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iJI IB1 ST 11 lJl I if"! 1111 I 1 till
r So Prof. Dykerna Declares as He Deplores the Rhythmic Attack on Morals and Health, and Likens the Trap- Drummer to a Voo doo Worshipper. Even aProfound Egotist Miglt Hesitate to Blow His Own if He Owned Tins Prize Horn. Takes Three Men Toot It, in Fact. A Night Scene at Starlight Swimming Pool, New York City, Where the "Wild Waves" Arc Wild Jazz Waves and the Dancers Pretty Hard to Tame. . THE trap-drummer in a jazz orchestra, bang ing cymbals with one hand, flourishing a rattle with the other, and tooting a foghorn with his lips, is just as savage as an Afriqgn voodoo worshipper. And the people who delight in these explosions of sound are no better. The jazz drummer is shattering the nerves of his auditors more than he is their morals, and his auditors are tamely submitting to the disintegration. Such, nt least, is the opinion of the National Rccreation Congress, which, meeting recently in Atlantic City, adopted resolutions condemning jazz as it is played today ,and urging the Ameri can people to stop jazz "stunts" more for physi cal and spiritual than for moral "reasons. "As a nation we are consuming an unpalata ble and decidedly unbalanced musical ration," Prof. Peter W. Dykcma of the University of Wisconsin, told the Recreation Congress. "Wo are musically undernourished. 'America needs good music as badlv as Austria needs good food." Prof. Dyke ma's speech startled the Congress, for he is considered one of America's foremost authorities on music. In suggesting a crusade against cowbefl3, horns, rattles and pistol shots, Prof. Dykcma did not condemn jazz in toto. "Jazz music has a comparatively new rhyth mic arrangement of tones," he said. "It has a piquancy and verve and stimulating quality which form a real contribution to music- The objections to it are in tjio way it is used. It is so atrociously presented with drums, gongs, cowbells, rattles, raucous whistles and other nerve-wracking devices that the musical element is almost obliterated. . . . We need not listen. We need not think. AH we do is press the but ton and the noise will do the rest." And now to provide more power for ncrvc shattcring, manufacturers are being called on for bigger and bigger musical instruments violins twice the height of a girl and horns that take three men to handle. Prof. Dyicema's attack on jazz "stunts" as nervc-wrackers comes almost simultaneously with another volley at jazz from a distinguished New York jurist, who sees in it an insidious iniluenco on American morals. "Jazz has worked its way into the life of our city and given its inhabitants a misconception of the purpose of life and the sanctity of marriage vows," declared Judge Alexander Brpugh, of the Probation court of New York, in a recent inter view. "It has put inn the populace a nervous desire always to be doing something in a hurry. That3 why hundreds of couples marry in haste and repent the rest of their lives." Where the Kecreation Congress seeks to curb jazz because of its jangle on the nerves, where Judge Brough depicts jazz as partly responsible for the.- divorce evil, other authorities are diseoverinc that good music can be used Here Is the Foo Foo Band of the Ocean Greyhound Celtic Trying to Live Up to Prof, Dykema's Comparison to African Voodoo Worshippers. by man to cure his physical ills, to make his labors more efficient, to enhance his skill in art, and to rear a healthier, bronder gunt;ed, nobler gen eration of his chil dren, m- Music is being used in insane asylums to restore reason to maniacs. Music is being used jn great manufac turing plants to in crease production by employes. Con certs are being given more fre quently in peniten tiaries with a view io moulding good citizens out of yeggmen. Public schools arc map ping out musical curricula, not bo much to teach pupils to sing, but to teach them to think. Music, in short, is aboutf to be har nessed to man's many purposes just as he harnessed electricity and firo and waiter. Of course, the discovery of the influence of m'usic in other than esthetic realms is not a new oneL Since the days of Alexander the Greal gen erals havcTcnown-that singing armies fought bet ter than silent armies. Every evangelist from Wesley to Billy Sunday has depended on music to awaken the religious emotions of his audience. 3iusic has driven some men to murder and some men to martyrdom. But not until recent years and, in fact, till recent months have medical men, business oiri ciency experts, social workers, executives of every class begun to employ music systematically as a force as powerful, in its way, as steam pr steel. The movies were among the first to discover its possibilities. When the violins played Mas senet's "Elegic," the leading lady could sob much better than when the strings were stilled. When the band struck up a merry march, the comedians could make funnier faces than if tho band was M tb, mW MW WllMUM HI MMiM IHI I IIMM ill I I II III II IW The Biggest Violin in the World 1 1 Feet 7 Inches Tnll, 4 Feet 7 Inches Wide, 13 Inches Deep, 150 Pounds Weight; Strings the Thick ness of a Man's Finger and 7 Fset 10 Inches Long; Bridge 12 Inches High, and a Bow 39 Inches. Habitat New York City. pntron can be "played" into getting a shampoo, a mas sage and a manicuro where he would depart nf tor a shavo only under less soothing con ditions. ' Tho United States I'cni tentiary In Atlanta not only has regu lar concerts for its inmates, but en conragfs them to bo musicians them selves. There is a band and a glee club. Thpro is also a daily "music hour," ' when for CO minutes every prisoner in tho "pen" can play on an instrument of his own choosing. The effect to tho visitor in bedlam, nut oiriciais say the men are made more contented and, in some in stances, have left the prison, after steady musi cal diet, with good resolutions they attributo direct ly to the musical Influence. Moissaye Hogusiawm, n young profo-'sof n piano. In the Chicago Musical College, demonstrated to tho Ameri can medical world what con crete things music can do for the feeble-minded. Noting in hi.-i work the jiround influence of music on normal minds, he concluded that it would have a like influence on diseased tlculnr derangement. There la no telling, how ever, to whaHype of music a mind will respond and it'la only by experiment and close observation of tho patient luring tho playing that tho par ticular picco which will open tho door of his memory is hit upon. "One of my eases," ho said, "was an Ttnllan woman putfent who had become insane and do- , aerted her baby at birth. Tho hospital, author!-' ties could do nothing with her, nnd she spent her days crouching in a corner of tho ward. I played to her everything 1 could think of without pro ducing any noticeable result. Suddenly It oc curred to me to try tho 'Miserere' from 'II TrAva tore.' The effect on the woman iyas instantane ous; sho burst into tears and a short wtillo after ward began to ask coherent questions about hor baby and her husband' On being questioned a3 to the melody that moved her bo much, she said she could remember her father sinking it when sho was a child." Even such ardent advocates of tho beneficial use of music as Prof. Boguslawski do not claim everything for It. They strike a medium position such as that taken by tho National Itecreation Congress in Its discussion of jazz. Ono of the speakers before tho Congress. Prof. A. T Davi- Even the Youngsters Go in for Jazz. This Kid Jazz Band Entertained the Grown-opa at New York City Concert. Cincinnati's Prize Bassoon, Six Feet High, Is Played by a "Little Girl." r absent. Now no Hollywood "lot" is without its orchestra, "Business men took a tip from the pictures. One of the biggest factoriofl in New Jersey is r-juipped with phonographs on every floor. -Its manager has discovered his girls work faster and more accurate! if a'popular-ong drowns cut the whirr of tliS belts. One of tho biggest barber shops in New York City furnishes music with its shaves and haircuts. Tho proprietor say a V mm tQuptt Feoiar Sttflce. IStS. minds. With the permission of the authorities, he conducted a scries of experiments covering more than u year at tho Chicago State Hospital at Dunning, III. There, after studying the data concerning cases which camo under his observation, he evolvrd a system from which ho believes perma nent cures may bo attained; a belief which ho says is concurred in by the medical authorities. This is the basin of his system: Music can do in the ease of tho insane person what medical science hitherto has failed to do take the patient's mind oh" tho one thing which obsesses him and carry him back to the memory of the days which preceded the cause of his par son, of Barnard College, expressed It In these words: "Although I bolieve with all my heart In the power of great music to accomplish many things, 1 do not believe that Bach is a cure for shoplift ing or that the strains of a Beethoven adagio will stay the pyromaniac's hand. Music is an art, not a policeman, and what music does to us de pends upon what impulses are in us for music to set to work. Wo may admit, however, that music which is beautiful and great because of its qualities has a better chance of generating good emotions and stimulating right thinking than music which is merely pretty or primarily phjril. cal in its appeal."