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V * ft President Taft's Vacation Problem -♦ u r~ SUPREME COURT • j! tCHAMBER.WAj H INGTON! I >■ \ S ■■ i .. - I *: . \ ? jr\ % 4 kW t / > \ . 3 # c 1 ft i . ^ ■ r< ■ **>' ■;'. il ,t 1 I .jpf y- 7 ■V ■ ■ ** * u Y i : I i l u ,t. » £k£$ u / X ! V. ■ V ; !« N» .:, / ' « K*$ ■ |r*v k «| Mi ijatl i , «if ;ias ■ JBSalMONR CHASE 1 / i 1864-1873 I " ' -v , \5 ", \\ > A ■ 7 F JÔHN RUTLED6I 1765-1795 LIBERTY BELL.WHICH] jl BROKE TOLLING FOR 1 ;^ MARSHALL'S DEATH 1 | P, s* r > ' I » S} > : By CHARLES N. LURIE. ^ ■ 'x L S'®! r I (ROGER B.TANEYf . 1 I836 r l864 I c no man envy the president of the United States his summer , -g . -V ■ I sojourn at Beverly, his rounds of the Rolf links, his trips on the presidential yacht. With his casting off of some of the rares of hla office, he has had with him In his vacation time the burden ef a great care, the solution of n mo mentous problem—the question of the appointment Of a man to fill a posi tion scarcely Inferior to the presidency » Itself, In the opinion of many wise » men—that of the chief justice of the ?' supreme court of the United States, I left vacant by the death of Melville W Puller. Appointment of a chief justice of • the supreme court Is a duty that has I .-4 H. ~4.\ I > ■> m m 11 Coincident ■A ■■ w »notner lurnmg point in our history. Chief Justice Taney died Oct. 12, 1884, on the day on which his native state. Maryland, abolished slavery within Its borders. It may not be known gen erally that his name Is pronounced ns though' spelled "Tawney" and that he was a brother-in-law "f Francis Scott Key. author of "The Star Spangled Banner," to whose sister he was mar ried. Chase's Appointment s Surprise. The appointment of Salmon P. Chasa f , 'tv ii i 1 i * jSÀ ■* \ M ligi i ' fm \ -JÊ-Î ; / L § MELVILLE W.FULLER] 1 _ 1888- 1910 j ©NAVC 6 AU_J !J MORRI .WAl jOUVER ELLSWORTH 1 , 1796-1800 JOHN MARSHAL >801-fB35 [JOHN JAY 1 ^ 11789-1795 1874-1888 devolved heretofore on only six presl dents Washington, the elder Adams Jackson. Lincoln, Grant and Cleve land. They brought to Its fulfill ment the highest powers of their In " tellecta. and It Is certain that Mr. Taft | ; haa felt the force of their example . » There have been but eight chief Jua lines, all of them men of the very hlgh • «at .»'legal qualifications, breadth of •'C n "°. deep learning and judicial tern perament and fitted by experience to eXP 1 ™r.V. ".w Pr< » ra I , ° f r n * os co, jellt'illoii , np h r" 1 ' *d* t"' ,B trl°us John Marsha», has been called the greatest Lug ish speskln* Jurist of nil time Hrlt sh authorities doubtless enter dis vltlng tha men who nave rendered illuminating expositions if the common law, hut they Join In paying tribute to Marshall's learning , tnd character. The men who have sat In the high r«t seat of judicial honor In the United v States. If not In the world, have been t following: John Jay of New York. John Rutledge of South Carolina. Oil ver Ellsworth of Connecticut, John Marshall of Virginia, Roger Brooke Floating Home of the President w HEN the president's flag welcomed them home to Yankeeland with Us national coat of j arms emblazoned on th* navy, she 1 s kept In exquisitely In alr.e and In furnishings the May- ! neat condition, her smartness being a ! flower compares favorably with the j accentuated by her coat of dazzling The fine lines of the •as built for crula "the president's j built In 1896 for tho late Ogden Goelet, 1 Ing at medium speed aa well ns for yacht." At other times she Is a mils- the New York millionaire, who did not comfort, have attracted the admiring er on the regular Hat of the navy. I llx-e long to enjoy possession of the notice of many marine observers. The The "other times" are few. especially ! beautiful craft. It Is not quits sooth- Interior of the Mayflower does not re In the summer, since the president of Ing to American pride to reflect that semble that of a warship, thus belying the United States, being a normal hu- j the yacht of tho prealdent of the In a way her place on the active list man being, cannot help having a Ilk- ] United States was built by Scottish of the nax-y's ships She Is decorated ing for the beautiful ship and a desire workingmen on the hanks of the Clyde, beautifully, principally In white, gold to spend much of hts time on board of The original coat of the Mayflower was and silver, and ex-ery provision Is made her. The navy list says that the May- t800.000 After Mr. Goelet's death the for the comfort of the president and flower Is detailed for "special service," yacht was offered for sate by hla wld-' hts guests. Thousands of dollars are blue background. Is raised royal yachts of Europe. Her birth- white pslnt. »vw the Vnited States ship May- } place wee Scotland* where «he was | Mayflower, which flower she become« '•Nl ils» Wm f t * / / I u. . b 1 fci usm* THE MAYFLOWER AND THE PRESIDENT'S FLAG. whlch means that she Is assigned to the personal use of the commander In chief of the navy and hts family. The proximity of President Taft's summer home at Beverly. Mass, to the beautlfu! north shore of Maasachu setts brings naturally thoughts of cruising, and he is expected to make considerable use of the Mayflower be fore the end of his vacation. He Is a good sailor, thanks to his numerous coyages on blue water, and he is be Moved to be quite as fond of the May flower as was Mr. Roosevelt The lat ter frequently expressed his delight on boarding the yacht, and he selected her as bis flagship when he bade adieu to the battleship fleet before Its de pgrture on the memorable around the world voyage. When the big ships returned triumphantly to Hampton Roads it was from the bridge of the Mayflower that President Roosevelt f Taney of Maryland. Salmon Portland Chase of Ohio, Morrison Repilrk Waite of Ohio and Melville W'eston Puller of minois Of the eight, Marshall, called , h o greatest of- them all, sat on the bench thirty-four years, from 1801 to j 8 .v,. H)s aiirresaor, Taney, served twenty-eight years, until 1864. Chase's term stretched over nine yean, from 1884 to 18 ' a Waite presided over the court for fourteen years, from 1874 to 1888. being followed by Fuller, who on ,Iu,y 4 ' " fter "' rvl "K twenty two years The shortest term of the eight was that of John Rutledge, who presided a tew months In 1795 without having been confirmed by the senate His mind gave way before his con firmatlon, and he was succeeded by Kllsworlb (1796 to 1800» The first chief justice, the famous John Jay—-I statesman, diplomat, author and tup porter of the constitution—was chief justice of the court from Its foundation In 1789 until 1796. when he resigned to become governor of New York. In Inter yeara his former place on the bench was offered to him when Klls-I worth died, but ho preferred private; ow. It was reported at one time that the late king of the Belgians had ac qutred her, but the report was un founded. The vessel was bought for »460.000 by the United States govern ment shortly before the Spanish American war and was converted Into a gunboat or small cruiser. The price paid by the government was consld ered a low one. The Mayflower is 270 feet long and Is of 2,690 tons burden. Her engines produce 4.700 horsepower, and she is propelled by twin screws. She carries a complement of about 170 officers and men and Is commanded at present by Commander Thomas Snowden. The Mayflower carries a few light guns, principally for use In firing salutes, Otherwise there is nothing In her ex ternal or Internal appearance to die tlngulsh her from private yachts of her size. Like all the other vessels of |• I THF «iiprfmf rrtiinT nF tuf iiMiTcn cTATFc in uinitcu aisles. The supreme court ia the living voice of the constitution—that ia, of tho will of the paople expressed in the fundamental law they have enacted. It is therefore, as some one has said, the conscience of the people, who have resolved to restrain themselves from hasty or unjust action by placing their representatives under the restriction of a parmi nent law. It is tho guarantee of the minority, who. when threatened by impatient vehemence of a majority, can appeal to thia permanent | -Wl finding the interpreter and onforcor thereof in a court set high above tho assaults of faction.—From "Tho American Commonwealth," by j, m „ Bryc ,. Tha First Chiaf Justice. John Jay was one of the most promt nent figures In the struggles between the British crow n and Its colonies In North America. From the beginning of the contrat with the mother country until the close of the troubled time tnat saw the debates on the constitution he fought with voire and pen for the adoption of a strong centralized form of government. With Hamilton and Madison he wrote "The Federalist." that aeries of article« which contributed ao much to the formation of a perma spent annually in the upkeep of the vessel. The Mayflower has been assigned to the use of the president since 1902. Between the close of the Spanish American war and her assumption of her new duties she served as a gun boat. The question of her disposition arose when It was considered by the authorities that she had outlived her period of naval usefulness The de ctslon to reconvert her Into a yacht and detail her to duty as a presidential vessel tn place of the old Dolphin brought forth almost universally fa vorable comment as It was felt that the president should have a yacht worthy of comparison with those of the heads of other great nations The Dolphin could fill the hill by no means She Is a dispatch boat, built In tS 8 S. and Is less than half the size and has less than half the horsepow ^i i nent union When the government was reorganised. In 1789. under the new Instrument. Washington offered to 1 .»«!' his choice of an office He chose 'he chief justiceship In Daniel Weh »ler'a opinion the "general learning and ability, and especially the pru dence. the mildness tmd the firmness of his character, eminently fitted Mr .lev to be at the head of such a court *tsy was horn In 1.46 and died In 1899. Rutledge's brief career on the su preme rourt benrh aa ehlef jnatlre fol lowed a service aa associate Justice cr of the Mayflower has been one of th* standing or float ing jokes of th* navy for many years. It has been said and written very often that it costs more to keep her In re pair than It does to k*ep a first class battleship In commission. This Is an exaggeration, of course, hut there Is no doubt that constant tinkering has left little of the original boat which The Dolphin the builders sent on a cruise around the world a quarter of a century ago to prove to the government that It had not been "stuck." The Dolphin passed the test successfully and was added to the active list. She saw some serv Ice during the war, but her career has been mainly that of a presidential yacht the president nowadays, but she some times serves as a yacht for the ad miral of the navy, the secretary nr as sistant secretary or other officials In addition to the Mayflower and the polphtn the presidential squadron comprises the converted gunboat or tender Sylph, which Is sometimes seen trailing along In the wake of the May flower She Is a tiny craft of 162 tons burden and 650 horsepower and carries Like the Mayflower and the She seldom or never carries one gun Dolphin, tho Sylph Is assigned to "spe cial service." The bluejackets of the presidential vessels are all picked men. Assign ment to the Mayflower especially Is held to be an honor by officers and men. but they do not consider their berths easy They are Intrusted fre quently with the safety of tho na tion's chief executive, hts family and guests, generally men of distinction, both Americana and foreigners, and they are required to keep constant minute watch on the condition of their vessel. Strict naval discipline Is maintained, and the men are drilled regularly In the use of the guns. The vessel's fires are never banked more than lightly, since the Mayflower must he kept In condition to respond If necessary to the orders of the presi dent for Immediate use WILLIAM HENDERSON. First American Diamond Mine. The first company organized for min ing diamonds tn America has been re ported ready to begin operations in Pike county. Ark. Near the town of Mur freesboro ta the only known diamond field in the United States. Already about 700 diamonds, many of them large and perfect, have been picked up on the surface. It Is believed by ex perts who have Inspected the fleld that I j d ' > ' >p mtnln(t may , ' how hl * hly satl » l* otor >' results The composition of earth at that point is said to be very »Imllar to that In the Johannes bur * region In South Africa, where for rna,, y years rich diamond mines hav * bepn ln operation There ap P**»r« to hav ® been Pushed up from tho interior of the earth a mass of dla mond bearing material, so that the lo cality Is a sort of crater. The diamond fleld is very limited In extent, and all the land that shows the slightest indi cation of the presence of the gema has been acquired by the concern which will work the mine The operators have warned the public against wild cat promotion schemes In connection | with the diamond field. from 1789 to 1791, His case Is the only one ret ' ortip d of « man's appointment as pmef justice after service as an as aoclate Justice. He died In 1800 In re flrement. Hla successor, Oliver Klls worth of Connecticut, was a member the constitutional convention and of the senate before his appointment to »he office of chief justice. While chief Justice he acted as envoy to France during the brief and now al most forgotten war with that country. According to one authority, he left "a high reputation for ability and In i tegrlty." He died In 1807, seven years after his retirement from the bench. i Th# Liberty Bell and John Marshall 1 ■ | s3n ' ln 1 »Ha I delphla, the death of John Marshall, the great chief justice of the United States, Two days later. In tolling for Hlsi death, the Liberty bell broke, and Ha voice has been silent since that time The jurist, of whom tt has been said "he made the constitution live, fie Imparted to It the breath of 1m mortality, and Its vigorous life at the preaent hour la due mainly to the wine . interpretation he nave to Its pro-i Shall Father Have a Day All His Own? The writer sought In vain through sev eral volumes of poetry for verses In praise of father to he placed at the head of this article, meed of well earned nr makers, but father afe or avoided their attention. Mother Tihb ret Rived her else from the verse ms to have escaped Perhaps the observance of fathers' day will stimulate the*poets to fitting expression of the debt most of us owe to our daddies. I T used to h* "Father, dear father, coma horn* with m* now," the story being that father had had enough to drink. Daddy used to be represented as all sorts of a bad 'un. with an Ineradicable tendency to spend his wages Instead of taking them dutifully night home on Saturday Now It's "My father was a grand old man," and "Pin a rose on daddy, dear." That's what they are going to do with father now. No longer is he to be numbered among the despised of the earth The wind of public favor has veered around toward much abused dad, and he Is to assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle him. Why, he Is to have even a day of hts own—the third Sunday of every June. On that glad day ser mons are to be preached for daddy's glorification, he Is to be relieved from his usual duty of helping mother to dry the dinner dishes, and we are all to wear roses In his honor, day for dad! While mothers' day, the second Sun day In May, mothered by Miss Anna Jarvis of Philadelphia, years' history behind tt and Is steadily spreading Its Influence throughout the United States, fathers' day Is a prod uct of the present year Credit for It must be awarded to Mrs. John B Dodd of Spokane, Wash. She Is the "moth er of fathers' day." Her suggestion that a day he set aside In her own city tn honor of father met with In stant recognition and favor In Spo kane, and the city churches fell In line with remarkable unanimity. Fathers' day, 1910, was a great success In Spo kane Happy ha« a few Mothers' day has Us white carnation, the emblem of mother. Fathers' day has Its rose, colored for the father who Is still In the land of the living, white for the father who has passed away. If you wish to give outward evidence of honor and respec't for the father who held you lovingly In hts arms when you were a baby wear a rose on fathers' day, the third Sunday June, and use your efforts to have your preacher deliver an appropriate ser inon on that day. It Is suggested also that the showing of some little atten tlon to father If he Is still In the land of the living or a visit to his grave If he Is dead will be an appropriate fea ture of the day's observation. As a long time will elapse before the next ohsetvance of fathers' day per haps It might be well to consider how father himself views It. Does he want to be singled out as an object of lau | dation for. doing his duty as a daddy, *> r does he believe that the slmpla , visions during his long term of office," was a soldier In the Revolutionary ! army before he began the practice of law. Later he became a vigorous up holder of the new federal constitution and worked with Madison for Its adoption by Virginia. He lived on terms of Intimacy with Washington and entered congress at the latter's re quest Before his appointment as rhlef justice by President John Adams, In 1801. he served the second president as secretary of state In the mind of the general reader of American hlstnrv the name of Roger Brooke Taney, fourth chief Justice of the United States, Is associated mainly with his famous decision In the Ur. d Rrott rnMe rf ., ulPrP q i„ i S5ï ln wh ( rh , h „ declared that negroes could not he ,,„ mP citizens of the United States or of any state since l ' .*>,e i 'optlon ! of the federal constitution "they had no rights which the white man was hound to respect " This was, how ever, only one of many Important de clslons rendered by Fhlef Justice Ta nev during his long career on the bench îîia affirmation that the Missouri mm promise was unconstitutional marked < ■■ > : 1 v ( . fr V V H ■e r -V. ¥ \ . r / < / iJ <: îi j ! i / y /j * , Ï w / » i V t MRS. J. B. DODD, THE MOTHER OF FATHERS' DAY." consciousness of having performed that duty Is reward enough? Perhaps the testimony that their efforts are ap predated by the children whom they ( have helped to rear will he a sweet ! savor tn the mouths of the majority of fathers whose bowed backs and grayed or silvered hairs bear witness to years of toll cheerfully and patiently borne for their offspring, The words of Governor Hay of Washington, who was asked to express an opinion of fathers' day. may sound good to many fathers. He wrote: "Now, ss to this fathers' day move l ment— while, of cour»« 1 do not disap as chief Justice In 1864 astonished those who had failed to estimate Justly the great qualities of Lincoln. The president's nomination to the highest place on the nation's supreme bench of the man who. as secretary of the treasury, frequently had placed hlm self In opposition to his chief sent a wave of surprise throughout the north Chief Justice Chase was one of th« few chiefs nr associate justices who openly sought presidential nominations after their elevation to the bench. H* died May 7. 187,1. Chief Justice Fuller's predecessor. Morrluon R Waite, was one of the leaders of the Ohio bar prior to his nomination to the chief Justiceship He gained the favor of the country by t he earnest . lose attention which he paid to the duties of his office His death. In 1 888 , brought forth wide, spread expressions of regret Many very important questions were brought to final judgment during Mr. Waite's Incumbency of his high office, ft Is too early to speak of tihlef Jus 1 flee Fuller's Influence on the law-s of I the country. He was the leader of tha Ch1ea*o bar at the time of hla appolnt ' ment as chief Justice. prove of the movement in any way. still I feel that mothers' day Is tha more Important of the two and that we fathers can scratch along soma way or other without having such a flattering mention of us. We men era somewhat hashful and might feel much embarrassed were we to recelva so much public adulation," Speak up. fathers of the nation. Would a word of loving praise for you be amiss once a year or would you prefer that your efforts pass unnoticed and unrewarded save by the approval of your own consciences ' ' THOMAS SHELBT.