Newspaper Page Text
DR. COOK TELLS HOW HIS EXPEDITION HEADED TOWARD
THE UNKNOWN IN SUPREME EFFORT TO REACH THE POLE EVERY OUNCE OF SURPLUS WEIGHT REMOVED AT OUTSET THE NORTH POl.E AND THE MIDNIGHT SUN — THE MOST REMARKABLE PICTURES IN THE HISTORY OE PHOTOGRAPHY, TAKEN BY DR. COOK. ■■n k t: A* i '• < V • •'V > ; <; % m&z & ; y* - i*. m V ■ : AT, •' « i c M. ■ ■ Wk -m #. -Sr„> pc. - - m ■ ; . t ? -5 'i* iv. rflaii iraStSsi . ■ > 1 - ;<f : K * 11 . *; ■ IK&gn UW -! ■ ; ■ ■ jr, )« ■; - iiid •% <•« " * SF » o 1 &w:. . il ri# ! 1 ■ Jl V*.- v *>.,. • A rrHE, MXfci^TLôïii? j^cnsr phdtoörapheiis &T -XSR.. COOK. JDX2ECCtf& TTtÔ crouRUËSr 1Y2 *r«EÎ TOI,!!, . »Horte. coryni^HTT 190» ev tm» n.y. mlracd co. R****» Party Reduced to Two Eskimos and 26 Dogs for the Final Great Dash Everything Was Sacrificed to Progress as the Ex plorers Started on Last Lap rf the Journey. Copyright, 1909, by the New Tork Herald Cotupa Ileglstered in Canada In accordance with the Copyrl ' Copyright In Mexico under the laws of the Repu' All Rights Reserved. ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦»y ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ 4 4 SYNOPSIS or Cl 1APTEPS PRINTED Î ♦ ♦ In t\e firtrl instalment of hit thrilling story,"The Conquest of the Pole." 4 printed m the HB HAU) of Wednesday, September IS, Dr. Frederick A. e Cook told of the « fort from Gloucester on the Rradlry, of the voyage to the poUtr seas and of the overhauling en route of the equipment needed for the \ : dash to the pole. In a graphic manner the oiseoverer wrote a story of Eskimo Ufa that 4 no uer has been eacelled for human interest. He told of the home life, the * tragedy and comedy that mingle in the dreary erietence of the dwellers in the Arctic, and of the chüdlike eagerness of the natives to trade their valuable (ure and ivories for the simplest things of dviUsntton. The yacht, her owner, Ur. John R. Bradley, the rtrplorcr and his party teere pictured in their prelitninary work for the final dash. Finally, after describing the various places visited in Greenland in search 4 of guides and information as to conditions further north. Dr. Cook wrote 4 of the trip across Ingle field Gulf, pest Cope Auckland and on toward Cape * Robertson. Here the discoverer dosed the first port of his narrative, with Etah and * Annootok, the last point* of call, looming in the icy distance. In the second instalment Dr. Cook described the voyage to Etah and then on to Annootok, the place of plenty, which he selected as the base for 4 his dash to the pole. t In the third instalment the explorer describes the work of preparing his 4 icintor quarters, closing «nth a graphic description of a narwhal hunt. 7 In the fourth instalment Dr. Cook describes the approach of the long 4 Arctic night, which caused his party at Annootok to become very active in pre X paring for the dash to the pole. : : ♦ ♦ : ; : : ♦ ♦ Fifth instalment THE CONQUEST OF THE POLE. By Dr. Frederick A. Cook. Copyright, 1909, by the New York Herald Company. Registered In Canada in accordance with the Copyright Act opyrlght In Mexico under the laws of the Republic of Mexico. All Rights Reserved. •tin) were sent to the American shores to explore a route and to advance supplied. Clouds and storms made the moonlight days dark and ARLT in January of 190 k the campaign opened. A few sit c therefore, these advance expeditions were only partly successful. On February 19, 1908, the main expedition started for the Klt-ven men driving one hundred aud three dogs and moving eleven i .„H,. î „1 ,i„ i„*i. . u„ n.at.nlun.1 „ .. • . . heavily loaded sleds, left the Oreenland shore and pushed west . .. . .. . , ^ ... u - . ,, 1 „ , . ward, over the troublesome ice Of huntll Sound, to Cape Sabine. The gloom of the long winter night was but little relieved by a " J ew Hours of dav light, aud the temperature was verj low. : , ■ Rh eg S&9 - b *£, >• - V I >v - • •ä-T^s. |atv.vi4fcsiix. , ^ ... .V , U , •■ ■■■ .. i_ ■ • •••:>..•,. »... . JH i , mWmm ' «te ■ (, ■ ■EBm « > f '; ! i . K> • * ^ Pi j^ 1 .... ■*4;.._ ^ mm ■ "v ' I ;Üö £4» M ■ ■ S Hi: ' -' ■ü » Vn&l m m ■ G ■■ ■ ■ V *< é . : m e ; ; ; , SÄ - &SÊ ä & ,-i a ■M , >V:.' .'V v. V y at a-Mir ï> ca.tr. ß*RiL jz.a.a!T iqoo, ixm.. Cooft 3=3-io'x*oc^re a r^r=CE V e» tlx? -bskikd cî ot<u»AjsrrjO.T-nj^ varcAJstoxjesrö CW e£c«Eî», CÎXOE 03E* TJrCBS CflARS J>3rRXF3BiJ> w. Passing through a valley between Files-1 Land and Griunetl Land from the| mere head of Flagler Ray in crossing to the! Pacific slopes the temperature fell to Sit) co degrees below zero Fahrenheit. In Hay Fjord ninny musk oxen secured, and though the winter frost was at its lowest there was little with an abundance of fresh meat and also uni and fat for fuel the life in (lie snow house proved fairly comfortable. The ice in Knreku mid Nansen sounds) proved fairly smooth, and long marches were made, with an abundance of game, musk ox, hear and hares. We found it quite unnecessary to use the supplies taken from Greenland. Caches of food and am munition were left along Heiberg Island for the return. Thus we managed to ke- -> in game trails and in excellent fighting trim to the end of known lauds. Camping in the chill o' the frowning cliffs of the coast (Srtrtevog). we n llllnz Savage Hands. northernmost looked out over the heavy ioc of the polar seas through eyes which had been hardened to the worst polar environments. There was at hand an abundance of supplies, with willing savage hands and a superabundance of brute force in over fed pelts, but for a greater certainty of action over the unknown regions beyond I resolved to reduce the force to the smallest numbers consistent with the execution of the problem in bund. We had travelled nearly four hundred| There re miles in twenty-eight days. Imained a line of five hundred and twenty miles of unknowable trouble to be over leomc before our goal could be reached. For this final task we were provided with every conceivable device to ease this hard lot, but in addition to a reduced party 1| uow definitely resolved to simplify the| entire equipment. At Svarteveg a big as made. In this cache fresh 1 1 ""'" ,lnn ' pemmican and much other food, together with all discarded articles: , ( of equipment, wore left , I , V"' "° 1 '' W,rd a * ra "" evcry acl " r ot ,h *-' dog tram bad been carefully 'watched and studied to provide a perfect working force for the filial reach over the Polar Sea. KtukiamtR and VUwelah. two To have increased this party would not, have enabled ns to carry supplie» tor ' greater number of days. The sleds might young Kskimos, each twcnly years old. had been chosen as best fitted to he my [sole companions in the long run of dis tiny. Twenty-sis dogs were picked aud sleds were loaded all our needs upon twi for a slay of eighty days. .%!! f*»r I'rovr^Mi have been loaded mure heavily, bat this would reduce the important progress of the first days. With the character of ice which we had before us advance stations were im possible, A largo expedition aud a heavy equipment seemed imprudent. We must or lose in a prolonged effort at high « m,ssurc a,,d ' U,prcfore ' a,lsolu,e ™ ut, • , ' 1 nnd ra,e of «'^lability to a changing environment must he assured, It is impossible to adequately control the complex human temperament of un known men in the pola r wilderness, but the two Kskimo boys could be trusted to follow to the limit of my own endeavors, and our sleds were burdened only with absolute necessities, Because of the importance of a light and officient equipment much care was taken , 0 eliminate every ounce of weight The s )eds were made of hickory, tlie lightest every needless fibre was gouged out. The wood consistent with great endurance, but iron slices were ground thin, and in every way the weight of nearly everything was reduced even after leaving headquartc The little train, therefore, whicli fol icwcd me into tho further mystery was composed of two sleds, each carrying si hundred pounds, drawn by thirteen dogs. und e r the lash of an expert driver. Tire combined freight wae aa follows;—I'emnii-1 can, &05 pounds; musk ox tenderloin, -All pounds; todnu, 35 pouuds; tea, 2 pound»;!Sound coffee, 1 pound; sugar, 25 pounds; con 1 ' iden»ed milk. -10 pound» ; milk biscuits, 00 >' uun<1 ^ pt ' a P0W ' krvd auU com ' pressed, 10 pounds; surprises, 5 pound»; petroleum, 40 pounds: wood alcohol, t . 1 pounds; candles. 3 pounds; mntcle pound. The camp equipment included the fob ' .1 aluminum pails. .1 aluminum cups. ■' Julumlnum teaspoons, 1 tablespoon, 3 tin [plates, 0 pocket knives, 'J butcher knives, rifle (Winchester, .331; 110 cartridges. 1 | hatchet, 1 alpine axe, extra line and lash-j mgs. per»* :ml bugs. The skMl eguipimnt was 2 «Ms, weigh niinniU . m-li I fohlin * * * canvas boat, ol pounds; 1 s.lk tent. 2 canvas sled covers. 2 sleeping bags (rein deer skin), floor furs, extra wood for sled The < ami» lo|illpmrct. lowing articles;—! blow fire lamp (Jeuel), (10 inchest, 1 saw knife (13 inches), 1 [long knife (15 inches). 1 rille (Sharps), l mg repairs, screws, nails and rivets. The instruments were us follows:—3 compasses, 1 sextant, 1 artificial horizon glass, 1 pedometer, 3 pocket chronome ters, 1 watch, charts, map making ma terial and instruments. 3 thermometers, 1 aneroid barometer, 1 camera and films, note books and pencils. Thu personal hags contained tour extra pairs of kamiks. with fur stockings, a| 1 woollen sUirt, three pairs of sealskin unt tens, two pairs of fur mittens, a piece of blanket, a sealskin coat (nctslia), a repair kit for mending clothing and dog harness, extra fox tails. At this time on the inarch we wore snow goggles, blue fox coats (kupitahs), hirdskin shirts, woollen drawers, bearskin pants, kamiks aud liarcskiu stockings. We fastened a band -of fox tails under the knee and about the waist. * Kooloolingwah and Inugito were selected, The other six Eskimos prepared to turn. One sled was left with the caché to insure a good vehicle for onr return in case the two sleds were badly broken A half gale was blowing into Nansen llrlpInK me Advance. On the morning of March 18 prepara tions were made to divide the parly. The advance must bo helped over the rough ice of the pack edge, and for this purpose from the northwest, but this not interfere with the starting of those , »-«tin««« with ,1 " luu *° ,n ' Ksklnlos - Wr, ' !l abundant game for the return they required little but ammunition to supply their want* When the wont was given to „rt the étude were gathered and the sleds'wen* en route. Soon they dtsap spanned with n jump. Ipeared in the rush of driving srow The) crack of the whips and the rebound of cheering voices was the last which we heard of the faithful savage supporters, They had followed not for pay, but for a 1Pn | ( | os ire to be helpful, from the dark days of the ending of night to the brightj nights of the coming double days, and their parting enforced a pang of loneli-. M ith a snow* charged Idast in our faces j it W1 ,s quite impossible for ns to start, s»j we withdrew to the snow igloo, entered jour bags and slept a few hours longei. Al x * e llori *° n d**tvd 9 the wiml, vtH * rel l to the southwest und canie witliin endurable force. The dogs had been, doubly fed the night before: they were not to be fed again for two days. The twelve hundred pounds of freight " ere packed on our sleds, and quickly we slipped around deep grooves in the great paleocrystic floes. The snow bud been swept from the ice by the force of the preceding storms, and the speed attained by the dogs through even rough ice was such that it was Ill'KH, difficult to keep far enough ahead to get a good course. The crevasses and pressure lines gave little trouble at firs;, but the hard irregu la «*-v of .lie hared ice offered a dangor ions surtucc for the life of our sleds, passing through blue gorges among miniature mountains of sea ice. On a course slightly west of north we soon passed the hold headland which rises at the northern point of Heiberg Island. lamp In Pllolied. After a mu of twenty-six miles we pitched camp on a flocherg of unusual height. There were many big hummocks about, to the lee of which were great bunks of hardened snow. Away from land it is always more difficult to find snow suitable for cutting building blocks, but here was an abundance conveniently placed. In the course of an hour a com fortable palace of crystal was erected, and into it we crept out of the piercing w-iud. Tho first day's march over the re-1circumpolar sen was closed with a good record. The dogs curled up and went to slc.'p without a call, as it they V- w there would be no food until the mo. 'ow. My Wild companions covered their faces w ith did)their convenient long hair and sank quietly into a comfortable slumber, but c,. r me .i«.n m.it.. ii»»«uihie iet for ma sleep was quite Impossible, l et ters must be written. The whole problem |of our campaign must be again carefully studied, and final plans must be made not only to reach our ultimate destination With Eleven Men and 103 Dogs, Expedition Left the Winter Base February 19. TEMPERATURE 83 BELOW ZERO but for the returninR parties and foe the security of the things at Annootok. It was difficult at this time to even guess at the probable line of our return to land. Much depended upon conditions encountered in the northward route. Though we had left cachés of supplies with the object of returning along Nansen Sound into Cannon Fjord and over Ar thur l.and I entertained grave doubts of our ability to return that way. If the ice drifted strongly to the east we might not have the choice of working out our owu return. In' that event we might be carried perhaps helplessly to Greenland and must seek a return either along the |east coast or the west coast. This drift did not offer a dungeroua hardship, for the musk oxen would keep us alive to the west, and to the east it seemed possible to reach Shannon Island, where the liuldwin-Ziegler expedition had abandoned a large caché of supplies. It appeared not improbable also that a large | an 4 extension might offer a safe return much farther west. Because of this uncertainly Francke was instructed to wait until June 5, 1908. ,,,,,[ j f wt , ,]j ( ] ,m, return he was told to , llai , e Koolootingvvuh in charge and go either by the whalers or by the ;lanisb sldps to the south. No ri>|ic . f w , lk . h ho collld offer would j le jp ^ and to wait fur an indetiuito t j mc a j one W ould have inflicted a need L , mr(lship Th|s aud many other in 8trucü0IJS were prepared for Koolooting wah and Jnuwito to take back. In the morning the frost in crystals bad been swept from the air, but there remained a humid chill which pierced to the bones. The ''temperature was minus 50 Fahrenheit, A light air came from the west and the sun burned in a freezing blue. After a few hours' march the ice changed in character. The extensive thick fields gave place to moderate sized tiocs. The floes were separated by zone* of troublesome crushed ice thrown into high pressure lines, which offered seriona barriers, but with the ice axe and Kskinio ingenuity we managed to'tnake fair prog ress. The second run on the polar sea was with twenty-one miles to our credit I hud expected to send the supporting party back from here, but progress hud not been us good as expected. Wo could hardly spare the food to feed their dogs, so they volunteered to push along another day without dog food. On the next day, with increasing diffi culties in dome troublesome be, we camped, after making only sixteen miles. Here a small snow house was bui't, and from here, after disposing of a pot of steaming musk ox lotus and broth, fol lowed by a double brew of tea, our lust helpers returned. With empty sleds aud hungry dogs ped to reach hull in one long they I day's travel. But this would make the fourth day without food for their dogs, aud iu case of storm or moving ice other days of famine might easily (all to their lot. They bail, however, an abundanee of dogs and might sacrifice a few for the benefit of the others, as wc must ofteu do. I Knit of' Fifth limtalmrnt.