Han being a "tool-using
•nimal," discovers, too, that
in his daily life he needs
tools not made of steel—
intangible tool s—mental
mers, saws squares, bits,
is el an an
knack of using them. These
tools are "merely ways and1
means" of repairing little,
losses," finding lost things,
securing tenants or help,
quickly selling property
personal or real—and they
are more commonly known
li 1 ••.•-.»
Every householder prides
himself npon his ability—
when occasion demands—
to handl^ a hammer, saw
or chisel—npon a knack of
driving an "emergency
nail" or ot doing most any
sort of a "can't wait job*"
He realizes that in the
commonest odd-job about
the house he needs tools—
that a mere "pair of
hands" are not enough.
and they have been called
"chief of expedients," and
v.-3 t- 1
Try a Waiit Adin
Of Interest to East Siders
He Did Kot Attempt to Hold Up Any
One In East Grand Forks and the
Stories to That End Are the Results
of Spltework—Trnth as He Sees It.
Editor Evening Times—
I notice that you/protfiise a "square
deal for all" and I will avail myself of
that privilege—one which has never
been given the people of this section
heretofore—and reply to a "slanderous
attack made upon- me in a recent ar
ticle nthe Grand Fork? Herald. The
objectiohal article reads aB follows:
"THe attention of the authorities
brought yesterday to a sensa
tional stunt in frenzied finance in
which former Patrolman Joe Jarvis'
and Mike Byrne wet? the principals.
The pair' conceived the idea thatv
Byrne should be reimbused for taxes
"on 13 acres of land located near the
red light district and Saturday night,
it is claimed, they visited the places
in the vicinity and sought to compel
owners' ot the resorts to contribute to
the cause. DClla Wells claims to have
given up 95 but it is said to have a re^
celpt. Grace Bennett claims to have
given up $10.
"The matter will be thoroughly in
vestigated by the city authorities with
a view of ascertaining. if the women
wfere really blackmailed, as they
*"Byrne has a little tract of land in
the locality and recently he sought to
have all the streetB and alleys in the
vicinity closed. He is said to have
been intoxicated when he sought to
secure the money and Jarvis is also
said to have been drunk."
Now this is. made out of whole cloth
and does not contain a ,word of truth,
in fact, Pete Elchemer is ready to go
on the stand and Bwear that no one
gave, out any such information. The
whole thing is a little bit of cOntempt
able spltework, growing out of politi
The fact of the matter is that if the
police officer who is responsible for
the above, would attend to his busi
ness, private citizens would not have
to get.out of bed.in the dead of night
to stop people from breaking into
private property. On Tuesday even
ing I had to get up in the middle of
the night and go across the street
from my residence to stop a fellow
who was attempting to break into
the office of. the E$at Grand Forks
Brewing company. I got the man.
Vow if these officers who are malign-,,,
ing Innocent citizens were to attend,
to th^ir duties, such things would not
occur, Y? JOE JARVIS.
Beuudette Booming. Jy ft
The town of Beaudette is experienc
ing a boom from the fact that a great
FLAY IX SCHOOL WORK.
Importance of Regulating Games
Physical Culture of Children^
That at a certain stage in the educa
tion of the child stress should be
placed on physical, rather than mental
exercise and training, by regulating
and systematizing play and alternat
ing it with class work, is the belief
as expressed in a
recent lecture before*.the Twentieth
Century Club in Boston, reported in
the Boston Evening Transcript. He
"We have all noticed that children's
plays change as they'grow older. Dr.
.Gullclf tells us that the plays of chil
dren under seven or eight are non
competitive a.nd non-co-operatlve.
Kindergarten children play side by
side or in pairs, rarely* spontaneously
in groups. They are gregarious rath
er than social. The plays between the
ages of seven and twelve are social,
co-operative and competitive games,
but each chHd usually plays for him
self. After twelve group games with
opposing sides ar^ more popular, and
finally tend to crofcd out all others."
Dr. Tyler took up particularly the
co-operative and competitive plays be
tween 7 and 12, such, as tag, hide-and
seek, and running games, followed by
various throwing games amkothers
which "stumps" or challenges are the
chief feature. Inquiring what may be
their educational. value he concludes
that it is flvehoid. Firstly, these
gameB or plays have hygienic value,
as they .exercise the greatest amount
of musculan tissue with tlie least ex
penditure of nervous energy, periods
of activity' alternating frequently with
periods of rest as is best for the or
ganism. Secondly, they involve men
tal traiqlng Jocusing the attention, re
quiring "instant decision and action,
and encouraging self-reliance and the
development of initiative. Thirdly,
they gave the child "his first lessons
in "the art of forming friendships, the
greatest art or science in the weTrld."
Fourthly, they' furnish the first real
|nd spontaneous moral distinction
made in. childhood, that between "falr
nesV and "unfairness." Fifthly, they 4
give a high degree of enjoyment—a
very important feature in all train
ing. "Opportunity," we ate told by
Professor TyJer, is a higher wOrd even
than "duty" and opportunities must
be enjoyed. 'He goes on to say:
"What w& need ,is not to crush out
play or its spirit, but somehow to get
more of the, spirit and/enthusiasm of
the playground' into our work. But if
play is the most valuable of all forms
of exercise place and time must be
found tor it, g.ven if niupbers and lan
gteage have to wait But those who
have ,$fed to do with half-time schools
report that the children generally
make about as1 much progress in half,,
a .day as in-^ whole one. The Intro
duction of obtdoior work in our indus
trial aqdtruantachoql.8 hunotdlmln
lshed the acquisttloh of knowledge
It bas rather increased it. The chil
dren are mcHre. Industrious, amenable
"Under thti present system the^hild
necessarily )fprms those bag habits of
study, or rather of dawdling over his
dealiof permanent improvement is be
ing planned for that place by monied
One of the most important of these
is a large new saw mill'Which will be
put up this spring by the Shevlin Lum
ber company. The much talked of Du
Iuth and Rainy River railroad will
enter that place this year accorAng to
present plans aind will make an~ east
ern outlet for ihe lumber.
The, branch which the Great North
ern is planning on building to Beau
dette from Greenbush is being put in
sucK shape that the work may be rush
ed through to completion in the spring.
There are two big crews at work be
tween Warroad and Beaiidette at the
present time laying* the track. Crews
of men are at work getting out the
ties and this expense will be compara
tively very small as the ties are being
cut all along the right of way by the
Great Northern Itself
Heal}- Has Backing.
Mr. Ed Healy passed through the
city this mbrning enroute to his home
at Red Lake Falls. He has been be"*"
low in the interests of his water power
scheme and says that he has secured
unlimited financial backing for his
plans.' Mr. Healy talks vtery interest
ingly of the power at Red Laks Falls.
He says that he can get a 30 foot
bead which will develop a 9,000 horse
In regard to the scrap with Murphy
he said that he would not enter this
city unless Murphy began to bear
down too hard on the scheme at Grand
Forks. If he did this Mh. Healy says
that he will enter Crookston and thefc
will be a fight to a finish.—Crookston
Superintendent Mclntire of the city
schools of Crookston left last evening
for Louisville, Ky., to attend a meet
ing of the department of superintend
ence of the National Education Asso
ciation which convenes at that place
This meeting is of national import
ence and will last for three days dur
ing which time matters of great im
portance in educational circles will
be discussed. There will be about 30
or 40 attending from this state.
Cut flowers at Undertaker Sulli
van's, East Grand Forks, Minn. Tele
Kingman's Syrup of White Pine
For fresn fruit call up 23. F.
Stationery, and supplies at Cum
Pipes, cigars and tobacco? at King
Full line of soap at Kingman's.
See Kingman's line of cutlery.
Penny tablets at Cummings.'
books, of which, we hear complaint in
all grades. While at school he must'
.be kept still, or there will be anarchy
and disorder. He should not, and can
not, at this age, exercise his mental
powers more than during the time
spent in class work.' This gives him
more than enough. He returns to his
desk for book work. Every muscle ir.
his body is tingling and twitching for
exercise. But he must sit still. The
problem which he has to solve is
really this: How to forget his dis
comfort, and remain quiet and pretend
to look at his book, and not to do any
mental work. I can conceive of no
.better method of insuring that the
child shall form habits of dawdling
and calling it study. After two or three
years of such practice genuine study
becomes almost or quite impossible.
If play is always a privilege and re
ward, and study always a required
duty, can we wonder that the child
learns to look upon study as an un
"The length and frequency of play
periods must be determined by experi
ment The best results require that
the play should be at fixed times al
ternating with the class work. The
same results cannot be gained by dis
missing the children a half1 hour earl
ier, and having them scatter to their
homes. School gardens may be equaU
ly useful.- Manual training- and gym
nastics have their place and are need
ed, but seem somewhat better suited
to 'a little later age. But play has its
own place apart from or in addition
to these. The vital point is thait at
this age the emphasis should be placed
on physical rather than on mental ex
ercise and training."
DUE TO SEEDLESS OBAKGE.
Millions of California's Wealth Have
Been Made by Luscious Fruit.
The introduction of the seedless
navel orange has revolutionized the
orange industry of the United States,
It has 'drawn 13,000 men from other
pursuits and transformed vast areas
of sunbaked land in California into
orange groves. It has been the prime
factor in the growth of a dozen townq
of 5,000 and 10,000 persons in South
ern California and has added directly
more than $43,000,000 and indirectly
$60,000,000 more to the taxable wealth
of the .state.
The first seedless orange trees were
apparently freaks of nature and their
counterparts have never been found.
Early in the '70's William Judson.
United States Consul to Bahia, Brazil,
heard an account from ^natives of a
few trees lit the swamps-on the. banks
of toe Amazon, some '60 miles away.
He sent' a native up the river' to get
some of the fruit and to bring him
some of the shoots ot the t,ree.v
When the native returned the Consul
was delighted with the specimens and
sent six df the shoots, carefully pack
ed in moss and clay, to the Department
of Agriculture at Washington. The
trees did not excite much Interest at
the department Two whlbh were
planted, lit the department grounds
died tor lack of care and the others
were forgotten for months:
Four, cuttings were planted again in
.-. •, »j.( A?hi'«H•
TEE EVENING TIMES, GRAND FORKS, N. D.
December of 1873 in Southern Califor
nia. One if the shoots died from ne
glect, one was broken and chewed by
a cow. Five years passed and the two
remaining shoots came into bearing,
These 16 seedless oranges were the
ever raised in the United States,
specimens were carried about
about Southern California and shown
to ranchmen .and fruit raisers. Thq
second crop waij awaited with great
curiosity, for it Was feared that in a
few years the fruit would become hard
,and tough. There were about a box of
oranges in the second yield and they
were, even better than the first crop.
The planting ot groves of seedless or
anges propagated from the buds from
the two original trees began in earn
est in 1882. The following year the
demand for buds from the Tlbbet trees
was so large that a dozen buds sold
frequently for $5 and some growers
paid even as high as $1 apiece for
NEWS AND NOTES OF SPORT.
Jesse Burkett says that he will
spend $12,000 on stands and grounds
at Worcester, Mass., for his recently
purchased Concord team of the New
The Irish-American Athletic club of
New York has a quartet of sprinters
in Bonhag, Cohn, Sullivan and Shep
pard that makes most of the other
track boys look foolish in a race.
It looks as though Jack O'Brien's
one ambition now is to be called a
gentleman. A laudable ambition.
Jack, but Jim Corbett worked it to
a finish long before your time.
An American tennis team will be
sent to England again this year to
compete for the Davis challenge
With Lanagan as coach and eight
of last year's veterans entered, base
ball at Stanford university will be all
to the good this year.
Jockey Odom, whose retirement was
announced a year ago, is thinking
seriously of getting into the saddle
again this season.
Jack Dougherty, the Milwaukee
pugilist, has been showing up so well
In his bouts this winter that his
friends are confidently predicting a
top-notch place for him bne of these
Rear Admiral Sands, commandant
at the Annapolis naval academy, would
abolish jiu-jitsu at that Institution.
He says that the American system of
wrestling is the best
With Flaherty and Robertaille doing
slab duty Columbus will put up a
strong fight for the American associa
tion pennant this year.
The Interstate Fair asociation of
Sioux City, la., announces that purses
to the amount of $16,000 will be raced
for at its meeting next September.
Jimmy Walsh, the Boston bantam,
has for his sponsor Teddy Roosevelt,
Jr. Teddy is always at the ringside
when Walsh fights.
Fred J. Gilbert, champion trap shot
cf the United States, is reported
seriously ill at his home in Iowa. It
's not probable at all that he will be
able to participate in the spring and
early summer shooting contests.
Lawyer's Lofty Flights.
A French lawyer whose sport is bal
looning thinks it a mild, safe and com
paratively Inexpensive diversion. He
has made 60 ascents without, injury to
himself. A well-made balloon will last
ten years—longer than an automobile
—and will cost only from $400 to
$1,000. Its upkeep is confined to the
cost of the gas and the return jour
neys by train after a trip. "In keep
ing with the amount of pleasure to be
had out of the sport." says th»s enthu
siastic aeronaut, "I know of no other
which may be compared with it at the
Seeds for Austria.
A Sellwood (Ore.) man has made a
Shipment of 750 pounds of the seeds of
fir .and spruce trees to replenish the
depleted forests of Austria. The seeds
were put in double sacks and went di
rect to their destination. This con
pignment represents several months of
seed gathering in the mountains near
Mount Hood, and when the seeds reach
their destination they will be plauted
to grow young fir and spruce trees to
again be transplanted, covering about
The experiment of a ''national" the
ater is to be tried in America.' Sev
eral wealthy men in New York have
subscribed sufficient funds to build
and endow the theater. The h'ghest
price for a seat is to be $100, and the
lowest ten dollars, though a certa.n
number of seats are to be given to
students at the nominal price of a
Italy's Legal Men.
There are 10,982 advocates, solicit
ors and procurators in Italy, whose
gross incomes, according to the in
come tax returns, amount to $3,4C2,
61t, which gives an average income
of about $315. Of these lega.l men, five
profess to have an income/ of $6,000,
eight of $5,000,16 of $4,000, 70 of $2,000
and 6,508 return theirs as under $200,
Meat and Poison.
A correspondent says that if he eats
eggs in any form he has all the symp
toms, more or less pronounced, of Irri
tant poisoning. Many persons are affect
ed in like manner by articles of food.
Some persons cannot eat straw berries,
to others mutton is poison, and many
persons dare not eat crab.—London
Growth of Children.
American scientists have found that
children grow little from the end of
November to the end of March grow
Ull, hut Increase little in weight, from
March to August and Increase.mainly
in weight and little in height from
August tQ November
Great Northern Files Report—Total
Gross Earnings in the State of Mln.
nesota for the Lnst l'ear Are $18,.
The Great Northern yesterday sent
its annual report to the state auditor
of Minnesota. The gross earnings on
business in the state in 1905 were
On the main line all sources of in
come have increased, except mileage
tickets, and demurrage. Freight earn
ings have increased from $13,333,930.76
to $14,407,626.34, switching charges
from $211,887.40 to $235,844.71, passen
ger earnings from $2,848,900.10 to $2,
924,746.42, excess baggage receipts
from $231,534.94 to $247,077.01, sleeper
earnings from $96,373.35 to $117,988.00,
mall car rents from $323,243.74 to
$329,300.36, and express car rents from
$168,169.89 to $191,226. The demur
rage receipts have decreased from
$25,724.14 to $22,382.32.
Thei Willmar & Sioux Falls branch
reports its business in the state at
$1,054,695.09. For 1904 the earnings
were $860,038.94. The Park Rapids &
Leech Lake railway, a new branch,
reports earnings of ,$119,368.94. The
earnings of the Minneapolis Western
branch were $59,573.59. Last year it
reported $58,422.58. The Minnesota &
Great Northern, another new branch,
reports $31,900.85 gross earnings.
Soo Line Flies Notice of Line Joining
Bismarck and Mlnot.
Bismarck and Minot are to be con
nected by rail this year.
The Sop has filed notice with the
secretary of state of its intention to
build a branch westward from a point
on its main line between Anamoose
£nd Voltaire (probably Voltaire) to
or near the town of Bye In southern
Ward countly, which is about thlrty
flve miles northwest of Garrison. This
branch will be about 80 miles long.
The same notice also says that the
Sign of (he best-
—the best sign
line from Garrison will be extended
about 15 miles in a northeasterly
direction and tap the branch already
mentioned. From this it is promised
the "Voltaire" branch will run from
that town In a southwesterly direc
tion into McLean county at the inter
section of ^IcHenry, Ward and Mc
Lean counties and then swoop north
westward to Bye.
While the branch from Garrison
will not make a direct line to Mlnot
It will doubtless be arranged so that
speedy transfers can be made and the
northern section of the state be
brought into close communion with
these parts. It will greatly broaden
the commercial field of Bismarck's
The notice to the secretary of state
also states that a branch will be built
almost straight west from Flaxton, in
northern Ward county, 50 miles to the
northern center of Williams county.
This line will open up a fertile country
and result in an immense gain In set
tlers. Crosby will probably be the
RAILROAD, FINANCIAL AND
The Grand Trunk Pacific Rail wry
company has decided to name its ter
minus to be constructed on the Pacilo
coast "Pince Rupert," in honor of tk«
explorer. The name was chosen from
12,000 submitted in a competition.
Instead of stopping at Shoshone,
Wyo., to which point they are no*v
rushing their extension from Caspar,
In order to accommodate the reserva
tion rush next June, the Chicago an I
Northwestern road will build right
on through, to the Pacific coast, .enter
ing Idaho a little south of the Yellow
The Wabash Railroad company has
closed a deal for a large tract of land
at Justin, Ohio, where the new shops
of the road will be built in a short
time. The total cost of the yards ami
shops will amount to about $1,000,000.
The proposed Canadian Steel & Coal
company, with an outstanding capital
of over $100,000,000 in stocks and
bonds, is the greatest industrial pro
ject ever conceived In Canada, and
should it go through a concern would
arise that would be to Canada what
the United States Steel corporation is
to the United States. The merger
would embrace the Dominion Iron &
A PROPOSITION THAT WILL SURPRISE YOU.
Use 'Three' and 'Four'
Erery nijht ort of the Twin Cities weslbond, the Nellie Enrew
~j c? T^ret," ..
Steel company, the Lake Superior Cbr
poration, the Nova Scotia Steel ft Oo*l
company and the Dominion Coal com
President Ripley of the Santa Ar
system says, on the subjetet of propos
ed rate legislation by congress, that
the Hepburn pill does not pleaae hint
to a great extent, and asserts that its
passage will place the power of ad
ministering the rate affairs of great
corporations in the hands of a "politi
Harriman interests have purchased
seventy acres o^ land on the water
front at Tacoma for the Harriman sys
tem's terminal on Puget Sound.
The announcement that the Santa
Fe Railroad company has purchased
the Rock Island stub line from Buck
lin, Kas., is regarded as significant, in
that it contemplates the link in the
proposed Sauta Fe air line from Den
ver to the Gulf of Mexico, via the re
cently purchased Denver, Enid
the yesr between Portland, Ore.,
the Twin Cit^ Expreu-uNnaber
„S"p,erk Comfort the wiy to fo. Thrash tickets bow
I*"®- Helens, Spokane snd Ticoma, en loste. Any
•alormation from D. Hdrein, Atfent, Grand Forks, N. D.
Northern Pacific Railway
St. Pad and Hinnespolii to the Pacific Northwest.
A. II. Cleland, General Passenger Atfent, St. Psd, Mian.
"Wonderland 190S," lor Six Cents Stamps.
TOWN LOTS AT
On Picturesque Lake Upsilon
The Coming Summer Resort of the Northwest
Clear as crystal, pure and fresh, fed by never
failing mountain springs.
In abundance and of splendid size. Muscallourfe,
Mountain Trout, Pickerel, Black Bass. The sports
The townsite of Wye extends for nearly two miles along the 1»U
front. Just high enough to be dry, with a beautiful rolling surface,
it is an ideal location for a summer resort. A natural ampitheatre,
a race ack make by nature's hand, a beautiful boat landing as
though made by the gods for their amusement, are here. The entire
townsite Is covered with a heavy growth of young and vigorous tim
ber. It is an Ideal spot for a summer home where relaxation and
recreation can combine.
will be within a utile or two of the St. John extension of the
Great Northern, and a spur Into the townsite Is almost a certainty.
Lots are selling rapidly and a chance to get a location In this beauti
ful resort will soon be gone. They are cheap now because the own
er wants to build a town with all conveniences rather than sell a few
lots that will leave the owner more Isolated than on the farm.
DR. THOR MOELLER,
If? DEVILS LAKE, NORTH DAKOTA.
THE CHANGE OF A LIFE TIME.
in Oklahoma. 5|"f $
Announcement is made that the Chi
company will build a branch line to
Iron River, Mich., as soon as the work
can be done in the spring. Heretofore
this territory, which contains rich
mining properties, has been served ex
clusively by the Chicago & Northwest
While a woman may not care for a
vacation, she dislikes to admit that
she passed the entire summer at home.
4 The pleasure of anticipating a
good after dinner smoke means that
you have lots of confidence the
cigar you select flPerhapsa friend
gives you his favorite kind and it
fails to please you. His cigar soils
his taste, but is his taste good}
We cater to the taste of partic
ular smokers. To please die
most discriminating nothing bait
die Highest grade of tobacco is
used the WASHINGTON
IRVING 10 cent cigar.
For sale by W. W. FEGAN, Grand
Fbrks, N. D.
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