O SLY DEMOCRATIC DAILY NEWSPAPER
IN THE StlATE.
KYERY DAY EXCEPT SUNDAY.
JOURNAL PRINTING COMPANY,
FOURTH AND SHIPLEY STREETS.
Ite Wilmington post-office
One year. .
Six months . ...
Cards furnished on application.
THURSDAY. JUNE 88, 1894
The hot weather stops the flow of elo
quence in Congress. .
The meanest and most despicable
morality possible Is law made morality.
Some failures are irreparable; Glad
stone Is now to old too visit the United
Some of tbe European tourists should
stay at home and hoard their Incomes to
pay the tax.
The self-made man Is usually a stand
lug advertisement that God had nothing
to do with the job
Tammany would receive any kind of
mall, but gave liberal and exaggerated
preference to blackmail.
It was wise and successful Stephen
Girard who discovered that a merchant
should advertise most when trade Is
From tbs pensioner and tbe protec
tionist, by a series of evolutionary stages,
tbe tramp and tbe Anarchist spring
There is a difference of degree, only, be
Hat trimmings of fruits, seoordlng to
the latest fad, will certainly attract
flies. Whether It will fool the birds or the
boys will remain a matter of doubt till
the birds die or the boys become sick.
The solidity of tbe protection vota I»
more dlaoredltable than otherwise,
enables Uuay sod Cameron to take the
lead In public affairs and keep It even In
a great commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Tub various state machines may be
able to nominate candidates for tbe Presi
dency. Ohio and Indiana, for Instance,
but there are no office-holders and South
eru mercenaries to contlrm them this
In any event Pennsylvania will have a
good man as governor. Hastings is
likely to be elected, but If Slngerly
should happen to be successful, tbe state
will have a worthy successor to Governor
Senator Cameron's appearauoe In
the arena as a »talesman and a financier
le an episode In the general stupidity of
statesmanship and poverty of Intellee
tnal vigor which marks the history ef
Tbe concert at Union Park to-night
will be notable bscause of the presence
of Jules Levy, the celebrated oornetist.
Tbe program is excellent, embracing
among other numbers, the Evening
Journal march, the score of which was
printed In yesterday's Issue. The march
will be played aa a "special"at 8 o'clock,
a half hour after tbe concert begins.
A Wald eyed poet in the Atlanta Con
If I should lose you, sweetheart.
And the touch of tender Ups
Be denied me In the future
As ihe weary walling slips -
I would kiss the rose you gave me,
Gave mo. crowned with sparkling dew.
And its fragrance would forever
Bring sweet thoughts to me of yon !
It would show greater discretion and
be more in accordance with the exper
ienee and habits ot a sensible man to
get another summer girl.
Without a telegram from Mr. Sperry
to clinch him. it «111 be difficult to learn
whether Senator Higgins favors Mc
Kinley or Harrison now.
both at the last convention but tbe tele
gram finally settled him for Harrison—
the one who lost a million votes for his
party. This may Incline tbe Senator to
doubt Mr. Sperry's wisdom aud revert to
Tip for tipping Information. In that
case be will be sure, at least, ottbe tip
He was for
recalcitrant Democrat* who held ont
against tbe msjority of their party lor
favors, bribes, to the industries in their
districts and the return of trade to Its
Sikcb the exposures concerning the
normal conditions, the backbone of the
free trade sentimeut has stiff »tied
There will not be so much protection in
tbe amended tarif! blit, because
these things have served, ' In
tbe most iff«otive manner, to demon
strate that protection Is a fraud. They
have showed what and whom a protee
tlve tariff protects
The great msjority that Pennsylvania
casts for tbe party ot protection shows
that her people are not ao much Inter
ested in the weitste of tbe country
in grabbing all they can obtain for
themselves. There is no such majority
anywhere else. There Is no people on
the face of tbe globe so thoroughly
united. This is because there is no
people which la so thoroughly inmbued
with selfishness and tainted with
the corrupting love of money.
Other communities divide more
less evenly an political questions;
the commonwealth of Pennsylvsnia
remains stolid aud solid for tbe
thing that briugs money to it at tbe
expense of the people.
Tbe stability of the republic of France
would be better secured, perhaps,
there were a constitutional provision
a succession to the presidential office
rather than an election. Bo soon
been a vice-president to assume
his duties instead of the specta
cle of the election of a man to fill
his place. Bat in practice, the election
has not worked badly. The criticism is
chiefly sentimental. The functions of
the government, the work of society
must go on no matter who dies Thr
French people may tnrn aside a moment
to drop a tear at the grave of the ad
mirable Carnot, but France and the
world must go on precisely as if nothing
had happened. It Is like tossing a pebble
Into the sea; when a man disappears
from active life—no matter bow great a
part he occupied in It—the waves close
and there Is not a ripple even to mark
Tbe philosophy ascribed to Moham
med, though not authentic, is true,
the mountain does not come to him. a
man must go to the mountain,
same philosophy, expressed In
words, by Swain, is:
Never rail at tbe world. It is Just as we make
We see not the (lower if we sow not the seed.
It Is impossible to change tha world ;
why not cease to rail at It or wall about
it and change ourselves? It is possible
for every man to elevate his condition in
the world, but If lie will not do that he
need not spoil the pleasure of other
people by complaining that he baa no
seed of happiness iu his own heart it
will not only fructify there to bless him,
bnt bear frntt to delight others.
If he will sow the
William Pinkerton, who was on
trial at Spring Valley, Illinois, on Tues
day, for assaulting Anna Baroski, last
Friday, leaped out of an open window,
hut was quickly overtaken by about !100
friends of the girl and beaten to death
"The justice and lawyers made their
escape soon after the trouble began."
Episodes like this, happening frequently
sod all over the country, serve to prove
that the people muet begin »to compel
tbe courts to become more efficient The
sentiment, false and hollow and ig
soraut, which has been used by shrewd
lawyers to obtain fees by rescuing
criminals from swift and deserved
punishment, has inspired people
with an cqualj contempt tor law
and for the courts which fall to admlnis
ter the law. This should not be; It
would not be if people will learn that
the sternest repression possible la the
only meaus of safety possible against tbs
Isay, ignorant, vicious classes which
have grown numerous In tbie country
within tbe last two decades. People
mock at the courte and say that there is
no certainty of punishment. That gives
them an excuse for assuming tbe duties
of judge and executioner without the
responsibilities or the sense of thoae
The Socialists "took on" dreadfully at
the election of Casimir-Perier as Presi
dent of the Republic of France. They
booted and cried "Down with the lack -
eys" Id such a manner as to intimate
that they are ready, if they have not
already begun, to précipitai« trouble.
It is from that party In France and from
tbe same political elements which com
pose that party everywhere that trouble
and Anarchists spring. Tbe Anarchist
is a man without a country He comes
from everywhere; he goes everywhere
and stays wherever he Is tolerated. He
ought not to be tolerated anywhere He
is an enemy to ail governments;
an enemy to mankind. He is
»n outlaw—the direct cross from a
Socialist and a beast. jHe is the personi
fication of the Zila mon who Is said to
have "a bog asleep In his soul" only the
hog is not asleep and tbe hog Is a hyena,
Tbe people of this country cannot frown
too severely upon the lying "old soldier"
who draws a pension on the plea of dlsa
biiity or disease "contracted in the ser
vice;" they cannot condemn too rigidly
tbe policy which appllee a protective
tariff to every beggar.Industry which de
minds publie support. B>th of these
classes, the pensioners and the protee
lloulsts, are incipient Socialists from
whom beggars, thieves, tramps and An
archiste spring. It la every man's duty
to support himself ;
It is not tbe duty!
norths province of society, or of the
•täte to support anybody. The pensioner
Is a fraud, tbe protectionist Is a robber
in proceas of formation.
THEY CANNOT DO IT.
The tariff bill as amended by the
I I denate includes, in the dutiable list,
many articles which yield but little
revenue compared with the immense
burden which they imp»»* on the people
la fact, the revenue is infinitesimal, the
cost to the consumera Is induite.
Among these are various grades of
hardware, leather, battons, bolts,
worsted and woolen goods. With tbe
exception of woolen goode, there is no
other article In this list which pays any
considerable revenue In 1833 "wood
screws," which are dutiable as iron
steel, yielded a revenue of the ridieulous
sum of $27 ; yet the increased cost
"wood screws,'' which are universally
used in this country, is incalculable.
The duty, 14 cents a pound, was
prohibitory, and the duly in tbe present
amendment ot 80 per cent, is almost
There are thousands of such Instances
of extortion, all the reanlts of tbe little
trusts Those trusts which are not im
portant enough to create a scandal, such
as I* rife now between the manipulators
of tbe sugar schedule and the Sugar
There are many articles in the list
above mentioned which produce only
a few dollars revenue, while the increased
cost to the consumers represents millions
of dollars. Tbe discussion about the
relative amounts of money which the
Tieisury and the trusts obtain, compared
with the amount which tbe people pay,
»bows the impossibility of arriving at any
correct conclusion concerning these
to all »er and less known enterprises
There is; not one legislator of tbe 500
who knows anything about "wood
know mach alunit the important sched
alu relating to sugar, and vet the sugar
schedule has been prolific enough <o
produce $80,000,000 revenue and when
that was abolished, to bestow $35,000,
000 on the Sugar Trust under the Mc
If the legislators have any knowledge,
or If they did not exercise the proper
care to perfect the sugar schedule, bow
can they be expected to deal with Intelli
gence or justice between the people and
the trusts in regard to thousands of
these minor articles?
They cannot do it.
The just and proper thing to do is to
the trusts. This Is the only
adjustment which Is possible.
NOT A FOOL BUT
Having occasion tu recommend this
place as a carriage making centre to a
friend who wished to buy a carriage, a
Wilmington msn, lu Washington, looked
lu vain to find tbe address of a carriage
making firm in the Evening Journal.
The sale of a single carriage 'would
pay for a yearly advertisement that
would render tbe cat rlage maker's name
familiar to every parson who reads th«
When a man
wishes to buy a carriage the name of Ihe
carriage maker with which he is familiar
occurs to him first,
is away from home, is asked to recom
mend a carriage maker he will Invariably
refer to the name which occurs to him
first—that will be the name which he
When a man, who
sees frequently In tho Evening Journal,
This applies, also, to many other trades.
When a man wisher to buy furniture bis
mind naturally recalls the name of tbe
dealer which is most familiar. So it is
In all other lines of trade.
An advertisement Is not to be gauged
by the immediate and direct sales, only,
It makes, but by the gradual and profit
able increase In the business
A merchant knows by experience tbe
sort of articlee tbe oitizaue In the com
munity in which he Uvee will use. He
bays them and then tells tbe people
that he has them. Ue must adopt the
beet means possible to luiorni tbe people
Tbe newsotpere are not only tbe beet but
they are the cheapest means Those
merchants who are too poor to advertise
are also too p tor to keep goode which
tbe ptapio will buy.
No merchant ran afford to keep bis
name out of the newspapers, as ho can
not afford to let bis goode rot or spoil.
Home carriage mauufaotnrer would
have sold a carriage If hie name could
have been found in the Even in«
Journal. If he did not have the pre
dee carriage that was desired, he could
have got It from a neighbor, or be could
have taken the customer to a rival and
got a commission, or established a claim
for a similar favor. The Evening
Journal does not propose to sell car
rlsget or other articles of merchandise;
it does not. propose to bring customers,
even, for those articles which a merchant
may offer for sale ; but it does propose
to mske those who ere likely to bny so
familiar with the names and addresses of
those who sell, that when the need of
the article is realized their minds will
involuntarily refer to the name of the
merchant who advertises It for sale,
Borne writers contend that s merchant
who does not advertise his wares is a
fool We do not make harsh comments
nor apply epithets, because it le patent
to the most superficial observer that the
wisest men and tbe most successful
merchants are ihe most liberal adver
Those who read the Evening Journal,
and there more and better readers for it
than for any two other papers In Wil
uilngton, make precisely the same 00 m
meute. They are Inclined to buy, and,
If they do not actually buy, they at
leant, try to buy from the merchants
with whose nauiss and wares they are
familiar from seeing them every day in
tbe Evening Journal. Bence the
merchant who does not advertise may
not be a fool, but he is, et least, a clam,
I Once an American Always an American,
STORIES OF THE DAY.
Thera Is n Wilmington man, of a good,
! old Delaware family who frequently
1 Parle. He prides himself upon
t'a nationality, and while iu that gay
city patronizes a restaurant which boasts
of an English-speaking waiter.
On one occasion tbe American visited
tbe restaurant an I found bis English
speaking friend absent, so he was obliged
to give bis order tiirongh a visitor whose
English was as imperfect, as the French
of the stalwart American. Between
themselves the Ameiicau and the other
patron of the restaurant muddled affairs
so that th» polite but uncomprehending
waiter was almost reduced to tears
After a vain attempt to understand the
order the waiter bowed profoundly and
said, "Pardon, monsieur. Monsieur a
I I "No, I'm not a fordguer" exclaimed
the big American drawing himself up to
bla full height. "Do I lock like a for
eigner?" he demanded.
The waiter, seeing that be bad raised a
storm in the bosem of the big American,
was obsequious in his apo'ogies, then
suddenly darted away He fl„d to the
proprietor, explained the ease to him,
whereupon hs served to the American au
The latter was astounded. He had ordered
a tbree-fraue dinner, he was served one
that would amount to ten francs. With
true American nerve aud cooiuess, how
ever, he proceeded to discuss lb« dinner.
However, when he went to the cashier's
desk to pay for It, his surprise was com
plete when be was charged but three
franca Aud the proprietor, who could
speak a little broken English, was ex
eeedingly agreeable and polite to the big
American who was nut a foreigner.
For sallow skin and all olh
cr conditions resulting from
constipation, go hy the book
on Beecham's pills.
Book free, pills 25c. At
drugstores ; or write to lî F
Allen Co, 365 Canal st, New
HAVE REACHED THE END
Senators Are About Through
With the Income Tax.
MR. HILL'S AMENDMENTS OPPOSED,
Nearly All Ue Introduced Were Boat, and
1'endlng When the Senate Ad
journed—Beady For tlie Final Vote—Do
ings In the House,
Washington, June 28.—The sonate has
reached the last section of the Income tax
provision of the tariff bill. Tho debate as
a whole was dull. It pcrtalnod mostly to
a series of amendments offered by Mr.
Hill, Mr. Aldrich and others, all ot which
weto voted down, looking to tho axemp
tlon of small stockholders whoso dividends
from corporate investments did nut ex
Just buforu adjournment section 6(5, di
recting corporations to k> up hooks show
ing their receipts and expenditures mid
authorizing tliu inspection of books and
papers by collectors dt Internal revenue
und their deputies, was mu-hod.
This was the sigual for a very violent
assault from Mr. Gray (Horn., Del.), Mr.
Aldrich (Hop., K. I.), Mr. Hill and oth
ers. The suction promises to furntsh ma
terial for a good deal of discussion.
The general Impression seem to bo,
however, that tho hill will be completed
In committee of tho whole today and re
ported to tho senate, in which event the
managers of the bill confidently hope to
pass tho bill on Saturday.
The uncertain clement in the sltualloli
is tho resolution passed by the houso to
continue the past appropriat'uiis in force
for 10 days after July 1. If tho Republic
ans desire, they can use this wisolutlon as
a bluff for tho rest of the week, as it must
be passed before July 1 in order to con
tinue tho machinery of government in
5fr. IIill's Amendment.
Mr. Hill offered an amendment t<> tho
end of section 511 to exempt .corporations
created by tho states which I>y tho terms
of their incorporation are required to pay
a special tux on their earnings.
A very important question was present
ed by this amendment, Mr. Hill said In
support of It. This exemption should lie
made. As a lawyer, as ^ell as a senator,
ho maintained tho hrond proposition that
tho federal government had no right to
tax tho moans by which the statu secures
tho revenue necessary to carry on tho ma
chlm-ry of tho state. Now York received
$2,000,000 annually from such special cor
If tho state and federal governments
both attempted to levy a tax on the In
comes of such corporations, a conflict of
authority would immediately follow. Mr.
11111 said ho would Ilka to hear somo rea
son why his amendment should nut he
adopted. His only answer was a chorus of
calls for a vote. Tho amendment was lout
—25 to 30.
Denounced by Mr, Aldrleh.
Mr. Aldrich offered an amendment to
except savings banks organized on the
mutual plan solely for tho benefit of their
depositors. It was accepted.
Mr. Vest offered an amendment, which
was agreed to, exempting mutual savings
banks completed for the benefit of depos
itors in tbo stato of Delaware.
Mr. PolTor proposed nn amendment to
exempt tho salaries of state, county and
municipal officers. It was lost.
Mr. Hill moved to amend section 60, to
provide for tbo Inspection of accounts of
corporations subjuet to the tax,
limit tho time of Inspection to tho period
between March 1 and Aug. %
Mr. Aldrich characterized tills section
as tho most odious and outrageous piece
of legislation over proposed by tills or any
other congress. No government! munar
uhleal or otherwise, would dare to enact
such a provision of law.
It proposed to throw open tho private
books of every corporation to tho scrutiny
of the government's army of treasury
agents. It permitted tho government to
send its agents Into tho counting room
and there to examine the secret accounts
uf tliu corporations. It was true these
agents were prohibited from giving out
tliu Information they obtained, but wlmt
did a prohibition amount to?
Mr. Vest In reply said bo could not'ac
count for this sudden patriotic eruption of
Mr. Aldrich except by the near approach
of the Fourth of July,
Ho did not sec any reason why every
corporation doing Imsim'S- honestly should
object to having its books examined to at
low government officials to see how much
they honestly owed the government.
Hu asserted that all tin so phantoms of
unreasonable search and seizure were hu
Ing conjured up to defeat this income tax
After some further debate.
without noting on the amendment uf Air
Hill, tho senate adjourned.
Deadlock In the House.
The houso got into n series of deadlocks
over the Now Mexico statehood bill. Th
liono of contention was an amendment
originally proposed by Mr. t^inlth of Illi
nois requiring public schools to teach tlio
English language. Thu consideration of
tho bill was not concluded ut the hour of
A cable from tbo French government
acknowledging the action of congress rel
ative to the dealh of President Carnot
was laid before the house and a message
from the president transmitting the latest
Hawaiian correspondance. The latter was
A resolution was adopted extending the
appropriât ions for the current fiscal year
for 80 days, as tho senate will not bo able
to act on any appropriation bills before
the expiration of the fiscal year. Several
private bills were passed.
ItcMlrlrllng Convict Labor.
Washington, June 28.—The report of
the subcommittee to devis» a measure to
restrict competition by convict made goods
with nroducts of freo labor was adopted
by I it bouse committee on commerce, with
important amendments. The bill will pro
hibit shipment beyond the limits uf tho
state In which they are produced not only
convict made goods, but coal, iron oro,
marble, lumber and all articles of com
merce made ready for market by convict
St. (iamlcn'ft Design Rejected.
Washington, Juno 28. —The serctary
of the treasury has rejected thc^B
sign submitted by Mr. St. (.nudens for
the reverse side of tbe World's Columbian
exposition medal and accepted that fur
nished by Charles K, Barber, an engraver
employed la the Philadelphia mint.
Chairman XVIUon Returns.
Washington, June 28. —Ueprcscntatlvo
Wilson, chairman of the ways and means
committed, bos returned Iruin Virginia
and will resume congressional work.
Simeon Davis, of Kent connty, was
sunstruck in bis harvest field aud fell
auenuselons. Tbe highest temperature
reported In tbe county was 104 degrees
iu the shade. Tbe thermometer regis
tered 100 degrees at Chestertown.
NOW CARE FOR IRE AGED!
Summer With Its Debilitating
Weather Is Here.
The Itexl «if Tliuuxhl end Cure I» line to
the Old IVeplu For them to IteSIroog
end Happy. Refrenltlng Sleep Ik Neeea
Kttry -1'aiiie'n Celery Compound
Now Be Taken.
Yonng people In the flush of health are
apt to forget, that the a„td need help
mote fr< queiilly tbs« they, to ward off
weakties, and to check disease.
Became there are no symptoms of any
«prcific dîneuse they think uothlng can
be done they forget that the weaknesses
of old age »re general weaknesses, u
difficulty o f ihe slow organs of diges
lion and assimilation to properly t«td
the nerves and body
Tbe one great need, as hoi, debilitat
ing weather comes on, is for new, rich
uiuud, tree from the poisonous humore
that tuvai Ubly result from a stagnant
The certainty with which Paine's
celery coroninnd quickly sends new blood
LEWIS C. CR08SBN.
to every part of the body is shown by a
stronger pulse, fuller hesrt beats, and a
brightening of the spirits Bleep be
comte sound and refreshing, and
rheumatism, sciatica, neuralgia, and
other results of an uudeifed nervous
The world of worn out, nervfins,
feeble men and women is Indebted to
Professor Edward E Phelps, M D., LL
D, of Darmonth medical school fur the
discovery of this great nerve regulator
and binod pnritier - tbe best and final
fruit of a long life devoted to the study
of weehness of nerve tissues aud its
Paine's celery coo pound gently stirs
tho workings of all tbe vital organs,
feeds the nerves when waste In tbair
Mssnes has exoesded the repair, and thus
relieves nervous prostration, dyspepsia
and dismders of the liver, kidneys and
It builds up wasted bodies, frees weak
nerves aud nerve centers of irritability
by supplying rich, abundant b'ood to
build up the worn-out thsnee. When
there is general debility, lassitude, a
loss of appetite and a laek of interest In
life that comes at this season ; when one
looks wretched, and feels so «II over,
this grast modern remedy goes straight
to tbe source of tbe weaknass atd Im
mediately gives strength srd a vigor ot
mind and body aneb a 1 must follow per
feet nutrition of every organ aud part of
The lives of thousands of men aud
women past middle age who thick it
time to stop work, might be prolonged
to many years of usefulness if they would
only us* Paine's celery compound, the
great modern blood aud nerve restora
tive It will give new life, ambition
and cheerfulness, as it did to Lewis C.
Crossen, of North Coboeton, N, Y , who
writes; "Paine's celery compound bas
done m« a great deal of good. 1 have
been tffilcitd with insomnia, nervous
chills, loss of strength, and poor digea
tlon fcr some time, also loss of memory,
aud all of these troubles are much better
now. I have gained iu weight since I
commenced its use and am much better
and stronger in every way. I shall
recommend the compound to ail others."
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
Says an eichartr»*: "American w men'are
frowiiff fuller, n hile the men are Krowinir
hotter." There la no doubt ue to the truth of
ihe latter part of the «statement, hut then
Juet wait until the rlouda loh by aud the
tariff bill paanea." Ba ton Tr.iwrIpl.
Prevention 1* better than cure, and you may
prevent that tired feeling hy taking Hood's
Sarsaparilla, whl'h will keep your blood purs
and tree from acid taint and t;crrus of dis
Hood's Pills do not purge, pain or gripe, but
act promptly, easily and «sttlcleiuly
Professor Stone—"To tbe genlog'st a thous
and years or so are not counted u- any time at
all." Man in the Audleuce—"Great Scotl!
And to ttdnk 1 made a temper irv loan nr
to a mau who holds such views "
Low lUtM to Dfinrfr, Col.
The Cal timoré A Ohio R. R Co., will
round trip excurfion ttrkftn to Unnver, Col.
from nil |Milntt on It« linen cut of ih« Ohio
Hiver, July luth, »th and Slat, govf f rre urn
o tiHiiiN lea vine l»*»nver July LTth, AuriihI
2nd and 2ßth; tickets will aU » b*sfi'd to Den
ver August * h. «il» and Uf h, valid for return
pas-mjeon trains lee vIng Denver August Ifclh,
»rli un* StfptcniiMor M h.
The r«fs from Baltimore and Washington
will bv S* 40 ana corr* * landing î y low r*t*s
from otiit-r points.
I'asNcngi r* taking the H & O. have a choice
of rouit», gilng Via i Ittsburg. Akron and
Cbl< Hgo; via Diafton. Hellalrti and Chicago,
or via Parkersburg, Cincinnati and Louis:
double daily se• vl(
te of cxprosi trains, with
Pullman s eeping aud (lining cars on
EXTRACTING WITHOUT PAIN,
A Local Application.
^703 Market St., Wilmington, Del.
WITH GAS OR AIR.
if Set of Teeth, - $5
J Best Set, - - $8
We guarantee to do the beet and most sails
factory dental work at moderate price».
Office open 8 a. m. until 8 p m-'
'THE STAR S p AMGLEO BANNER.'
Story uf the atlrUng Nation.) Suna
lohn C Cstpenter tells the story of
"'1 he Star Spmigled Burner " in the July
number of the Century. The article Is
Illustrated by the reproduction of a pho
tograpli of the old II «g of Fort McHenry,
which, bunging over the ramparts dur
ing Ihe bombsidmeut by the Biitisb, in
spired the song; by a portrait of Key
engraved by Johnson from an oil painting
in possesrim of F. K Pendleton, and by
<ae-timile of the manuscript of the
song, in possession of Mrs. Edward
Hbippsn, oi Baltimore. Mr. Carpenter
tells anew the story of the birth of the
song, and rketchea in brief the career ef
Frauds Scott Key.
Of all national airs it breathes the
purest patriotism, he says. Those of
England, Russia and Aus'rla are based
upon s sentimental loyalty long outgrown
by the agrarian and practical age The
"Mars.lllalse" is a stirring call to arms,
and upholds only the woist—the passion
ate nrlitary—side of a uai ion's charac
ter, '•The Star -Bpaugltd Banner."
while it is animated, patriots', defiant,
neither ci loges nor boasta; it is as
national in its spirit as it Is adequate in
the expression of that spirit, Believing,
then, that Key s poem will be the ua
tlonal air of succeeding generations of
Americans, the fac-simile of the original
draft is here reproduced by the kindness
of Mrs Edward Sblppeu, a grand
daughter of that Judge Nicholson who
took the first cjpy of the poem to the
American cilice, and bad it set up
iu broad-«beet form by Samuel Sands,
a primer's apprentice of 12 He
was alone in the otfice.all the men having
gone to the tefense of the city. It Is
written in Key's hand. The changes
made in drafting the copy will be seen
at once, the ptindpil one being that
Key started to write "They have washed
out iu blood their foul footsteps' pollu
tion," and changed it for "Tnelr blood
has washed ont their foul footsteps'
pollution." In the second stanza, also,
the dash after "TU the star-spangled
banner" makes the change more abrupt,
tbe lino more spirited, sad the burst of
fueling more intense, than the usual
semicolm Tbs other variations are nn
Important. Syme of them were mads in
1840, when Key wrote out several copies
fur his friends.
Tbe song, in its broad sheet form. was
soon sung In all the camps arouud tbe
city. When tbe Brltimore theatre,closed
during the attack, was reopened, Mr.
Bardtuge, one of its actons, was an
nouuced to elng "a new bob g by a gen
tleman of Maryland." Tbs same modest
title of authorship prefaces tbe song in
the American. From Baltimore the air
was carried South, and was played by
one of the regimental handset the battle
of Now Orleans
The tnne of "Anacreon in Heaven" has
been objected to as "foreign;" butin
truth It la an estray, and Key's and the
American people's by adoption. It Is at
leest American enough now to be known
to every schoolboy; to have preceded
Burr In New Orleans, and Fremont to
the Pic'fic; to bate bun Ike inspiration
of the soldiers of three ware; and to have
ehe. red the hearts of American sailors In
pelII of enemies on ihs sea from Algiers
to Ap.a harbor.
Aft.r telling of the playing o' "Tbe
Star Spangled Bannet" by the band of
the Trenton as that devoted vessel was
swept on the beach at Apia by the hurri
cane. Mr. Carpenter adds : "No ; it Is t<-o
late to divorce words and music," — Bal
Morris Si Co. Fidelity Employ mm t
Agency, havemoved into their new offices,
7th and Market. Entrance 3 W 7th.
Money to Loan
On Diamonds, "Watches,
Clothing and all kinds of personal prop
erty and other articles of value at the
lowest rates of Interest. All basinets
strictly confidential. WE INVITE YOU
TO CALL and inspect our stock of unre
deemed Watches. Jewelry aud Musical
Instruments before buying elsewhere.
We can save you 60c on the dollar by
buying from us. It is no trouble to show
go<di, and yon will save money by it.
DAVIDQW & CO.,
1 Icciin«'«! Pawnbrokers and
SNo. 126 Market Street.
Open evenings nntt 9.10. . m.
ELECTRIQ and STEAM
100 WEST SEVENTH ST.
A. J. RU M FOR D, Piop'r.
Packages called for and delivered.
Will mske no mistake ln ordai«
OFFICE # OUTFITS
Of the only local concern in Wilming
ton making a fc»iu.« uf furnishing
stores, offices and shops with an
Consisting of Towel Hack, Comb,
Brush, Soap and Wh'ak.
t Towels* week . (. '. pxr month
3 Towels a week. 75c. ^er month
4 Towels a week.. $1.00 per month
We guarantee prompt and efficient service.
CITY STEAM LAUNDRY
Sixth and Shipley Streets.
Pink, White, Wcnrlet and Yellow at
IO Conts Each
Fine Madame Crozey Cannes,
Pot growu plants ready to bloom.
Water Hyacinths, Amarylles,
Crlnums and Dwarf Pearl
All very low priced.
j. J. SMITH'S,
FOURTH AND SHIPLEY STREETS
l ARU Railroad of America — Protected
Throughout by the Interlocking Switch and
Block signal System.
PHILADELPHIA, WILMINGTON and BA1.
TIMORE KAM. ROAD, In effect June 15,1894,
Trains will leave Wilmington as follows:
Philadelphia, express. I 57, 2 (i'>, 4 UP,«;»), 7 48,
7 bo, « 5o, 8 55. io no. m in. to a-,, 11.20, ii r.i a.m.,
112 19.1 37, 3 On, 5 IS. 6 PI, 5 58, 7 07. 9 12 pm.
Accommodation, K 00,7 00.8 06,1040, tl 33a
12 33.2 25,3 40, 5 15,7 40. 10 30 p m.
Chester express. I 67, 4 30, 6 90.7 42. 7 «I. 8 60,
8 55. 10 05, 11 20, 1151 a m, 137. 6 04,55«, 7 07,
Accommodation,« 00. 7 00,8 08,10 40, II 33a m.
12 33. 2 26,8 40, 6 15, 7 40, 10 30 p m.
New York. 157.255.4 30, 6 30, 7 00, 8 50, 8 06
10 05, 10 25 10 4P. 11 61 a m. 112 19. 1 37. 2 25. 3(5,
•614. 5 10. 6 56. +8 20, 7 07. 10 30 p m -
Boston, without change, 10 1« a m, 6 68 p m.
New Orleans, Richmond and Danville Ex
press, 17 41 p m.
West Chester, via Lamokln. 8 30 am., 3 40
Newark Centre and Intermediate stations,
7 40 a m, 8 33 p m.
Baltimore and Washington. 4 35. 8OL 811.
10 18. 11 DO a m. 18 04.12 »I, |] ifc. 2 m 4 24, 6 38.
♦8 05. 6 68. 7 41.8 20 n in, 12 4« night.
Baltimore and Intermediate stations. 2 47.
4 43, 6 08 and ll 51 p m, .
Baltimore and Hay Line, 5 23 p m.
Trains for Delaware Division leave for
New Castle, 813,1112 a m, 2 50.4 30,6 15, 6 80
p m. 13 06 night.
Lewes, 813 a m, 4 27 p m.
Kehobotb.8 13 a. m.
Express for Dover, Harrington and Delmar.
8 13,11 03 a m, 4 27 p m, 12 01 night.
Harrington and way stations only, * 50 p m.
Express fur Wyoming, 6 hop m.
Express for Cape Charles, Old Point
fort ami Norfolk. U 0U a m, 12 01 night.
Leave Philadelphia, Broad street, for Wil
mington. express, 3 60, 7 30, 7 25, 8 31, 9 10, 10 20
U 18, Jl 40. a m, 412 35,1 80, 2 02, 34«, 4 01, 4 41.
12*Siiigl u** 1 * W ' *"• ,4U ' lllU ' H is, p m,
Accommodation, 6 30.7 33.1036 a m. 1 23 3 01
4 08, 4 37, 6 22. 8 38. 10 08.11 3» p m.
Sunday Trains—Leave Wilmington for:
Philadelphia, express, 1 07. 2 50, 4 20, 8 80,8 55,
10 05,10 25, ll 51 a m, 1 37, 3 05, 504,5 58, 7 07, 7 20,
9 12 p m. Accommodation, 7 00.8 10 a in. 12 10.
1 46, 4 06. 6 15, 10 30 p in.
Chester, express, 1 57.4 20, 8 60,8 55.10 06.11 61.
a m, 137, 5 ('4, 6 56, 7 07, 9 12 p m. Accommo
dation, 700, 810a m, 1210, 145,405, 520,725,
10 90 p m.
New York, express, 1 57. 2 65, 4 30, 7 00, 8 6f.
10 05. IP2MI 61 a m. U 10, 137, 3 05, 4 06, 6 6f,
46 20,7 07, 10 30 pm. *
press. 17 41
5 15 p m.
Baltimore and Washington, 4.35. 8.01, 10.1»
a. in., 12.04,1223.5.2 i, 4« 05.7.41,8.20. p. in. and
Baltimore and intermediate stations, 6.0i
and 11.54 p. m.
New Castle, 12 08 night.
Capo Charles, Old Point Comfort and Nor
folk, 12 01 night.
Middletown, Clayton, Dover, Wyoming
Felton. Harrington, BrtdgevlUe,
Lanre! aid Delmar, 12 01 night.
Leave Philadelphia, Brood street, for Wit
mluglon, express, 3 60, 7 30, » UL 1118, U 40
a m, 4 41. 5 08, 6 56, 7 40. 835, 11 10, 11 46
p in. 1213 night.
Accommodation, 8 35, 10 36 a m. 12 36,2 00,
010,8 3». 10 00, 1158 p m.
♦1 long, r relouai Limited Express trains com
potted entirely of Pullman Vestibule Parlor
- -a! Milting Cars. Noextrafare.
Cl.hulled Express Trains, composed of Pnil
man Vestibule Parlor Cars. Vestibule Pas
senger Coaches and Dining Cara,
1 Richmond and DanvUle Express. (No
For further Information, passengers are re
ferred to the ticket agent at the station.
8. M. PREVOST,
n, without change. 5 86 p
Orleans, Richmond and
via Lamokln, 8 56 a m.
J. K. WOOD,
General Pacwinter Ajtt.
B ALTIMORE .V
ROAD. Schedule in
effect May 20, 1894.
Train* leave Dela
ware Avenue Depot
I orl Express trains. 4
days, 13 03.
18 40, HU 3« a
12 49,15 35, 17 44.111 U0
f i. m. Sundays, 13 03,
7 17,11(138 *m; 12 49.
15 35,17 44.111 ilipm.
PHILADELPHIA, TWENTY - FOURTH
AND OHKSTNUT STS. Week days, 13 y3, 5 55,
8 35. 17 17,17 53, 8 DU. 18 40,19 9l. lo.'u, ill) III 45
a m; 112 24, 126,112 49, 3 26, 4 55,15uS, 8 31, 17 44,
8 36. 10 00. Ill (JO p m.
Sundays, 13 08,8 35. 1717. 8 00. 9 00. 110 36. 11 4(1
a iu; 1 23, 12 49, 3 25, 4 65. 15 36, 631, 17 44,
8 25, in00,11100pm.
PHILADELPHIA. TWELFTH AND MAR
KET STREETS. Week days, 13 03, 17 17. 18 40,
lid 38, a m; 12 49,1 7 44, 111 Oil p m,
PHILADELPHIA, Sundays, 13 08, 17 17, 110 38
a m; 12 49, 17 44, 111 00 p m.
Chester, week days. 13 It), 5 55, 6 35, 17 17.17 63,
8 ID, 18 40, •9». HMD, 110;«, HI 45a m: 1 25, 12 49,
3 25, 4 55, 13 35, 6 31, 17 44, 8 23. ip 00, Hl «I p m.
Chester, Sundays, «8 OB, 8 85, 17 17, 8 00,
ho;«). 11411 a m; I 23, 12 49, 3 26. 4 &5, ISoLsai.
17 44, 8 25, 10 00, 11100 p m. jS
Atlantic City, week days, '
112 2(. 1 25, 12 49 p m; Sundays, 17
12 49 p m.g
m; 112 24
1717 a; m:
17, '.8 id a m;
Baltimore and Washington, week dayr,
18 32. a m; 11218, 12116, 3 ID. 14 34,
18 58 p m. Sundays, 14 15, 702,
18 :12 a on 112 16, 12 05,8 US, 14 34, 18 12. 18 58 p m.
Baltimore and Way Stations, lit a m.303
p. m dally.
14 15. 7 02,
18 08, 1812.
Del., week days. 14 15, 7 02, 18 32
a m; 112 16. 3 (14, 14 34, 16 08,7 36, 18 12,18 68, 11 10
p m. Sundays 14 15, 702.1831 am. 112 18.3IM,
14 31, 7 35,18 12.18 58, It 10 p m.
Pittsburg, 18 32 a m, 14 34 p m, dally,
t'blcago, 18 32, a m; 14 81, p m, dally.
Cincinnati and 8t- Louis, 112 1« p m, and
18 58 p m. dally.
New Uneaus, via Bristol and Chattanooga
■» 58 p m, dally. Through sleeper to New Or
Hlngerly accommodation, 7 02 a ro, 8 08. 7 35
and U 10 p m, daily.
Laudenberg accommodation, week days,
7 02, 8 32 a m; 2 >6 and 5 43 p m. Sundays, 9 30
am: 53] pm.
Trains leave Market street station:
For New York, week days, 18 23 a in.
For Philadelphia, week days, 6 20,17 33,18 20,
111 tOa m; 2 55,9 45 p m. Sundays, 6 20, a m;
H» 2 55.9 46 pm.
PllRiburg and Chicago, week davs, *8 10» rn.
Baltimore, week days, n 5c. 18 AI a in; 2 5>,
I6«i pm. Sunday 1 56 pm.
For Landenberg and way stations, week
6 50. 8 30 a m; 2 15, 5 40 p in. Mmdays.
9 2$ a m: 5 40 p m.
LEAVE PHILADELPHIA- TWENTY
FOURTH AMI CHESTNUT STS., FOR
WILMINGTON.week days.19 37.6(»,r 20,18 00,
10 0L, 111 42 a m; 12«) noon: 11115, *145. 21».
8 15.14 I», 4 31). 15 00.15 31. 6 86,1610.« 3o, 27 as,
18 23. 10 10 and 1135 pm. _
Sundays, 13 37, 6 («I, 18 00. 8 30, 10 00. Ill 42 a
m: 12 00 noon: 1135, 2 00. 3 16, 14 03.
6 30.1738, 18 23. 10 «* and 11 35 p nn
LEAVE PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH
AND MARKET STS. Weeks .lay, 13 20,17 43,
11128, a m; 13 46 1o 18,17 22. p >c. Sundays,
13 20, 17 40. Ill 2« am; 13 4«. 17 22, pm.
Telephone No 103. .
Rales to Western Points lower than via
other Une. C. O. SCULL. Gen'l Pass. Aizei
ft. «. CAMPBELL. General M»lTwf'" U
W ILMINGTON AND NORTHERN RAIL
ROAD. Time table in effect May 20th.
Traîne leave Wilmington, French street
station, for B. * O, Junction, Montchanln,
WL terthur. Onyetimurt, Gianogne, Coesart,
Chadds* Ford Junction, Pocopeon, Weet
Cheetbr, Kmbreevllle, Mortonvlllo, Cuatee
vllleand Intermediate stations, dally, except
Sunday, at 7 35 a ai, 2 35, 4 40 and 5 45 p m;
Sunday only at 8 05 a m; 1 Si, 4 50 p m. Dally
at 7 30 p m.
For Waynesburg Junction, Springfield and
Intermediate stations, dally, except Sunday,
at 7 35 a m, 2 35 and 5 45 p to, Sundays only at
8 06 a m. 1 » and 4 5(1 p m.
For Joanna, Blrdsboro, Reading and Inter
mediate stations, dally, except Sunday, ot
7 3o a m and 2 83 p m. Sunday only at8u6 a
m and 1 35 p m.
A- Q, M cOAUSLANDl. Superintendent,
IftMtflfi 1 PR' 1 *** 1 » Gen. 1 'mm
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