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i*tîî K ♦ "if ONE CENT. WILMINGTON, DEL., FRIDAY, AUGUST 84 , 188 S. NO. 82 . M ple the lars. TÏT VV by 1) CROSBY & HILL VV jP We would remind our friends and customers that we • expect to remove to our new store room on Market street above Sixth early in Septem ber. We arc still offering many remarkable bargains which shrewd customers, who know a good thing, are taking freely. We also continue to give, and shall do so until we move, a 27 day can X), of Discount of Ten Per Cent. •ii all regular goods ex cept Prints, Muslins, War ner's Corsets and Pearl Shirts, also all marked-down goods. A reduction of 10 per cent, makes - ' our goods very "'cheap. You get a dollar's worth for 90 cents, which is an important item. We prefer to lose 10 per cent, than remove our block to the new building. P. I SPECIAL. Linen Damasks from $1.00 down to 75 cents, and 75-cent jçoods down to 50 cents. These goods arc worthy the imme diate attention of every house keeper in the city and vicinity, *s we believe no such value was ever offered. I BLANKETS. On Saturday morning shall place on sale our entire reserve stock of Blankets at ten per cent, from our regular low cash prices. We will also offer a lot of 10-4 Blankets at 70 cents a pair. No discount. we showing special and remarkable bar gains in We some are DRESS GOODS. Ask to see the 36-inch checked Wool Tricots at 25 cents a yard, and the 50-inch plain Broad Cloths at 47/4 cents. We think you will he surprised and pleased with these goods. Now is the time to save money on all kinds of useful and desirable DRY GOODS. OUR Hosiery Bargains. Are attracting a great deal of attention. Ever)' person should sec them. Respectfully, CROSBY & BILL HELP WANTED, VXTK WISH TO EMPLOY A FEW SALE 8 - men on salary to sell our goods by sam to the wholesale and retail trade of u mtngton, Del.,and adjoining states, we srs largest manufacturers of our Hue in the country. Bend two cents in stamps for particu No postals answered. CENTENNIAL M'F'G CO.. Cincinnati. O. MAN TO ANTED.—AN ENERGETIC canvass and collect. Apply *04 Market street. DRESSMAKING. UESSMAKING IN ALL ITS BRACHES at 80» W. Seventh street. Cutting done draught; fit guaranteed. boarding. AITANTKD — GENTLEMEN BOARDERS; VV also table boarders. No. 849 Oramge street. AMUSEMENTS. F. PROCTOR'S ACADEMY OF MUSIC GRAND OPENING OP THE SEASON. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, August , 2 ,s and 29. Matinees. Tuesday and \Vednes da-f. The popular comedian CEEORCE HOLLAND And an admirable company of players. Mon day night and Tuesday matinee, "Our Ameri can < 'oiisln;" Tuesday night. "School for Scan dal;" Wednesday Matinee and night. "Money." ! Three nlghl s, commencing Thursday, August matinees Friday and Saturday afternoons, j Martin Hayden. In "A Boy Horn." | \ INSTRUCTION. OHO HT- II AND AND TYI'K-WKITINCi , SCHOOL. MONDAY AND FRIDAY EVENINGS. Board of Trade Rooms, Exchange Building, ! SEVENTH AND MARKET STS. The above school will reopen September 3, 1888. Both Hexe« admitted. A number of young i ladies and gentlemen have already been en- t rolled. No additional charge for instruction in I type-writing. No t* xt books used, student« being instructed from Fay's Short-hand , compendium, which 1 « conceded by former , pupil* to be far superior to any other method \ of instruction. T. rn: < reasonable. For lull ! particulars address R. J. FAY. Stenographer. ; P. O. Box 335. Wilmington. Del. pillESDS' SCHOOL, Will reopen 9th month (September). 10th. 1ÄBR. j Primary, Intermediate and Academic lie- j partmenta. The principal will be at his office ] after 9th month. fid Catalogues nt F. Thoms» * Co.'s. ISAAC T. JOHNSON. Principal. I LICENSE APPLICATIONS. j N otice.—I. james a. kelly, hereby give notice that on the 17lh day of Sep lumber next entming, being the first day of the September term of the (-ourt of General fri*« «Ion, in and for Now Castle county. I will apply I lîccniiCoTOlTlnmxicn.tTng'iiquorein'^imnUtk* 1 not h-ss tiian one-half gallon, and not to be | drunk on the premises. The said business is 1 to bo eArri ed on ftt the S. W. eoimtw Tenth and of'Ä ! ?fmÄn, Snd; spectuble cl. irons of eaid ward recommend the j grantiim I.f ties application, viz: j I A*Rlgihr James W King. 1 L. V. Nicholson, t'Khrlos Oram Funk, ! B. F. i'-.-rki 10 -, 0.1). Cleinnd. Glltort'lÄ L Andrew Trayiior. John Doumii.m-, ( Iiiimlier» K. Kemble, inhnr U lm.kim. ,H " rt ' i'cVsTc"®' John D. Davis, * \). F. Hoiston, George Churchman, Caleb Miller, CUarTes Miller. C. W,, Kltselman, W.J. More.and, .au I dark. - «mm !»«b. I Hi»*™, -ms i ■ tenant of the house situate*! at No 19ft East Water street, in the H*-i-ond . ward of the city of ' ilmmglon county with tin* requirement« ! if the Oenëî-al As.-ombly in ereby «ivo I.f the'pe7*ce"aiirt ' fi °?^° b[l aV't hc L 'n*xt ' " license for «aid house 1 Fourth and West Streets. s A. KELLY. JA N Castle ware, in conipli.i of l he such case made and provided, do h notice that 1 shall apply in Court of General Sessions of »Fail Delivery of tbe State of Delaware, in and for New Castle count I ^ day of September, A term of said court, for a ns an inn or tavern for tho sale therein of in toxicating ILiUors in less quantities than one quart, to follow N of ■is H iiuuora ill quam-iut-e man un* bo drunk ou tho premises, and tho in:- respectable citizens of said ward recommend the said application, viz: Stanstmry Murray, Jr., George W. Quinn, John P. Hayes, S. H. Duretcln. A. W. Randolph, E. P. Valentine, Ferdinand Kacnelc. H. 8 . Wiekersham, •Samuel Beil. A. Smith, fi. it. HiiîKins, hi. C. Godfrey, Henry GTonth, George H. Baumann, John F. Bush. James Crawford, H. W. Wolters. Martin Traub, John B Dunbar, Moses Smith, William T. Nickerson. Adolph Kloberg, C. K Gilmore. George W. Wood, James H. Murray, James McVey. Phillip.R. Shea. JAMES M. BARTON. ! I EXCURSIONS. GRAND EXCURSION AND PICNIC TO LAUER'S PARK, READING, PA. GIVEN BY THE German Library and Dela ware Sængerbund, ON THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 13. Tickets Sl.ftfl. Good for two days. Leave French street depot 0.30 a. m. sharp VPE MAY O' VIA THE WILMINGTON & NORTHERN R. R. AND STEAMER REPUBLIC. On and after Jum$S trains will leave FOOT OF FRENCH STREET At 8,45 a. m. dally (except Sunday), on Sunday at 9 a. in.,to connect with steamer at Delaware River Pier. Returning the train will leave the pier on arrival of steamer. FARE FOR THE HOUND TRIP. $1.09 GREAT BARGAINS! large Stock to Select From. Parlor Suites Chamber Saites, 7 pieces, hard wood finish. Wardrobes. ^ Baby Carriages... I keep all kinds of .. $35.90 up. . 18.90 up. . 7.59 up. T.UU up. FURNITURE, CARPETS, BEDDING, STOVES, Etc. Caeh, Weekly or Monthly Payments. THOMAS GRINSELL, S. E. Cor. 2d and Orange. WILMINGTON, DEL. Open Tuesday And Saturday evening-* tfU a.30 o'clock. An Important Message Trans mitted to Congress. HIS BOLD PROPOSITIONS. He Prescribes for Canada Her Own Medicine. RETALIATION AND PROTECTION. The Course Recommended in Place of the Treaty. j-j, e Semite Refuses to Wait ami Hear PROMPT RESPONSE OF THE HOUSE. the SIosBage Road. \ SURPRISE PARTY FOE CANADA. Th« President Aakt Congress for 1mm« Conr«rrlng IN Prohibit Canada from In llmt d Aero»» ends in American dinte LtfUlulli Upon Him to Traiiamlltlng Ware« Our Territory— H« Al*e lioromi that Cwmadlnn TanitsU AVator« ha Given Only lack Ulghti »«d Ar« Glv.u Anturl.iin Vcs Enviiez:**. n.l* in c««s*lian Waters— H. Thought the Hrj.t-te.1 Treaty WToll <M1* nlatod II» A way With All Trouble. )*ut . H. Prop««.» to Teh. the IVhlp in SiimI—* «f r.s-rt Relations. i:il|ls»il and « an.il« fcU-ongly Ar r»l»ne.l for 9*ilB,Ur..w—Tho tir.-«* linn e0l . T)l#y H „, l .J.jMl. which Now tll „ Thick. sireaia *»•> stopped. • | lf ttirommmi.R tha* Pwlitl«» h* I«ald A»Ula »n*l »ba lii^hu Amerl «»« elite.»« be Thnroughly rrulecto.1. WabHIKOTCN, Anja 34.—Tbs pi -s.tl-nt senl to » m«. sage iu retsrsne« io th» ro jeetlon of the fisheries treaty by the -«at«, R, i-econuiiomls immj<l>at« lagislvt.on oou j Terring up«u tho sie* Uti « Wis pi vor to sun 1 pend, bv proclamation, the operation of nil ! „„j rvgu.atioi ii permitting tho transit gocsls »«res one uisrsnaudiss, in bond, «croé. or o*or the territory of the Unite.1 Su:'.*», to or f: r m Ça ai». l/sf's'ilmn is »*> ivc*.:»v..*iid*l tha: wUlgivn Canadian r.a\i our cunuU precisely th« uktue ndvauUgw granted 4m*rican vt sv .s in q ina lia ., c i UB l 3l and '.out u>ih b« meas ' | by tU# a ruM> of dwcrimtnatUm. i *» ..»a=. » «• " - follows; t N«' Xo THB CokonrRS: TlUj r .je,-t„m l, y the sonata of tho treaty îaîely uag«»tialad for the «»Miamaiit an l ad- ; Ju4iii«at t-f the differsnc«s «xistlng between ] ;l|0 United Biates and Great Britain concern- j i »2 Lei rights and privileges ot American I fishurmsii in tbe ports and watscs of British | North X merlca seems to justify« survey of tlis condition t*i which th* poudiay question : ig thue romitte*!. : The treaty upon thie subject concluded iu ; 1818, through diaagreementa as lo the mean- i inv of ili term«, h* 4 « been a fîmitful eourco of irritation snd lrouble. Our oltlsena engsgisl ia fishing enterprises in waters adjacent to Canada have lM*en suiijecîed to numerous vexations, intei-terences sail annoyances their vessels have been s-izsj upon pretexts which appeared to I» eutirsly inadmissible, I am! they have boon o;h«r wive treated by the Canadian eutheritiss and officials in a man- I ner in-xcusabiy harsh and oppressive This j conduct has b-en justified by Groat Britain and Canada by tho claim that tho treaty ot | 1818 permitted it, and upon ths ground that \ it was necessary to tbe proper protection of | Canadian interests. We deny that treaty agreements justify these acts, and we further j maintain Up.', acide from any treaty ro- i stralats, of disputed in'erpretation, tho rela- ] live positions of the United States and Canada I rs near neighbors, the growth of our joint commerce, the development anil prosperity i of loth countries, which amicable relations ] surely guarantee, and aboie nil, tho liber ality always extended by tho United Btates | to the (io- -plo of Canada, furnished motives j for kindness and consideration higher and ! better than treat} covenants, While keenly sensitive to all that was ex asperating iu the condition, and by no means indisposed to support tho just complaint* of our injured citizens, I still deemed it my duty for tho preservation of important American interests which wore directly in volvtd, and in view of all tlie details ot the situation, ti attempt by negotiation to remedy existing wrongs and to finally ter minate, hy a fair end just treaty, these ever recurring causes of difficulty. I . ally believe that tbe treaty just rejected by the ssnate was well suited to the exi gency, and that iu provisions were adequate | for our security iu the future from vexatious incidents, ami for the promotion of friendly | neighborhood end intimacy, without sacn (icing iu thu least our national pride or dignity. I am quite conscious that neither my opinion of tho value of tha rejected treaty nor tho motives which prompted its negolia tion are of importance in the light of the judgment of tho senate thereupon. But it is of importance to note that this treaty has been rejected without any ap parent disposition on tho part of tbe senate to alter or amend it* provisions, and with tbe evident int.-ntion, not wanting exprès sion, that no negotiation should at present bo concluded touching tbe matter at issue. The co-operation necessary tor the adjust meut of tho long standing national differ ences with which wo have to deal, by methods ot conference, an agreement having thus been declined, I am by no means disposed to abandon tho interest* and the right» of our people in the nreiuisee, or to neglect their grievances; and I therefor# turn to the con temptation ot a plan ot ralaliatioa asu mole which still remains of treating the situation, I am not unmindful of ths gravity ot the responsibility assumed in adopting this line of conduct, nor do I fail in the least toappre ciatc it* ssrious consequences. It will be impossible to In jure oar Canadian neight-ors by retalintoiy measures without infitcting some damage upon our own ciU This result* from our proximity, our lomraonality of interests, and the inevitable commingling of the business enterprises t hich have been developed by mutual ac livity. Plainly stated, tbe policy of national ratal tatiou mauifrttiv embraces the infliction of - the greatest barm upon those who havo in jured us, with the least possible damage to ourselvea There is also an evident propriety, as well ss an invitation to moral support, found in visiting upon the offending party the same measure or kind of treatment of which wo complain, and as far as possible within the nm linos. And, above all things, the plan of retaliation, if entered upon, should be thorough and vigorous. Tho«> considérât ions lead me at this time to invoke the aid and counsel of the congress snd its support iu such a further grant of power as seems to mo necessary and desira b e to render effective the policy X have in dicated. The congre» hss already jiassed a law, wlilch received executive assent on the 3d day of March, 1887, providing that in case American fishing vessels, being or visiting in the waters or at any of the ports of the British déminions of North America, Aiouhl 1 » or lately had been deprived of the rights to which they were entitled by treaty or Uw, or if they were denied certain other privi leges therein specified, or vexed and harasse*! in the enjoyment of the same, the president might deny to vessels and their masters and erew-s of the British dominions of North America any entrance into the waters, ports or liatliors of the United Blates, and also deny entry into any port or place of the United States of any product of said do minions, or other goods coming from said dominions to the United States. ■hail result in the toast possible injury to our own people, the effect would probably bo en lirely inadequate to the accomplishment of tlie purpose desired. I deem It my duty, therefore, to call the attention of the con tie* to certsin particulars iu the action of the authorities of the Dominion of Canada, in addition to the general allegations already made, which appear to bo in such marked contrast to the liberal ami friendly disposi tion of our osuntry as in my opinioa Is oall forsuch legislation a* will, upon ths princi pies already stated, properly supplement the |>ow»r to inaugurale retaliation already reefed in the eieoutiva. Actuated by the generous and neighborly spirit which has charseterized our lijnsla I km, our tariff laws have, »nee i860 b»en to far waived ia favor of Canada as to allow, free of duty, the trsneit a-roes tho terrltery sf the United States of property arriving at our pons and destined to Canada, or me port**! from Canada to otbor foreign iv.ua When lbs treaty of Washington v»i United While 1 shall not hesitate, upon proper oc casion, to enforce this act, it would seem to he unnecessary to suggest that, it such en forcement is limited in such a manner as ,* 1*71 Hi*»vrtMn Jfg tiftbu, m lall, batwaen tm» Sja'.*Yii ami Great Britain, having for iu ob - ^ tho modification of the ti«*uy of 1818, ths privileges above referred to were made reciprocal, and givou in return by Canada to the UtilP-d Htates, in the fol lowing laaguage iu th« twenty-ninth article of «ni treaty; it m ngiwl that for the term of year» men tlooed in ortlole 8 S of tide treaty, goo Is. wares nr nierchssdlse arriving at the port» of New York. Boston, Portland and any other (Kirts ia ll *e Uuit»l Si*h.i which hxv.i bora, or "tjgnitod by° tte T «-•■>■**' ÏÏT'a 1 « | u . ,i ,.-1 f.,.- her llritoimic j ms^ty'fi (»«msloush. North America, may h, , l at tbi proper custom house, end con*» 1 wyefi in transit without the payment of duties through the territory of tho United Shim, under i suoh luUs - »««ulatUiss and eundttlons for visa BJÄsrrrsssarsrss , 0 *1 uu-ler like rule*, regulations and conditions, gwxls. wares or merebauilis.- may he „.„reyed In iran.lt, without th« («ymeiit of ; dnti«*, fmin «u«*a p»sgi riwl'>iis throu^b the lurrl ] tory of the Unite.! States, for export from the in«*. 11 *• fu rlh * r ogre.*! thiu, for tlie like period. *">**,"tnerechs'u.i 1 »:'arriving «» «uy of mN^'teAm.rtcs ".nid desThid toî thTuaUed ; K tat»i, may be entered ut tbe pre per cueteut j Ihjum» and couvoyed io transit withoui tk«» pay* Meat of dure, through the eaidpoaeeaelong. uedur ! «»d refutatiotie ami ondltiomi for the j protwtion of the revenu? as Che governmeaui of j rondtt ' to ,. a . goods, wares or lurrclifndise may be 1 eonveveti i« iraawi, without payment of dutliw. i from the United States through the said posses «ions to oilisra places in tha United States, or j for export from ports iu the said possessions. | In the jsnr 1880 notice was received by, the representatives of our government that our fishermen would no longer be allowed to j ship their fish in bond and free of duty \ through Canadian territory to this country; and ever since that time such shipment has boen denied. | The privilege of such shipment which had been extended to our fishermen was a most important one, allowing them to spend the lime upon tho fishing grounds, which would otherwise be devoted to a voyago homo with their catch, and doubling their opportunities for profitably prosecuting their vocation. In forbidding tho transit ot the catch of | our fishermen ovor their territory in lurid I and free of duty, the Canadian authorities deprived us of tho only facility dependent ; upon their concession, and for which wo I could supply no substitute. about $370,090,0(10, nearly all ot which wore goods dutiable under our tariff laws, hy far the larger part of this traffic consisting of exchanges ot goods between Great Britain and her American provinces brought toaud carried from our port* in their own vessels. The treaty stipulation entered into by our government was in harmony with laws I which were then on our statue book, and are still in force. 11 ecommend immediate legislative action conferring upon tho executive the power to suspend, by proclamation, the operation of j all laws and regulations permitting the | transit of goods, wares and merchandise, in bond, across or over the territory of the United States, to or from Canada. There need be no hesitation in »impending these laws arising from the supposition that their continuation is secured by treaty obii gâtions, for it seems quite plain that article 2V of the treaty of 1871, which was the only article incorporating such laws, terminate*! the 1 st day of July, 1885 Thearticle iteelf declares that its provisions I «ball be iu force for the terra of years men Honed in article 38 of this treaty. Turning to article 33, we find no mention of the twenty-ninth article, hat only a provision that articles 18 to 35. Inclusive, and article 80 shall take effect as soon ns the taw* re quired to carry them into operation shall be passed by the legislative bodies ot the differ ent countries concerned, end that they shell remain in force for the period of ten years | from the date at which they may come into j operation, and, further, until (he expiration j of two years after either of tbe high oon ! tree tin g parties shall have given notice to ' tbe other of it* wish to terminate the same. 1 I am of the opinion that tho term of years j mentioned in article 33, referred to in article The value to the Dominion of Can at is of j the privilege of transit for their export* ami ] imports across our territory, and to and from our ports, though great in every aspect, will tie bettor appreciated when it is remem bered that for a considerable portion of each year the Ht. Lawrence, which constitutes the direct avenue of foreign commerce leading to Canada, is closed by ice. During ths last six years the imports and exports of British Canadian provinces car ried aero"» our territory under the privileges granted by our laws amounted in value to 29 A4 the limit of it« duration, nww« tho period during which articles 18 to 25, inclus- i ive, «u l article 89, commonly colled the *'fisheries articles," should continue iu force under the language of saisi article 1*3. That the high commissioners who negotiated tho treaty so understood and intended the phrase is certain, (or in a statement contain ing an account of their negotiations pre pared under their supervision and approved ! by them, we liud the following entry ou the subject: "The transit question wasdiscussed, | and It was agreed that any settlement that might be made should include a reciprocal arrangement in that respect for the period for which the fishery articles should be in foroo," Iu addition to this very satisfactory evi dence supporting this construction of article 29, it will i»> found that the law passed by congress I« carry the treaty into effect furnishes proof of the correctness of such construction. This law was passed March 1, 1873, and is entitled, "An net to carry into effect the treaty between the United States and (treat Britain signed in the city of Washington the 8 thday of May, 1871, relating to the fisheries," After providing in its first and second sec tious for putting into operation articles 18 to 35, inclusive, ami article 39 of the treaty, the third section is devoted to article 39, as follows: "Bection A That from the dale of the president's proclamation authorized hy the first long äh the nrticleci IS to 35, inclusive, and article U 0 of naid li'waty nhull remain in for«*« ac cording to the terms and conditions of article US of said treaty, all good*, waren and merchandise arriving, etc., etc.," following in the remainder of the section the precise words of the stipulation oil the port of the United Stales ns contained in article 39, whish I have already fully quoted, Here, then, is a distinct enactment of the congres» limiting the duration of this article of treaty to the time that article» 18 to 3ft, in elusive, and article 3J should eoatlnue in fore»; that in fixing such limitation it but gave the meaning of tlie treaty iWwlf is ra dicated by the fact that its purpose is but to carry hit*, sffeet 11.e provisions of Mis treaty, and by tbe further fact that »ids low apt»«rs to have been rabmirte 1 In-foro the praiuulga lion of the treaty to certain member« ol vb. joint high commission reprsHentmg both countries and met with no objection. There appearing U> lie no conflict er in consistency between the treaty and the act of the congress last cited, it * not uec >iary to invoke tlie well settled principle that in ! oaso of such ouullict U.e statute governs tlie } question. ■tion of Ibis act, and any event, and whether law construes tbe treaty or governs it, section 39 # , .. . .. . . . of euch treaty, 1 liuvr no doubt, WrininnUHi with the proceed ing« taken by our govern mint t» i.miutS^articles 18 to 83, Inclusive, end art eu 30 of Uio treat}. I bone procead ing. 1:» i'heir inception in a Joint resolution ol iv.i v re», passed May 3, IK83, declariiig that iu the j.idg,of .Magre* Utete nr tlelea ought to tw terminated, and directing the president 1 0 give notice to the govern mont of Great Hi -te n p ovUleil for in article 33 of tho treaty. Hiu U notice having Iwen given two yours prior to tho 1st day ol ^ . 18 f • th * m-ntloneil were ab »riutoly terminated on tho last named d;ty, , and with them article 39 was.also terminated, j ^ by auy language Uci it) t.:*; joiil rcso* | ! lutionlt wai intende l l> i\*Ueve Motion T of tlie net of 1873, embody l.»g article 3J of j tho Iraaty from ite own limitations, or to ÄÄÄÄ'i* 4 ' i bhttt the munition mUoairied. " of] Canada th* valuable privil -gre of transit for tUvir good* from our ports and over our soil, which hud been passed pi ior to tho inak iug of the treaty of 1871, and indujwn-teaUy 0 f re i Ua lnod in force; and evir since the abrogation of ths treaty, and notwitbstaud "« tha of to l^mtt our fi s l*°rmen to aertd their tlsh to ibuir home market through her territory in boud, the people of that Dominion havo enjoyed with out diminution the advantagos ot our liberal and generous lawa WMhout lliud "« our complaint upon any ** ^* W i fbeleas true that siroh refusal of transit, ami the other injurious sots which have been re cited, constitute s provoking insistent« upon rights neither mitigated hy the amenities of national intercourse nor modified by tin recognition of our liberality and generou* consideration. The history of event* connected with thi« subject makes it manifest that the Canadian government can, if so disposed, ndministui it« laws and protect the interest» of its peoph without manifestation of unfriandlintm une without the unaeighborly treatment of oui fishing vessels of which wo havo justly com plained; and whatever is done on our pari should be dona in the hope that the disposi tion of tha Canadian government may re movo tho occasion of a roe-irt to addition!*.' executive power, now sought through legi» latlvoaction, 1 am satisfied that upon tho principle» which shou.d govern retaliation our inter course ami relation* with tho Dominion of Canada furnish no better opportunity for it* application than is suggested by tho condi tions herein presented; and that it could uol be more effoctively inaugurated than uadet Uio power of suspension recommended. it* early removal will be recognized, 1 desire also to call tho attention of the congress to another subject involving such wrongs and unfair treatment to our citizens as, in my opinion, require prompt action, The navigation of the great lakes, and th* immense business and carrying Wade grow ing out of the same, have been treated broadly and hborally by the United State* government, and made free to ail mankind, while Canadian railroads and navigation companies share in our country's transporta tion upon terms as favorable as are accorded to our own citizens. The cauals and other public works, built and miiutained by tbe government along th« Hue of the lakes, are made free to all. In contrast to this condition, and evincing a narrow and ungenerous commercial spirit, «very lock and canal which is a public work of the Dominion of Canada is subject to tolle emd charges, By article 37 of the treaty of 1871 pro vision was made to secure to tho citizens ol the United States tbe use ot the Welland, Lawrence and other canals in tho Dominion of Canada on terms of equality with the in habitant* of the Doi lion, and to also secure to the subjects ot *reat Britain the use of the St. Clair Fiats canal on terras of equality with the inhabitants of tbe United States. Tbe equality with the inhabitants of ths Dominion whleh we were promised in th« use of tbe cansis of Cavmda did not sseur» While X have expressed my clear conviction upon tlie question of the continuance ol section 39 of the treaty of 1871, I of cours* fully concede the power and tho duty of lb* congress, iu contemplating legislative action, to construe tho terms of any treaty stipula tion which might, upon any possible consid eration uf good faitb, limit such action; and likewise the peculiar propriety in tbe ca« hero presented uf it* interpretation of it: own language, os contained iu the laws ut 1873, putting in operation said treaty, aud ol 1883, directing the termination thereof ; and if in tho deliberate judgment of congres» any restraint to tbe proposed legislation ex ists, it is to tie hope*! that tbe expediency oi to US freedom Crom tolls iu their navigatUrn, i >ut we hB(l a r | Kht to oïpeot timt w*, being Americans and interested in American com „terce, would be no more burdened in regard to the same than Canadians engaged in their own trade ; and the whole spirit of the con cession made was, or should have been, that merchandise or property transported to an American market through three canals ^louki not I» enhanced in its coat by tolls muny times higher than such ns were carried to an adjoining Canadian markst. All oar citizens, producers and consumers, as well as vessel owners, wore to enjoy the equality promised. And yet evidence has tor some lime lieen before the e-uigrew*, furnished by the secre tary of the treasury, showing that while the tolls charged iu the first Instance are the same to all, such vessels and cargoes as are destined to certain Canadian porta are al lowed a refund of nearly the entire tolls, while those bound for American ports are not allowed any such advantage. To promise equality, and then in practice make it conditional upon our vessels doing Canadian business instead of Ibeir own, is to fulfil a promise with the shadow of per formance. I recommend that such legislative action bo taken as will give Canadian vessels navigating our canals, and their cargoes, precisely the advantages grantod to our vessels amt cargoes upon Canadian canals, mid that the same be measured by exactly the same rule of ihscrimination. The course which 1 bave outlined and the recommendations made relate to the honor aud dignity of our country and tho protec tion and prosorvaSio:i of tlie rights and in terests at all our jvaiple. A government does Imt half it« duty when it protect« its citizens at home and permits them to be im posed upon ami humiliated by tho unfair and over reaching disposition of other nations. If we invite our people to rely upon ar rangements mo «hi for their benefit abroad we should see toit that they are not deceived, and if we are generous and liberal to a neigh)Hiring rouulry our people should reap tho advantage of it by a return of liberality and generosity. These are subjects which partisanship should nut disturb or confine. Lit us sur vey tho ground calmly and moderately, and, having put. n*h|e other means of settlement, if wo enter upon tho policy of retaliation lot us pursue it firmly, with a determination only to subserve the interests of our people, and maintain tho high standard and tlie be coming pride of American citizenship. GilOVKIl CLEVKUAMl. Executive Mansion, Aug. 23, 1888. 0 ul In rounds of applause. Tho document referred to the committee on foreign affairs, Mr. UoCreery, of Kentucky, «curing C lisent to rep .ft from that com niiltco on the sulijcct at any tlnio. Mr, WiUoa, of MiniitwoU, immediately offered the following bill, which «si inferred to tho committee on foreign attain: ,-*• r -*>««. w— effectually to carry out tho parpoms of an act, to aiitborizi tho presijont to protect and Be it enacted, etc., that whenever tho president may deem it his duty io eaarcUo nn y 0 f the pc»wers given to him by an act en titled an act to protect and defend the rights of American fishing vessels, etc., it shall be for tl * e P rwri,l « f,,t - 1,1 W» discretion, by pruclamatiou to that effect, to suspend, in whole or in part, tho transportation of goods, wares or merchandise imported or exported from any foreign country except Canada in bond and wl l bout tho (wymeut of duty to or from tho British dominions in North America across the territory of tbe United States. Section a Whenever the president shall (*. latisfisd that there is any discrimination whatever in tho use of tbe Welland canal, t (j f , Lawrence river canals, the Cbambly canal, or either of thorn, whether by tolls, drawbacks, refund of tolls or otherwise! which is or iiinybodolrimi-iitaltotliointor estsof the United .Status, or any of Us oiti [t shall be lawful for tho president, In j discretion, to issus a proclamation to j runt effect, whereupon there shall bo col | lectod a toll of twenty cent« a ton upon , every foreign vessel and her cargo passing through either the Bautt Bte Marie canal or The Committee'll Programme, BOSTON, Aug. 34.—Tbe immigration in vertigation committee has arrived in Boston, ul j has begun lo gather evidence as to vio jetions of the contract tabor taw by firms here, but will hold no formal hearing until Monday. After three days' bearing tbe | committee will suspend work until after] I election, When they will go to San Francisco j , n d look into the Chines» question. THE HOUSE RESPONDS. A Hill Wtiirh (irikiitii tlie Frmidrot'i )U'qnpnt Inlrmliicfd nml Il«*f<*rr«»d. Washington, A hr. "4 —In tho mi*Ut of routine bimme** tbe apeaker laid before tbe house a triesmpre from tbe president *on tbe tubjeot of the fltberiea. The reading of the vneaiago claimed ibo attention from members on l»oth sides of tlie bouse, nnd when it was flniehed tho Democrat« broke defend tho right*of American fishing vessels, American fishermen, American trading And other vessels in certain cases, and for other pnrpoms, approved March *5, 1H87, and to tiuthorizo tho president to protect American intercut« against unjust discrimination in tbe use of canal* in tbe British dominion* of ! North America. I Mie Ht. Clair flats canal, and the secretary of tho treasury may authorize and direct any of the customs officers to collect tho tolls levied under this act The president, when satisfied that such discrimination has ceased, may issus bis proclamation to that effect, in bis discretion, whereuiioathe toils authorized by this act shall no longer be collected. Section 3. The secretary of the treasury is authorized to make any regulations need ful to carry this not into effect The Renste Refused to Hear the Message Washinqton, Aug. '.'A—Tho immediate adjournment of the senate on receipt of tho president's mca*ago on the fisheries, was tho main Incident of tbe day. Mr. Prüden, ono of the president's secretaries, up]>oar*vt and delivered "a message iu writing" from the president to the senate. It was a duplicate of tbe message relating to the fisheries sub sequently delivered and road in the house. Mr. Wilson, as soon os the message was announced, yielded to Mr. Edmunds, who moved an adjournment. Mr. Morgan suggested that the /rodent's message was important and should be read. Mr. Edmunds remarked that it could wait, and Mr. Morgad asked for a y eg» and nay on tho motion to adjourn. The vote resulted: Yens, 33; nays, 30—a strict party vote, tbe Republicans voting for adjournment, su the senate adjourned. Eighteen Fenton. Killed. Nixxaii, Wta, Aug. U .—The large paper mill owned by George Whiting, situated on the island between this city and Metiasha, was burned, and while the burning structure was surrounded by a crowd of spectators the battery of boilers exploded. Tbe roof and tbe wails were thrown outward, sending a shower ot bricks aud timbers among the spectators. Eighteen persons were killed, seven fatally injured and a number less seriously hurt, several of whom may die. Sixteen New Cases of Yellow Fever at Jacksonville. HOPE IS NOT YET ABANDONED. The mutation Is Not So Bad as was Ex il and Iifot«d—Dealing With n Fli Now—Prompt Report« and Unremll ilng KfTurta to Stamp Out the PUeaw. JapksonviIzLK, Fla., Aug. 34.—There 1» no Kign of the abatement of yellow fever. Following is the official bulletin for twenty four hour«: New 16; death*, 2; und«* tr**etnrwMit, 4*; tot« nmntMM- i)f to dato, K 0 ; total number uf tirai lis U» dale, 10. (Signed] Nr,*i. M ITC muz- M. P , President Duval County IV*urd of Health. The rc[H>rt beats all previous records. TU« eases are all promptly reporSad now, which is one reason why so many appear. This makes a tolal of fifty-nine caeua I« tin* city up to noon, and eleven deaths, with six oases at Greenland and two deaths. The Grand Union hotel lias been ordered closed, and the inmates will he remove*! to the Baud Hills, The dismay among the refugees on the south side of the river, living in the woods, was very great on hearing of the cos 1 » near them. There are hundreds of families camping out alt around the city, and the physicians express some fear of sickness among them, tors are rather under the weather. Wakefield, Stout and Wiggintou wore ro (sirtod as being 111 , but the nature of tboif sickness bas not been ascertained. The *1*0 Drm. Notwithstanding the large cases no li<>|><di*sk>*s is felt. It was expected that the number would bo even larger than It is, and their slow development has encour aged the people hero, if anything. Kifty nino cases, with only eleven deaths, in nearly Ihr i-o weeks, isn't such a terrible record aftes nil. Seven of these fatal results are attrib uted to tlie irregular habits of the * ictiaM and one other to the greatly enfeebled con dition of the patient by previous siokneea Every effort is still being pushed to sunup oiA the source. The hospital service is now superb, St. Luke's having lieen added Ui the list. Dr. Fernandes, with Dr. Htollenwercb as assistant, now has charge there, ten. of Mercy have nobly volunteered os nurses for the female patients, and other« have Isen telegraphed for. They will alsc nun-n female patients at the Band Hills, liras is still freely used, and a large fresh supply of bichloride of mercury ha.. Us* received. All patients and suspects are ip» a ted at once and guards placed around tbs house, while Diiu yellow emblem warns off all in' ruder*. A quarantine has been declared agaioM south Florida ports. Tha Sj* Th« House Disagrees. WAC-niHiiTON, Aug. 34.—The bouse lias «Unau; rood to tlie o nferenm renort on the army appropria ti o n bill, and hue ordered another conference. CONDENSED NEWS. Judge ^hunpun spout a quiet day at P.ir» UuiTfl and hail a long fata by wire with parly lenders in Washington nud New York. This morning ho left fur Chicago and will arrive there this evening, making several speeches on the way. General Manager Bione, of the Burlington rood, who ia fooling along tho Mas>acbueetfci coed., was teen by a reporter and ompbatiF rally denied tbe story that be has been d» posed. Burglar* got away with $500 worth of clothing from the store of A. G. Petemuii tSi Co., of Jamestown, N. Y. H. U. Post, member of the Now York Pr<v ducre Exchange, who failed tbe other day, has settled with his créditai*« dollar fo* dollar. The Cedar Hill AVcolon mill», nt Du llpy, Di'lawai'B I'ouutr, Fa., wore luirne*!. Uim, $80,000, The employ«« tscapod with diffi culty. Through the carelessness of the engineer • wild engine collided w ith an Ohio Csotirnl passenger tram, and the fireman uf tbs paNsengor engine was killed, tbe tmginees badly injured and several passengers alas injured. Bait; have already been instituted aggregating $35,000. J. F. Tupley's book binding establishment^ in loifayolto place. Now York, w,*» burned, causing a lo ss of $15,000. A great throng nt Home, N. Y., greeted Governor Hill as ho was passing through on a train. Ho made a brad speech, and told them lie would visit Uome.before tho cam. paign is over. Gen. Harrison's first day at M iddle Bass was one ot complete rest nnd quiet enjoy* mont. Ho is accessible to all, but politics arc lonqiorarily tabooed. Bangor had a great Il-publicon demonstr» tion, and James G. Blaine was the chiel speaker, followed by Hon. George B. Liringv of Maaoichusotts; Dr. Deane, of Kaunas, ana C. A. Bauteile. Mr. Blaine's reception wo» uf tbe usual order, and 0,000 people shouted for him. Tho Reform club of Rhode Island was or* ganlzed at a meeting of about tbirty promi nent gentlemen, at Providence, repi eseutisa both portion, and leading commercial and manufacturing concerns. It* object is te promote good government, and one uf its aims to this end is "*be revision of the tariff by reduction or abrogation of so caiied pro tective taxes." Prince Wilkes defeated Clingstone thro« straight heals ia Chicago. Best time, 3:10. Train No. 5 on the Pittsburg and Con coll* ville division of the Baltimore and Ghict consisting ot fift-en coaches, wall filled, reached Pittsburg forty-eight hours lats^ owing to the floods. Travel is now full) resumed. Tho three supposed counterfeiters arrested at Denver turned out to be confidence men. The senate has passed the bill appropria* ing an additional $300,000 to be used by U;< president, in bis discretion, to prevent tbs spread of yellow (ever and cholera. Th« emergency epidemic fund at tbe disposi tioa of the president will, therefore be $ 3 oO,MM^ for there can be no question that tbe house will pass this bill. Tbe Boston Herald has received simitaa sets of articles from John Teenier and Wil liam O'Connnor for a tiireo mile scniliug matsh to be rowed Sept. 39. on Ouoim' iga o* Chatauqua take. James Keenan says be will not bock Teemer unless tbe race is rowed at Worcester, Mass. Tbe City of Chester disaster was not as bad os reported, though bod enough. AM but thirteen passengers have been accounted for. At the eleventh annual dinner at Sondas» son academy, AshficM, Maas., George Wu*. Curtis, Bishop Fellows, of Chicago, 1 ieor-g* W. Cable, Rev. J. W. Chadwick, Prutadsel äeelye, of Smith coJ.'*ge, an 1 others spoka* There is much agitation among the work, men of Central Belgium, and a general strike is expected.