylkill have ordered a policy on him. They have already paid $50 for other cases, Schliecher drawing the check. Other members are doing the same, but their names are for the present withheld. Think Before You Spend Money. Do you really need the article? It is probably a pretty article in dress, in furni ture but what solid benefit will it be to you. Or is it some luxury for the table, that you can as well do without? Think therefore, before you spend your money. Or you need anew carpet, a new bedstead, or a dress, you are tempted to buy something a little handsomer than you had intended, and while you are hesitating, the dealer says to you, "It's only a trifle more, and you see how for prettier it is." But befpre you purchase, stop to think. Will you be better a year hence, much better in old age, for having squandered your money? Is it not wiser to "lav up something for a rainy day?" All these luxuries gratify you only for the moment you soon tire of them, and their only permanent effect is to con sume your means. It is by such little ex travagances, not much separately, but ruin ous in the aggregate, that the great major ity of families are kept comparatively poor. The first lesson to lenm*is to deny vourseii useless expenses and the first step ^waia learning this lesson is to think before jo spend. si'