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PAGE FOUR 41 1. BMAT.il,. MANAGES OM Month BY fi: I'.iSvifc. carrier OM Week by caerier. ^SW: THE EVENING TIMES •MHHB UIUII, 19M PUNTED EVEKY WEEK DAY IN TBS YKAB THE TIMES PUBLISHING COMPANY Notwithstanding these incontrovert ible and historical facts the flood of misinformation to which we have re ferred has conveyed to the public mind the idea that there is a wide dis agreement between the house and the president on the one hand and tue senate on the other that the senate is undertaking, by subterranean methods, to carry out the wishes of the railroad corporations, and that the president stands alone in Washington as the people's champion. This view of the case, unfounded as it is and untrue as all just-minded men know it to be, does great injustice to the president himself, because it puts him in the dangerous attitude of one who doubts the sincerity and patriotism of other man sworn, as he is. Sworn to do their duty as they see it. That there may be no mistake about the president's position on this most important and far-reaching question we give below the exact words of the president himself. In a speech deliv ered by hinjself at Raleigh, North Car olina, less than six months ago, he said: "But in my judgment the most im portant! thing to do is to give to this administrative body (the inter-state commerce commission) power to make .its findings effective, and this can be done only by giving it power where complaint is made of a given rate as being unjust or unreasonable, if it finds the complaint proper, then itself to fix a maximum rate which it re gards as just and reasonable, this rate to go into effect practically at once, that is, within a reasonable time, and to stay in effect, unless reversed by the Marts. I earnestly hope that we shall see a law giving this power passed by congress." That ,the senate will follow the pres ident's 'advice, amending the house bill so as to provide for court review, need not be doubted. That it should not do so would be to discredit the Sospel of "a square deal." REPUBLICANS, TAKE NOTICE. If any further evidence were needed to establish the contention of the Evening Times and the contention of republicans throughout the state that the Grand Forks Herald is the organ at the democratic party in North Da kota that evidence Is furnished in a recent editorial In the Herald quot ing approvingly a contributed article" in the North American Review favor ing the nomination of Wood row Wil son. as the democratic candidate for the presidency In 1908. The Herald .• review* the article in which it is Retained that the democracy "should |«el«et southern man for Header in the next presidential campaign," laying Sjfc emphasis on the argument that "the yffev anion between the north and the 5V rU, (INCORPORATED) WH. H. ALEXANDER. CATOULATLOM MUTM AddraM all rcmmiinlf thai to Tha EraiiDC Sabacribeni deabinc addreaa changed moat lend former addfeae aa well aa new one Bntered as second-class matter at the postofllee at Grand Forks. North Dakota. UNION^^m Sentiment to He Inculcated* "tot fevercnce of law be breathed by •very mother to the llspins babe that 8rattles There is a flood of misinformation pouring over the country, and out of it come many of the misconceptions that pass for public sentiment. Just now there is a famous debate in pro gress in the United States senate over the railroad rate bill which was passed by the house in response to a very general desire that the national gov ernment should assume closer super vision of the affairs of the great rail way lines of the country. The bill was considered in the house under a rule of that body which prohibited amendments being made to it, and its authors asserted in substance that it was so nearly perfect in every way that it did not need amendment. They also allowed it to be understood that President, Roosevelt.''wanted it just that way. ,-w .AsVthe bill did not^r6vidS that jthe rate .orders. of the inte*-»i®te. ••com merce Commission should' be open to re view, "by the courts, thus leaving the commission the sole and only juflge of. the legality of such rates, the senate, tinker its right to amend bills eonjlng'frOto the house, sought.to make ..careful1 inquiry into that particular phase of the question. In doing so it bad:-in vierw the fact that the Town send-Esch 'railroad rate bill which passed the house near the close of the last session of congress contained a court review clause. It also remem bered that the president in at least two messages had favored court re view. WEDNESDAY E\EMNG. APRIL II. 1B06 in her lap let it be taught in ha .schools, seminaries and colleges let It'be written In primers, spelling books and almanacs let It be preached from pulpits and proclaimed in legis lative halls and enforced in courts of Justice in .short, let It become the political religion of the nation." —Abraham Lincoln. THE PRESIDENT'S POSITION. & H. LAWMAN. Bmtob DmGrand SUBSCRIPTION BATES DAILY OM Taar In Advance Br Months advance Forks. N. D. WEEKLY S 0 0 O a I a a a .... LIS Bis Monthi In advance 40 Three Mentha in advanea IS One year not in advanea .76 JO LEO south can never bo complete until a citizen of the south takes official pos session of the white house." The Herald then quotes at. length from the article that portion of it which reflects directly upon President Roosevelt as follows: "The country needs relief from the strenuous and histrionic methods of federal administration now exempli fied in the white house. It needs a man who is a genuine historical schol ar, and who has conclusively proved himself a competent executive. Its needs a statesman of breadth, depth and exceptional sagacity an idealist, who, at the same time, shall be ex ceptionally sane. It needs a man who, although steeped in Jeffersoriian teachings, can be trusted at a given crisis to ask, not what Jefferson did a century ago, but what Jefferson would do now. It needs a man whose nom ination would be a recognition of the south, which the south nobly deserves, and whose election would be a decisive proof of the full restoration of the union. Such, unquestionably, is the man whom the country urgently re quires, by whatever political party be may chance to be brought forward. Such a man is Woodrow Wilson' of Virginia and New Jersey. We add that he is a democrat, and of course a tariff revisionist. In a word he meets all the exigencies of the situa tion." There is not a word of criticism by the Herald of this latest democratic assault on President Roosevelt not a word in defense of republican party principles as against the Review con tributor's attempt to rehabilitate the now fossilized policies of Jefferson. The Herald's editorial, in its entirety, is a democratic argument, and will de light the hearts of those democratic leaders who 6poke at the Duis cele bration. What do republicans of North Da kota think of it, anyway? There can be but one conclusion. It is a pro nounced declaration on the part of the Herald in the direction of turning over the state to the democracy next fall, and following within a few days the recent democratic victory in this city is so full of significance as to leave no room for question as to the Herald's purpose. INCREASED LAND VALUES. Large fortunes have been made in this state in the past by the increase in land values, and it is probable that the same conditions will prevail in the future until the price of land reaches the point where the income derived from it will not be more than a nor mal interest rate upon the investment. Just where this point lies remains to be determined. If the methods that have universally prevailed in the past are pursued in the future it is not difficult to mark the place where increase in land values will cease. The general crop production throughout this state is the result of the fertility of the soil, and there is little added artificial increase. This is a statement of the rule, of course, to which there are notable ex ceptions. Many farmers are getting much more than the result of natural fertility from their land in the way of crops. On the other hand there are others who by their poor methods are really not getting what the natural conditions of the soil would produce. Striking a balance between these extremes leaves the general condi tions about as Indicated. But the present cultivated area of North Dakota can by the adoption of advanced ideas in farming and by diversification, be made to yield far more than it does at present. This would not require an abnormal drain upon the soil, but would be merely the securing of the fullest measure possible from it. If the land is capable of producing a crop of twice the market value of what is now produced, and the pres ent one is a fair income rate on the land at twice the price now being paid for it. it is a reasonable inference that the price of la&d can advance to four times what it now is before the point of non-paying investment is reached, provided such methods are adopted as will get the entire avail able productive power out of the soil. If these methods are not adopted then the maximum price point will be reached in one-third the distance. Under these circumstances it be hooves, those who hope to realize the value of the increase in their land— values that properly, belong to them— to encourage' the adoption of such methods as will produce the greatest returns from the., land. The profit which lies in this in crease belongs to the owners, and the fortunes to be derived from it are as much theirs as though it were, gold dug from their mines. These apportunlties are awaiting .. V'-v i- -. 't the land owners of North Dakota in the future just as much as they have been realized in the past, but they will no longer be the result of discovery of hidden fertility but of conservation of nature's storehouse by scientific methods of farming. CONGRESS AJfD ITS ACCUSERS. The special commissioners who swooped down on Washington several months ago to uncover the rottenness of congress and all that have accom plished one thing. They have at tracted attention to themselves. But I in doing that they have served the powers they came to destroy. Their screeds have fully revealed both ignor ance and venom, and consequently failed of their object. Such writers always overdo their tasks. The reader need not follow them further than twenty lines before discovering that they are writing up to a preconceived opinion, and going at a speed that makes information and accuracy im possible. A hot-gospeler of thjit type, with his adjectives all arranged in advance, is soon detected, and detec tion ends him. These men are not the first of their kind to invade Washington on such an errand. For years it has been the custom of certain publications in dull times to dispatch special representa tives to the capital to "give Washing ton a turning over." The assumption in such a case is that the writers regularly stationed here get stale and dull, and fail to discover the true in wardness of things. Anew man, it is reasoned, will go in on his mettle and clear the atmosphere, putting rascally legislators on guard, and encouraging honest ones to greater effort. The way in which such commissions as a rule are discharged has long been one of the jokes in Washington journalistic circles. Sensations made to order are always defective. The ingredients hastily gathered rarely mix, and the result is a mess obnox ious to both good taste and common sense. One has only to reflect a moment to appreciate the absurdity of the whole calculation. If the regular writers in Washington, who number several hundred, and are men of train ing and ability, could be convicted of sleepiness, or indifference, or worse, it would not stand to reason that a few strangers^ could point out the country's difficulties after a hasty glance. For if congress were not rot ten It would expose itself. Not even special commissioners would be neces sary. The country's business could not be conducted by officials at the mercy of any visitor come to town to show them. Upon the whole, this latest hulla baloo will strengthen rather than weaken the public service. A general warning against sensational accusers of men in office can but make the pub lic more careful in its reading and more just in its judgment.—Washing ton Star. CLEANING UP THE ALLEYS. Some of the alleys of the city are being cleaned up, but there are many places which need immediate atten tion if a rich harvest of disease is to be prevented. It is the theory of some people that agitation of an unhealthy condition of the city by the press works are in jury to the community by calling pub lic attention to its failures. No stranger will have any respect for a city in which people are dying like flies in November from smallpox, when by the policy of hushing up a publication of conditions, he iB per mitted to unknowingly walk into a death trap. Rather will he have respect for that city In which, if an unsanitary condi tion is found to exist, the press wages a battle without gloves against the conditions and by arousing public sentiment compels the remedying of the evils. People and especially strangers know that in such a community, no danger to health will be hidden by star chamber policies while the min istry seek for more funeral texts. What needs to be done in this and every other city is an arousing of the public on the matter of cleaning up the streets and especially the alleys in the early spring before the Boll be comes saturated with disease germs which later in the season will develop into a contagion.. In climates such as this the habit of throwing garbage into the public highways is almost universal In the towns. This garbage decaying under the effects of early spring sunshine, breeds disease germs that, were their effects not counteracted by the highly pure atmospheric conditions, would produce a scourge equal to that suf fered by the cities of the south*. In fact the only difference is that there the almost continuous summer develops these conditions faster than in the north, where the process is stay ed by the hand of winter. The danger here is small compared with what it Is in the south, but with a climate such as North Dakota has contagious diseases should be prac tically unknown. Cleaning up the alleys will avoid much of the danger, and this matter m£&%0^jarz2sz&, r^tfTT-C-ic. Oh, -.-..V.V.: .^! *'Hx„r *n'-Z1&r*~* x"* .N (V #£l THE EVENING TIMES, GRAND FORKS, N. D. should receive attention immediately, not only in this city but in every other where the dangerous and unsanitary conditions exist "Boss" Wlnship appears to be dis turbed on account of the attitude of the editors of several reputable news papers in the state who have offended the Herald politician by holding gov ernment Jobs secured for them by the delegation in Washington. At least this one thing may be said in their be half—they are grateful for past favors. "Boss" Winship is grateful only for favors to come. Wall Is a good citizen, but the Spalding handicap was too much for him. The people will discover before a great while why it was that Spald ing did not get the nomination at the last state convention. The fact is the Cass county delegation didn't want him, and many of them said so. Maybe "Boss" Winship may con clude to have Mayor Duis run for governor. Well, he would make a good one if the people want a demo crat. If they do. the Evening Times is pledged to Winship. The president and congress are get ting nearer and nearer together on railroad rate legislation. Won't the insurgents feel badly though if the president and congress should finally agree! The man who plays the roll of po litical "boss" does not sleep upon a bed of roses. "Boss" Winship will find his matress full of cobblestones. Holding His Tongue. The man who speaks a dozen tongues, when all is said and done, Don't hold a match to him who knows how to keep still in one The talker CODS some good things here, things much to be desired The silent man cops these and more, and doesn't make folks tired. Oh, you can have life's good thiners brought right to you if you will Throw out your chest, put on a frown and just keep still. The man who's known as "silver tongued" may fool folk for a spell Some few may take him at his word, believe all he may tell About himself for just a while but soon he'll make a slip, And he'll be nicely put away, knocked out by his own lip you'll get money fn the bank and dollars In your till If you'll put on a thoughtful look and just keep still. Full many men are dead and gone who died for want of breath, And many who while still on earth have talked themselves to death More sharper than a serpent's tooth is man own reckless tongue When hung inside an open face anil all too loosel" swung. Close up your face and ope your ears and drink in to your All This sage advice Throw out your chest and just keep still. In public life's few lower round are some who chew the rag. And some from dewy morn till night sail in and punch the bag. Because they like the sound of it but list a while, you'll find The louder Is the noise it makes the more it's filled with wind. Be good and hush and you will get a' jrreat reward, vou will: Throw out your chest and smile, or frown—but just keep still. —Houston Post. AMUSEMENTS The Sleeping Beauty and the Beast. "The Sleeping Beauty and the Beast," the biggest spectacular pantomine ever presented in this country will be the attraction at the Metropolitan theater Saturday evening. Its success at the Drury Lane theater. London, and later at the Broadway theater. New York city was phenomenal, and since its metropolitan run, the same story of continued prosperity is re- peated wherever it is presented, and the enthusiasm just as great as on the opening night. The clever coinedlans, the sweet singers, the pretty and vivacious girls are Just what are needed to win suc cess for a play of this sort, and the book is so full of good things that it entertains all. The ballets continue to attract unbounded admiration from all playgoers who see them while the tableax contribute an important part and are marvels of beailty. In point of scenic grandeur and bewildering costuming, the equal of "The Sleeping Beauty and the Beast" has never been produced. .Uncle Tom's Cabin. & \7 Wi*?V 1 N brated pack of Mood hounds Is one of the features with this company. New and novel novel' specialties are introduced by the ''Lone Star Quar tet." The parade will be worth going to see. Vaudeville. The efforts of the management of the Metropolitan bid fair to make Wednesday, April 18, veritable way mark in the successful history of the theater. The entire. program will he features and headlines in the Vaude ville business and will include Mr. and Mrs. Danny Mann in1 their clever com edy which is commonly called the "Sis Hopkins" of the VaHdeville stage. ELECTION LAW DIGEST Salient Points of the New Law Con densed Into Terse Paragraphs for the Voters of the State—Important Points Governing Elections. A few paragraphs—condensations from the new primary election law relating to the campaign this summer ending with the state convention, will be of interest and instructions along this line should be given the widest publicity: Primary Election. This year Tuesday, June 19, polls in the various regularly established precincts, open 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. Bal lots prepared by county auditors and sent to all precincts 5 days before election. l'etltinnx. For county or district office must contain the names of at least 5 per cent, of the total vote last cast for same office by party with which candi date affiliates. SIKU Bnt One Petition. Each signer shall sign but one paper for the same office. FIIIUB of Petition. County or district office, with coun-^ ty auditor not earlier than May 20,^ nor later than May 30. Legislative assembly, not earlier than May 20 nor later than June 3. Fee*. State senator, $30 member house, $10 county auditor, 2 per cent, of an nual salary sheriff, same sum as paid by auditor treasurer, register of deeds, clerk of court, state's attorney, county judge, and superintendent of schools, each 2 per cent of annual sal ary public administrator, $5 coun ty commissioner, coroner and survey or, each $3 constables and justices of the peace, each $1. Delegates to state convention not required to pay any fees. Apportionment. Apportionment of delegates to state convention for each county to be made by state central committees prior to May 1, and certified to county auditors, and by him included in notice to be published. Delciciilm to State Convention. Must receive at least JO per cent, of last vote for governor of party principles .they respectively represent, and be voted for at the primaries June 19. Vacancies in delegations filled by 6t.ate committee. Petitions may contain name Of one or more can didates for delegate. Must Vote I'nrty Tleket. When handing the voter a ballot judge must inform voter that he must vote for the candidates of the party he affiliates with and hand him such a ballot. Voter challenged required to file, affidavit Member* of Legialatare. In legislative districts containing two or more counties, respective audi tors meet at office of auditor of senior county within 15 days after primary election (June 18) and compare votes and the senior county auditor shall immediately certify the nominations to secretary of state. Vacancies are fill ed by majority vote of the committee man from the various counties com prising the districts. Where two or more legislative districts are in one it MISS ROSE SARTELLA. Prima Donna Soprano In "The Sleeping Beauty and the Upasl." A Leo W. Washburn, with Stetson's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" company begins an engagement at the Metropolitan theater on Tuesday, April 17, when the patrons of that popular house will see this time-honored play In all Its su perior attractiveness. "Uncle Tom," the/hero of this purposeful story is portrayed by Fred Bennett, Stetson's original "Uncle Tom," probably the best known impersonator of this cele brated character lii tthe county the party, committees of the county fill the vacancy. nixtrlct Jiidgn, When one is to be nominated (none this year) the convention date is fixed for some day in May by the state committee, and the same dele gates as are elected to the state con vention from the counties comprising'! the judicial district meet and nopilnate candidate. Qualification of Petitioners*« Must be qualified electors and signa tures must be under a certified party heading. Nomination* Without Petition. A candidate -may be nominated by having his name written, on or by printed stickers placed in a blank line left for that purpose underneath the group in each official position. 1 ^rorld. There will be two Topsles, two Marks in the great double, cast. The work of com petent players is further enhanced by beautiful stage settings and new elec trlcal. devices, Co). 'Sawyer's cela^ 0o) towyt,?* eel Conduct of State Convention*. Majority, vote nominates, Unit rule abolished. Secret ballot enforced. Mattel* In iouh£. Shall a candidate for state senator or member of the house in districts comprising two or more counties pay to each county a fee of $20 and 910 re- spectlvely or simply pay fee to the county in which he lives? Doubtleb the Intent, of the legislative act- was (o pay one fee only, but ja doubt i9 rals«d and the wise candidate will pay the f. .t .'I •y Mi^h VI County Cnnvaaalna Board. Comprised of clerk of district court, county auditor, chairman board of county commissioners and chairmen of the central committees of the two political parties casting the highest vote for governor at the preceding election.' Cltlea Exempt. Cities of lesB than 6,000 inhabitants are exempt from provisions of the primary law and proceed under the old law for the nomination of muni cipal officers. County Central Committee*. Between August 1st and 10th the delegates elected to the state con vention shall meet at the various coun ty seats, at a time and place to be designated by the chairman of the county central committee, and elect a county central committee of which committee no candidate shall be eligi ble. Every member shall be a legal voter and said committee shall meet within five days and elect chairman, secretary and treasurer from among their own members. Vacancies filled by majority of committee. state Central Committee*. Shall be selected as the state. con vention sees fit. STORIES OF THE STREET. There is a railroad man in 'Ldrlmore who is a great believer in advertising., He is not in a position to make the1 road the greatest In the world by unique advertising, but he is'in a fair way of getting acquainted with peo ple and all through a card he has had published. The card is reproduced in thb entirely about himself. Lets get Capital $9,999,999.99 Acquainted. In My Dreams. GEO. E. La VIGNE Ragtime Millionaire Looking for Somebody to Loye. Kind Regards to Not Marrier all Friends and and out for Knockers. a good time. "There is not one barber in fifty who knows how to comb a man's hair, to say nothing about ability to shave." remarked Dudley, the barber, last night. "I never could understand whv it is that barbers cannot comb one's hair. Now and then we find a 'ton sorial artist,' as they are called the bucolic districts, who can shave a man with some consideration as to his physical' endurance, but the bar ber who can comb or brush hair is still an undiscovered quantity. More Phe 'a **pas •1100—Six room house on Cheyenne avenue. Small barn 60x140 foot lot. Seven blocks from Central school building six blocks from O. N. depot. Basement with furnace. Good well on premises. B-734. 91400—Store building: with stock of groceries and flxtures. Luvlng rooms in building SO foot lot. B-733. 91000—Five room house on Budge avenue: 60x140 foot lot Close to G. N. depot. Small barn on prem ises. B-732. 9300—50x140 foot lot on North Sixth street. Sewer and water In street. Sidewalk in front seven blocks from DeMers avenue.. B-731. 9S3T0—Two houses Tn north end of town six rooms e&ch. City water woodshed. B-730. 92500—Six room house in South End. New and in good condition 50 foot corner lot. Good bricked-up cellar. Woodshed. An exceedingly nice home. B-726. 91800—Eight room house in North End, quite close to G. N. depot. Good barn on lot. City water and cellar. B-G9S, 1300—Six room house on Second avenue 50 foot lot. City water. Small cellar. $200 to $300 cash, bal ance in monthly payments 93300—An all-modern nine room house on So'uth Fourth street. Full basement 60 foot lot close in. This is an evceedingly nice proposition. FOR SAliE—'Wood, coal and dray business in small North Dakota town for $750. Annual income $1800. A bargain. fee to each county and not allow the question to be raised. Notice of Primary Election. Between April 1 and May 15 the secretary of state shall notify each county auditor of the officers to bb nominated and the respective county auditors shall cause notice of same to .n.priH tor four successive weeks in the official newspapers of the coun ty. Canvami of Vote*. The judges of primary election shall canvass the vote, preserve the list of names of voters and file same—one copy with the board of registration. \a ''p* J- "•, hS. y, MkkMW -ia "UA •1-' I 1 •V- f: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11,190ft 'j 91900—Five room house with city water on a 80 foot corner lot. This IS located In the south end of town. W TOBB BUSINESS IS FOR 8ALB WE SHOULD LIKE! TO SELL IT POR VOU. WRITE US. OTHERS! IS A TIDE I1V THE) AF FAIRS OK MEN WHICH TAKBN AT THEJETLOOD LEADS Olf TO FORTUNES'* a much-overworked quotation, but we believe It Is quite applicable to the buying of Grand Forks city property at this time. You cannot expect to make a fortune or even a competence by Investing In afew hundred dollar Int.*. or a small house, .but you can expect to do better with your money by so doing than you could possibly do with it_in any other way that we know of. WOO—Four room house on North Fifth street 60 foot lot. $100 to $200 cash handles it The balance can be arranged in monthly pay ments. ABSTRACTS OF TITLES—We' have the only complete set of abstract books in the county, kept constantly up to date by competent and experi abstracters. We give the best service at the very lowest price. SESVESN INSURANCES COMPANIES— We write Are insurance in seven of .and largest insurance companies doing business In the state. Very lowest ratea FOR SALES—Nine room house on Walnut street Bath, steam heat, basement, water and sewer 60 foot •pTcc" gaA beautiful shade treYs! than two-thirds of the barbers who roll over your hair and muBS it up while they are irritating your face with dull razors push you up in the chair after applying a pain-producing liquid they call a lotion, 'and bawl 'wet or dryr Inferentlally that applies to your hair. If you are able to speak yoi may say 'dry.' Then the tonsorial ex pert takes a comb and brush, gives you two or three, wallops on the cran ium, parts jw hair where* it was never parted before, slaps you in the face with a towel he jerks from be neath your ehln and groans1 "nex* gent.' "Is It any wonder that men who go to a barber shop to be 'fixed' up be fore appearing as speakers at some function sometimes get wild? Why they don't know themselves when they get out of the 'artists' hands." iVhy is It that these barbers who'pride themselves on their expertness in shaving cannot comb or brush1 hair?"' M. COHEN FUR CO. •1) I 1 FURS Steptjiaared REPAIRED Fur garments .of every description made to order. Remember the place. 117 3rd St. Crisd Forlo, D. Phone S11-L ne Nitfht= Saturday, April 14th Gigantic, gorgeous production of the famous English extravaganzri from Drury Lane theatre, London* Eng.. and the Broadway theatre, New. York, and the Beast 7 S Pwple in Brilliant Ensemble 7 Carloads of Scenic Splendor Catchy, tuneful musical numbers and enjoyable specialty features, including the Louvre Seminary Girls' Band (di rect from France). PRICES: $1.50, $L00t 75, 50 CllTAia-8.30 SBAir TYPEWRITERS APPEAL TO YOUR SENSE AND YOUR SENSES Smith Premier !s the most silent typewriter on the market. The action is quiet, no shift key. Endorsed by mechanical experts. THE SMITH PREMIER TYPEWRITER CO. SYRACUSE, N. Y. Dntch Stores Bwiyvhmi 1^ 2SHe«M|^o Ave* MTquapoUs .# City.