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Evening journal. [volume] (Wilmington, Del.) 1888-1932, August 05, 1890, Image 2

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«^DEMOCRATICDAILY NEWSPAPER
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PUBLISHERS.
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Metered at the Wilmington post offlee aa
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TUESDAY. AUGUST 5
J8BO.
DEMOCRATIC NOMINEES
fob sheriff,
PURNAL J. LYNCH.
FOR CORONER,
JOSEPH II. KIRK.
There is no question that all good
people aud the Evening Journal up
hold the laws governing the Sabbath
day. But we are firmly convinced that
the annual encampments need not be abol
lehed to prevent the desecration of the
We are sure t hat Bishop Cole
does not contemplate that result yet
Sabbath.
nan
tho enemies of the N. G. D. will nse his
letter to accomplish that purpose.
The Kennett Advance says:
People who have been wondering what
bas been keeping Brother Blaine so quiet
for a year or two, have discovered that
be baa been thinking.
When tha Ides of November ahall
have thrown the Republican party ont of
control of Congress It will be evident
that the people have been thinking that
taxation does not produce wealth ; that a
restricted trade ia not the best trade ;
that to get trade we must give trade;
that reciprocity it only fnirneaa, justice,
and a natutal law of trade.
In another column will be found tha
colloquy between Senator Carlisle and
Senators Hlscock, Dawes and Aldrtob
on the tariff, in which Senator Carlisle
demolished some of tha pet theories of
the protectionists. (Senator Carlisle met
and repelled all tbelr assaults and showed
that ha waa not only thoroughly
familiar with all the details of the ques
tions at issue, but that he is able to
enter the larger field of polities! economy
amd give reasons, facts and figures for
bis belief. This colloquy contains ths
Arguments for a lowsr tariff and shows
the false data on which ths pleas for
an increased tariff are baaed. It
is one of tha most notabls
and admirable speeches against the In
iquitous tariff laws ever delivered. It
was extemporaneous. No other man In tha
United States oonld have withstood the
puzzling questions of these three able
attorneys for the protected Interests.
Mr. Carlisle floored all tbree of the Sena
tors.
Rhcoumending and advising the
leaders of the Bepnblican party in Con
gress to pass the Force bill, tbo George
town Bepnblican says, that sensible men
oppose it ;
Because they think it will eliminate
the obnoxious assessment law of this
■täte, which Tom Baysrd had 'passed, to
defraud Republicans of their rights u
citizens of Delaware.
• J5uch writing as that indicate» the
state to which Bepubllean political
writing ha.a descended. Mr. Bayard ia
s» statesman of national repntatian. He
is too honest to be suspected even of
doing anything to defraud or to cheat at
the polls or anywhere. His record is the
record of an honest, upright, honorable,
__ ^ble tfid distinguished man, whose
character, attainments and reputation
Bave given him the second position
in Importance under ose of the most
honorable and 'useful administrations
this country ever had. Mr, Bayard has
been suggested for the Presidency. He
wonld fill the Presidential chair. There
are no laws in Delaware to 'defraud any
body of hie vote or his rights. The man
who has not sen so enough to pay his
taxes chooses this own position as an
outlaw aud an Ignoramus who by bis own
admission and fault Is not fit to vote
la view of these facts, we submit that
this Georgetown paper lowers itself—no
natter bow impossible that may seem—
by such writing at the above. It is as
sisting in debasing the influence ef jour
nalism. Even Bepnblican pelitlcs should
not demand such writing as tba above.
The Delaware City News says:
Then why delay the all important ques
tion, "How to reduce taxation?" The
way is clear. Reduce tha Levy Court,
reduce their power, and yon will reduce
•nr county taxes.
That proposition is net Intelligible,
logical or true. Taxes looal and national
should always be kept at a minimum rate
—the people should not be compelled to
pay more than is necessary to support
tha G>vernmant economically adminis
tered . That ia one of the propositions
which
this system ef
founded. It was
into existence to resist nn
npon
government was
called
just taxation, Ths Republican party of
to-day which upholds the tariff robbery
is the legitimst« successor of the Tories
who attempted to keep this country under
the English yoke. But it will require
scientific and rational treatment to reduce
taxation. In local affairs there Is no
burdensome taxation—the rate la lew
and its need and nses are apparent. No
robbery is charged aud the county has
the credit aud assets of a well-managed
financial concern. The only just com
plaint «gainst the Levy Court is that it
ie an old system. The statement tb\t
decrease in the number oi *ierv O ;rt
men will decrease tbeir
B
jb
iiaess
juuubsr of Levy Court men would reduce
Tiously a mistake, since ,t.
must be doue sud if done by a less
number will give each man of the Court
mote power than if done by a greater
number. There is no guarantee th&t a less
taxation, quicker or better than a larger
number. It is not the quantity of
officers, but their quality, which is ail
important. The Democrats bave pro
posed to suggest reform in the system
■»f county 'gov îrnmeut, but they will
suggest reform y which will reform. A
change is not always a reform.
KEEP COOL, BE LOYAL
Some interested politicians in Kent
oonn'-y are trying to dietnrb the Demo
cratic party of Delaware and of the uni
verse, by working off their own nurpism
calorio. Some of them are in such a
state of excitement that they imagine
the world is agitated with the political
furor which fills their breasts.
They are mistaken. There ie a per
fectly serene harmony in the Démocratie
party and the convention at Dover to
nominate a Governor and a member of
Congress will show this conclusively.
There will be some discussion of the re
spective merits of the different candi
dates, but there will not be any bones
broken.
The candidates chosen will be Demo
crats and all that Democracy signifies.
They will bo able, honest and patriotic.
They will bo men in whom the majority
of Democrats have the fullest trust aud
greatest confidence.
The man who object s to them will bo a
man actuated by the lowest, meanest
aud most selfish motives which can move
the traitor's heart. Ho will have no
reason for objecting to tbo decision of
the majority of the convention, no cause
to rebel against it, aud will show a lack
of sense and honor in doing so.
There are ««mo men who have threat
ened to do this. Their threats have
been discounted as the threats of a bully
are discounted. Threats do not deter
loyal, true and brave men from doing
right. That is all that tho delegates at
Dover can bo expected to do. They are
to meet to discuss tho merits of the can
didates, Incidentally, bnt really te an
nounce the principles of the Democratic
party and state their application to local
affairs.
This is a contest of principles, not of
men. Any man who is intelligent,honest
and capable, can assert them. No other
than that sort of a man has been men
tioned. Hence ws are sore to have the
right sort of a candidate, no matter what
bis name ia.
The man who cannot snpport that
candidate on a Democratic platform,
represeutlng the glorious principles of
the Democrat In this crisis Is not a
Democrat, not a man worthy of any con
sidération on any account. He le ac
tuated by motives which are not recog
ntzed among honorable men.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLB
BUhep Coleman Explains.
To the Editor of tho Ev satso JoOTtoAL.
Sin. It Is with no desire simply to
justify Myself, but in the interests of
fairness, that I trouble you with u fow
lines in reply to your editorial comments
on my letter, which appeared In your
columns on Saturday last. Yon say that
I made the mistake of associating the
desecration "complained of with the
authorities of Camp Biggs." By refer
ring to my letter yon will see that I ex
plicitly etated that It wae in "connection
with tha camping of our soldiers at
Brandywine Springs," and as explicitly
that I did not know who wag responsi
ble. For the wrong placing of implica
tions—to quote one other point in your
artiele—yon must not hold me account
able. I am responsible—aud quite ready
to assume all that this fairly Implies—
for the allegations contained la my let
ter, which I feel all the more warrant
able by testimony which has come to my
knowledge since the date of my former
correspondence.
Lkiouton Coleman,
- SUhopstead, Wilmington, August 6,
1890.
[The objection to Bishop Coleman's
latter wasnot so much for what It said as
th* logical Inference that tho annual en
campment of the N.Q. D , wts In danger of
abolition because of the evils which were
entirely within the control of the civil
authorities. The offlcers,of Camp Biggs
are not to blame, though Bishop Cole
man's letter will be need by the enemies
of the National Guard of Delaware and
General Kenney's critics.]— Editor.
Civil Statutes, or Sabbatb Suiotatlao.
To the Editor ef tho Evemnu Jovksal,
Bib: As an interested observer of
current events. It occurs to me to ask
whether Bishop Coleman gives the
precedence 'of consideration to the dese
cration ef tue Lord's day as such, or to
disobedience to the civil statutes, in his
recent indictment against Camp Biggs,
et al. The bishop Is, and ought to bs.
by virtue of bis office, interested
in tha proper observance of Sunday. But
it la the eivll law that has made buying
and selling, ete., on the first day of the
weak, oommonly called Sunday, offence»
and misdemeanors. There are many
parsons in the land and la this state
who, whatever they mar think about
business transactions on Saturday, have
no moral scruples about buying and
selling goeds ou Sunday. To them there
was no infraction of moral obligations In
the acts to which the bishop takes ex
ception. As a bishop and as a law abid
ing citizen also, be is justified In protest
ing against any wanton violation of estab
lished.law.(But if no moral law is broken
and enly a civil enactment Infringed
does .the bishop do well as a bishop to
lead off, through the newspapers,In such
an attack as he has made? Moral dese
cration of a day, cannot be predicated of
the violation of a civil statute, except
it be indisputable that the civil statue is
In precise harmony with th» moral
M.«IU»to»kallaaI«in la the Oozb.af lue
»Uy.
Editor of tha Evening JenrnaL
The baneful effects that would follow
tbo passage of the McKinley Tariff bill,
the Insidious and nefarious depth of the
Silver bill, the mom making patent
right of subsidies, and tho glsrieg raid
npon the United States Treasury by
awarding pensions to hundreds of people
who were never disabled or served in the
war of '61, are all vicions schemas that
strike at the tap-root of a civil
ment.
govern
- They are «11, however, harmless
to shake tue foundation «tone of the
Constitution of tha A mens \ Nation.
They are al
in their der
i to enrich *
H.beleaa '
uisticsl
•oducer
l>- 4 Li
is u. ehe voloe of the
Fed*. >t Force bill,If carried
i . .
peop.
Into effort, would paralyze the voice of
the people.uutll restored by a revolution.
It is to be hoped
to American liberty, with their Mephls
tophellan leader, will not accomplish this
' design, 1 (or eue believe Uir.t tbete is
vis
Tl
that the Judas Iscariots
enough genuine old-stock American senti
meat left to nounteract this scheme, which
could only bo engendered bv|the incarnate
f-pitit of the Devil.
Wilmington, August 5, 1890.
RELIGION AND POLITICS AT CAMDEN.
W.
Nearly B,C4»(t People There - John B.
Nicholson Be.i.—Another Bark Burse.
Special Correspondence Evening Joühnxl.
Dovsb, August 6 .— The attendance at
the Camden camp was, of course, not
what it was on Sunday, bet taking day
and evening together it reached nearly
Watson
In the after
Dr.
5,000, nevertheless,
preached iu tho morning.
Bishop Taylor told of his
noon
experience iu Afriaa. and gave an inter
esting history of church work there,
to an audience of nearly 3,000. An lu
tereating holiness meeting followed iu
the afternoon, at which several were
converted. In tho evening a revival
meeting, well attended, was held aud
again there weie many at the altar.
Out on the edge of the camp, as nsnal,
politics held away, and Kent county
leaders were there In force
At a meeting to be held to morrow
night a list of Peunewill delegates will
be named for the Second or Western dis
trict of East Dover hundred. Claim is
made that the list already published, us
Fenuewlll or Reynolds delegates, was
never officially made. In the meantime
the Baulsbary ticket made last Thurs
day night still stands. A good
deal of canvassing Is beiug done as to
whom the mantle now undisputedly
worn by Robert J. Reynolds would drop
to in tbo event of Robert J's throwing it
off ia convention.
That Is the mantle
which marks the man aa the choice of
Kent county, and but two names are
mentioned Those of Daniel M. Ridgely
aud John U Nicholson. Daniel M has
been spoken of in this correspondence
aad John K. Nicholson, as ia well
known, is to-day, oae of tho most bril
liant men at the bar in the state, except
ing none. A thorough scholar, widely
traveled, descended from the very heart
of the rare old oaken pioneers who first
settled Delaware, he can trace back in his
family the many men who have swaytd
the destinies of this little state in the
days of her early history. Tho guberna
torial chair of Delaware has held many
itlaatrlons men but it is safe to say that
It would loss none of its dignity while
John R. Nicholson occupied It.
There is no Intimation as yet that
Robert J. Reynolds even intends to hand
the gift over to any one else. 'Mid «11
the bluster that certainly does exist, he
pursues ths even tenor of his way, and
many knowing ones will be surprised if
next Saturday's primaries ) do not
give him the majority of Kent's
delegates. But it is la ths
event of his desiring himself to abdi
cate on the day of tha convention, that
John 8. Nicholson, Esq , is named with
Daniel M. Ridgely to show te tha state
that old Kant has much excellent gnber
uatorlai timber to select from.
T M. Thomas, a prominent and
wealthy citizen of Dover, bad his arm
broken yesterday by slipping from a pila
of wood in his yard.
The little boy whose skull was factured
on Sunday, as .stated in tho Evening
Jour» a I,, is progressing very favorably.
Miss May Thompson is visiting la Phil
adelphia and Atlantic City.
Professor William Smith formerly of
Dover,Miss Nan Wentz,and John Bailey,
all of; Philadelphia, are here attending
camp.
Captain ' 'Bob" Simmons brought the
Cooper Guards home last night from
Camp Biggs, all looking brenzed and
healthy, and all speaking in the highest
terms of their camping experiences.
terms of their camping experiences.
PERSONAL AND SOCIEIY NOTES.
▼Uillng I Hammer Beiorta-toestlug» of
City Ooanoll and Trust««« at Comm««.
Nrw Castle, Del., August 5 —James
R. Biggs and wife, Mrs. Thomas
Frazer aud daughter, G. A Smith and
wife, E. W. Hagle, Miss Mary King,
and many other New Castle people left
here for Ocean Greva. N. J., yesterday for
a fortnight's sojourn.
A large number of Ntw Castle people
will visit Brandywine Summit camp
meeting on Sunday next and all of the
available conveyances are being char
tered for that purpose. About 156 peo
ple from this city vUited tha camp last
year.
The Choral Society has discontinued
Its meetings until October.
The new military band will held Its
first rehearsal this evening
Bev W. Allen Wise and wife leave
to-day for a visit to friends at Bed Lion.
Miss Susie Sherwood left for Camden
camp to-day, to be gone about a week.
Captain P. •. Madden was badly hurt,
by being strnek in ths faco by a base ball
while practicing, last evening.
The Board of Trustees of the New
Castle Common and City Council will
meet In regular monthly session to
night.
The New Catlie Base Ball Clnb will
hold a special meeting this evening. The
club will go to Clayton or Thurlow on
PENINSULA NEWS PARAGRAPHS.
Burglars are at work around Snow
Hill, Md.
It Is said that 4,600 people attended
Wye camp Sunday.
An Odd Fellows' Lodge has been in
stitnted at Brldgeville.
The Odd Fellows of Reaford are having
a handsome ball erected.
John Brown, u well-known Cecil
county farmer, Is dead. Ho was GO years
old.
Bees manufactured 190 pound» of
honey in the Odessa Presbyterian
Ckuroh.
The Presbytertau Sunday school of St.
Georges will picnic ut Augustine Pier to
morrow.
Another eamp of Sons of Veterans has
been organized in this city and Is now
awaiting Its charter.
Mrs. Jane MeQullkln, of Elkton, died
on Sunday from the effects ef an attack
of La,Grippa 1 Bba was 74 years old.
James 8. Harris of Still Pond, Md.,
has received as high as $1 per basket for
peaches in the Baltimore market this
season.
«
The annual Asset «ague Island, Va:,
pony penning will take place on August
11, and the Chincoteague Island pony
penning on August 13.
The affairs of J. B. Tygert * Company
will be placed Id the bands of an assignee.
The creditors of the company met in
Philadelphia yesterday aud decided upon
this step.
Frank Major a former resident of Cecil
county, Md., was killed at ejworthmore,
Pa., Saturday. He fell from a loaded
hay wagon, and was crashed to death
beneath the wheels.
Among the Peninsula people who par
teo 1 '.o reception of President
. the Btockton Hotel, Cape
... ,v-aterday afternoon, were; Judge
Armstrong, F. B, Glbney and Dr. Dor
rlekson.
tlcipa
i'
partaient 1er ewe tine.
The head of the upsetting machine in
the hydraalic shop of the F.dge Mcor
Bridge Works blew off yesterday morn
ing, entailing a loss of several hundred
dollars and delaying work ia thatde
A GREAT DEBATE.
MR. CARLISLE BOUTS THREE SENA
TORS.
Taken Unaware« In Debate on the Tariff,
Senator Carlisle Answers the ljuest ion«,
witbitaml» the Attacks of Teree Wily
Senators und Makes a Great Speech.
Mr. Hlseock—Now, right in that con
traction I desire to ask the Senator from
Kentucky this question: One year we
imported 12,600 bushels ef potatoes
with a duty of 15 cents a bushel. Does
the Senator tell ma that 13 cents a bushel
was added to the American crop in what
It sold for In the market?)! f tha Senator's
abatement is «orrect every bushel of
potatoes that waa consumed In the
United States coat tho consumer 13 cents
a bushel more because of that dnty.
Mr. Carlisle—Yes, sir; 1 say that
If 12,BOO bushel» of potatoes were
brought from tbo Dotnlnioa of Canada
lute the United States and sold In a par
ticular market on the American border,
American potatoes being sold
there at the same time, the American
potatoes brought 15 cents a bushel more
than they would have brought If the duty
had not been placed npon the Canadian
article, but it does not help tbo price of
American potatoes at uny other place. It
is only in that particniar market whore
these things are being sold, aud where—
as 1 have conceded frequently in discus
sions upon this subject—the imposition
npon agricultural products may assist the
farmers to a certain extent, for a certain
period of time, in particular localities,
ye» the general effect upon the whole
American market ou those products
amounts to nothing whatever.
The price, In other words, of potatoes
along the border of New York near the
Canadian line, which may be rai ad tem
porarily during a period of scarcity by
the Imposition of 15 cents a bushel npon
Canadian potatoes and by the Importation
of those potatoes aud their sale in that
market, does not affect the price of pota
toes la Iowa or Michigan or Kentucky,
but only in that market where they are
beiug sold aud where a temporary scarcity
exists.
Bat I wish to say further npon this
subject of potatoes that they arc scarcely
ever imported except daring the period
of great scarcity, when the domestic
product has been exhausted aud the
American producer has no more to sell.
Mr. Aldrioh.—We Imported last year
nearly 800,000 pounds of bison aud bams,
which paid a duty of 3 cents a pound.
Now, was the entire American product
increased in vaine S cents a pound by
that Importation?
Mr. Carlisle— Not at all.
Mr. Aldrich—Why not?
Mr. Carlisle—They were bacon and
hams, which do not come Into competi
tion with oura at all, beeuase they were
of an entirely different character—West
phalia hams aud other species of bacon,
which onr people desire to proenre and
which they cannot proenre at home, just
aa we Import Bohemian, Bavarian, and
other beer from abroad, notwithstanding
the whole country Is flooded almost with
beer.
Mr. Aldrioh-—The next item in the
agricultural schedule is beef,mutton,and
pork. Wo Imported a large amount of
jeaf, mutton and pork which paid a duty.
Mr. Carlisle—Avast amount?
Mr. Aldrioh—I said a large .amount—
300,0(0 pounds. Did that raise the price
ot beef, mnlton aud pork, or was there
no competition?
Mr. Carlisle—I make tha same answer
to that that I made before, that if the
beef, mutton and pork were brought into
this country to supply an actual demand,
and were of tha same kind aa that which
we produce ourselves, aad were sold in
oompetlou with them, then in that mar
ket they bad the same effect npon tho
price, bnt not upon tha general markets
of the country.
Mr. Aldrich—Why does net that rule
apply to all the other artiales in the tariff
aobadnlea?
Mr. Carlisle—It does. Bnt your Im
ported woolen goods, yonr Imported cot
ton goods, yonr Imported iron and steel,
aud a (hundred other articles I might
mention, enter into all the other markets
of this conatry, and all over this country
they ara being sold in competition with
the American product.
Mr. Aldrich—Does the Senator from
Kentucky mean seriously to say that
beef might be imported into the city of
New York and put up the price a cent a
pound and not affect the price anywhere
else?
Mr. Carlisle—If Imported in sufficient
quantities it would affect the price, but
the Insignificant amonnt of tiOt.OOO
pounds of beef, mnlton and perk, cover
lag in entire period of twelve months,
does not affest the price of those articles
to any extent whatever, in my judg
ment.
ment.
Now,I shenld like to ask the Senator a
question. He contends that the inevitable
effect of the Imposition of a high rate of
duty upon imported goods is to bring
down the price of the goods. Doss bethink
he can convince the wool growers of the
country that a duty of 50 per cent, npon
wool will Increase the price ef that pro
duct, while a duty of 100 per cent, upon
his clothing will reduce the price of that
article?
Does ha think that be can convince the
farmers of the o*nntry that a duty of 95
cents a bushel upon Imported wheat,
which amounts substantially to nothing,
will increase ths pries of that article,
while a duty of 40 or 50 per cent, npon
his cotton and linen clothing will reduce
the price ot that? TbU rale must work
either one way or tha other. If ths affect
of ths imposition of a duty npon im
ported goods is to reduce the price either
immediately or in a series of years In one
ease, it wsol have the same effect In the
other.
If by imposing a duty of 44 cents a
pound, aa the bill proposes, npon certain
grades ot woolen goods, and 50 or
GO per cent. ad valorem besides, yon ex
pect to rednoe the price of tha clothing
of the people, how is it possible that yen
eau impose# duty of 11 and 13 cents a
pound npon the raw wool and not reduce
tba price of that article too? Sol might go
through the whole list of yonr schedules
in this bill. But as I understand the
tendency of the questions propounded by
the Senator from Bhode Island, his
opinion is that tho Imposition of a duty
upon potatoes and beef, and mutton and
pork, dues not increase the price. Do I
understand the Senator to contend for
that?
Mr. Aldrich—The Senator from Ken
tucky did not understand me te make
any suggestion in that direction. The
Senator from Kentucky had laid down a
rule, wbicb he stated very clearly, that
where Imported articles were brought
here and competed with similar articles
of American production, the price of the
whole mass was increased to tha extent
of the dnty, and I was trying to make an
application of that clear principle which
he laid down to two or three articles
which he says are exceptions to the
general rale, as I now understand.
Mr Carlisle—I did not say they were
exceptions. I said the Importations in
those cases were so Insignificant, and the
market In which they were sold in this
they did
ughost
country w»3 so i'r .'<■
not affect the prie
the country.
Mr. EUsioîi -A'gut Ur*« l âvfiitv to
ask the Senator from Kentucky another
question.! ask whether in his judgment
the price here, so far as Its effect by the
tariff is concerned—that is, upon goods
which are protected and which need pro
tecton—is affected at all by the volume
of production here? That is to say, take
an article which is protected here, we
will say like sugar, of which an incon
f -quentlal amount is produced in this
country,and Task whether the tailff has a
different effect upon that than it has
upon an article of merchandise, cotton if
you please,or wool If you please,in which
nine tenths—I am not stating nine
tenths of the actual amount, but to
illustrate It—in which nine-tenths of the
value produced is the production of the
United States; I ask if there is any
difference there in the effect of the tariff
upon the price? All writers on political
enconomy say that there is, and the case
of the potatoes illustrates the difference.
Mr. Carlisle—t have no doubt that the
price of all articles is affected to a greater
or less extent by the amount of produc
tion of those articles, not only in this
country, hut throughout the world
Mr. Hlscock—I do not want to carry It
to the whole world. 1 want to conflue it
to the United Htales, where the great
mess of the consumption Is of,the Ameri
can product.I will put this ease also;Sup
pose a duty is 60 per ceut., is there a
difference between that ease, if it is 50
per cent, and a case where it is 80 per
cent? Is there a difference if it is 10 per
cent? Or Is it an iron rule? I undertake
to lay that the domestic price here of
goods on the like of which a heavy duty
!a Imposed, if the larger consump
tion la of the American goods, is not
affected by the duty. It may be carried
to suck an extent that tha tariff, practi
cally, has no effact upon the domestic
price,
Mr. Carlisle—To gratify the Senator
from New Tork, 1 will omit the rest of
the world and confine my answer to this
country alone. I repeat, then, that I
have no donbt that the prices of articles
are affected to a greater or less extent
by the amount of production in this
country; that Is to say, as the production
increases the price will decrease If oom
petion is free and if there is no combina
tion to prevent or obstruct it ; and in tha
case supposed by the tieaator from New
York of sugar and woolen goods, which I
believe he mentioned
Mr. Hlscock—I mention woolen goods,
bnt I do not undertake to state,of course,
ths proportion ef the consumption of
woolen goods which are produced here—
that is, the amount of the American pro
duetleu which Is here consumed—but
simply taking it that 90 per cent. Is
produced here that is consumed, I asked
whether it would hare a different effect
upon the prise than it would if only 10
per cent, of the woolen goods consumed
in Amerioa were produced in America.
Mr. Carlisle—I agree with the Senator
from New York that there is no iron rule
upon this subject, aud there can be none.
What I was about to say was that while
the tendency is inevitably to a diminution
of prices, with the Increase of production
with free cempetlou, yet until you have
reached the point where the domestic
production Is snffisient to supply the
whole or substantially the whole of the
home demand, the price is not affected.
In the case of engar, we produce only
about one-ninth or one-tenth sf the
domestic consumption, and the re
mainder of It is Imparted, part of it
free trom the Hawaiian Islands aud the
rest subject to duty. In the ease of woolen
goods, we produce a larger part of the
domsstio consumption and import the
smaller part. Now, whenever we reach
the point where the domestic production
of sugar, woolen goods, or cotton goode
is sufficient to supply tha domestic de
mand, and there are no combinations, so
that prices come down, importations
must diminish or cease.
So, then, we come back to tha original
proposition, that so long as tbesa im
portations continue and the duties are
paid upon them, and the foreign articles
contins» to be sold lu the American mar
ket In competition with the American
production, tha conclusion Is inevitable
that tha whole or substantially the whole
amonnt of the duty has been added te
tha price Jof the American artiele. It
may not always be added, aud it does
not always follow that, because there is
au Importation of woolen or any other
hind of goods therefore the duly has
been added to the price of the domestic
article, because it may happen that the
importation .does not actually compete
with ithe domestic product—on account
of some actual or fancied difference in
the vaine, on account of the taste of
the people for a foreign article of a cer
tain kind in preference to the American
article of the same kind, although tha
American artiele may be in fact the
best.
But whenever the conditions are equal
and the articles are of the same kind or
substantially of the same kind, and the
duties ara being paid and th# articles
sold here in competition at a price which
will pay for the cast abroad and refund
the duties and charges, the American
article must be selling at the .same or
substantially the same price.
That Is the rule which I stated, and If
the Senator from Rhode Island or the
Senator from New York can show that
it Is not correct I shall be very glad to
bear them. I think no business man In
this country will contend for an instant
that he can go Into a market and sell his
products for $1 a pound, for Instance,
$1 a bushel unless similar products of
ether people offered far sale In the same
market are bringing the same price.
You might as well attempt to convince
the American farmer that he can take
his wheat te Europe and sell it for $1.50
a bushal while Russian and other wheat
of as good a quality Is selling for $1 a
bushel in the same market, as to at
tempt to convince him that we can im
port $53,000,000 worth of woolen goods
and sell them here for $90,000,000 unies»
the same quantity and quality of domes
tic goods are selling at the same price.
1 bad net the slightest Idea ef saying
te tha Senator
anything In response
from Nevada until after I rose, but* the
statement made by him that Great Brit
ain taxes her pasple under her customs
law* about the same amount per capita
tbit wo tax our people seemed to me to
require some answer. If the taxes im
poted by this bill when it shall become
a law eonld all go Into the public Treas
ury and be utilized for publie purposes
then I could see tho propriety aad Jus
tice of making such a comparison as the
Senator has attempted.
Mr. Aldrich—1 de not Intend to pro
long this discussion, bnt I want to say
just a word 1« answer to the last sugges
tion of the Senator from Kentucky. It
is true that we import $53,000,000 worth
of woolen goods into this country, but a
large proportion of those woolen goods
do not come within the rule laid dewn by
the Senator from Kentucky, In other
words, they do not compete with any
domestic products. The woolen goods
which are Imported ate of a different
class and at a price at whieh they are not
made in this country, and therefore there
is no competition.
Thera is another large amount ef
woolen goods produced in this country
upou which there is no competition fr.m
abroad and upon whieh the price is fixed
by domestic competition and not by fer
eizn competition.
Mr. Carlisle—I have admitted both tha
Senator's proposition». 1 have admitted
tliat MheBevet the deuieaVi? produçt wa8^
sufficient to supply the domestic demand
and competition was free the price would
go down ; but 1 stated that then impor
tations would cease, and I admitted that,
although woolen, so called, might ba im
ported to a certain extent, yet it might
happen that the whole or a part would
not compete with our woolen goods, and
tberelorc would not effect our prUes.
Mr. Dawes—I was about to put an
Interrogatory to the Senator which he
has in part answered at this moment. I
should like to Inquire of him if this rule
does not underlie the whole question—
supply and demand? Whenever the sup
ply in the market shall be greater than
the demand the Importer will be obliged
to pay the duty, and whenever the de
mand is greater than the supply the con
sumer will be ebllged to pay the duty.
So it comes back to this question, Can
we »apply our own market, or are wo
dapendiug upon producers abroad to
supply our market?
If we eau supply our own market, then
whoever brings any product into th&t
market in competition with us must pay
whatever It costs to get It there. If we
can not supply our own market and an
importer come» in here with the article
needed, then he is at liberty to put upon
his goods what it cost him to get them
here.
Mr. Carlisle—We shall never reach
that fortunate condition of affairs when
we can compel the foreigner to payeur
taxes and support our Government, and
that is what the Senator from Massa
chusetts supposes. 1 admit that when
ever your domestic production is equal
to your supply, as the Senator has said,
If there Is no combination to prevent
competition, prices will fall, aud if the
importer then brings his articles here bo
must pay the duty ; but he will not bring
them ; he can not afford to bring them.
He can not afford to pay the duty out of
his own pocket and not add it to the
price of the article be is to sell. The
business of importation wonld cease at
once if that wore the condition of
affairs.
Mr. iDawes—Does not that depend
upon how much It costs him to produce
the article? If it does not cast him to
produee it in his own place of produc
tion any more than with the duty added
what it cost to prodnoa it here, then he
can afford to pay the duty.
Mr. Carlisle—But the Senator forgets
that if the dnty was not imposed the
people of this country would get that
article at the foreign price,
augmented only by the charges needed
to bring it here.
Mr. Dawes—As I said, it comes back
to this:,Whether wo can supply onr own
market or not. If we can supply our own
market, we can command the price in onr
own market.
Mr. Carlisle—Whenever we can snp
ply onr own market at prices as low. or
substantially as low, as it can be sup
plied from other parts of the world, then
there will be no importations into this
country ; aud thst is all there Is in the
question.
is
or
or
If
to
In
question.
MOST POPULAR LADY TEACHER.
Q|M to AU Lad; Taacben la Use State
ot Delaw aie.
The following are the votes received
np te 2 p. m. to day for the organ for th#
most popular lady teacher In the State
of Delaware :
Bell, Huso. Milford.
Bocia, Fannie. Na 2, Wilmington
Bouldeo, Jolla M..Bancroft's Basks schT 4ii
Br», Saille O.. School He. 18, WllmlugtOB 122
Campbell. Ella T.. Tallervllle . 114
Campbell, Lulu,Music, School, Highlands 094
Clark.Besele 11. M School...Hockessln 120
Clarke, Amy U-- If». 23, Wilmington. 7T
BavU, IdaM.Pub. Seh'l.Georgetown. 4«
Dover, Mary. No. 1*. Wllmlagton. 64
Eldrldge, Miss. Sch. Vo. M, Wllmlugtou. 65
Fleming, Mary J., New Castle.
Francis, M. J ... No. 4. Wilmington
Guthrie, Mary A. Ko. A Wilmington
Hare, Saille. High School, Wilmington»... 632
Hoopes, Litefie D.Utgb School Wilmington K2
Kruse, Edwin a, Boh. No. 16, Wilmington 41
Lacklln. Mary. High School,Wilmington T1
Lynch, Annie O. Mt Pleasant. 643
Marvel, Ella U. No. 8. Wilmington.... 4184
McAllister, Miss. Vo. 7, Wilmington.
McCafferty, Mary I .No. 7, Wilmington 217
Mltobell. Miss, Be. II, Wilmington,. 86
Newell, S. A., sshoot Ko. M, Wilmington 163
Penlngten, Lizzie, Dover.
Baudnlteky, Annie. No.6, Wilmington.,. 0178
Regan. Anna H., Rockland school
Reynolds, Boole, Towneead.
Smith, Koka B Ko. 17 Wilmington. 116
Stolnieken, Julia. Mb. 16, Wilmington.... 60
Thatcher, Kate, No. 11, Wilmington. 32
Tedd, Ella, School No. 4, Wilmington.... 62
Walker, M. J , School No. 4, Wllmlagton 31
Welle, Margawt, No. 13, Wilmington. 44
Ton can vote ns bften as yen please
aad cast as many votes at one time as
you wish, but the ballots must be cut
from the EvBKlSf» Journal.
After this week all contestants who
have received leas than one hundred
votes will be dropped from the lis», but
a record will be kept of all votes that
may come In for them aad as soon as one
hundred Is reached they will be entered
again.
The Interest In the contest warrants
ns to annonuce that an appropriate prize
will be given to the teacher receiving the
second highest number of votes. This
will increase tha Interest for those who
are soma distance behind the leader and
will probably change tha positions of
■ome ef tha contestants.
The contest will positively close some
time during this month and no time
should be lost in handing in your votes.
47
92
4M 1
33
81
?"
31
2603
60
Lots
In the Lombardy Cemetery are being sold
every day. Those wishing to purchase at
present prices should do so at once. A free
conveyance will leave the ofice of the oom.
pany.No. 614 Market street,on Saturday after
noon next at * p. m. for those wishing I
the cemetery with a view to purchasing
to see
lot«.
Away fer ToUhester Beach
from the heat ef a baking city to the cooling
shore* of the Chesapeake will go the »pedal
P. W. & ». tralq Sunday. August 10 at 7 44 «.
m. making connection at Baltimore with
eteam«r and than down the bay. Round trip
rate enly SI 00._
A»»Utaat Postmaster.
A. K. Robinson, who was assistant
postmaster under Postmaster Taylor, is
acting assistant postmaster at present
until Postmaster Stewart appoints
another man to the position left vacant
by the resignatien of David H. Coyle.
It is not yet know who will be appointed
to the position, us Postmaster Stewart
has not made any choice. No change will
be made iu the janitor at present.
Grand Excursion
Of St. Paul's Catholic Church to Cape May,
Wednesday, August 0 . 1890 . on steamer Re
public. Adult tickets, |1.44. Le"™ root of
French street and f*ot of Madison street at
8.40 a. m.
TL. Head of OUT Furniture
t u p rnnr ,
Store has ransacked the com
jj-y from F.uSt tO West 'O'
f „nher» would i, va',
that makers wouiu
0 ff pricCS.
. , ,, successful,
ucllu ,v . , ,
Have been ignored aim lOSSCS
V . employ labor and
maue i J
WAKAilAX«»'»
PntLADSXl'tUA. TuesdAT. Augu»* 5.1890.
The weather to-day ts hkely
to be dear.
He has uee.i won
Profits
^ WAMAHAKBB'S.
keep organizations intact dur
ing the dull period. A critical
examination will show the sur
prising results.
There is no trash, nor old
style stuff in the collection.
It is an offering of fine, taste
ful, elegant and fashionable
hurniture and so complete that
you can supply a whole house
or any part of it or can select
a single piece.
VVe hesitate to make
parison of prices, many articles
are half and less, hut the
tire gathering at your
mand at a large per cent
age below what we would
have paid at wholesale three
months ago.
The usual terms of sale ap
ply with two exceptions:
First. —No exchanges are
allowed in the Furniture
Trade Sale stock.
Second. —All purchases from
the Farniturc Trade Sale
stock must be delivered dur
ing this month.
a com
en
com
John Wanamakeb.
RAILROADS.
TXT 1LMINGTON AND NORTHERN RAIlr
W HOAD COMPANY. Time tobtet to
effect June 22. 1890.
Train« leave Wilmington (French street
station) for B A O Junction, Montchanln«
Gujescourt, Gmnngue, Cossart, CLadd's
Fora Jonction, Pocopson, West Chester,
Erabrecville. Mortonville, Coateevilte,
Waynesburg Junction. Springfield, Joanna,
Blrdsboro, Reading and Intermediate
dally, except Sunday, 7 00 a m; 2 3U and
m.
unday onlv, 810a m and 7 00pm.
For B & O. Junction; Montchanln; Gn yen
curt; Oranogue; Cossart; Chadd's ford Junc
tion; Focopson. Embreeville; Mortonrllles
CoateaviUe: Waynesburg Junction; Spring
field and Intermediate station«, daily! OUp.m.
ForB.A-O. Janctlou, Newbridge: IlagWyc
Montchanln snd Intermediate stations; daily
except Saturday and Sunday 6 17 p. m.; Sat
urday onlv 1016 p. m.
For B. & O. Junction; Newbridge: Hagtev
and Intermediate étalions, Saturday only,
5.17 p. m.
Trains arrive at Wilmington, (French
street station, from Reading: Blrdsboro;
Joanua; Springfield; Waynesburg Junction;
Coatesvlile: Mortonville; EtnbreeviUe; Wset
Chester: Psec peon; Chadd's Ford Junction;
Cossart; Wrauogue; Guyencourt; Montchaetne
B.& O, Junction aad intermediate stations,
dally, except Sunday, 8 45 and 11 62 ana;
6 45 p m. tiunday only,9 08 a n; 6 3Sp
A. U. MoCAUSLANI), Superintendent.
BOWNKSS BRIGGS. OenT Pass Agent.
BtoUo
me.
5 06
n
ATSKILL MOUNTAINS, SARATOGA,
LAKE GEORGE. ADIRONDACK».
On and after Sunday, J une 22. exprès« traîna
West Shore Railroad will run to and from
the Jersey CUy Station of tbo Pennsylvania
Railroad, making close connections with fast
trains to and from Philadelphia.
MOUNTAIN
Leave Philadelphia 8 20 a m: Jersey City
»talion at 10 40 a m. Arrive at Hotel Kaates
sklll, via Kingston, 3 43 p m; Qiand Hotel,
3 09 pm; Phoenicia, 3 20 p m; Uogart, 4 30 p m.
Drawing-room car Philadelphia to HogarL
without charge, and Jersey City to Uaand
Hotel Station.
HARaTGGA and CATSKILL MT. EX
PRESS— Leave Jersey City Station 1120 am.
Arrive Hotel Kaaterskiil, via Kingston,
4 50 p m: Grand Hotel, 4.25 p m; Pbtenkd»,
3 30 p in; hit. House Station, 415 p m; Paten
ville, 4 20p m. Arrive Saratoga, 5 56 p m;
Caldwell, Lake George. 7 35p m. Drawing
room cars from Jersey City for Hotel Kaatos
skill. Grand Hotel Station, Saratoga and
Caldwell.
(SARATOGA and CATSKILL MT.8PBC1 Ab.
—laiave Philadelphia 12 44 p is; Jersey City
Station at S 21 p m. Arrive Hotel Kaaterskiil,
via Kingston. • 10 p m: Grand Hotel. S 40 p m,
Phu-nloTa. 7 48 p in; Mt House Station, 7 56 p
m; Paleuville. 800 p m. Arrive Saratoga fl 2i p
m. Drawing Room Cars from Jersey City tor
Hotel Kaatereklll.Grand Hotel Station aud
Washington without charge.
Purchase tickets at Pennsylvania RaUroad
offices an 1 connect in the Jersey City Sto4don
for all Northern resorts by West Slawe Rail
road. Baggage checked through.
Tickets can be obtained from «11 prfoolpnä
stations. C. E LAMBERT,
General Passenger Agent. N»w York.
c
o..
CATSKILL
EXPRESS.
BALTIMORE &ÜHI6
1 RAILROAD.
v
Wpsp
Schedule in effect June 22, 1690.
TRAINS LEAVE DELAWARE AV.DEPGY
EAST BOUND.
•Express trains.
NEW YORK, week days, *218, »708, *7«,
no 81 a m, *2 40, *6 3», •( 2« p m.
NEW YORK. Sundays, *2 13.*7 ®
•S 40. »6 38. »7 2« p m.
BOSTON. 6.38, p. m
1120« m.
., dally, with Pullman,
sleeping car» running through to Boston with
out change via Poughkeepsie bridge, landtag
passengers in B. & M. station, Boston.
PHILADELPHIA, week days, to 18. 6 M.
6 en. »7 (»>, "7 45, 7 50. »8 44, 9 (JO, to », •'« H.
10 3L *11 50 a. m.; 100, *2 40, 3 00, 4141. X88,
5 66. « 45. »7 28, H 30. to 06,10 06 p. m.
PHILADELPHIA, Sundays, to 18,6 Wt 06»
7 60, 9 06, 11 21) a. m.; 100, *240. 80S, 410,
6 25. *5 88, 6 45, *7 28, 8 30. to 06,10 08 p. nu_
, HESTER, week days, to 13. 6.06. 6 30. toJ)6.
•7 45, 7 50, to 44, » 00, *9 63, *10 81.10 6L tola», e.
m jl IX). to 40, 3 00. 4 10, 6.25, *6.38, 6 46. *7».
8 30. to 06. 10 00 p. oa.
CHESTER, Sundays. to.!3, 6 50. *7*6.
9 05.1130 a. ia.: 1.00, to 40,8.00, 4 10, tojB,
« 45, 7.26. 8 30, to 06, *10 00». in,
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J« wwto dayt,
6 05. *7 05 *7 46, *8 44, *1150 a m-, toe® pm.
Sundays, *7.06 a. m.and *2.40 p. iu.
WEST BOUND.
Baltimore and principal station« on PhlL*
deluhla Division, 9 60 a.m., dally.
mTSBURU.**60a.m., *6.03 p»
CHICAGO *8 46 a. m., *6 27 p. m., <to.lt*.,
CINCINNATI AND 8 t. LOUIS« *12 10 p. «W
Ä bIngeSly accommodation. TTSte. m.
* LANUBNBBKO accommodation, w«« k
davsL 7 0(\ 10 60, a. m: 2 51 and 6 06 p
clave 6 80 a. m: 2 51 and 5 06 p.m.
TRAINS LEAVE MARKET ST. STATION.
Fnr Philadelphia week days, 5 60,6 85, *7 30.
•a 27 to 464*11 36, a m. 12 43. 2 45.3.66. 5 00,9 4#
p.ml Sundays, 636 am; 12 43,2 46,8 65,64)0.
7 8\
«2U
46 p.m.
For Baltimore, week days, 5.35, to 27 to.40,
135a. m„2.45, *5 00 p. m. Sundays,2,45and
^Baltimore and principal stations on Phila
delphia Division, 9 40 a. m., dally, eaoept
Bund* y .
' For Landenberg and way station«, wees
days, 6 50. 10 45, a m: 2 46. 6 00 p m. Sun
days, 9 25 a m; 2.45 and 6.00 p m.
Chicago, to 37 a m. dally, except fkimloy.
Pittahnrg, *5 00 p m dally. ,
Cincinnati and St. Louis. *11.36, a. nu,«laily
except Sunday.
LV. PHILADELPHIA FOR WILMINGTON
Dally.*4.24,6 15 *8 15, *915 *960. *11A6 a. m, 12 UU
noon. 1.51. 8.00, *4.31, 4 35. *6.56, 6 30. *7 3B.-8 10,
1010,11.30 p.m. _
Dally, except Sunday, *6.10, 7 35, 8.49 a. ta~
»150, *4.00 and 6.30, p.m. Sunday ooC.y,8.80
a, m.
Telephone, No. 198.
Ratee to Western Points lowsr than
other line.
4. T. ODELL. O. O. BOULA.
GenT Manager. Cer'i Paex. toten.
OUILADEDPHIA AND HEADING RAIlr
X ROAD "Royal Ror, fa" _ Bwrwjsw»
PHtI.AIlBl.PHIA AND ATLANTIC CITY. T»
Only Doublb Track Linn. bLxmwTLa »
Efvkct July i, isoo.
TRAINS FOR ATLANTIC CUT«.
I.«»«« Chestnut street and South street
• *T*
'II
.at
-sa. 8,9.10 4) * m.
1.IP '
ft
»ly
orurws oi
e'ajV ''a.'
9 30 a.
.. * 30 p. «A
« At > - , ATLANTIC ©ITT.
Week days—Enpttss,7. 7 30. 8, 9 .10 a. m..A
5 29, » 15 r m- Aocommolation. 6, * 16. 0. Me
4 »U p. m. Huidaya— Exprès". 4,6,6, « 31, 7,8
9 45 p.m. Accommodation, t 30 a. m , jW
p. m
Parlor oar* on all express trains.__
A. A McLKOD. C O. HANCOCK,
T. Pres. »Ad Gws, Jiaa'r G va. Paw. As!

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