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iV r" '4 "v ,*}v & *11» vA!' PAGE/ TWO The Boy Problem. Written for the Home and School Dept: There confronts every parent of a hoy, at some stage of that boy's ca roer, an enigma, a conundrum, a problem or some mysterious question to solvp, the solving of which seems beyond human ken. It has been said by some sage: "Give me the handling of a boy until be reaches the age of eight and will vouch for him ever after." If this be true, that the proper training of a boy lies within those few brief years, then the problem must lie solved chief ly by the mother with the assistance, part of the time, from six (o eight years of age, of some lady teacher, for It is during this early period of a boy's life that very few fathers give very serious attention to his loy. Sometimes the child may be placed under the guidance of a nurse some times the child, by the loss of his mother by death, divorce or from some other cause, becomes the charge of relatives or entire strangers, so -that, after all, the mother is not al ways res])onsible for even this period of child-life. There seems to be no deflnite plan to follow—no well-defined course laid down for the guidance of the child. In tect, it is stated that what is food for one is ]ioison for another, and we And that all boys, because of their different temperaments, cannot be handled precisely the same in all things, yet there should be some well defined general course to pursue in the rearing of children. Whether we are to let them just grow up like "Topsy," or put them un der strict discipline, or whether it is better to strike a happy medium are questions we must determine or should determine before we become parents. Anyone who has passed the meri dian of life can recall those days of corporal punishment in our homes and at school when it was generally conceded that to spare the rod is to spoil the child. Of course, in this matter, each parent and teacher puts bis own construction upon the mean ing of this and the limit to which it must be used or spared, and there were many extreme cases that brought the rule of the rod into dis repute and our lawmakers took the matter up and passed anti-corporal punishment acts. Jt was soon found that where the teacher was entirely prohibited from using corporal punishment that he lost his governing rower and modified acts were passed to give him permis sion to use the rod in extreme cases or by getting a written permission from parents or guardians. Moral suasion has been advocated as a better plan and both parents and teachers have exercised much pa tience and perseverance in trying to discipline a wilful lad, when a good birch rod would have done it in less time and more effectually. It seems to us that we must go about this ruling of the boy in a more systematic manner. We must care fully classify them. We have placed children in three groups, viz.: They do wrong because they don't know any better, or because they are so fuU of vitality they cannot resist, or h'/f K' I %-7 HOME AND SCHOOL DEPARTMENT Edited by One Interested in Both All communications for this department should be addressed to H. and S. Dept. because they are naturally mean and maliciously inclined. The first class needs our greatest sympathy and best instruction the secoud, our patient endurance and constant watchfulness the third class belongs to a lower type of hu manity and needs subduing by-force. They are the ones who need the rod and need it badly sometimes. Of course a mere laying on of the switch in an indulgent sort of way as if one were half afraid may do more harm than good. Before using the rod, however, one should endeavor to reason with the child and point out the path of duty and show what will result, from wrong-doing. Never promise a child if he does that again you will punish him. If lie has done that which calls for a punishment lie should have it and no one knows it better than the child. Very many parents and teach ers lose control of children by letting them off with a promise to punish them if they repeat the offense: moth ers wiio are peer home rulers and teachers who make failures in school management have a cowardly way of saying: "If you do that again I'll re port you to your father" or "to the superintendent of the school" as the ense may be. This is an admission of your own inability to govern and the child quick ly determines this. There are other important matters that need our attention. Every child should be taught to do something use ful at home: to help maintain himself even though the parent may have suffi cient means to allow his children to grow up in idleness. The one great aim in life should, be to be of some use to ourselves and to the world in general: to make humanity better for our having lived to so live that, when we have gone our good deeds and good examples remain to lighten the paths of oth ers. How is this to be accomplished? the cities seem to be blessed with the largest families: the father and mother work from morning un til night fighting the wolf from the door and have no time to devote -to the case of their off spring: they have 110 work for little hands to do and children grow up in idleness and "Satan finds some mischief still for idle hands to do." If children are not given some good work to do they will find room for mischief. Let us lay this down then, as a cardinal virtue: Children must be given some useful employment." It is very necessary that both par ent and teacher give" heed to this. The successful teacher has learned that "busy work" is the key to suc cess in the management of even little tots. How much more essential that older ones, whose power for doing evil is greater, should be kept busy. Only recently a parent, said: "You have had a long experience in the school room. Tell me what is the trouble with my little boy. When he first started to school he was greatly interested in the work he is bright and learns his lessons readily he used to bring his books home and study nights: he seems to have lost interest in his school work and when asked why he does not bring his books home says: "I don't have to studv 11 1 Furniture AVING been in the furniture and piano business for twenty years in this city, we can offer the very best in our several lines and at prices that can not be duplicated. Our connection with one of the leading furni ture concerns of Grand Rap ids, the center of furniture manufacturing business of the country, enables us to give prices lower than any other house in the Northwest and to make a specialty of furnish ing hotels, homes and public institutions, and to offer such terms as to make it an induce ment to buy from us. 11 J1 Wholesale and Retail Fur* oitnre and Piano Dealer I ti G^2tf&kl?}pDES nights. I've got my lessons." What is the matter with the boy?" We said it is our opinion that., the fault is in the schoool system. Forty, fifty or sixty children of one grade but or various capacities are all put into the same hopper and at tha end of ten months run out of the same spout. The brighter pupils are held back by the duller ones and soon they have so far outstripped their less brilliant, class mates that they have nothing to do or so little to do in order to keep along with the class that they become indifferent and dis interested. Children should be al lowed to pass from grade to grade according to their ability to do so rather than at certain specified times of the school year. It might not be quite so easy for the teacher, but we must remember that we pay teachers to work—not to seeek out the paths of ease. This same plan seems to me to be the basic principle which will solve the boy problem. We must find enough to keep him employed in some thing useful. Young life is full of vitality ever on the move. Some brains like some muscles are more vigorous than oth ers capable of greater exertion with less fatigue. We once heard of a man who when he had nothing else for his boys to do, set them to work carrying stones from one pile across the road to an other and then back again. He had grasped the idea that em ployment is a cure for mischief mak ing, but he had not gone deep enough into the subject to tknow that boys, like men, take interest in work only when something is being accomplish ed—some good is being done. We must not keep boys at some drudgery simply to work off their energy. It must he something useful so that an interest will be taken in the work. They must know that it is better to put this surplus energy into some useful employment than to waste it in useless hilarity. _Foot-ball, basket-ball, base-ball and kindred games have been adopted by many schools and colleges and those in a measure accomplish that end— work off the vitality but the interest is often so great as to cause a falling off of interest in studies. This is one bad feature of school and college games. There seems to be born in almost every child, a spirit of conquest. They should be carefully guided out of all paths of selfish rivalry lest they make ignoble conquests. The spirit of money-getting, for a good purpose, is well enough but when the aim is not well directed it may lead to much harm. We frequently meet men past the meridian rtf life, whose sole aim seems to have been to get rich and now as they pause on the brink of their graves they find they have been leading a selfish life—some a dishon orable life, and they look around in vain to find they are not appreciated in their community they begin to realize that character is worth more than money that while money will buy friends, it will not buy the de sirable kind. Let all your aims be high, your labors well directed, your time well THE EVENING TIMES, GRAND FORKS, N. D. spent in some Useful employment. Let all your ambitions be noble, un selfish and generous, so that when the setting sun casts its last flickering rays upon you, you will have no cause to look back over a checkered career and mentally conclude life has been a failure. FKUHI MHY LEGAL HOLIDAYS. Some Questions for the Children to Answer. February 12. Lincoln Day.—When and where was Abraham Lincoln born? How many years ago? What was the cause of his death? Was he a rich or a poor man's son? Tell what you know of his school days and how he was educated. Why was he called "Honest Abe?" What was his Emancipation Proclamation and when issued? During what war was he president of the United States? In what wars did he take part and what positions did he occupy? February 22. George Washington Day.—When and where was George Washington born? How- many years ago? Why was he called '"'The Father of His Country? Tell all you can of his boyhood days, his school days, the cherry tree incident. Was he a rich or a poor man's son? In what wars did he take part? Was he an officer? How did he come to be a great man? In Memory of Win. McKlnley. •State Supt. W. L. Stockweil recom mends that the schools of North Dako ta have appropriate exercises in com memoration of President McKinley's birthday, January 29. The above three presidents took up arms in support of their country and thus showed a willingness to lay down their lives in support of their country. Name other presidents who fought in defense of -their country and tell in what wars they took part and in what battles they were engaged. Which one of our presidents was the greatest soldier? .Vote on this and let us know the result of your vote. Why not have a "Presidents' Day" on February 22 each year andNtake up the lives of all our presidents? Better School Spirit. Supt. J. Sonderall, of Walsh county, in his "County School Notes" last week, gives an account of the final examinations of some of his schools, showing that since there is a limit set for rural, school work, that in creased interest is being taken both by patrons and pupils that there are longer terms in many of the schools and more regular attendance. This is what he has to say on the subject: "It seems that where a diserict has had pupils graduate, the ambition is transmitted to the other pupils of the school, and they wish to do as well as those who graduated before them. The fact that a desire to graduate from the common school has been fix ed in the minds of the pupils of a school speaks well for the district. It shows, not necessarily, a large at tendance. It also shows interest on the part of the parents and the school board to keep up a good school. "The terms are au long, some seven months, some eight months and others nine months. It is impossible to obtain good results without a good school spirit. This means that, the parents must have re spect for and interest in education that.they are willing to make sacri fices in order to obtain the very best opportunities for education. "But first and last it means an earn est desire on the part of the parents to set the pace for the children in the ^Y/ITH the beginning of the new year we wish to announce that we are prepared to offer special bargains in FURNITURE PIANOS ORGANS Sewing Machines, Musical Instru ments* Draperies, Carpets/ Talking Machines and method of performing their daily tasks and duties of life, whether these duties be of a physical, intellectual or moral kind. A good -school spirit means a united effort on. the part of the parents to have their children grow into, the very best types of manhood and wo manhood.'' Graphology Against "Systems" In Writing. In the January Issue of The Busi ness Men's Magazine appears this ar ticle from the pen of a Grand Forks correspondent: "The vertical system introduced a decade ago has about run its race and the 'happy medium' is now being rapidly installed to take the place of the new (vertical) or the old (Spencerian) slant 'systems.' I believe that the teacher should not teach 'system' at all, but instead, as graphology indicates, let each pupil write his natural slant. The teacher may insist on legibility, uniformity In slant'and height and spacing, but should not say a pupil must write a certain slant or a' certain sized' letter. "What will be the effect upon a child's character to teach it the ver tical system? The slant system?' The rounded or the angular hand?" The editor in charge of the depart ment on graphology Miss Mary Booth—says: "The writer fully con curs with in reference to. systems. The difficulty which some children ex perience In forming angles, others in making graceful curvep as, no doubt, the effect of tempermental character istics which influence the- movements of the pen. "As the various types of character are reflected by the hand writing, it is quite natural that the practice of the rapid angular sloping hand will de velop rather than retard the action of the mind, and contra the vertical rounded hand favor less spontaneity and active mentality?" What do you think? Sentiments of the Schoolmaster. Add whiskers to self-esteem and the case is hopeless. To be important is one thing to look important is another—but to feel important! There you have the fel low who enjoy shis own society. Every nation knows the language of a laugh. Slang is to speech what discord is to music. There is a certain refined distinc tion between confidence and cheek. Those who are hard to know are the only people worth knowing. Beautiful women are always in the minority and the majority should be kind to them. If a man is not as brave.as his con victions, what good are his convic tions? When a child doesn't care the case is almost hopeless. Half the world struggles to straigh ten out what the other half does wrong. Keep on killing the fatted calf, so long as the prodigal comes. Don't be fooled by a foregone con clusion. The motive is the thing-^hang the philosophy. —Maclaughlin. County superintendents of schools throughout the state are" invited to contribute short articles and news of general importance to Home and School Department. If you are. in need of teachers let us know just what you desire and we will try to supply your wants. Teachers wanting positions will please send references, and state qualifications and long suit. 'l -A -RF I 125-127-129 S£ 3rd St, Grand Forte. North Dakota Ai Appropriate PmMeit Day n*. George Washington being the first president of the United States, Febru ary 22 is ah appropriate day for this President Day program. Assign each pupil some president to write up and take only those who have died. Give each pupil a space of about three feet of black board and have them dra'W a tombstone design ofTth eboard, put' ting on date born, died and an ap propriate epitaph. Then beginning with the first president George Washington-?—have each pupil in regu lar succession march »-up~ to his de sign and give a brief review of the deceased. In country schools where there is not sufficient black board space, go to the nearest print shop/ and get unprinted paper, full size Qf newspaper, and draw outlines of de sign, leaving tombstone -white and shade the background. Thy this. You'll be surprised at the skill some pupils will exhibit-and the interest all will take and the amount of history that will he learned. Coming Educational Events. ,„ Department of Superintendents of the N. E. A. will be held at Louisville, Ky., from February 26 to March 2. $48.00. for round trip, including sleep ers. V'i.VJf --v.- Annual Tri-county Teachers con vention for Grand Forks, Walsh and Pembina counties wlll be held at Graf ton May 11 and 12. The summer school will open at the University of North Dakota June 25 and close August 3, 1906. The National Educational associa tion will be held at San Francisco July 9 to July 13. -.v., Fnnnygraphs. A young lady In the physiology class being asked to locate the heart, said: "It is northeast-of the'stomach."—S. M. We desire to have teachers send in to this department the most laugh able happening in connection with their school work. A boy in the geography class being asked, "What and where is Cancer?" replied, "It Is a disease located in the stomach."—P. W. At a teachers' examination a young lady in describing the process of di gestion, said: "The stomach has a revolving movement like a churn."— B. T. mClJiJiATI "GYM" JTEET. Cincinnati, O., Jan. 27.—With all the important features of a championship competition scheduled, and and entry list comprising many of the leading college and club athletes of the mid dle west, the indoor games of the Cin cinnati Gymnasium and Athletic club tonight promise to be the most event ful athletic affair held in this city for many years. The program provides for races at all distances between f«0 yards and one miles, hurdles, running high jump, putting 16-pound shot and poie vault. Haven't you seen a "To Let" placard in some particular window so long that you come to wonder what was wrong with the property! Placarding is primitive—Very primitive—advertis ing. It's just a little better than nothing—while want advertising in the Evening Times is a little better than anything else. I TM •l il $ ':V. !*..• I-*-' SATURDAY, JAOTARY27, 1906 w. J.EDWAKnS ncmaci, Northwestern Building, GnadlWK N..D Northwestern 'Phone 4SS-& J. GRAS&CK Office NorAiwcitm BalUlai Corner DeMcr* Avenu9 and Fourth Staeet. BROTHERS mOLF JMwnof-,,- HIGH CLASS SUITS FOB MEN BothThonee Office in Clifford R.S. ENGE ATTOINEY ui GOONSEUK AT LAW OFFICE: 28 CLIFFORD BLOCK JR. M. CAROTHERS •j ».* Attorney at Law Nitioul Bnk BaiMiaf R.L. SMITH Beth Phraca BOTH PHONES vV-v-. Architect 6I&-M GRAND FORKS. N. P. JOHN FAWCETT. M. A., M. D« DISEASES OF WOKEN AND GENERAL SURGEON OFFICE OVER STANCHFJELD STORE. TELEPHONE 861. J. W. ROSS ARCHITECT and SUPERINTENDENT OF CONSTRUCTION OFFICE 11-2 SOUTH THIRD ST. GRAND FORKS. N. D. The City Feed Store :5IF#'DOWNEY* 5 N the piano line we carry atl the standard makes, arid because we are both wholesale and retail dealers are able to sell at prices not available to others who han dle these goods. We sell no cheap grade instruments at high prices, but the very best in tone, wpritmanship and fin ish at rea^&ble rates. Hav ing been in business twenty years we are justified in re ferring to customers who have dealt with jus during all these years and arer our best fa-* PFEIFEB.PRORA.T} VV-V--' Flour, Feed. Hay and Wood of All Kinds N. W. 'PHONE 536 TU-STATB 6S6-L PIANOS §f ft..' 1r? 1\\ tl, "a-2 'Oatioul Baak UUtof JOSEPH BELL DEREMER ARCHITECT' A loMni 7, 8, 9,10 and 11, Qiilori Anaex 42^DBMBBSAVS, GRAND FORKS. N. Di JKWS, iaiid Retail flWe are both wholesalers and retailers aid .with our Grand Rapids connections to simply custofe erswithbetter goods* at lower pripet ttan it t» possible to get from small dealers. Mm 1 2*\ ,, f, -s n, 0m P'f m.' ztJ & A?