Newspaper Page Text
DR. COOK WRITES OF THE WEIRD ATTRACTION OF THE
LIFELESS WORLD OF THE MID-POLAR FIELD OF MOVING ICE TRAVERSED BY THE EXPEDITION IN ITS SUCCESSFUL DASH r I _ i • < i -Æ, !» I ;V ?g , -, -• 'i < . 3 M V ■ . t mm ;*<'< ' '"1 ..... •ïrnÀr ? ' 3p»59»5f!?' •* / ij no* \ '■ m JB: K THE NEW LAND COPVielûHT 1909 *w TM It M.V. HERALD CO • ALL KKSHTS «SERVED Hissing Spouts of Arctic Air Drive Over the Party, No tv Nearing the Big Goal But When the Atmosphere Clears and It Is Possible to Breathe Without Being Choked by Crys tals a Little Blue Is Seen in the West. i / 7 / THEN, WITH FULL STOMACHS, DOGS AND NÆN —i)NCE MORE MOVE ONWARD TO THE NORTH Much . € Frightful Storm, However, Has Disturbed rhe Pack and Time and Distance Are Lost in Seeking a Line of Travel That Can Be Worked On. Copyright, 1000, by the New York Herald Company. Registered In Canada in accordance with' the Copyright Act. Copyright in Mexico under the taw» of the Itepublic of Mexico. All Klghta Uotwrved. I • » « * ♦ ; SYNOPSIS OP CHAPTERS PRINTED ; ♦ ♦ In the first imtalmrnt o/ his thrillinff story, "The Cotn 7 «c»l of ths Pole. * printed I« the Herald of Wednesday, Soplcmhcr 15, l>r. Frederick A. Cook J told of the start from Gloucester on the liradleu , of the royaye to lh« polar « seas and of ike overhauling en routs of the equipment needed for the dash to ^ the pole. Jn a graphic manner the discoverer wrote a sloe y of Ksfcimo life that never * has been ewe riled for human interest. He told of the home I i/o. the tragrdu * and oomrdy that mingle in the dreary existence of lha dwellers in the Arctic, * and of the childlike eagerness of the natives to trade their valuable furs and * ivories for the simplest things of civilisation. J The yacht, her owner, Ur. John B. Hradley, the explorer and his party « ivere pictured in their preliminary mark for the final dash. J Finally, after describing the various places visited in Greenland in search * j of guides and information as to conditions further north. Dr. Cook wrote of J 4 the trip across Ingle field Gulf, past Capo Auckland and on touord Cape f Robertson. Here the discoverer closed the first part of his narrnfive, tcilh Utah and Annootok, the last points of call, looming in the icy distance. In the second instalment Dr. Cook described the voyage to Eiah and then ♦ 4 on to Annootok, the place of plenty, which he selected as the basa tor his dash 0 to the pole. In the third instalment the explorer described the work of preparing his winter quarters, closing with a graphic description of a narwhal hunt. In the fourth instalment Dr. Cook described the approach of the long X Arctic night, tehico caused his party at Annootok to become very active in f preparing for the dash to the paid. In the fifth instalment Dr. Cook told of the actual start on February 19, ♦ ♦ 1908. and described the equipment he took for his great final dash. ' J X In the sixth instalment the disegverer told of the first progress of his little ♦ t party and the list sight of land, and his adventures on the perilous trip with X X the two Eskimos who went to the pole with him. v Jn the seventh instalment Or. Cook described how his Eskimo X ions saecd his Ufa. In the eighth chapter Dr. Cook gave a vital picture of the terrors of the Arctic cold. * ♦ : : i ; ♦ : ♦ ♦ . ♦ compaa ♦ ♦ : ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ Ninth Instalment THE CONQUEST OF THE POLE, By Dr. Frederick A. Cook. Copyright. 1900, by the New York Herald Company. Registered In Canada In accordance with the Copyright Act. Copyright In Mexico under the laws of the Republic of Mexico. All Rights Reserved. WAKENED in the course of a few hours by drifts of A snow about our feet, it was noted (hat the wind had burrowed h<> 1 <M iu the Weak spots through the snow wall. Still Wf , were bound uol to 1 m . beal. d out of a |,. w hours' si. i , . , _ , w nours Bleep, and with one eye opened we turned over. Later 1 was awakened by falling a snow blocks. Forcing ray bead out of the ice encased hood, 1 saw that the dome had been swept away and that wo wore being buried under dangerous weight of snow. In some way 1 had tossed about suffi eiently during sleep to keep on top of the accumulating drift, but ?orapanious were out of sight and did not respond to n loud call. After a little search a blowhole was located, and in response to another ckll came Eskimo shouts. Violent efforts were made to free their bags, but the snow settled on them tighter with each tussle. I was surprised a few moments later as 1 was digging their breathing nlace open to feel them burrowing through the snow. They my < 1 * c « ^s» pniRiiw» & tmtr fv Ï* '-Zr* T*h ' V % JP 7 Bt, ■ » Jr # - p ..... SJf . . . r"4.. K ■ • »7 y •r i ... ^ «* ♦» * -v - * v rr at ■< n#*. % p Jtr&KBß * .> ■" fP* t y F . *<2 . TOi A* -fl P ■>% m L ' bMP % MOW HOUSE CAMP A TJeOUBX.BSOM£ ♦ PRESSURE ANTCrLE COPYRIOHT 1909 -*V TM*3 c-t . VI MtRALB CO. ALL WföHTS RESEfcVED n> qy -iW 1 1. TV I north 0 Rate o/ \ \ Sp m x. > tS \ oÆEÀIRy -3 C.WASHINGTON v Sr*" 14 ' 1 *"* d juLAire x \ -° , b 0H fc* c f PM/liSl f *r S3jMu,t* *N SP** 9 7 J or ■RADLEY NIC SS»' B*,V ei / »23 / IF / / ST-* <3. oV a 9 i ,7*> r. T M (Em LMDSEN MARCH 16 '.EfT IHa rs / 7 7 (M i8 t** IR GttCj RINGmS isA.bnn> ,o* p W [m&L m W//ÛOTOA TAH KINÛ iV9] <■ V o iJT4 J SI <a < l s î ^ATRtMsrk 0 o Ç MAP SHOWING DR.COOK^S PROGRESS DAY BYDAV OVER THE POLAR, ICE. c* o «0^ > o o ■■ 4 uPERNßvm o Lancaster . mss i solti&d nPi \ \ vL.,-j«r gg j- h a fl entered the bag without undressing anJ half emerged with shirt and pants '" ll "" b baro foet After a little more digging their boots, were uncovered, and Uten, with protected feet, the bag was freed and placed to the side of the igloo. Into it the boys crept in full dross, except coats. I rolled out to their side in my bag. Tower« of Glitter. The air came in hissing spouts, like jets of steam from an engine, but soon after noon of the 29th the ice under our heads brightened, breathe without being choked with float ing crystals, and as the ice about the facial furs was broken a little blue was detected in the west. The dogs were freed of snow entangle ments and led. and a shelter was made It became possible to in which to melt snow and make tea. A uu,|a,iublc ration was eaten aud then the Soon the sun burst through the seitarat ing Ü" S ^ .p^ InTw"™ of glitu , r The wind tllpn CPnseJ cntirplv nnd a gcrno of cr} Stal glory n . aB lnill over the storm swept fields. With full stomachs, fair weather and a much needed rest we moved with inspirations anew. Indeed, wc felt refreshed as one docs after a cold bath. The pack had been much disturbed and considerable time and distance were lost in seeking a workable line of travel. Camping at tuidnigbt, we hud only made nine miles for the day's effort. Awaking in time for observations the morning of the 30th, the weather found beautifully clear. The fog, which sleds began to move again. on a a i had persistently screened the west, had tanislied and laud was discovered at some distance extending parallel to the line of march, from the southwest to northwest The observations placed ns at latitude 84 deg. 30 min., longitude 95 deg. 36 min. ■ .and Cloud« Seen. In the occasional clearing spells for several days wc had seen sharply defined land clouds drifting over a low band of pearly fog, and we bad expected to see land when this veil lifted. We had, however, not anticipated to see so long a of coast The land as we saw it gave the impression of ing two islands, but our observations were insufficient to warrant such an assertion. They may be islands, they may be part of a larger land extending fnr to the west. What of the most southerly coast In waa been fHVTMKAPKÎ DR. FREDERICK A. COOK. r Snow Clad Land Is Found Close to the 102d Meridian Resembling Heiberg Island Or. Cook Describes Accurately the Position of This Polar Continent and Gives Its Peculiarities and What He Could Learn of Its Contour and Height. ON APRIL 3 THE THERMOMETER AGAIN SINKS, BUT THE BAROMETER IS STEADY Then Come Long Marches, and as the Ice Steadily Improves the Little Party Is Encouraged—Weariness, However, Is Marked and Houses Are Seldom Built. NOW FAR BEYOND THE RANGE OF ALL OTHER LIFE extends from S3 deg. 30 min. to 83 deg. 31 min., close to the 103d meridian. This land has an irregular mountainous sl.y line, is perhaps eighteen hundred feet high and resemble« in its upper roaches the highlands of Hcihcrg island. i) lime visible. t The lower shore line was at This land is probably a part of Crocker Land. From 84 deg. 23 min., extending to 83 deg. 11 in in., close to the 102d meridian, the coast is quite straight. Its upper sur face is flat and mostly ice capped, rising in steep cliffs to feet. (inotly seen that we were unable to de tect glacial streams or ice walls, lands were hopelessly buried under ac bout twelve hundred The lower surface was so indis Both cumulated snows. We were eager to set foot on the new ly discovered coast, for we believed then, proved by later experience, that these were the earth's northernmost rocks, but tlie pressing need for rapid advance in the aim ot our main mission did not per Ucsoliitions were rein ■ IS mit ot detours, forced and energy was harbored to press onward for the pole in an air line. Fair Marche«» Made. Every observation, however, indicated easterly drift, and a westerly course must bo continuously forced to couuter balaucc the movement. A curtain was drawn over the land iu the afternoon of March 31, and we saw no more ot it. Pay after day we now pushed along in desperate northward effort*, winds and fractured, irregular ice in creased the difficulties; progress 'was HU Strong slow. In one way or another we managed to gain a fair march between storms during leach twenty-four hours. In an occasional spell of stillness mirages spread screens of fantasy out for our entertainment. Curious cliffs, odd shaped mountains and inverted ice walls were displayed in at-) tractive colors. Discoveries were made often, but with clearer horizon the decep tion was detected. On April 3 the barometer remained steady and the thermometer sank. The weather became settled aud clear. The pack became a more permanent glitter of color and joy. At nöon there was now a dazzling light, while the sun at mid night sank for but a few moments under a persistent northerly haze, leaving the frosted blues bathed in noonday splendor. In those days we made long marches. The ice steadily improved. Field* be- ( came larger aud thicker, the pressure, lines less frequent and less troublesome, Nothing changed materially; the horizon moved, our footing was seemingly a solid crust of earth, but it shifted eastward; all was in motion. Often we were too tired to build snow bouses, and in sheer exhaustion we bivouacked in the lee of Here the overworked body hummocks, called for sleep, but the mind refused to close the eye. la a Lifeless World. There vu a weird attraction in the anomal/ of oar Boxroandiaj» wiüch t aroused the spirits. We bad passed be yond the range of all life. For many data we had not seen a suggestion of animated nature. There were no longer footprints to indicate o(hcr life, no breath spouts escaped from the frosted bosom of the sea. Kvon the sea algae of the surface waters were no longer detected. We were all alone—all alone in a lifeless world. Wo had come to this mental blank in slow but progressive Stages. As wc sailed from the barren areas of the fisher folk along the outposts of civilization the com plex luxury of the metropolis was lost and the brain called for food. Beyond, in the half savage wilderness of Danish Cireeoland, there was the dawn of a new life of primitive delight. Still further along, in the Ultima Thule of the aborigines, the sun rose over the days of prehistoric Joy*. Advancing beyond the haunts of mau, we reached the noonday splendor of thought in times before man's creation. Now, as wc pushed beyond the habitat of all creatures—ever onward—into the sterile wastes, the sun sets. Beyond was night and hopelessness. With eager eyes scinched the dusky plains of frost, but there was no speck ot life to grace the \N » purple run of death, lu this uiid-polar basin the Ice does uot It is readily escape and disentangle, probably in motion at all times of the ud in the readjustment of the fields year, u tullowiu^ motion and expansion tbcrc are open spaces of water, and these during most mouths are quickly sheeted with new ice. Mea.urtnsc the Icc. Jn these troubled areas we were given frequent opportunities to measure ice thickness, aud from our observations we to the conclusion that the ice have come during one year does not freeze to a depth of more than ten feet. But much of the ice of the central pack reached a depth of from tweny to tw-enty-five feet, and occa sionally we crosse^ fields fifty feet thick. invariably showed the signs of of surface upbuilding. f rom below. increase in size after that is probably j n jbe main the result of addition to the These many years It is very difficult to surmise the amount of submerged freezing after the first year, but the very uniform thickness of the Ant arctic sea icc leads to the suggestion (hat a limit is reached in the second year, when the Ice, with its cover of snow, is so thick that very little is added afterward superstructure. Frequent falls of snow, combined witb the alternate melting ami freezing of summer and a process similar to the upbuilding of glacial ice, arc mainly responsible for the growth in thickness. The very heavy, undulating fields which give character to the mid-polar ice and escape along the east and west coasts <J Greenland are therefore mostly aug mented from the surface. ' j Jük' mi Math Isntslmeat.