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The evening times. [volume] (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1906-1914, March 30, 1906, Image 5

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The feature of the great Methodist
missionary convention at Fargo was
.an address at the close of the morning
session today by the celebrated Dr. H.
Ti. 12. Luering of Singapore presiding
elder for the southern Malay district,
and his subject was Borneo.
Dr. Luering is distinguished as be
ing the only missionary who has had
the temerity to explore the interior
of that peculiar country and it is con
sidered something to be able to sit in
front of him and listen to his story.
Borneo, he explained, is the most un
civilized country in the world and is
situated 'south of the Malay peninsula.
The doctor said that after learning
about the country he could not rest
until he explored it although he knew
it was attendant with great dangers
and he gave his visit considerable pre
liminary study as to how best to ac
complish it in safety and at the same
time have it culminate in some good
to the people. He was greatly aided
by his varied knowledge of the lan
guage and dialeats of the country of
Asia. vThe men- of Borneo are known
as head huntere, and he displayed to
the audience a head which had been
given him hy one of the .principal
chiefs of the country. "The chief he
met on the borders of the country
was able to use a little of the Malay
language, enough to. allow .the doctor
to converse with him, and through that
.medium he gained the confidence of
the chief and also learned enough of
the Borneo language to permit him to
talk to the people and thus made
himself at home. The.speaker's friend
ship with the chief secured his en
trance to one Qf the houses which
meant for the doctor absolute pro
tection as long as the desired to re
main in the country. The head he
had sttowed he considered a sacred
jJbssession as .lt was a mark of good
faith. On hlB receiving the head from
.the chief the doctor made the promise
that he either would return himself to
minister to the people or send a mis
sionary to them. The doctor being
made presiding elder made it impos
sible for him to return and for fifteen
years he has been trying to get a mis
sionary to fulfill his promise, but he
has not succeeded. The distinguished
missionary told many interesting
things about the country and its pos
sibilities and he was listened to with
great attention.
The. sessions this morning and after
noon were presided over by Bishops
Vincent and Hartzeil, respectively, and
the sacred edifice was crowded in every
.part. So intense -Was the interest' last
night that an attempt was made to in
duce the local committee to rent the
operahouse for today so that more
could attend, but the change could not
be mada
Wonderful stories of the work and
educational accomplishments, estab
lishment of schools/ hospitals and
churchs in Cfoina^ere'tiold by Mrs:
F. D. GameweU wno alluded especial
ly to woman's work. Dr. Spencer of
Japan told of educational work and
very interesting was Dr. R. C.Beebe,
head of the largest hospital in China,
he recounting the accomplishments in
the line of medical work.
The first address this afternoon was
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bjj S. Earl Taylor of New York, a spec
ialist in young people's work. ^Ie is
soon to start on a tour of the world ,tov
make observations of what the young
people are doing in all lands. -Bishop
Thorburn talked briefly on, We can do
it if we will.
The great convention will close to
night with Bishop Hartzell's great ad
dress on The Open Door in Africa.
This address has attracted attention
of the greatest minds all over the
world and it may be considered an
exclusive privilege to listen to It.
If last night's session of the Metho
dist missionary convention had been an'
open meeting alt edifice twice or three
times the capacity would have been
none too large to accommodate all who
desired to hear the story of how the'
gospel has been- spread over the far
away and strange lands by men who
have helped to do it. As it was the
First Methodist church was taxed to
its,,utmost to accommodate all of the
delegates, U)bal and out of town, who
were entitled to attend. The ..meeting
was presided over by the venerable
Bishop Andrews. The speakers were
Bishop J. M. Thoburn of India and H.
L. F. Leuring/ presiding elder of the
Methodist church at Singapore.
Opening his address, which was a
plain outline of how he began his mis
sionary labors in India, Bishop Thor
burn stated that it was forty-eight
years ago this very week that he was
admitted as a probationer to the Pitts
burg conference. There he heard
something of the work the Methodists
had been doing in Asia .for ten years
among 400JLOO,000 people and had se
cured one convert in that first decade.
What he heard created a desire which
set him thinking and a year later he
'was crossing the Atlantic on his way
to the Indian field, to be a missionary
from the Methodist church in,, the
United States. He began work 'with
seven- others and after five years he
returned for a visit home and to re
port five converts. They made mis
takes and it took a long time to learn
how best to- reach the hearts of t.he
people whom they wished to turn to
Christianity. He discovered that life
was too short to preach against idols
and worship of that character when
the people were as sincere In that as
Christians are in their worship and
they were not to be turned by mere
words telling them that it was wrong.
He told of how the missionary move
ment was greatly accelerated when the
preaching of the word was done in
English. He vividly described the
work and difficulties encountered by
missionary workers among the various
castes in India and cited how two
men, caste thieves, were taught Chris
tianity ancj how they became worker^
and ordained how their sons became
university students and useful men In
society. The bishop said with em
phasis that it took him only a mo
ment to tell' the story to an audience
in Fargo, but'it took twenty years to
ido the work. The bishop's address was
full of earnestness and every word was
instructive. There is no doubt but that
many in the great assembly went to
their homes with a much better idea
of the value of the missionary enter
prises than they ever had. and they
Sir it "7* i" *3 4?"
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could toot help'bnt Concede that the
foreign missionaries had done much in
the world's development
A very interesting address was one
by DP. H. L. F. Uuerlng of Singapore.
He has been a worker for over nine
years in southern Asia. He is a Ger
man by birth and was selected for mis
sionary work, because of his peculiar
natural talent as a linguist. He ad
dressed himself to relating the methods
the Almighty uses in the spreading of
the good tidings. He wished his hear
ers to understand that speak of in
ferior races oif peoples was a mistake,
there being no inferior races. He cited
inst&nces of rapid education among
the most ignorant mountain tribes who
lived in tr£es, knew nothing of houses
or huts, but who, when taken in charge
by the missionaries and amid civilized
environments learned enough of the
Chinese language to converse in three
months. The doctor told of the use
fulness of the Chinese and how thiy
had been helped to do for themselves
and were lifted from degradation. He
was emphatic in his pronouncing that
it was a mistake of our government
in not allowing Intelligent and-indust
rious Chinese to settle in the Philippine
islands permanently. The British and
Mallay governments had found it ex
ceedingly profitable to allow them to
colonize arid develop unpopulated re
gions and Jnspire less industrious
people. There were many facts and
statistics to prove the wisdom of the
undertakings in Asia. For nearly an
hour the learned doctor kept his
audience almost spellbound with his
eloquence and his relating of abso
lute facts.
Oxen as a Moving Power In Southern
Lumber Camps.
"Whoa, Brandy! Gee, Broad!" is a
cry often heard throughout the piny
woods of the Florida parishes, says
the New Orleans Times Democrat, and
it is stange how the same names for
oxen have apparefftl.v desecended for
hundreds of generations of cattle to
these are common: Brandy, Lyon,
Diamond, Baldy, Spot, Broad, Roger,
Bright, Buck, Wheller, Red Logue and
The writer stopped a driver coming
in with a load of logs for one of the
hammond mills and asked the names
of his oxen. Here they are as he
gave them: Tongue yoke, two middles
and the lead yoke. Buck and Jerry,
Jake and Ben, Red and Raz, Bald
and Red—four yoke.
Oxen are always considered
"yokes," sold, handled and worked as
The ox is essentially the moving
power of the lumber world in the
South, in spite of the- fact that every
big mill throughout this section owns
and operates from 20 to 35 miles of
railway, wherewith the logs are
brought to the mill.
A yoke of oxen, work annimais, is
worth $100 the yoke itself, with bows
and all appurtenances, $250, and then
there are to be added about 40 feet of
two-inch chain, a cart hook and a good
ax. Five yoke throughout this sec
tion constitute a team, and George
Johnston stated that on a good road,
with a good team, using a modern, up
to-date eight-wheel wagon, he had
hauled seven tons, 14.000 pounds, of
rosin. What team of horses or mules
can equal that?
For. mark you, when an ox'gets in
to a mud hole he gets out. If you are
driving horses or mules you will soon
er or later have to' unhitch and pry
Out your horses Or mules. Why? Be
cause when one of the horses
puts its hoof down into the mud the
soft earth closes around his slender
ankle and packs on top of the hoof,
making 'it estremely hard for the
animal to draw out his hoof.
But the ox, when he puts his cleft
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foot down, breaks a big hole in the
soft ground, and as he draws it out
again the cleft closes .and the hoof
comes free without a struggle. And
these low, flat piny woods are wet and
soggy all winter, and even in dry
weather along the road where log
wagons haiil there will be found holes
that would bog a circus mosquito on
It is a well known fact- that all
people who deal with and handle
oxen that an ox Is "broke" to work
in'a particular place, "near" or "off",
and he will not work anywhere else.
In his own proper place, to which he
was "broke" as a yearling, he will
work all right and render his master
good service-.
Sometimes bulls, along in years, are
broken to the yoke and made to work,
but there is a lot of trouble in that
team. In Cuba, in the Phillippines
and in fact in all the old Spanish
possessions, bulls are used—not oxen.
That's because it was done in Spain
500 years ago, and they have learned
nothing since. Look at any of the pic
tures of scenes of work animals in
these old Spanish possessions and
notice the heavy yoke on the head
not the neck and shoulders, as our
Southern ox teamsters use it.
"Twelve miles a day," said B. F.
Johnson, "is as much as a team can
stand. If you get In before sundown,
even long before sundown—don't try
to make another load. Your team will
get road tired and you will wear them
out. The work life of a good yoke is
about 12 years, if they are taken rare
of, and they are three years old. Four
years old is plenty early to begin to
work them regularly and hard."
Well, considering that a yoke cost
$100, and with fair treatment is good
for 10 or 12 years, the price is not
great, and is certainly much cheaper
than horses and mules. Twenty cents
a day for food and then when he gets
too old to work fatten him up and sell
him to the butcher for beef.
Down here oxen are not shod, but a
Wisconsin man said that every black
smith had a regular frame, consisting
of four stout posts with two side
bars, in which to put oxen to be shod.
Made right I purchase
only the best material
that the market affords.
I make all my bridges to
order from careful meas
urements. My manufac
turing and grinding plant
is the only one in the city.
I can duplicate any pair
of glasses (without the
My Glasses Fit the Nose
Does Yours?
12 1-2 S. 3rd. St. Grind Forb.N. D.
flThe Evening Times is prepared to do all classes of work on
short notice and in the highest degree of workmanship.
The material in all departments is new and modern in every
particular, and each department is in the hands of the most skilled workman
that money could procure. We intend to please every patron by furnishing
him a little better grade of work than can be had elsewhere. Give us
a trial order. Call and see us.
For the smith couldn't grab a hoof
to be suspended on a board belt, from
bar to bar, and hoisted off the ground
where he could neither kick nor gore.
Then they shod him, split shoe, of
course, and it was considered a special
art to shoe an ox. We work him and
we eat him and we wear him, and
down in Georgia the Crackers drive
him in shafts, but he is not pretty
yoked in that way. Looks out of place.
How Fakirs Dye Hair and Sew on
False Skins.
The spurious dog dealer keeps a
sharp eye on all the memoers of the
canine species as he walks about he
is prepared tp buy a likely animal for
68 or 7s 6d, if he can get it for or
without the asking, says Pearson's
There are plenty of do^s about, an*
a pug or a black and tan'can be bought
cheaply enough, but those are not
really good animals. The right kind
of a dog is scarce and fetches a high
price this is the dog fakir's oppor
tunity, and he makes good use of It..
Here is an example of the method
of working: The dealer has a pug
dog of a kind that is not worth a dozen
shillings the dealer has literally
"picked it up" for nothing! It has a
splendid black nose, but it lacks the
line down the back that would make
it valuable. This fatal and apparent
ly unsurmountable obstacle presents
no difficulty to the dealer, who cheer
fully and skillfully sets to work to
make that dog worth £10 or more.
The unfortunate creature is fixed
tightly in a wooden box or framework.
At the top there is a slit in the wood
of the same dimensions as the line
that is wanted on the dog's back. A
powerful dye Is laid on through this
slit, and then it is "fixed," to use a
photographic term.
This last process is done with nitric
acid, and those who have had to deal
with that chemical will not need to be
told that the animal suffers great pain
for three or four days. When the vic
tim of the faking process has recover
ed, its appearance is so changed that
it is doubtful if its own mother would
recognize it
Exactly how long the deception
would remain undetected depends up
on the thoroughness or otherwise with
which the transformation work has
been done. The dye lasts a long time,
but it does wear ofT ultimately.
Perhaps the roost curious method of
altering a dog's appearance Is that
sewing another skin over the original
covering. The Chinese are reputed to
be past masters in this art and to
have practiced it for the purpose of
getting diamonds out of the Kimberly
mines. A valuable dog has, we wiil
assume, just died its skin is taken,
and, after a slight preparation, is
sewed round another dog.
This double skinned animal is sold
to a lady fond of the particular kiwi
of creature which this dog now im
personates and the dealer has done
a good thing. In human beings a
"thick skin" is supposed to render the
owner more comfortable, but the arti
ficially thick-skinned canine is dis
tinctly uncomfortable in its new garb.
A lady who had bought a dog like
that and had given it a bountiful sup
ply of food was greatly worried on
seeing the creature lie down and give
vent to expressions of pain. A vet,
hurriedly summoned to examine the
animal, horrified the kindly dame by
unceremoniously ripping up the dog's
skin with his pocketknife.
It was not such a dreadful deed as it
appeared in fact, it was only like
the school boy unbuttoning his waist
coat after a good dinner. The extra
wrapping was so tight that it did not
allow for natural expansion. The dog
was a poor cur not worth having
when denuded of its false skin.
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Anything That Lowers the Vital Tone
Invites the Disease.
As February and March are the
typical pneumonia months, during
which the disease reaches Its highest
mortality, it is incumbent on all to
excerclse more than ordinary care In
avoiding undue exposure to well
known inclemencies of the weather
during these months. Living as we do
in such a variable climate we can
not altogethes escape the incident
risks of sudden changes of tempera
ture, raw air, snow, rain anl sleet
and poisonous dust, but we can do our
best to harden ourselves to emer
gencies. "I never take cold, because
I have my cold plunge every morning,"
says one, but every individual cannot
safely indulge in such a practice. It
is a question of quick reaction and a
healthy glow of the body, or a de
pressing and chilly effect, doing pro
portionately greater harm. But short
of this each one can toughen himself
in his own way by an insuring process
which suits his requirements.
The main point to be gained is the
ready a'Viptation to sudden changes
Indoors and out, and the ability to
promptly resist a temporary chill. The
occurrence of the latter should al
ways be taken as a warning that the
body machinery is not in good work
ing order. Anything that lowers the
vital tone furnishes the proper soil
for the ever-lurking pneumococcus.
Undue and prolonged exposure to cold
and excessive indulgence in alcoholic
stimulants are well known to be the
leading' depressing agencies that
specially invite a pneumonic attack.
Next comes general weakness, or de
bility, and for this reason the aged
are the surest victims of the disease.
The initative "cold" is especially to
be avoided. The largest proportion
of pneumonia victims is first attacked
in this way. Ordinary catarrhal af
fections are so common during all sea
sons, due to infected dust in cities
and unhygienic apartments, that the
victim ordinarily pays little attention
to them, but at this time they as
sume, for obvious reasons, an ominous
importance. The first aim then, should
be to allow the ordinary "cold" no
quarter. The best proof of the value
of such advice is the fact that by a
prompt treatment of the affection
pneumonia is often effectually prevent­
All Work
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ed. This we arm the system against
the graver attack of lung trouble by
conserving and stimulating vital remitt
ance. Nor is any time to be lost, In
asmuch as the incubation period of
pneumonia if often limited to two or
three days.
The most dangerous preliminary
"cold" are those attended with fever
ishness, lassitude, headache, achy
limbs and the general "sick feeling"
thnt mark the attack. To brave snch
a seizure by an attempt to "work it
off" is the height of foolhardlness.
The prudent man must take to his
bed at once and submit to proper
medical treatment, nor should he ven
ture out again until all threatening
symptoms have disappeared.
As an additional emphasis to the
importance of these salutary precau
tions, simple as they are,-and so easily
applied, it must be borne in mind that
when pneumonia fairly starts on its
way it goes to its end. As a self
limited disease it always takes a
definite course, progressing through
its various stages in spite of the most,
skillful treatment, and endln either
in the "crisis" which marks the com
mencement of recovery, or in death.
Why, then, should we take any risks,
however small they may at first ap
pear? The microbe is on one side, the
victim on the other. At least we can
protect the individual against chance
attacks.—New York Herald.
Reflections of a Bachelor.
New York Press: It would be easy
to. get rich if it was as useful as the
When a girl has nice, white teeth,
it's funny how many things she finds
to smile at.
A girl wouldn't know half so mnch
of the things she oughtn't to If her
mother didn't try to have her know
What a woman likes about Christian
Science is the way it can make her
think she believes things she doesn't.
When a man's shoes hurt him he
acts as if he was at his own funeral
when it's a woman she makes you
believe the only thing needed to com
plete her joy would be to be danc
Prudent people are coming, more
and more, to confine their purchases
to advertised things—and this is pos
sible most of the time, and profitable
has opened offices at 119 NORTH THIRD ST. and is prepared
to figure on all kinds of Plumbing and Steam and Gas Fitting.
Estimates furnished on short notice.
Both Telephones 1043*L
Dr. Eckman
New Methods, New Appliances to Make all Operations Painless
BLOCK Reasonable

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