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The Morning Tulsa daily world. [volume] (Tulsa, Okla.) 1919-1927, December 30, 1922, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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H'M'MaiVl yi I HI I MM tHI
mmmammv w usr m mi m
Federal-State Probe Into
Louisiana Kidnaping
Impresses Empire
Sight of Me in Mer Rouge
Will Cause Great Slaughter,
Dr. McKoin Declares
But Man First Arrested Won't
"Squak" Under Grilling, His
Associates Declare
BALTIMORE, Dec. 29. Accord
ing to a jiolegram received hero to
day trom Monroe, La., the father of
Dr. D, Mj McKoin, held on a murder
charge in connection with the More
house parish kidnaping, has urged
the latter not to tight extradition
si2 rct'ir" tc XCw!s'71w v v
Bage stated numerous persons were
ready to testify In Doctor McKoln's
behalf, anoS that a detailed alibi
wnnlil hn established. 21 also said
proper precautions for The safc-4
guarding ot Doctor McKoin s lite
against mob violence would be pro
vided for.
Doctor McKoin, a former mayor
o Mer Rouge, La., was arrested
hero 'fuesday on the charge of the
murder of Watt Daniels and Thomas
niehards, whoso bodres were found
several days ago lit a lake near Mer
Eouge. Governs- Parker of Louis
iana requested lits arrest and has
dispatched Special Deputy Calhoun
to Baltimore with an affidavit and
extradition paperp. Calhoun loft
Baton Rougo today and is, not ex
pected to arrive until lato tdmorrow.
Battle Is Predicted.
Doctor McKoin declared today
that "there will be more bloodshed
in Louisiana than ever it I put my
foot on Mor House soil again," Ho
elated that ho "would rather die 40
times than be taken back," and
charged Governor Parker with being
behind the plot to force his extra
dition. In an interview with newspaper
men at the hospital Docton McKoin
raldiv "It is the bloodthirsty crowd
tfut watits me, not the authorities
ot Louisiana." The presence of
troops about the Jail at Mer Rouge,'
he said, would not safeguard his
life. t
"The sight of me would bo the
!gnal for the beginning ot the
greatest slaughter of human llfo this
country has ever known," ho de
clared. "I wouldn't live long enough
to smell tha smoke." The doctor
declared, however, that tho respect
able and law-abiding element would
battle to tho last man to save him.
BASTROP, La., Deo. 29. Dlslnte-
gration ot tho local Branch ot the
Knights of the Ku-K!uz Klan
througn fear of wholesale arrests and
prosecution of members as a result
of the governmental nnd stato In
vestigation Into tho kidnaping and
murder of Watt Daniel and Thomas
P Richards last Auguse, was the
gist of reports which ran rampant
today through all Morehouse parish.
The reports had it that klans
raon of this parish havo silently
disrobed at the orders of. Exalted
Cyclops J. K. Sklpworth and that
the members havo agreed to keep
locked behind their own lps the
Identity of eycry member.
No Threats or Warnings,
Tersons who onco spoke freely
of "100 per cent Americanism" are
now silent and attempt to com
wind a bland expression when asked
fonrernlng persons who aro said
to havo taken tho law Into their
own hands so far as Morehouse
par'idi 's concerned. These persons
Christmas Offer Extended
Just a Few More Days
This offer is for old subscribers as well as new. Look
at the yellow label on your Tulsa World it gives the
expiration ' date of your subscription. If it expires
soon, mail your renewal NOW. Save 35.
Offer Expires Jan. 5 1923
Tulis Dally World. TulaaOkla. vurJ i'Vhl'.'ii.'ivnrid
Enclo.ed find (Check) (Money Order) for which fend ma Ih. Tulaa World
mail mr OT10 jrur vv v.
$5.85 Daily and Sunday
Regular Unto $0.00
$4.85 Daily Only
Rcgnlnr Rate $7.00
fl $1.95 Sunday Only
I I Ttomil,... Ilnln S.I fill
Tor HAIL Subacrlptlon Only-In
Mlaaoutl and
Solon Wilt Make I
Klan an Issue in
Speaker Content
Massachusetts Democrats to
D'emand Stand of All Can
didates on Question
presentative Galllvan, democrat,
Massachusetts, declared In a state
ment today that democrats who
go boforo tho party caucus as can
didates for speaker of tho houso In
tho now congress will be called
upon by northern democratic re
presentatives to say where they
stand on the question of the Ku
Klux Klan,
"Murk you," said Oalllvan. "we
aro going to watch Ku-Klux demo
crats from the southland, whether
they come from Texas or any other
state and they will ge't no support
from domorrnts In the north unletw
at tho caucus, which will bo called
to select the party candidate for
tho speakership, theso men pro
nounce their absolute and un
equivocal opposition to the In
famous organization which at
present holds the front page In
our daily newspapers,
Brig. Gen. McPherren Is
Exonerated of Miscon
duct Accusation
Transfer of Lieutenant Colo
nel Explained, Observ- .
era Declare
Brig. Gen, Charles E. Mcl'her
ren, ranking officer of the Okla
homa national guard today was ex
onerated of charges of misconduct
In connection with his arrest by a
sentry at Camp Rickard last July
during tho annual encampment of
the stato guard.
An order issued by Gov. J. B.
A. Robertson as commander-in-chief
of tho Oklahoma national guard,
completely clears McPherren of any
Insubordination or disobedience 'to
higher authority. With the Issuance
of tho order It was intimated that
McPherren would shortly be promo,
ted to bo a major general In com
mand of the proposed Oklahoma na
tional guard division.
McPherren was detained by a sen
try at Camp Rickard at midnight
July 15. when ho returned to camp
and was conducted to the office of
tho camp commandor becauso he
could not produce a pass.
Passes previously had not been
required, according to tho governor's
order,, but sentries had been Instruct
ed on orders Issued by the senior in
structor to the guard to require pass,
es from all officers upon their re
turn to camp.
Ths order declares that the senior
Instructor had no authority to iwue
such instructions and that they par
ticularly woukl not apply to McPher
ren, since he was commander Of the
Ninth brigade.
Lieutenant Colonel J. P. (Patsy)
O'Noil, was senior instructor of the
Oklahoma, guard at the time and
spme observers saw In the governor's
order today an explanation of why
the war deportment recently trans
ferred Lioutcnant Colonel O'Ncil
from Oklahoma.
The governor's order declares that
"the arrest and detention of Urlga
dlcr acneral McPherren by the sen
try at the time and place aforesaid
was Improper, Illegal and void In all
things by virtue of the tact that the
pretended order under which the
sentry acted was not Issued in a law
fulfor proper manner."
The) order to sentries to arrest all
officers entering tho area of the
Ninetieth brigade without passes
- -- f
R. T. D.
, .Bos.
OUIahom.. Southern Kr.., Boutrw.at
Western Atsaniaa,
Says Past Few Months
Are Encouraging; Busi
ness Given an Impetus
Unsettled Conditions Abroad
Still Depressing Trade in
America, He Says
Only in Coal Did Outpift Drop
Due to Prolonged Strikes;
Agriculture Booming.,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29,-nusl-ness
and industry in tho United
States, opproaching tho beginning ot
tho now year, can regard tho prog
ress of the past months with satis
faction and may look forward to'
continued propsoprlty during the
early part of 1923, Secretary of Com
merce Herbert Hoover declared to
day. Ho pointed out, however, that
"unsettled conditions in foreign
countries, particularly in Europe
are still depressing our trndo and to
a certain extent havo kept the prices
of agricultural products below the
lovel of other countries!"
Greater Trade Volume.
"Tho optimism voiced t,v Secretary
Hoover was echoed by tho federal
reservo board in calling attention to
increases In, production nnd employ
ment, gerafer volume of trade, and
advancing prices during tho month
of November.
Theso prlco Increases during the
past two months were also noted by
tho commerce department .In con
nection with its rofcronco to the de
pression resulting from economlo
chaps abroad. ,
Production of manufactured com
modities in 1922 was approximately
50 per cent greater than in 1921.
according to figures compiled by tho
commerce department frdm reports
to tho census bureau,
Textile mills wero about 20 per
cont more Active than ln1921, the
Iron and steel industry Increased its
output from 60 to 70 por cent, while
other production gains were noted
as follows:
Nonferrous metals 60 to 95 per
cent; petroleum 15 per cent; coke
40 per cent; paper 20 to 30 per cent;
rubber 40 por cent; automobiles 50
per cent; building construction 60
per cont; lumber 35 per cent; brick
60 per cent; coment 15 per cent;
leather 20 per cont; sugar 45 per
cent and moats about 5 per cent.
Coal Production Dropped.
Tho only declines of outstanding
Importance recarded by the census
bureau wero 7 per cent In bitumi
nous coal and 47 per cent In anthra
cite caused by tho strikes last sum
mer. The 7 per cent reduction In
soft coal production under tho figure
for 1921 resulted In a decrease of
26,000,000 tons dus to a strike ot
five month last summer, Ths an
thracite decrease aggregated 40,000,
000 tons.
Agricultural receipts were report
ed as generally higher during 1922
as compared with the preceding
year. '
The increased production coupled
with a reduction In immigration im
proved the labor situation from a
large surplus of labor at the end of
1921 to a point where shortages now
occur, while-unemployment has been
almost eliminated.
Transportation conditions In 1922
changed from a big surplus of Idle
freight rani to a considerable short
ago, while car loadings were 11 per
cent greater than In 1921, this do
splto the shopmen's strike.
Kami Product IVlccs Mount.
Prices received by farmers in
creased approximately 17 per cent
during the icar, wholesale prices
advanced 10 per cent and rotall
food prices declined 0 pnr rnnt. This
condition, tho department stated,
"gives the faimer a greater purchas
ing power and narrows tho margin
between Wholesaler and retailer."
The heavier volume during 1922
was Indicated by an increase of 6
per ce.it' In the sales' of mail order
houses and a gain of 13 per cent
In the husinesx of chain stores. Debits
nnd bank cli-arlngs showed about
the samo relation.
Fifty per cent mors par-aengcr
autajnoblles were manufactured In
1922 as compared with 1921, and
about 75 per cent more trucks.
Discussing tho govcrnineit's finan
cial operations during tho yeyr, it
wf stated tWit th tntn) ijnltfd
Htnte.i Jntorest-bcaring debt was re
duced by $667,000 000 or about S
per cent, during tho 12 months end'
ing December 1; liberty nnd victory
loam wero reduced to $2,153,000,000
or about 11 pt-r cent.
Trade Totals Increase.
The fedoral roservo boards find
the year ending with continued up
ward trade In tho ontiro trade field
Hoavler spending during the holi
days was reflected In an increase of
$15,700,000 In federal reserve notes
In circulation. Larger demand for
bank credit in the lntorior during
rocent -weeks wns accompanied by
liquidation of both loaiiH and Invest
ments in New York and llr'ston. The
dems nd for 1' ni; f a .5 hi? nt' 't
pronounced In Cleveland, Richmond,
St. Louis a id Sin Fran' isco.
Tho volume of ptivrn'-nfa by check,
ordinarily taken by the reserve board
Walton, Back in State Today,
Will Accept Challenge From
Democrats in Legislature
Telephones Blake From Texas Ho Will Back Gibbons nnd
Anglin to the Limit; War With Trapp for Control of
State Election Machinery Assured.
Wnrlil CnplUI liureau,
Klikpatrlfk Hotel,
t'hnne Walnut 4Ht.
That (Jovurnor-Elect Walton will
enter tho organization fight in both
houso and somite upon his nrrlval
nero tomorrow night, was jnadi
evident todny following" a conversa
tion' over long-distance telephone
this afternoon between Walton and
his secretary, Aldrlch Illake. Wal
ton, was nt Templo, Texn.-v en. route
hero from Galveston whoro lio has
bpon ntaylng for a few days follow
ing his visit to Havana. Ho is duo
to mrrivo early Saturday morning.
Walton was appraised of tho situa
tion as it has developed during tho
past 10' days, invovlvlng a direct
Ilnq of cleavage, between the farmor
labor groups, which nominated him.
and the "regulars," for control of
both houses. ijlils Instructions aro
said to have lipon to accept tho chal
Four AithiS Picked by
New County Prosecut
ing Attorney
Three of Present Staff
Retained in Office
John M. Goldcsborry, county attorney-elect,
who goes into office
January 1, lato last night announced
his policy of offlco nnd made pub
lic hln tour assistants. Goldesberry
who served as assistant county at
torney under W. F. Seaver, who was
suspended from office three weeks
ago, was tho only republican on the
county ticket who was elected.
In making public his list of ap
pointees, Goldesberry stated that he
wns making practically no changes
In the prosont pffico force. As his
assistants he said ho would retain
itryon KIrkpatrtct, T. U. Wallaco and
Jn.mes Harrington, all of whom havo
been in tho office during tho last
administration. M. P. Hd-user of
Uroken Arrow s the other assistant.
"All of tho men now In offb e.
Goldesberry stated havo had exper
ience. They know tho 'ropos ot this
office and aro acquainted with nil
of tho cases now ponding. I couldn't
aeo where I could better myself in
any way from tho list at applications
which 1 had. Harrington will con
tinue to handle the civil business ot
the office wnile tho criminal busi
ness will be handled by my other
three assistants and myself.
Will Direct Criminal Cases
'Tho prosecution of criminal cas
es in tho Justice courts will ho under
my direct supervision. I will prob
ably bo prcent during the prelimin
ary trials of tho most important
cases, In tha district court 1 hope to
prosecute most of the cases, as I
havo done during yio last two years.
Tho other members fit my staff will
also assist in this work. ,
"During tho next two years my
policy of office will bo my oath of
office. That was the platform on
which I was elected and that Is tho
platform on which I am going to
stand, r am going to fulfill to the
utmost of my ability every part of
that oath. I stand for the enforce
ment ot all the laws of this state,
without fear or tfavor. That Ih the
way I have acted during tho past
and that is tho way I am polng to
"I apprcelato and welcoms con
structive criticism. And I desplso
destructive criticism and its sources.
I am for every man, woman, child
and Institution In this county that
keeps tho laws of this state sacred.
And I am against every man, woman,
child and institution that violates
the laws.
"Every accused person whom I
believe guilty will ly prosecuted to
the fullest extent. Hut every accused
pemon whom this office believes In
nocent will bo given freedom. I do
pot believe in prosecuting innocent
people. And I will Just as faithfully
livery Possible Assistance W4II Also
He (liven Creditors Committee
In Houston. nble Tangle
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. 29. The
federal court hero will give every 1
pocslble assistance to the committee
of five creditors ot Houston, Flble &
Co., in remedying tho affairs of tho
concorn, "Judgo Van Valkejiburgh
told the committee today when It
appeared in leuerai cuun ui me i
uvaruiK mi rtiuivursuiji jiruuuuuingB.
The court then granted a continu
ance In the hearing without sotting
any definlto date on which tho com
mittee should render a report.
"It is my Idea that the committee ,
chall havo all t'ie time t .nih anl
I will bo at ita disposal day or n giu
to receive Its report. I will set no,
definite date for a report to bel
trade," Judgo Van Yalkenburgh
lenge and place the new administra
tion v. record In behalf of .Honator
Tom Anglin for.uri'siiloiit pro torn.
' ot tho senate, nnd Murray Gibbons
for spcaki'r of tho houso. Further-
more, it is stated that tho tight will
, rcopon against W. O. McAllster for
secrrtary of thu senate, and Mint
j there will be war to tho last trenches
unless the election mnchlnry 1 dis
lodged from the oiilco of J.luutonant
Governor Trapp.
Immediately following tho con
versation, Senator Anglin conferred
with Illake, nnd tlwro worn hurried
1 calls for senators. Paul vintorsi"ii,
candidate for secretary of tho senate,
I was culled Into it conference, nnd
! there was every Indication that Wal-
ton hnd Issued ji note ot defiance, to
'his opponents, involving nil the Is
sues which have been rnlwcd during
his absence Conferences also oc
curred among various lenders of the
.Walton forces, during tho afternoon
Fears Aroused for Two
Ships Battling Way
Into Port
Marines Rushed to Help Ship
ping Board Motor Boat
Off Capo May
NEW YORK, Dee. 19, Gales to
day continued to whip the- north
Atlantlo Into mountains and can
yons, arousing fears for at least two
vcvioIh, dolaying scores and nendlng
n. few smaller craft crashing Into
Tho chief anxiety was felt for the
freighter Bretonia, which sailed for
this port from St. Pierre on De
cember 12, hnd tho German freight
er Hclnrich Knyser, which lust re
ported when slid sent out nnv8, O.!
S. COO miles off Cape May on De
cember 6.
In addition, a flutter ran through
marine circles when tho whipping
board motor ship Mnnniotor, bound
for Norflok from Hoiton, .radioed'
-' l)' li off Five Fathom bank light.
The Munmotor, with a crew of 4 2
ii'i jul, reported u bad IIM to star
board, but a later message stated
fcho had righted a little. Meanwhile
tho coast guard cutter Klcknpoo put
out to her nsslstanco from Capo May.
Tho most important wrnck re
ported was that of tho schooner
Annlo I Splndlcr. out ot Yarmouth,
N, fl., which struck near Province
town, Ms,, Rending her crew of tx
ashoro In a breeches buoy.
Shipping officers in Nw York,
Halifax and other ports wars bom
barded with wireless messages from
liners reporting delays caused by
mid-winter storms.
Tho Rerengarla, bearing Ambas
sador Harvey back to Washington
from London, wan ono of th vewals
hold up, Duo here today, she re
ported that she still was stl mile
off this port and did not expect to
reach quarantine until Sunday
Waves were also lashing the sides
Liquor Raid Results in
Arrest of Bank Ban
dit Suspects
With tlis arret of Roy V. An
derson, C. J. Martin and Jack Sholts
at 1701 West Cameron Friday after
noon, police believe that they have
broken up tho bandit gang that
robbed tho Caddo bank two woeks
ago and had takun part in spectacu
lar holdups of other banks recently.
Anderson, according to tho police.
Is wanted In connection with the
Caddo bank robbery, while tho men
giving the names of Martin and
Sholts are believed to be members
of the gang, officers Btate.
While the men under nrrest have
not been Identified as members of
tht) gang, offices Htated last night
that they have Information that An
derson, a brothec-in-law of C. O.
Ward arrested recently and now
awaiting trial at Durant for tha rob
bery of tho Caddo bank, was impll-
Officers, led by Cspt. Ned Oritts
and selective Sid Jackson, weru
searching Ward's heme on KaBt
Cameron for liquor, when Anderson
and his companions brought revolv
ers l ni p play. Tho offloprs dli
aiintd the nv-ii and, beMdr i the e.x
shooters, they fcuntl tirrf k attic
coats, In tho pockets of which were
masks made from red bandana
handkerchiefs, according to the re
port raa.au a hcadquarteri.
First Day of Operation of
Workers' Factory Suc
cessful Experiment
BelievcB His Donation May Go
Far Toward Solving Prob
lem of American Labor
He's" Merely Trying lo Reward
Employes Who Helped Him
to Success, Ho SayB
NEW YORK. Dec. 20 Tho fac
tory run by and for its omploycH
functioned smoothly the first day.
It was tho plant formerly owned by
Henry At DIx, millionaire 'employer
of Now York and Mlllvilio, N. J
whu unnuuriceil that ho would turn
his $l,000,000-a-year dress manu
facturing biilnei!S over to tho work
ers os a reward for their faithful
service and who put the announce
ment In effoct yesterday.
His Pny Cut to 50 Onts
Ho reduced his own salary at the
same time from JCO.OuO to 50 cents
annually. Ho also loaned tho em
ployes $250,000 cash capital with
which to curry on tho business, They
aro to pay for tho blocks of stock
they receive out of tho future prof
its of the business.
"Tho solution of the tabor prob
lem In tho United States la not en
tirely, perhaps, but very largely in
tho hands of omployers," Mr. Dlr
said today. "And tho solution, as
I sco it, is this: Troat your em
ployes fairly, remember they are Just
human beings liko yoitrsoit nnd that
without thorn your business success
would be impossible,
"It Is all simple enough when you
coma to look at It. It Is nothing
much more than tho practical appli
cation of tho tfoldcn rule.
Wife Inspired Him
"And with it, in toy case, go the
lovo nnd thoughtfulness for tho well
being and aid of others as they came
from thu eoul of a woman rny wlfo,
who died three years ago, for It was
she who guided nnd advised me In
whatever I havo been able to do for
tho welfare of others.
"I and my family have been
termed 'cranks' hero before by many
business men, largo employem of la
bor themselves, for giving away, os
they termed it, money nnd chnrl
tablo and educational gifts which
havo como chiefly through tho oam
lngs of my business.
"In answering them I have point
ed out that unless It had been for
ttfoso employes my firm would have
made no profits and I- nould Imvn
bn In no position to have given
them a dollar.
"The trouble with employers to
day Is they give too much thought
to the profits they hopo to make,
to tho repair ot a leak In tits root
of ono of their buildings, perhaps,
or to some other less essential and
not enough to the welfare of the
people who have made their suc
cess pQMsllWe.
IIo Never I bid n Strike
"It has been my experience that
If employes aro treated fairly. If
their, rights aro given consideration,
they'wlll do tho fair thing by you
In return. I have never had a strike
among the many people I havo em
ployed because they all knew I did
not regard them merely as boaMs'of
burden but men and women who
havo feelings Just as I have, who aro
port of our common humanity. In
this view my wife always agreed
with mo and it was she who sug
gested many of the things which
have been done for those, who were
in my employ.
"Other business men throughout
the country may not follow our ex
ample, but It has been demonstrated
to our satisfaction It Is tho right
cource. We havo shown the way to
others. If they follow there will be
less labor unrest and dissatisfaction
In this country."
.State I-ind 'Commission Offers lllm
Post as Counsel for Ktato In Red
Hlur Suit With Fee of $.5,000.
I?y Ilitm Hit t iFml '' ' or1" vie
Gov. J. II. A Robertson, who re
tires from office January 8, has
been offorod a position as special
attorney to represent Oklahoma In
tho Texas-Oklahoma Red River oil i
land litigation, it was announced to- i
day. The proposal was made at a i
meeting of the state school land
commission that he be retained for a
fee of $25,000.
TUI.8A. If 29 llailmum, U; mini
mum. 3. ouOK'Ait winds, cer.
iiHI.AIMA situnlny party etouiix.
tr , -,1,1,-r 'n w st mi,i 1 antral por ,
11 (
liii f- 1 j In sr, 1 H inJuy. '
Hont buyeri ra uft when tlllfs aft
ruaranittJ ari U.ili f!.,ii) tiy TltU
liiuianiee & Xtait to. AdverllKrnent,
'Harding's Plan !
For Debt Funding
Is Last Resort
Non-Political Body of Finance
Experts of Nations, Idea
of the President
pointment of American finan
ciers to sit upon n oummlsHbm
such as suggested tonight by
Secretary Hughes In his address
nt New Haven would be rm nom
ination ottho government If tho
proposal -for this method of ad
justing t ho lepnrntlotiM dispute
was nreopted abroad. Tills was
tho view expressed authorita
tively In White House, circles in
connection with Mr. Hughes' re
marks. ,
it was pointed out that any
body of an advisory cbnractnr to
ileal with the question of the
amount of reparations Germany
could nnd should pay must meet
under tho sanction of all gov
ernments Involved, If its work
was to bear fruit. Wltllo no light
wns thrown upon preliminary
conversations that may havo
been held betweon tha Washing
ton and the allied governments
relative to tho plan of opera
tion Mr. Hughes has disclosed,
tho Impression given In White
House circles was that such con
versations had taken place and
that thero was reason to believe
tho allied premiers would not be
found opposed to tho suggestion
If, as Mr. Hughes pointed out,
thoy fall to reach a reparations
agreement among themselves.
Idaho Senator Consents to
Withdraw When Told
of President's Plans
Was Never Really "Before
Senate;" Borah May Revive
It, He Tells Senators
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. In the
face of statements from admnlstra
tlon itenntora that President Hard
ing nnd Secretary of Stato Hughes
aro now engaged In formal discus
sions and delicate negotiations to
ward the calling of an economlo
conference, tho Ilornh amendment to
tho naval bill requesting tho presi
dent to call such a conference was
killed this afternoon without ever
coming to a vote.
Honators Lodge and Watson,
speaking for tho administration had
arsured Senator llorali that tins gov
ernment la now moving In the direc
tion desired by him, llorah said ho
had no desire to "retard progress"
and he announced he would not push
his amendment to a vote.
Nwi "Before Senate"
Senator Watson declared that In
a strictly parliamentary sense tho
Boran amendments was not actually
before the senate. It had Men
printed but never actually placed
before tha senate by the Idaho sena
tor, although debate on It has raged
and stormed in the senato for sev
eral days.
"Well," sold Borah, "If that's the
case, I will not prtsont it," 1
The end nt tho now-famous
norah proposal came w4Jh drama
tic suddenness. Thero was n rapid
exchange between Horah, Ixidgn and
Watson and then tho llorah amend
ment wns consigned to thu heap of
other discarded legislation.
"I can stale," itild Senator IJoran,
"tt.nt Tll,.. II.,P.lt.,r- I.,.. In mtn,l
tho calling of a conference "
.Itint "Coin eisiit Ions."
IJoth Senator Watson and Senator
Lodge insisted that tho term "con
versations," rather than the term
"negotiations' should be employed
In describing tho mova now bolng
made by tho administration.
Senator Ilornh asked Lodge point
blank whether tne "conversations"
were aimed at tho financial and
economic restoration o Europe and
Lodge replied that thoy were.
Senator MC'ormlek, republican,
Illinois, declared h knew of the
conversations on his recent trip to
London and had understood that
they aimed at American participa
tion In the world economic confer
ence that has been proposed at
Ho May Itmlvn It.
Senator llorah, after withdrawing
his proposal. sal,i lie was "perfectly
w. ll Mtinflert with ths situation." Hs
assumed, of course, ho H.ild, that
Senators I)dge nnd Watson "knew
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Tulsa JVorld
Osage G00O Osage 6000
Says Debt to America in
No Way Related to
But Payment of These Do Not
Affect Payments Demand
ed of Germany
Nation's Financiers Willing to
Assist Europe in Advis
ory Capacity Only
Iiy the AMoclftteil I'tcm.
NEW HAVI3N, Conn., Dec. 29 A
suggestion that an Independent
eornmlMili'm of men competent In fi
nancial ntfnirH could acconipl sh
moro than a general International
conference toward solution of tho
--"repcan reparation 3 tangle was puc
forward by Secretory Hughes hero
tonight In tho first publlo pro
nouncement on tho economic crisis
to como from rosponsiblo aftlcals
of tho udmlnlstrutlon at Washing
ton. Tiio secretary, who npoko beforo
the American. Historical association,
added that ho had "no doubt dls
tlngulshod Americans would ho will
ing to servo on such a commission,
which ho Bald might well be kept
freo from any responsibility to for
eign offices or any duty to obey po
llt(cal instructions, Ortco advan
tage had been taken ot the oppor
tunities thus afforded," in, Bald, "tho
avenues of American holpfulncss
cannot fall to open hopefully."
Referring to suggestions that
the United States asaumo tho rolo of
arbiter In the reparations dispute,
Hughes said a sufficient answer to
that wa tho fart "that wo havo not
been asked." ' Ho wont on to aay
ho did not bellevo this government
should tako such a burden of re
sponsibility. Throughout his discus
sion, tho secretary recognized that
tho questions of Gorman repnratioiu
lay nt tho root of any economlo set
tlement, Tho problems ubro.id. hs
Bald, aro world problems, nnd could
not bo disposed of "by calling them
European."' He declared tho United
Htntes would "view with dlsfavot
measures which instend ot produc
ing reparations would threaten dla
nstor" and said no ono could forsee
tho "serious consequences" whlcn
might ensue It forcible means wore
adopted to obtain reparations from
TcU or Dihcusslon,
Tho text of Mr. Hughes' discussion
of economlo problems follows:
"Tho economlo conditions In Eu
rops k'vo ua the greatest concern.
They have long received ths earnest
consideration of ths administration.
It is Idle to say that wn art) not in.
terestod In theso problems, for wJ
are deeply Interested from an eco
nomic Htandpolnt as our credits and
markets are Involved, and from i
humanitarian standpoint as tin
heart of tho American people goea
out to those who are 1n distress. 1V4
.cannot dispose of these problems bsi
'calling them European for they ar
world problems and we cannot o
capo the Injurious consequences of a
failure to settle them.
"They nro, hywover, European
problems In tho sensA that they can
not bo solved without tho i-onsent
of European governments. Wa can
nut consent for them. The key ta
tho settlement Is In their hands, not
In ours.
"The crux of the European situa
tion lies in the settlement ot repara
tions. There will be no adjustment
of other needs, howevor pressing, un
til a definlto and accepted basis for
tho discharge of reparatrons claims
line been fixed. It Is futile to at
tempt to erect any economic struc
ture In Europe until the foundation
is lab?.
Culled Stales Is Ignored
"How can the United States help
In this matter? We are not srekim
reparations. We are Indeed asking1
for the reimbursement of the cos's
of our army of occupation; nnd. with
good reason for wo havo maintained
our army in Europe at the roquest
of the allies and ot ocrmany and un
der an agreement that its cost wltii
like army costs should bo a firs'
1 harge upon tho amounts paid bv
Germany. Others have been paid
and we havo not boon paid.
"Rut wa nrfi not seeking gens-i.!
reparations. Wo ur bearing our
own burden, and through our loans,

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